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Problem 1

A viscous fluid is in laminar flow in a slit formed by two parallel walls a distance 2B
apart. Make a differential momentum balance and obtain the expression for the
distributions of momentum flux and velocity. What is the ration of average to maximum
velocity in the slit ? Obtain the analog of the Hagen-Poiseulle law of the slit.

Problem 2
A droplet of substance A is suspended in a stream of gas B. The droplet radius is r
1
. We
postulate that there is a spherical stagnant gas film of radius r
2
. the concentration of A in
the gas phase is x
A1
at r = r
1
and x
A2
at r = r
2
.

a) By a shell balance, show that for steady state diffusion r
2
N
Ar
is a constant and set the
constant equal to r
1
2
N
Ar1
at the droplet surface.
b) Show that:
( ) dr
dx
r
x
cD
N r
A
A
AB
Ar
2
1
2
1
1
=


c) Integrate that equation between the limits r1 and r2 to get:

( )
1
2
1
2
1 2
1
ln
B
B AB
Ar
x
x
r
r
r r
cD
N
|
|
.
|

\
|

=

d) If a mass transfer coefficient k
v
is defined by N
Ar1
= k
v
(p
A1
p
A2
), show that:

( )
ln
/ 2
B
AB
v
p
D cD
k =




Solution Problem 1:
a. The momentum balance leads to

and


Subtitution of Newtons law

into the above gives

or


Use of the no-slip boundary conditions at gives the expresions in Eq.
2B.3-1 and 2. One can also see that

directly, since we know that the plant




b. The maximum velocity is at the middle of the slit and is

and hence


The ratio of the average to the maximum velocity is then

[(



c. The mass rate of flow is



d. In Eq. 2.5-22, set both viscosities equal to , set b equal to B, and mutiply by
BW.

Solution Problem 2:
a. A mass balance on A over a spherical shell of thickness is (in molar unit)


or, equivalently


Now divide by and take the limit as goes to zero to get


This may be integrated to give

. We may the boundary condition that

at

(the gas liquid interface) to evaluate the constant and obtain

.

b. Equation 18.0-1, written for the radial component in spherical coordinates, is


If gas B is not moving, then

, may be set equal to zero and the equation may be


solved for the molar flux of A:


Multiplying by


and using the result obtained in (a), we get Eq. 19B.7-1:



c. Equation 19B.7-1 can be arranged to give


Integration then gives

)|


Or

]
This may be arranged to give


Or, when solved for the molar flux of A


When

(and presumably also



0), this last result gives



d. Mass transfer coefficient k
v
is defined by