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# Arc Length = ; ( ) s r in radians u u

Area of a Sector
2
1
2
= ; ( ) A r in radians u u
Six Trigonometric Functions

sin
y
r
u = csc
r
y
u =
cos
x
r
u = sec
r
x
u =
tan
y
x
u = cot
x
y
u =

2 2 2
cos ; sin ; x r y r x y r = u = u + =

Sine and Cosine of Certain Angles
u sinu cosu
0
0 0 ( ) 0 1
0
30 6 ( ) t 1 2
3 2
0
45 4 ( ) t 1 2 1 2
0
60 3 ( ) t 3 2 1 2
0
90 2 ( ) t 1 0
0
180 ( ) t 0 1
0
270 3 2 ( ) t 1 0

Basic Identities
1
cot
tan
u
u
=
1
sec
cos
u
u
=
1
csc
sin
u
u
=
sin
tan
cos
u
u
u
=
cos
cot
sin
u
u
u
=

2 2
1 sin cos u u + =

2 2
1 tan sec u u + =

2 2
1 cot csc u u + =

Cofunction Identities
( )
2
sin cos
t
u u =
( )
2
cos sin
t
u u =
( )
2
tan cot
t
u u =

Odd-even Identities
sin( ) sin u u = cos( ) cos u u = tan( ) tan u u =

sin( ) sin cos cos sin o | o | o | + = +
sin( ) sin cos cos sin o | o | o | =
cos( ) cos cos sin sin o | o | o | + =
cos( ) cos cos sin sin o | o | o | = +
1
tan tan
tan( )
tan tan
o |
o |
o |
+
+ =

1
tan tan
tan( )
tan tan
o |
o |
o |

=
+

Double Angle Formulas
2 2 sin sin cos u u u =
2
2
2
1
tan
tan
tan
u
u
u
=

2 2 2 2
2 1 2 2 1 cos cos sin sin cos u u u u u = = =

Half Angle Formulas
2
1
2
cos
sin
u
u
| |
|
\ .

=
2
1
2
cos
cos
u
u
| |
|
\ .
+
=
2
1 cos
tan
sin
u
u
u
| |
|
\ .

=

Product Formulas
2 sin cos sin( ) sin( ) o | o | o | = + +
2 o | o | o | = + cos sin sin( ) sin( )
2 o | o | o | = + + cos cos cos( ) cos( )
2 o | o | o | = + sin sin cos( ) cos( )

Factoring Formulas
2
2 2
sin sin cos sin
o | o |
o |
+ | | | |
+ =
| |
\ . \ .
2
2 2
sin sin cos sin
o | o |
o |
+ | | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .

2
2 2
cos cos cos cos
o | o |
o |
+ | | | |
+ =
| |
\ . \ .

2
2 2
cos cos sin sin
o | o |
o |
+ | | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .

Laws of Sines and Cosines

sin sin sin
a b c
A B C
= =

2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
2
2
2
cos
cos
cos
a b c bc A
b a c ac B
c a b ab C
= +
= +
= +

Inverse Trig functions
1
sin sin ; 2 2 & 1 1 y x x y y x

= = t s s t s s
1
cos cos ; 0 & 1 1 y x x y y x

= = s s t s s
1
tan tan ; 2 2 & y x x y y x

= = t < < t s s

P(x,y)

x

u
y
r
A
B
C
a
b
c
6 t
3 t
3
1
2
1
1
2

4 t

1/13

Integrals
1
1
1
1
,
n n
u du u C n
n
+
= + =
+
}

1
ln du u C
u
(
(
(
]
= +
u u
e du e C = +
}

ln
u
u
a
a du C
a
= +
}

u dv uv v du =
} }

2
sec tan u du u C = +
}

2
csc cot u du u C = +
}

sec tan sec u u du u C = +
}

csc cot csc u u du u C = +
}

sin cos u du u C = +
}

cos sin u du u C = +
}

tan ln sec u du u C = +
}

csc ln csc cot u du u u C = +
}

sec ln sec tan u du u u C = + +
}

cot ln sin u du u C = +
}

( )
1
2
1
1
sin du u C
u

(
(
(
(
]
= +

( )
1
2
1
1
tan du u C
u

(
(
(
]
= +
+

( )
1
2
1
1
sec du u C
u u

(
(
(
(
]
= +

Derivatives
1
( )
n n
d du
u n u
dx dx

=
(sin ) cos
d du
u u
dx dx
=
(cos ) sin
d du
u u
dx dx
=
2
(tan ) sec
d du
u u
dx dx
=
2
(cot ) csc
d du
u u
dx dx
=
(sec ) sec tan
d du
u u u
dx dx
=
(csc ) csc cot
d du
u u u
dx dx
=
1
(ln )
d du
u
dx u dx
=
1
(log )
ln
a
d du
u
dx u a dx
=
( )
u u
d du
e e
dx dx
=
( ) ln
u u
d du
a a a
dx dx
=
1
2
1
1
(sin )
d du
u
dx dx
u

1
2
1
1
(cos )
d du
u
dx dx
u

1
2
1
1
(tan )
d du
u
dx dx u

=
+

1
2
1
1
(cot )
d du
u
dx u dx

=
+

1
2
1
1
(sec )
d du
u
dx dx
u u

1
2
1
1
(csc )
d du
u
dx dx
u u

2/13
Exam 1 MAT 222 Sec 01 Spring 2012 Name: ____________ _
Directions: Show all of your work and clearly indicate your answers. Correct answers with
no work may not receive credit. Good Luck!
Problem 1. (19 points) Evaluate the following integrals. Show all your work to receive
any credit. l 'f- J..
(a) J arctan(x)dx ":::.'. n ... of.- .) __ . '-"
t-+.-Z ) V - 'f
D. S {ot--L. --
-::: Y--. i - \ +"A. '-
-= -.{ - -.t -LI +(
4 __ ki--
(b) J x In xdx -=- _ 0 ,) '-
1 -==-?- d",)
'1 '( \1 , (I
1- 1 () \" _ Q '-I-?. ' J "-.= -} Y- \ i. 1-
2.. \ ? L
-=
Problem 2. (13 points) Make a substitution needed to evaluate the integral, but do not
evaluate the integral after the substitution.
J
(1 \ '( \) J J,r-
(a) cos
7
x sins xdx ( \ - 'Y'-'IA. "-- 'I- -
\
-=::. . \ = s C \- ",'-'f
:: "--
3/13
Problem 3. (9 points) Write out the form of the partial fraction decomposition of the
. 5x-7
functlOn f (x) = 2 ( I ) (2 )
x x -3 x +7
2
i
D
f- "\'-
t ''/-- --
l:\

/? \/"'\ {-" r-" .
". t L,#J'.l .. t-. , {, - \
'\ \
Problem 4. (11 points) Use partial fractions to evaluate the following integral
J
X2 - X + 2 d
x(x2 + 1) x.
Problem 5. (8 points) Use the graph of f(x) = to explain why
1
Mn < J x
2
dx < Tn for n ;:::: 1.
o

It C\:> '" c:>A II Q.. '-'- r
________ )
1
4/13
00
(a) J f(x)dx is convergent
1 \ N : > ~ l \ 4 ~
5/13
Problem 9. (9 points) Find the arc length function for the curve y = 4X
3
/
2
with starting
point (4,32). Express you answer as an elementary function (you have to evaluate the
integral).
. . - - - - - - ~
'>12.
6/13
MAT 222 Sec 01 Spring 2012 Name:
------
Quiz 1.
(1) Evaluate the following integrals
1 \ , 0
0
I
()
J
2 (Y{/...
a xe xdx - I
o - >-J..", V::: i: e
/
7/13
-=-- \ -==- "" \ r l \ '-<.<-\ '-\. :::

. '\
L l "L_,," -
-=: "'-"> ": - '" -+- (
'> .s-'
(e) J tan' x sec' xdx i .9.,/L ,-" '-- .i2-C,,-- f- JJI-::::
-=- \ ,,-= f?J2L i. ) ol:::: -L J. i-( "::-
8/13
MAT 222 Sec 01 Spring 2012 Name:
---------
Quiz 2.
(1) Evaluate integral (You have to use a trig substitution)
j
-=x= .
dx - ' ) 2. 2.
vlX2 + 4 - 11\::::
d-

'>F-C 9-=-
(2) Make. a substitution necessary to evaluate th . . .
substItution. But do NOT I t h' e mtegral and wnte the mtegral aft er the
eva ua e t e mtegral.
j
x4
v1x
2
-16dx __ f--=- RJ<-C 8 <.-0:
- n ) J
G* ,0 ==-
\)(C{b
= '1L. SRR<Fe
9/13
(3) Write out the form of partial fraction decomposition of the function. Do not determine
the numerical values of the coefficients.
(4) Evaluate integrals
t Lc \\ '" 2 -+ ( ,-=
===- L( (i-?\(-\:\\ "\-d-
10/13
MAT 222 Sec 02 Spring 2012
Name: ______ _
Quiz 3.
(1) Let f(x) = 1 - x
2
1
(a) Find R2 for J f(x)dx.
o 1-
\_ \ ':::. L
() \1'L \ . 5>
'f-"L'"'- i
(b) Use the graph of f to arrange J f(x)dx, Ln, Rn, 1I1n, Tn in increasing order.
o
,{:",<- L", rA
1 '=) W
It", <- ( L "'
._-+---\---:)
\
1
(c) How large do we have to choose n so that the approximation Mn of J f (x )dx is
o
accurate to within 0.01?
(I
I
K(b - a)3 1/
EM::; 24n
2
' If (x) I ::; K for a ::; x ::; b.)
11/13
MAT 222 Sec 02 Spring 2012
Name: __________________ _
Quiz 4.
(1) Eliminate the parameter to find a Cartesian equation of the curve. Sketch the curve in
the xy-plane and indicate the direction in which the curve is traced as the parameter
increases.
x = 3 + 2 sin t, Y = 1 + 2 cos t
:11
Lf--">\(. --'<: \
'-i "-i
l-f.--<,\ '\ -+ 'S -\\{ =4.t
')
(2) Use the graphs x = f(t) and y = g(t) to sketch the parametric curve x = f(t), y = g(t).
Indicate with arrow in which direction the curve is traced as t increases.

-{
-t

X
12/13
MAT 222 Sec 02 Spring 2012
Name: ________________ __
Quiz 5.
x2 y2
(1) Set up, but do not evaluat e integral that gives the length of the ellipse 4 + 9 = 1.
You need to parameterize t he ellipse and then use the formula for the arc length for
parametric equations.

-) J
L-= \ --Ic \)\L' J D
()
d
2
(3) Find dx; if x = 5 cos t ) Y = 3 sin t
O.
N'"2 -I (I _ s
b ..,,--- =- '> . -
- d-
(4) Sketch the in the plane consisting of points whose polar coordinat es satisfy the
given conditions.
7f 37f
-2 < r < -1 - < e < -
- - '2- - 4
\
/ I " \
1
(5) Sketch the curve wit h the polar equation r = e' e 1.
13/13