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LEED AP BD&CD Activity #3 Energy & Atmosphere

1. How many points can projects earn in the Energy & Atmosphere category?

NC =

Schools =

CS =

2. Test your knowledge of how well you know the EA credit names and point values:

Credit

Title

NC

Schools

CS

EAP1

       

EAP2

       

EAP3

       

EAC1

       

EAC2

       

EAC3

       

EAC4

       

EAC5

       

EAC5.1

       

EAC5.2

       

EAC6

       

3. Match the intent to the credit.

CREDIT

ANS

 

EAP1

 

EAP2

 

EAP3

 

EAC1

 

EAC2

 

EAC3

 

EAC4

 

EAC5

 

EAC6

 
 

INTENT

 

A

To reduce ozone depletion and support early compliance with the Montreal Protocol while minimizing direct contributions to climate change.

B

To encourage the development and use of gridsource, renewable energy technologies on a net zero pollution basis.

C

To provide for the ongoing accountability of building energy consumption over time.

D

To achieve increasing levels of energy performance beyond the prerequisite standard to reduce environmental and economic impacts associated with excessive energy use.

E

To encourage and recognize increasing levels of on site renewable energy self supply to reduce environmental and economic impacts associated with fossil fuel energy use.

F

To reduce stratospheric ozone depletion.

G

To establish the minimum level of energy efficiency for the proposed building and systems to reduce environmental and economic impacts associated with excessive energy use.

H

To begin the commissioning process early in the design process and execute additional activities after systems performance verification is completed.

I

To verify that the project’s energyrelated systems are installed, calibrated and perform according to the owner’s project requirements, basis of design and construction documents. Benefits of commissioning include reduced energy use, lower operating costs, reduced contractor callbacks, better building documentation, improved occupant productivity and verification that the systems perform in accordance with the owner’s project requirements.

4.

Buildings consume approximately

of the energy and

of the electricity produced annually in

the United States, according to the U.S. Department of Energy.

5.

The most effective way to optimize energy efficiency is to use an

approach.

,

6.

List the three activities promoted in the Energy and Atmosphere category:

1.

2.

3.

7.

The design of new facilities must be based on the designated mandatory and prescriptive requirements of or USGBC approved local code, whichever is more

stringent.

 

8.

List the two opportunities teams have to integrate renewable energy strategies into the LEED project:

1.

2.

9.

In some states,

can offset on site renewable energy costs when excess

electricity generated on site is sold back to the utility.

 

10.

EAP1 Fundamental Commisssioning of Building Energy Systems list the commissioning process activites that must be completed by the project team:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

11.

What energy related systems must be commissioned, at a minimum?

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

12.

List four examples of other systems that could be included in the commissioning process at the owner’s discretion:

1.

3.

13.

Benefits of commissioning include reduced

 

,

lower

 

fewer

better building

, documentation, improved occupant productivity, and verification that the systems perform in accordance with the owner’s project requirements.

,

14.

The following activity is designed to help you to memorize the requirements for EAP1 and EAC3:

Commissioning tasks: * = CxA MUST do

Commissioning tasks: * = CxA MUST do = EAC3 ONLY

= EAC3 ONLY

 

1.

Designate the CxA

 
 

2.

Document OPR. Develop BOD.

 

*

3.

Review OPR and BOD

 

4.

Develop and implement CxA plan

 
 

5.

Incorporate into CDs

*

6.
6.

Review design prior to mid CDs

 

*

7.
7.

Review contractor’s submittals

 

*

8.

Verify installation and performance

 
 
9.
9.

Manual

 
10.
10.

Training

*

11.

Complete summary report

 

*

12.
12.

Review operations within 10 mos of substantial completion

 

Study the list of activities shown above and try to memorize the list. It may help to just remember the first word of each line, i.e, designate, document, review, develop, incorporate, review, review, verify, manual,

training, complete, review. The activities are also somewhat in “order”. Use a * to indicate the activities that

the CxA must do himself and

the activities that the CxA must do himself and the activities that are only required for

the activities that are only required for EAC3.

Practice memorizing the list:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

Practice memorizing the list:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

15. For LEED projects, a qualified CxA should have experience with and technical complexity.

other projects of similar managerial

16. For projects larger than independent of the project’s

square feet, the individual serving as the CxA on a LEED project must be

and

teams.

17. The CxA must report results, findings, and recommendations directly to the

18. For projects smaller than

square feet, the CxA may be a qualified staff member of the owner,

an owner’s consultant to the project, or an individual on the

(such as the engineer of record) and may have additional project responsibilities beyond leading the commissioning services.

or

team

19. OPR is an acronym for

20. BOD is an acronym for

21. Complete the following using acronyms:

Clear and concise documentation of the delivery and commissioning process.

and the

is a valuable part of any successful project

22. For the list shown indicate if it should be included as part of the OPR or the BOD:

Owner and user requirements Narrative descriptions Indoor environmental quality requirements Energy efficiency goals Standards Building occupant and O&M personnel requirements Equipment and system expectations Environmental and sustainability goals Primary design assumptions

23. The commissioning plan is developed at the

of the commissioning process, preferably during

development, and is updated during the course of a project to reflect any changes in planning,

schedule, or other aspects.

24. The CxA should conduct at least

commissioning design review of the owner’s project requirements,

basis of design, and design documents prior to check the review comments in the subsequent design submission.

documents phase and back

25. EAP2 Minimum Energy Performance requirements:

Schools The project must establish an energy performance rating goal for the facility design using EPA’s rating tool.

Option 1. Whole Building Energy Simulation NC, Schools & CS

Demonstrate a

improvement in the proposed building performance rating for new buildings, or a

improvement in the proposed building performance rating for major renovations to existing

buildings, compared with the baseline building performance rating.

Calculate the baseline building performance rating according to the building performance rating method in

of without addenda) using a computer simulation model for the whole building project.

(with errata but

OPTION 2. Prescriptive Compliance Path: ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide

NC & CS PATH 1. ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings 2004 The building must meet the following requirements:

Less than

square feet.

Office occupancy.

PATH 2. ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings 2006 The building must meet the following requirements:

Less than

square feet.

Retail occupancy.

PATH 3. ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Warehouses and Self Storage Buildings 2008 The building must meet the following requirements:

Less than

Warehouse or self storage occupancy.

square feet.

OPTION 2. Prescriptive Compliance Path: Advanced Energy Design Guide for K 12 School Buildings Schools Comply with all of the prescriptive measures identified in the Advanced Energy Design Guide for K12 school buildings. Comply with all applicable criteria as established in the Advanced Energy Design Guide for the climate zone in which the building is located.

Projects using Option 2 must be less than

square feet.

OPTION 3. Prescriptive Compliance Path: Advanced Buildings™ Core Performance™ Guide

NC, Schools & CS Comply with the prescriptive measures identified in the Advanced Buildings™ Core Performance™ Guide developed by the New Buildings Institute. The building must meet the following requirements:

Less than

Comply with Section 1: Design Process Strategies, and Section 2: Core Performance Requirements.

square feet.

,

, and

projects less than

, square feet must comply with Section 1and Section 2 of the Core Performance Guide.

Other project types less than the Core Performance Guide.

path.

,

square feet implement the basic requirements of

and

projects are ineligible for this

26. For LEED energy modeling the default process energy cost must be at least for the baseline building.

of the total energy cost

27. List the three most important systems for designing an energy efficient building:

1.

2.

3.

28. List two ways that projects can mitigate energy use impacts:

29. In the space provided indicate if the item shown is process energy or regulated energy:

office and general miscellaneous equipment kitchen hood exhaust lighting waterfall pumps escalators parking garage ventilation elevators kitchen cooking and refrigeration heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) lighting exempt from the lighting power allowance computers laundry washing and drying service water heating for domestic or space heating purposes

30. Complete the table below for the ASHRAE Standard 90.1 – 2007:

Section 5

 

Section 6

 

Section 7

 

Section 8

 

Section 9

 

Section 10

 

Section 11

 

Appendix G

 

31.

is

a governmentindustry partnership managed by the U.S. Environmental

 

Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of can establish energy performance goals for a project. It uses data such as

is an online tool that and building

type to calculate the estimated total energy use for the building, and then it assigns an energy performance

rating on a scale of

to

32.

For projects following the prescriptive compliance method, ASHRAE Standard 90.1 2007, window area must

be less than roof area.

of the gross wall area, and the skylight area must be less than

of the gross

33.

ASHRAE Standard 90.1 – 2007 Section 9. Lighting Requirements mandatory provisions requires occupancy controls in what areas?

1.

3.

2.

4.

34.

Lighting power calculations for performancebased compliance methods must use either the or the

method.

35.

EAP3 Fundamental Refrigerant management requires:

 

NC, Schools & CS use of

 

based refrigerants in new base building

heating, ventilating, air conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems. When reusing existing base

building HVAC equipment, complete a comprehensive

phase out conversion prior to

 

Phaseout plans extending beyond the

date

 

will be considered on their merits.

 

36.

ODP is an acronym for

37. GWP is an acronym for

38. Choose refrigerants that have values.

39. List three natural refrigerants:

1.

2.

3.

environmental lifetimes,

ODP values, and

GWP

40. Of the three most common refrigerants: CFCs, HCFCs, and HFCs which of these has no ODP?

41. The replacement or conversion of a chiller is considered not economically feasible if the simple payback of

the replacement or conversion will be longer than

years.

42. EAC1 Optimize Energy Performance Identify the three options and the points possible for each:

Option 1

NC

CS

Option 2

 

Option 3

 

Option 1 WBES Projects following Option 1 must calculate the baseline building performance according to

(with

errata but without addenda)

using a computer simulation model for the whole building project.

Complete the energy cost savings table for EAC1 Option 1:

New Buildings Existing Building Renovations Points (NC & Schools) Points (CS)
New Buildings
Existing Building Renovations
Points (NC & Schools)
Points (CS)

Projects in California may use Standard 90.1 2007 for Option 1.

, Part 6 in place of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA

EAC1 Optimize Energy Performance

Option 2. Prescriptive Compliance Path: ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide (1 point) Complete the following requirements for NC & CS:

PATH 1. ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings 2004 requires:

1.

2.

3.

PATH 2. ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings 2006 requires:

1.

2.

3.

PATH 3. ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Warehouses and Self Storage Buildings 2008 requires:

1.

2.

3.

Option 2. Prescriptive Compliance Path: ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guide (1 point) Complete the following requirements for Schools:

1.

2.

EAC1 Optimize Energy Performance

Option 3. Prescriptive Compliance Path: Advanced Buildings™ Core Performance™ Guide (1–3 points) The building must meet the following requirements:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Points achieved under Option 3 (1 point):

1 point is available for all projects (

projects) Core Performance Guide.

less than

,

square

and

, , feet that comply with Sections 1 and 2 of the

Up to 2 additional points are available to projects that implement performance strategies listed in Section 3:

Enhanced Performance. For every 3 strategies implemented from this section, 1 point is available. The following strategies are addressed by other aspects of LEED and are not eligible for additional points under EA Credit 1:

3.1

3.8

3.13

43. Energy consumption for the building can be reduced by ensuring that the project exceeds the building code

requirements for

,

, and

systems.

44. Option 1 of EA Prerequisite 2 and EA Credit 1 for LEED for New Construction, Schools, and Core & Shell

requires documentation of a percentage savings in energy

45. For EA Credit 1, Option 1, LEED relies extensively on the in

using the (the performance rating method).

explained

46. Projects following EAC1 Option 1 can determine annual energy costs using what rates?

1.

2.

47. List the four fundamental strategies that can increase energy performance;

1.

2.

3.

4.

48. Projects following Option 1 can earn exemplary performance points for what percentage of energy cost savings?

New Building:

Existing Building Renovation:

49. Complete the following tables for EAC2 OnSite Renewable Energy:

NC & School

Percentage Renewable Energy

Points

CS

Percentage Renewable Energy

Points

50. List the OnSite renewable Energy Systems Eligible for EAC2:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

51. List the Eligible biofuels:

1.

2.

3.

4.

52. List the OnSite renewable Energy Systems Ineligible for EAC2:

1.

2.

3.

4.

53. List the ineligible biofuels:

1.

2.

3.

4.

54. EAC2 On Site Renewable Energy Exemplary Performance NC & Schools Projects can earn credit for exemplary performance by showing that on site renewable energy accounts for or more of the annual building energy cost.

CS Projects can earn credit for exemplary performance by showing that on site renewable energy accounts for or more of the annual building energy cost.

55. List the Commissioning Activities for EAP1 & EAC3. Indicate with an asterisk the activities that are EAC3 Only and circle the activities that the CxA MUST do himself:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

56. EAC4 Enhanced Refrigerant management requires:

NC, Schools & CS Option 1.

OR Option 2. LCGWP + LCODP x 10 5

57. What are the defaults for the following variables used to calculate the Refrigerant Atmospheric Impact? Lr: Refrigerant Leakage Rate Mr: End of life Refrigerant Loss Rc: Refrigerant Charge Life: Equipment Life

58. Portable cooling equipment (such as standard refrigerators), temporary cooling equipment, and equipment

with less than calculations for EAC4.

pound of refrigerant (such as small water coolers) may be excluded from the

59. EAC4 requires that all firesuppression systems used for the project do not contain ozonedepleting

substances such as

,

, or

60. Under the Montreal Protocol, an international treaty ratified in 1989, refrigerants with nonzero ODP will be

phased out by 2030 in developed countries. This includes

and

refrigerants.

61. When performing the calculation for EAC4 what information is needed for each unit of base building HVAC&R equipment?

1.

2.

3.

62. Projects can assume equipment life as follows (from 2007 ASHRAE Applications Handbook):

Window air conditioning units and heat pumps,

Unitary, split, and packaged air conditioning units and heat pumps,

Reciprocating compressors, scroll compressors, and reciprocating chillers,

Absorption chillers,

Watercooled packaged air conditioners,

Centrifugal chillers,

years.

years.

years.

years.

years.

years.

63. An office project is installing new HVAC R equipment. The main cooling system will be (2) 200 ton centrifugal Chillers with HCFC 123 and Rc = 1.63 lb/ton. The computer room air conditioning unit will be (1) 10 ton packaged air conditioning unit with HCFC 22 and Rc = 2.3 lb/ton. The manufacturer has also provided a guarantee that the unit has less than 1% per year leakage.

Calculate the Average Refrigerate Atmospheric Impact. Does this office project comply with EA Credit 4?

Calculate the Average Refrigerate Atmospheric Impact. Does this office project comply with EA Credit 4?

64. EAC5 Measurement and Verification requires:

NC & Schools Option 1

Develop and implement a measurement and verification (M&V) plan consistent with Option D:

(IPMVP)

The M&V period must cover at least

of post construction occupancy.

OR

Option 2

Develop and implement a measurement and verification (M&V) plan consistent with Option B:

(IPMVP)

The M&V period must cover at least

of post construction occupancy.

65. EAC5.1 & EAC5.2 pertain to CS projects. Complete the following:

EAC5.1 Measurement and Verification EAC5.2 Measurement and Verification

66. The cost of an M&V program must be balanced against the potential performance risk. A simple method of estimating performance risk can be based on the project value and technical uncertainty. Complete the Following Table Calculation of Performance Risk:

Project

Anticipated Annual Energy Costs

Estimated Savings

Estimated

Performance Risk

Uncertainty

Small

$250,000

$50,000

20%

 

Large

$2,000,000

$500,000

30%

 

67. EAC6 Green power requires:

NC, Schools & CS Engage in at least a

electricity from renewable sources, as defined by the Center for Resource Solutions’

product certification requirements.

renewable energy contract to provide at least

of the building’s Energy

All purchases of green power shall be based on the quantity of energy consumed, not the cost.

68. List two ways to determine or estimate the project’s baseline electricity use:

1.

2.

69. EAC6 Green Power requires that the renewable energy used for the building and its site be certified as green

Energy program or its equivalent.

by the

70. List the three approaches for achieving EAC6 Green Power:

1.

2.

3.

71. For EAC6 Green Power exemplary performance is available to projects that purchase electricity from renewable sources.

of their

72. A new construction office building in Chico, CA followed Option 1 for EA Credit 1. The results are given below.

Baseline Building Performance

Proposed Building Performance

Energy Type

Energy Cost [$ / YR]

Energy Type

Energy Cost [$ / YR]

Electricity

$203,720

Electricity

$167,500

Natural Gas

$6,800

Natural Gas

$4,300

Total Process Energy Cost = $56,000 / YR

 

Determine the Buildings Percentage Improvement. How many points would this project earn for EA Credit 1?

As the LEED AP you explain to the owner that an additional point could be achieved by installing a Site Generated Renewable (REC) energy system. How many dollars annually would the REC have to produce to achieve the additional Exceptional Calculation Method Savings to earn the additional point?

73. Energy modeling for a new LEED NC project calculated the baseline electricity use for the project to be 1,750,000 kWh/yr and a design electricity use of 1,250,000 kWh/yr. What is the required Greene Certified Green Power quantity (or RECs) the project will need to purchase to earn EAC6

74. A new LEED NC 35,000 SF office building did not perform an energy model for EAC1 Optimize Energy Performance. What is the required Greene Certified Green Power quantity (or RECs) the project will need to purchase to earn EAC6?