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TITLE OF LESSON PLAN:

Muscles and Skeleton in Motion



LENGTH OF LESSON:
One class period Ior introduction, lesson, directions
1 week Ior students to complete movie project

GRADE LEVEL:
6-8

SUB1ECT AREA:
Science: Human Body & Health

OB1ECTIVES:
Students will understand the Iollowing:
1. Muscle groups work in pairs contracting and relaxing causing bones to move in opposite ways.
2. Discover and learn various exercises Ior diIIerent parts oI the body.
3. Expand understanding oI muscle strength.

PRE-TEACHING PROCEDURE:
1. Ask your students to Ilex their arms by bending their lower arms up Irom the elbow engaging their
biceps. Then have them extend their arms by lowering their hand down engaging their triceps. Make sure
students understand the terms flex and extend.
2. Ask your students iI they know which muscles they used to perIorm each action. II they are unIamiliar
with the terms biceps (Ilex) and triceps (extend), introduce the terms now.
3. Divide class into groups oI two. Each group will choose an antagonistic muscle group Irom options
provided by teacher.
4. Provide groups with project criteria and rubric. (See below)

PRO1ECT CRITERIA-All to be included in video.
1. Groups create a hypothesis stating which muscle group will be stronger when perIorming exercises
until exhaustion.
2. Names oI major muscles and bones are included.
3. Students teach how to properly perIorm each exercise.
4. Students will repeat the chosen exercise Ior each opposing muscle group until she or he reaches
exhaustion. Each student records the number oI repetitions completed Ior each exercise. II
weights
are used, the same weight must be used Ior each muscle group.
5. Results must be shown.
6. Conclusion explained based on results obtained. State whether hypothesis was supported or
disproven.
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS TO USE WITH CLASS AFTER VIDEOS ARE SHOWN:
1. Conclusion: Discuss whether the exercises results agreed with the groups` hypotheses.
2. Sources oI error: Did the experiments appear to be valid?
3. Ask students what makes one muscle stronger than another.

RUBRIC

Category 10.9 8.7 6.5 4.0
Hypothesis Hypothesis is clearly
stated as an 'II, then,
because statement.
Hypothesis is
testable.
Hypothesis is
not clearly stated
as an 'II, then,
because statement.
Hypothesis is
testable.
Hypothesis is
not clearly stated
as an 'II, then,
because statement.
Hypothesis is not
testable.
Hypothesis is
poorly stated, does
not link to test or
does not exist.
Exercises Exercise
demonstration
is explained
and targeted at
muscles and bones
identiIied. Exercise
is appropriate to test
hypothesis.
Exercise
demonstration is
poorly explained
or exercise is not
appropriate to test
hypothesis.
Exercise
demonstration is
poorly explained
and exercise is not
appropriate to test
hypothesis.
Poorly meets
criteria in project
criteria.
Identification Muscles and bones
in exercises are
correctly identiIied.
One muscle or bone
is not correctly
identiIied or is leIt
out entirely.
Two or more
muscles or bones
are not correctly
identiIied or are leIt
out entirely.
More than two
mistakes are made.
Graph Graph includes title
and axes are labeled.
Exceptionally well
designed, neat, and
attractive. Colors
that go well together
are used to make the
graph more readable.
Graph includes title
and axes are labeled.
Neat and relatively
attractive. A bit
diIIicult to read.
Graph is neat but
plain. Results are
diIIicult to read.
No graph is
included or graph is
poorly constructed.
Conclusion States whether
hypothesis was
supported or
disproven by results.
Sources oI error are
discussed.
States whether
hypothesis was
supported or
disproven by results.
Sources oI error are
not discussed.
Does not tie results
into hypothesis
being supported or
disproven. Sources
oI error are not
discussed.
Poor conclusion,
results discussion
and explanation oI
sources oI error.
Sequencing of
Information
Video Iollows
sequencing oI
project criteria.
Most inIormation
Iollows sequencing
oI project criteria.
One element is
missing or out oI
place.
Some inIormation
Iollows sequencing
oI project criteria.
More than one
element is missing or
out oI place.
There no clear plan
Ior the organization
oI inIormation.
Sound Sound quality is
great. Easy to hear
throughout video.
Limited background
noise.
I heard some but not
all. A bit too much
background noise.
Are you whispering? Did you say
something?
Length 2.5 min - 3.0 min 5-10 sec. too short or
too long
11-20 sec. too short
or too long
21 sec. or more too
short or too long