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National Institute of Fashion Technology Hyderabad

Export Merchandising

Power Looms:
Manufacturers and Suppliers

Submitted to Mr G.H.S Prasad Associate Professor FMS Department NIFT, Hyderabad

Submitted by Akshay Hyanki Poonam Surbhi Jain

NIFT Hyderabad

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Contents
Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 3 Waffles weave fabric..................................................................................................................................... 4 Twill weaves fabric ........................................................................................................................................ 8 Dobby weave fabric .................................................................................................................................... 12 Seer sucker fabric ........................................................................................................................................ 15 Plain weave ................................................................................................................................................. 18 Jacquard fabric ............................................................................................................................................ 22

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Introduction
POWERLOOM TEXTILES: The Indian textiles, renowned for their fineness and captivating colours for ages beyond 5000 years, have attracted connoisseurs, from all parts of the world. The textiles of India bear the imprint of the fine craftsmanship of the Indian weaver. The skill of weaving with deft fingers, drawing patterns and creating designs, is an art which has been handed down through generations from father to son, from time immemorial. These finest gossamer fabrics woven from yarns of superior finish are now being manufactured more and more on powerlooms.

The emergence of powerloom has transformed an art into a modern industry, producing around 19,000 million meters of fabrics annually and employing over 7 million of workers. The combination of traditional art and contemporary modern designs, has given a unique character to the Indian powerloom textiles.

The modernisation process undertaken by the powerloom industry has widened the scope of products such as grey, printed and dyed fabrics and cotton made-ups in a variety of sophisticated finishes and in a wide range of widths and sizes. Besides, the industry is now in a position to offer fabrics not only of cottons but also of rich blends of cotton, synthetics and other fibers. The process of economic liberalisation, has enabled the industry to become globally competitive, not only in terms of price , but also of quality.

It is therefore no surprise that powerloom textiles worth more than Rs. 44,000 million have been exported to all the four corners of the world, covering not only the developed but also developing countries. U.S.A., France, Germany, Bangladesh, Hongkong, Italy, etc., have been our major markets, indicating the directional pattern of exports. The discerning buyers of these countries prefer Indian textiles, as these meet their requirements, wether it be in texture, finish, weave, variety, quality, price, width & size, count & construction, weight, specifications.

The range of products offered are many splendoured, right from greys to finished fabrics and to made-ups.
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Waffles weave fabric


Waffle weave fabric is a woven fabric with a recessed square pattern. The raised edges around the recessed squares give the pattern the look of the breakfast food called waffles. Waffle weave fabric is available in different gauges from very fine to medium to coarse. Fine gauge waffle weave material contains tiny squares and the fabric is usually lightweight. This type of waffle weave often makes fast-drying dishcloths or dishtowels and also works well for a summer weight bathrobe. Medium gauge waffle weave fabric is commonly used in all types of towels. Coarse or large gauge waffle weave material makes very luxurious plush towels or bathrobes.

Manufacturers and suppliers of Waffle-weave fabric: Zhejiang Kingtex Co Ltd (CHINA): Business Type Distributor Exporter Importer Manufacturer Trading Company Year Established 1980 No. of Total Staff 1,000 to 1,499 Lead time: 30 to 50 days
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Capital US$10,000,000 to 14,999,999

Primary Competitive Advantages Experienced R&D Department Reliability Reputation

Price Range: Rs. 150 to 1300/ meter


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Current Export Markets Eastern Europe North America Mid East/Africa Central/South America Asia Western Europe Australasia No. of R&D Staff 10 to 19 No. of Engineers 5 to 9 Product Range Cotton, T/C, ramie, wool cashmere yarns and fabrics, in gray, bleached, dyed and printed Sand-washed cup ammonium fabrics, sewing accessories such as elastic bands, lace bands, zippers, polyester sewing thread and embroidery thread, home textiles of cotton, various kinds of bedding articles, bath towels, face towels and hand towels, tea towels, also handkerchiefs, scarves, socks, aprons and gloves, garments for men, women and children, made of cotton, linen, polyester, wool, silk and blended fabrics. Fabrics made of above materials, with coating, such as down garments, jeans garments, windproof garments, rain proof garments and all kinds of leather or imitation leather garments. Quality control: QC/Technical Support There is best quality control system together with experienced technicians and advanced instruments. QC Staff 5 to 9 Procedures/testing Details Investigate producers; check raw materials before mass production; specialists involved in whole process; 50 - 100% bulk inspection before delivery

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Lee yaw textile company ltd. (Taiwan) Business Type Exporter Manufacturer Trading Company Export Percentage 100 percent Capital US$600,000 to 699,999 Primary Competitive Advantages Experienced R&D Department OEM Capability Reliability Reputation Buyer's Specifications Accepted QC Responsibility subcontractor Total Annual Sales US$10,000,000 to 14,999,999 No. of Total Staff 40 to 59 Year Established 1982 Number of Subcontractors 30 Lead time 45 to 60 days

Current Export Markets North America Mid East/Africa Asia Western Europe

OEM Services Provided Yes Production Type Subcontracted No. of R&D Staff 10 to 19 No. of Engineers 20 to 29 Monthly Capacity 600,000 to 699,999 Kilogram Major Customers Walmart Target J.C. Penney Sears Kohl's

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Quality control: QC/Technical Support Quality control is one of the most important aspects to be maintained in a manufacturing business. QC inspection is done partially in-house and in partnership with other subcontractors. Proficient, skillful and responsible technicians and production staff are given training to perform quality control analysis. They are trained by other agencies. QC Staff: 10 to 199 Procedures/testing Details Customers can provide their sample design or product. After receiving the layout, our staff will analyze the fabric composition, type, feel and, color. Thereafter, we will produce a counter sample, which exactly meets all specifications stipulated. When confirmation is made and before production begins, all raw materials are inspected. In each production stage, fabrics are checked at random for holes, stains, dimensions, color deviation, fastness and others, thus minimizing defect and error possibility. An independent QC contractor also conducts inspection. Other Information The grade of the product is vital and crucial, therefore strict methods are implemented in each process. Random checking is also performed to assure excellence. Finally, pre-packing inspection is done to guarantee defect-free products.

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Twill weaves fabric


Twill weave is characterized by the effect of parallel diagonal ribs formed left-to-right or rightto-left. It is created by the interlacing of 2 or 3 warp threads over 1 or 2 filling thread in alternate rows. The resulting fabric is more pliable and drape able than the plain or basket weave but less pliable than satin. Twill weave which has more warps than the wefts floating on the face of the fabric is called warp faced and those with wefts predominating is known as weft faced. Characteristics of Twill Weave It has fewer interlacing than plain weave. It is durable and heavier. It is wrinkle resistant. It is resistant to showing soil and soiling. The twill direction is defined as left or right hand or variation. It is more raveling than plain weave. It is more pliable drape and hand than plain weave.

Top 5 twill weave fabric selling countries: China Pakistan India Taiwan Indonesia
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NIFT Hyderabad

V.N. Dyers & Processors Private Limited

Year of establishment: 1993 Products manufactured and exported: Twill Weave Fabric, polyester Viscose Fabrics, woven Fabrics, Polyester Fabrics, Polyester Cotton Fabrics. It also manufactures customized fabrics like polyester spun yarn, spun yarn, & polyester viscose yarn for export purpose, based on the requirement of different nations specified by our customers. Buyers: Institutional Selling: Ready Made Garment Converters School Uniform Manufacturers Hospitals & Hotels Exporters Any other specific and individual requirements Para Military Railways Postal & Telegraph Department State Police Quality control V. N. Dyers & Processors Pvt. Ltd. has a full-fledged testing laboratory, to test the fabrics strength, shrinkage, color fastness and other similar things. It also has a quality control department where quality of raw materials as well as finished goods is tested. Some quality control equipment used by V. N. Dyers and Processors are listed below: PH Meter Wash Fastness Tester Perspiration Fastness Tester Rubbing Fastness Tester Computer Color Matching Electronic Balance Hot Air Oven Grey Scales
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Crease Recovery Tester Wrinkle Recovery Tester Quanzhou Helun Knitting & Weaving Co. Ltd. (China) Quanzhou Helun Knitting & Weaving Co. Ltd. was established in 2001. This company has successfully developed and is presently manufacturing many elastic fabric like cotton / spandex, polyester/spandex, TC/spandex, CVC/spandex, viscose/spandex, rayon/spandex, modal/spandex, tencel/spandex, nylon/spandex, supplex /spandex, tactel/spandex, coolmax fabric, PTT fabric, bamboo fiber fabric. The products are the best basic fabrics for fashion, sportswear, leisurewear, underwear, swimwear, gym wear, yogi wear and are designed into various styles and structures in forms of jersey, rib, pique, French terry, soft velvet to lead the market tendency and to meet customers requirements. Nature Of Company : Private Limited Sales Turnover: N.A. Year established: 2001 No. of employees: 100 Products: Chemical Fabric, Blended Fabric, Chambray Fabric, Damask Fabric, Tencel Fabric, Velvet Fabric, Water Proof & Breathable Fabric, Tweed Fabric, Sportswear Fabric, Spandex Fabric, Rayon Fabric, Printed Fabric, Nylon Fabric, Micro Fibre Fabric, Mesh Fabric, Knitted Fabric, Grey Fabric, Jersey Fabric, Jacquard Fabric, Jute Fabric, Lycra Fabric, Dress Materials, Flannelette Fabric, Velour Fabric, Twill Weave Fabric, Taffeta Fabric Export Market: Europe Main Business Area: Fabrics manufacturer Other Area Of Business: Manufacturer of fabrics , fabrics stock lot dealer, garment stock lot dealer.

Prakash Textiles: Fabrics Manufacturer - India

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Prakash Textiles was established in 1986. This company produces a variety of fabric like grey fabric, printed fabric, dyed fabric and poplin fabric. It has grown into a world class production facility with auto looms and state of the art machinery for producing a variety of fabric. Utmost care is taken to maintain international quality standards, right from the procurement of raw materials to actual delivery of the products. Nature Of Company: Private Limited Sales Turnover: N.A. Year Established: 1986 No. Of Employees: 150 Products: Bleach Fabric, Bottom Fabric, Canvas Fabric, Cloth Fabric, Cotton Fabric, Drill Fabric, Dyed Fabric, Furnishing Fabric, Grey Fabric, Madras Fabric, Lycra Fabric, Narrow Fabric, Polyester Fabric, Printed Fabric, Rayon Fabric, Suiting Fabric, Twill Fabric, Twill Weave Fabric, Woven Fabric Export Market: Asia pacific Main Business Area: Fabrics manufacturer Other Area Of Business: Manufacturer of fabrics, fabrics stock lot dealer, importer of yarn Lead time: 70 to 90 days Cost: 12 paisa/pick/inch/sq. mete

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Dobby weave fabric


A dobby weave fabric is decorative weave, characterized by small figures, usually geometric, that are woven into the fabric structure. Dobbies may be of any weight or compactness, with yarns ranging from very fine to coarse and fluffy. Standard dobby fabrics are usually flat and relatively fine or sheer. However, some heavyweight dobby fabrics are available for home furnishings and for heavy apparel.

A figure weave produced by an attachment on the loom that weaves an extra set of yarns into a simpler background weave. Dobby fabrics usually have small birdseye, dot or other geometric patterns.

Fabrics with dobby weave:


Brocade Moss Crepe Matelasse

Uses of dobby weave:

A good example of dobby weave is stripes or waffle cloth but the designs need to be straight vertically or horizontally. Heavyweight dobby fabrics are used as home furnishings and for heavy apparel.

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Major suppliers of dobby Global Elate Enterprises(India): Business Type: Exporter Primary Competitive Advantages: Reputed vendor base Highly competitive prices Wide distribution network Timely delivery system Export Markets: Worldwide Product Range 100% cotton yarns, blended yarn, cotton and polyester blended fabrics, piece dyed fabrics suitable for high value shirting in plain, twill weave and fancy dobby. Lead time: 40 to 60 days Asarwa mills(India): Business Type: Exporter Year Established: 1959 No. Of Employees: 500 Export Turnover: Rs. 50 crore Annual turnover: Rs. 90 crore Member Affiliates: FIEO,TEXPROCIL,SRTPC,ATMA
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Products Exporting and Manufacturing and Supplying: 100% cotton yarns, blended yarn, cotton and polyester blended fabrics, piece dyed fabrics suitable for high value shirting in plain, twill weave and fancy dobby. Lead time: 30 to 50 days

Taiwan Dyeing & Fabric Co., Ltd. (Taiwan) Established in: 1993 Products: Industrial fabrics, including PU coated fabric and PVC lamination, outdoor and indoor fabrics, garments fabrics, bags fabrics, label fabrics, paper printed fabrics, dobby plain fabrics, etc. Lead time: 90 days Price range: Rs.500-1500/meter, decreasing by order quantity.

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Seer sucker fabric

Seersucker is a cotton fabric with a name deriving from the Persian term SHIR O SHAKAR which means milk and sugar. The fabric was initially made in Iraq, yet it was popularized in America, especially for mens clothing. Seersucker is made by what is called a slack-tension weave, where groups of yarn are bunched together in certain portions of the fabric created a puckered, almost wrinkled look to the fabric. In fact, its usually unnecessary to iron seersucker garments because they are supposed to look slightly wrinkly. The puckering effect of the weave creates a wonderful feature in seersucker garments. They tend to be much cooler to wear because airspace is created between the body and parts of the clothing.

Characteristics of seer sucker fabric: Seersucker has a crinkled surface. Usually striped pattern, often colored. The fabric comes in medium to heavy weights. Seersucker is woven with wrinkles in it.

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Manufacturers and suppliers: Zhejiang S & F Foreign Trade Co. Ltd (China) Business Type: Exporter Current Export Markets Trading Company Eastern Europe North America Export Percentage Mid East/Africa 95 percent to 99 percent Central/South America Asia Capital Western Europe US$600,000 to 699,999 Australasia Primary Competitive Advantages Experienced R&D Department Reliability Reputation QC Responsibility in-house Total Annual Sales US$20,000,000 to 24,999,999 No. of Total Staff 20 to 29 Year Established 1996 No. of Production Lines 300 Lead time: 40-60 days Cost: Rs. 250/ meter to Rs. 1250/meter, depending upon the quality. No. of R&D Staff 5 to 9 No. of Engineers 1 to 4 Product Range Fabrics Garments Caps Bags Gloves Shoes Apparel accessories Gifts Sanitary fittings of bathroom and kitchen

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K.R Sons(India): Manufacturing, supplying and exporting of yarn, cotton yarn, polyester yarn, pv yarn, viscos yarn, dyed yarn, multifilament yarns, polypropylene yarn, synthetic yarn, industrial multi filament yarns, dope dyed yarns, polypropylene dyed yarns, ppmf yarns, linen yarns, bamboo yarns. Business Type: Manufacturer / Wholesaler/Distributor / Supplier / Trading Company Year Established: 1975 Products Supplying and Distributing: Cotton yarn, polyester yarn, pv yarn, viscose yarn, dyed yarn Products Trading and Manufacturing: Cotton yarn, polyester yarn, pv yarn, viscos yarn, arn dyed fabrics, yarn dyed cotton fabrics, yarn dyed checks, yarn dyed double cloth, yarn dyed jacquards, handloom fabric, bleached fabrics, woven fabrics, seer suckers, cotton greige fabric, blended yarns, linen yarns, bamboo yarns, dyed yarn etc. Lead time: 60 to 80 days Price: Rs. 350 to Rs. 1100/ meter

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Plain weave
Plain weave is a basic style of weaves, which have the weft and warp threads interwined in an alternate way to produce a checkerboard effect. It is also known as one-up-one-down weave or over and under pattern. Plain weave is the simplest and most common interlacing of warp and weft. In this, the warp and weft are of equal tension and spacing and it is equally visible on the surface. Characteristics of plain weave: 1. It is snag resistant. 2. It wrinkles. 3. It has lower tear strength.

Fabrics with plain weave: Chiffon Cendal Habutai Honan Mousseline de Soie Ninnon Organza Pongee Rajah (trade name) - warp yarn is 4 thread organized - filling is heavier. Shantung Sharkskin Sheer - Mostly plain but could be various weaves. Spun Rayon Taffeta Tissue Taffeta Warp-print Taffeta Tussah - Usually plain but also in twill.

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Manufacturers and suppliers: Cauvery Textiles Established in the year 1982, Cauvery Textiles is a renowned name in manufacturing, trading, retailing and wholesaling of wide range of fabrics. All our products are a hallmark of quality as these are spun using latest technology based equipment and with the support of an adept team of professionals. Deals in supplying and exporting plain weave such as fancy plain weave, fashionable plain weave, designer plain weave, trendy plain weave and customized plain weave. Year of Establishment: 1982 Legal status of Firm: Partnership Turnover US$ 1-10 Million (or Rs. 4-40 Crore Approx.) Nature of Business: Manufacturer Exporter Trader Major Markets: Indian Subcontinent Caribbean North Africa South/West Africa East Asia Central America Middle East South America South East Asia North America Lead Time: 45 to 60 days Price Range: Rs. 150 to Rs. 800/meter
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Delkon Textiles Private Limited Engaged in supplying and exporting of table linens, table runners, linen table runners, embroidered table linens, cotton table runners, placemets, woven placemets and plain woven placemets. Year of Establishment: 1995 Turnover: Upto US$ 0.25 Million (or upto Rs. 1 Crore Approx.) Nature of Business: Manufacturer Exporter Total Number of Employees: 100 Zhejiang Kingtex Co Ltd (CHINA): Business Type Distributor Exporter Importer Manufacturer Trading Company Year Established 1980 No. of Total Staff 1,000 to 1,499 Lead time: 30 to 50 days Current Export Markets Eastern Europe North America Mid East/Africa Central/South America
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Capital US$10,000,000 to 14,999,999

Primary Competitive Advantages Experienced R&D Department Reliability Reputation

Price Range: Rs. 150 to 1300/ meter

Asia Western Europe Australasia No. of R&D Staff 10 to 19 No. of Engineers 5 to 9 Product Range Cotton, T/C, ramie, wool cashmere yarns and fabrics, in gray, bleached, dyed and printed Sand-washed cup ammonium fabrics, sewing accessories such as elastic bands, lace bands, zippers, polyester sewing thread and embroidery thread, home textiles of cotton, various kinds of bedding articles, bath towels, face towels and hand towels, tea towels, also handkerchiefs, scarves, socks, aprons and gloves, garments for men, women and children, made of cotton, linen, polyester, wool, silk and blended fabrics. Fabrics made of above materials, with coating, such as down garments, jeans garments, windproof garments, rain proof garments and all kinds of leather or imitation leather garments.

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Jacquard fabric
The Jacquard loom is a mechanical loom, invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard in 1801, which used the holes punched in pasteboard punch cards to control theweaving of patterns in fabric. The loom enabled even amateur weavers to weave complex designs. Each punch card corresponded to one row of the design and the cards were strung together in order. It was based on an earlier invention by the French mechanic Falcon in 1728. Each hole in the card corresponds to a "Bolus" hook, which can either be up or down. The hook raises or lowers the harness which carries and guides the warpthread so that the weft will either lay above or below it. The sequence of raised and lowered threads is what creates the pattern. Each hook can be connected via the harness to a number of threads, allowing more than one repeat of a pattern. A loom with a 400 hook head might have 4 threads connected to each hook, giving you a fabric that is 1600 warp ends wide with four repeats of the weave going across. It was the first machine to use punch cards to control a sequence of operations. Although it did no computation based on them, it is considered an important step in the history of computing hardware. The ability to change the pattern of the loom's weave by simply changing cards was an important conceptual precursor to the development of computer programming. Specifically, Charles Babbage planned to use cards to store programs in his Analytical engine. At first sight this may seem unremarkable but it was a clear turning point in the ability to store and re-use machine instructions. Whilst Babbage did not live to see that his ideas were viable, they have since been proved to work reliably. The term "Jacquard loom" is a misnomer. It is the "Jacquard head" that adapts to a great many dobby looms such as the "Dornier" brand that allow the weaving machine to then create the intricate patterns. Jacquard looms, whilst relatively common in the textile industry, are not as ubiquitous as dobby looms which are usually faster and much cheaper to operate. However unlike jacquard looms they are not capable of producing so many different weaves from one warp. Modern jacquard looms are computer controlled and can have thousands of hooks. And inevitably, unlike Jacquard's original invention there is now no need for the use of punched cards - instead the patterns are literally computer controlled. The threading of a jacquard loom is so labor intensive that many looms are threaded only once. Subsequent warps are then tied in to the existing warp with the help of a knotting robot which ties each new thread on individually. Even for a small loom with only a few thousand warp ends the process can take days.

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Manufacturers and suppliers: Sri Kalyan Export Private Limited Engaged in manufacturing a wide range of fabrics such as cotton checked fabrics, cotton striped fabrics, dobby fabrics, jacquard fabrics, seersucker fabrics, mill made fabrics, patchwork fabrics, stretch fabrics, twill fabrics, printed poplin fabrics. Year of Establishment: 2008 Legal Status of Firm: Private Ltd. Co. Registered under Indian Companies Act 1956 Turnover: US$ 1-10 Million (or Rs. 4-40 Crore Approx.) Nature of Business: Manufacturer Exporter Wholesaler Major Markets: Australia/NZ Indian Subcontinent Caribbean East/Middle Africa North Africa South/West Africa East Europe East Asia Central America North Europe Middle East South America South/West Europe South East Asia North America

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Fabric India Fabric supplier and textile manufacturer provides cotton fabrics, poly fabrics, silk fabrics, rayon fabrics, jacquard fabrics, georgette fabrics, embroidered fabrics, printed fabrics, linen fabrics, metallic silk fabrics, barcode fabrics, jacquard fabric. Year of Establishment: 1995 Turnover: Upto US$ 0.25 Million (or upto Rs. 1 Crore Approx.) Nature of Business: Supplier Manufacturer Major Markets: Indian Subcontinent

Zhejiang Kingtex Co Ltd (CHINA): Business Type Distributor Exporter Importer Manufacturer Trading Company Year Established 1980 No. of Total Staff 1,000 to 1,499 Current Export Markets Eastern Europe North America Mid East/Africa Central/South America
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Capital US$10,000,000 to 14,999,999

Primary Competitive Advantages Experienced R&D Department Reliability Reputation

Asia Western Europe Australasia No. of R&D Staff 10 to 19 No. of Engineers 5 to 9 Product Range Cotton, T/C, ramie, wool cashmere yarns and fabrics, in gray, bleached, dyed and printed Sand-washed cup ammonium fabrics, sewing accessories such as elastic bands, lace bands, zippers, polyester sewing thread and embroidery thread, home textiles of cotton, various kinds of bedding articles, bath towels, face towels and hand towels, tea towels, also handkerchiefs, scarves, socks, aprons and gloves, garments for men, women and children, made of cotton, linen, polyester, wool, silk and blended fabrics. Fabrics made of above materials, with coating, such as down garments, jeans garments, windproof garments, rain proof garments and all kinds of leather or imitation leather garments.

Minimum Order: 500 Meter/Meters the width is 145cm Delivery Time: Around 30 days Payment Terms L/C,T/T

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