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9A.

4 Design Parameters

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International Codes

Indian Codes - Concrete Design per IS456


9A.4 Design Parameters
The program contains a number of parameters which are needed to perform design as per IS:456(2000). Default parameter values have been selected such that they are frequently used numbers for conventional design requirements. These values may be changed to suit the particular design being performed. Table 8A.1 of this manual contains a complete list of the available parameters and their default values. It is necessary to declare length and force units as Millimeter and Newton before performing the concrete design. Once a parameter is specified, its value stays at that specified number till it is specified again. This is the way STAAD works for all codes. Table 9A.1 - Indian Concrete Design IS456 Parameters Parameter Default Description Name Value FYMAIN 415 N/mm2 Yield Stress for main reinforcing steel. FYSEC 415 N/mm2 Yield Stress for secondary reinforcing steel. FC CLEAR MINMAIN MAXMAIN MINSEC MAXSEC BRACING 30 N/mm2 Concrete Yield Stress. 25 mm For beam members. 40 mm 10 mm 60 mm 8 mm 12 mm 0.0 For column members Minimum main reinforcement bar size. Maximum main reinforcement bar size. Minimum secondary reinforcement bar size. Maximum secondary reinforcement bar size. BEAM DESIGN A value of 1.0 means the effect of axial force will be taken into account for beam design. COLUMN DESIGN correspond to the terms "Braced" and "Unbraced" described in Notes 1, 2, and 3 of Clause 39.7.1 of IS456:2000.

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9A.4 Design Parameters

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A value of 1.0 means the column is unbraced about major axis. A value of 2.0 means the column is unbraced about minor axis. A value of 3.0 means the column is unbraced about both axis. Maximum percentage of longitudinal reinforcement in columns. A value of 4.0 means longitudinal reinforcement in column is arranged equally along 4 faces. A value of 2.0 invokes 2 faced distribution about major axis. A value of 3.0 invokes 2 faced distribution about minor axis. Width to be used for design. This value defaults to ZD as provided under MEMBER PROPERTIES. Total depth to be used for design. This value defaults to YD as provided under MEMBER PROPERTIES. BEAM DESIGN: For TRACK = 0.0, output consists of reinforcement details at START, MIDDLE and END. For TRACK = 1.0, critical moments are printed in addition to TRACK 0.0 output. For TRACK = 2.0, required steel for intermediate sections defined by NSECTION are printed in addition to TRACK 1.0 output. COLUMN DESIGN: With TRACK = 0.0, reinforcement details are printed. With TRACK = 1.0, column interaction analysis results are printed in addition to TRACK 0.0 output. With TRACK = 2.0, a schematic interaction diagram and intermediate interaction values are printed in addition to TRACK 1.0 output.

RATIO RFACE

4.0 4.0

WIDTH DEPTH TRACK

ZD YD 0.0

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9A.4 Design Parameters

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REINF ELZ ELY ULY ULZ TORSION

0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0

With TRACK = 9.0, the details of section capacity calculations are printed. Tied column. A value of 1.0 will mean spiral reinforcement. Ratio of effective length to actual length of column about major axis. See Note 2 below. Ratio of effective length to actual length of column about minor axis. See Note 2 below. Ratio of unsupported length to actual length of column about minor axis. See Note 3 below. Ratio of unsupported length to actual length of column about major axis. See Note 3 below. A value of 0.0 means torsion to be considered in beam design. A value of 1.0 means torsion to be neglected in beam design. Minimum clear distance between main reinforcing bars in beam and column. For column centre to centre distance between main bars cannot exceed 300mm. Face of support location at start of beam. It is used to check against shear at the face of the support in beam design. The parameter can also be used to check against shear at any point from the start of the member. Face of support location at end of beam. The parameter can also be used to check against shear at any point from the end of the member. (Note: Both SFACE and EFACE are input as positive numbers). Perform shear check against enhanced shear strength as per Cl. 40.5 of IS456:2000. ENSH = 1.0 means ordinary shear check to be performed ( no enhancement of shear strength at sections close to support) For ENSH = a positive value(say x ), shear strength will be enhanced up to a distance x from the start of the member. This is used only when a span of a beam is

SPSMAIN

25 mm

SFACE

0.0

EFACE

0.0

ENSH

0.0

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subdivided into two or more parts. (Refer note ) For ENSH = a negative value(say y), shear strength will be enhanced up to a distance y from the end of the member. This is used only when a span of a beam is subdivided into two or more parts.(Refer note) If default value (0.0) is used the program will calculate Length to Overall Depth ratio. If this ratio is greater than 2.5, shear strength will be enhanced at sections (<2d) close to support otherwise ordinary shear check will be performed. Distance of the start or end point of the member from its nearest support. This parameter is used only when a span of a beam is subdivided into two or more parts. (Refer note)

RENSH

0.0

Notes
1. Bar combination has been introduced for detailing. Please refer section 9A.8 for details. 2. ELY and ELZ parameters are used to calculate effective length of column to find whether it is a short or long column. Please refer CL 25.1.2 of IS456:2000. In CL 25.1.2 of IS456:2000, you will find two terms called lex and ley. STAAD calculates a. lex as ELZ multiplied by the member length (distance between the 2 nodes of the member) of the member) For the term "D" in CL 25.1.2 of IS456:2000, STAAD uses the YD dimension of the column. For the term "b" in CL 25.1.2 of IS456:2000, STAAD uses the ZD dimension of the column. 3. ULY and ULZ parameters are used to calculate unsupported length of column to find minimum eccentricity. Please refer CL 25.4 of IS456:2000. In CL 25.4 of IS456:2000, you will find an expression "unsupported length of column". This term is calculated as ULZ multiplied by the member length for the Z axis b. ley as ELY multiplied by the member length (distance between the 2 nodes

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ULY multiplied by the member length for the Y axis 4. Value of ENSH parameter (other than 0.0 and 1.0) is used only when the span of a beam is subdivided into two or more parts. When this condition is aroused RENSH parameter is also to be used.

The span of the beam is subdivided four parts, each of length L meter. The shear strength will be enhanced up to X meter from both supports. The input should be the following: Steps: i. ENSH L MEMB 1 => Shear strength will be enhanced throughout the length of the member 1, positive sign indicates length measured from start of the member ii. ENSH (X-L) MEMB 2 => Shear strength will be enhanced up to a length (XL) of the member 2, length measured from the start of the member iii. ENSH L MEMB 4 => Shear strength will be enhanced throughout the length of the member 4, negative sign indicates length measured from end of the member iv. ENSH (X-L) MEMB 3 => Shear strength will be enhanced up to a length (X-L) of the member 3, length measured from the end of the member v. RENSH L MEMB 2 3 => Nearest support lies at a distance L from both the members 2 and 3. vi. DESIGN BEAM 1 TO 4=> This will enhance the shear strength up to length X from both ends of the beam consisting of members 1 to 4 and gives spacing accordingly. At section = y1 from start of member 1 av = y1 At section = y2 from the start of member 2 av = y2+L At section = y3 from the end of member 3 av = y3+L At section = y4 from end of member 4 av = y4 where c, enhanced = 2d c/av At section 0.0, av becomes zero. Thus enhanced shear strength will become infinity. However for any section shear stress cannot exceed c, max. Hence enhanced shear strength is limited to a maximum value of c, max.
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