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Domestic Refrigerator Parts

Six Parts of Refrigeration System


Theory A mechanical refrigeration system must have several basic components through which a refrigerant can circulate and heat can be transferred.

Six parts of Refrigeration system 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Compressor Condenser Filter drier Refrigerant control (Capillary tube) Evaporator Accumulator

Compressor A vapor that pumps vapor (refrigerant or air) from one pressure level to a higher pressure level. A mechanical device that squeezes the heat using a piston driven by a motor. It has two valves which are attached to the valve plate.

One is sucking the refrigerant coming from the evaporator which is the suction valve. Second the discharge valve maintains high pressure needed to superheat refrigerant.

Condenser Part of refrigeration system which receives hot, high pressure refrigerant gas from compressor and cools gaseous refrigerant until it returns to its liquid state. It is a tube system made from copperized steel where the superheat from the refrigerant is being dissipated into the surrounding air. This fin or plate acts as the dissipating agent of heat in order change the vapor refrigerant to liquid form.

Filter drier A fine mesh or porous material that removes particles from passing fluids. Located in the liquid line at the outlet of the condenser. It purpose is to filter or trap minute particles of foreign materials and absorb any moisture in the system.

Refrigerant control Device which meters flow of refrigerant between two areas of a refrigeration system. It also maintains the pressure difference between high - pressure and low - pressure side of mechanical refrigerating system while the unit is running. Capillary tube Is a small diameter liquid line connecting the condenser to the evaporator. Its resistance, or pressure drop, due to length of the tube and its small diameter, meters the refrigerant flow into the evaporator. Allows the high - side pressure to unload, or balance out, with the low side pressure during the off cycle.

Heat exchanger Is formed by soldering a portion of the capillary tube to the suction line. The purpose of heat exchanger is to increase the over-all capacity and efficiency of the system. It does this by using the cold suction gas leaving the evaporator to cool the warm liquid refrigerant passing through the capillary tube to the evaporator Evaporator The component in a refrigeration system that absorbs heat into the system and evaporates the liquid refrigerant.

Accumulator A storage tank located in the suction line of a compressor. This installed between the last coil ofEVAPORATOR and SUCTION LINE.

Primary function is to TRAP THE UNBOILED REFRIGERANT, preventing it from entering the compressor.

The Evaporator in Set-up with the Accumulator and Capillary tube

Flash Gas Is in liquid form refrigerant which is harmful to the compressor and not COMPRESSIBLE.