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Cathodic Protection for Offshore Structures

Galvanic Cathodic Protection Systems


RetroPod Cathodic Protection Life Extension for Platforms...................................................................................3 SmartPod Cathodic Protection for Deep Water Assets ..........................................................................................6 RetroSled & ExpandaSled Cathodic Protection Life Extension for Pipelines.........................................................8 CP-Mat Cathodic Protection Mattress for Pipelines............................................................................................11 RetroLink Low-Cost Cathodic Protection System for Smaller Offshore Structures ...............................................13

Impressed Current Cathodic Protection Systems


RetroBuoy Impressed Current Cathodic Protection for Life Extension for Large Structures...................................17 RetroBuoy Jr Impressed Current Cathodic Protection for Life Extension for Smaller Structures ............................20 Raparound Anode Impressed Current Cathodic Protection for Jetties & Piers in Harsh Conditions .......................23

CP Anode Attachment & Pipe Support Systems


VSE Anode (Vaulted Seawater Envelope) Sub-Bottom CP for Wind Turbines & Shallow Water............................26 RetroClamp Tie-Back Clamping System for Subsea Cathodic Protection Systems..................................................28 RetroClamp CP Cathodic Protection Clamping System .........................................................................................30

Monitoring Equipment for Cathodic Protection


I-Clip Anti-Corrosion Pipe Support Clips for Grinnell Clamps & Pipe Cradles ........................................................32 MA-1 Monitored Anode for Cathodic Protection Monitoring ..............................................................................37 SunStation Polatrak Cathodic Protection Monitoring .........................................................................................39 V-String Zinc Reference Electrode Polatrak Cathodic Protection Monitoring ......................................................43 DR-2 Dual Reference Cell Polatrak Cathodic Protection Monitoring ...................................................................45

DR-2 CD Polarization Monitor Polatrak Cathodic Protection Monitoring ............................................................47 Overview of Polatrak CP Probes .....................................................................................................................49 CP Gun Diver-Held Cathodic Protection Probe....................................................................................................52 ROV II Cathodic Protection Probe ...................................................................................................................54 Deep-C-Meter ROV Subsea Readout System for CP Monitoring..........................................................................55 DC-II Drop Cell / Dip Cell for CP Monitoring........................................................................................................57

RetroPod Cathodic Protection Life Extension for Platforms by Deepwater Corrosion Services
Saves platform operators hundreds of thousands of dollars in offshore CP retrofit costs.

The RetroPod and RetroClamp in situ. The vertical - diagonal member provides a convenient attachment point.

Product Overview
The Deepwater RetroPod cathodic protection system has saved many operators hundreds of thousands of dollars in offshore CP retrofit costs. This is achieved by installing an optimized array of sacrificial anode material (capable of delivering up to 20 Amperes) in less than a quarter of the time it would take to install the equivalent CP using clamp-on anode arrays. An installed RetroPod is located on bottom, just inside or outside the base of the jacket. This semi-remote location greatly improves current distribution, and the installation can be accomplished with divers or ROVs using the RetroClamp tieback system. Small, shallow 4-pile jacket structures can often be retrofitted with only one or two pods, thus several can be completed in a single offshore day. Four small booster anodes are added to the RetroPod when a structure has lost all cathodic protection. The additional upper anode array provides a 15% current boost for the first 2-3 years to quickly re-establish cathodic polarization. Like all of Deepwaters innovative CP retrofit solutions, the RetroPod is guaranteed to perform. Hundreds have been successfully installed. RetroPod in situ sits 10 ft. from the base of the structure on bottom, either inside or outside of the jacket.

Main Benefits
Reduces retrofit installed cost to approximately 1/3 of a conventional clamp-on fix. Many direct comparisons are documented.

Concrete mattresses provide ample ballast to insure stability at the base.

Improved safety; no direct diver intervention with heavy load. Safe 24 hour operation maximizes offshore efficiency.

Optimized shape reduces mutual anode

RetroClamp is readily available from Farwest Corrosion Control Company.

interference, gives excellent bottom stability, and provides ease of handling offshore.

No increased weight loading on an aging structure and no problems finding places to clamp anodes.

Easy to inspect during routine subsea inspections; current output from each pod can be displayed if required. Illustration showing the Clamp being installed by an ROV. Modular construction allows simple reconfiguration for 10 to 25 year life extension in 5year increments.

Materials
RetroPod uses the highest available quality of sacrificial anode alloys. Typical ambient and cold water Al-In-Zn compositions are used. All steel fabrication uses ASTM A 36 material and is performed in Deepwater's manufacturing facility as well as at sub-licensed facilities in various regions.

Design Life
10 to 25 years (depending on customer requirements).

RetroClamp Tie Back


Each RetroPod is shipped with one or more RetroClamps; typical cables are 2 x 25 feet #4/0 AWG heavy duty flex cables. Thousands of these clamps are now in service around the world, and many have been installed by ROV. The installation efficiency of the RetroClamp has saved customers hundreds of thousands of dollars.

The RetroClamp tie-back in situ.

SmartPod Cathodic Protection for Deep Water Assets by Deepwater Corrosion Services
Deep water cathodic protection using a modular anode structure with on-board status monitoring.

A SmartPod protecting and monitoring two sub-sea trees.

Product Overview
The SmartPod system is an intelligent version of Deepwater's well-proven RetroPod cathodic protection system for offshore platforms. The system greatly simplifies deep water cathodic protection by providing a modular anode structure with on-board status-monitoring, using Deepwater's patented SunStation cathodic protection monitor technology (each unit contains 3 SunStation monitors). Each SmartPod can protect a number of discrete subsea structures and can be configured to provide 20 years of cathodic protection to over 25,000 square feet of coated steel. RetroClamps allow an ROV to connect to the subsea structures, and Polatrak V-String reference electrodes provide the CP monitoring. SmartPods can be quickly installed with any Work Class ROV system, and instant feedback on current output and potential of protected structures is displayed on the SunStation readout. Like all of Deepwaters innovative CP solutions, the SmartPod is guaranteed to perform.

A concrete mattress at the base provides ballast for stability. CP monitoring is provided by a SunStation monitor with 3 readouts.

Main Benefits
Post installed, saves time and money, especially on pipeline installations. Provides on-board monitoring, no more pipeline surveys or messing with portable CP probes. Modular design, just figure how many square feet for how many years, then divide to get number of pods required. Protects many thousands of feet of pipelines, eliminate need for bracelet anodes. SmartPod allows pipeline coatings to be

Deep water SunStation monitor panel with 6 digital readouts and 6 solar panels.

ROV taking readings from a SmartPod.

maintained at maximum efficiency.

Applications
Deepwater Subsea Equipment Infield Flowline Protection Deepwater Pipeline Protection

Materials
SmartPod uses the highest available quality of sacrificial anode alloys. All steel fabrication uses ASTM A 36 material and is performed in Deepwater's own manufacturing facilities.

SunStation
The Sunstation monitor is a self-contained CP monitoring terminal powered strictly by the light from an ROV. This eliminates the use of batteries, making SunStation ideal for deepwater applications. Solar panels and LEDs are housed separately in either Delrin for use in < 300 m or Stainless Steel for use in < 3000 m.

The SunStation separates the LED display (top) from the solar panels (bottom).

RetroClamp Tie Back


Each SmartPod is shipped with one or more RetroClamps. Typical cables are 2 x 25 feet #4/0 AWG heavy-duty flex cables. Thousands of these clamps are now in service around the world, and many have been installed by ROV. The installation efficiency of the RetroClamp has cut installation costs and allowed for tie-back to any pipe or tubular.

A RetroClamp can connect the cathodic protection and secure a zinc electrode.

RetroSled & ExpandaSled Cathodic Protection Life Extension for Pipelines by Deepwater Corrosion Services

Pipeline retrofit sled arrays for pipelines where anode burial below the natural seabed is required or anticipated.

ExpandaSled 3-element array, measuring 40' x 8', installed on the bottom to protect a pipeline

Product Overview
RetroSled and ExpandaSled (expanding RetroSled) are optimized pipeline retrofit sled arrays designed for pipelines where anode burial below the natural seabed is required or anticipated. Both are ROV installed. Both sleds are available in standard configuration for 15 or 30-year design life. Sleds are also equipped with single or dual RetroClamps to facilitate rapid and reliable tie back to the pipeline or riser.

RetroSled consists of a single 20' x 8' section and is installed by a diver or ROV.

RetroSled is a single-section, rigid sled design measuring 20 ft x 8 ft. Use RetroSled to extend life on a pipeline with good coating and still protected readings above -0.900V vs Ag/AgCl sw. ExpandaSled consists of three sections, which unfold to a 40 ft x 8 ft anode on the bottom. Use ExpandaSled when an extra current boost is required for a depolarized pipeline or one with a degraded coating. Both sleds are pre-programmed into Deepwaters PipeMod attenuation modeling system, which calculates the optimized the spacing between sleds.

ExpandaSled consists of three sections, which unfold to 40' x 8' on the bottom.

Applications
Offshore pipelines. Note: in situations where seabed movement is anticipated, Deepwater does not recommend the rigid RetroSled. See the CP Mat for these applications.

Main Benefits
Rapid and safe offshore deployment. RetroSled deployment from a boat.

Proven design; hundreds of miles of lines successfully retrofitted.

Highest quality materials and anodes from Deepwater's affiliated foundries.

Materials
RetroSled uses the highest available quality of sacrificial anode alloys. Typical ambient and cold water Al-In-Zn compositions are used. All steel fabrication uses ASTM A 36 material and is ExpandaSled and RetroClamp installation by an ROV. Pipelines only have to be partially excavated (120).

performed in Deepwater's own manufacturing facility as well as at sub-licensed facilities.

System Design Life


10 to 30 years depending on customer requirements.

RetroClamp Tie Back


Each RetroSled is shipped with two RetroClamps; typical cables are 2 x 25 feet #4/0 AWG heavy duty flex cables. Thousands of these clamps are now in service around the world, and many have been installed by ROV. The installation efficiency of the RetroClamp has saved customers hundreds of thousands of dollars.

The RetroClamp tie-back in situ.

CP-Mat Cathodic Protection Mattress for Pipelines by Deepwater Corrosion Services


Cathodic protection for pipelines using a segmented concrete stabilization mattress with an integrated cathodic protection system.

CP-Mat (left) with SunStation monitor in the over-trawlable RetroClamp (right)

Product Overview
CP-Mat by Deepwater Corrosion Services combines the proven technology of a segmented concrete stabilization mattress with an integrated cathodic protection system. Placement of a CP-Mat provides the required stabilization and the added benefit of up to 30 years of cathodic protection for up to 2 miles of pipeline in each direction. Tie-back to the pipeline can be made with diver or ROV using the field proven Deepwater RetroClamp system. There is no need to remove concrete weight coating. Mats are provided with patented non-shielding soft pads on the underside and can be loaded with aluminum or zinc anodes to operate offshore or in rivers.The mats can be used on pipeline crossings to provide a free life extension system to the pipeline being crossed. CP-Mat provides a stable anode platform for all bottom conditions.

Main Benefits
The major benefit is that installation cost of the mat can be leveraged to the life extension of the asset, providing significant cost savings. The ultra-rugged and stable construction of the mattress provides a long-term stable retrofit platform to suit any bottom conditions. CP-Mat will work anywhere that a steel or reinforced concrete structure has to be stabilized in a submerged situation. Sheet piled bulkheads Bridge footings Pipeline river crossings

Aluminum anodes are cast inside concrete segments. The wire rope core of the mat provides a low resistance anode array.

The pipe connection uses RetroClamps.

Outfall / intake structures Locks and dams Offshore wind-turbines

CP-Mat Deployment

CP-Mat being deployed as a primary retrofit for a damaged pipeline.

The rubber underside protects pipeline coating integrity.

RetroLink Low-Cost Cathodic Protection System for Smaller Offshore Structures by Deepwater Corrosion Services
Low-cost anode array for cathodic protection consisting of a series of anodes cast onto a wire rope core.

A RetroLink cathodic protection array consists of anodes cast onto a wire rope core for current conduction and support.

Product Overview
RetroLink by Deepwater is an anode array that comprises a series of anodes cast onto a wire rope core. The anodes have been sized and spaced to provide low-cost, reliable cathodic protection for a wide variety of offshore, inshore or marine structures. Installation expenditures are minimal. In most cases, a diver is not required. RetroLink strings come in three standard sizes of 30 ft, 60ft and 90 ft. These may be deployed in three basic ways: Surface suspended with trailing mud anodes. Used for 3-5 year CP of offshore structures in 90 fsw or less. Used as riser or infield pipeline CP system with insulated hang-off option.

Subsea suspended with trailing mud anodes. Used to supplement RetroPod on 10-year systems.

RetroLink caisson installation.

Mud deployed. Used to protect ultra-shallow water structures, such as offshore wind turbine caissons. Used as retrofit system for offshore pipelines. The wire rope core provides both the electrical conductivity through the anode system and superior mechanical support. The strings are made with up to fifteen anode segments. These may be cut to length and deployed in many ways to provide cathodic protection just where it is needed. If laid in the mud, the system life can be extended to almost 10 years. RetroLinks should always be installed such that at least two anodes trail on the bottom. In this configuration, sea movements are attenuated, and the string will not wrap around the structure. Select zinc or aluminum anode material depending on the salinity of your water. Zinc anodes are recommended if water is less that 12% full strength seawater (4.2 ppt Cl). Aluminum anodes are recommended for all other applications.

RetroLink ready to ship.

RetroLink installation.

RetroLink Sizing
Total number of anodes Number of anodes in water Number of anodes in mud Current output, amperes * Life at current output, years Bare steel protected area, m
2

RetroLink 30 ft 5 5 3 1 2 5 4.4 1.9 3.5 11 88 38

RetroLink 60 ft 10 10 8 1 2 9 9.9 5.5 4.1 12 198 72

RetroLink 90 ft 15 15 13 1 2 14 14.9 5.3 4.5 13 298 106

* Figures given assume the following typical values: seawater resistivity 25 ohm-cm, mud resistivity 75 ohm-cm, cathode potential -0.800V vs Ag/AgCl, current density 50 2 mA/m .

System Components
RetroLink Strings: Shallow 30 ft, 5 anodes; intermediate 60 ft, 10 anodes; deepwater 90 ft, 15 anodes.

Leader Assembly: Standard 25 ft length (can be field adjusted). Coated wire rope with all hardware for either surface suspension with Topside Suspension Bracket, or subsea attachment with RetroClamp.

Topside Suspension Bracket: Allows topside suspension of RetroString may be electrically isolating for riser retrofits.

RetroClamp: Used for subsea attachment and electrical grounding to either jacket tubular or subsea pipeline.

V-String / SunStation: Integral monitoring system available for special applications.

Design Guide: Prints out a cathodic protection solution and a material list that can be priced with a simple e-mail or phone call to Farwest.

RetroLink installation.

Installation
A leader assembly is used for above-water suspensions and uses PVC-coated wire rope for corrosion resistance. The modular design allows the hang elevations to be easily adjusted in the field. The weld-on topside suspension assembly can be attached to horizontal or vertical members. The isolator can be used to have Links protect offshore risers. Links can be attached subsea using a modified hang-off. This allows the links to to provide large currents

cost effectively to deeper water structures when a limited design life is adequate.

Applications
1. Minimal Offshore Structures Many offshore structures that sit in less than 85 f.s.w can have the corrosion protection system replaced very cost effectively using RetroLink. The system can be quickly installed with a small topside crew. No diving is required. The system can provide 5 to 7 years of protection. 2. Offshore Wind Turbines Foundation piles may be placed up to 1 year before the transition structure is installed. During this period RetroLinks can save the day, then can be recovered and redeployed during periods of grid power interruption. For quick, painless retrofit, this is the ideal system. 3. Docks, Harbors and Wharves RetroLink systems are reliable and easy to maintain using small under-dock access vessels and equipment commonly found around such installations. A simple design guide enables the facility owner to apply adequate levels of cathodic protection following a simple field verification procedure. Links have been installed to provide cathodic protection to bridge pilings, whether reinforced concrete or steel. The installation is quick and easy. 4. Temporary Protection Vessels in long-term wet storage can be protected cost-effectively by this system. Simple owner verification that submerged parts of the vessel are not corroding is possible with the optional inspection kit. 5. Pipeline Risers Short infield lines can be effectively retrofitted with RetroLinks, using the host structure as the support and grounding to the pipeline side of the insulating flange.

RetroBuoy Impressed Current Cathodic Protection for Life Extension for Large Structures by Deepwater Corrosion Services
State-of-the-art impressed current technology for offshore structures. Modular sled based system for flexibility and ease of installation.

RetroBuoy is a remote anode system, ideally sitting approx 100 ft (30 m) from the structure, producing excellent current distribution.

Product Overview
RetroBuoy is the state-of-the-art impressed current technology for offshore structures. The modular sled based system couples design flexibility with ease of installation using diver or ROV support. With a proven track record of success, the RetroBuoy system redefines impressed current retrofit technology, saving hundreds of thousands of dollars in CP retrofit costs on even modest retrofit programs. The RetroBuoy system cuts retrofit costs by Buoyant anode transport allows system to operate at optimum current levels.

delivering more cathodic protection, more efficiently with each installed sled. One typical RetroBuoy sled can deliver up to 400 Amps of corrosion protection enough to protect 80,000 square feet of steel. The conventional alternative protection would need 32 US tons of sacrificial aluminum.

Applications
Offshore platform jacket retrofit. Very effective on multi-jacket complexes, capable of protecting multiple structures. Spread-moored FPSOs. Large dock structures. Two 400 Amp units prior to deployment.

Main Benefits
The lowest installed cost in the industry. Installation cost drives offshore CP retrofit budgets: install a single RetroBuoy sled or 48 pairs of sacrificial anodes weighing 500kg each. Being a remote system, current distribution is optimized, and potential levels are maintained within a tight range over the whole structure. Exhaustive attention has been given to every design detail; RetroBuoy is modular and redundantly designed. The design allows the system to be quickly customized to provide sled current capacities from 250-500 Amperes for 15-25 year design life. It also allows us to provide prompt delivery typically 4-6 weeks from order.

Available integral cable deployment hopper can simplify installation.

RetroBuoy installed on bottom.

RetroBuoy during float deployment.

All four anode floats deployed.

Specifications
Anode Elements: Mixed metal oxide (MMO) activated titanium tubular 1.25 x 48 (31.75 x 1219 mm), center compression connected. Anodes triple coated. Number of rods will vary between 6 and 32 depending on required life and current. Buoyancy Modules: Tri-part syntactic foam 28 lb/ft (0.4485 g/cm ) with depth rating of 1000 f.s.w. (305 meters). Three or four buoyancy modules provided depending on required life and current. Overall dimensions: 12 diameter x 72 long (305 x 1829 mm). Main Feed Cables: 4/0 A WG (approx. 120 mm2), HMWPE insulated & bedded, contra-helical double galvanized steel wire armor package, HMWPE overall jacket. Two or three cables will be provided depending on required life and current (Note: cable specified is for fixed jacket applications only). Cable Connections: Made inside an oil-filled, pressure compensated junction box. Each anode element is on a separate parallel circuit. Tethers: Braided stainless steel. Frame & Cable Hopper: Welded steel construction, coated and provided with sacrificial anode CP for required life. Power Supply: Transformer rectifier DC voltage is normally maintained to 24V, but may have to increase to either 36V or 48V for current ratings above 400 Amps or water depth over 250 ft (76 m).
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RetroBuoy Jr Impressed Current Cathodic Protection for Life Extension for Smaller Structures by Deepwater Corrosion Services

State-of-the-art impressed current technology for smaller structures, docks and jetties. Compact size for installation from small vessels.

RetroBuoy Jr. in situ, protecting a pier structure. The semi-remote location maximizes current.

Product Overview
RetroBuoy Jr. is a smaller, more compact version of Deepwaters standard RetroBuoy. Where the RetroBuoys 400 Amp output capability makes it ideal for large structures and FPSOs, the RetroBuoy Jr.s 200 Amp output makes it ideal for smaller structures, docks, and jetties. RetroBuoy Jr. has a single buoyancy module that can be equipped with anode rods to provide current ratings from 100 to 200 Amperes for up to a 20-year design life, depending on the needs of the asset to be protected. The compact size facilitates installation from small support vessels, making the system

ideal for inshore dock and jetty type applications, as well as bridge-connected offshore platform complexes with power. RetroBuoy systems cut retrofit costs by delivering more cathodic protection, more efficiently. One typical RetroBuoy Jr. sled can protect up to 40,000 square feet of steel. The conventional alternative protection would need 16 tons (US) of sacrificial aluminum.

When installed on a fixed structure, RetroBuoy Jr. sits on bottom inside or outside of the jacket

Applications
Offshore platform jacket retrofit. Docks, Jetties, piers, and other in-shore structures. Small structures with power. The cable to the rectifier on the surface is secured to the member by a variety of available clamping and strapping mechanisms.

Main Benefits

A 150 Ampere sled, as shown, replaces approximately 12 tons of aluminum anodes and will protect a typical 4 pile jacket in 100 feet of seawater. The compact size lends itself well to semi-remote installation inside or close to the jacket structure. Installation is a snap; one day is typically all that is required. The buoyant anode concept lets the anode elements stay in seawater where they can operate at maximum efficiency, the free floating module works with the environment, providing long term reliability.

Specifications
Anode Elements: Mixed metal oxide (MMO) activated titanium tubular 1.25 x 48 (31.75 x 1219 mm) center compression connected. Anodes triple coated. Number of rods will vary between 2 and 4 depending on required life and current. Buoyancy Modules: Tri-part syntactic foam 28 lb/ft (0.4485 g/cm ) Depth rating 1000 f.s.w. (305 meters). One buoyancy modules provided. Overall dimensions: 12 diameter x 72 long (305 x 1829 mm). Main Feed Cables: 4/0 A WG (approx. 120 mm2), HMWPE insulated & bedded, contra-helical double galvanized steel wire armor package, HMWPE overall
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jacket. Two or three cables will be provided depending on required life and current (Note: cable specified is for fixed jacket applications only). Cable Connections: Made inside an oil filled, pressure compensated junction box. Each anode element is on a separate parallel circuit. Tethers: Braided stainless steel. Frame: Welded steel construction, coated and provided with sacrificial anode CP for required life. Stabilization: Depending on bottom conditions, the sled may be additionally stabilized with concrete articulated mattresses.

Raparound Anode Impressed Current Cathodic Protection for Jetties & Piers in Harsh Conditions by Deepwater Corrosion Services
Anode system with ultra-heavy duty support frame, impact absorbing composite shield, and double steel wire armored supply cable designed to take abuse.

Raparound installed around a pier piling in Cook Inlet, Alaska.

After two harsh winter freezes, the Raparound is still firmly in place.

Product Overview
The Raparound anode system has been designed with harsh environments in mind. From the ultra-heavy duty support frame to the impact absorbing composite dielectric shield and the double steel wire armored supply cable, this anode is designed to take abuse and continue working. The design allows back-to-back installation to provide up to a 100 Ampere capacity anode for pile diameters between 12 and 48. Pictured unit is single sided. The triple coated MMO activated titanium anode rod provides superior resistance to abrasion, and the modular Delrin anode housing design affords excellent protection and long-term chlorine resistance to the oversized anode rod. Originally designed for the Cook Inlet, Alaska, the Raparound has proven itself in extensive time trials, surviving in the rapid ice-laden currents and punishing winter freezes where no other anode system has come close. Deepwater is confident that the Raparound will survive any harsh environment where other anodes have not.

24 hinged 50 Ampere harsh environment anode assembly.

Applications
Any steel-piled marine structure.

Small offshore jacket structures

Main Benefits
Pile mounted anodes have historically suffered electromechanical problems. On the Raparound, all these deficiencies have been engineered out.

Hinged one-piece diver-friendly design means that installation is safe and easy.

The two-layer dielectric shield (elastomeric outer shield with thermo-plastic inner shield) provides impact resistance against ice or other floating debris.

Raparound anodes completely encased in ice

The center-connected anode rod provides excellent long term reliability (it is the same technology as used on the RetroBuoy high capacity ICCP systems).

The structure as a whole after harsh winter freezes: not one anode performance failure.

Specifications
Current Rating: 30 - 50 Amps for 20 Years. Frame: 1/2" Steel ruggedized frame hot dip galvanized. Diver friendly hinged attachment: 12" - 60" Diameter. HPile or hex pile adapter available. Shield: Neoprene / PE Composite design; provides impact resistance and dielectric strength. Anode Housing: Black Delrin.

Anode Element: Mixed metal oxide (MMO) center connect tube, 1" x 39". Supply Cable: 70 mm PE/PE/DGSWA/PE
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VSE Anode (Vaulted Seawater Envelope) Sub-Bottom CP for Wind Turbines & Shallow Water by Deepwater Corrosion Services
Reliable long-term cathodic protection in shallow water locations where the anode system must be buried below natural bottom.

Product Overview
The VSE (Vaulted Seawater Envelope) anode is designed to provide reliable long-term cathodic protection in shallow water locations where the anode system must be buried below natural bottom. The anode design maintains the MMO activated element in a silt-free seawater envelope, and current is discharged from the anode footprint. This allows optimization of current rating versus dimension, thus minimizing installation cost, and increasing reliability. The anode structure is engineered to selfbury, and the ultra rugged construction will withstand suction dredging or bottom trawl operations. This makes the VSE ideal for retrofit, as well as for new construction, when shallow water structures are at stake. Designed for the offshore wind energy operators, VSE offers an elegant green impressed current solution, utilizing

Anode system discharges current from base and vents anode gases through the upper ridge.

VSE anode installed on bottom: it is already beginning to silt over

renewable energy.

Applications
Offshore wind-turbines Shallow water offshore / inshore structures Docks, wharves, piers and jetties Offshore pipelines Outfalls and other inshore structures

Main Benefits
Reliable operation of impressed current in saline mud / sand burial situations. Will work in seawater, river, or brackish water. Simplified installation. Can be installed under scour protection (rip rap) without fear of damage. Optimized low resistance vs. dimension for a buried anode system. VSE anode completely buried after 9 months; photographed on a service visit.

Construction

RetroClamp Tie-Back Clamping System for Subsea Cathodic Protection Systems by Deepwater Corrosion Services

Fast, reliable, diver & ROV friendly, electro-mechanical tieback.

Standard RetroClamp for pipelines, pipes and small diameter tubulars.

RetroClamp with SunStation readout, nicknamed SmartClamp CP Monitor

Product Overview
RetroClamp provides fast reliable electro-mechanical tieback for subsea cathodic protection systems. Originally designed for pipeline CP retrofit applications, the RetroClamp is now widely used in a variety of subsea retrofit projects. The standard RetroClamp for tubulars is pictured above. Please also see RetroClamp CP, a modified version of RetroClamp which facilitates the attachement of anodes directly to the clamp. Deepwater Corrosion Services is a recognized leader in offshore cathodic protection retrofit innovation. Hundreds of RetroClamp clamps are now in service in the Gulf of Mexico, and many have been installed by ROV. The installation efficiency of the RetroClamp has saved customers hundreds of thousands of dollars. Successive iterations have significantly improved the product.

RetrocClamp installation

Customized wellhead RetroClamp.

RetroClamp is also routinely customized for application to wellheads, vessels, and largediameter members. It has been modified to allow subsea attachment of a wide variety of equipment, including cable runs and monitoring instruments. The customized wellhead RetroClamp pictured to the right facilitates rapid attachment to a subsea pipe flange via a diver or ROV.

Main Benefits
Rapid installation even over concrete weight coatings. Requires only partial excavation of buried pipelines for attachment. Constant tension provides long-term reliability through vibration or thermal expansions. Hollow ground tip contact (for pipelines) eliminates stress-raisers and replaces expensive friction welding. Conventional cone tip available for structural connections. Open-base design ensures clamp will pull loose if snagged, preventing any damage to pipeline. Easily handled by ROVs. Available in sizes from 4 to 60. Most sizes in stock for immediate delivery.

RetroClamp CP Cathodic Protection Clamping System by Deepwater Corrosion Services

A simplified subsea cathodic protection attachment solution for pipelines and other subsea structures.

RetroClamp CP puts the fix where it is needed quickly & effectively.

Product Overview
RetroClamp CP by Deepwater Corrosion Services is a simple modification to Deepwater's RetroClamp diver & ROV friendly tie-back clamping system. RetroClamp CP allows attachment of anodes directly to the clamp at the pipeline or metal structure. Now an ROV or diver can quickly install retrofit anodes to a subsea pipeline or other tubular section to add local cathodic protection in an optimized and predictable manner. This solution has evolved based on previous project fixes designed and supplied by Deepwater on an ad hoc basis. RetroClamp CP provides a simple effective solution to localized damage to offshore pipelines, or can provide retrofit to a whole pipeline system if there is a reason why the SmartMat or RetroSled options are not preferred. It provides a perfect fix for damaged field joints, or localized coating damage on pipelines. I can also provide a fix for deepwater mooring components or subsea production equipment. The anodes can be added to any RetroClamp. Each anode has a net weight of 15 lb (7 Kg) and is cast from either Deep 7 or Deep 10 Aluminum Alloy. Anodes are added in pairs (30 lb) increments to maintain balance and load distribution.

Anodes fit all clamp sizes and are always available in stock, as are most standard clamp sizes.

A convenient calculator is provided below, which can help you see how much current and life an array of anodes can provide. Clamps can accommodate more anodes as the diameter increases; each anode is sized to provide performance which approximates the original bracelet anodes installed on most pipelines. The cross section is capable of sustaining a 10 year design life in seawater and 15 years in mud.

I-Clip Anti-Corrosion Pipe Support Clips for Grinnell Clamps & Pipe Cradles By Deepwater
Clips on to new or existing saddle clamp-style supports, eliminating the crevice at the support.

I-Clip shown in situ on a saddle clamp support.

I-Clip retrofitted or pre-installed in Grinnell clamps.

Description
I-Clip by Deepwater is an individual pipe support clip installed on the inside diameter of a pipe saddle (10 foot diameter). The clips themselves are mechanically held in place, allowing them to be retrofitted easily along existing pipe runs. New Grinnell and cradlestyle supports can also be easily fitted with I-Clip systems. I-Clips are made out of a variety of materials, suited for elevated temperatures and large weight loads. I-Clips are available to fit all standard size Grinnell clamps and pipe Saddles. I-Clips can be installed in new or existing pipe support clamps.

Applications
Pipe cradle retrofits Large diameter band clamps Concrete or timber pier supports High load riser clamps

Key design points


Half-round shape The half-round shape minimizes contact between the pipe and the support, eliminating the crevice. Keeping water out keeps corrosion at bay. Maintenance I-Clips also provides an electrically isolated stand-off between the pipe and the supporting beam or saddle clamp. This allows for easy maintenance and inspection, while preventing galvanic corrosion between dissimilar metals (the pipe and support). Durability

The I-Clip also has excellent compressive strength, UV stability, and a very low friction coefficient, ensuring reliable service for as long as the pipe requires it.

Specifications
Below are the basic specifications for I-Rod and TRod HT, the materials used to make the I-Clip. Deepwater has also begun to offer PEEK material for environments that prove too severe for either (though these instances are rather rare). For information on PEEK, or a specifications for any other aspect of Deepwater's pipe support systems, please contact Farwest Corrosion Control Company.

I-Clip Dimensions for Grinnell Clamps

Pipe Diameter 3 4 6 8 10 12 14

Clamp ID (A) 4" 5" 7.125" 9.125" 11.25" 12.75" 14"

Clamp Thickness (T) 0.250" 0.250" 0.375" 0.375" 0.500" 0.500" 0.500"

Clamp Width (W) 1.00" 1.25" 1.50" 1.50" 2.00" 2.00" 2.50"

Internal I-Clip Height 0.25" 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25

No. Clips Required 4 4 6 8 8 8 8

I-Clip Height 0.688" 0.688" 0.688" 0.688" 0.688" 0.688" 0.688"

I-Clip Length 1.50" 1.75" 2.00" 2.00" 2.50" 2.50" 3.00"

I-Rod Diameter 1.5" 1.5" 1.5 1.5" 1.5" 1.5" 1.5"

Part No. IRD0190 IRD0191 IRD0192 IRD0193 IRD0194 IRD0195 IRD0196

16 18 20 24 28 30 32

16" 18" 20" 24" 28" 30" 32"

0.500" 0.625" 0.625" 0.625" 0.625" 0.750" 0.750"

2.50" 2.50" 2.50" 3.00" 3.00" 4.00" 4.00"

0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.25

10 10 10 12 14 16 16

0.688" 0.688" 0.688" 0.688" 0.688" 0.688" 0.688"

3.00" 3.00" 3.00" 3.50" 3.50" 4.50" 4.50"

1.5" 1.5" 1.5" 1.5" 1.5" 1.5" 1.5"

IRD0197 IRD0198 IRD0199 IRD0200 IRD0201 IRD0202 IRD0203

I-Clip Dimensions for Pipe Saddles

Nominal Clamp Cradle Pipe Radius Thickness Size (R) (T) 3" 2" 0.250" 4" 2.5" 0.375" 6" 3.5625" 0.500" 8" 4.5625" 0.500" 10" 5.625" 0.500" 12" N/A 0.500" 14" N/A 0.500" 16" N/A 0.500" 18" N/A 0.500" 20" N/A 0.500" 24" N/A 0.500" 28" N/A 0.500" 30" N/A 0.500" 32" N/A 0.500

Cradle Width (W) 4" 4" 4" 4" 4" 4" 4" 4" 4" 6" 6" 6" 6" 6"

Arc Length 4" 5" 7" 9" 11" 13" 15" 17" 19" 21" 25" 29" 31" 34"

Internal I-Clip No. Clips I-Clip I-Rod Height of Part No. Height Required Length Diameter I-Clip 0.688" 0.25" 2 4.5" 1.5" IRD0204 0.688" 0.25" 2 4.5" 1.5" IRD0205 0.688" 0.25" 3 4.5" 1.5" IRD0206 0.688" 0.25" 4 4.5" 1.5" IRD0207 0.688" 0.25" 4 4.5" 1.5" IRD0208 0.688" 0.25" 4 4.5" 1.5" IRD0209 0.688" 0.25" 5 4.5" 1.5" IRD0210 0.688" 0.25" 5 4.5" 1.5" IRD0211 0.688" 0.25" 6 4.5" 1.5" IRD0212 0.688" 0.25" 6 6.5" 1.5" IRD0213 0.688" 0.25" 6 6.5" 1.5" IRD0214 0.688" 0.25" 7 6.5" 1.5" IRD0215 0.688" 0.25" 7 6.5" 1.5" IRD0216 0.688" 0.25" 8 6.5" 1.5" IRD0217

I-Clip Material Overview


Max Operating Temp F 194 340 480 600 480 C 90 171 249 315 249 Melting Point F 329 N/A 644 705 N/A C 165 N/A 340 374 N/A Compr. Strength PSI 16000 22000 20000 20000 29000 Maximum Load Kg 3630 5000 4550 4550 6600

Material I-Rod I-Rod HT PEEK PEEK HT PEEK BG

I-Rod (Standard) Full Specifications


Property Value Density, 73 F Tensile Strength, 73 F Tensile Modulus of Elasticity, 73 F Elongation (at break), 73 F Flexural Modulus of Elasticity, 73 F Flexural Strength, 73 F Compressive Strength, 10% def, 73 F Coefficient of Friction (dry vs steel) Dynamic IZOD Impact (notched), 73 F Hardness, Rockwell, 73 F Deformation Under Load Melting Point Coefficient of Linear Expansion Continuous Service Temperature Heat Deflection Temperature, 264 psi Flammability Rating Volume Resistivity Dielectric Strength, Short Term Units psi psi % psi psi psi ft-lbs/in of notch % F in/in/F F F Ohm-cm V/mm ASTM Test D792 D638 D638 D638 D790 D790 D695 PTM 55007 D256 D785 D621 D3418 E831 D648 VL94 D257 D149 Value 1.41 9,800 440,000 30-60 455,000 13,800 16,000 0.25 1.5 119-122 1.0 329 -5 5.8 x 10 194 220 HB 15 1.0 x 10 420

I-Rod (High-Temperature) Full Specifications


Property Value Density, 73 F Tensile Strength, 73 F Tensile Modulus of Elasticity, 73 F Elongation (at break), 73 F Units psi psi % ASTM Test D792 D638 D638 D638 Value 1.28 16,500 475,000 80

Flexural Modulus of Elasticity, 73 F Flexural Strength, 73 F Compressive Strength, 10% def, 73 F Coefficient of Friction (dry vs steel) Dynamic IZOD Impact (notched), 73 F Hardness, 73 F Melting Point Coefficient of Linear Expansion Continuous Service Temperature Heat Deflection Temperature, 264 psi Flammability Rating Volume Resistivity Dielectric Strength, Short Term Thermal Conductivity

psi psi psi ft-lbs/in of notch F in/in/F F F Ohm-cm V/mm BTU-in/ ft2 hr F

D790 D790 D695 PTM 55007 D256 D785 D3418 E831 D648 UL94 D257 D149 C177

500,000 20,000 22,000 0.42 0.5 R125 / M112 N/A -5 3.1 x 10 340 392 V-O 6.7 x 1017 830 0.90

MA-1 Monitored Anode for Cathodic Protection Monitoring by Deepwater Corrosion Services
A reliable, accurate method for monitoring anode performance and consumption. Can be hardwired to the surface, or connected to a SunStation subsea readout.

Product Overview
The Deepwater Polatrak MA-1 Monitored Anode provides a reliable, accurate method for monitoring anode performance and consumption. It can be hardwired to the surface, or connected to a SunStation subsea monitor, making it suitable for any depth. The MA-1 allows accurate logging of the total number of Ampere-hours delivered by the anode. The time-consuming acts of cleaning an anode and then visually estimating consumption (an inherently unreliable exercise) are no longer required. The unique design of the monolithic isolators used in the system provides 100% life cycle reliability; there are no insulated flange joints to fail. The double armored wires used on all Polatrak instruments ensure full life cycle performance. Polatrak monitors have an excellent track record of success and are installed on more offshore structures worldwide than any other fixed monitoring system. The system has been applied to all galvanic anode types, platform anodes, flush mount anodes and pipeline bracelet anodes.

Monitoring anode consumption allows an operator to predict CP system life.

Applications
Offshore platform jackets & drill rigs. Seawater ballast banks on SPAR, TLP, and FSU / FPSO structures. SPAR center well areas. Inshore structures, piers, jetties, wharves. Subsea equipment (when used with SunStation subsea readout). Offshore pipelines MA-1 bracelet anode installed in Alaska.

Main Benefits
Allows accurate measurement of anode consumption and remaining life without

interference with the anode. Gives direct verification of CP design criteria. Proven reliability; these instruments are installed on many of the worlds premier offshore structures and have been used to write the book on CP design in many emerging offshore areas. Guaranteed performance; Polatrak instruments come with the best warranty in the industry.

MA-1 monitored legs only option.

MA-1 Specifications
Cable: 4 x 12 AWG, two-conductor, doublearmored, polyurethane insulated and jacketed cable. Shunt: Precision 0.0025 ohm (50 mV = 20 A). Single or double leg monitoring. Isolator: Delrin monolithic joint. Options: - Single or dual shunted legs (if one leg, then the other end shall be insulated as above, without the shunt). - Full anode assembly or monitored legs only.

Monitored anode fabrication facility.

SunStation Polatrak Cathodic Protection Monitoring by Deepwater Corrosion Services

Solar cell powered, convenient, cathodic protection monitoring solution for subsea applications where ROV assisted CP surveys are conducted.

SunStation solar panel housing and ultrabright LED readout on a RetroClamp. The potential provided on the readout comes from a zinc electrode mounted on the clamp.

Product Overview
The Deepwater Polatrak SunStation provides an improved, low-cost, convenient, cathodic protection monitoring solution for any subsea application where ROV assisted CP surveys are conducted. No more fooling with ROV mounted probes, or having to get a qualified inspector offshore. The SunStation digital readout is powered by solar cells, which are powered by the lights of the ROV. Each SunStation is a single-channel device with an independent ground, thus any Polatrak instrument can output to this device. Anode currents, for example, can now be read directly, in real numbers, as can current densities. This system can save an operator hundreds of thousands of dollars in reduced inspection time, and improves quality and repeatability of data to

Underwater cage with two SunStations.

a level never before available. The readouts are strategically located where ROV intervention is required; CP inspection is achieved whenever the ROV visits. The mounting panel around the unit indicates inspection point location information and the designation of each channel.

Applications
Subsea trees & manifolds Deepwater flow lines Floating production systems Pipeline sleds Inside soft ballast tanks and center wells Anywhere ROV CP inspection is required Integral solar panels (top photo) eliminate the need for batteries an power the digital readout from an external light source.

Main Benefits
Competitive pricing provides rapid ROI.

Eliminates the need for OQ personnel offshore.

Provides repeatable accurate data and eliminates operator error. Provides positive real-time verification of electrical continuity or isolation. A close up of the LED display, housed in the Delrin version of the enclosure, which is rated to approx. 300 meters.

Eliminates the hassle of ROV interfaced probes.

Provides more selective measurement at points not easily accessible with an ROV mounted probe.

Reduces cost and eliminates wear and tear on ROV systems.

Specifications
Depth Rating: 1,000 FSW (300 m) with Delrin Housing or 10,000 FSW (3000 m) with SS Housing.

Design Life: 20 years.

Readouts: Four 12 mm (0.5") LED digits 2 Volt (1 mV resolution) - 200 mV (0.1 mV resolution)

Housing: Delrin, heavy-wall thermoplastic, or 316 stainless steel (depending on depth requirements). Lens: Acrylic.

The rear of the SunStation CP Test Panel.

Antifouling: CuNi lens fasteners.

Interface: V-String reference electrodes & ground. MA-1 Monitored anode. DR-2 Reference Electrode. DR-2 CD Polarization Monitor. Can take any DC input from passive sensors. Can be mounted to a RetroClamp for retrofit applications (clamp provides reference ground).

V-String Zinc Reference Electrode Polatrak Cathodic Protection Monitoring by Deepwater Corrosion Services
A low-cost zinc reference electrode for offshore platform and pipeline monitoring.

Product Overview
The Polatrak V-String electrode by Deepwater Corrosion Services is a low-cost zinc reference electrode designed for offshore platform and pipeline monitoring. The ultra-rugged construction and ease of installation make this a viable tool for CP retrofit monitoring or to supplement other Polatrak monitoring instruments. Accuracy is 0.02V, which is adequate for a general performance monitor. The electrode wire typically consists of a galvanized steel aircraft cord with a PVC jacket and an over-braid of polyester fibers. This combination makes the electrode virtually indestructible. V-String reference electrode in situ on a retrofitted CP monitoring system.

Applications
Offshore platform jackets & drill rigs.

Seawater ballast banks on SPAR, TLP, and FSU / FPSO structures.

Risers.

V-String reference electrode and RetroClamp assembly.

Inshore structures, piers, jetties, wharves.

Inside J-tubes or in tight spaces where CP has to be monitored.

Main Benefits
Low cost and ease of installation allow many more reference points to be sampled.

Low profile and lack of welded attachments allow electrode location in node crotches, inside annular spaces, and on pipelines and risers.

Lack of a copper cable allows the electrode element to polarize any pinhole or small defects in the conductor, keeping the electrode serviceable.

Steel cable can be literally tied like a rope to subsea members and will not abrade, making VString perfect for low cost monitoring system retrofits.

Specifications

V-String reference electrode in situ on a pipeline, held in place with RetroClamp.

V-String conductor: galvanized or stainless steel wire with PVC or nylon coating per MIL SPEC: MIL-DTL-83420.

Illustration of preformed small-cord cable and strands, 1x19 class. A flexible strand of 19 wires, as generally used for yachting and guywire purposes.

Diameter, inches 1/16 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/18

Lbs per 1000 ft 8.5 20 35 55 77 135 310 300

Breaking strength, lbs 500 1,200 2,100 3,300 4,700 8,200 12,500 18,000

DR-2 Dual Reference Cell Polatrak Cathodic Protection Monitoring by Deepwater Corrosion Services
A rugged dual element reference electrode to provide CP status for 20 years.

Product Overview
The Deepwater Polatrak DR-2 is a rugged dualelement reference electrode designed to provide CP status for 20 years. Hundreds of these electrodes are in reliable service all over the world. The current DR-2 has an improved machined black Delrin body, which enhances the impact resistance of the assembled instrument. A sintered Ag/AgCl reference electrode provides very accurate potential data to monitor polarization of the structure. A heavy-duty zinc electrode element serves as a long-term, ultrareliable, low-resolution electrode. The dual-element (Ag/AgCl sw / Zinc) reference electrode is designed for weld-on, bolt-on or clamp-on attachment to an offshore structure. Designed for permanent monitoring of cathodic protection systems, the electrode has a 20-year design life. Added to the back of the instrument is a 10 square foot current density monitoring array, such that polarization data may be logged directly from the instrument. DR-2 Dual Reference Cell in fabrication. The DR-2 dual reference cell is equipped with one Ag/AgCl and one Zn reference electrode for unparalleled accuracy.

Available remote control monitoring systems are standard on new structures. Polatrak systems give you the option to tie into communication lines, providing remote cathodic protection monitoring over existing infrastructure.

Applications
Offshore platform jackets & drill rigs. Seawater ballast tanks on SPAR, TLP, and FSU / FPSO structures. SPAR center well area. Inshore structures, piers, jetties, wharve. Subsea equipment wired to SunStation permanent readout. As impressed current CP controller. DR-2 Mark 1 in situ. The casing has been replaced by black Delrin on the current version, Mark 2.

Main Benefits
Structures with permanent CP monitoring systems can be inspected subsea much less frequently. The rugged design allows the system to be preinstalled or retrofitted. The double steel wire armored cable can be free routed on offshore structures thus saving cost of conduit or duct systems. The dual elements combine high accuracy 0.005V with proven longevity. Available with integrated current density monitor (product ID: DR-2CD).

Specifications
Zinc Electrode Material Dimensions Weight Anti-passivation Accuracy Material Dimensions Weight Accuracy Zinc (high purity 99.95%) 6 x 5 x 11.5" 12 lbs (5.45 kg) Embedded carbon steel rods 0.02 V Sintered Ag/AgCl w/ silver wire core 0.47" dia. x 0.20" (12 mm dia. x 5 mm) 0.09 oz (2.5 g) 0.005 V

Ag/AgCl Electrode

Electrode Housing Cable Encapsulation

Material Dimensions Type

Black Delrin 18" x 5" x 4" (45.7 x 12.7 x 10.2 cm)

Cold-mold soft polyurethane made inside


embedded PVC condulet within electrode housing. ASTM A36 carbon steel Marine epoxy 2 pipe coupling or 2 150# blind flange 2 x #12 AWG PVC insulated, PU bedded, DGSWA, HMWPE sheathed 0.560" (1.4 cm) 9" (23 cm) 0.366 lb (0.167 kg) 0.260 lb (0.120 kg)

Electrode Frame

Cable

Material Coating Conduduit interface Type OD Bend radius Weight/foot in air

DR-2 CD Polarization Monitor Polatrak Cathodic Protection Monitoring by Deepwater Corrosion Services
A rugged dual element reference electrode to provide CP status for 20 years.

Product Overview
The Deepwater Polatrak DR-2 CD polarization monitor combines the standard DR-2 dualelement reference electrode with a 1 square meter current density monitor, thus providing a compact package which will give accurate polarization data from a single instrument. The instrument may be either hard wired to a surface location or locally into a SunStation readout module. The sintered Ag/AgCl reference electrode provides very accurate potential data to monitor polarization of the structure. The heavy-duty zinc electrode The DR2 CD combines two instruments: the DR-2 reference cell (yellow and black) and a current density monitor (top array).

element provides a long-term, ultra-reliable, lowresolution electrode. The compact current density coupon allows placement in confined spaces. The rugged dual-element (Ag/AgCl sw / Zinc) reference electrode is designed for weld-on, bolt-on or clamp-on attachment to an offshore structure. Designed for permanent monitoring of cathodic protection systems, the electrode has a 20-year design life. Added to the back of the instrument is a 1 square meter current density monitoring array, such that polarization data may be logged directly from the instrument. Use of permanent monitoring systems has grown recently, based on increased integrity emphasis and the ease of data telemetry. The DR-2 CD represents the latest innovation in cathodic protection monitoring from the worlds leading supplier of these systems.

DR-2 CD shown in-situ on bare framing of an offshore jacket.

Applications
Offshore platform jackets & drill rigs.

Seawater ballast tanks on SPAR, TLP, and FSU / FPSO structures.

SPAR center well areas.

Inshore structures, piers, jetties, wharves.

Offshore installation in progress.

Subsea equipment wired to SunStation permanent readout.

As impressed current CP controller.

Main Benefits
Structures with permanent CP monitoring systems can be inspected subsea much less frequently.

The rugged design allows the system to be preinstalled or retrofitted.

The double steel wire armored cable can be free-routed on offshore structures, thus saving cost of conduit or duct systems.

The dual elements combine high accuracy 0.005V with proven longevity.

Ideal for seawater ballast tanks or areas where post installation access is difficult.

Specifications
Zinc Electrode Material Dimensions Weight Anti-passivation Accuracy Material Dimensions Weight Accuracy Material Dimensions Type Zinc (high purity 99.95%) 6 x 5 x 11.5" 12 lbs (5.45 kg) Embedded carbon steel rods 0.02 V Sintered Ag/AgCl w/ silver wire core 0.47" dia. x 0.20" (12 mm dia. x 5 mm) 0.09 oz (2.5 g) 0.005 V Black Delrin 18" x 5" x 4" (45.7 x 12.7 x 10.2 cm) Cold-mold soft polyurethane made inside embedded PVC condulet within electrode housing. ASTM A36 carbon steel Marine epoxy 2 pipe coupling or 2 150# blind flange 27 x 6 x 6 (68.6 x 15.2 x 15.2 cm) ASTM A36 carbon steel, 0.125" (3 mm) plate Natural Ddelrin isolation plate and spacers Sandblast 1 mV = 10 mA per square meter 42 x #12 AWG PVC insulated, PU bedded, DGSWA, HMWPE. Sheathed available upon request.

Ag/AgCl Electrode

Electrode Housing Cable Encapsulation

Electrode Frame

Dimensions Current Density Fins

Cable

Material Coating Conduit interface WxHxD Material Insulator Finish Shunt Type

Overview of Polatrak CP Probes by Deepwater Corrosion Services

Choice of probes for offshore, subsea cathodic protection status measurement.

ROV II probe performing a pipeline survey.

ROV II Probe with dual Ag/AgCl reference electrodes.

Deep-C-Meter kit includes an ROV II probe, pictured here on the ROV T-Handle.

CP Gun delivered in a protective case.

CP Gun
Twin Ag/AgCl Electrodes Contact Probe (Bathycorrometer Style) Replaceable Electrodes Rated to 1000 fsw (305 m) Integral Voltage Readout Diver Held

DC-II Drop Cell


Twin Ag/AgCl Electrodes Proximity Probe (Drop Cell or Dip Cell Style) Rated to 1500 fsw (458 m)

ROV II Probe
Twin Ag/AgCl Electrodes Proximity or Contact Probe Rated to 10,000 fsw (3050 m) Diver Held or ROV interfaced

Deep-C-Meter
Twin Ag/AgCl Electrodes Contact Probe Replaceable Electrodes Integral Voltage Readout Rated to 10,000 fsw (3050 m)

ROV interfaced

Close Proximity Electrode


Twin Ag/AgCl Electrodes Proximity Probe Rated to 1000 fsw (305 m) Diver Held

Probe Selection Guide


DC-II Electrode type Twin Ag/AgCl Replaceable No electrodes? Depth rating 1500 ft Integral voltage No readout? Can be ROV No interfaced? Uses Drop cell for platform or dock surveys CP Gun Twin Ag/AgCl Yes 1000 ft Yes Yes Prox Electrode Twin Ag/AgCl No 1000 ft No Yes ROV II Twin Ag/AgCl Yes 10,000 ft No Yes Deep-C-Meter Twin Ag/AgCl Yes 10,000 ft Yes No Deep water ROV inspections (pipelines, mooring, subsea equipment etc.)

Diver or ROV Diver assisted Any underwater assisted platform inspection surveys where inspections requiring tip a limited no. of contact readings are capability needed

CP Gun Diver-Held Cathodic Protection Probe by Deepwater Corrosion Services


A bathycorrometer-style, diver-held, dual-element probe for cathodic measurements.

Product Overview
The Deepwater Polatrak CP Gun is designed for situations where a few contact CP readings are required. The unit has twin elements for real-time self calibration, and dual ultra-bright LED readouts for use in dark waters or strong currents, where visibility is low. These standard Polatrak features provide an unparalleled level of accuracy and redundancy. The Polatrak CP Gun is rated for use in depths up to 1000 feet (300 meters). The unit has a convenient power-switch and operates on two 9 Volt alkaline batteries. This combination will allow the user to stretch the 4-week battery life over an entire dive season. The CP Gun is self-calibrating. Each LED is wired to a separate, individual reference element -essentially two probes in one. The CP Gun kit comes complete with operating and calibration instructions and a comprehensive supply of spare parts.

The CP Gun is ergonomically designed for divers, with a pistol-grip and a convenient, thumb-operated switch (red).

Applications
Ship hull surveys

Platform surveys

Dock and jetty surveys

The ultra-bright LED display distinguishes the CP Gun from other bathycorrometer-type probes.

Main Benefits
Guaranteed accuracy, common error sources are eliminated with the twin element configuration.

Self-contained and self-calibrating. No tie-ins to the dive umbilical are required.

No battery chargers required, a full season from standard alkaline batteries. CP Gun Kit delivered in a protective

case. All parts are replaceable.

ROV II Cathodic Protection Probe by Deepwater Corrosion Services


The world's best selling undersea general purpose tip-contact CP probe.

Product Overview
The Deepwater Polatrak ROV II is the world's best selling general purpose tip contact undersea CP probe for offshore application. It was the first such probe to be manufactured with twin elements to allow on-line calibration, eliminating time-consuming procedures on-site, and reducing a large percentage of user error. The ROV II easily interfaces with the ROV, but can also be held by divers. It serves as either a tip-contact or proximity-style probe, and if ROV operators want to avoid connection to the umbilical, the ROV interfaces with Deepwater's Deep C Meter, providing a self-contained, direct subsea readout, viewable on the ROV's video camera. Like all Polatrak CP probes, the ROV II is fully field-serviceable, with plug-in electrode elements and interchangeable components.

ROV II shown on compliant T-Handle mount

Applications
Platform and riser surveys

As remote for multiple electrode surveys

Drill rigs & FPSO surveys

ROV II Probe, pictured here on the ROV T-Handle, being used in Deep-C-Meter kit.

Ballast & water tank surveys

Jetty & dock surveys

Main Benefits
Guaranteed accuracy; common error sources are eliminated with the twin element configuration.

Can be used in tip contact or proximity mode with a surface ground wire.

Rugged construction allows easy replacement of worn parts without replacing entire probe.

Simple interface to Deep-C-Meter System or wire through ROV umbilical.

ROV II used for Standard Pipeline Cathodic Protection Survey (ROV II THandle not used)

Hundreds in service; proven track record.

Companion Products
Polatrak Deep-C-Meter.

Polatrak DC-II Drop Cell as a compatible remote cell for multiple-electrode surveys.

Deep-C-Meter ROV Subsea Readout System for CP Monitoring by Deepwater Corrosion Services
A self-contained CP monitoring system for deep-water ROV applications.

Product Overview
The Deepwater Polatrak Deep-C-Meter is a selfcontained CP monitoring system designed for deep-water ROV applications. It is a completely self-contained system capable of monitoring contact CP potentials with the ROV II Cathodic Protection Probe (no intervention with ROV systems in required). The system is comprised of three basic components: 1) Readout Unit with twin voltmeters housed in a stainless steel pressure housing. 2) Probe with a twin-element, tip contact, CP probe (Polatrak Model ROV II), and 3) Flying Lead, a 2-meter long umbilical that connects the probe to the readout. Rated for operation in up to 10,000 feet (3000 m) depth, this is the most widely used system of it's kind worldwide. The instrument readout unit can be conveniently mounted anywhere on the ROV while the probe unit is held in the T-handle manipulator mount. Polatrak Deep-C-Meter with ROV II mounted on T-Handle.

Applications
Deepwater subsea equipment ROV CP surveys Polatrak Deep-C-Meter Readout Unit on Articulated Readout Mount

Anode and field gradient surveys

Deepwater Flow-line surveys

Main Benefits
The entire system can be installed on an ROV in minutes. It requires no interface to the ROV umbilical system.

All data are recorded on the video display. Like all Polatrak CP Probes, it has twin electrodes for on-line calibration and redundancy.

The Polatrak Deep-C-Meter comes in a rugged field case.

The unit runs on 9V alkaline batteries triggered by a photo-cell, allowing the batteries to last an

entire dive season with continuous operation.

All parts are serviceable. Each unit comes with a comprehensive spares package.

The readout unit can be configured to work with any of Deepwater'a standard CP probes to read potential, anode currents, current density or electrical field gradient (EFG).

DC-II Drop Cell / Dip Cell for CP Monitoring by Deepwater Corrosion Services
The standard proximity probe for a topside drop cell cathodic protection survey.

Product Overview
The Deepwater Polatrack DC-II is the first and only twin-element portable reference electrode of its kind. The twin electrode elements provide absolute verification of calibration and eliminate survey inaccuracies. The DC-II is used to survey more offshore structures worldwide than any other portable electrode system, and is the most often specified instrument. The evolution of this instrument has occurred over 15 years; the best combination of cable specification, handling, ease of use, and most importantly, accuracy. This standard of excellence has been achieved by talking closely with the people that use the product: the offshore CP technician. Trips offshore are expensive; dont risk your data integrity. Specify the Polatrak DC-II and get the job right first time, every time. Deepwater

The DC-II comes complete with 250 ft of high grade seismic cable on a nonmetallic reel. A comprehensive instruction manual ensures that you get accurate surveys every time.

Corrosion Services Inc. is a recognized leader in the field of offshore and marine cathodic protection monitoring innovation. Deepwater's depth of experience is unparalleled in the industry.

Main Benefits
Guaranteed accuracy; common error sources are eliminated with the twin element configuration.

Rugged; these electrodes have been used on more surveys on offshore structures than any other drop cell.

Price competitive; the DC-II costs about the same as old-fashioned single element electrodes.

Twin Ag/AgCl Electrodes.

Rated to 1500 fsw (458 m)

Applications
Platform and riser surveys. As remote for multiple electrode surveys. Drill rigs & FPSO surveys. Ballast & water tank surveys. Jetty and dock surveys.