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MERPRO LIMITED Solids Transportation - TORE LANCE Merpro Technology Document - MTD002-2

MERPRO TECHNOLOGY DOCUMENT - MTD002-2

TORE LANCE

Merpro Limited Bristol 4 High Street Nailsea Bristol England BS48 1BT T +44 (0)1275 866000 F +44 (0)1275 866033 E info@merproprocess.com Web Site: www.merpro.com

Merpro Limited - Montrose Brent Avenue Montrose Angus Scotland DD10 9JA T +44 (0)1674 662200 F +44 (0)1674 662266 E info@merpro.com

MTD002-2 - TORE LANCE.doc Merpro Ltd

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MERPRO LIMITED Solids Transportation - TORE LANCE Merpro Technology Document - MTD002-2

POLICY STATEMENT This is one of a series of documents designed to inform the reader about Merpros process technologies. Supplementary technical information can be obtained on request from Merpro. INTRODUCTION This document introduces Merpros TORE LANCE technology, outlining what TORE LANCE does, how it works and key advantages which accrue through TORE LANCE operation. The document highlights operating principles and applications in industry. Appropriate project references are listed. WHAT IS TORE LANCE? TORE LANCE is a portable solids transportation device which incorporates TORE in conjunction with a jet pump. It is a solids removal system and can operate from any vessel at atmospheric pressure requiring only a water feed. The 1" TORE LANCE has been designed for hand operation. The 2" model can either be used, as shown, by two operatives or by using an additional boom support. The TORE LANCE is supplied in stainless steel with ceramic or metallic inserts for the jet pump. Hose connections are provided for the water supply and slurry discharge.

1" TORE LANCE Figure 1


MTD002-2 - TORE LANCE.doc Merpro Ltd Page 2

2" TORE LANCE

Issue 1 24/01/02

MERPRO LIMITED Solids Transportation - TORE LANCE Merpro Technology Document - MTD002-2

WHAT DOES TORE LANCE DO? The TORE LANCE units are designed to be used to remove solids, easily, from locations which would otherwise require manual digging. The TORE LANCE is a mobile system and can be used to remove material from difficult to reach areas of tanks / pits and even sacks (as the level of fluidisation can be set such that the lance removes all materials, including motive water).

Figure 2 - TORE LANCE in operation, removing oily mill scale from a pit

MTD002-2 - TORE LANCE.doc Merpro Ltd

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MERPRO LIMITED Solids Transportation - TORE LANCE Merpro Technology Document - MTD002-2

HOW DOES TORE LANCE WORK? TORE fluidises the solids to be transported then the jet pump provides the motive force for fluidised solids transportation. The TORE device enables the level of fluidisation to be accurately controlled to give the maximum desirable concentration of solids in the outlet line. TORE LANCE is shown in Figure 3 below and outlines the operation. Water is fed to the TORE LANCE via a flexible hose and the operating valve is adjusted to regulate distribution of the water to either the jet pump or slotted TORE. The jet pump provides the motive force for transportation of the solids whilst the water exiting the TORE generates a vortex to fluidise the solids and control the flow of slurry to the jet pump. The action is similar to that of a tornado.

Figure 3 - TORE LANCE Operation


Both the 1" and 2" TOREs are designed to operate with a maximum feed pressure of 12 Barg; the feed flow required being 9 and 36 m/hr respectively. The exact feed pressure required to transport the solids over a given distance and the discharge slurry concentration is dependant on the nature of the solids and the routing for the discharge pipework. However, during tests, a 1" TORE successfully transported sand (S.G. = 2.6) at rates of up to 1.2 te/hr over a distance of 46 metres. Attached are typical calculation charts for both the 1" and 2" TORE LANCE.

MTD002-2 - TORE LANCE.doc Merpro Ltd

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MERPRO LIMITED Solids Transportation - TORE LANCE Merpro Technology Document - MTD002-2
OPERATIONAL DATA FOR 1" TORE LANCE - INDUCTION CHAMBER ONLY - TORE CLOSED DURATION OF RUN Feed pressure barg 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 Feed flowrate m /hr 4.0 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5
3

120 solids mass flowrate tph 1.4 2.2 2.6 3.0 3.3

MINUTES Solids concentration by mass % 23.0 32.0 35.0 32.5 30

Solids concentration by volume % 10.1 15.1 16.9 15.4 13.9

Feed water volume liters 8000 10000 11000 12000 13000

Solids transported kg 2800 4400 5200 6000 6600

Solids transported actual liters 1057 1660 1962 2264 2491

Solids transported bulk liters 1761 2767 3270 3774 4151

OPERATIONAL DATA FOR 1" TORE LANCE - INDUCTION CHAMBER AND TORE FULLY OPEN

DURATION OF RUN

120

MINUTES

Feed pressure

Feed flowrate m /hr 5.5 6.5 7.0 7.5 7.8 Assumptions :


3

solids mass flowrate

Solids concentration by mass % 11.0 16.0 23.0 27.0 29.0

Solids concentration by volume % 4.5 6.7 10.1 12.2 13.4

Feed water volume liters 11000 13000 14000 15000 15600

Solids transported

Solids transported actual

Solids transported bulk liters 881 1509 2201 2767 3145

barg 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0

tph 0.7 1.2 1.8 2.2 2.5

kg 1400 2400 3500 4400 5000

liters 528 906 1321 1660 1887

1 - feed water volume is calculated assuming that discharge water is not recycled to the feed tank 2 - common sand (particle size 1 - 2 mm, SG = 2.65 ) is the basis for the above table. 3 - The feed pressures are based on 15m slurry discharge line.

MTD002-2 - TORE LANCE.doc Merpro Ltd

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MERPRO LIMITED Solids Transportation - TORE LANCE Merpro Technology Document - MTD002-2

SIMULATION DATA FOR 2" TORE LANCE - INDUCTION CHAMBER ONLY - TORE CLOSED DURATION OF RUN Feed Feed pressure flowrate barg 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 m /hr 15.0 17.5 21.0 23.0 24.5
3

120 solids mass flowrate tph 7.0 9.0 11.0 12.0 13.0

MINUTES Solids concentration by mass % 22.5 32.0 35.0 32.5 30

Solids concentration by volume % 9.9 15.1 16.9 15.4 13.9

Feed water volume liters 30000 35000 42000 46000 49000

Solids transported kg 14000 18000 22000 24000 26000

Solids transported actual liters 5283 6792 8302 9057 9811

Solids transported bulk liters 8805 11321 13836 15094 16352

SIMULATION DATA FOR 2" TORE LANCE - INDUCTION CHAMBER AND TORE FULLY OPEN 120 solids mass flowrate barg 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 Assumptions : 1 - feed water volume is calculated assuming that discharge water is not recycled to the feed tank 2 - common sand (particle size 1 - 2 mm, SG = 2.65 ) is the basis for the above table. 3 - The feed pressures are based on 15m slurry discharge line. m /hr 21.0 24.5 26.5 28.0 29.5
3

DURATION OF RUN Feed pressure Feed flowrate

MINUTES Solids concentration by mass % 11.0 16.0 23.0 27.0 29.0 Solids concentration by volume % 4.5 6.7 10.1 12.2 13.4 Feed water volume liters 42000 49000 53000 56000 59000 kg 6000 10000 14000 18000 20000 Solids transported Solids transported actual liters 2264 3774 5283 6792 7547 Solids transported bulk liters 3774 6289 8805 11321 12579

tph 3.0 5.0 7.0 9.0 10.0

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MERPRO LIMITED Solids Transportation - TORE LANCE Merpro Technology Document - MTD002-2

BENEFITS OF USING TORE LANCE The use of the TORE LANCE has several benefits: Eliminates the need to handle heavy items such as buckets, drums, or bags Will allow solids to be removed from confined spaces, where digging with spades is not possible Can transport solids up to 46m, over level ground Can reduce dust levels as the solids are wetted as it is removed Can be machine mounted for heavy duty or remote operation No moving parts in contact with the solids Quiet operation

TORE LANCE APPLICATIONS TORE LANCE is typically employed to: Remove solids and sludge from tanks and vessels Remove sludge from sewers Feed solids to systems such as TORE SCRUB to clean solids; or reintroducing solids into the inlet of a reactor clarifier Boost the slurry flowrate out of liquid filled caissons or wells

REFERENCES Customers include: British Nuclear Fuels Ltd North West Water plc British Petroleum Intank Systems Felijas & Mason Mud Processors, USA Non Entry Systems Darlow Lloyd Oman municipality AIOC Philips Petroleum

For additional references and project examples please refer to: Merpro Ltd TORE Reference List

MTD002-2 - TORE LANCE.doc Merpro Ltd

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