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CHEM 102 Winter 11 Final Exam (a)

On the answer sheet (scantron) write your Name, Student ID Number, and Lab Section Number. Choose the best (most correct) answer for each question AND ENTER IT ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET. Potentially useful information: G = H T S C = C0 kt ln(C) = ln(C0) kt G = G + RT ln Q 1/C 1/C0 = kt G = - RT ln K
x= b b2 4 a c 2a

G = -nFE
E = E RT ln Q nF

pH = pK a + log

[base] [acid ]

R = 8.314 J mol-1 K-1


1. Please choose the letter a as your answer for this question.

F = 96500 C/mol

2. Which alkane has the lowest boiling point? a. ethane b. propane c. butane d. hexane e. octane 3. The compound 3,3dimethylhexane is an isomer of: a. hexane b. decane c. heptane d. octane e. nonane 4. What is the name of the following molecule?

O CH3 CH2 CH C O CH2 CH3 CH3


a. b. c. d. e. 2-methyl-butyl acetate ethyl-3-methyl butanoic acid ethyl pentanoate ethyl-2-methyl butanoate ethyl-1-methyl propionate

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5. Assume all hydrocarbons given are linear. Which compound will not contain a multiple bond? a. C2H4 b. C3H4 c. C6H14 d. C8H16 e. C9H18 6. Which of the following compounds can exhibit cis-trans isomerism? a. CH2=CH2 b. CH3CH3 c. H2C=O d. ClHC=CHBr e. Cl2C=CH2 7. Consider the carbon skeleton shown below. To form a primary alcohol, the functional group can be bonded to which carbon atom(s)?

a. b. c. d. e.

4 2 or 6 3, 5, or 6 1, 2, or 7 any of them

8. Monomers used to produce addition polymers usually contain _____ in their molecular structure. a. sulfur atoms b. double bonds c. benzene rings d. branched carbon chains e. two or more different functional groups 9. Which of the following statements about the vapor pressure of a liquid is true? a. Vapor pressure decreases linearly with increasing temperature. b. Vapor pressure is totally unrelated to its molecular structure. c. Vapor pressure and volatility are inversely proportional. d. Low vapor pressures are due to weak intermolecular forces. e. Higher vapor pressures are associated with lower boiling points. 10. Which group includes only exothermic processes? a. freezing, vaporization, deposition b. freezing, condensation, deposition c. melting, condensation, deposition d. melting, evaporation, sublimation e. melting, condensation, sublimation

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The following question refers to the graph below.

11. The temperature at point b is the a. melting point. b. triple point. c. absolute freezing point. d. normal freezing point. e. normal boiling point. 12. In a reaction that is first-order with respect to reactant A and second-order with respect to reactant B, the rate of the reaction a. doubles with a doubling of the concentration of either reactant. b. doubles with a doubling of the concentration of B. c. is halved by a doubling of the concentration of B. d. is tripled by any equal and simultaneous increase in the concentration of A and B. e. quadrupled by a doubling in the concentration of B while the concentration of A is held constant. 13. The rate law for a given reaction is rate = k[reactant]2, with k = 2.64 104 M1 min1. If the initial concentration is 0.0250 M, what is the initial rate, with the correct units? a. 4.36 1011 M min1 b. 1.65 107 min1 c. 6.60 106 M min1 d. 1.65 107 M min1 e. 6.60 106 min1 14. For a new chemical reaction involving several reactants, the order of reaction with respect to each reactant a. is easily determined from reactions similar to the one in question. b. may be determined from the coefficient for the respective reactant in the balanced chemical equation. c. must be determined from the rate constant at time = 0. d. must be determined from the overall order of the reaction. e. must be determined experimentally using one or more methods.

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15. The initial concentration of reactant in a first-order reaction is 0.28 M. The rate constant for the reaction is 0.75 s-1. What is the concentration of reactant after 1.85 s? a. 0.28 M b. 0.92 M c. 0.14 M d. 0.11 M e. 0.07 M 16. Consider the reaction with the mechanism shown: 2NO N2O2 N2O2 + H2 N2O + H2O N2O + H2 N2 + H2O

fast slow slow

The intermediates in this reaction are a. N2O2 and N2O. b. N2O2 and H2. c. H2 only. d. N2 and H2O. e. There are no intermediates in this reaction.
17. Which of the following statements is/are true concerning catalysts? I. Catalysts are not part of the balanced overall reaction. II. Catalysts are formed during an early step in a reaction and consumed in a later step. III. Catalysts increase the activation energy for a reaction. a. b. c. d. e. I only. II only. III only. I and II. I and III.

18. Which of the following factors does not increase the rate of a chemical reaction? a. decreasing the activation energy barrier b. decreasing the temperature of an endothermic reaction c. adding a catalyst d. increasing the surface area of a phase interface e. increasing the concentration of reactants 19. A chemical reaction reaches equilibrium when a. both the forward and reverse reactions stop. b. the forward and reverse reactions both occur at the same rate. c. all of the limiting reactant has been used up. d. all of the limiting reactant has been used up and all of the limiting product has been created. e. the actual yield of the reaction equals the theoretical yield.

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20. What is the equilibrium constant expression for the reaction given below? 4 NH3(g) + 5 O2(g) 4 NO(g) + 6 H2O(g) a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

21. The equilibrium constant for the reaction NO(g) + 1/2 O2(g) NO2(g) has a value of Kc = 1.23 at a certain temperature. What is the value of Kc for the reaction 2 NO2(g) 2 NO(g) + O2(g)? a. b. c. d. e. 2.46 1.51 0.66 0.41 1.51

22. Consider the equilibrium reaction 2N2(g) + O2(g) 2N2O(g) In a particular experiment, the equilibrium concentration of N2 is 0.048 M, of O2, 0.093 M, and of N2O, 6.55 1021 M. What is the value of the equilibrium constant Kc? a. 1.5 1018 b. 2.0 1037 c. 2.2 1036 d. 3.1 1017 e. 5.0 1036

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23. A solution is prepared by diluting 0.10 mol formic acid (HCO2H) with water to a volume of 1.0 L. At equilibrium, the H3O+ concentration is 4.2 10-3 M. What is the equilibrium constant for the dissociation of formic acid in water? HCO2H(aq) + H2O(l) HCO2-(aq) + H3O+(aq) a. b. c. d. e. 5.4 103 4.2 10-2 2.4 101 1.8 10-6 1.8 10-4

24. To decide whether a reaction mixture is at equilibium, a student determines the value of Q, the reaction quotient, and finds that it is less than K. Therefore, the mixture is a. at equilibrium, since there is as much reaction as required. b. not at equilibrium, and will react to the right, to increase the amounts of products. c. not at equilibrium, and will react to the left, to increase the amounts of reactants. d. not at equilibrium, and will react to the right, to decrease the amounts of products. e. not at equilibrium, and will react to the left, to decrease the amounts of reactants. 25. For the reaction 2A 3B Kc = 1.37. If the concentrations of A and B are equal, what is the value of that concentration? a. 0.685 M b. 0.822 M c. 1.17 M d. 1.37 M e. 1.88 M 26. An endothermic reaction that results in an increase in moles of gas will be most product-favored under conditions of _____ pressure and _____ temperature. a. high; high b. high; moderate c. high; low d. low; high e. low; low 27. A solution with solute concentration equal to the solubility is said to be _____; _____ solute will dissolve in such a solution. a. undersaturated; more b. undersaturated; no more c. saturated; more d. saturated; no more e. supersaturated; more

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28. Which of the following does not act as a Bronsted-Lowry base in an aqueous solution? a. HPO42 b. H2O c. NH4+ d. PO43 e. (CH3)2NH 29. Which of the following is not a conjugate acid-base pair? a. CH3COOH and CH3COO b. CH3NH3+ and CH3NH2 c. H2SO4 and SO42 d. HPO42 and PO43 e. HCOOH and HCOO 30. In a 1.2 M solution of HClO4, a strong acid, pH = _____, and pOH = _____. a. 7; 7 b. 14.1; 14 c. 14.1; -0.08 d. -0.08; 14.1 e. -0.08; -0.08 31. The larger the value of Ka a. the less highly dissociated the acid and the weaker the acid. b. the less highly dissociated the acid and the stronger the acid. c. the more highly dissociated the acid and the weaker the acid. d. the more highly dissociated the acid and the stronger the acid. e. none of these choices are correct 32. The pH of a 0.172 M solution of benzoic acid (pKa = 4.20) is a. 2.48. b. 3.44. c. 4.37. d. 4.96. e. 5.63. 33. To make a buffer using acetic acid one would add a. carbonic acid. b. sodium acetate. c. sodium chloride. d. ammonium chloride. e. ammonium phosphate. 34. If a buffer is made up using 1.0 mole of a weak acid (pKa = 5.0) and 0.90 mole of its conjugate base, which of the following must be true? a. pH < 5.0 b. pH = 5.0 c. pH > 5.0 d. pH = 7.0 e. pH > 7.0

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35. What volume of 0.1233 M NaOH is needed to neutralize a 25.00 mL sample of 0.1007 M HCl? a. 30.61 mL b. 45.42 mL c. 49.67 mL d. 20.42 mL e. 496.7 mL 36. The Ksp expression for zinc hydroxide, Zn(OH)2 is a. [Zn2+][2OH]2. b. [2Zn2+][OH]. c. [Zn2+][OH]2. d. [2Zn2+][2OH]2. e. [Zn2+][2OH]. 37. The solubility of manganese (II) hydroxide (Mn(OH)2) is 2.2 10-5 M. What is the Ksp of Mn(OH)2? a. 1.1 10-14 b. 4.3 10-14 c. 2.1 10-14 d. 4.8 10-10 e. 2.2 10-5 38. What is the molar solubility of PbCl2 in a solution containing 0.020 M Cl(aq)? The Ksp for PbCl2 is 1.6 105? a. 6.4 10-9 M b. 3.2 10-7 M c. 8.0 10-4 M d. 4.0 10-3 M e. 4.0 10-2 M 39. Which has the highest entropy at a given temperature? a. HCl (l) b. HI (s) c. HCl (g) d. HBr (g) e. HI (g) 40. The combustion of acetylene in the presence of excess oxygen yields carbon dioxide and water: 2C2H2 (g) + 5O2 (g) 4CO2 (g) + 2H2O (l) Calculate the value of S for this reaction. At 25C the values of entropy in J K1 mol1 are acetylene, 200.8; oxygen, 205.0; carbon dioxide, 213.6; and water, 69.9. a. +689.3 J K1 mol1 b. +122.3 J K1 mol1 c. +432.4 J K1 mol1 d. -122.3 J K1 mol1 e. -432.4 J K1 mol1

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41. At constant T and P, in which of the following situations will the reaction be product-favored at high temperature but not at low temperature? a. H > 0 and S < 0 b. H > 0 and S > 0 c. H < 0 and S < 0 d. H < 0 and S > 0 e. none of these choices 42. The value of the equilibrium constant for a reaction is 5.2 108 at 65C. Calculate the value of Grxn at this temperature. a. +47.2 kJ b. +9.06 kJ c. 9.06 kJ d. +20.5 kJ e. 16.8 kJ 43. What is the oxidizing agent in the reaction below? Cr2O72- + 6S2O32- + 14H+ ? 2Cr3+ + 3S4O62- + 7H2O Cr2O72S2O32H+ Cr3+ S4O62-

a. b. c. d. e.

44. What is the half-reaction occurring at the anode in the balanced reaction shown below? 3MnO4 (aq) + 24H+ (aq) + 5Fe (s) 3Mn2+ (aq) + 5Fe3+ (aq) + 12H2O (l) a. b. c. d. e. MnO4 (aq) + 8H+ (aq) + 5e Mn2+ (aq) + 4H2O (l) 2MnO4 (aq) + 12H+ (aq) + 6e 2Mn2+ (aq) + 3 H2O (l) Fe (s) Fe3+ (aq) + 3e 4H+ (aq) + O2 (g) + 2e 2H2O (aq) Fe3+ (aq) + 3e Fe (s)

45. All of the following statements concerning voltaic cells are true, except for a. a voltaic cell consists of two half-cells. b. a voltaic cell can serve as an energy source. c. electrons flow towards the anode. d. the two half-cells in a voltaic cell are connected by a salt bridge. e. reduction occurs at the cathode in a voltaic cell. 46. What is the correct cell notation based upon the product-favored reaction below? 2 Ag+(aq) + Sn(s) 2 Ag(s) + Sn2+(aq) a. Ag(s) | Ag+(aq), Sn2+(aq) | Sn(s) b. Ag | Ag+(aq) || Sn2+(aq) | Sn(s) c. Ag+(aq) | Ag(s) || Sn(s) | Sn2+(aq) d. Sn(s) | Sn2+(aq) || Ag+(aq) | Ag e. Sn(s) || Sn2+(aq) | Ag+(aq) || Ag(s)

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Use this list of half-reactions to answer the following question.


MnO4(aq) + 8H+(aq) + 5e Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O(l) Cr2O72(aq) + 6e 2Cr3+(aq) + 7H2O(l) Cu2+(aq) + 2e Cu(s) Pb2+(aq) + 2e Pb(s) Fe2+(aq) + 2e Fe(s) Al3+(aq) + 3e Al(s) +1.51 V +1.33 V +0.34 V 0.13 V 0.44 V 1.66 V

47. Which of these combinations would result in a spontaneous reaction? a. Al3+(aq) and Cr3+(aq) b. Al3+(aq) and Cu(s) c. Cr2O72(aq) and Mn2+(aq) d. Cu(s) and MnO4(aq) e. Pb(s) and Fe2+(aq) 48. The value of Ecell for an aluminum-nickel electrochemical cell is +1.41 V at 25C. Calculate the value of G for this cell under standard conditions. a. 816 kJ b. 680 kJ c. 272 kJ d. +403 kJ e. +680 kJ 49. The standard cell potential (Ecell) for the reaction below is +1.10 V. What is the cell potential (Ecell) for this reaction when the concentration of [Cu2+] = 1.0 10-5 M and [Zn2+] = 1.0 M? Zn (s) + Cu2+ (aq) Cu (s) + Zn2+ (aq) 1.40 V 1.25 V 0.95 V 0.80 V 1.10 V

a. b. c. d. e.

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chem102w11_examfinala Answer Section


MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: A A D D C D D B E B E E D E E A A B B A C B E B D D D C C D D A B A D C B E E E B PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

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42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49.

ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS:

A A C C D D A C

PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS:

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

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