Anda di halaman 1dari 763

Aspen Capi t al Cost

Est i mat or V7.1


User Gui de

Ver si on Number : V7.1
Januar y 2009
Copyright ( c) 2001- 2009 by Aspen Technology, I nc. All right s r eserved.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or , t he aspen leaf logo and Plant elligence and Ent erprise Opt imizat ion are t r ademarks or
regist er ed t rademarks of Aspen Technology, I nc. , Bur lingt on, MA.
All ot her brand and product names are t rademarks or regist ered t rademar ks of t heir respect ive companies.
This document is int ended as a guide t o using AspenTech' s soft war e. This document at ion cont ains AspenTech
propriet ary and confident ial informat ion and may not be disclosed, used, or copied wit hout t he prior consent of
AspenTech or as set fort h in t he applicable license agreement . User s are solely responsible for t he proper use of
t he soft war e and t he applicat ion of t he result s obt ained.
Alt hough AspenTech has t est ed t he soft ware and reviewed t he document at ion, t he sole warrant y for t he soft ware
may be found in t he applicable license agreement bet ween AspenTech and t he user . ASPENTECH MAKES NO
WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATI ON, EI THER EXPRESSED OR I MPLI ED, WI TH RESPECT TO THI S DOCUMENTATI ON,
I TS QUALI TY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABI LI TY, OR FI TNESS FOR A PARTI CULAR PURPOSE.
Aspen Technology, I nc.
200 Wheeler Road
Burlingt on, MA 01803- 5501
USA
Phone: 781 221- 6400
Toll Free: 888 996- 7100
URL: ht t p: / / www. aspent ech. com
Cont ent s 3
Cont ent s
Cont ent s ............................................................................................ 3
I nt r oduci ng Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or ....................................... 13
Main Feat ures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Det ailed EPC Est imat es. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
CPM Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
I nformat ion Tracking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Proj ect Workflow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
The Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Organizat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Relat ed Document at ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
I nst allat ion Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Known I ssues and Workarounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
New Feat ures in Aspen Engineering V7. 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
I carus Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Piping and I nst rument at ion Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed ............................................................................. 18
St art ing Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
St art ing a Proj ect Scenario. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Creat ing a New Proj ect Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
I mport ing a Proj ect Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Opening an Exist ing Proj ect Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Palet t e Short cut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Underst anding t he I carus I nt erface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Proj ect Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Main Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Palet t e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Propert ies Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Cust omizing t he I carus I nt erface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
4 Cont ent s
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Run Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
View Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Tools Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Window Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Help Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Working wit h Proj ect Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Saving Proj ect Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Delet ing Proj ect Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Salvaging Proj ect Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Unlocking Proj ect Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Copying Proj ect Direct ories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Preferences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Backup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Locat ions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Logging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Unzipping Files Aft er Upgrading t o Newer Versions of Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s ............................................................ 61
Proj ect Propert ies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
General Proj ect Dat a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Basis for Capit al Cost s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
I nput Unit s of Measure Cust omizat ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Out put ( Report s) Unit s of Measure Cust omizat ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Design Basis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Cont ingency and Miscellaneous Proj ect Cost s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Escalat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Engineering Workforce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Const ruct ion Workforce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Code of Account s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
I ndexing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Equipment Rent al . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Syst ems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Cont ract s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
I mport ing old St andard basis files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Cust omer Ext ernal Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Proj ect Execut ion Schedule Set t ings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Adj ust ing Schedule and Barchart s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Cont ent s 5
Set t ing Delivery Times for Equipment Classes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Scheduling I ndividual Proj ect Component s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Adding Bar Chart I t ems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
I PS Proj ect Schedule Set t ings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Using Aspen I carus Proj ect Scheduler ( I PS) in t he Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Schedule Appearance Adj ust ment s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Schedule Adj ust ment s by Durat ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Schedule Adj ust ment s by Act ivit y and Logic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Primavera I nformat ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Process Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Simulat or Type and Simulat or File Name. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Simulat or Unit s of Measure Mapping Specs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Proj ect Component Map Specificat ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Default Simulat or Mapping Specs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Design Crit eria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Ut ilit y Specificat ions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
I nvest ment Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
I nvest ment Paramet ers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Operat ing Unit Cost s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Raw Mat erial Specificat ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Product Specificat ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Developing St reams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
Viewing or Modifying an Exist ing St ream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202
Mixt ure Specs Dialog Box. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Est imat ion of Ut ilit y Usage and Result ing Cost s in Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
St ream Connect ivit y. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Creat ing A New St ream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208
Delet ing a St ream. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Specificat ion Libraries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
Cust omizing Specificat ion Libraries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Select ing Specificat ion File for Use in a Proj ect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Changing File Direct ory Locat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
I nst rument Field Hook- Up Cust omizat ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Using t he Plot Plan Layout Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
Workflow for Plot Plan Layout Tool: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a ........................................ 225
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225
Preparing Simulat ion Report s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
AspenPlus Report Generat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
AspenPlus Aspen Process Economic Analyzer Simulat or link 230
ChemCAD Report Generat ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
6 Cont ent s
HYSI M Report Generat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
HYSYS Report Generat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
SimScis PRO/ I I wit h PROVI SI ON Report Generat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238
Loading Simulat ion Dat a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
Viewing Dat a Derived from Simulat or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
Working wit h Block Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
Displaying t he Block Flow Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
The Drag & Find Feat ure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244
Accessing Commands in t he Block Flow Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Zooming. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
BlockFlow Diagram View Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Mapping Simulat or I t ems t o I carus Proj ect Component s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249
Component St at us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255
Delet ing Mappings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Tower Configurat ions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
Sizing Select ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Proj ect Sizing Select ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Specifying Addit ional Component s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Working wit h Process Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Edit ing t he Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Process Flow Diagram View Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
Set t ing Grid Propert ies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Edit ing Connect ivit y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274
Adding a St ream. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276
Drawing a Disconnect ed St ream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Working wit h St reams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s ........... 281
Adding a Report Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282
Adding an Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Copying a Report Area over anot her Report Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
Defining Area Specificat ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
Met hod 1: Defining area specificat ions using Proj ect View. . . . . . 284
Met hod 2: Defining area specificat ions using Spreadsheet View286
Adding and Defining Pipeline Areas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287
Adding a Proj ect Component . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288
Met hod 1: Dragging a Component from t he Palet t e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288
Met hod 2: Using t he Pop- up Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290
Ent ering Component Specificat ions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
Defining I nst allat ion Bulks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
Mat l/ Man- hours Adj ust ment s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295
Mat l/ Man- hours Addit ions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
Pipe General Specs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
Pipe I t em Det ails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298
Cont ent s 7
Duct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Civil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
St eel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
I nst rument at ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Elect rical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
I nsulat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
Paint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
I mport ing Areas and Component s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306
I mport ing an Ent ire Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
Copying Component s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
Cut and Past e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
Drag and Drop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
Modifying Component s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
Copying Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
Delet ing Component s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310
Re- numbering Component s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311
Delet ing Areas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311
Re- numbering Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312
Using t he Cust om Model Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312
Creat ing a Templat e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317
Running t he Cust om Model Tool at Proj ect - Level for Bat ch
Updat e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s ......................................................... 320
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Sizing for Proj ect Component s Mapped from Simulat or I t ems. 320
I nt eract ive Sizing Expert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321
Sizing for Proj ect Component s Not Mapped from Simulat or I t ems322
Resizing Proj ect Component s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322
Creat ing St reams t o Connect t o Equipment I t ems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Using t he I nt eract ive Sizing Form. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328
Ut ilit y Resources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330
Global Sizing Select ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334
Sizing Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337
Sizing Requirement s, Calculat ions, and Default s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339
Air Coolers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339
Agit at ed Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341
Compressors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342
Crushers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
Cryst allizers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344
Dryers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345
Dust Collect ors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346
Filt ers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347
Heat Exchangers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347
8 Cont ent s
Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 351
Screens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353
Towers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354
Vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s ............................................ 376
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376
Using t he P&I D Edit or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376
Feat ures of P&I Ds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376
P&I D Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377
P&I D Layout and St ruct ure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377
The Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or PI D Layout : Radpfs I nt erface380
Working wit h Port s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
Edit ing P&I Ds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385
Adding I nst rument at ion Loops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388
Efficient PI D Creat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394
Cosmet ic Tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
Cust om Equipment Symbols. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 398
Modifying a syst em equipment symbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399
I mport ing an equipment symbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
Creat ing an equipment symbol from scrat ch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401
Line sizing Tut orial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401
Using Cust om P&I Ds in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or . . . . . . . . . . . 406
Working wit h Non- Graphic P&I D Dat a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411
Saving Coimponent I nformat ion as Non- Graphical P&I D . . . . . . . . 411
Creat ing Non- Graphical P&I D Libraries Out side a Proj ect . . . . . . . 412
I mport ing Ext ernal P&I D Dat a. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412
I nt erconnect ing Volumet ric P&I D Lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418
Open a Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418
Run I nt erconnect Piping Lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418
Connect ing Piping Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420
Disconnect ing Piping Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421
Renaming a Line Tag. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421
Saving All Connect ions and ( opt ionally) Updat ing t he Proj ect . 422
Get t ing t he Connect ed Line List Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422
Mapping St reams t o Piping Lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424
I mport ing 3D Piping and St ruct ure Dat a Using t he Smart Plant 3D
Aspen I carus I nt erface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424
Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424
St ep 1: Export ing Dat a from Smart Plant 3D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425
St ep 2: I mport ing t he dat a t o Aspen I carus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
St ep 3: Loading t he Dat a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433
Known I ssues. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433
Cont ent s 9
7 Devel opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es........................................... 435
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
Equipment Model Library ( EML) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
Unit Cost Library ( UCL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Developing and Using an Equipment Model Library ( EML) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Creat ing an EML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Adding an I t em t o an EML. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438
Adding an EML I t em as a Proj ect Component . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440
Developing and Using a Unit Cost Library ( UCL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442
Creat ing a Unit Cost Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442
Adding an I t em t o a UCL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 444
Adding a UCL I t em t o a Proj ect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447
Creat ing an Assembly of UCL I t ems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 449
Working wit h Cost Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453
Copying a Library I t em . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453
Delet ing a Library I t em. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453
Escalat ing Library Cost s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453
I mport ing a Cost Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454
Duplicat ing a Cost Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 455
Delet ing a Cost Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on ........................................ 457
Changing Plant Capacit y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457
Analyzer Scale- Up Module ( ASM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459
How ASM Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459
Scale- Up Rule Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460
Scale- Up for Configurat ion Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461
Analyzer Relocat ion Module ( ARM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461
Relocat ion Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462
Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462
How t he Analyzer Plant Relocat ion Module ( ARM) Works. . . . . . . . 463
Relocat ing t he Proj ect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466
ARM Knowledge Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es ................................................................. 477
I nt roduct ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477
Analyzer Ut ilit y Modules ( AUM) Design and Scope Generat ors
for Ut ilit y Syst ems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478
AUM_CW: Cooling Wat er Ut ilit y Select ion, Sizing, and Design
Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478
AUM_Air: I nst rument and Plant Air Ut ilit y Select ion, Sizing, and
Design Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 479
Analyzer Ut ilit y Module ( AUM) Cooling Wat er ( AUM_Wat er) . . . . . . . . . . . . 480
10 Cont ent s
I nt roduct ion t o Analyzer Ut ilit y Module ( AUM) Cooling Wat er . 480
1. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482
2. Working wit h t he Cooling Wat er Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 484
3. Working wit h t he Cooling Wat er Model Worksheet s . . . . . . . . . . 491
4. Basis for t he Cooling Wat er Design Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 501
Not es t o Analyzer Ut ilit y Model ( AUM) Users: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514
AUM_Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514
Ut ilit y Design and Scope Generat or for I nst rument and Plant Air514
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514
Proj ect areas and t heir proj ect component s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515
Benefit s: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515
How AUM_Air Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516
General AUM_Air Workflow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516
Using AUM_Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517
Accessing AUM_Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517
The I nit ial Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519
Modifying Air I nst rument , Plant Dat a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521
Guide for t he Air Ut ilit y Model ( AUM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524
SPECS Organizat ion Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524
About t his SPECS Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524
About an Air Plant Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526
About Dist ribut ion Piping for an APU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526
Schemat ic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527
Configurat ion of Air Ut ilit y Proj ect Component s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528
Proj ect Component s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528
An Air Plant Unit - APU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 529
Schemat ic of an Air Plant Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530
General Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 531
Mult iple Air Plant Unit s for Mult iple Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 531
Compressor Redundancy: Mult iple, St and- by, St art - up . . . . . . . . . 532
Design Considerat ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532
Unit s of Measure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532
Air Ut ilit y Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533
Air Ut ilit y Proj ect Component s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533
I nst rument Air ( I A) Requirement s: Air Flow Rat e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 534
Plant Air ( PA) Requirement s: Air Flow Rat e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 534
Compressor Model Select ion Met hod. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535
I nt eract ive Specs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538
User Preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539
Equipment Redundancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539
Equipment Configurat ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 540
Basis for Design: Preferences - 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 540
Configurat ion Layout Met hod and Dist ribut ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543
Example layout group of areas served by APU A . . . . . . . . . . . . . 544
Cont ent s 11
Circuit Preferences: Configurat ion of APUs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 544
Sample Layout s: One APU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545
Sample Layout s: Mult iple APUs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545
Design Met hods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545
Basis for Sizing Air Dist ribut ion Piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546
Sample AUM_Air Worksheet s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 547
List of AUM_Air Worksheet s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 548
Welcome Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 548
Cont rol Cent er Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549
Guide Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549
St at us Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 554
Preferences Worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556
Configurat ion Part 1: Assignment of Plant Air t o Areas Not
Requiring I nst rument Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 558
Configurat ion Part 2: Assignment of Areas t o an APU. . . . . . . . . . . . 558
Report Equipment Component St at s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 559
Report Pipe St at s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect .............................................................. 562
Running a Proj ect Evaluat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 562
Reviewing Result s in I carus Edit or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564
Print ing a Single Sect ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565
I carus Edit or Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 566
Report Sect ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 567
Proj ect Schedule. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570
Reviewing Result s in Aspen I carus Report er . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 574
Accessing Aspen I carus Report er . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 574
Aspen Icarus Reporter Menu Bar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 576
Which Report Mode? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
St andard Report s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
List of St andard Report s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583
HTML Report s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 588
Management Report s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 590
Excel Report s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 594
Dat a Trending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 599
I mport ing Dat a int o Aspen I carus Report er . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 602
Creat ing a User Dat abase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 603
Reviewing I nvest ment Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605
Viewing I nvest ment Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605
Equipment Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605
Proj ect Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606
Cashflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614
Execut ive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 622
12 Cont ent s
Using t he Report ing Assist ant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 626
I t em Evaluat ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 630
11 I nt r oduci ng I PS ........................................................................ 636
12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS .......................................................... 638
St art ing I carus Proj ect Scheduler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 638
St art ing a Proj ect Scenario. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 639
Creat ing a New Proj ect Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 640
Opening an Exist ing Proj ect Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 642
Underst anding t he I carus I nt erface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 648
13 I PS Pr oj ect Schedul e Set t i ngs .................................................. 650
I PS Proj ect Schedule Set t ings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650
Schedule Appearance Adj ust ment s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651
Schedule Adj ust ment s by Durat ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 656
Schedule Adj ust ment s by Act ivit y and Logic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 661
Primavera I nformat ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 672
I PS Appendi x A: Engi neer i ng and Pr ocur ement Act i vi t y Number s . 675
Numbering Convent ion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675
Appendi x B: Si t e Devel opment and Const r uct i on Act i v i t y Number s717
Numbering Convent ions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 717
List of Act ivit y Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 719
Appendi x C: Equi pment Cl ass Def i ni t i ons....................................... 725
Appendi x D: Equi pment Codes ....................................................... 727
Appendi x E: Tut or i al ...................................................................... 730
I ndex ............................................................................................. 735

I nt r oduci ng Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or 13
I nt r oduci ng Aspen Capi t al
Cost Est i mat or
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, formerly known as Aspen Kbase, is
a fully int egrat ed, design, est imat ing, and scheduling syst em
designed t o help you evaluat e t he capit al cost of process plant s
worldwide.
Mai n Feat ur es
Det ai l ed EPC Est i mat es
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or uses t he equipment models
cont ained in t he I carus Evaluat ion Engine ( I EE) a knowledge
base of design, cost , and scheduling dat a, met hods, and models
t o generat e preliminary equipment designs and simulat e
vendor- cost ing procedures t o develop det ailed Engineering-
Procurement - Const ruct ion ( EPC) est imat es. Volumet ric models
generat e a cost ed, quant it y t akeoff for t he bulk mat erials
wit hout using fact ors or user input . The volumet ric models also
produce t he quant it ies of pipe, valves, concret e, st eel, and
inst rument s ident ified by t he associat ed equipment or area.
Component s of each line of pipe and inst rument loop are
quant ified and cost ed, enabling you t o view and adj ust
const ruct ion t asks. The Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Work I t em
Models produce t he required man- hours by craft and t ask
needed t o inst all Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or- generat ed bulks,
as well as t he equipment Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or designed,
by simulat ing det ailed design const ruct ion t asks. Finally, t he
Engineering Models in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or produce
man- hours by discipline and engineering work product .
14 I nt r oduci ng Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
CPM Schedul es
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or has a built - in act ivit y net work
generat or t o aut omat ically prepare Crit ical Pat h Met hod ( CPM)
schedules. The EPC est imat e and t he planning schedule are in
t une wit h one anot her, each having been prepared from t he
same proj ect scope.
I nf or mat i on Tr ack i ng
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides t ree diagrams t hat allow
you t o view, t rack and revise informat ion such as power
dist ribut ion, process cont rol net works, t iered cont ract s, areas
and t heir equipment specs, and inst allat ion procedures.
Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
Pr oj ect Wor k f l ow
Before using Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, it may be helpful t o
review t he recommended proj ect workflow:
Not e: Early in t he life of a proj ect , when limit ed mechanical
design det ail is available, you need only ent er a rough out line of
scope t o produce t he init ial est imat e of cost and schedule. As
more informat ion becomes available, t he det ails of t he proj ect
can be ent ered and new report s can be generat ed and analyzed.
1 Creat e proj ect scenario and define propert ies like count ry
base, unit s of measure, and currency.
2 Define design basis ( general mechanical design rules) , wage
rat es and product ivit ies, code of account definit ion and
allocat ion, mat erial and man- hour indexing, equipment rent al,
and proj ect execut ion schedule set t ings.
3 Define t he Power Dist ribut ion syst em ( if desired) .
4 Define t he Process Cont rol syst em ( if desired) and link t o
areas and subst at ions.
5 Add cont ract ors and redefine responsibilit ies ( if desired) and
link t o areas and subst at ions.
6 Run an it em evaluat ion t o produce direct cost s for an
individual component or run a proj ect evaluat ion t o produce
design and cost result s needed t o prepare proj ect report s.
7 View and/ or print report s.
I nt r oduci ng Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or 15
The Gui de
Or gani zat i on
This guide cont ains t he following:
I nt r oduci ng Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or an overview of
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or and t he user' s guide, as well as a
list of relat ed document at ion and informat ion on t echnical
support .
Chapt er 1 Get t ing St art ed inst ruct ions on how t o st art
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, open a proj ect , ent er proj ect
specificat ions, and work wit h t he I carus I nt erface.
Chapt er 2 Defining t he Proj ect Basis inst ruct ions on defining
specificat ions: unit s of measure, st andard basis, component
map, design crit eria, invest ment analysis, raw mat erial, product ,
operat ing unit cost s, and ut ilit y.
Chapt er 3 Loading and Mapping Simulat ion Dat a inst ruct ions
on preparing different kinds of simulat or report s for use in Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or, loading simulat or dat a, mapping
simulat or models t o I carus proj ect component s, adding
addit ional component s t o simulat or models, and viewing and
defining simulat or models in Block Flow Diagram ( BFD) and
Process Flow Diagram ( PFD) view.
Chapt er 4 Defining Areas, Report Groups, and Proj ect
Component s inst ruct ions on how t o define areas and report
groups and t hen populat e t hem wit h proj ect component s, which
are t he pieces of t he process plant t hat , when linked t oget her,
complet e a process.
Chapt er 5 Sizing Proj ect Component s inst ruct ions on sizing
proj ect component s.
Chapt er 6 Piping and I nst rument at ion Models inst ruct ions
on accessing t he P&I D Edit or and creat ing and select ing cust om
P&I Ds.
Chapt er 7 Developing and Using Cost Libraries inst ruct ions
on developing cost libraries and adding library it ems as proj ect
component s.
Chapt er 8 Changing Plant Capacit y and Locat ion inst ruct ions
on using t he plant scale- up and relocat ion modules available if
you are licensed t o use Aspen Decision Analyzer.
16 I nt r oduci ng Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
Chapt er 9 - Analyzer Ut ilit y Modules inst ruct ions on using
Analyzer Ut ilit y Modules for cooling wat er and air.
Chapt er 10 Evaluat ing t he Proj ect inst ruct ions on running a
proj ect and it em evaluat ions and reviewing capit al cost s,
operat ing cost s, and invest ment analysis report s.
Rel at ed Document at i on
I n addit ion t o t his document , a number of ot her document s are
provided t o help users learn and use Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or. The document at ion set consist s of t he following:
I nst al l at i on Manual
Aspen Engineering V7. 1 I nst allat ion Guide
Know n I ssues and Wor k ar ounds
Aspen Engineering V7. 1 Known I ssues
New Feat ur es i n Aspen Engi neer i ng V7.1
Aspen Engineering V7. 1 What ' s New
I car us Ref er ence
Aspen I carus Reference Guide, for I carus Evaluat ion Engine ( I EE)
Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Dr aw i ngs
Piping and I nst rument at ion Drawings, 3rd edit ion
Techni cal Suppor t
AspenTech cust omers wit h a valid license and soft ware
maint enance agreement can regist er t o access t he online
AspenTech Support Cent er at :
ht t p: / / support . aspent ech. com
This Web support sit e let s you:
Access current product document at ion
I nt r oduci ng Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or 17
Search for t ech t ips, solut ions and frequent ly asked quest ions
( FAQs)
Search for and download applicat ion examples
Search for and download service packs and product updat es
Submit and t rack t echnical issues
Send suggest ions
Report product defect s
Review list s of known deficiencies and defect s
Regist ered users can also subscribe t o our Technical Support e-
Bullet ins. These e- Bullet ins are used t o alert users t o import ant
t echnical support informat ion such as:
Technical advisories
Product updat es and releases
Cust omer support is also available by phone, fax, and email. The
most up- t o- dat e cont act informat ion is available at t he
AspenTech Support Cent er at ht t p: / / suppor t .aspent ech.com .

18 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
St ar t i ng Aspen Capi t al Cost
Est i mat or
Aft er complet ing t he inst allat ion, you can st art Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or.
To st ar t Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or :
1 Click t he Wi ndow s St ar t but t on.
2 Point t o Pr ogr ams | AspenTech.

3 Point t o Economi c Eval uat i on 7.1; t hen click Aspen
Capi t al Cost Est i mat or .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or st art s.
The Mai n window, empt y because no proj ect is open, appears
on t he left . The Palet t e appears in t he upper- right and t he
Propert ies Window appears in t he lower- right .
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 19
Not e: You can change t he posit ion of t he Main Window, Palet t e,
and Propert ies Window, as explained under Cust omizing t he
I nt erface Arrangement on page 39.

I f you are also licensed t o use Aspen Decision Analyzer or Aspen
I carus Process Evaluat or ( Aspen Process Economic Analyzer) ,
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays at st art up t he Opt i ons
dialog box, in which you can select t o use Aspen Decision
Analyzer, Aspen Process Economic Analyzer, in t he Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or environment .
I f you are licensed t o use Aspen I carus Proj ect Scheduler ( I PS) ,
you can also select t o use I PS wit h any of t hese opt ions.

20 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
Your select ion makes cert ain feat ures of t he select ed product
available in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
St ar t i ng a Pr oj ect Scenar i o
Not e: Viewing t he sample proj ect scenario provided wit h Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or before creat ing a new one will allow you
t o familiarize yourself wit h Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or wit hout
having t o fill out specificat ions. To open t he sample proj ect ,
follow t he inst ruct ions under Opening an Exist ing Proj ect
Scenario on page 27.
Cr eat i ng a New Pr oj ect Scenar i o
To cr eat e a new pr oj ect scenar i o:
1 Do one of t he following:
On t he Fi l e menu, click New .
- or -
Click on t he t oolbar.
The Cr eat e New Pr oj ect dialog box appears.

Not e: Under Pr ef er ences, you can creat e scenarios in proj ect
direct ories ot her t han t he default one provided by Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or. See page 55 for inst ruct ions on adding proj ect
direct ories.
3 Eit her select an exist ing proj ect in which t o st art a new
scenario, or ent er a new Proj ect Name. Long filenames are
accept ed, including spaces. However, punct uat ion marks,
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 21
such as quest ion marks ( ?) , exclamat ion point s ( ! ) , t ildes ( ~ ) ,
and ast erisks ( * ) , are not allowed.
4 Ent er t he Scenario Name.
This is t he name of t he scenario wit hin t he proj ect . As wit h t he
Proj ect Name, long filenames are accept ed, including spaces,
while punct uat ion marks, such as quest ion marks ( ?) ,
exclamat ion point s ( ! ) , t ildes ( ~ ) , and ast erisks ( * ) are not
allowed.
I f you do not ent er a Scenario Name, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or uses BaseCase as t he default .
5 Click OK.
The Pr oj ect Pr oper t i es dialog box appears.

6 Ent er a Proj ect Descript ion. The descript ion can be up t o 500
charact ers in lengt h and can be comprised of let t ers,
numbers, and punct uat ion. You can ent er or revise t he
descript ion lat er on t he Proj ect Propert ies form accessed from
t he Proj ect Basis view ( see page 62) .
I n t he Unit s of Measure sect ion, you can keep t he default basis
of I nch- Pound ( I P) or select Met ric. The Unit s of Measure
select ion cannot be changed aft er creat ing t he proj ect scenario.
7 I f desired, ent er more det ails about t he proj ect scenario in
t he Remar k s field. Remarks can be up t o 6, 000 charact ers in
lengt h and can be comprised of let t ers, numbers, and
punct uat ion. You can ent er and revise remarks lat er on t he
Proj ect Propert ies form accessed from t he Proj ect Basis view
( see page 62) .
8 Click OK.
22 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he I nput Unit s of Measure
Specificat ions dialog box, which let s you cust omize t he unit s of
measure t hat appear on specificat ion forms.

For example, if you want t o use CM/ H ( cent imet ers per hour)
inst ead of M/ H ( met ers per hour) t o specify conveyor belt speed
in your met ric- basis proj ect , do t he following:
A Select Velocity and Flow Rate and click Modify.
B On the Velocity and Flow Rate Units form, enter CM/H as the new unit
name for M/H. Then enter the conversion factor between the two units in
the Conversion field. In this example, the conversion factor between the
two units is 100 because:
100 CM/ H = 1 M/ H.

C Click OK to accept the modifications and return to the previous dialog
box.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 23
Not e: You can also cust omize input unit s of measure aft er
creat ing a proj ect scenario, t hrough t he Basis for Capit al Cost s
library ( see page 65 for inst ruct ions) .
9 When finished modifying input unit s of measure, click Cl ose.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Gener al Pr oj ect
Dat a form.

Most specificat ions on t his form can be ent ered lat er by select ing
Gener al Pr oj ect Dat a in t he Proj ect Basis view ( see page 63) .
However, count ry base, currency descript ion and symbol, and
allowing pipeline areas can only be select ed at t his t ime.
Sel ect i ng Count r y Base and Cur r ency
The default count ry base is US and t he default currency is
Dollars ( USD) . Changing t he count ry base t o UK, EU, or JP
aut omat ically changes t he currency t o Pounds ( PS) , Euros, or
K- Yen ( KY) , respect ively. You can, however, ent er a currency
different t han t hat of t he count ry base. Just be sure t o also ent er
a currency conversion rat e, which is t he number of currency
unit s per one count ry base currency unit .
24 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
Al l ow i ng Pi pel i ne Ar eas
2 I f t his is t o be a pipeline proj ect , select P in t he Al l ow
Pi pel i ne Ar eas box.
I n a pipeline proj ect , it ems marked wit h a double- ast erisk in
Proj ect Explorers Proj ect Basis view ( see page 61) are not
applicable.
A pipeline proj ect has no mult iple cont ract ors.
A pipeline proj ect will have bot h main ( process) and pipeline
areas. Process equipment may be defined in t he main ( process)
area( s) , but not in t he pipeline areas.
3 Click OK when finished ent ering General Proj ect Dat a.
The Main Window now displays Proj ect Explorer and t he List
view. See Underst anding t he I carus I nt erface on page 28 for
inst ruct ions on working wit h t hese and ot her feat ures now
available on t he int erface.
I mpor t i ng a Pr oj ect Scenar i o
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides an I mport feat ure so t hat
you can import Analyzer 2. 0B, I carus 2000 9. 0, Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer 5. 0/ 5. 1, I PM 5. 0, or Quest imat e 14. 0 proj ect
scenarios int o Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
To i mpor t a pr oj ect scenar i o:
1 Do one of t he following:
On t he Fi l e menu, click New .
- or -
Click on t he t oolbar.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 25
The Cr eat e New Pr oj ect dialog box appears.

Not e: You can creat e scenarios in proj ect direct ories ot her t han
t he default one provided by Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. See
Preferences, part icularly t he Locat ions subsect ion on page
55, for inst ruct ions.
2 Eit her select an exist ing proj ect in which t o st art a new
scenario, or ent er a new Proj ect Name. Long filenames are
accept ed, including spaces. However, punct uat ion marks,
such as quest ion marks ( ?) , exclamat ion point s ( ! ) , t ildes ( ~ ) ,
and ast erisks ( * ) , are not allowed.
3 Ent er t he Scenario Name.
Again, long filenames are accept ed, including spaces, while
punct uat ion marks, such as quest ion marks ( ?) , exclamat ion
point s ( ! ) , t ildes ( ~ ) , and ast erisks ( * ) are not allowed.
Aft er making an ent ry in t he Scenar i o Name field, t he I mpor t
but t on becomes act ive.
4 Click I mpor t .
26 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
The Sel ect I mpor t Ty pe dialog box appears.

5 Select t he proj ect t ype you wish t o import and click OK.
The Br ow se f or Fol der dialog box appears.

2 Select t he proj ect scenario folder and click OK.
The proj ect scenarios set t ings will be import ed int o t he new
proj ect scenario.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 27
Openi ng an Ex i st i ng Pr oj ect
Scenar i o
To open an ex i st i ng pr oj ect scenar i o:
1 Do one of t he following:
On t he Fi l e menu, click Open.
- or -
On t he t oolbar, click .
The Open Ex i st i ng Pr oj ect dialog box appears.

I n t he pict ured dialog box, t he proj ect named Ex pansi on has
been expanded on t he t ree st ruct ure t o show t he scenario
named Asp_Eng01.
The t ree st ruct ure on t he left side of t he dialog box displays t he
proj ect s in t he default proj ect folder:
. . . \ AspenTech\ Economic Evaluat ion V7. 1\ Dat a\ Archives_Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
Clicking + next t o a proj ect expands t he view t o display t he
scenarios under t hat proj ect .
Select ing a scenario displays t he following scenario informat ion
in t he pane on t he right :
Version of Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or in which t he scenario
was creat ed
Name of t he user who creat ed t he scenario
Name of t he comput er on which t he scenario was creat ed
Unit s of measure used in t he scenario
28 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
3 Select a scenario and click OK.
The proj ect scenario opens. The Mai n window now displays
Proj ect Explorer and t he List view. See Underst anding t he
I carus I nt erface on page 28 for inst ruct ions on working wit h
t hese and ot her feat ures now available on t he int erface.
Pal et t e Shor t cut
You can also open a proj ect from t he Palet t e, which appears t o
t he right of t he Main Window in t he default int erface
arrangement ( it can also be float ed in t he Main Window or
dragged ont o t he Main Window and re- sized, as shown below) .
1 I n t he Pr oj ect s t ab view, right - click on a scenario.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Open.

This opens t he select ed scenario.
Under st andi ng t he I car us
I nt er f ace
The I carus int erface let s you see mult iple windows and
document s. You can cust omize t he int erface arrangement . The
following is t he default int erface arrangement , wit h a
specificat ions form open in t he Main Window.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 29


The I carus int erface includes t he following feat ures:
Thi s f eat ur e Does t hi s
Tit le Bar Displays t he proj ect file name and current Main Window
view.
Menu Bar Displays menu opt ions.
Toolbar Allows access t o Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
funct ions. See page 41.
Main Window Provides workspace for all Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
document s, List view, specificat ion forms, and ot her
views. See page 31.
Proj ect Explorer Organizes proj ect it ems in t ree format . See page 29.
Palet t e Allows access t o libraries, proj ect s, and component s.
See page 35.
St at us Bar Displays Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or syst em st at us.
Propert ies Window Describes t he field select ed on specificat ions form. See
page 38.

Pr oj ect Ex pl or er
Proj ect Explorer is a graphical represent at ion of t he proj ect . I t
has t hree views: Pr oj ect Basi s view, Pr ocess view, and
Pr oj ect view. Each view organizes it ems in a t ree format . Swit ch
30 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
views by select ing t he appropriat e t ab at t he bot t om of Proj ect
Explorer. ( St ret ching t he widt h of t he Proj ect Explorer will
display t he full names on t he t abs. ) The different views are
described on page 30.
To ex pand a t r ee l evel :
Click t he PLUS SI GN ( + ) next t o t he condensed level.
To condense a t r ee l evel :
Click t he MI NUS SI GN ( - ) next t o t he expanded level.
Pr oj ect Ex pl or er Vi ew s
Pr oj ect Basi s Vi ew displays proj ect basis specificat ions.
Double- click on a specificat ion t o view and/ or modify it . A red
arrow on an icon in t his view indicat es t hat you can right click on
t he icon for opt ions.
Lev el I con Descr i pt i on
2

Specificat ions folder
3

Specificat ion
Pr ocess Vi ew displays simulat or dat a informat ion. I n t his view,
simulat or it ems can be mapped t o I carus proj ect component s.
Mapped it ems can t hen be sized, modified, and/ or delet ed.
Not e: Simulat ion dat a can only be used in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or if you are licensed t o use I carus Process Evaluat or
( Aspen Process Economic Analyzer) or Analyzer.
As in a process simulat or, like AspenPlus or HYSYS, blocks
represent different operat ions wit hin t he process. A block is
somet imes referred t o as a unit operat ion.
Lev el I con Descr i pt i on
2

Main Proj ect , cont aining a group of simulat or areas
3

Process simulat or area
4

Unmapped simulat or block ( yellow)


Mapped simulat or block ( green)
Pr oj ect Vi ew displays proj ect dat a informat ion. I n t his view,
mapped it ems can be sized, modified, and/ or delet ed. I n
addit ion, new areas and I carus proj ect component s can be
defined.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 31
Lev el I con Descr i pt i on
1

Main Proj ect , cont aining t he default Main Area and any user- added
areas
2

Report Group, displayed only if Show Repor t Gr oup i n Aspen
Capi t al Cost Est i mat or is marked in Preferences ( see page 52 for
inst ruct ions)
3

Area
4

Proj ect component

Mai n Wi ndow
The Main Window is locat ed t o t he right of Proj ect Explorer by
default . The Main Window is a workspace for all Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or document s, t he List view, and ot her views. You
can adj ust t he relat ive size of each window by clicking on t he
division bar and dragging it t o t he desired locat ion.
Not e: Here, t he Main Window in Workbook Mode displays
several t abs because a component specificat ions form
( component A1) and a proj ect specificat ions form ( Escalat ion
Specs) have been opened.

By default , t he Main Window is in Workbook Mode. I n t his mode,
t abs are placed at t he bot t om of t he window. These t abs
represent all windows open in t he Main Window. Clicking on a
t ab brings t he associat ed window t o t he foreground.
32 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
Clicking Ti l e or Cascade on t he Wi ndow menu displays all
windows open in t he Main Window. Regardless of t he window
arrangement , t he t abs are st ill at t he bot t om of t he Main Window
when in Workbook Mode. Clicking t he maximize but t on ( ) on a
window ret urns all windows t o full t ab view. Clicking t he
condense but t on ( ) on t he menu bar displays all windows open
in t he Main Window as t hey were when last condensed.

This is how t he Main Window appears when in Workbook Mode
wit h Cascade select ed as t he condensed window arrangement .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you float Proj ect Explorer, t he
Palet t e, and t he Propert ies Window in t he Main window. When in
t his st at e, t hese windows behave j ust like ot her windows t hat
are part of t he Main Window. See Cust omizing t he I carus
I nt erface on page 39 for det ails.
You can t urn off Workbook Mode by unmarking Wor k book
Mode on t he Vi ew menu. When Workbook Mode is off, no t abs
are displayed; t o bring a window t o t he front , you must click on
t he desired window or select t he desired window from t he
Wi ndow menu.
Li st Vi ew
The List view in t he Main Window displays det ails on it ems
select ed in Proj ect Explorer. For example, when you click on an
area in Proj ect Explorers Proj ect view, t he List view displays a
list of all component s in t he area. This is referred t o as t he
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 33
area- level list ( shown below) , in which t he component s are
displayed in rows wit h component det ails in columns. When you
click on a component in Proj ect Explorers Proj ect view, t he List
provides informat ion only on t he select ed component , wit h
component det ails list ed in rows. This is referred t o as t he
component - level list .

Not e: I n t he int erface arrangement pict ured here, t he Palet t e
and t he Propert ies Window have been hidden t o make room for
t he Main Window.
Press ALT+ 1 t o hide or display t he Palet t e and press ALT+ 2 t o
hide or display t he Propert ies Window. Press ALT+ 0 t o hide or
display Proj ect Explorer.
Fi l t er i ng Mechani sm
You can limit area- level list s t o a single cat egory of component .
To do so, click t he drop- down arrow on t he t oolbar and click on a
cat egory.

34 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
For example, if you click ? I ncompl et e I t ems t he list will only
include component s t hat st ill have specificat ions t hat need t o be
ent ered in order for t he component t o be included in an
evaluat ion.
Col umn Set t i ngs
You can select which columns appear on t he area- level list and in
which order.
To change col umn set t i ngs on t he ar ea- l evel l i st :
1 Right - click on any of t he column headings.
A pop- up menu list s all of t he columns. Columns current ly
displayed are checked.

2 To simply hide/ unhide a column, you can click it on t he menu.
2 To change t he order, click Set t i ngs on t he menu.
The Set t i ngs dialog box appears.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 35

3 To move a column t o t he right on t he List View, click Mov e
Dow n. To move a column t o t he left , click Mov e Up. The
Reset but t on ret urns t o columns t o t he default set t ing
( shown above) .
4 Click OK t o save t he set t ings.
When you rest art Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, all columns will
be displayed in t he default order unless Save Window St at es is
select ed in Preferences ( by default , Save Window St at es is
select ed) . See Saving Window St at es on page 40 for more
informat ion.
Pal et t e
The Palet t e cont ains element s t hat you can apply t o t he proj ect
scenario. I f you t hink of Proj ect Explorer as a pict ure of t he
proj ect scenario, you might t hink of t he Palet t es cont ent s as t he
pigment s and dyes used t o first sket ch out and t hen color in t hat
pict ure.
For example, if you wish t o import areas or component s from
anot her scenario int o your current scenario, you can double- click
on t he scenario in t he Palet t e t o get a list ing of it s areas and
component s and t hen drag t he area/ component t o t he Proj ect
Explorers Proj ect View. ( See I mport ing Proj ect Component s on
page 306. )
36 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed

Likewise, t he Palet t es Libraries view cont ains libraries of Proj ect
Basis specificat ion files t hat , in Proj ect Explorers Proj ect Basis
view, you can select t o use. From t he Palet t e, you can develop
t he libraries by creat ing new files, modifying exist ing files, and
import ing files. ( See Specificat ion Libraries on page 212. )

Finally, when you add a component t o t he proj ect scenario, you
can choose from t he component s list ed in t he Palet t es
Component s view. Then, aft er you add t he component , it
appears in Proj ect Explorers Proj ect view. ( See Adding a Proj ect
Component on page 286) .

1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 37
I n t he default int erface arrangement , t he Palet t e appears on t he
right side of t he screen. Like Proj ect Explorer, it can be displayed
in a variet y of ways. See Cust omizing t he I carus I nt erface
( page 39) for display opt ions. To hide/ display t he Palet t e, press
ALT+ 1 or used t he checked command on t he Vi ew menu.
As indicat ed previously, t he Palet t e has t hree views: Proj ect s,
Libraries, and Component s. The Component s view, shown below,
has a scrollable split window t hat displays det ails on equipment
it ems. The division bar can be adj ust ed t o hide or expand t he
det ails sect ion.
Not e: The Palet t e pict ured in t his sect ion has been dragged ont o
t he Main Window and re- sized.

I n addit ion t o allowing you t o import t he cont ent s of ot her
scenarios, t he Proj ect s view provides opt ions for opening
scenarios, viewing scenario propert ies, and delet ing scenarios.
Right - click on a proj ect scenario t o access t he pop- up menu of
opt ions. The Proj ect s view displays all proj ect s in t he default
proj ect folder and any ot her act ive proj ect folders. ( See
Preferences, part icularly t he Locat ions subsect ion on page
55, for inst ruct ions. )
38 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed

Pr oper t i es Wi ndow
When you select a field on a specificat ions form, t he Propert ies
Window provides a descript ion of t he field. The descript ion oft en
includes minimum, maximum, and default values.

Here, t he Propert ies Window ( docked on t he right side of t he
screen) displays informat ion on t he Process Descript ion field,
which is select ed on t he specificat ions form.
Click on t he Propert ies Window t o freeze and unfreeze t he
cont ent . When t he cont ent is fr ozen, you can move t o anot her
field while ret aining t he descript ion of t he original field in t he
Propert ies Window.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 39
Like t he Palet t e and Proj ect Explorer, t he Propert ies Window can
be displayed in a variet y of ways. See Cust omizing t he I carus
I nt erface on page 39 for display opt ions.

To hide/ display t he Propert ies Window, press ALT+ 2 or use t he
checked command on t he Vi ew menu.
Cust omi zi ng t he I car us I nt er f ace
I n t he default int erface arrangement , Proj ect Explorer docks t o
t he left edge and t he Palet t e and t he Propert ies Window share
t he right . When docked, windows remain at t ached t o an edge
and all ot her windows are sized t o fit in t he remaining space
available.
Right - clicking on a border of any of t hese t hree windows
accesses a pop- up menu from which you can select Al l ow
Dock i ng. When Al l ow Dock i ng is marked, t he window can be
docked t o any edge.

Not e: When Fl oat I n Mai n Wi ndow is select ed on t he
pop- up menu, t he Al l ow Dock i ng opt ion is inact ive.
To dock t o a di f f er ent edge:
1 Click t he border t hat cont ains t he Cl ose but t on ( ) and hold
down t he left mouse but t on.
A bounding out line will appear as you drag t he window.
2 Drag t he out line t o t he desired edge and release t he left
mouse but t on.
40 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed

Here, Proj ect Explorer is docked t o t he t op of t he screen.
When mult iple windows are docked t o t he same edge, you can
use t he division bar t o adj ust t he relat ive sizes. You can also use
t he Cont ract / Expand ( / ) but t ons t o eit her swit ch from one
window t o t he ot her or split t he side.
Undock i ng by Dr aggi ng ont o Mai n Wi ndow
One way t o undock t he window is by dragging it ont o t he Main
Window. I t s size can t hen be adj ust ed.
Fl oat I n Mai n Wi ndow Opt i on
You can at any t ime select Fl oat I n Mai n Wi ndow on t he
pop- up menu. I n t his st at e, t he window behaves like t he List
view or a specificat ions form, wit h a t ab at t he bot t om of t he
Main Window.
Sav i ng Wi ndow St at es
I f you are using t he default Preferences, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or will save t he int erface arrangement . This way, when
you open Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or t he arrangement is t he
same as you left it .
You can also set t he Preferences so t hat Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or opens displaying t he default arrangement . See t he
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 41
sect ion on t he Gener al t ab view of t he Pr ef er ence dialog box
( page 51) for more informat ion.
Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or Tool bar
By default , t he t oolbar is docked under t he menu bar. However,
you can float t he t oolbar by clicking on a blank area of t he
t oolbar and dragging it . You can also dock t he t oolbar t o t he
bot t om of t he screen or vert ically t o t he edge of t he Proj ect
Explorer, Main Window, or t he Palet t e. To do so, drag t he t oolbar
over any one of t hese areas unt il an out line of t he t oolbar
appears. Release t he mouse but t on when t he out line appears in
t he desired area.
The following t oolbar but t ons are available in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or:
Cl i ck
t hi s
t o

Creat e a new proj ect scenario. See Creat ing a New Proj ect Scenario on
page 20.

Open an exist ing proj ect scenario. See Opening an Exist ing Proj ect
Scenario on page 27.

Save t he current proj ect . See Saving a Proj ect Scenario on page 46.

Print .

Run proj ect evaluat ion. See Running a Proj ect Evaluat ion on page 562 for
inst ruct ions.

Load Capit al Cost s and ot her report s. See Reviewing Report s in Aspen
I carus Report er, page 574, for inst ruct ions.

Go back. Navigat e back t hrough previously viewed links.

Go forward. Navigat e forward t hrough previously viewed links.

Ot her but t ons t hat appear on t he t oolbar are always inact ive in
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. They are for use in ot her I carus
programs.
42 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or Menu Bar


Cl i ck
t hi s
t o
New St art a new proj ect scenario. Det ails on page 20.
Open Open an existing project scenario. Details on page 27.
Close Close t he current proj ect scenario.
Save Save t he current proj ect scenario. Det ails on page 46.
Save As Save t he current proj ect scenario as a different file. Det ails on page 46.
I mport Access inst ruct ions for import ing areas and component s. Det ails on page
306.
Export
t o
SPECS
file
Save t he current proj ect scenario as an SPECS ( * . ic2) proj ect file.
Print Print t he form or report current ly act ive in t he Main Window.
Print
Preview
Preview how form or report will appear print ed.
Print
Set up
View and modify print er name and propert ies, paper size and source, and
orient at ion
Page
Set up
Define page specificat ions.
Exit Close Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 43
Run Menu

Cl i ck t hi s t o
Evaluat e
Proj ect
Run a proj ect evaluat ion. See page 562 for det ails.
Develop
Schedule
This sub- menu cont ains commands for use in I carus Proj ect Manager
( Aspen I n- Plant Cost Est imat or) only.
Decision
Analyzer
( Only act ive if you are using Aspen Decision Analyzer in t he Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or environment . ) Accesses opt ions for changing plant
capacit y and locat ion. See Chapt er 8.
Scan for
Errors
Scan for pot ent ial errors in t he proj ect evaluat ion.
Re- number Re- number proj ect component s or proj ect areas so t hat t he numbering
cont ains no gaps. Det ails on page 311.
Vi ew Menu


44 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
Use t hi s t o
Toolbar View or hide t he t oolbar. See page 41 for descript ion of t he t oolbar.
St at us Bar View or hide t he st at us bar. See page 28 for descript ion of t he st at us
bar.
Proj ect
Explorer
View or hide Proj ect Explorer. See page 29 for a descript ion of Proj ect
Explorer.
Palet t e View or hide t he Palet t e. See page 35 for descript ion of t he Palet t e.
Propert ies
Window
View or hide t he Proper t ies Window. See page 38 for a descript ion of t he
Propert ies Window.
Workbook
Mode
Turn Workbook Mode on and off. See page 31 for an explanat ion of
Workbook Mode.
Capit al
Cost s View
Launch Aspen I carus Report er. The Pr oj ect Evaluat ion needs t o have
already been run. See page 574 for det ails.
I nvest ment
Analysis
View
Display I nvest ment Analysis spreadsheet s in Main Window. This opt ion is
not act ive unt il you have run a proj ect evaluat ion. You must also be
licensed t o use I carus Process Evaluat or ( Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer) and/ or Analyzer. See page 605 for informat ion on reviewing
t he I nvest ment Analysis.
Block Flow
Diagram
Display Block Flow Diagram of t he loaded simulat or dat a. This opt ion is
not act ive unt il you have loaded simulat or dat a.
Process
Flow
Diagram
Display Process Flow Diagram. This opt ion is not act ive unt il you have
mapped t he simulat or it ems.
St reams
List
Display a read- only list of all simulat or- derived st ream propert ies in a
spreadsheet . This opt ion is not act ive unt il you have mapped similat or
it ems. You can cust omize some of t he feat ures of t he spreadsheet
( which st ream propert ies t o display, whet her t o display names of t he
propert ies, and t he display st yle of t he propert y values) by edit ing t he
st ream list t emplat e file:
. . . \ Economic Evaluat ion V7. 1\ Dat a\ I CS\ st rlist .fil
Tool s Menu

Use t hi s t o
I carus
Edit or
Launch I carus Edit or. See Reviewing Result s in I carus Edit or on page
564 for inst ruct ions.
Bat ch
I mport
Bat ch import I carus 2000 proj ect s.
Manpower
Product ivit y
Expert
( MPE)
Launch MPE.
Opt ions Access Opt ions sub- menu. See below.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 45

Opt i ons Sub- menu

Use t hi s t o
Aut omat ic
I t em
Evaluat ion
Turn Aut omat ic I t em Evaluat ion on and off. A check mark indicat es t he
feat ure is t urned on. See page 631 for feat ure descript ion.
Cust om
Tasks
This command is reserved for fut ure releases.
Preferences Access Prefer ences. See page 51 for det ails.
Wi ndow Menu

Use t hi s t o
Cascade View t he Main Window cont ent s in Cascade mode. See page 31.
Tile View t he Main Window cont ent s in Tile mode. See page 31.
Arrange Ret urn all minimized windows t o t he bot t om of t he Main Window.
# XXX View opened window in t he Main Window.
Hel p Menu
Use t hi s t o
Cont ent s Access Aspen I carus Help.
Document at ion Access Docs. pdf, which links t o pdfs of all Aspen I carus
document at ion. You must have Acrobat Reader t o access.
Training Access Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat ort raining informat ion on t he web.
Product
Support on t he
Web
Access support . aspent ech. com.
About Access progr am informat ion, version number, and copyright
informat ion.
46 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed

Wor k i ng w i t h Pr oj ect Scenar i os
This sect ion explains how t o save, delet e, salvage, and unlock
proj ect scenarios.
Sav i ng Pr oj ect Scenar i os
To sav e a pr oj ect scenar i o:
Click on t he t oolbar or click Sav e on t he Fi l e menu.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or saves any changes.
To save t he scenar i o w i t h a new name:
1 Click Save As on t he Fi l e menu.
Not e: Save As is useful when st udying alt ernat ives.

Not e: You can save scenarios t o proj ect direct ories ot her t han
t he default one provided by Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. See
Preferences, part icularly t he Locat ions subsect ion on page
55, for inst ruct ions.
2 Specify a Proj ect Name and Scenario Name and click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or saves t he scenario as specified.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 47
Del et i ng Pr oj ect Scenar i os
You should delet e proj ect scenarios when t hey are no longer
needed. Delet ing old scenarios opens free disk space and makes
working wit h scenarios easier.
To del et e a pr oj ect or scenar i o:
1 To delet e a proj ect scenario, right - click on t he scenario wit hin
t he proj ect direct ory and click Del et e on t he pop- up menu.

A dialog box asks you t o confirm delet ion.

Not e: You can select in Pr ef er ences not t o have t his prompt
appear ( see page 51) .
2 Click Yes t o delet e t he proj ect scenario.
- or -
Click No t o ret ain t he proj ect scenario.
Sal vagi ng Pr oj ect Scenar i os
I f you exit Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or abnormally wit hout
being able t o save t he current proj ect scenario, you can salvage
t he proj ect scenario from cached proj ect informat ion.
48 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
To sal v age a pr oj ect scenar i o:
1 Rest art Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. A window appears
asking if you wish t o save t he cached informat ion found in
st orage.

2 Click Yes. Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Sal vage
Pr oj ect As dialog box.

3 Specify a proj ect and scenario name.
You cannot overwrit e t he scenario being salvaged; you must
specify a proj ect and scenario name different from t hat of t he
original scenario.
4 Click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or creat es t he new scenario. Except in
name, t his proj ect scenario will be ident ical t o t he scenario t hat
was open when Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or was abnormally
exit ed. Aft er creat ing t he new scenario, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or asks if you wish t o open it .
Unl ock i ng Pr oj ect Scenar i os
I f Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or crashes while you have a proj ect
scenario open, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or remembers t hat you
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 49
have t he proj ect scenario checked out . When you re- open Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or, you will have t o unlock t he proj ect
scenario before opening it .
Anyone t rying t o open a locked proj ect is denied access and
provided wit h a message t hat st at es t he t ime t he proj ect
scenario was checked out , t he user name of t he person who
checked it out , and t he comput er on which it was checked out .

A proj ect can only be unlocked by t he user who checked it out or
by an administ rat or.
To unl ock a pr oj ect scenar i o:
1 Right - click t he proj ect scenario in t he Palet t e.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Unl ock .

You can now open t he proj ect scenario as you normally would.
Copy i ng Pr oj ect Di r ect or i es
Wit hin a proj ect direct ory, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or creat es
an independent folder for each proj ect and also creat es, wit hin a
proj ect folder, an independent folder for each proj ect scenario.
This makes it easy t o move proj ect scenario files from one
50 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
comput er t o anot her on t he same net work. Simply copy and
past e t he folder in Windows Explorer.
You can also copy an ent ire proj ect direct ory wit h mult iple
proj ect and proj ect scenario folders. Doing so creat es an
ident ical set of folders and files in t he new locat ion.
See Preferences, part icularly t he Locat ions subsect ion on
page 55, for informat ion on adding proj ect direct ories and
set t ing a new default proj ect direct ory.
Pr ef er ences
The set t ings in Preferences let you specify how Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or will act each t ime it is used.
To access Pr ef er ences:
1 Click Opt i ons on t he Tool s menu, and t hen click
Pr ef er ences on t he sub- menu.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Pr ef er ence dialog
box.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 51

2 Cl i ck To do t hi s
OK Save changes and close t he Preferences.
Apply Save changes wit hout closing Preferences.
Cancel Close Preferences wit hout saving changes. ( Clicking Apply and t hen
immediat ely clicking Cancel would have t he same effect as clicking OK. )
Gener al
I n t he Gener al t ab view, you can select t he following:
Pr ompt s - Select which prompt s appear.
Cl ose Pr oj ect prompt t o save any changes when closing
proj ect .
Ov er w r i t e Pr oj ect prompt t o confirm overwrit ing proj ect t hat
has t he same name as t he one being creat ed.
Del et e Pr oj ect prompt t o confirm delet ion of proj ect .
Del et e Ar ea prompt t o confirm delet ion of area.
Del et e Component prompt t o confirm delet ion of component .
52 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
Cancel Component Edi t prompt t o save changes when you
click Cancel aft er edit ing a Component Specificat ions form.
Del et e Li br ar y prompt t o confirm delet ion of a specificat ions
library.
Del et e Repor t Gr oup prompt t o confirm delet ion of a report
group.
Eval uat i on
Di spl ay r esul t s af t er ev al uat i on - mark t o have Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or open a det ailed result s report aft er you run an
evaluat ion.
Scan f or Er r or s bef or e ev al uat i on mark t o have Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or scan for errors before evaluat ion.
I t em Repor t
Select which t ype of report you wish t o display when generat ing an I t em
Report .
HTML I t em Repor t mark t o display t he HTML I t em Report ,
like t he one shown on page 630, in t he Main Window.
Capi t al Cost Repor t mark t o display t he Capit al Cost Report
in I carus Edit or.
Repor t er Repor t mark t o display t he Single Component
Summary, export ed from Aspen I carus Report er, in t he Main
Window.
Di spl ay
Save Wi ndow St at es mark t o have Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or save t he posit ion of Proj ect Explorer, t he Main
Window, t he Palet t e, and t he Propert ies Window, as well as
select ed columns on t he List view. Unmark t o have Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or open wit h t he default int erface arrangement
( shown on page 28) .
Di spl ay Opt i ons Choi ce Di al og on Aspen Capi t al Cost
Est i mat or St ar t up mark t o have Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or ask you at st art up whet her t o use Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer in t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
environment .
Show Repor t Gr oup i n Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or mark
t o display report groups. For more informat ion on report groups,
see page 282.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 53
For ms
The For ms t ab view provides opt ions relat ed t o Component
Specificat ion and I nst allat ion Bulk forms.
Di spl ay P&I I nst al l at i on Bul k s i n Gr i d mark t o have Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or display all it ems on t he I nst allat ion Bulk
specificat ion forms for Pipe and I nst rument at ion. I f you unmark
t he checkbox, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you select , when
opening t he form, t he it ems t o include.
Use OK But t on i n I nst al l at i on Bul k s For m t o Go t o Mai n
Component For m mark t o have Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
ret urn you t o t he main Component Specificat ions form when you
click OK at an I nst allat ion Bulks form. Ot herwise, clicking OK
simply closes t he Component specificat ions.
Save Component When Sw i t chi ng t o Di f f er ent I nst al l at i on
Bul k or Mai n Component For m mark t o have Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or save t he Component specificat ions when you
swit ch t o a different form on t he Component s Opt i ons menu.
Back up
The Back up t ab view let s you select when backups are t o be
performed. You can select bot h opt ions.
Aut omat i c Task Back up mark t o have Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or perform a backup before execut ing maj or t asks, such
as a proj ect evaluat ion.
Ti med Back up ( I nt er val , i n mi nut es) mark t o have Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or perform a backup at a specified int erval.
Specify t he int erval in t he box provided.
You can also select t o eit her have Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
overwrit e t he proj ect backups or creat e unique backups.
Ov er w r i t e Pr oj ect Back ups mark t o have Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or overwrit e t he previous backup every t ime t he program
performs a backup.
Uni que Pr oj ect Back ups mark t o have Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or ret ain previous backups by creat ing a unique backup
each t ime. Depending on t he frequency of backups ( see t ask and
t imed backup opt ions above) , select ing Unique Proj ect Backups
could result in large amount s of disk space being consumed by
backups.
54 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
Pr ocess
The Pr ocess t ab view provides opt ions for import ing from an
ext ernal proj ect .
I mpor t Connect ed St r eams mark t o include connect ed
st reams when import ing an ext ernal proj ect .
I mpor t I nst al l at i on Bul k s mark t o include inst allat ion bulks
when import ing an ext ernal proj ect .
The Pr ocess t ab view also provides opt ions for unsupport ed
simulat or models and cust om models.
Map Unsuppor t ed Model s To Quot ed Cost I t em mark t o
have Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or map, by default , unsupport ed
simulat or models t o quot ed cost it ems.
Unsupport ed Models refer t o models not list ed in t he Pr oj ect
Component Map Speci f i cat i ons dialog box shown on page
162. Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or does not recognize t hem and,
t herefore, cannot map t hem t o I carus proj ect component s. I f
t his opt ion is left unmarked, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or will
not map unsupport ed models. As a result , a unit operat ion could
appear disconnect ed in t he Process Flow Diagram ( PFD) .
Quot ed cost it ems are not proj ect component s, but act as place
markers t o ensure t hat unit operat ions remain connect ed in t he
PFD.
Not e: Marking t his opt ion will not affect t he mapping of
support ed simulat or models. I f a simulat or model is list ed in t he
Pr oj ect Component Map Speci f i cat i on dialog box, t hen t he
specified mapping will be used. Furt her, if a simulat or model is
list ed and has no default mapping ( t hat is, Current Map List
sect ion is blank) , t hen it is assumed t hat t he user does not want
t o map such simulat or models t o any I carus proj ect component s.
For example, if t his opt ion is marked, a USER unit operat ion in
Aspen Plus can be mapped t o a quot ed cost it em if t his opt ion is
marked. This ensures t hat t he unit operat ion remains connect ed
in t he PFD.
Act i v at e Cust om Model mark t o act ivat e t he Cust om Model
t ool explained on pages 312 t hrough 319.
Use Aut omat i c Mappi ng Sel ect i on w hen Avai l abl e ( Bet a
f eat ur e) Mark t o use t he Mapping Select ion feat ure explained
in t he sect ion on "Default and Simulat or Dat a" Mapping.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 55
Locat i ons
I n t he Locat i ons t ab view, you can select :
Pr oj ect Di r ect or i es
Add/ remove alt ernat e proj ect direct ories and set t he default
proj ect direct ory. See Adding Proj ect Direct ories on page 56 for
inst ruct ions.
Ot her Locat i on Speci f i cat i ons
To speci f y t he l ocat i on of var i ous speci f i cat i on f i l es and
dat a:
1 Click an it em in t he list t o display it s descript ion and locat ion.
2 Click t he Br ow se but t on t o select a new locat ion.
Not es:
I n some cases t he descript ion warns against changing t he
locat ion.
Make sure t o creat e t he I P and MET subfolder st ruct ure when
changing t he source locat ions for library files t hat are unit s
dependent ( for example, Basi s f or Capi t al Cost , EML, UML,
Cust om Pi pi ng Specs, and so on) .
56 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed

Addi ng Pr oj ect Di r ect or i es
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or comes set up wit h t wo proj ect
direct ories:
...\ AspenTech\ Economi c Eval uat i on V7.1\ Dat a\ My
Econ_Pr oj ect Pr oj ect s
...\ AspenTech\ Economi c Eval uat i on
V7.1\ Dat a\ Ar chi v es_Econ_Pr oj ect
These direct ories, by default , are t he sole choices of proj ect
direct ory when opening or saving a new proj ect , as well as t he
only direct ories displayed on t he Palet t es Pr oj ect s view.
I n t he Locat i ons t ab view, however, you can ent er alt ernat e
proj ect direct ories, which will t hen appear on t he Palet t es
Proj ect s view and as choices when opening and saving proj ect s.
You can also select an alt ernat e proj ect direct ory as t he default .
To add a pr oj ect di r ect or y :
1 Click Add.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 57
The Br ow se f or Fol der dialog box appears.

2 Click t he folder you want t o add as an alt ernat e direct ory;
t hen click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or adds t he direct ory t o t he
Al t er nat e Pr oj ect Di r ect or i es list .

58 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
3 To set an alt ernat e proj ect direct ory as t he default , click it ;
t hen click Set Def aul t .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays a prompt asking you t o
confirm t he change. Click Yes t o set t he new default .

I f t he old default locat ion is not on t he list of alt ernat e proj ect
direct ories, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays anot her
prompt asking if you wish t o add it t o t he list .

Not e: Adding t he old default direct ory t o t he alt ernat e proj ect
direct ory list let s you easily revert t o it .
3 Click Yes or No.
4 Click OK t o save t he changes t o Preferences.
Before t he added proj ect direct ory appears on t he Cr eat e New
Pr oj ect dialog box and elsewhere, you must eit her:
Rest art Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
- or -
Right - click on t he current proj ect in t he Palet t e and click
refresh on t he pop- up menu.
Changi ng Locat i on Speci f i cat i ons
You can modify t he locat ion specificat ion of any of t he
specificat ion files.
For ex ampl e, t o change t he l ocat i on of t he St andar d basi s
f i l e:
1 Click St andar dBasi sRef Di r .
2 Use t he Br ow se but t on below t o select anot her locat ion.
3 Aft er each change, click Appl y t o save your change.
1 Get t i ng St ar t ed 59
Not e: I f you are using more t han one I carus t ool, remember t o
repeat t he above st eps for ot her syst ems ( Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer, Aspen I n- Plant Cost Est imat or, and so on. ) .
Caut i on: Before performing t he st eps ment ioned above, copy
t he syst em default s ( library folder st ruct ure) t o t he
mySt d_Basis_[ Syst em] folder.
Syst em Default s:
Economic Evaluat ion V7. 1\ Dat a\ St dBasis_Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or\ I p\ Default . d0*
Economic Evaluat ion V7. 1\ Dat a\ St dBasis_Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or\ Met \ Default . d0*
Should Resemble:
CoABC\ mySt dBasis_Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer\ I p\ Default . d0*
CoABC\ mySt dBasis_Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer\ Met \ Default . d0*
Loggi ng
The Logging t ab view is reserved for fut ure releases, in which it
will be used t o help client s wit h Technical Support issues. I t is
not current ly act ivat ed.
Schedul e
I n t he Schedul e t ab view, you can specify your Primavera user
name.
The Schedul e t ab view also cont ains t he Schedule Administ rat or
Tool for regist ering users and access right s in cases where Aspen
I n- Plant Cost Est imat or and t he scheduling program run on a
net work. This t ool should only be used by a net work
administ rat or.
Unzi ppi ng Fi l es Af t er Upgr adi ng
t o New er Ver si ons of Aspen
Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
Somet imes when you upgrade t o a newer version ( for example,
t o a service pack) of Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, you will find
your files zipped int o t wo files wit h t he ext ensions:
. izp
60 1 Get t i ng St ar t ed
. szp
There are two zip files per scenario:
XXX. I ZP ( cont aining t he main dat abase of t he proj ect )
XXX. SZP ( cont aining report s, result s, proj id files, and so on)
You use t he execut able i czi put i l .ex e, which is supplied wit h
your Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or applicat ion, t o unzip t hese
files.
To unzi p y our f i l es usi ng t he ex ecut abl e i czi put i l .ex e:
1 Ensure t hat t he execut able i czi put i l .ex e is in t he \ Pr ogr am
Fi l es\ AspenTech\ Aspen I car us x .x \ Pr ogr am\ Sy s
direct ory.
2 Open a command prompt ( St ar t | Run | Cmd) ; t hen press
ENTER.
3 Change direct ories t o t he \ Pr ogr am
Fi l es\ AspenTech\ Aspen I car us x .x \ Pr ogr am\ Sy s folder
where you copied t he i czi put i l .ex e file.
4 To unzip a . szp or . i zp file, use t he following command:
icziputil /u [Zip file path] [Destination path]
For example:
icziputil /u "d:\saved\project\sim_met\proii.szp"
"d:\temp\sim_met\unzipped"

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 61
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
The Proj ect Basis defines specificat ions t hat pert ain t o t he overall
proj ect scenario. These specificat ions influence t he design and
cost est imat e by defining syst em default s and environment al
variables.
Proj ect Basis Specificat ions are accessed from t he Proj ect Basis
view in Proj ect Explorer.
Not es:
A red arrow on an icon indicat es t hat you can right - click on
t he it em t o access a pop- up menu.
I n a pipeline proj ect , specificat ions marked wit h a
double- ast erisk ( * * ) do NOT apply.
62 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

This chapt er describes t he different Proj ect Basis specificat ions,
as well as how t o cust omize specificat ion libraries.
Pr oj ect Pr oper t i es
Proj ect Propert ies are init ially specified when creat ing a new
proj ect .
To access pr oj ect pr oper t i es:
I n t he main Pr oj ect Basi s folder, right - click Pr oj ect
Pr oper t i es; t hen click Edi t .

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 63
The Pr oj ect Pr oper t i es dialog box appears.

You cannot edit Pr oj ect Name, Scenar i o Name, or Uni t s of
Measur e; t hey can only be specified when creat ing a new
proj ect .
You can edit t he following:
Pr oj ect Descr i pt i on: The descript ion ent ered here appears as
t he Proj ect Descript ion on t he Proj ect Summary spreadsheet and
as t he Brief Descript ion on t he Execut ive Summary spreadsheet .
All scenarios under t he proj ect share t he proj ect descript ion. The
descript ion can be up t o 500 charact ers in lengt h and can be
comprised of let t ers, numbers, and punct uat ion.
Remar k s: Any remarks ent ered will appear immediat ely aft er
t he Tit le Page of evaluat ion report s in I carus Edit or. Remarks can
be up t o 6, 000 charact ers in lengt h and can be comprised of
let t ers, numbers, and punct uat ion. Remarks might include, for
example, t he int ended purpose of t he est imat e, execut ive
summary of result s, or an explanat ion of assumpt ions.
Gener al Pr oj ect Dat a
General Proj ect Dat a is init ially specified when creat ing a proj ect .
To access Gener al Pr oj ect Dat a:
1 Right - click Gener al Pr oj ect Dat a in t he main Proj ect Basis
folder.
64 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .

The St andar d Basi s I nput Fi l e Speci f i cat i ons form appears.

You cannot edit Uni t s of Measur e, Count r y Base, or Cur r ency
Sy mbol ; t hese can only be specified when creat ing a new
proj ect .
You can edit t he following:
Cur r ency Conver si on Rat e: The number of currency unit s per
one count ry base currency unit . This is for when you are using a
currency ot her t han t hat of t he count ry base.
Pr oj ect Ti t l e: Appears as t he proj ect t it le on report s in Aspen
I carus Report er and I carus Edit or, and also appears as t he
Scenario Descript ion on t he Proj ect Summary spreadsheet .
Est i mat e Cl ass: Appears on t he Tit le Page in I carus Edit or.
I nt ended t o indicat e t he purpose of specificat ions ( for example,
budget ) .
Job Number : Appears on t he Tit le Page in I carus Edit or.
Pr epar ed By : Appears at t he t op of report s generat ed by Aspen
I carus Report er and on t he Tit le Page in I carus Edit or.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 65
Est i mat e Dat e: Appears immediat ely under t he proj ect t it le at
t he t op of t he Tit le Page in I carus Edit or. Report s generat ed by
Aspen I carus Report er also include an Est imat e Dat e; however,
t he Est imat e Dat e shown in Aspen I carus Report er is t he dat e on
which t he proj ect evaluat ion was run.
Basi s f or Capi t al Cost s
The Basi s f or Capi t al Cost s folder includes:
Unit s of measure cust omizat ion.
General mechanical design rules for equipment , piping, civil,
st eel, inst rument at ion, elect rical, insulat ion, and paint .
Cont ingency and miscellaneous proj ect cost s.
Escalat ion indices for mat erial and labor cost s.
Engineering workforce specificat ions by phase, discipline, and
t ask.
Const ruct ion workforce wage rat es and product ivit ies, for
bot h t he overall proj ect and by craft and workweek definit ion.
Code of Account ( COA) re- definit ions, addit ions and
allocat ions.
I ndexing of mat erial cost s and man- hours by COA.
Equipment rent al it ems, durat ions, and rat es.
I nput Uni t s of Measur e Cust omi zat i on
I nput Unit s of Measure Cust omizat ion let s you cust omize t he
unit s of measure t hat appear on specificat ion forms.
I nput Unit s of Measure Cust omizat ion can only be accessed from
out side of t he proj ect in t he Palet t es Li br ar i es view. I t does not
appear in t he Proj ect Explorers Pr oj ect Basi s view.
To cust omi ze i nput uni t s of measur e:
1 Wit h no proj ect open, expand t he Basi s f or Capi t al Cost s
folder in t he Palet t es Li br ar i es view. Expand t he appropriat e
unit s of measure basis folder I nch- Pound or Met r i c.
Right - click on t he specificat ions file t hat will cont ain t he
cust omized unit s of measure and click Modi f y .
66 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Basi s f or Capi t al
Cost s library in Proj ect Explorer.

2 I n t he Uni t s of Measur e Cust omi zat i on folder, right - click
I nput ; t hen , on t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .
The I nput Uni t s of Measur e Speci f i cat i ons dialog box
appears.

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 67
3 I f, for example, you want t o use CM/ H ( cent imet ers per hour)
inst ead of M/ H ( met ers per hour) t o specify conveyor belt
speed in your met ric- basis proj ect , click Vel oci t y and Fl ow
Rat e and t hen click Modi f y .
4 On t he Velocit y and Flow Rat e Unit s form, ent er CM/ H as
t he new unit name for M/ H. Then ent er t he conversion fact or
bet ween t he t wo unit s in t he Conver si on field. I n t his
example, t he conversion fact or bet ween t he t wo unit s is 100
because:
100 CM/ H = 1 M/ H.

5 Click OK t o accept t he modificat ions and ret urn t o t he
previous dialog box.
6 When finished modifying input unit s of measure, click Cl ose.
Out put ( Repor t s) Uni t s of Measur e
Cust omi zat i on
Out put ( Report s) Unit s of Measure Cust omizat ion let s you
cust omize t he unit s of measure t hat appear on Capit al Cost s and
ot her report s.
To cust omi ze out put uni t s of measur e:
1 Right - click Out put ( Repor t s) Uni t s of Measur e
Cust omi zat i on in t he Basis for Capit al Cost s folder in Proj ect
68 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Explorers Proj ect Basis view, and t hen click Edi t on t he pop- up
menu.

The Out put Uni t s of Measur e dialog box appears.

2 You can change t he basis for all out put unit s of measure by
select ing a different basis in t he Unit of Measure Basis
sect ion; however, not e t hat t his voids all previous
cust omizat ions.
To cust omize only individual unit s, such as velocit y and flow rat e
unit s, select t he unit t ype and click Modi f y . Then, for each unit
you wish t o change, ent er t he new unit name and t he conversion
fact or ( bet ween t he old and new unit s) .
Not e: I n t his example, cent imet ers per hour ( CM/ H) replaces
met ers per hour ( M/ H) . A conversion fact or of 100 has been
ent ered because 100 CM/ H = 1 M/ H.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 69

For example, if you want t o use CM/ H ( cent imet ers per hour) inst ead of
M/ H ( met ers per hour) t o specify conveyor belt speed in your met ric- basis
proj ect , ent er CM/ H as t he new unit name for M/ H. Then, ent er t he
conversion fact or bet ween t he t wo unit s in t he Conv er si on field. I n t his
example, t he conversion fact or bet ween t he t wo unit s is 100 because 100
CM/ H = 1 M/ H.
3 Click OK t o accept t he modificat ions and ret urn t o t he
previous dialog box. When finished modifying out put unit s of
measure, click Cl ose.
Desi gn Basi s

Design Basis defines t he general mechanical design rules for t he
ent ire proj ect . Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or uses built - in,
indust ry- st andard design procedures for t he preparat ion of
mechanical designs. The st andards used include ASME ( American
St andards) , BS5500 ( Brit ish St andards) , or JI S ( Japanese
St andards) , corresponding t o t he select ed count ry base. DI N
( German St andards) is also available.
70 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Design Basis influences t he way Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
evaluat es all component s of t he facilit y ( for example, equipment
and bulk it ems mat erials, manpower and indirect s) and let s
you define cust om pipe specificat ions.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or uses default values if Desi gn
Basi s informat ion is not specified. The default values depend
upon t he select ed count ry base.
You can make one set of Desi gn Basi s select ions and t hen
override t hose select ions for a part icular area. See Defining
Area Specificat ions on page 284 for inst ruct ions.
Design Basis specificat ions are divided int o t he following
cat egories:
Equi pment Specs
Equipment design specificat ions, including design code for
pressure vessels, size limit s for shop fab equipment ,
maximum diamet er of vessels fabricat ed using pipe,
maximum horizont al deflect ion of vessels as a percent age of
vessel height , when t o apply vessel st ress relief ( always,
never, or when required by code) , whet her t o use welded or
seamless t ubes for heat exchangers and reboilers, percent of
t he rot at ing equipment cost for spare part s, and which
equipment t o use for heavy lift ing ( gin poles or cranes) .
Pi pi ng Specs
Gener al : Design specificat ions for all piping.
Mat er i al : Design specificat ions for specific piping mat erial.
The informat ion ent ered here let s you redefine default
specificat ions for any syst em mat erial. For example, if you
define a mat erial and lat er select t hat mat erial when defining
inst allat ion piping for a component , your mat erial
specificat ions are used inst ead of t he syst em default
specificat ions.
Cust om: Cust om piping specificat ions. These specificat ions
may consist of your companys st andard piping specificat ions
or simply t he most commonly used specificat ions for pipe on
t he current proj ect .
To use cust om piping, you have t o first select a piping spec
file t o open.
To do so:
1 I n t he Pi pi ng Specs folder, right - click Cust om; t hen click
Sel ect on t he pop- up menu.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 71

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides t wo cust om pipe specs
files t o help you get st art ed: CARBONST. DAT and
DEFAULT. DAT.
2 Click t he file you want ; t hen click OK.
To edi t y our cust om pi pe spec f i l e:
1 I n t he Pi pi ng Specs folder, right - click Cust om; t hen click
edi t on t he pop- up menu.
The Ex t er nal Cust om Pi pe Specs dialog box appears.

The Ex t er nal Cust om Pi pe Specs dialog box has t hree
opt ions, shown below:
o Remarks
o Unit s of Measure
o Specificat ions
72 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Remar k s dialog box

Uni t s of Measur e dialog box

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 73
Speci f i cat i ons dialog box

2 On t he Ex t er nal Cust om Pi pe Specs dialog box, click t he
dialog box you want t o modify; t hen click Modi f y .
3 When you have finished modifying your cust om piping
spec, on t he Ex t er nal Cust om Pi pe Specs dialog box,
click Cl ose.
( Refer t o t he flowchart s in I carus Reference, Chapt er 18, for
informat ion on developing various aspect s of piping. )
Click New on t he Cust omer Piping Specs Manager t o add a
cust om pipe specificat ion. You can have a maximum of 100
cust om piping specs per proj ect and 600 in one file.
Aft er creat ing a cust om piping spec, you must export it t o t he
library, giving it your new name.
To ex por t t he f i l e t o t he l i br ar y :
74 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
1 I n t he Pi pi ng Specs folder, right - click Cust om; t hen click
Ex por t t o Li br ar y on t he pop- up menu.
The Dupl i cat e Cust om Pi pi ng Specs f i l e based on
PI PESPEC dialog box appears.

2 I n t he Fi l e Name field, t ype a file name for t his piping
spec. You can also add a descript ion of t he piping spec in
t he Fi l e Descr i pt i on field.
3 Click OK.
A dialog box appears confirming t hat you have successfully
added your newly- creat ed piping spec t o t he library.
Ci vi l / St eel Specs
Civil and St eel design specificat ions, including wind dat a,
seismic dat a, comprehensive st rengt h, concret e ready- mix
cost s, concret e overpour percent age, rebar t ype and cost ,
seal slab t hickness, number of formwork reuses, concret e
t ype ( st andard, higher grade, or chemical- resist ant ) ,
st ruct ure analysis t ype, unit cost and percent of purchased
backfill when used in place of excavat ed soil, excavat ion slope
rat io, and st eel finish t ype ( paint ed or galvanized) .
I nst r ument at i on Specs
I nst rument at ion design specificat ions, including
inst rument at ion t ype ( elect ronic or pneumat ic) and
specificat ions for inst rument t ransmission and t hermocouple
t ransmission: cont rol valve t ype, cont rol valve posit ioner,
cont rol valve posit ion swit ch, t emperat ure element t ype, flow
element t ype, inst rument t ransmit t er t ype, dist ance from
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 75
component t o j unct ion box, whet her t o exclude air regulat ors
if low pressure air is available, cont rol valve cent er t ype
( analog, digit al, or none) , and whet her t o have a convent ional
4- 20 mA wired syst em or a digit al Fieldbus syst em.
Unlike a 4- 20 mA syst em in which each inst rument in t he field
requires it s own set of wires t o run t o t he local j unct ion box
and back t o t he cont rol cent er, a Fieldbus syst em allows
mult iple inst rument s t o share one set of cables. The Fieldbus
syst ems are designed based on t he dist ances involved ( cable
lengt h) , number of field inst rument s, inst rument t ype, and
power requirement s.
I f you select t o use a Fi el dbus syst em, also select , in t he
Connect i on Ty pe box, t he t ype of bricks and cable
t erminat ion. Select SC for spring clamp connect ions. Select
ST for screw t erminal bricks and t erminat ions. Bot h SC
and ST use st andard inst rument cable. Select MP for a
syst em designed wit h cable t hat is pre- cut and molded wit h
pluggable t erminat ions ( and bricks wit h pluggable t erminals) .
MP does not require inst allat ion hours t o connect pig- t ail
t erminat ions t he cables snap ont o t he bricks. An MP
implement at ion requires t he purchase of one pluggable device
gland per inst rument .
I n an explosion- proof area, t he Fi el dbus syst em will consist
of bricks and power supply unit s t hat are rat ed for int rinsically
safe applicat ions ( I . S. - rat ed non- pluggable component s by
Hawke I nt ernat ional) . You can also, if using a Fi el dbus
syst em, select t o include Fieldbus short - circuit prot ect ion for
each spur in t he Fieldbus segment s. For 3- drop bricks, t he
short - circuit prot ect ion unit s are purchased separat ely; for all
bricks of larger size, short - circuit prot ect ion is incorporat ed
wit hin t he brick it self ( if select ed) .
You can override t hese proj ect - level inst rument at ion specs for
a part icular area when defining an area ( see page 284) . For
example, you can select t o use a Fieldbus syst em in t he
Design Basis, but t hen make an except ion for one area by
select ing t he convent ional 4- 20 mA wired syst em in t he areas
inst rument at ion specs. However, Fieldbus short - circuit
prot ect ion can only be defined at t he proj ect - level, using t he
Design Basis inst rument at ion specs.
El ect r i cal Specs
Elect rical design specificat ions, including power supply
frequency, class and division or zone, whet her t o use 3- or 4-
76 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
wire dist ribut ion syst em, volt age levels, wire specificat ions at
t he different volt age levels, and cable placement .
I nsul at i on Specs
I nsulat ion design specificat ions, including t hickness schedule,
minimum t emperat ure for hot insulat ion, equipment
insulat ion t ype, equipment insulat ion j acket t ype, fire
resist ance rat ing for fireproofing on skirt s, equipment
fireproofing t ype, whet her t o include fireproofing on t he
out side or bot h sides of skirt s, st eel fire resist ance fireproof
rat ing, and st eel fireproofing t ype, coverage, and inst allat ion
( field or remot e shop) .
Pai nt Specs
Paint design specificat ions, including number of primer coat s,
number of finish coat s, and whet her paint ing is performed in
field shop or remot e shop.
To edi t Desi gn Basi s speci f i cat i ons:
1 Right - click on t he specificat ion cat egory t hat you want t o
define, and t hen click Edi t on t he pop- up menu.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays a specificat ions form for
t he select ed cat egory in t he Main Window.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 77

2 Ent er t he Desi gn Basi s specificat ions for t he select ed
cat egory.
3 Click OK t o add t he specificat ions t o t he proj ect and close t he
specificat ions form.
Cont i ngency and Mi scel l aneous Pr oj ect
Cost s
Cont ingency and Miscellaneous Proj ect Cost s include mat erial
cont ingency ( as a percent age of each cont ract cost ) and
miscellaneous special charges for royalt ies, licenses, land, and so
on
To def i ne Cont i ngency and Mi scel l aneous Pr oj ect Cost s:
1 I n t he Basis for Capit al Cost s folder, right - click on
Cont i ngency and Mi sc. Pr oj ect Cost s and t hen click Edi t
on t he pop- up menu.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he cost specificat ions in
t he Main Window.
78 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

2 Ent er t he cost specificat ions.
3 Click OK t o add t he specificat ions t o t he proj ect and close t he
specificat ions form.
Escal at i on
Escalat ion provides t he abilit y t o incorporat e t he effect s of t he
const ant ly changing local and world economies. The Escalat ion
feat ure let s you specify escalat ion indices for t he following
mat erial and labor cost cat egories:
General mat erials
Design engineering
Const ruct ion manpower
Const ruct ion management
To def i ne escal at i on:
1 Right - click on Escal at i on in t he Basi s f or Capi t al Cost s
folder; t hen click Edi t .

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Escal at i on Specs
dialog box in t he Main Window.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 79

2 I n t he Escal at i on Met hod field, you can choose one of t wo
ways for report ing escalat ed cost s:
Cl i ck t o
SPREAD Define escalat ion t o be included in all report ed
cost s.
ACCUM Define escalat ion t o be segregat ed from all cost s
and t o be accumulat ed ( int o each of t he four
cat egories above) for summary report ing, and wit h
cost s t o be r eport ed at a user- defined condit ion.
Not e: The syst em base indices are published in I carus
Reference.
All user- ent ered cost s ( quot ed cost it ems, quot ed equipment
cost s, library it ems, mat erial/ labor lump sum addit ions, proj ect
indirect s, and so on) are assumed t o be valid at t he user base
t ime point . This may be a corporat e- st andard t ime point chosen
as a basis for all proj ect s.
Three indices are used t o develop escalat ed cost s:
o Syst em Base I ndices ( SBI ) : Syst em- defined indices
t hat represent cost s inherent t o t he part icular
version of t he syst em.
o User Base I ndices ( UBI ) : User- ent ered indices t hat
reference user- ent ered cost values. All syst em-
developed cost s ( developed at SBI ) are adj ust ed t o
UBI by mult iplying t he rat io ( UBI / SBI ) .
o Escalat ion I ndices ( EI ) : User- ent ered indices t hat
escalat e all cost s ( bot h user- ent ered and syst em-
generat ed) from t he user base ( UBI ) t o some ot her
80 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
point in t ime. This is done by mult iplying all cost s by
t he rat io ( EI / UBI ) .
3 Ent er or revise your specificat ions.
4 Click OK t o apply your specificat ions t o t he proj ect and close
t he specificat ions form.
Engi neer i ng Wor k f or ce
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you define up t o nine
engineering workforces. For each engineering workforce, you can
specify:
a percent age adj ust ment t o t he base ( default ) wage rat es by
engineering phase.
t he exact wage rat e of any discipline, replacing t he base wage
rat e ( as well as any percent age adj ust ment s t o t he base) .
I carus Reference, Chapt er 31, list s engineering disciplines and
t heir base wage rat es. The disciplines are grouped by phase and
assigned numbers.

I n addit ion t o specifying engineering wage rat es, you can
specify:
engineering hours ( by phase or discipline) and
engineering cost s ( eit her as lump sums or as percent ages of
t ot al cost s)
Once defined, an engineering workforce can be linked t o one or
more cont ract ors. I f no workforce is specified, cont ract ors use
t he default engineering workforce.
Engi neer i ng Phase
To def i ne an engi neer i ng w or k f or ce by phase:
1 I n t he Engi neer i ng Wor k f or ce sub- folder, right - click By
Phase; t hen on t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 81

The Engi neer i ng Phase I nf o dialog box appears in t he Main
Window.

I n defining a workforce, use one it em column per engineering
phase. A single it em column ( I t em 1) is provided. Add more
columns using t he Add but t on .
2 Specify t he engineering workforce number.
3 Select an engineering phase. The choices are:
* All phases
B Basic engineering
D Det ail engineering
P Procurement
H Home office const ruct ion services
F Field office supervision
S St art up, commissioning
82 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
E Engineering management
C Const ruct ion management
Phases E and C are for mult i- cont ract proj ect s only.
4 To replace syst em- calculat ed hours and/ or cost s for t he
select ed phase, ent er engineering hours and/ or engineering
cost s.
5 To increase or decrease wages for all disciplines under t he
select ed phase, ent er t he percent age of t he base wage rat e.
For example, ent ering 200 would double t he wage rat es;
ent ering 50 would cut wage rat es in half.
6 I f desired, ent er t he payroll burden, indirect s, and expenses
for t he select ed phase, eit her as lump sums or as percent ages
of t he t ot al manpower cost .
I f you want t o define addit ional phases, click Add and complet e
t he process ( st eps 2 t hrough 6) .
Not e: I n t he form pict ured here, I t ems 1 and 2 each define a
phase for Engineering Workforce Number 1.
I t em 1 defines Basic Engineering ( B) . I t set s t he manhours at
five percent over t hose calculat ed by t he syst em ( expressed as
105% of t he calculat ed hours) . I t set s wages for all disciplines
under Basic Engineering at t en percent above t he base
( expressed as 110% of t he base wage rat e) .
I t em 2 defines Det ailed Engineering, set t ing t he wages for all
disciplines under Det ailed Engineering ( D) at five percent below
t he base ( expressed as 95% of t he base wage rat e) .

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 83
7 Click OK t o include t he ent ered informat ion in t he proj ect
specificat ions and close t he specificat ions form.
Engi neer i ng Di sci pl i ne
Defining an engineering workforce by discipline let s you replace
base ( default ) wage rat es and/ or syst em- calculat ed hours.
To def i ne an engi neer i ng w or k f or ce by di sci pl i ne:
1 I n t he Engi neer i ng Wor k f or ce sub- folder, right - click on By
Di sci pl i ne and click Edit on t he pop- up.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Engi neer i ng
Di sci pl i ne I nf o dialog box in t he Main Window.

84 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
A single it em column defines up t o four disciplines under a single
phase. One it em column ( I t em 1) is provided. Add more columns
using t he Add but t on .
2 Ent er an engineering workforce number.
3 Select an engineering phase.
4 Ent er t he number of an engineering discipline under t he
select ed phase. A list of discipline numbers and wage rat es,
grouped by phase, is provided in Chapt er 34 of your I carus
Reference.
5 To replace t he base wage rat e for t his discipline, as well as
any adj ust ment s t o t he base wage rat e made on t he
Engineering Phase I nfo form, ent er a new discipline wage
rat e.
6 To replace or adj ust t he syst em- calculat ed hours for t his
discipline, eit her ent er discipline hours or ent er a percent age
adj ust ment .
7 Space is provided for defining up t o t hree more disciplines
under t his phase. To define beyond t hree addit ional
disciplines or t o define disciplines under anot her phase, click
Add and repeat t he process ( st eps 2 t hrough 7) .
Not e: I t em 1 defines t wo disciplines under Basic Engineering
( phase B) for Engineering Workforce Number 1. I t does t he
following:
Set s Engineering Workforce Number 1s wage rat e for process
engineering ( discipline number 02) performed in t he Basic
Engineering phase at $42. 00 and increases by t en percent t he
syst em- calculat ed hours for t his discipline.
Set s Engineering Workforce Number 1s wage rat e for
inst rument design ( discipline number 04) performed in t he Basic
Engineering phase at $39. 20.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 85

8 When you are finished, click OK t o save t he specificat ions and
close t he form.
Dr aw i ng Ty pes and Count s
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you account for addit ional
drawings t hat may need t o be produced during t he Basic
Engineering and Det ailed Engineering phases.
To add a dr aw i ng t y pe:
1 I n t he Engineering Workforce sub- folder, right - click on
Dr aw i ng Ty pes and click Edit on t he pop- up.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Dr aw i ng Ty pe I nf o
dialog box in t he Mai n window.
86 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

2 Select eit her Basi c or Det ai l ed as t he engineering phase.
3 Ent er eit her an exist ing drawing number ( see I carus
Reference, Chapt er 31, for drawing t ypes and numbers) or
ent er a new drawing number in t he range of 91- 99.
4 Ent er t he t it le of t he new drawing t o be used in report s.
5 I f you ent ered a new drawing number, select a drawing class
account . For example, select P ( piping account ) for a piping
model drawing.
6 I f you ent ered a new drawing number, select a drawing class
discipline. For example, select 4 ( model building) for a piping
model drawing.
7 I f you ent ered a new drawing number, ent er t he t ot al
manhours required t o produce t he drawing.
8 Click OK t o save specificat ions and close t he form.
To speci f y quant i t y of a dr aw i ng t y pe:
1 I n t he Engineering Workforce sub- folder, right - click on
Dr aw i ng Count and click Edi t on t he pop- up.

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 87
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Dr aw i ng Count I nf o
form in t he Mai n window.

2 Select eit her Basi c or Det ai l ed as t he engineering phase.
3 Ent er a drawing number.
4 Ent er t he number of t he cont ract or t o which t he drawing is
assigned.
5 Use t he Act i on Code field t o select whet her t o ADD t o t he
calculat ed number of drawings, ADD new drawings ( number
91- 99) , or CHANGE t he calculat ed number of drawings.
Not e: The CHANGE opt ion is not allowed for drawing
numbers 91- 99.
6 Depending on whet her you chose ADD or CHANGE as t he
Act ion Code, ent er t he number of drawings t o add t o t he
syst em- calculat ed quant it y or t he number wit h which t o
replace t he syst em- calculat ed quant it y. I f you select ed
CHANGE, you have t he opt ion t o inst ead ent er a percent age
adj ust ment in t he Per cent of Cal cul at ed Dr aw i ngs field.
7 To change manhours t o reflect t he changed drawing count ,
select A in t he Labor Adj ust ment Sel ect i on field.
I f you want t o adj ust t he count of a syst em developed
drawing and also want t o change engineering manhours t o
reflect t he changed drawing count , DO NOT use t he Act i on
code ADD; always use t he Act i on code CHANGE and
Per cent of cal cul at ed dr aw i ngs for adj ust ment s.
8 Click OK t o save t he specificat ions and close t he form.
88 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Const r uct i on Wor k f or ce
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you define const ruct ion
workforces, which you can t hen link t o cont ract ors ( see page
118) . For each const ruct ion workforce, you can specify wage
rat es ( globally or by craft ) , workweek, product ivit ies, overt ime,
and crew mixes. You can also make modificat ions t o craft
names, which apply t o all const ruct ion workforces.

I f no const ruct ion workforce is defined, cont ract ors use t he
default const ruct ion workforce.
Gener al Rat es
The General Wage Rat es informat ion defines wage rat es,
product ivit ies, workweek, and overt ime for all craft s in a
const ruct ion workforce. To access, right - click on Gener al Wage
Rat es in t he Const ruct ion Workforce subfolder, and t hen click
Edi t .
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 89
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Wage Gener al I nf o
specificat ions form in t he Mai n window.

I n t he column labeled I t em 1, you can define your first
const ruct ion workforce. To define addit ional const ruct ion
workforces, click Add.
Descript ions of t he specificat ions follow.
Fi el d Descr i pt i on
Const ruct ion
workforce
number
Number repr esent ing t he workforce being defined.
Number of shift s Number of shift s used during const ruct ion. I f any
premium pay is involved wit h second and t hird
shift work ( beyond overt ime pay) , such premium
should be indicat ed by a properly averaged craft
rat e per shift .
Pr oduct i vi t y
adj ust ment
Specifies whet her t o use mult i- shift / workweek
adj ust ment s or not .
I ndi r ect s I f wage rat es are t o be t reat ed as all- inclusive,
t he indirect s may be delet ed for t his workforce by
specifying - . Select ing an all- in rat e suppresses
all const ruct ion indirect s: fringes, burdens, small
t ools, const ruct ion rent al equipment , and so on


Al l Cr af t s Per cent of Base
90 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Fi el d Descr i pt i on
Wor k f or ce
r ef er ence base
Ent er B for syst em base
Wage Rat e
per cent of base
Wage rat es for all craft s as a percent age of
reference base wage rat es.
Pr oduct i vi t y
per cent of base
Product ivit ies for all craft s as a percent age of
reference base wage rat es.


Al l Cr af t s Fi x ed Rat es
This input may be used t o globally set t he wage rat es
and product ivit ies of all craft s in t his workforce t o
fixed values.
Wage r at e al l
cr af t s
Specifies t he fixed wage rat e ( in t he proj ect
currency) for all craft s in t he workforce. See
discussion in I carus Reference.
Pr oduct i vi t y al l
cr af t s
Specifies t he fixed product ivit y value for all craft s
in t his workforce. See discussion in I carus
Reference. I f no value is specified, t he syst em
default s t o 100%.
Wor k w eek per
shi f t
Refer t o t he descript ion of workforces in I carus
Reference for t he effect of changing t he work
week and number of shift s upon product ivit y and
j ob durat ion. The st andar d workweek plus
overt ime must not exceed 84 hours per week per
shift .
St andar d w or k
w eek
Specifies number of st andard hours per week per
man per shift .
Over t i me Specifies number of overt ime hours per week per
man per shift .
Over t i me r at e
per cent
st andar d
Specifies overt ime pay expressed as a percent age
of st andard pay ( for example, t ime and one half
= 150%) .

Gener al Cr af t Wages
The general craft wages are for craft s t hat could
appear in most crews and whose product ivit ies
and/ or wage rat es are dependent on t he t ype of
crew.
Hel per w age r at e

UK Base only. Specifies wage rat e for craft help
as a fixed rat e t o be used in all crews.
Hel per w age
per cent cr af t r at e
UK Base only. Specifies t he wage rat e for craft
help as a percent of t he principal craft in t he
crew. This value must be less t han 100%.
For eman w age
r at e
Specifies t he wage rat e for foremen as a fixed
rat e t o be used in all crews. Default : 110% of
rat e of highest paid craft in crew.
Foreman wage Specifies t he wage rat e for foreman as a percent
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 91
Fi el d Descr i pt i on
percent craft rat e of t he highest paid craft in crew. This value must
be great er t han or equal t o 100%. Default :
110% of rat e of highest paid craft in crew.
Cr af t Rat es
Craft Rat es set t he wage rat e and product ivit y individually for
each craft .
To access:
1 Right - click on Cr af t Rat es in t he Const ruct ion Workforce
subfolder.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Wage Rat e I nfo
specificat ions form in t he Main Window.

To add a new i t em:
Click Add.
Use t hese fields t o set t he wage rat e and product ivit y
individually for each craft in a workforce.
Fi el d Descr i pt i on
Const ruct ion
workforce number
Number repr esent ing t he const ruct ion
workforce being defined.
Craft wages/ prod. Wage rat es and product ivit ies may be
assigned t o individual craft s. Those craft s
not referenced are assigned wage rat es and
product ivit ies specified in General Wage
Rat e or t he syst em default values.
Craft code I dent ifies t he craft t o which t he following
wage rat e and product ivit y apply.
The craft code must be an exist ing syst em
craft code.
Wage rat e/ mh Specifies t he wage rat e ( in t he proj ect
92 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Fi el d Descr i pt i on
currency) for t his craft for st andard hours.

Product ivit y Specifies t he product ivit y of t his craft as a
percent age of t he syst ems base. ( See
discussion in I carus Reference. )
Cr ew Mi x es
Use t he Crew Mixes specificat ions form t o allocat e a percent age
of man- hours from one craft t o anot her for t he purpose of
modifying crew mixes.
To modi f y cr ew mi x es:
1 Right - click on Cr ew Mi x es in t he Const r uct i on Wor k f or ce
subfolder.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Wage Mi x t ur e I nf o
form in t he Mai n window.

For each it em, you can make up t o seven different re- allocat ions
of man- hours. To add a new i t em: Click Add.
3 Ent er t he number of t he Const ruct ion Workforce t o which t he
modificat ion applies.
4 I n t he Fr om Cr af t Code column, ent er t he craft code of t he
craft t hat will lose man- hours.
Not e: See I carus Reference, Chapt er 30, for craft codes.
5 I n t he To Cr af t Code column, ent er t he craft code of t he
craft t hat will gain man- hours.
6 I n t he Cr af t Tr ansf er Per cent column, ent er percent age of
man- hours t o be re- allocat ed.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 93
7 Click OK t o save t he modificat ions and close t he form.
- or -
Click Cancel t o close t he form wit hout saving modificat ions.
Cr af t Names
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you modify t he default craft
names, which are list ed in Chapt er 30 of I carus Reference.
To modi f y cr af t names:
1 Right - click on Cr af t Names in t he Const r uct i on Wor k f or ce
subfolder.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Wage Name I nf o
form in t he Mai n window.

For each it em, you can make up t o t hree name changes. To add
a new it em, click Add.
3 I n t he Cr af t Code column, ent er t he craft code of t he craft
you are re- naming. Craft Codes are list ed in I carus Reference,
Chapt er 30.
4 I n t he Cr af t Name column, ent er t he craft s new name.
5 Click OK t o save t he modificat ions and close t he form.
Code of Account s
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or cont ains a base set of 3- digit Code
of Account s ( COA) t o which cost s and man- hours are allocat ed.
See I carus Reference, Chapt er 34, for a det ailed I carus COA list .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you add your own COAs and
re- allocat e cost s from I carus COAs t o your new COAs. When
you complet ely re- define your COAs, you must also define and
allocat e all indirect COAs.
First , you must select t he COA file.
94 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
To sel ect a COA f i l e:
1 Right - click on Code of Account s in t he Basis for Capit al
Cost s folder, and t hen click Sel ect on t he pop- up menu.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides t he file named DEFAULT.
Aft er select ing t his file, you can modify it and save it as anot her
file. You can t hen have mult iple COA set s from which t o choose.

2 Select t he file and click OK.
Addi ng a COA Set and Al l ocat i ng Cost s
The following inst ruct ions provide an example COA set for you t o
add. The inst ruct ions will t hen show you how t o allocat e mat erial
and labor cost s t o t he new COA set .
To add a COA set :
1 Right - click on Code of Account s in t he Basis for Capit al
Cost s folder, and t hen click Edi t from t he pop- up menu.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 95
The Modi f y COA Set dialog box appears.

2 Click I nser t in t he Account Definit ions sect ion.
3 I n t he Account Def i ni t i on dialog box, ent er an account
number, select a t ype, and ent er a descript ion ( all in
upper- case) .

6 Click OK t o add t his COA. Then, repeat t his st ep for each new
COA in t he set .
Example set :
COA Type Description
1000 EQ ALL CATEGORY A EQUIPMENT
2000 EQ ALL CATEGORY B EQUIPMENT
3000 P ALL PIPING
4000 C ALL CIVIL
5000 ST ALL STEEL
6000 I ALL INSTRUMENTATION
96 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
7000 E ALL ELECTRICAL
8000 IN ALL INSULATION
9000 PT ALL PAINT

To r e- al l ocat e cost s f r om I car us COA s t o y our new COA s:
1 At t he Modi f y COA Set dialog box, click I nser t in t he
Account Allocat ions sect ion.
2 I n t he Account Al l ocat i on dialog box, ent er an I carus COA
or range of I carus COAs ( using t he Fr om and To fields) and
t hen ent er t he new COA t o which you want t o allocat e t he
I carus COAs mat erial and labor.

Ent ering a COA only in t he Mat er i al field, as shown above,
will allocat e bot h mat erial and labor t o t he COA ent ered in t he
Mat er i al field. You could allocat e mat erial t o one COA and
labor t o anot her.
3 Click OK when you are finished making t he ent ry, and t hen
cont inue t o allocat e each I carus COA or range of I carus COAs
t o one of t he new COAs.
Example set :
From To Material
100 199 1000
200 299 2000
300 399 3000
400 499 4000
500 599 5000
600 699 6000
700 799 7000
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 97
800 899 8000
900 999 9000

When you are finished, t he Modi f y COA Set dialog box should
look as follows:

Speci f y i ng Ex cept i ons t o Account Al l ocat i ons
Aft er you have defined t he account allocat ions, you may choose
t o specify except ions t o t hese new allocat ions.
Example: We have allocat ed t he cost s of all piping I carus
COAs 300- 399 t o COA 3000. However, we wish t o allocat e
t he mat erial cost s of 6- 8 I NCH 304P Pipe t o a new account , COA
3201, and we wish t o allocat e t he labor cost s of 6- 8 I NCH 304P
Pipe t o anot her new account , COA 3202.
To speci f y t he ex cept i ons i n t he abov e ex ampl e:
1 First , creat e COA 3201, t ype P, wit h t he descript ion MATL SS
PI PE 6- 18 I NCH and creat e COA 3202, t ype P, wit h t he
descript ion MATL SS PI PE 6- 18 I NCH.
2 I dent ify in I carus Reference, Chapt er 34, Code of Account s,
which range of I carus COAs t o allocat e t o 3201 and 3202. I n
t his case, it is COAs 320 t o 327, represent ing st ainless st eel
pipe.
3 Click I nser t in t he Account allocat ions sect ion
98 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
4 Ent er 320 in t he Fr om field and 327 in t he To field. Ent er
3201 in t he Mat er i al field and ent er 3202 in t he Labor
field.
5 Click on t he Ex cept i ons checkbox t o act ivat e t he lower
port ion of t he dialog box. Ent er 304P as t he Mat erial.
Not e: I carus Reference, Chapt er 28, Mat erial Select ions,
provides t he symbols for st ainless st eel and ot her mat erials.
Many st ainless st eels are available. This example is limit ed t o
304P for brevit y.
6 I n t he Fr om Si ze field, ent er 6. I n t he To Si ze field, ent er
18.
7 Make sure t hat t he I / P check box is select ed.
Not e: COA Modifier and Subt ype let you be more specific about
t he it ems you want allocat ed t o a new COA. They are described
in I carus Reference, Chapt er 35, Dat abase Relat ions .

8 Click OK. This moves all mat erial cost s for all 6- 18 I NCH 304P
pipe, fit t ings, and valves t o COA 3201 and all labor cost s for
t hese it ems t o COA 3202.
9 When you are finished, review t he Account Allocat ion order t o
see t hat t he account s are in t he correct order. Then click OK
t o save your work and exit t he COA Set s Manager.
I ndex i ng
The Mat er i al and Man- hour specificat ion forms in t he
I ndex i ng folder let you manipulat e t he mat erial and/ or man-
hour cost s for process equipment and inst allat ion bulks. You can
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 99
also adj ust t hese indexes by locat ion by using t he Locat i on
specificat ion form.
For example, you could specify t o increase t he mat erial cost s
associat ed wit h a t ype of process equipment .
I ndexing is used t o t ailor Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or t o mimic
your work met hods and cost s. I f your equipment cost s for a
cat egory are consist ent ly offset from Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat ors values, use I ndex i ng t o correct t hat .
When calibrat ing a new cost basis, you can updat e an exist ing
Proj ect Level I ndexing file int o a new one. I n t his case t he old
and new Proj ect Level I ndexing will not be different but will be
direct replacement s.
Mat erial, Manhour, and Locat ion indices are ext ernalized t o a
single ext ernal file. You can select an ext ernal indexing file at
t he proj ect level, edit it , and use t he local file in a proj ect .
At t he area level, you can edit t he indexing, but you cannot
choose anot her ext ernal indexing file. The evaluat ion engine
uses indices from t he ext ernal file for proj ect evaluat ion.
Adj ust i ng I ndex es
To adj ust t he Mat er i al or Man- hour i ndex :
1 Right - click Mat er i al or Man- hour and click Edi t .
100 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

2 To adj ust t he index for all equipment or for all of one of t he
inst allat ion bulks, ent er t he index value in t he box provided.
For example, ent ering 200 in t he Equi pment box will
double t he mat erial cost s for all it ems under t he equipment
account group.
To adj ust t he index for a sub- cat egory, click t he arrow- but t on in
t he box. This accesses a similar form list ing sub- cat egories
corresponding t o t he Code of Account s ( see I carus Reference,
Chapt er 34, for a complet e list ) . Adj ust ment s t o a sub- cat egory
over- ride adj ust ment s t o t he account - group.
3 Click OK t o close t he form and apply changes.
To adj ust by l ocat i on:
1 Right - click on Locat i on and click Edi t .

2 Type t he locat ion descript ion.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 101
3 Type t he Code of Account ( COA) t o indicat e t he st art of t he
COA range, or click t he red arrow; t hen click Sel ect by t he
subcat egory on t he COA Subcat egory Select ion window.

The Equi pment COA Sel ect i on dialog box appears.

4 Click Sel ect again by t he COA.
102 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
The COA is ent ered on t he form.
5 Do t he same t o indicat e t he end of t he COA range.
6 Type t he amount t o escalat e mat erial cost s and/ or t he
amount t o escalat e man- hour cost s.
7 To escalat e anot her range, click Add.
8 Click OK t o close t he form and apply changes.
Edi t i ng an I ndex f i l e i nsi de a pr oj ect
To edi t an I ndex i nsi de a pr oj ect :
1 I n Pr oj ect Basi s view, right - click I ndex i ng.
2 Click Sel ect .

The I ndex i ng dialog box appears wit h t hree opt ions ( Mat erial,
Man Hour, and Locat ion. )

3 Click t he t ype of index you want t o edit ; t hen click Modi f y.
4 Edit t he index; t hen click OK.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 103
Del et i ng an I ndex Fi l e
1 I n Pr oj ect Basi s view, right - click I ndex i ng.
2 Click Sel ect .

A list of t he available index files appears.
3 Click t he t ype of index you want t o delet e; t hen click OK.
The I ndex file is loaded.
4 I n Pr oj ect Basi s view, right - click I ndex i ng.
5 Click Remove Sel ect i on.
A warning message appears t elling you t hat t he specificat ions
file will be delet ed.
6 I f you want t o remove t he I ndex file you select ed, click Yes.
Addi ng Modi f i ed I ndex Fi l es t o t he Li br ar y
To add a modi f i ed i ndex f i l e t o t he l i br ar y :
1 I n Pr oj ect Basi s view, right - click I ndex i ng.
2 Click Sel ect .

The I ndex i ng dialog box appears wit h t hree opt ions ( Mat erial,
Man Hour, and Locat ion. )
104 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

3 Click t he t ype of index you want t o edit ; t hen click Modi f y.
4 Edit t he index; t hen click OK.
5 I n Pr oj ect Basi s view, right - click I ndex i ng.
6 On t he menu t hat appears, click Ex por t t o Li br ar y .
A warning message t elling you t hat t he current COA
specificat ions must also be export ed appears.
7 Click OK.
The Dupl i cat e Code of Account s f i l e based on I ndex i ng
dialog box appears.

8 On t he Dupl i cat e Code of Account s f i l e based on
I ndex i ng dialog box, t ype a file name ( required) and
descript ion ( opt ional) for t he new file.
9 Click OK.
A message appears indicat ing t he new indexing file was
successfully creat ed in t he Library. The new indexing file appears
in t he Pal et t e window under I ndex i ng.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 105
Modi f y i ng an empt y I ndex i ng f i l e out si de t he
pr oj ect
1 Launch Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or wit hout any proj ect
open.
2 I n Pal et t e view, click t he Li br ar i es t ab.
3 On t he Li br ar i es t ab, expand t he I ndex i ng Li br ar y folder.
4 Double- click EMPTY t o open t he I ndex i ng dialog box.
The I ndex i ng dialog box appears displaying four opt ions.

5 Right - click COA f i l e; on t he menu t hat appears, click Modi f y .
The Sel ect a Code of Account Fi l e dialog box appears.
6 I n t he Code of Account Fi l es list , click DEFAULT COA file as
t he I ndexing COA.
7 I n t he I ndex i ng dialog box t hat appears, click one of t he
following:
o Mat erial
o Man Hour
o Locat ion
All indices are init ialized t o 100%. You can modify t he indices t o
your specificat ions.
8 When you have modified t he index or indices, save t he
ext ernal file.
Equi pment Rent al
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or aut omat ically develops rent al
equipment durat ions and cost s based on your proj ect work
106 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
it ems. You may adj ust or delet e t hese it ems and/ or add your
own t o more accurat ely reflect t he proj ect .
Adj ust i ng and Del et i ng Sy st em I t ems
To adj ust or del et e sy st em equi pment r ent al i t ems:
1 I n t he Basis for Capit al Cost s folder, right - click on
Equi pment Rent al , t hen, on t he menu t hat appears, click
Edi t on t he pop- up menu.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Equipment Rent al I nfo
specificat ions form in t he Main Window. A column for t he first rent al it em,
labeled I t em 1, is provided. I f you need t o add a column, click Add.
2 Ent er an it em descript ion and rent al equipment number. See
I carus Reference, Chapt er 32, for a complet e list of
const ruct ion equipment and associat ed equipment numbers.
3 Click a Rent al Act i on Code.
Cl i ck t o
ADD Add days t o t he rent al it ems Rent al Days Required.
You cannot use t his opt ion t o adj ust Mont hly Rent al
Rat e.
CHANGE Replace t he r ent al it ems Rent al Days Required
and/ or t he Mont hly Rent al Rat e.
DELETE Delet e t he rent al it em.

Not e: To change an exist ing it ems rent al rat e, you must select
CHANGE.
4 I n t he Rent al Day s Requi r ed field, depending on t he act ion
code, eit her ent er t he number of days t o add ( act ion code is
ADD) or t he t ot al number of days ( act ion code is CHANGE) .
5 I f youve select ed t he CHANGE act ion code, you can ent er a
new rat e in t he Mont hl y Rat e field or leave it blank t o use
t he syst ems default rat e.
You cannot adj ust an exist ing it ems mont hly rat e using t he
ADD act ion code.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 107

Here, t he number of days required for I t em 1, DUMP TRUCK,
is being changed t o 5, and it s mont hly rat e is being changed
t o $6, 500. Two days are being added t o t he days required for
I t em 2, CRANE.
6 Click OK t o save t he specificat ions and close t he specificat ions
form.
Ent er i ng New Rent al I t ems
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides empt y slot s in every
equipment class for user- ent ered equipment it ems. Any t hat you
ent er are added t o t hose t hat Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
develops based on your proj ect work it ems.
To ent er a new r ent al i t em:
1 I n t he Basis for Capit al Cost s folder, right - click on
Equi pment Rent al and t hen click Edi t on t he pop- up menu.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he equipment rent al specificat ions
form in t he Main Window. A column for t he first rent al it em, labeled I t em
1, is provided. I f you need t o add a column, click Add.
2 Ent er an it em descript ion. The first 20 charact ers will appear
in t he Descript ion column on t he Equipment Rent al Summary
report . The next 16 charact ers will appear in t he size column
on t he Equipment Rent al Summary report .
Not e: The Equi pment Rent al Summar y report is not available
for Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. However, while t he det ail
descript ion will not appear in any report at t his t ime, t he cost of
t he it em will be included in t he equipment rent al cost t ot al
provided on t he Proj ect I ndirect Summary report .
3 Ent er an equipment number. Numbers 1- 20 are for t he
equipment class AUTOMOTI VE. All ot her numbers will share
108 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
t he equipment class of t he equipment number before it . For
example, an it em assigned equipment number 79 would be
classified EARTHMOVI NG because t hat is t he equipment class
of equipment number 78. Each equipment class includes
unused numbers for user- ent ries. Refer t o I carus Reference,
Chapt er 32, for a complet e list of const ruct ion equipment and
associat ed equipment numbers.
4 Click Add as t he Rent al Act ion Code.
5 Ent er t he Rent al Days Required.
6 Ent er t he Mont hly Rat e.
7 Click OK t o save t he specificat ions and close t he specificat ions
form.
Sy st ems
Use t he feat ures of t he Syst ems t ree diagrams t o define, t rack,
and revise power dist ribut ion and process cont rol net works.
Pow er Di st r i but i on
The Pow er Di st r i but i on t ree diagram let s you define t he
elect rical configurat ion and loads in areas and process cont rol
cent ers.

You can specify:
t he quant it y and size of t ransmission line( s)
main and unit subst at ion( s)
t he degree of redundancy
t he t ype and met hod of placement of dist ribut ion cable
The Pow er Di st r i but i on specificat ions work in conj unct ion wit h
t he elect rical specificat ions at t he proj ect and area levels.
Most users define t he dist ribut ion configurat ion ( for example,
which main subst at ion is t o feed which downst ream unit
subst at ion) and cable placement . Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
t hen sizes t he it ems t o sat isfy t he st art - up and running elect rical
loads ( drivers, light ing, t racing, and so on) always heading
upst ream.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 109
To def i ne pow er di st r i but i on:
1 I n t he Sy st ems subfolder, right - click on Pow er Di st r i but i on
and t hen click Edi t on t he pop- up.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Pow er Di st r i but i on
t ree in t he Mai n window.

New proj ect s include one default main subst at ion feeding a
default unit subst at ion. The main subst at ion is assumed t o be an
exist ing one, so no elect rical bulk quant it ies will be generat ed for
it . I f t he elect rical bulk quant it ies are required in t he est imat e,
you should change t he input paramet ers for t his default main
subst at ion. All newly added and import ed areas, and newly
added process cont rol it ems, are aut omat ically linked t o t he
default unit subst at ion.
2 Use t he t ree diagram t o define t he power dist ribut ion
net work. A descript ion of t he t ree diagram act ions follows.
Addi ng Pow er Di st r i but i on I t ems
Power dist ribut ion it ems include:
Transmission lines
Main subst at ions
Unit subst at ions
Power dist ribut ion it ems are sized and cost est imat ed based on
informat ion provided wit h t he proj ect design basis, power
dist ribut ion specificat ions, area specificat ions, and t he list of
equipment and bulk it ems requiring elect rical power.
To add a pow er di st r i but i on i t em:
1 Select an it em in t he t ree diagram.
The added power dist ribut ion it em is added t o t he t ree diagram
under t he select it em.
110 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
To add Do t hi s
Transmission line Select t he Proj ect it em.
Main subst at ion Select t he Proj ect or a t ransmission line it em.
Unit subst at ion Select t he Proj ect , a t ransmission line, a main subst at ion, or a
unit subst at ion it em.
2 Right - click on t he it em and, depending on t he it em select ed,
click:
Add Tr ansmi ssi on Li ne
or
Add Mai n Subst at i on
or
Add Uni t Subst at i on
A dialog box appears in which t o ent er a name for t he it em.

3 Ent er a name and click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he specificat ions form for
t he new it em.

4 Ent er t he specificat ions; t hen click OK.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 111
Addi ng Li nk s t o Ar eas
You can link a unit subst at ion t o an area ( or mult iple areas) ,
making it t he power source for load cent ers in t he specified
area( s) .
To add a l i nk t o an ar ea:
1 Right - click on t he unit subst at ion in t he t ree diagram and click
Li nk Ar ea on t he pop- up menu.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Li nk t o Ar ea dialog
box.

2 Select an unlinked area and click OK.
On t he t ree diagram, t he linked area is shown under t he unit
subst at ion.

Addi ng Li nk s t o Cont r ol Sy st ems
You can link a unit subst at ion t o a process cont rol syst em ( or
mult iple syst ems) .
To add a l i nk t o a pr ocess cont r ol syst em:
1 Right - click on t he unit subst at ion and click Li nk Cont r ol
Sy st em on t he pop- up menu.
2 Select an unlinked cont rol syst em and click OK.
On t he t ree diagram, t he linked cont rol syst em is shown
under t he unit subst at ion.

112 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
To unl i nk a cont r ol sy st em:
Right - click on t he cont rol syst em in t he t ree diagram; t hen
click Unl i nk on t he pop- up menu.
Unl i nk i ng
The Unl i nk command let s you disconnect an area or process
cont rol it em from a unit subst at ion:
To unl i nk an ar ea f r om a pr ocess cont r ol i t em:
I n t he t ree diagram, right - click on t he area you want t o
delet e; t hen, on t he menu t hat appears, click Unl i nk .
Del et i ng Pow er Di st r i but i on I t ems
Should power dist ribut ion net work specificat ions for t he proj ect
change, or when you want t o explore alt ernat ives, it may be
necessary t o delet e previously defined power dist ribut ion it ems
( t ransmission lines, main subst at ions, unit subst at ions) .
To del et e a pow er di st r i but i on i t em:
1 I n t he t ree diagram, right - click on t he it em you want t o
delet e.
2 Click Del et e.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays a confirmat ion dialog box.

3 Click Yes t o confirm t he delet ion.
Pr ocess Cont r ol
I f you do not ent er Process Cont rol specificat ions, Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or assumes t hat process cont rol is provided t o all
areas by a default digit al cont rol syst em consist ing of a digit al
cont rol cent er report ing t o an operat or cent er. The cont rol and
operat or cent ers are aut omat ically sized t o meet requirement s.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 113
You can define a process cont rol net work using t he Process
Cont rol t ree diagram. The t ree diagram it ems represent t he
process cont rol net work, consist ing of:
Operat or cent ers ( digit al only)
Cont rol cent ers ( digit al or analog)
Programmable Logic Cont rol ( PLC) Cent ers
Specialt y ( SPC) cent ers
Use t he t ree diagram t o define t he net work from t he t op down.
Report ing t o t he Proj ect it em, you may add operat or cent ers,
cont rol cent ers, or PLCs. Cont rol cent ers may report t o operat or
cent ers. Digit al, analog, and PLC cont rol cent ers may be mixed
wit hin t he same proj ect .
When a proj ect est imat e is run, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
sizes all process cont rol it ems and report s t heir sizes, rat ings,
and inst allat ion det ails at t he end of t he report for t he last area.
Det ai l s on field inst rument at ion and final cont rol element s wit h
t heir associat ed air supply det ails are report ed on a component
basis. Det ails for area j unct ion boxes, cable t rays, and so on are
report ed on an area basis.
To def i ne pr ocess cont r ol :
1 I n t he Sy st ems folder, right - click Pr ocess Cont r ol ; t hen, on
t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t
The Pr ocess Cont r ol t ree diagram appears, displaying t he
process cont rol net work.

2 Use t he t ree diagram t o define t he desired process cont rol
net work and it s report ing st ruct ure. A descript ion of t he t ree
diagram act ions follows.
Addi ng Pr ocess Cont r ol I t ems
Process cont rol it ems include:
Operat or cent ers
114 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Cont rol cent ers
PLC cent ers.
Specialt y cent ers
To add a pr ocess cont r ol i t em:
1 Select an it em in t he t ree diagram. The new process cont rol
it em will be placed under t he select ed it em.
To add Do t hi s
Operat or cent er Select t he Proj ect it em.
Cont rol cent er Select t he Proj ect it em ( for analog or digit al) or
an operat or cent er it em ( for digit al) .
PLC cent er Select t he Proj ect it em or operat or cent er.
Specialt y cent er Select t he Proj ect it em or operat or cent er.
2 Right - click on t he it em and, depending on t he it em being
added, click one of t he following on t he pop- up menu:
o Add Operat or Cent er
o Add Cont rol Cent er
o Add PLC Cent er
o Add SPC Cent er ( Specialt y cent er)
A dialog box appears in which t o ent er a name for t he it em.

3 Type t he name of t he it em and click OK.
The it em is added t o t he t ree diagram.
4 To edit t he it ems specificat ions, right - click on t he it em and
click Edi t on t he pop- up menu.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 115

5 Click OK t o save t he specificat ions.
Addi ng Li nk s t o Ar eas
You can link cont rol cent ers, PLC cent ers, and SPC cent ers t o
areas. A cent er serves inst rument at ion wit hin t he area( s) t o
which it is linked.
To add a l i nk t o an ar ea:
1 Right - click t he it em in t he t ree diagram; t hen, on t he menu
t hat appears, Li nk Ar ea.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Li nk t o Ar ea dialog
box.

2 Click an unlinked area; t hen click OK.
116 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
On t he t ree diagram, t he linked area is shown under t he select ed
process cont rol it em.

Unl i nk i ng
The Unl i nk opt ion let s you disconnect an area from a process
cont rol it em.
To unl i nk an ar ea f r om a pr ocess cont r ol i t em:
1 I n t he t ree diagram, right - click t he area you want t o delink.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Unl i nk .
Del et i ng Pr ocess Cont r ol I t ems
As t he specificat ions for t he proj ect scenario change, or when
you want t o explore alt ernat ives, it may be necessary t o delet e
process cont rol it ems ( operat or cent ers, cont rol cent ers, PLC
cent ers, and SPC cent ers) .
To del et e a pr ocess cont r ol i t em:
1 I n t he t ree diagram, right - click t he it em you want t o delet e.
2 Click Del et e.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays a confirmat ion dialog box.

3 Click Yes t o confirm delet ion.
Cont r act s
The t ree diagrams in t he Cont r act s folder let you define
responsibilit y and assign scope of effort t o cont ract ors for
engineering, procurement , and const ruct ion. There are t wo
t ree- diagrams:

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 117
Cont r act or s: Use t o specify each cont ract ors indirect cost
st ruct ure and est ablish t he responsibilit y of one cont ract or t o
anot her for cost report ing. I n addit ion, engineering and
const ruct ion workforce charact erist ics can be assigned t o
each cont ract or.
Scope: Use t o specify set s of cont ract ors and assign scope of
work t o each cont ract or in each set .
Cont r act or s
To access t he Cont r act or s t r ee di agr am:
I n t he Cont r act s subfolder, right - click Cont r act or s; t hen, on
t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Cont r act or s t ree
diagram in t he Mai n window.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or comes set up wit h one default
cont ract or wit h t he name Ow ner .
From t he pop- up menu accessed by right - clicking on an it em in
t he t ree diagram, you can:
Add cont ract ors
Link cont ract ors t o workforces
Edit cont ract or definit ions
Delet e cont ract ors
Close t he t ree diagram
Descript ions of t hese act ions follow.
118 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Addi ng a Cont r act or
To add a cont r act or :
1 I n t he t ree diagram, right - click Ow ner ; t hen, on t he menu
t hat appears, click Add Cont r act or .

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Add a New
Cont r act or dialog box.

2 Type t he name of t he cont ract or and click OK.
Addi ng Li nk s t o Wor k f or ces
Workforces are defined in t he Proj ect Basis views Engineering
Workforce folder ( page 80) and t he Const ruct ion Workforce
folder ( page 88) . Once you have defined workforces, you can
link cont ract ors t o t hem.
To l i nk a cont r act or t o a w or k f or ce:
1 Right - click on t he cont ract or in t he t ree diagram and,
depending on t he t ype of workforce you wish t o add, click:
Li nk t o Const r . Wor k For ce
or
Li nk t o Engg. Wor k For ce
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays a dialog box list ing
workforces by number.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 119

2 Click t he number represent ing t he desired workforce and
click OK.
I n t he t ree diagram, t he workforce appears under t he cont ract or.
Unl i nk i ng
The Unl i nk command let s you disconnect a workforce from a
cont ract or.
To unl i nk a w or k f or ce f r om a cont r act or :
Right - click on t he workforce in t he t ree diagram and click
Unl i nk on t he pop- up menu.

Edi t i ng Cont r act or Def i ni t i ons
To edi t a cont r act or def i ni t i on:
1 Right - click t he cont ract or in t he t ree diagram; t hen, on t he
menu t hat appears, click Edi t .

120 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
2 Type or revise specificat ions on t he Cont r act Def i ni t i on
dialog box.

3 Click OK t o save and close.
Del et i ng a Cont r act or
To del et e a cont r act or :
1 Right - click t he it em in t he t ree diagram; t hen, on t he menu
t hat appears, click Del et e.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 121

You are prompt ed t o confirm delet ion of t he cont ract or from
workforce link.

2 Click Yes.
Scope
Use t he Scope t ree diagram t o specify cont ract or set s and assign
scope of work t o each cont ract or in each set .
To access t he Scope t r ee di agr am:
I n t he Cont r act s subfolder, right - click Scope; t hen click
Edi t .

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he t ree diagram in t he
Mai n window.
Not e: All areas ( whet her added or import ed) , power dist ribut ion
it ems, and process cont rol it ems are aut omat ically linked t o t he
default cont ract set unt il ot herwise specified.
122 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

Addi ng Cont r act or Set s
A cont ract or set ( Conset ) is a subset of all cont ract ors defined in
a proj ect . A cont ract or j oi ns a Conset when it is assigned
responsibilit y for cat egories of work.
To add a Conset :
1 Right - click Pr oj ect in t he t ree diagram; t hen, on t he menu
t hat appears, click Add Conset .

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 123
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Cont r act Scope
specificat ions form.

2 Use t he Scope Descr i pt i on field t o describe t he
responsibilit ies for t he Conset ( for example, All Engineering,
Above Ground Mechanical, Subst at ions) .
3 To assign a cont ract or t o a cat egory of work, click t he
drop- down arrow in t he cat egory field and select a cont ract or
number.

4 Click OK t o apply t he specificat ions t o t he proj ect and close
t he specificat ions form. The newly added Conset will appear
in t he t ree diagram.
Addi ng Li nk s
The Li nk commands allow you t o assign each cont ract or set
responsibilit y for t he scope of work in a segment of t he proj ect .
To l i nk an i t em t o a cont r act or set :
1 Right - click a Conset in t he t ree diagram and click one of t he
following commands on t he pop- up menu t hat appears:
Cl i ck To do t hi s
Link Area Link a previously defined area t o t he select ed cont r act or
set .
Link t o Power Dist ribut ion Link a previously defined power dist ribut ion it em t o t he
select ed cont ract or set .
Link t o Process Cont rol Link a previously defined process cont r ol it em t o t he
select ed cont ract or set .
124 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
2 A dialog box appears corresponding t o t he select ed link
command. The following dialog box appears if you select t he
Li nk t o Pr ocess Cont r ol command.

Not e: All areas, power dist ribut ion it ems, and process cont rol
it ems are aut omat ically linked t o t he default Conset unt il
ot herwise specified; t herefore, you may first have t o unlink
it ems from t he default Conset in order t o make t hem available.
See Unlinking on page 124 for inst ruct ions.
3 Click OK t o link t he select ed it em t o t he Conset .
The it em appears under t he Conset on t he t ree diagram. I n t he
t ree diagram shown below, t he process cont rol it em named
Monomer CTL ( CTL 2) is linked t o t he Conset named
Subst at ions ( Conset Number 4) .

Unl i nk i ng
The Unl i nk command let s you remove responsibilit y for t he
scope of work in a segment of t he proj ect .
To unl i nk an i t em f r om a Conset :
Right - click a linked it em in t he t ree diagram; t hen, on t he
menu t hat appears, and click Unl i nk .
The it em no longer appears under t he Conset and is now
available t o be linked t o anot her Conset .
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 125
Edi t i ng Cont r act or Set s
The Edi t command let s you assign responsibilit y for engineering,
purchasing mat erials, and inst allat ion t o previously defined
cont ract ors for t he select ed cont ract or set ( Conset ) .
To edi t a Conset :
1 Right - click on a Conset in t he t ree diagram; t hen, on t he
menu t hat appears, click Edi t .
The Conset Speci f i cat i ons dialog box appears.

2 Select a specificat ion.
Sel ect t o
Engineering Assign responsibilit y for engineering t asks.
Purchase mat erials Assign responsibilit y for purchasing on an account - by- account
basis.
I f y ou sel ect Pur chase Mat er i al s, sk i p t o St ep 6.
I nst allat ion Define responsibilit y for inst allat ion of all field mat erial on an
account - by- account basis. Const ruct ion equipment rent al
appropriat e for each work it em is aut omat ically assigned t o
t he inst allat ion cont ract or.
I f y ou sel ect I nst al l at i on, sk i p t o St ep 6.
Except ions Specify except ions t o scope by Code of Account ( COA) or COA
range.
I f y ou sel ect Ex cept i ons, sk i p t o St ep 10.
I f y ou sel ect ed Engi neer i ng:
3 Click Modi f y t o assign responsibilit y for engineering.
The Cont r act Scope For m appears.
4 Ent er t he specificat ions.
5 Click OK t o apply your specificat ions t o t he proj ect and ret urn
t o t he Conset Speci f i cat i ons dialog box.
126 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
I f y ou sel ect ed Pur chase Mat er i al s or I nst al l at i on:
6 Click Modi f y t o assign responsibilit y for t he select ed t ask.
A form appears list ing cat egories of mat erials t o be purchased or
inst alled ( depending upon your select ion) .

7 Click t he arrow on a mat erial cat egory field t o select t he
cont ract or who will be responsible for purchasing/ inst alling
t his cat egory of mat erial in t his Conset .
8 Click OK t o apply t he specificat ions t o t he proj ect and ret urn
t o t he Conset Speci f i cat i ons dialog box.
9 Click Cl ose t o close t he dialog box.
I f y ou sel ect ed Ex cept i ons:
10 Click Modi f y t o assign except ions.
The Cont r act Scope Ex cept i on dialog box appears.

One blank it em column is provided. To add an it em column, click
Add.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 127
11 Ent er t he Code of Account ( COA) or COA range for which t he
except ion applies.
12 Ent er t he number of t he cont ract or responsible for t his COA
or COA range.
13 I n t he Ex cept i on Ty pe field, select whet her t he cont ract or is
responsible for purchase ( PURC) or inst allat ion ( I NSTL) of t his
COA or COA range.
14 Click OK t o apply t he except ions and close t he form.
Del et i ng Cont r act or Set s
The Del et e command let s you delet e previously defined
cont ract or set s ( Conset s) .
Not e: Conset s can only be delet ed if no it ems are linked t o t he
cont ract or set . Any linked it ems must first be unlinked.
To del et e a Conset :
Right - click t he Conset in t he t ree diagram; t hen, on t he menu
t hat appears, click Del et e.
I mpor t i ng ol d St andar d basi s
f i l es
1 Open your Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Soft ware.
2 Go t o t he Li br ar i es t ab.
3 Click Basi s f or Capi t al Cost s.
4 Right - click eit her I nch- Pound or Met r i c.
5 Click I MPORT.
The dialog t hat appears default s t o looking for t he I CARUS 2000
specs file.
6 Browse t o t he specs file you want t o import .
7 Click t he specs file t o import .
Your I CARUS 2000 t emplat e ( st andard basis file) is now in t he
new Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or syst em.
128 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Cust omer Ex t er nal Fi l es
When cert ain specificat ions, such as pipe insulat ion t hickness,
are not ent ered by t he user, Aspen I n- Plant Cost Est imat or
refers t o ASCI I format files t o make t he appropriat e select ion.
These files are accessible in t he Palet t es Li br ar i es view. There,
in t he Cust omer Ex t er nal Fi l es library, t hese files are divided
int o subfolders t hat correspond t o t he cat egories in Proj ect
Explorers Cust omer Ext ernal Files folder. When no proj ect is
open, you can creat e in t he Palet t e a duplicat e of a default or
t emplat e file, assigning it a different name ( see page 215 for
inst ruct ions) . You can t hen open t he file ( st ored at
AspenTech/ Economic Evaluat ion V7. 1/ Dat a, unless locat ion is
changed in Preferences) in any ASCI I t ext edit or and cust omize
t he rules and specificat ions. ( Refer t o I carus Reference when
cust omizing files. Chapt er 23 of I carus Reference provides
inst ruct ions on how t o cust omize an insulat ion specs file. )
To use a cust omer ext ernal file, you will need t o select it in
Proj ect Explorer. Ot herwise, Aspen I n- Plant Cost Est imat or uses
t he default file.
To sel ect a f i l e:
1 Right - click t he cat egory.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .

A select ion dialog box appears.

3 Click t he file you want t o use.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 129
4 Click OK.
Pr oj ect Ex ecut i on Schedul e
Set t i ngs
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or generat es a CPM barchart planning
schedule based on t he scope of work defined for t he proj ect . The
proj ect schedule includes dat es and durat ions for t he following:
Design engineering
Procurement
Delivery of mat erials and equipment
Sit e development
Const ruct ion
St art - up and commissioning
The const ruct ion schedule is int egrat ed wit h t he cost est imat e t o
provide a basis for t he schedule- dependent cost s such as
equipment rent al requirement s, field supervision, and
const ruct ion management .
Adj ust i ng Schedul e and Bar char t s

To adj ust schedul e and bar char t s:
1 I n t he Proj ect Execut ion Schedule Set t ings subfolder,
right - click on Adj ust Schedul e and Bar char t s and click Edi t
on t he pop- up menu.
130 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
The Schedul e Adj ust ment s specificat ions dialog box appears in
t he Main Window.

2 I n t he St ar t Engi neer i ng Phase field, select whet her t o
st art engineering wit h t he Det ailed Engineering or Basic
Engineering.
3 Specify st art ing dat es for engineering and const ruct ion
( required t o generat e barchart schedule report s) .
4 Specify percent adj ust ment s t o t he syst em- generat ed
schedule for engineering, delivery of equipment and plant
bulk it ems, and const ruct ion manpower act ivit ies.
5 Specify t ot al const ruct ion durat ion in weeks. Const ruct ion
includes sit ework, civil, and mechanical erect ion.
6 Specify up t o five equipment classes for which t o include
separat e procurement / inst allat ion act ivit y bars ( see I carus
Reference, Chapt er 36, Equipment Fabricat e/ Ship I t ems, for a
list of equipment classes) . See t he next subsect ion for
inst ruct ions on set t ing delivery t imes for equipment classes.
7 I f desired, change t he symbols used for print ing element s of
t he barchart .
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 131
8 Click OK t o save t he schedule and barchart adj ust ment s and
close t he specificat ions form.
- or -
Click Cancel t o close t he form wit hout saving changes.
Set t i ng Del i ver y Ti mes f or Equi pment
Cl asses

To set vendor f abr i cat i on and shi ppi ng t i mes f or
equi pment cl ass:
1 I n t he Proj ect Execut ion Schedule Set t ings subfolder,
right - click on Equi pment Cl ass Del i v er y Ti mes and click
Edi t .
The Schedul e Equi pment Cl asses specificat ions form appears
in t he Main Window.

2 For each equipment class, specify t he number of weeks
needed t o fabricat e and ship equipment aft er vendor dat a
approval.
3 Click OK t o save t he specificat ions and close t he form.
- or -
Click Cancel t o close t he form wit hout saving changes.
132 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Schedul i ng I ndi vi dual Pr oj ect Component s
You can specify up t o five proj ect component s t o appear wit h
separat e procurement and inst allat ion act ivit y bars in t he
barchart . For each specified component , you can set vendor
fabricat ion and shipping t ime.

To schedul e pr oj ect component s:
1 I n t he Proj ect Execut ion Schedule Set t ings subfolder,
right - click on Equi pment I t em Del i v er y Ti mes and click
Edi t .
The Schedul e Equi pment I t ems specificat ions form appears in
t he Mai n window.

2 Ent er t he t ag number of t he proj ect component for which t o
include a separat e act ivit y bar in t he barchart .
3 Ent er t he number of weeks required for t he vendor t o
fabricat e and ship t he proj ect component .
4 Repeat t his process ( st eps 2 and 3) t o schedule up t o five
proj ect component s.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 133
5 Click OK t o save t he specificat ions and close t he form.
- or -
Click Cancel t o close t he form wit hout saving changes.
Addi ng Bar Char t I t ems
You can define up t o four cust om- designed bars. For example,
you might define specific bars for funding approval and permit s.
( These bars have no effect on t he calculat ed const ruct ion
durat ion. )

To add bar char t i t ems:
1 I n t he Proj ect Execut ion Schedule Set t ings subfolder,
right - click on Add Bar char t I t ems; t hen click Edi t .
The Schedul e Bar I t ems specificat ions form appears in t he
Main Window.
Not e: A blank column is included for I t em 1. To add an
addit ional it em, click Add.

2 Ent er a descript ion for t he act ivit y bar being added.
3 Specify a st art and finish dat e for t he act ivit y.
4 Select a bar posit ion: t op of barchart ( T) , basic engineering
( B) , det ailed engineering ( D) , procurement ( P) , sit ework ( S) ,
const ruct ion ( C) , end of barchart ( E) .
5 To add anot her bar, click Add and repeat st eps 2- 4. You can
have a maximum of four user- defined bars.
134 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
6 Click OK t o save t he specificat ions and close t he form.
- or -
Click Cancel t o close t he form wit hout saving changes.
I PS Pr oj ect Schedul e Set t i ngs
Not e: IPS Project Schedule Settings are only included in Aspen Capital
Cost Estimator if you are licensed to use Aspen Icarus Project Scheduler
(IPS).
I f you are licensed t o use Aspen I carus Proj ect Scheduler ( I PS)
and you select ed at st art up t o use I PS in t he Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or environment , t he I PS Proj ect Schedule Set t ings folder
is included in t he Proj ect Explorers Basis view.
Using t hese set t ings, you can make adj ust ment s t o t he
Primavera Ent erprise schedules produced by Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or.
Usi ng Aspen I car us Pr oj ect Schedul er ( I PS)
i n t he Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
Envi r onment
At St art up, select t he Aspen I car us Pr oj ect Schedul er check
box in t he Opt i ons dialog box. This opt ion is not select ed by
default .

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 135
Not e: I f t he Opt i ons dialog box does not appear at St art up,
open Preferences ( Tool s | Opt i ons | Pr ef er ences) . On t he
Gener al t ab, mark t he Di spl ay Opt i ons Choi ce Di al og on
Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or St ar t up box.
As a result of select ing t o use Aspen I PS wit hin Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or, an addit ional folder for I PS Proj ect Schedule
Set t ings appears in Proj ect Explorers Proj ect Basis view.
Not e: Double- ast erisks ( * * ) indicat e t hat t he specificat ions do
not apply t o pipeline proj ect s.

Changes made t o t he I PS Proj ect Schedule Set t ings will be
reflect ed in t he scheduling report s generat ed for display in
Primavera. The following are descript ions of t he set t ings.
Schedul e Appear ance Adj ust ment s
Ti t l e
To ent er a pr oj ect schedul e t i t l e t o r epl ace t he sy st em-
gener at ed t i t l e:
1 Right - click on Ti t l e and click Edi t .
2 Ent er a t it le, up t o 60 charact ers.
136 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

3 Click Appl y .
Descr i pt i on Modi f i cat i on - Engi neer i ng
To modi f y an engi neer i ng act i vi t y descr i pt i on:
1 Right - click on Engi neer i ng and click Edi t on t he pop- up
menu.

I f you have not previously ent ered a descript ion modificat ion,
t here should be one blank column ( I t em 1) . I f it has already
been filled- in, click Add t o add a new column in which t o ent er a
modificat ion.
2 Select an act ivit y or group of act ivit ies for which t he
descript ion modificat ion is t o be made. This is done by
specifying all or part of t he Act ivit y Number.
The part s of t he Act ivit y Number are broken up int o t he fields
under ACTI VI TY NUMBER. Act ivit y Numbers, which are list ed
on pages 677 t hrough 716 in Appendix A, have 10 charact ers. I f
you want t o modify a group of act ivit ies, you can ent er
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 137
wildcard ast erisks in some fields. At least one of t he fields
( besides t he t wo preset fields) must cont ain numbers.
Not e: See Appendix A for a list of Act ivit y Numbers.
Pr eset engi neer i ng f i el d 1
The first t hree charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number are fixed and
t he same for all act ivit ies. They are always 000 .
Engi neer i ng phase
The fourt h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number indicat es t he
maj or engineering phase:
0 Basic engineering phase
1 Det ail engineering phase
2 Procurement phase
To select all phases, ent er an ast erisk ( * ) .
Engi neer i ng cont r act or number
The fift h and sixt h charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number indicat e
t he engineering cont ract number. For fixed proj ect - level
act ivit ies, t hese charact ers will be 00 . The engineering
cont ract number is det ermined based on your specificat ions
for cont ract ors under Basis for Capit al Cost s in t he Proj ect
Basis ( see page 117) . I t must be a number bet ween 01 and
40. I f all engineering cont ract or numbers are t o be select ed,
ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
Account gr oup number
Ex cept i on: Where applicable, t he sevent h and nint h charact ers
of t he Act ivit y Number indicat e t he process equipment class ( 01-
26) . Equipment classes are defined in Appendix C.
The sevent h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number indicat es t he
account group number. I t is derived from t he first charact er
of t he Code of Account s.
0, 1, 2 Equipment or general
3 Piping
4 Civil
5 St eelwork
6 I nst rument at ion
7 Elect rical
8 I nsulat ion
9 Paint ing
138 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
I f all account groups are t o be select ed for modificat ion, ent er
one ast erisk ( * ) .
Pr eset engi neer i ng f i el d 2
The eight h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number is fixed and
t he same for all act ivit ies. I t is always 0 .
Sequence i n account gr oup number
The nint h and t ent h numbers provide sequent ial grouping
wit hin t he maj or hierarchy of t he first eight charact ers. I f
all numbers wit hin a sequence group are t o be select ed,
ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
Not e: where applicable, t he sevent h and nint h charact ers
of t he Act ivit y Number indicat e t he process equipment
class ( 01- 26) . Equipment classes are defined on page
725.
3 I n t he Descr i pt i on and t ag mod. Opt i on field, select
whet her t o modify bot h t he descript ion and t he t ag ( default ) ,
only t he descript ion, or only t he t ag.
4 I f you are modifying t he act ivit y descript ion, ent er t he new
descript ion in t he Engg. act i vi t y descr i pt i on field ( up t o 32
charact ers) .
5 I f you are modifying t he t ag, ent er t he new t ag in t he Tag
field ( up t o 12 charact ers) . I t will be used in place of t he t ag
( if any) provided by t he syst em. The t ag may be used as a
cont inuat ion of t he descript ion.
6 To modify anot her act ivit y descript ion, click Add. A new
column will appear. Repeat t he process for t he ot her act ivit y
descript ion.
7 Click Appl y when done.
8 Click Cancel t o close t he form.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 139
Descr i pt i on Modi f i cat i on Const r uct i on
To modi f y a const r uct i on act i vi t y descr i pt i on:
1 Right - click on Const r uct i on and click Edi t on t he pop- up
menu.

I f you have not previously ent ered a descript ion modificat ion,
t here should be one blank it em column ( I t em 1) . I f it has
already been filled- in, click Add t o add a new it em column in
which t o ent er a modificat ion.
2 Select an act ivit y or group of act ivit ies for which t he
descript ion modificat ion is t o be made. This is done by
specifying all or part of t he Act ivit y Number.
The Act ivit y Number is broken up int o t he fields under
ACTI VI TY NUMBER. Const ruct ion Act ivit y Numbers, which
are list ed in Appendix B, have 10 charact ers. I f you want t o
modify a group of act ivit ies, you can ent er wildcard
ast erisks in some fields. However, at least one of t he fields
must cont ain numbers.
o Ar ea number
The first and second charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number
indicat e t he Area number, 01 t hrough 90, or ot her proj ect -
level it ems, such as subst at ions, cont rol panel and power
t ransmission lines, which always use 91. I f act ivit ies from
all Areas are t o be select ed, ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
o I dent i f i cat i on number
140 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
The t hird t hrough fift h charact ers cont ain t he user-
specified reference number from t he specificat ions form for
equipment it ems and plant bulks. For subst at ions, t he
fourt h and fift h charact ers cont ain t he subst at ion reference
number ( 01- 99) specified by t he user or, if not specified,
t he Syst em default reference number of 00. I f all reference
numbers are t o be select ed, ent er t hree ast erisks ( * * * ) .
Not e: See Appendix D for t he Equipment Code definit ions.
o Equi pment t y pe
The sixt h and sevent h charact ers cont ain t he Equipment
Code. See Appendix D, page 727, for Equipment Code
definit ions. All ot her act ivit ies have a fixed ident ifier in
posit ions six and seven of t he act ivit y number, as list ed in
Act ivit y Numbering Convent ions t able on page 718. Ent er
t wo ast erisks ( * * ) if all Equipment Type numbers are t o be
select ed.
Not e: The const ruct ion act ivit ies are list ed, beginning on page
718 ( in Appendix B) , by t he last t hree charact ers of t he Act ivit y
Number. These last t hree charact ers form t he account group
number and account code.
o Account gr oup number
The eight h charact er, t he account group number, refers t o
t he t ype of work performed in t he act ivit y. The account
group number combined wit h t he account code ( in t he field
below) , form t he t hree- charact er code by which t he
const ruct ion and sit e development act ivit ies are list ed
beginning on page 717 ( Appendix B) . I f all account group
numbers are t o be select ed, ent er an ast erisk ( * ) .
o Account code
Ent er t he nint h and t ent h digit s of t he Act ivit y Code for t he
act ivit ies t o be select ed for modificat ion ( t hat is, , excluding
t he first charact er, which is t he Account Group number,
above) . I f all Act ivit y Codes are t o be select ed, ent er t wo
ast erisks ( * * ) .
o Cont r act or number
The elevent h and t welft h charact ers are t he cont ract or
numbers. I f all cont ract ors are t o be select ed, ent er t wo
ast erisks ( * * )
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 141
3 I n t he Descr i pt i on and t ag mod. Opt i on field, select
whet her t o modify bot h t he descript ion and t he t ag ( default ) ,
only t he descript ion, or only t he t ag.
4 I f you are modifying t he act ivit y descript ion, ent er t he new
descript ion in t he Const r . act i vi t y descr i pt i on field ( up t o
32 charact ers) .
5 I f you are modifying t he t ag, ent er t he new t ag in t he Tag
field ( up t o 12 charact ers) . I t will be used in place of t he t ag
( if any) provided by t he syst em. The t ag may be used as a
cont inuat ion of t he descript ion.
6 To modify anot her act ivit y descript ion, click Add. A new
column will appear. Repeat t he process for t he ot her act ivit y
descript ion.
7 Click Appl y when done.
Schedul e Adj ust ment s by Dur at i on
The act ivit y durat ion and const ruct ion crew size are int errelat ed,
such t hat an adj ust ment t o t he durat ion will cause an inversely
proport ional adj ust ment t o t he act ivit y crew size, and vice versa.
You may specify eit her a durat ion adj ust ment , a maximum crew
size, a minimum crew size, or all t hree. I f a conflict occurs, t he
crew size adj ust ment will override t he durat ion adj ust ment .
I f not adj ust ed, durat ions are calculat ed for each act ivit y based
on t he t ype of act ivit y and associat ed direct const ruct ion
man- hours.
Cr ew Si ze
You can adj ust t he syst em act ivit y durat ions by ent ering
minimum/ maximum crew sizes for various const ruct ion act ivit ies
wit hin each account group.
142 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
To adj ust cr ew si ze:
1 Right - click on Cr ew Si ze and click Edi t on t he pop- up menu.

2 Specify minimum and maximum crew sizes; t hen click Appl y .
Cr af t s
The Craft Adj ust ment s form let s you modify t he syst em- defined
craft s. The craft code and craft descript ion may be complet ely
replaced by a user- defined code and descript ion.
I n addit ion, t he maximum craft pool sizes may be modified as
required. Modifying t he craft pool sizes will affect t he act ivit y
durat ions and t he overall j ob durat ions.
To adj ust a cr af t :
1 Right - click on Cr af t s and click Edi t on t he pop- up menu.
2 Select t he craft t o be adj ust ed by ent ering t he Syst em craft
code. See I carus Reference, Chapt er 30, for list s of craft
codes by Count ry Base.
3 Ent er a numeric ( 01- 99) User craft code t o subst it ut e for t he
preceding Syst em craft code.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 143
Not e: I f you specify a craft code already in use ( t hat is, , a
syst em craft code or a previously added user craft code) ,
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or will combine all pool sizes and
resource requirement s for t he specified craft code and t he
exist ing code.
4 Ent er a descript ion for t he craft in t he User cr af t
descr i pt i on field, up t o 20 charact ers.
5 Ent er t he number of men in t he user craft pool or ent er an
adj ust ment relat ive t o t he syst em craft pool size. The syst em
craft pool size is calculat ed based on t he syst em craft man-
- hours and schedule durat ion.
6 Ent er a 4- charact er user craft symbol. I f not hing is ent ered,
t he syst em craft symbol is used.

7 To ent er anot her adj ust ment , click Add. This adds anot her
column where you can repeat t he process.
8 When done, click Appl y .
Dur at i ons
You can use t o t he specificat ion forms for engineering,
const ruct ion, and procurement durat ions t o adj ust t he durat ions
by percent age.
Engineering
o Engineering Durat ion Adj ust ment s
You can ent er a percent age adj ust ment t o t he durat ions
calculat ed by t he syst em for Basic Engineering, Det ail
Engineering, and Procurement .
o Client Review Period
You can use t he Basi c engi neer i ng r evi ew per i od field
t o set t he durat ion of Act ivit y 0000003013, CLI ENT
144 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
APPROVAL- ESTI M&SCHED . Since all Det ail Engineering
act ivit ies are preceded, direct ly or indirect ly, by t his
act ivit y, you may impose a delay of any durat ion on t he
cont inuat ion of engineering act ivit y. This effect ively breaks
up t he work flow t o simulat e, for example, budget
approval delay.

Const ruct ion
You can ent er a percent age adj ust ment t o t he durat ions
calculat ed by t he syst em for nine different const ruct ion
act ivit ies. Any change in act ivit y durat ion will cause a
corresponding change in act ivit y resource ( crew) .

Procurement
For each equipment group, you may ent er t he number of
weeks needed t o fabricat e and ship t he equipment t o t he sit e
aft er vendor dat a approval.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 145

I f you make no adj ust ment , Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
uses t he following durat ions:
Equi pment Gr oup Dur at i on
Vessels 24 weeks
Towers 36 weeks
St orage Tanks 32 weeks
Pumps 22 weeks
Compressors 50 weeks
Turbines 50 weeks
Heat Exchangers 32 weeks
Boilers 55 weeks
Furnaces 40 weeks
Air Coolers 28 weeks
Package Refrigerat ion 44 weeks
Generat ors 26 weeks
Air Dryers 24 weeks
Conveyors 28 weeks
Mills 45 weeks
Fans 16 weeks
Elevat ors 26 weeks
Mot ors 16 weeks
Dust Collect ors 30 weeks
Filt ers 16 weeks
Cent rifuges 40 weeks
Mixers 16 weeks
Cooling Towers 32 weeks
Miscellaneous 26 weeks
146 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Equipment
Package I t ems 36 weeks
Packings and Linings 20 weeks
Schedul e Adj ust ment s by Act i vi t y and Logi c
Logi c Modi f i cat i on
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides sequencing logic, varying
wit h t he act ivit ies present , for all engineering and const ruct ion
act ivit ies, except as follows:
Where logical relat ionships cannot be predict ed for
syst em- designed act ivit ies, such as proj ect sit e development .
Where logical relat ionships cannot be predict ed because t he
act ivit y is user- specified.
Where a logical chain of act ivit ies has been subst ant ially
broken by delet ion of act ivit ies.

The Logic Modificat ion forms provide t he means t o eit her add
relat ionships bet ween successor and predecessor act ivit ies not
provided by t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or logic or t o modify
t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or logic by adding and delet ing
relat ionships. Separat e forms are provided for engineering and
const ruct ion sect ions of t he net work. When adding relat ionships,
a part icular relat ionship t ype may be specified. However, when
delet ing relat ionships, all relat ionships bet ween t he specified
act ivit ies are delet ed, regardless of relat ionship t ype.
For engineering act ivit ies, only engineering predecessors are
allowed. For const ruct ion act ivit ies, engineering and const ruct ion
predecessors are allowed.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 147
To add or del et e an engi neer i ng r el at i onshi p:
1 Right - click Engi neer i ng; t hen click Edi t t o display t he Logi c
Modi f i cat i on form for engineering.

2 I n t he Add/ del et e l ogi c opt i on field, select + or t o
indicat e whet her you are adding or delet ing a relat ionship.
3 Select a successor act ivit y, or group of act ivit ies, for which
logic modificat ions are t o be made. This is done by specifying
all or part of t he Act ivit y Number.
The part s of t he Act ivit y Number are broken up int o t he fields
under SUCCESSOR ACTI VI TY. Act ivit y Numbers, which are
list ed on pages 677 t hrough 716 ( in Appendix A) , have 10
charact ers. I f you want t o modify a group of act ivit ies, you can
ent er wildcard ast erisks in some fields. At least one of t he
fields ( besides t he t wo preset fields) must cont ain numbers.
Not e: See Appendix A for a list of Act ivit y Numbers.
Preset engineering field 1
The first t hree charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number are fixed and t he
same for all act ivit ies. They are always 000 .
148 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Engineering phase
The fourt h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number indicat es t he
maj or engineering phase:
0 Basic engineering phase
1 Det ail engineering phase
2 Procurement phase
To select all phases, ent er an ast erisk ( * ) .
Engineering cont ract or number
The fift h and sixt h charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number indicat e
t he engineering cont ract number. For fixed proj ect - level
act ivit ies, t hese charact ers will be 00 . The engineering
cont ract number is det ermined based on your specificat ions
for cont ract ors under Basis for Capit al Cost s in t he Proj ect
Basis ( see page 117) . I t must be a number bet ween 01 and
40. I f all engineering cont ract or numbers are t o be select ed,
ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
Account gr oup number
Ex cept i on: where applicable, t he sevent h and nint h charact ers
of t he Act ivit y Number indicat e t he process equipment class ( 01-
26) . Equipment classes are defined in Appendix C, page 725.
The sevent h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number indicat es t he
account group number. I t is derived from t he first
charact er of t he Code of Account s.
0, 1, 2 Equipment or general
3 Piping
4 Civil
5 St eelwork
6 I nst rument at ion
7 Elect rical
8 I nsulat ion
9 Paint ing
I f all account groups are t o be select ed for modificat ion,
ent er one ast erisk ( * ) .
o Pr eset engi neer i ng f i el d 2
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 149
The eight h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number is fixed and
t he same for all act ivit ies. I t is always 0 .
o Sequence i n account gr oup number
The nint h and t ent h numbers provide sequent ial grouping
wit hin t he maj or hierarchy of t he first eight charact ers. I f
all numbers wit hin a sequence group are t o be select ed,
ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
Not e: where applicable, t he sevent h and nint h charact ers of
t he Act ivit y Number indicat e t he process equipment class
( 01- 26) . Equipment classes are defined in Appendix C, page
725.
4 Select an act ivit y, or group of act ivit ies, t o be added or
delet ed as predecessor( s) t o t he specified Successor. Use t he
fields under PREDESSOR ENGG. ACTI VI TY t o select an
act ivit y t he same way you select ed a successor act ivit y.
5 I n t he Rel at i onshi p t y pe field, select t he specific t ype of
logical sequence t o use when adding relat ionships:
A Finish- t o- St art ( default )
S St art - t o- St art
F Finish- t o- Finish
Finish- t o- St art ( A) and St art - t o- St art ( S) relat ionships use t he
Predecessors work week t o calculat e calendar lag bet ween
act ivit ies. Finish- t o- Finish ( F) relat ionships use t he
successors work week.
The Rel at i onshi p Type field is not used by t he syst em when
delet ing relat ionships; all relat ionships bet ween t he specified
act ivit ies will be delet ed, regardless of relat ionship t ype.
6 Ent er t he Lag t i me, in whole working days, associat ed wit h
t he relat ionship t ype t o be added. The default is 0 days.
7 Click Appl y .
8 To add or delet e anot her relat ionship, click Add and repeat
t he process.
To add or del et e a const r uct i on r el at i onshi p:
Not e: Ent er eit her an engineering or a const ruct ion
predecessor, not bot h.
1 Right - click on Const r uct i on and click Edi t on t he pop- up
menu.
150 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

2 I n t he Add/ del et e l ogi c opt i on field, select + or t o
indicat e whet her you are adding or delet ing a relat ionship.
3 Select a successor const ruct ion act ivit y, or group of act ivit ies,
for which logic modificat ions are t o be made. This is done by
specifying all or part of t he Act ivit y Number.
The Act ivit y Number is broken up int o t he fields under
SUCCESSOR ACTI VI TY. Const ruct ion Act ivit y Numbers,
which are list ed in Appendix B, have 10 charact ers. I f you
want t o modify a group of act ivit ies, you can ent er wildcard
ast erisks in some fields. However, at least one of t he fields
must cont ain numbers.
o Ar ea number
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 151
The first and second charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number
indicat e t he Area number, 01 t hrough 90, or ot her proj ect -
level it ems, such as subst at ions, cont rol panel and power
t ransmission lines, which always use 91. I f act ivit ies from
all Areas are t o be select ed, ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
o I dent i f i cat i on number
The t hird t hrough fift h charact ers cont ain t he user-
specified reference number from t he specificat ions form for
equipment it ems and plant bulks. For subst at ions, t he
fourt h and fift h charact ers cont ain t he subst at ion reference
number ( 01- 99) specified by t he user or, if not specified,
t he Syst em default reference number of 00. I f all reference
numbers are t o be select ed, ent er t hree ast erisks ( * * * ) .
Not e: See Appendix D, page 727, for t he Equipment Code
definit ions.
o Equi pment t y pe
The sixt h and sevent h charact ers cont ain t he Equipment
Code. See Appendix D, page 727, for Equipment Code
definit ions. All ot her act ivit ies have a fixed ident ifier in
posit ions six and seven of t he act ivit y number, as list ed in
Act ivit y Numbering Convent ions t able on page 718. Ent er
t wo ast erisks ( * * ) if all Equipment Type numbers are t o be
select ed.
Not e: The const ruct ion act ivit ies are list ed in Appendix B by t he
last t hree charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number. These last t hree
charact ers form t he account group number and account code.
o Account gr oup number
The eight h charact er, t he account group number, refers t o
t he t ype of work performed in t he act ivit y. The account
group number combined wit h t he account code ( in t he field
below) , form t he t hree- charact er code by which t he
const ruct ion and sit e development act ivit ies are list ed
beginning on page 717 ( Appendix B) . I f all account group
numbers are t o be select ed, ent er an ast erisk ( * ) .
o Account code
Ent er t he nint h and t ent h charact ers of t he Act ivit y Code
for t he act ivit ies t o be select ed for modificat ion ( t hat is, ,
excluding t he first charact er, which is t he Account Group
number, above) . I f all Act ivit y Codes are t o be select ed,
ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
152 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
o Cont r act or number
The elevent h and t welft h charact ers are t he cont ract or
numbers. I f all cont ract ors are t o be select ed, ent er t wo
ast erisks ( * * ) .
4 You can select eit her an engineering or a const ruct ion
act ivit y, or group of act ivit ies, t o be added or delet ed as
predecessor( s) t o t he specified Successor. This is done by
ent ering all or part of an engineering or const ruct ion Act ivit y
Number.
5 I n t he Relationship type field, select t he specific t ype of logical
sequence t o use when adding relat ionships:
A Finish- t o- St art ( default )
S St art - t o- St art
F Finish- t o- Finish
Finish- t o- St art ( A) and St art - t o- St art ( S) relat ionships use t he
Predecessors work week t o calculat e calendar lag bet ween
act ivit ies.
Finish- t o- Finish ( F) relat ionships use t he successors work
week. The Relationship Type field is not used by t he syst em
when delet ing relat ionships; all relat ionships bet ween t he
specified act ivit ies will be delet ed, regardless of relat ionship
t ype.
6 Ent er t he Lag t i me, in whole working days, associat ed wit h
t he relat ionship t ype t o be added. The default is 0 days.
7 Click Appl y .
8 To add or delet e anot her relat ionship, click Add and repeat
t he process.
Act i v i t y Modi f i cat i on
The Act ivit y Modificat ion forms for engineering and const ruct ion
allow you t o modify t he coding of act ivit ies. Act ivit ies may be
combined wit hin a common act ivit y number or delet ed ent irely.
Act ivit ies can be combined by changing an act ivit y number t o
anot her exist ing number. Specify all or part of an exist ing
act ivit y number, t hen all or part of t he ot her act ivit y number
t hat will replace it . I carus Proj ect Scheduler ( I PS) will sort t he
act ivit ies int o numerical order, merging all ident ically numbered
act ivit ies, including t he craft resources.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 153
Act ivit ies can be delet ed by select ing an act ivit y and t hen
ent ering ast erisks inst ead of t he number of a modified act ivit y.
To modi f y engi neer i ng act i vi t i es:
1 Right - click on Engi neer i ng and click Edi t on t he pop- up
menu.

2 Select a source act ivit y. This is done by specifying all or part
of t he Engineering Act ivit y Number.
The part s of t he Engineering Act ivit y Number are broken up int o
t he fields under SOURCE ACTI VI TY. Engineering Act ivit y
Numbers, which are list ed in Appendix A, have 10 charact ers. I f
you want t o modify a group of act ivit ies, you can ent er
wildcard ast erisks in some fields. At least one of t he fields
( besides t he t wo preset fields) must cont ain numbers.
Not e: See Appendix A for a list of Engineering Act ivit y Numbers.
o Pr eset engi neer i ng f i el d 1
The first t hree charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number are fixed
and t he same for all act ivit ies. They are always 000 .
o Engi neer i ng phase
154 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
The fourt h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number indicat es t he
maj or engineering phase:
0 Basic engineering phase
1 Det ail engineering phase
2 Procurement phase
To select all phases, ent er an ast erisk ( * ) .
o Engi neer i ng cont r act or number
The fift h and sixt h charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number
indicat e t he engineering cont ract number. For fixed
proj ect - level act ivit ies, t hese charact ers will be 00 . The
engineering cont ract number is det ermined based on your
specificat ions for cont ract ors under Basis for Capit al Cost s
in t he Proj ect Basis ( see page 117) . I t must be a number
bet ween 01 and 40. I f all engineering cont ract or numbers
are t o be select ed, ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
o Account gr oup number
Ex cept i on: Where applicable, t he sevent h and nint h
charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number indicat e t he process
equipment class ( 01- 26) . Equipment classes are defined in
Appendix C, page 725.
The sevent h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number indicat es t he
account group number. I t is derived from t he first
charact er of t he Code of Account s.
0, 1, 2 Equipment or general
3 Piping
4 Civil
5 St eelwork
6 I nst rument at ion
7 Elect rical
8 I nsulat ion
9 Paint ing
I f all account groups are t o be select ed for modificat ion,
ent er one ast erisk ( * ) .
o Pr eset engi neer i ng f i el d 2
The eight h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number is fixed and
t he same for all act ivit ies. I t is always 0 .
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 155
o Sequence i n account gr oup number
The nint h and t ent h numbers provide sequent ial grouping
wit hin t he maj or hierarchy of t he first eight charact ers. I f
all numbers wit hin a sequence group are t o be select ed,
ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
Not e: where applicable, t he sevent h and nint h charact ers of
t he Act ivit y Number indicat e t he process equipment class
( 01- 26) . Equipment classes are defined in Appendix C, page
725.
3 I n t he fields under MODI FI ED ACTI VI TY, specify t he
changes t hat are t o be made t o t he source act ivit y.
4 Click Appl y .
5 To modify anot her act ivit y, click Add and repeat t he process.
To modi f y const r uct i on act i vi t i es:
1 Right - click on Const r uct i on and click Edi t on t he pop- up
menu.

2 Select a source act ivit y. This is done by specifying all or part
of t he Const ruct ion Act ivit y Number.
156 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
The Const ruct ion Act ivit y Number is broken up int o t he fields
under ACTI VI TY NUMBER. Const ruct ion Act ivit y Numbers,
which are list ed in Appendix B, have 10 charact ers. I f you
want t o modify a group of act ivit ies, you can ent er wildcard
ast erisks in some fields. However, at least one of t he fields
must cont ain numbers.
o Ar ea number
The first and second charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number
indicat e t he Area number, 01 t hrough 90, or ot her proj ect -
level it ems, such as subst at ions, cont rol panel and power
t ransmission lines, which always use 91. I f act ivit ies from
all Areas are t o be select ed, ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
o I dent i f i cat i on number
The t hird t hrough fift h charact ers cont ain t he user-
specified reference number from t he specificat ions form for
equipment it ems and plant bulks. For subst at ions, t he
fourt h and fift h charact ers cont ain t he subst at ion reference
number ( 01- 99) specified by t he user or, if not specified,
t he Syst em default reference number of 00. I f all reference
numbers are t o be select ed, ent er t hree ast erisks ( * * * ) .
Not e: See Appendix D, page 727, for t he Equipment Code
definit ions.
o Equi pment t y pe
The sixt h and sevent h charact ers cont ain t he Equipment
Code. See Appendix D, page 727, for Equipment Code
definit ions. All ot her act ivit ies have a fixed ident ifier in
posit ions six and seven of t he act ivit y number, as list ed in
Act ivit y Numbering Convent ions t able on page 718. Ent er
t wo ast erisks ( * * ) if all Equipment Type numbers are t o be
select ed.
Not e: The const ruct ion act ivit ies are list ed in Appendix B
by t he last t hree charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number. These
last t hree charact ers form t he account group number and
account code.
o Account gr oup number
The eight h charact er, t he account group number, refers t o
t he t ype of work performed in t he act ivit y. The account
group number combined wit h t he account code ( in t he field
below) , form t he t hree- charact er code by which t he
const ruct ion and sit e development act ivit ies are list ed
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 157
beginning on page 717 ( Appendix B) . I f all account group
numbers are t o be select ed, ent er an ast erisk ( * ) .
o Account code
Ent er t he t ent h and elevent h charact ers of t he Act ivit y
Code for t he act ivit ies t o be select ed for modificat ion ( t hat
is, , excluding t he first charact er, which is t he Account
Group number, above) . I f all Act ivit y Codes are t o be
select ed, ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
o Cont r act or number
The elevent h and t welft h charact ers are t he cont ract or
numbers. I f all cont ract ors are t o be select ed, ent er t wo
ast erisks ( * * ) .
3 I n t he fields under MODI FI ED ACTI VI TY, specify t he
changes t hat are t o be made t o t he source act ivit y.
4 Click Appl y .
5 To modify anot her act ivit y, click Add and repeat t he process.
Pr i maver a I nf or mat i on
To edi t Pr i maver a i nf or mat i on:
1 Right - click on Pr oj ect manager i nf or mat i on in t he
Pr i mav er a i nf or mat i on folder and click Edi t on t he pop- up
menu.

2 You can specify t he following informat ion:
o User name
o Passw or d
158 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
o Dat abase name
Name of Primavera dat abase where Aspen I PS dat a will be
loaded ( for example, pmdb) .
o Remot e or l ocal host ser ver
I ndicat es mode of operat ion, remot e server ( RMT) or local
machine ( LCL) .
o Ent er pr i se pr oj ect st r uct ur e I D
Proj ect st ruct ure I D for Primavera Ent erprise. I f not hing is
ent ered, t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect name
will be used.
o Ent er pr i se pr oj ect st r uct ur e name
Proj ect st ruct ure name for Primavera Ent erprise. I f not hing
is ent ered, t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect name
will be used.
o Ent er pr i se pr oj ect manager name
Name of manager ( OBS) responsible for Primavera
Ent erprise. I f not hing is ent ered, t he Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or proj ect name will be used.
o Ent er pr i se pr oj ect WBS name
Work Breakdown st ruct ure name for Primavera Ent erprise.
I f not hing is ent ered, t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
proj ect name will be used.
3 Click Appl y t o save changes.
Pr ocess Desi gn
Not e: Process Design specifications are only included in Aspen Capital
Cost Estimator if you are licensed to use Aspen Icarus Process Evaluator
(Aspen Process Economic Analyzer) or Aspen Decision Analyzer. If you
are licensed, you can select at startup to use Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer or Analyzer in the Aspen Capital Cost Estimator environment.
The Process Design specificat ions are used in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or proj ect s t hat cont ain a simulat or input . These specs
allow Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or t o map simulat or models int o
I carus proj ect component s. For example, a dist illat ion column
model in a simulat or may be mapped t o a combinat ion of
equipment such as a double diamet er t ower, an air- cooler ( for a
condenser) , a horizont al t ank ( for a reflux drum) , a general
service pump ( for a reflux pump) and a t hermosiphon reboiler.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 159
The Process Design Specificat ions indicat e t he default set t ings
t hat t he syst em uses for mapping all models of t he same class.
These specs can be cust omized in files and used in many
proj ect s.
Si mul at or Ty pe and Si mul at or Fi l e Name
Simulat or Type and Simulat or File Name are described under
Loading Simulat ion Dat a on page 239.
Si mul at or Uni t s of Measur e Mappi ng Specs
The Simulat or Unit s of Measure Mapping Specs are used in
mapping simulat or unit s t o Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or unit s,
serving as t he cross- reference. To access, right - click on
Si mul at or Uni t s of Measur e Mappi ng Specs in t he Proj ect
Basis views Process Design folder.

The Uni t s of Measur e Speci f i cat i on dialog box appears.
Not e: Each simulat or cross- reference UOM file cont ains a basis
( which may be METRI C or I - P) . The basis indicat es t he Aspen
Process Economic Analyzer base unit s set t o which simulat or
unit s will be convert ed.
160 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

The left side of t he screen displays t he simulat ion out put unit s.
The right side of t he screen displays t he corresponding Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or unit s. The conversion fact ors bet ween t he
t wo unit s are ent ered in t he lower- cent er sect ion of t he screen.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides a set of common
simulat or unit s and t heir conversions t o Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or unit s. You can modify and/ or add unit s t o t hese files.
Speci f y i ng t he Mappi ng f or a Si mul at or Uni t
To speci f y t he mappi ng f or a si mul at or uni t :
1 Select t he simulat ion unit from t he Unit s Used list in t he
Simulat ion Out put sect ion. I n t he example below, t he
simulat ion unit is CM/ HR ( Cent imet ers/ Hour) .
2 Select t he appropriat e unit s cat egory from Unit s Cat egory list
in t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or sect ion. I n t he example
below, t he unit s cat egory is Vel oci t y.
3 Select t he appropriat e Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or unit from
Unit s list in t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or sect ion. I n t he
example below, t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or unit is M/ H
( Met ers/ Hour) .
4 Ent er t he conversion fact or bet ween t he t wo unit s ( t he
simulat ion unit and t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or unit ) in
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 161
t he Conversion Fact or box. I n t he example below, t he
conversion fact or bet ween t he t wo unit s is 100 because:
100 CM/ HR = 1 M/ H
Not e: I f an equivalent Aspen Process Economic Analyzer unit is
not found, select Miscellaneous as t he Unit s Cat egory and map
t he simulat or unit t o Ot her in t he Unit s window.

5 Click Sav e t o save t he mapping. When a unit has been
mapped and saved, a green box appears next t o t he
simulat ion unit . A yellow box indicat es t he unit is not mapped.
Del et i ng a Mappi ng
To delet e a mapping, select t he simulat or unit and t hen click
Del et e.
Remov i ng a Uni t
To remove a part icular unit from t he simulat ion unit s list , first
select t he unit and t hen click Remove.
Addi ng a Uni t
To add a new unit t o t he list , ent er t he new unit symbol in t he
New Uni t s t o Add box in t he Simulat ion Out put sect ion and
click Add. Changes will not affect exist ing proj ect component s.
162 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Changi ng Ex i st i ng Component s
To change exist ing component s, you should unsize t he it em or
unmap t he it ems and t hen re- map and re- size.
Once all of t he unit s have been specified, click OK t o st ore and
save t he specificat ions.
I t is crit ical t hat all simulat or unit s of measure be mapped int o
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or unit s. When t he simulat or out put is
loaded, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or ident ifies all unit s of
measure in t he file. Any unit s not mapped in t he proj ect s
current simulat or cross- reference UOM specificat ion are
aut omat ically added t o t he list and you are alert ed t o t he need
t o define t he mapping and re- load t he file.
You must correct t his in order t o cont inue wit hout problems.
Complet e t he st eps above t o specify t he mapping for a simulat or
unit . Scroll t hrough t he Unit s Used list for any yellow- t agged
unit s. Map all t hese, save t he file, and re- load t he simulat or
dat a.
Pr oj ect Component Map Speci f i cat i ons
The Pr oj ect Component Map Speci f i cat i ons dialog box
cont ains a list of models for t he select ed simulat or and a list of
t he corresponding I carus proj ect component s t o which t he
simulat or models will map.
To access:
1 Right - click on Pr oj ect Component Map Speci f i cat i ons in
t he Proj ect Basis views Process Design folder.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 163

Models t hat are mapped in t he current file are marked wit h an
ast erisk ( * ) . I f no ast erisk is present , t hen t hat model will not
generat e any proj ect component s when loaded, mapped, and
sized.
3 Exclude simulat or models fr om t he mapping process by
select ing t he simulat or it em and t hen clicking Del et e Al l
Mappi ngs.
You can select a simulat or it em and review t he mapping( s) for
t hat it em. To change one of t he mappings, select an it em in t he
Current Map List , click Del et e One Mappi ng, and t hen creat e a
new mapping.
To creat e a new mapping, click New Mappi ng and t hen select
an appropriat e I carus proj ect component .
For simulat or column models, an addit ional specificat ion can be
made. Since a column may be mapped t o mult iple pieces of
equipment , Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or requires an
ident ificat ion for each of t hese mappings. Refer t o Mapping
Simulat or Models in Chapt er 4 for t ower/ column configurat ion
mapping ident ificat ions.
164 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Not e: You can select in Preferences t o have Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or map unsupport ed simulat or models ( t hat is, , models
not included in t he list of simulat or models on t he Pr oj ect
Component Map Speci f i cat i ons dialog box) t o quot ed cost
it ems. See page 54 for inst ruct ions.
Def aul t Si mul at or Mappi ng Specs
The following t ables list models t hat are mapped t o Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect component s. Models t hat are not
support ed can be mapped t o a quot ed it em if you mark Map
Unsupport ed Models To Quot ed Cost I t em in Preferences
( Process t ab) .
AspenTech s Aspen Pl us Map Specs
Model
Name
Model Descr i pt i on Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
Def aul t
CCD Count ercurrent decant er Rot ary drum filt er
CFUGE Cent rifuge filt er Cent rifuge SOLI D- BOWL
COMPR Compressor/ t urbine Cent rifugal gas compressor / Gas
t urbine wit h combust ion chamber
CRUSHER Solids crusher Jaw crusher
CYCLONE Solid- gas cyclone Cyclone Dust collect or
DECANTER Liquid- liquid decant er Vert ical vessel process
DI STL Short cut dist illat ion rat ing Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
DSTWU Short cut dist illat ion design Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
ESP Elect rost at ic precipit at or Low volt age elect rical precipit at or
FABFL Baghouse filt er Clot h bay baghouse
FI LTER Cont inuous rot ary vacuum Rot ary drum filt er
FLASH2 Two- out let flash Vert ical vessel process
FLASH3 Three- out let flash Vert ical vessel process
FSPLI T St ream split t er
HEATER Heat er/ cooler Float ing head heat exchanger
HEATX Two- st ream heat exchanger Float ing head heat exchanger
HYCYC Solid- liquid hydrocyclone Wat er only cyclones - mineral
PUMP Pump/ hydraulic t urbine Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age
pump
RADFRAC Rigorous fract ionat ion Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
( column)
Float ing head heat exchanger
( condenser )
U- t ube reboiler ( reboiler)
Horizont al drum ( accumulat or)
Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age
pump ( reflux pump)
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 165
PETROFAC Consist s of 42 configurat ions. I t
has been confirmed t hat t he
following can be mapped t o
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or:
PREFLI F- preflash block wit h
furnace, zero pumparounds and
zero sidest rippers.
CDUI OF crude block wit h
furnace, t hree pumparounds and
t hree sidest rippers.
CDU 3 vacuum block wit h t wo
pumparounds and t wo
sidest rippers.
Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
( column)
Float ing head heat exchanger
( condenser )
U- t ube reboiler ( reboiler)
Horizont al drum ( accumulat or)
Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age
pump ( reflux pump)
Furnace block

RBATCH Bat ch react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
RCSTR Cont inuous st irred t ank Agit at ed Tank enclosed, react or
j acket ed
REQUI L Equilibrium react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
RGI BBS Equilibrium react or- gibbs Agit at ed Tank enclosed, energy
j acket ed minimizat ion
RPLUG Plug- flow react or Single diamet er packed t ower
RSTOI C St oichiomet er react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
RYI ELD Yield react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
SCFRAC Short - cut dist illat ion Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
SCREEN Wet or dry screen separat or Vibrat ing syst em
SWASH Single- st age solids washer Rot ary drum filt er
VSCRUB Vent uri scrubber Washer dust collect or

AspenTech s Aspen Pl us Map Specs
Model
Name
Model Descr i pt i on Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or Def aul t
CCD Count ercurrent decant er Rot ary drum filt er
CFUGE Cent rifuge filt er Cent rifuge SOLI D- BOWL
COMPR Compressor/ t urbine Cent rifugal gas compressor / Gas
t urbine wit h combust ion chamber
CRUSHER Solids crusher Jaw crusher
CYCLONE Solid- gas cyclone Cyclone Dust collect or
DECANTER Liquid- liquid decant er Vert ical vessel process
DI STL Short cut dist illat ion rat ing Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
DSTWU Short cut dist illat ion design Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
ESP Elect rost at ic precipit at or Low volt age elect rical precipit at or
FABFL Baghouse filt er Clot h bay baghouse
FI LTER Cont inuous rot ary vacuum Rot ary drum filt er
FLASH2 Two- out let flash Vert ical vessel process
FLASH3 Three- out let flash Vert ical vessel process
FSPLI T St ream split t er
HEATER Heat er/ cooler Float ing head heat exchanger
166 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
HEATX Two- st ream heat exchanger Float ing head heat exchanger
HYCYC Solid- liquid hydrocyclone Wat er only cyclones - mineral
PUMP Pump/ hydraulic t urbine Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age
pump
RADFRAC Rigorous fract ionat ion Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
( column)
Float ing head heat exchanger
( condenser )
U- t ube reboiler ( reboiler)
Horizont al drum ( accumulat or)
Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age
pump ( reflux pump)
PETROFAC Consist s of 42 configurat ions. I t
has been confirmed t hat t he
following can be mapped t o
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or:
PREFLI F- preflash block wit h
furnace, zero pumparounds and
zero sidest rippers.
CDUI OF crude block wit h
furnace, t hree pumparounds and
t hree sidest rippers.
CDU 3 vacuum block wit h t wo
pumparounds and t wo
sidest rippers.
Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
( column)
Float ing head heat exchanger
( condenser )
U- t ube reboiler ( reboiler)
Horizont al drum ( accumulat or)
Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age
pump ( reflux pump)
Furnace block

RBATCH Bat ch react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
RCSTR Cont inuous st irred t ank Agit at ed Tank enclosed, react or
j acket ed
REQUI L Equilibrium react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
RGI BBS Equilibrium react or- gibbs Agit at ed Tank enclosed, energy
j acket ed minimizat ion
RPLUG Plug- flow react or Single diamet er packed t ower
RSTOI C St oichiomet er react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
RYI ELD Yield react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
SCFRAC Short - cut dist illat ion Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
SCREEN Wet or dry screen separat or Vibrat ing syst em
SWASH Single- st age solids washer Rot ary drum filt er
VSCRUB Vent uri scrubber Washer dust collect or

ChemCAD V Map Specs
Model Model Description Aspen Capital Cost Estimator Default
BAGH Baghouse filt er Clot h bay baghouse dust collect or
COMP Adiabat ic ( isent ropic) or
polyt opic Compression
Cent rifugal Axial Gas Compressor
CFUG Basket cent rifugal filt er At mospheric suspended basket cent rifuge
CRYS Cryst allizer or melt ing by
cooling/ heat ing
Bat ch vacuum cryst allizer
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 167
CSED Solid- wall basket cent rifuge
separat ing solids from liq
slurry
Solid bowl cent rifuge
CYCL Gas- solid cyclone separat or Cyclone dust collect or
DRYE Dryer Direct rot ary dryer
EREA Equilibrium react or Agit at ed t ank react or
ESPT Elect rost at ic precipit at or Low volt age elect rical precipit at or
FI RE Fired heat er Float ing head heat exchanger
FLAS Mult ipurpose flash Vert ical cylindrical vessel
FLTR Vacuum or const ant - pressure
filt er
Rot ary disk filt er
GI BS Gibbs react or Agit at ed t ank react or
HCYC Hydrocyclone Wat er cyclone ( separat ion equipment )
HTXR Heat exchanger Float ing head heat exchanger
KREA Kinet ic react or ( plug flow or
cont inuous st irred t ank
react ors)
Agit at ed t ank react or
LLVF Vapor/ liquid/ liquid flash Vert ical cylindrical vessel
MI XE St ream mixer ( flash
calculat ion at out put
pressure)
Vert ical cylindrical vessel
PUMP Liquid pump ( t o increase
pressure of liquid st ream)
Cent rifugal pump
REAC St oichiomet ric react or Agit at ed t ank react or
SCDS Simult aneous correct ion
rigorous fract ionat ion ( single
column)
Single diamet er t rayed t ower
Float ing head heat exchanger
( condenser )
U- t ube reboiler ( reboiler)
Horizont al drum ( accumulat or)
Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age pump
( reflux pump)
SCRE Screen Single deck rect angular vibrat ing screen
TOWR I nside/ out rigorous
fract ionat ion ( single column)
Single diamet er t rayed t ower
Float ing head heat exchanger
( condenser )
U- t ube reboiler ( reboiler)
Horizont al drum ( accumulat or)
Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age pump
( reflux pump)
WASH Washer Washer dust collect or

Hy si m Map Specs
Model Name Model Descr i pt i on Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or Def aul t
BAG FI LTER Baghouse filt er Dust collect or clot h bay
168 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
COLUMN Dist illat ion column Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
Float ing head heat exchanger ( condenser)
U- t ube reboiler ( reboiler)
Horizont al drum ( accumulat or)
Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age pump
( reflux pump)
COMPRESSOR Compressor Cent rifugal gas compressor
CSTR Cont inuous st irred-
t ank
Agit at ed Tank - enclosed, j acket ed
CYCLONE Gas- solid separat or Cyclone dust collect or
EXPANDER Expander Gas t urbine
FI LTER Rot ary drum filt er Rot ary drum filt er
HEATER Heat er/ cooler Float ing head heat exchanger
HEATEX Simple heat
exchanger
Float ing head heat exchanger
HYDROCYCLONE Solid- liquid
hydrocyclone
Wat er only cyclones - mineral separat ion
PI PI NG Pipeline
PLUG Plug- flow react or Single- diamet er packed t ower and ot hers
PUMP Pump Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age pump
RATEHEATEX Rigorous heat
exchanger
Float ing head heat exchanger
REQUI Equilibrium react or Agit at ed Tank - enclosed, j acket ed
RGI BBS Gibbs- ener gy react or Agit at ed Tank - enclosed, j acket ed
RSTOI C St oichiomet ric
react or
Agit at ed Tank - enclosed, j acket ed
SOLI DSEP Solids separat or Cyclone dust collect or

HYSYS Map Specs
Model Name Model Description Aspen Capital Cost Estimator Default
AI R COOLER Air cooler Air cooler, free- st anding or rack- mount ed.
BAG FI LTER Baghouse filt er Dust collect or clot h bay
COLUMN Dist illat ion column Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
COMPRESSOR Compressor Cent rifugal gas compressor
CSTR Cont inuous st irred-
t ank
Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
CYCLONE Gas- solid separat or Cyclone dust collect or
EXPANDER Expander Gas t urbine
FI LTER Rot ary drum filt er Rot ary drum filt er
HEATER Heat er/ Cooler Float ing head heat exchanger
HEATX Simple heat
exchanger
Float ing head heat exchanger
HYDROCYCLONE Solid- liquid
hydrocyclone
Wat er only cyclones mineral separat ion
PLUG Plug- flow react or Single- diamet er packed t ower and ot hers
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 169
PUMP Pump Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age pump
REQUI Equilibrium react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
RGI BBS Gibbs- ener gy react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
RSTOI C St oichiomet ric react or Agit at ed Tank enclosed, j acket ed
SOLI DSEP Solids separat or Cyclone dust collect or

Si mSci s Pr o/ I I Map Specs
Model Name Model Descr i pt i on Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
Def aul t
CENTRI FUGE Cent rifuge Solid bowl cent rifuge
COLUMN UNI TS Dist illat ion column

Single- diamet er t rayed t ower
Float ing head heat exchanger
( condenser )
U- t ube reboiler ( reboiler)
Horizont al drum ( accumulat or)
Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age
pump ( reflux pump)
COMPRESSOR Compressor Cent rifugal gas compressor
CRYSTAL Cryst alizer Oslo growt h t ype cryst alizer
CSTR Cont inuous st irred t ank Agit at ed Tank - enclosed, j acket ed
DECANTER Count ercurrent decant er Rot ary drum filt er
DEPRESSURE Non- st eady- st at e
depr essure
Vert ical vessel - process
DRYER Solids dryer At mospheric t ray dryer
EXPANDER Expander Gas t urbine
FLASH FLASH Vert ical vessel - process
HEATEX Simple heat exchanger Float ing head heat exchanger
PLUG Plug- flow react or Single diamet er packed t ower
PUMP Pump Cent rifugal single or mult i- st age
pump
REACTOR React or Agit at ed Tank - enclosed, j acket ed
RI GHTEX Rigorous heat exchanger Float ing head heat exchanger
ROTDRUM Rot ary drum filt er Rot ary drum filt er
SHORTCUT Dist illat ion column Single- diamet er t rayed t ower

Desi gn Cr i t er i a
Aft er t he simulat or model is loaded int o Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or, mapping and sizing of t he it ems can be performed. I f
an it em is already sized inside t he simulat or, t he sizing
paramet ers are aut omat ically brought int o Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or and used.
170 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
I t ems not sized by t he simulat or can be sized following t he
inst ruct ions in Chapt er 6. I n addit ion t o process informat ion
obt ained from t he simulat or, cert ain design specificat ions may
be required before sizing can be accomplished.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat ors Sizing Expert uses design values
based on t he user- defined field values on specificat ion forms in
t he Design Crit eria sub- folder. The values on t hese forms
provide t he basis for developing design specificat ions from
operat ing condit ions for all equipment t o be sized.

You can ent er design condit ions ( design pressure and
t emperat ure) for all equipment ( using t he Common form) and
also ent er design condit ions for t ypes of equipment . ( Condit ions
ent ered on t he equipment t ype forms override t hose on t he
Common form) .
Common
Design pressure and t emperat ure ent ered on t he Common
specificat ions form applies t o all equipment except equipment for
which you have separat ely specified t hese design condit ions.
Desi gn Pr essur e
Click on t he Desi gn Pr essur e field t o open t he Design
Pressure Specificat ions form. The specificat ions form let s you
specify rules for calculat ing t he design pressure based on t he
range in which t he operat ing pressure falls. The design
pressure is calculat ed from t he operat ing pressure using t he
formula shown on t he form. You can modify t he pressure limit
( upper and lower limit ) as well as paramet ers A and B.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 171

Not e: I n earlier versions of Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer, t he Desi gn Pr essur e Mul t i pl i er field was used.
This field has now been replaced by t he Design Pressure
Specificat ions form. I f proj ect s creat ed using t hese earlier
versions are opened, t hen t he paramet ers A and B are
aut omat ically adj ust ed based on t he mult iplier value
specified. This ensures t hat old proj ect s can be carried over
using t he same design crit eria.
Desi gn Temper at ur e
Click on t he Desi gn Temper at ur e field t o open t he Design
Temperat ure Specificat ions form. The specificat ions form let s
you specify rules for calculat ing t he design t emperat ure based
on t he range in which t he operat ing t emperat ure falls. The
design pressure is calculat ed from t he operat ing t emperat ure
using t he formula shown on t he form. You can modify t he
t emperat ure ranges ( upper and lower limit ) as well as
paramet ers A and B.

172 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Not e: I n earlier versions of Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer, t he Desi gn Temper at ur e - I ncr ease field was
used. This field has now been replaced by t he Design
Temperat ure Specificat ions form. I f proj ect s creat ed using
t hese earlier versions are opened, t hen t he paramet ers A
and B are aut omat ically adj ust ed based on t he mult iplier
value specified.
Pumps
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria for pumps:
Pump Over desi gn Fact or
The pump overdesign fact or is used by Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or t o increase t he volumet ric t hroughput of t he pump
and t he power requirement of t he pump. The t ot al volumet ric
flow rat e calculat ed from t he simulat or informat ion is
mult iplied by t he value provided in t his field t o est imat e t he
design flow rat e for t he equipment .
For example:
o Operat ion flow rat e: 250 GPM
o Pump overdesign fact or: 1. 1
o Calculat ed design capacit y: 250 X 1. 1 = 275 GPM
Compr essor s
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria for compressors:
Dr i v er Ty pe
Specifies t he driver t ype used for compressors. The default
value is None. The select ions are NONE, GAS ENGI NE,
MOTOR, TURBI NE.
Heat Ex changer s
Using TEAMS det ailed Heat Exchanger cost ing for I carus cost
est imat ion of TEAM Heat Exchangers.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 173
To use TEAMS f or heat ex change si zi ng:
1 I n your proj ect , add a TEMA shell and t ube heat exchanger t o
t he main area.
2 Ent er values t o all t he required fields ( boxes wit h red and
yellow highlight )
3 Ent er values for t he following Mat erial of Const ruct ion fields:
o Tube mat erial
o Shell mat erial
o Tube sheet mat erial
o Channel mat erial
4 Click t he arrow next t o t he Si ze but t on.

5 Click Launch TEAMS f or si zi ng.
The I carus window will be hidden and in a couple of seconds,
I carus proj ect evaluat ion dialog will appear
Aft er t he evaluat ion is over in a second or t wo - a message
box saying The TEAMS GUI w i l l now be l aunched appears.

6 Click OK t o launch t he TEAMS GUI .
174 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
The TEAMS GUI appears.

7 I n t he TEAMS GUI , specify t he det ails of t he heat exchanger.
8 When you have specified t he det ails of t he heat exchanger,
click Run | Run TEAMS | Cal cul at i ons + Cost Est i mat e.

A program st at us dialog box will pop up during t he TEAMS run.
9 Aft er TEAMS has finished calculat ions, close t he program
st at us dialog box.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 175
10 Close t he TEAMS GUI by clicking Fi l e | Cl ose.
Aft er t he TEAMS GUI closes, t he I carus window reappears.
11 Evaluat e t he heat exchanger t o import TEAMS design values
int o t he I carus it em report .
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria for heat exchangers:
Launch MUSE
MUSE performs det ailed simulat ion of mult i- st ream plat e- fin
heat exchangers made from brazed aluminum, st ainless st eel
or t it anium.
A valid MUSE version 3. 3 license is required t o use t his
feat ure.
Select Yes t o launch MUSE during int eract ive sizing of plat e
fin heat exchangers. Select No t o run MUSE in t he silent
mode.
Fur nace Fr act i onal Ef f i ci ency
The furnace dut y obt ained from t he simulat or is t he absorbed
dut y. Tot al fired dut y is obt ained by dividing t he absorbed
dut y by fract ional efficiency. This value should be < 1. 0.
Fuel Heat i ng Val ue
The Lower Heat ing Value ( LHV) used t o est imat e t he fuel
consumpt ion by fired furnaces.
Ai r Cool er I nl et Temper at ur e
This field represent s t he default value t hat shall be used as
t he inlet air t emperat ure in t he case of Air Coolers.
Ai r Cool er Ex i t Temper at ur e
Air Cooler Exit Temperat ure is used when est imat ing t he
surface area of air cooled heat exchangers. The value given in
t his field is used as t he exit t emperat ure for t he air cooler.
I f t he field is empt y or has value of 0. 0, t hen t he Sizing
Expert assigns t he exit air t emperat ure value t o be 10. 0 DEG
F great er t han t he inlet air t emperat ure.
For example, if t he Air Cooler I nlet Temperat ure is 77. 0 DEG
F and you do not ent er t he Air Cooler Exit Temperat ure,
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or uses 87. 0 DEG F as t he default
value.
Appl y 2/ 3 Rul e f or Desi gn Pr essur e
176 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
I n t he design of shell and t ube heat exchangers, design
engineers somet imes apply t he 2/ 3
rd
rule in calculat ing t he
design pressure. As per ASME heat exchanger code, if t he
design pressure of t he lower- pressure side ( eit her t ube or
shell) is at least 2/ 3rd t he design pressure on t he high-
pressure side, t hen overpressure in t he high- pressure side will
not result in rupt ure in t he lower- pressure side ( provided
relief devices have been properly sized) .
When specified, t he 2/ 3 rule will increase t he design pressure
of t he low pressure side t o at least 67% of t he design
pressure of t he high pressure side, even when t he operat ing
pressure on t he low pressure side could result in a lower
design pressure as per t he Desi gn Pr essur e field.
Heat Ex changer Ar ea Mi ni mum Ov er desi gn Fact or
The calculat ed heat t ransfer area is mult iplied by t he value
given in t he field.
The mechanical design is performed for t he final heat t ransfer
area.
For example:
o Calculat ed surface area = 1000 SF
o Heat Exchanger Area Minimum Overdesign Fact or = 1. 1
o Surface area used for mechanical design: 1000 X 1. 1 =
1100 SF
Not e t hat t he final surface area in general is great er t han t he
calculat ed value because of mechanical considerat ions.
Tow er s
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria on t he Towers form ( applies t o all
t owers) :
Bot t om Sump Hei ght ( For Tr ay ed and Pack ed Tow er s)
For bot h t rayed and packed t owers, ext ra height in addit ion t o
t hat required for separat ion is provided at t he bot t om for
liquid level and reboiler ret urn.
The value in t his field is added t o t he calculat ed height of t he
t ower.
R/ R- Mi ni mum ( For SHORTCUT model i n Pr o/ I I )
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 177
The SimSci simulat or short cut dist illat ion model calculat es t he
number of t heoret ical st ages required for different rat ios of
operat ing reflux rat io ( R) t o minimum reflux rat io ( R-
Minimum) .
The number of st ages should be available in t he simulat or
report for t he rat io chosen.
Vapor Di sengagement Hei ght ( For Tr ay ed and Pack ed
Tow er s)
For bot h t rayed and packed t owers, ext ra height in addit ion t o
t hat required for separat ion is provided at t he t op for vapor
disengagement before passing t o t he condenser.
The value in t his field is added t o t he calculat ed height of t he
t ower.
Pack ed Tow er s
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria for packed t owers:
Pack i ng Ty pe
Two t ypes of packings, random and st ruct ured, are used in packed t owers.
The t ype of packing affect s t he flood point pressure drop est imat ion and
t he packing efficiency ( HETP) value.
The value in t his field is used by t he Sizing Expert in t he calculat ion of t he
t ower diamet er and height .
Pack i ng Fact or f or Pack i ngs
Packing fact or is used in t he Kist er and Gill correlat ion t o est imat e
pressure drop at t he flood point . Once t he pressure drop is known, t he
flood velocit y is calculat ed using t he lat est versions of t he generalized
pressure drop correlat ion ( GPDC) chart s for bot h t he random and
st ruct ured packings.
Pack ed Tow er Der at i ng Fact or
Wit h cert ain syst ems, t radit ional flooding equat ions consist ent ly predict
higher flood point s t han t hose act ually experienced. To allow for such
discrepancies, an empirical derat ing fact or ( < 1. 0) is applied. The derat ing
fact or is mult iplied by t he predict ed flood vapor load or liquid load
obt ained from t he t radit ional equat ion t o obt ain t he act ual or derat ed flood
load for t he given syst em.
The derat ing fact ors are oft en vaguely relat ed t o t he foaming t endency of
t he syst em. The higher t he foaming t endency, t he lower t he derat ing
fact or.
I f you do not ent er a value, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or uses 1. 0 as t he
derat ing fact or.
Pack ed Tow er Fl oodi ng Fact or
178 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Packed t owers are usually designed for 70 t o 80 percent of t he flood point
velocit y. This allows a sufficient margin for uncert aint ies associat ed wit h
t he flood point concept and predict ion and t o keep t he design point away
from t he region at which efficiency rapidly diminishes ( j ust below t he flood
point ) .
The Sizing Expert uses t he default value specified if t he user- provided
value is not available.
HETP
The concept of HETP ( height equivalent of a t heoret ical plat e) enables
comparison of efficiency bet ween packed and plat e columns. Because
t here are only a few variables t hat significant ly affect HETP and due t o t he
unreliabilit y of even t he best mass t ransfer models, rules of t humb for
HETP successfully compet e wit h t he mass t ransfer models.
For t he packing t ypes available in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or ( given in
t he I carus Reference) , Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or est imat es t he HETP
value based on t he packing shape, dimensions and t ype of mat erial. I f a
user- provided value is available, t hen t he Sizing Expert uses t he value in
t he above field for calculat ing t he height of t he packed t ower.
Pack ed Sect i on Hei ght
The value represent s t he height of each packed sect ion and is used in t he
design of packed t owers t o est imat e t he number of packed sect ions.
Sur f ace Ar ea Per Uni t Vol ume
Higher specific surface areas ( surface area per unit volume) increases
vapor- liquid cont act area and t herefore, efficiency. For st ruct ured
packings, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or det ermines t his value empirically
and uses it in est imat ing HETP if you have not already specified an HETP
value.
A default value of 75 SF/ CF is used in t he absence of a user- ent ered
value.
Tr ay ed Tow er s
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria for t rayed t owers:
Tr ay ed Tow er Fl oodi ng Fact or
Flooding is t he condit ion where pressure drop across a t ray is sufficient t o
cause t he dynamic liquid head t o be equivalent t o t he t ray spacing plus
t he weir height . At t his point , t he liquid backup in t he downcomer is j ust
at t he point of overflowing t he weir on t he plat e above. When t his
happens, t he column fills wit h a foamy liquid and becomes inoperable.
The flood fact or is t he fract ional velocit y approach t o flooding, t hat is,,
( Act ual Vapor Velocit y) / ( Vapor velocit y at t he point of flooding) .
The Sizing Expert uses t he default value specified if t he user- provided
value is not available.
Foami ng Tendency
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 179
Vapor disengagement is easy in non- foaming, low- pressure syst ems.
However, vapor disengagement from downcomer liquid in foaming
syst ems is difficult as t he liquid hangs on t o t he ent rained vapor.
Sufficient residence t ime must be provided in t he downcomer t o allow
adequat e disengagement of vapor from t he descending liquid. I ndust rial
pract ice has creat ed a guideline for t he mum downcomer velocit y of clear
liquids based on t heir foaming t endency.
The following values for t he downcomer liquid velocit y are used based on
t he choice for t he above field.
Dow ncomer Li qui d Vel oci t y , ( FPS)
Tr ay Spaci ng, I NCHES
Foaming
Tendency
18 24 30
Low
0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Moderate 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 - 0.6
High 0.2 0.25 0.2 0.25 0.2 - 0.3
Wit h cert ain syst ems, t radit ional flooding equat ions consist ent ly predict
higher flood point s t han t hose act ually experienced. To allow for such
discrepancies, an empirical derat ing fact or ( < 1. 0) is applied. The derat ing
fact or is mult iplied by t he predict ed flood vapor load or liquid load
obt ained from t he t radit ional equat ion t o obt ain t he act ual or derat ed flood
load for t he given syst em.
The t rayed derat ing fact ors are oft en relat ed t o t he foaming t endency of
t he syst em. The higher t he foaming t endency, t he lower t he derat ing
fact or. I f t he user- specified value is not available, a derat ing fact or is
select ed based on t he value of foaming t endency.
The default value for foaming t endency is Moderat e.
Tr ay ed Tow er Der at i ng Fact or
Wit h cert ain syst ems, t radit ional flooding equat ions consist ent ly predict
higher flood point s t han t hose act ually experienced. To allow for such a
discrepancy, an empirical derat ing fact or ( < 1.0) is applied. The derat ing
fact or is mult iplied by t he predict ed flood vapor load or liquid load
obt ained from t he t radit ional equat ion t o obt ain t he act ual or derat ed flood
load for t he given syst em.
The derat ing fact ors are oft en vaguely relat ed t o t he foaming t endency of
t he syst em. The higher t he foaming t endency, t he lower t he derat ing
fact or.
I f t he user- provided value is not available, or t he value 0.0 is ent ered in
t he field, t hen t he derat ing fact or is select ed based on t he foaming
t endency of t he liquids in t he column.
Rel at i ve Vol at i l i t y of Key Component s
The number of t heoret ical st ages for a t rayed t ower is obt ained from t he
simulat or report . The act ual number of t rays is calculat ed by using t he
t ray efficiency value provided by t he user in t he design crit eria file.
However, if t he field is empt y or has a 0. 0 value, t he t ray efficiency for
t he separat ion is est imat ed by using t he correlat ion of relat ive volat ilit y of
180 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
key component s wit h t ray efficiency. The OConnell correlat ion is used t o
est imat e t he overall t ray efficiency.
Tr ay Ef f i ci ency
Overall column efficiency is defined by:
E_oc = N_t / N_a
where:
N_t = Number of t heoret ical st ages required for t he separat ion minus t he
sum of t heoret ical st ages provided by t he reboiler, condenser, and
int ermediat e heat exchangers.
N_a = Number of act ual t rays in t he column.
Several empirical correlat ions are available in t he lit erat ure. Also, rigorous
t heoret ical predict ions based on gas and liquid film resist ances are
available t o assist in predict ing t he t ray efficiency.
I f t he user specificat ion is not available for t he field, t hen t he value is
est imat ed using empirical correlat ions from t he lit erat ure.
Conf i gur at i ons Tow er s
Use t his form t o specify design crit eria for t ower configurat ions.
Vessel s
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria on t he Vessels form ( applies t o all
process vessels) :
Resi dence Ti me
The amount of liquid holdup in t he vessel is est imat ed by t he liquid
volumet ric flow t hrough a vessel in a specified amount of t ime. The vessel
volume divided by volumet ric flow rat e is defined as t he residence t ime for
t he vessel.
For example:
Liquid flow t hrough t he vessel: 100 CFM
Residence t ime: 5 MI N
Calculat ed liquid volume in t he vessel: 100 CFM X 5 = 500 CF.
Pr ocess Vessel Hei ght t o Di amet er Rat i o ( For Ver t i cal
and Hor i zont al Vessel Desi gn)
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or default s for t his field are used if t he field is
empt y or has t he value of 0. 0. The Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or default s
depend on t he operat ing condit ions for t he vessel. Based on t he operat ing
pressure of t he vessel obt ained from t he simulat or report , t he following
values are used:
Pressure (PSIA) Process Vessel Height to Diameter Ratio
0 250 3
250 500 4
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 181
> 500 5
For example:
Vessel operat ion pressure: < 250 PSI A
Diamet er: 6 FEET
Calculat ed vessel height : 6 X 3 = 18 FEET
Residence t ime overrides Process Vessel Height t o Diamet er Rat io.
Mi ni mum Vessel Di amet er
The Mi ni mum Vessel Di amet er field is used if t he vessel diamet er
calculat ed by t he sizing rout ines is less t han t his value.
Vapor / Li qui d Separ at or Si zi ng Met hod
When sizing vert ical and horizont al vapor liquid separat ors, Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or comput es t he maximum allowable vapor velocit y using t he
met hod select ed in t his field.
Liquid Ent rainment Met hod:
This is an empirical correlat ion developed by Wat kins and is a funct ion
of vapor and liquid densit ies, and t he paramet er Kv, which it self is a
polynomial funct ion of vapor and liquid flows and densit ies.
Part icle size separat ion met hod:
This met hod est imat es t he disengagement velocit y of t he liquid droplet
in t he cont inuous vapor phase. The design velocit y is det ermined as a
percent age of t he disengagement velocit y.
Aver age Li qui d Par t i cl e Di amet er ( For par t i cl e si ze
separ at i on met hod)
This field specifies t he default average liquid droplet diamet er. This value
is used in t he design of horizont al and vert ical vessels by t he part icle size
separat ion met hod ( which can be select ed in t he Vapor / Li qui d
Separ at or Si zi ng Met hod field right above t his field) .
Desi gn Fact or Mul t i pl i er f or Di sengagement Vel oci t y
( For par t i cl e si ze separ at i on met hod)
This field is used in t he calculat ion of t he maximum allowable design
velocit y, which is a percent age of t he disengagement velocit y.
For example:
Disengagement velocit y : 10 FEET/ SECOND
Design fact or mult iplier for disengagement velocit y: 0. 5
Maximum allowable design velocit y: 10 X 0. 5 = 5 FEET/ SECOND
Separ at i on Fact or ( For l i qui d ent r ai nment met hod)
I n t he liquid ent rainment met hod, t he separat ion fact or is used t o
det ermine t he maximum allowable vapor velocit y. The separat ion fact or is
eit her ent ered by t he user in t his field or comput ed by Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or using t he relat ion described in t he vessel sizing design
procedure.
182 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Agi t at ed Vessel s
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria for agit at ed vessels:
Agi t at or Ty pe
The various t ypes of agit at ors t hat can be chosen for design are described
in t he I carus Reference. The t ype of agit at or select ed det ermines t he
default driver power and impeller speed. This is used t o est imat e t he
agit at ion requirement s in t anks.
St or age Vessel s
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria for st orage vessels:
Number of Hol di ng Day s
St orage vessel sizing is det ermined by est imat ing t he volume of liquid
required for a cert ain period of operat ion. Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
uses t his field t o det ermine t he liquid volume st ored in t he vessel.
For example:
I nlet flow rat e: 500 CF per day.
Number of holding days: 30 ( specified by user) .
Liquid volume inside t he st orage vessel: 500 X 30 = 1, 500 CF.
Hol di ng Hour s i n a Day
St orage vessel sizing is det ermined by est imat ing t he volume of liquid
required for a cert ain period of operat ion. Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
uses t his field t o det ermine t he liquid volume required per day.
For example:
I nlet flow rat e: 500 CFH.
Holding Hours in a Day: 24 ( specified by user) .
Final volume per day : 500 X 24 = 12, 000 CF/ day.
St or age Vessel Hei ght t o Di amet er Rat i o
Once t he volume of t he st orage vessel is det ermined based on t he process
fluid flow rat e and design condit ions, t he act ual dimensions ( height and
diamet er) of t he equipment must be est imat ed. You can specify t he
dimensional requirement s of t he equipment using t his field.
A default is used if t he field is empt y or has value 0. 0. The default
depends on t he operat ing condit ions for t he vessel.
Vapor Fr ee Space ( % of Tot al St or age Vessel Vol ume)
A percent volume of t he sized vessel in excess of t he required liquid
volume.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 183
Hor i zont al Vessel s
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria for horizont al vessels:
Vapor Ar ea / Cr oss- Sect i onal Ar ea
Once Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or calculat es t he maximum vapor
velocit y, t he velocit y and flow rat e are used t o det ermine t he vapor space
required. The vapor space is t hen divided by t he vapor area / cross-
sect ional area t o get t he t ot al required cross- sect ional area.
The process vessel height t o diamet er rat io overrides t his field.
Separ at i on Fact or Mul t i pl i er
For horizont al vessels, t he separat ion fact or is normally higher under
similar operat ing condit ions t han for vert ical vessels. Therefore, t he
calculat ed separat ion fact or is mult iplied by t he separat ion fact or
mult iplier.
Mi ni mum Boot Lengt h
When horizont al vessels are used for t hree phase separat ions, t he heavy
second liquid phase is removed in t he drip leg sit uat ed at t he bot t om of
t he vessel.
Mi ni mum Boot Di amet er
This field represent s diamet er of t he boot leg which is designed t o remove
t he heavy second liquid.
Boot Leg Li qui d Vel oci t y
The boot leg cross- sect ional area is est imat ed using t he liquid velocit y field
specified in t his field and t he process vessel height t o diamet er rat io.
Ver t i cal Vessel s
I n addit ion t o ent ering design pressure and t emperat ure ( see
inst ruct ions under Common, page 170) , you can ent er t he
following design crit eria for vert ical vessels:
Mi ni mum Di sengagement Hei ght
This is t he height from t he liquid level t o t he mist eliminat or.
Mi ni mum Hei ght Above t he Mi st El i mi nat or
Used in t he calculat ion of t he t ot al vessel height .
Hei ght of Mi st El i mi nat or
Height of mist eliminat or sect ion.
Mi ni mum Ht . Bt w Low and Hi gh Li qui d Level Taps
The liquid level based on residence t ime should meet t his minimum
specificat ion. ( Field is at bot t om of form, not in Vert ical Vessels sect ion. )
Ht . Bt w I nl et Nozzl e and Hi gh Li qui d Level Tap
184 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Represent s t he height bet ween t he inlet nozzle ( cent er line) and t he high
liquid level t ap. ( Field is at bot t om of form, not in Vert ical Vessels
sect ion. )
Ht . Bt w Low Li qui d Level Tap and Tangent Li ne
Represent s t he height bet ween t he low liquid level t ap and t he t angent
line. ( Field is at bot t om of form, not in Vert ical Vessels sect ion. )
Mi scel l aneous
Vi br at i ng Scr een Feed Mat er i al
This field specifies t he solid mat erial t ype used by solids handling
equipment . The mat erial t ype affect s t he screen unit capacit y which is
defined as t he amount of solids ( TPH) flowing t hrough one square foot of
screen clot h based on mat erial, having 6 t o 8% moist ure, screen clot h
having 50% or more open area; 85% screen efficiency.
Based on t he choice made for t his field and t he screen opening size, t he
screen unit capacit y is est imat ed.
The following choices are available for t his field:
Sand and Gravel
Limest one/ Crushed St ones
Coal
Cinders
Coke
Wood
Cyclone I nlet Linear Velocit y
I n case of cyclones, t he sizing program assumes a default linear velocit y
of 150 FPS. You can ent er a different velocit y here.
Conf i gur at i ons Fl ash
Use this form to specify design criteria for flash configurations.
Ut i l i t y Speci f i cat i ons
Most chemical processes require heat ing or cooling process
ut ilit y fluids t o operat e. The choice of which ut ilit ies t o use oft en
plays an import ant role in det ermining t he t ot al proj ect cost ,
since t he ut ilit y t ype affect s heat t ransfer equipment sizing. I n
addit ion, ut ilit y cost s form an import ant part of t he operat ing
cost s of t he plant .
I n t he design of heat exchangers and reboilers, Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or permit s you t o select appropriat e process ut ilit y
fluids for t he applicat ion. You can select ut ilit y fluids from t hose
already available in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or or creat e your
own based on ut ilit y fluid classes allowed by Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or. Once t he ut ilit y resource for t he equipment is select ed
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 185
( eit her by you or t he Sizing Expert ) , Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or creat es a ut ilit y process st ream for t he equipment . The
ut ilit y st ream informat ion includes t he amount of ut ilit y used by
t he equipment . During t he operat ing cost evaluat ion, Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or processes all t he ut ilit y st reams
connect ed t o t he equipment t o det ermine t he ut ilit y cost for
every ut ilit y resource used in t he proj ect .
You can override t hese select ions by a combinat ion of
disabling/ enabling appropriat e ut ilit ies and re- mapping and
re- sizing t he equipment it ems. Alt ernat ely, you can specify t he
desired ut ilit y in t he int eract ive Sizing Expert . This met hod is
available even if t he ut ilit y has been disabled.
To modify or creat e a ut ilit y st ream:
1 Right - click on Ut i l i t y Speci f i cat i ons in t he Proj ect Basis
views Process Design folder, and t hen click Edi t on t he
pop- up menu.

The Dev el op Ut i l i t y Speci f i cat i ons dialog box appears.

186 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides 11 default ut ilit y st reams
resources:
Cooling Wat er
High Temp Heat ing Oil *
Low Temp Heat ing Oil * *
Refrigerant Et hane
Refrigerant - Et hylene
Refrigerant - Freon 12
Refrigerant - Propane
Refrigerant - Propylene
St eam @165 PSI
St eam @100 PSI
St eam @400 PSI
* High t emperat ure heat ing oil has t he propert ies of
DOWTHERM A.
* * Low t emperat ure heat ing oil has t he propert ies of
DOWTHERM E.
2 To modify an exist ing ut ilit y st ream, highlight it on t he Modify
Exist ing St ream list and click Modi f y .
To cr eat e a new ut i l i t y st r eam:
1 Click Cr eat e in t he Opt i on sect ion.
2 I n t he Cr eat e New Ut i l i t y St r eam sect ion, t ype t he name
and select one of t he following fluid classes:
High Temp Heat ing Oil *
Low Temp Heat ing Oil * *
Refrigerant Et hane
Refrigerant Et hylene
Refrigerant Freon 12
Refrigerant Propane
Refrigerant Propylene
Refrigerant 50 Ut ilit y
St eam
Wat er
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 187
* High t emperat ure heat ing oil has t he propert ies of
DOWTHERM A.
* * Low t emperat ure heat ing oil has t he propert ies of
DOWTHERM E.
3 Click Cr eat e.
4 Ent er or modify t he specificat ions on t he Ut i l i t y
Speci f i cat i ons form.

The form cont ains t he following fields:
Descr i pt i on:
Describes t he ut ilit y fluid resource in t he sizing report generat ed by
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. Also, t he field value is used t o represent
t he ut ilit y fluid usage and it s relat ed cost on t he Proj ect Summary
invest ment analysis spreadsheet ( PROJSUM. I CS) .
Fl ui d:
Det ermines t he t ype of ut ilit y fluid described by t he current
specificat ion. The fluid class is used t o det ermine t he heat t ransfer
coefficient , fouling t endency and relat ed t hermal and t ransport
propert ies used by Sizing Expert .
Desi gn Temper at ur e
Specifies t he t emperat ure, which will be considered in t he est imat ion
of t he design t emperat ure for t he process equipment carrying t he
ut ilit y fluid.
Desi gn Pr essur e:
Specifies t he pressure, which will be considered in t he est imat ion of
t he design pressure for t he process equipment carrying t he ut ilit y fluid.
I nl et t emper at ur e:
Provides t he inlet t emperat ure for t he ut ilit y fluid.
Ex i t t emper at ur e:
Provides t he exit t emperat ure condit ion for t he ut ilit y fluid.
Pr essur e:
Provides t he operat ing pressure for t he ut ilit y fluid.
Ener gy t r ansf er per uni t mass:
188 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Specifies t he amount of energy provided or removed by t he ut ilit y fluid
over t he specified t emperat ure range. The value in t his field is used t o
est imat e t he amount of ut ilit y required for t he given process
condit ions.
Uni t Cost :
Provides t he cost value used t o est imat e t he ut ilit y cost for t he proj ect .
Uni t Cost Uni t s:
Provides t he unit s for t he value provided in t he unit cost field.
When you specify a new ut ilit y fluid resource, all t he informat ion on
t he specificat ion form must be provided; ot herwise, t he Sizing Expert
will not be able t o use t he ut ilit y fluid resource properly.
Using t he ut ilit y specificat ion form, you can specify a maximum of 20
ut ilit y fluids.
I f different ut ilit y fluid resource was used by simulat ion, t hen it is
added t o t he ut ilit y resource in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
Ut i l i t y t y pe:
Describes t he usage of t he ut ilit y fluid. Select eit her Heat source or
Heat sink.
5 Click OK when done ent ering t he ut ilit y specificat ions.
I nvest ment Anal y si s
Not e: Investment Analysis specifications are only included in Aspen
Capital Cost Estimator if you are licensed to use Aspen Icarus Process
Evaluator (Aspen Process Economic Analyzer) or Aspen Decision
Analyzer. If you select at startup to use one of these in the Aspen Capital
Cost Estimator environment, the Investment Analysis specifications
appear in the Project Basis view.
I nv est ment Par amet er s
To specify paramet ers required for invest ment analysis:
1 Right - click on I nv est ment Par amet er s in t he Proj ect Basis
views I nvest ment Analysis folder.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Edi t .

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he I nvest ment
Paramet ers in t he Main Window.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 189

A descript ion of t he paramet ers follows.
Gener al I nv est ment Par amet er s
Per i od Descr i pt i on
This field let s you ent er t ext indicat ing t he name/ descript ion of a period.
The period is defined in Number of Weeks per Period. The period
descript ion is used in t he display of some of t he result s in t he
spreadsheet s.
Number of Week s per Per i od
The period used for invest ment analysis is defined in t erms of number of
weeks.
Number of Per i ods f or Anal y si s
The number of periods t o include in t he cashflow and ot her proj ect t ot als
and calculat ions.
Tax Rat e
190 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
The t ax rat e for invest ment analysis, in t erms of percent per period, is
used t o calculat e t he percent age of earnings before t axes t hat must be
paid t o t he government .
Desi r ed Rat e of Ret ur n
The desired rat e of ret urn, in percent per period, for t he invest ment .
Economi c Li f e of Pr oj ect
This field indicat es t he lengt h of t ime in t erms of periods over which
capit al cost s will be depreciat ed.
Sal vage Val ue ( Per cent of I ni t i al Capi t al Cost )
This number indicat es t he approximat e wort h of capit al cost s at t he end of
t he Economic Life of Proj ect . The number is expressed as a percent of
init ial capit al cost .
Depreciat ion Met hod
There are four depreciat ion met hods allowed in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or. The descript ion of each follows:
St r ai ght Li ne
The st raight line met hod is used most commonly. I n t his met hod, t he
Salvage Value is subt ract ed from t he Tot al Proj ect Cost . This result is
t hen divided by t he Economic Life of Proj ect , so t hat t he proj ect is
depreciat ed evenly over it s economic life.
Sum of t he Di gi t s
When t his met hod is used, t he Depreciat ion Expense decreases during
each period of t he Economic Life of Proj ect . Therefore, t he highest
value for t he depreciat ion occurs in t he first period and decreases
every period t hereaft er. The sum of t he digit s mult iplier is
n/ ( ( N( N+ 1) ) / 2) , where N is t he Economic amount is t he Tot al Proj ect
Cost less it s Salvage Value. For t he durat ion of t he proj ect s economic
life, t his fact or is mult iplied by t he depreciable amount .
Doubl e Decl i ni ng ( Bal ance)
When t his met hod is used, t he proj ect is depreciat ed in geomet ric
increment s. The mult iplier for t he first period is 2/ N, where N is t he
Economic Life of Proj ect . For t he second period t he depreciat ion rat e,
D2, is ( 1- D1) D1 where D1 is 2/ N. For t he t hird period, t he depreciat ion
rat e, D3, is ( 1- D1) D2. For t he fourt h period, t he depreciat ion rat e is
( 1- D1) D3. These fact ors are mult iplied by t he Tot al Proj ect Cost . This
process ( mult iplying t he fact or by t he capit al cost ) cont inues unt il t he
St raight Line Met hod produces a higher value for t he depreciat ion.
When t he St raight Line Met hod produces a higher value, t his higher
value is used for t he remaining depreciat ion calculat ions.
Accel er at ed Cost Recover y Sy st em ( ACRS)
The ACRS approach assumes t hat operat ions begin during t he second
half of t he first period and st op during t he first half of t he last period.
Therefore, as a result of t he t wo half- periods ( one at t he beginning
and one at t he end of t he operat ing cycle) , it t akes 6 periods t o
depreciat e a proj ect which has an Economic Life of 5 periods. The
ACRS adapt s t he Double Declining Balance Met hod t o t he half- life
syst em. The depreciat ion rat e for t he first period, D1, is 2/ N, where N
is t he Economic Life of Proj ect . However, t he half- life convent ion
reduces t his fact or t o 1/ N. For t he second period t he depreciat ion rat e,
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 191
D2, is D1( 1- 1/ N) . For t he t hird period t he depreciat ion rat e, D3, is
D1( 1- 1/ N- D2) . This process ( mult iplying t he fact or by t he Tot al Proj ect
Cost cont inues unt il t he St raight Line Met hod produces a higher value
for t he depreciat ion. When t he St raight Line Met hod produces a higher
value, t his higher value is used for t he remaining depreciat ion
calculat ions.
Escal at i on Par amet er s
Pr oj ect Capi t al Escal at i on
This number indicat es t he rat e at which proj ect capit al expenses may
increase expressed in percent per period. I f t he addit ion of Engineer-
Procure- Const ruct ( EPC) period and st art - up period is great er t han one
whole period, Proj ect Capit al Escalat ion is used t o escalat e t he capit al
expenses for periods beyond t he first period.
Pr oduct s Escal at i on
This is t he rat e at which t he sales revenue from product s of t he facilit y are
t o be escalat ed ( increased) in t erms of percent per period.
Raw Mat er i al Escal at i on
This is t he rat e at which t he raw mat erial cost s of t he facilit y are t o be
escalat ed ( increased) in t erms of percent per period.
Oper at i ng and Mai nt enance Labor Escal at i on
This is t he rat e at which t he operat ing and maint enance cost s of t he
facilit y are t o be escalat ed ( increased) in t erms of percent per period. The
operat ing labor cost s include operat ors per shift and supervisory cost s.
Ut i l i t i es Escal at i on
User- ent ered percent ages reflect ing t he ant icipat ed ut ilit y price increase
each period.
Pr oj ect Capi t al Par amet er
Wor k i ng Capi t al Per cent age
The working capit al expressed as a percent age of t ot al capit al expense per
period indicat es t he amount required t o operat e t he facilit y unt il t he
revenue from product sales is sufficient t o cover cost s. I t includes current
asset s such as cash, account s receivable and invent ories. When t he facilit y
st art s producing revenue, t his cost it em can be covered by t he product
sales.
Oper at i ng Cost s Par amet er s
Oper at i ng Suppl i es
This field indicat es t he cost of miscellaneous it ems t hat are required in
order t o run t he plant in t erms of cost per period.
Labor at or y Char ges
This is a cost per period indicat ing t he cost of having product analyzed
each period.
192 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Oper at i ng Char ges
This includes operat ing supplies and laborat ory charges. I t is specified as
a percent age of t he operat ing labor cost s. ( I f you specify a value for eit her
Operat ing Supplies or Laborat ory Charges , t he syst em will add t he t wo
ent ered values and calculat e t he percent age of Operat ing Labor Cost s.
( This is done for compat ibilit y wit h earlier releases of t he syst em. )
Pl ant Ov er head
This field consist s of charges during product ion for services, facilit ies,
payroll overhead, and so on This number is specified as a percent of
operat ing labor and maint enance cost s. This number should not be used
for t he const ruct ion of t he facilit y, only for operat ion aft er st art - up.
G and A Ex penses
This represent s general and administ rat ive cost s incurred during
product ion such as administ rat ive salaries/ expenses, R&D, product
dist ribut ion and sales cost s. Specify t his number as a percent age of
subt ot al operat ing cost s.
Faci l i t y Oper at i on Par amet er s
Faci l i t y Type
This field defines t he facilit y t ype. The following t ypes are current ly
available:
Chemical Processing Facilit y
Food Processing Facilit y
Oil Refining Facilit y
Pet rochemical Processing Facilit y
Pharmaceut ical Facilit y
Pulp and/ or Paper Processing Facilit y
Specialt y Chemical Processing Facilit y ( A specialt y chemical is defined
as a chemical which is produced in low quant it y and has a usually high
price per unit . )
The t ype of facilit y affect s t he number of operat ors/ shift and maint enance
cost s of facilit y equipment .
Oper at i ng Mode
This refers t o t he operat ing mode of t he facilit y. The available opt ions are:
Cont inuous Processing - 24 Hours/ Day
Cont inuous Processing - Less t han 24 Hours/ Day
Bat ch Processing - 24 Hours/ Day
Bat ch Processing - 1 Bat ch per Shift
Bat ch Processing - More t han 1 Bat ch per Shift
I nt ermit t ent Processing - 24 Hours/ Day
I nt ermit t ent Processing - Less t han 24 Hours/ Day
The operat ing mode of t he facilit y affect s t he number of operat ors/ shift
and maint enance cost s of facilit y equipment .
Lengt h of St ar t - up Per i od
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 193
Aft er t he facilit y has been const ruct ed ( t hat is,, gone t hrough engineering,
procurement and const ruct ion) , t he plant must go t hrough t he owners
st art - up period unt il it st art s producing t he product t o be sold. This period
is referred t o as Lengt h of St art - up Period in weeks and is added int o t he
EPC durat ion.
Oper at i ng Hour s per Per i od
This field refers t o t he number of hours per period t hat t he plant will be
operat ing.
Pr ocess Fl ui ds
Process Fluids indicat e t he t ypes of fluids involved in t he process. The
select ion affect s operat ing and maint enance cost s. The select ions are:
Liquids
Liquids and Gases
Liquids and Solids
Liquids, Gases, and Solids
Gases
Gases and Solids
Solids
Oper at i ng Uni t Cost s
To specify operat ing unit cost s, right - click on Oper at i ng Uni t
Cost s in t he Proj ect Basis views I nvest ment Analysis folder, and
t hen click Edi t on t he pop- up menu.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Operat ing Unit Cost s
in t he Main Window.

194 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
The Operat ing Unit Cost form specifies Labor Unit Cost s and non-
heat t ransfer Ut ilit y Unit Cost s.
Labor Unit Cost s are given for Operat ors and Supervisors. The
t ot al cost of operat ing labor is calculat ed by:
1 Det ermining t he t ot al number of operat ors and supervisors
necessary t o run t he facilit y for a cert ain number of hours.
2 Adj ust ing t hat number for t he number of hours t he facilit y
operat es per period.
3 Mult iplying t hat number by t he respect ive Labor Unit Cost s
and adding t hem t oget her.
Labor Uni t Cost s
Oper at or
The loaded wage rat e paid for operat ing t he facilit y in t erms of t he cost
per operat or per hour. Operat or labor includes labor t hat is associat ed
wit h operat ing t he facilit y.
Super vi sor
The loaded wage rat e paid for supervision in t erms of t he cost per
supervisor per hour. Supervision includes all labor associat ed wit h
overseeing personnel who operat e t he facilit y.
Ut i l i t y Uni t Cost s
The non- heat t ransfer ut ilit y unit cost s are also specified in t his file as
over t he fence cost s. Ut ilit ies used for process heat ing and cooling are
given in t he Ut ilit y Specificat ions File.
El ect r i ci t y
The unit cost per KWH of elect ricit y used for t he facilit y.
Pot abl e Wat er
The pot able wat er unit cost per MMGAL or MB used for t he plant .
Fuel
The fuel unit cost per MMBTH or MEGAWH used for t he plant .
I nst r ument Ai r
The inst rument air unit cost per KCF or MB.
Raw Mat er i al Speci f i cat i ons
An invest ment analysis conduct ed on any process needs t o
provide an accurat e figure for t ot al proj ect expendit ure. Since
operat ing cost s are usually a large part of t his cost , it is
import ant t o accurat ely account for all raw mat erials consumed
in t he process.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 195
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you ident ify simulat or st reams
as raw mat erials for t he process.
The raw mat erial cost s will be direct ly placed in t he
PROJSUM. I CS spreadsheet for use in cash flow analyses.
To devel op r aw mat er i al speci f i cat i ons:
1 Right - click on Raw Mat er i al Speci f i cat i ons in t he Proj ect
Basis views I nvest ment Analysis folder, and t hen click Edi t
on t he pop- up menu.

The Dev el op Raw Mat er i al Speci f i cat i ons dialog box appears.

2 I n t he Opt i on group, click Cr eat e.
3 I n t he Cr eat e New St r eam group, t ype a name for t he
st ream.
4 Select t he Basis ( Mass, Volume, or Energy) and t he Phase
( Solid, Liquid, or Gas) for t he st ream.
5 Click Cr eat e.
The Raw Mat erial Specificat ions dialog box appears.
196 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

6 The following input informat ion is required in order t o
est imat e t he raw mat erial cost s during t he evaluat ion of t he
operat ing cost s for t he proj ect : Pr ocess St r eam ( or none if
user- defined) ; Rat e ( do not specify a rat e if a process st ream
is select ed) ; and Cost Per Uni t .
I n addit ion t o t he above minimum informat ion, you have t o specify cert ain
field values for t he raw mat erial fluid program t o est imat e t he raw
mat erial rat e necessary for t he cost est imat e.
I f you specify none in t he Pr ocess St r eam field, t hen t he value for t he
Rat e field must be specified in t he appropriat e unit s. I f you specify a
process st ream, t hen t he program det ermines t he raw mat erial rat e in t he
desired Specificat ion Basis and unit s.
You can specify a maximum of 150 raw mat erial st reams.
The Raw Mat erial Specificat ions form cont ains t he following fields:
Descr i pt i on
The value you provide in t his field will be used t o describe t he raw
mat erial in t he Proj ect Summary invest ment analyses spreadsheet
( PROJSUM. I CS)
Speci f i cat i on Basi s
This field describes t he raw mat erial propert ies from t he following list :
Mass, Gas
Mass, Liquid
Mass, Solid
Volume, Gas
Volume, Liquid
Volume, Solid
Energy
Pr ocess St r eam
This field provides a list of fluid st reams present in t he current proj ect .
You can select any st ream t o represent t he raw mat erial. Also, t here is
a provision in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or for you t o provide act ual
value for t he raw mat erial rat e if none of t he process st reams
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 197
represent t he raw mat erials for t he proj ect . I n t his case, you must
specify t he field value as none.
Rat e
This field gives t he t ot al rat e of raw mat erials consumed for t he
process in t he desired rat e unit s.
When a new raw mat erial fluid is specified, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or checks whet her enough informat ion has been specified t o
est imat e t he raw mat erial cost .
Rat e Uni t s
This field describes t he flow rat e unit s for t he current raw mat erial. The
choices available for t he field vary wit h t he select ion made for
Specificat ion Basis and your choice of Base UOM:
Speci f i cat i on Basi s I - P METRI C
Mass, Gas LB/ H
KLB/ H
MLB/ H
TPH
KG/ H
MEGAG/ H
TON/ H


Mass, Liquid LB/ H
KLB/ H
MLB/ H
TPH
KG/ H
MEGAG/ H
TON/ H

Mass, Solid LB/ H
KLB/ H
MLB/ H
TPH
KG/ H
MEGAG/ H
TON/ H
Volume, Gas GPH
MMGAL/ H
CFH
KCFH
M3/ H
L/ S
Volume, Liquid GPH
MMGAL/ H
CFH
KCFH
M3/H
L/ S
Volume, Solid GPH
MMGAL/ H
CFH
KCFH
M3/ H
L/ S
Energy BTU/ H
MMBTU/ H
MEGAW
CAL/ H
W
KW
Uni t Cost
198 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
This field provides t he cost value per unit mass, volume or energy used t o
est imat e t he raw mat erial cost for t he proj ect .
7 When you are done ent ering raw mat erial specificat ions, click
OK.
The new st ream appears in t he Ex i st i ng St r eam list on t he Dev el op
Raw Mat er i al s Speci f i cat i ons dialog box. You can ent er a maximum of
150 raw mat erial st reams using t his dialog box. When done, click Cl ose.
Pr oduct Speci f i cat i ons
An invest ment analysis conduct ed on any process needs t o
include an accurat e figure for t he proj ect s t ot al revenue. I n
order t o do so, it is very import ant t o accurat ely account for all
t he product s obt ained from t he process.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you ident ify simulat ion st reams
as product mat erials for t he process. Once t he simulat ion st ream
is defined, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or det ermines t he
necessary amount of product mat erials generat ed based on t he
informat ion provided in t he product mat erial specificat ion file.
The product mat erial cost s are direct ly placed in t he
PROJSUM. I CS spreadsheet , where t hey are used for furt her
cashflow analyses.
To dev el op pr oduct speci f i cat i ons:
1 Right - click Pr oduct Speci f i cat i ons in t he Proj ect Basis
views I nvest ment Analysis folder, and t hen click Edi t on t he
pop- up menu.

The Dev el op Pr oduct Speci f i cat i ons dialog box appears.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 199

2 I n t he Opt i on group, click Cr eat e.
3 Ent er a new st ream name, select a basis and phase; t hen
click Cr eat e.
The Pr oduct Speci f i cat i ons dialog box appears.

4 The following input informat ion is needed for Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or t o est imat e t he product mat erial cost s during
t he evaluat ion of t he operat ing cost s for t he proj ect :
Descr i pt i on
The value specified in t his field is used t o describe t he product mat erial
fluid in t he invest ment analyses spreadsheet ( PROJSUM. I CS) .
Speci f i cat i on Basi s
This field describes t he product mat erial propert ies from t he following
list :
Mass, Gas
Mass, Liquid
Mass, Solid
200 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
Volume, Gas
Volume, Liquid
Volume, Solid
Energy
Pr ocess St r eam
This field provides a list of st reams present in t he current proj ect . You
can select any of t he st reams t o represent t he product mat erial. Also,
t here is a provision in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or for providing an
act ual value for t he product mat erial rat e if none of t he process
st reams represent t he product mat erials for t he proj ect . I n t his case,
you must specify t he field value as none.
Rat e
This field defines t he t ot al rat e of product mat erials obt ained for t he
process in t he desired rat e unit s. Do not ent er a value if you have
specified a process st ream.
When a new product mat erial is specified, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or checks whet her t he minimum informat ion necessary t o
est imat e t he product mat erial cost has been specified.
The following minimum informat ion must be present before Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or can proceed wit h t he est imat e.
Rat e Uni t s
This field describes t he flow rat e unit s for t he current product mat erial.
The choices available for t he field vary wit h t he select ion made for
Specificat ion Basis and your choice of Base UOM:
Speci f i cat i on Basi s I - P METRI C
Mass, Gas LB/ H
KLB/ H
MLB/ H
TPH
KG/ H
MEGAG/ H
TON/ H


Mass, Liquid LB/ H
KLB/ H
MLB/ H
TPH
KG/ H
MEGAG/ H
TON/ H

Mass, Solid LB/ H
KLB/ H
MLB/ H
TPH
KG/ H
MEGAG/ H
TON/ H
Volume, Gas GPH
MMGAL/ H
CFH
KCFH
M3/ H
L/ S
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 201
Speci f i cat i on Basi s I - P METRI C
Volume, Liquid GPH
MMGAL/ H
CFH
KCFH
M3/ H
L/ S
Volume, Solid GPH
MMGAL/ H
CFH
KCFH
M3/ H
L/ S
Energy BTU/ H
MMBTU/ H
MEGAW
CAL/ H
W
KW
Uni t Cost
The field provides t he cost value used t o est imat e t he product
mat erial cost for t he proj ect .
5 When you are done ent ering product specificat ions, click OK.
The new st ream appears in t he Ex i st i ng St r eam list on t he
Devel op Pr oduct Speci f i cat i ons dialog box. You can ent er a
maximum of 150 product mat erial st reams using t his dialog box.
When done, click Cl ose.
Devel opi ng St r eams
Aft er opening a proj ect , new st reams can be developed. You
have t he opt ion t o develop complet ely new st reams or use an
exist ing st ream as a base. When an exist ing st ream is used as a
base, t he new st ream can be eit her copied from t he exist ing
st ream ( Absolut e Basis mode) or copied from and linked
dynamically t o t he exist ing st ream ( Relat ive Basis mode) .
To develop st reams, right - click on St r eams in t he Proj ect Basis
views main folder ( at t he bot t om) , and t hen click Edi t on t he
pop- up menu.
202 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

The Devel op St r eams dialog box appears.

Vi ew i ng or Modi f y i ng an Ex i st i ng St r eam
To view or modify an exist ing st ream, select t he st ream on t he
Modi f y t ab view. You may need t o use t he scrollbar( s) t o locat e
a st ream if a large number of st reams exist in t he proj ect . Wit h
t he desired st ream highlight ed, click Modi f y t o have t he st ream
informat ion displayed in a specificat ions form.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 203

The funct ions of t he six but t ons on t he Develop St ream
specificat ions form are explained below:
Cl i ck To do t hi s:
OK Perform a check on t he informat ion current ly present in t he Develop
St ream specificat ions form t o ensure t hat all informat ion needed t o
specify t he st ream is complet ed. Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or generat es
error messages indicat ing missing dat a.
Generat e est imat es for any specificat ions not ent ered.
Save t he informat ion in t he Develop St ream specificat ions form. The
Develop St ream specificat ions form closes and t he Devel op St r eams
dialog box re- appears.
Appl y Same as clicking OK, but does not exit t he Develop St ream specificat ions
form. This let s you review t he est imat es and revise t he dat a.
Updat e Same as clicking Appl y , except t hat if t he Primary Fluid Component , t he
Temper at ure, and/ or t he Pressure wer e changed, t hen all t he physical
propert ies of t he st ream will be est imat ed using t hese new values.
Cancel Exit t he Develop St ream specificat ions form wit hout making checks and
does not save or change any informat ion in t he dat abase.
Reset Reset t he informat ion in t he Devel op St r eam specificat ions form t o t he
values previously saved int o t he dat abase. Any changes have been made
since opening t he form will be lost .
Mi x t ur e Define a st ream as a mixt ure. Opens t he Mi x t ur e I nf or mat i on dialog
box discussed below.
Most Develop St ream specificat ions need no furt her explanat ion.
Those t hat do are described below.
Pr i mar y Fl ui d Component
One of t he most import ant specificat ions in t his form is Primary Fluid
Component , which is classifies t he chemical component s of a st ream. The
204 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
fluid select ed here is used as t he basis for any propert ies t hat are
unavailable and need t o be est imat ed t o complet e t he specificat ions for
t he st ream. The available general fluid classificat ions are:
y Alcohol y Medium Hydrocarbon Liquid
y Aromat ic Liquid y Miscellaneous I norganic Liquid
y Halogenat ed Gas y Miscellaneous Organic Gas
y Heavy Hydrocarbon Liquid y Organic Acid
y Hydrocarbon Gas y Very Heavy Hydrocarbon Liquid
y I norganic Gas y Solid
y Light Hydrocarbon Liquid
The following pure component s are also available for select ion as t he
Primary Fluid Component of a st ream:
y Acetic Acid y Glycerol y Phosphoric Acid
y Ammonia y Hydrogen y Propane
y Argon y Isopropyl Alcohol y Propanol
y Carbon Monoxide y Methane y Propylene
y Carbon Dioxide y Methanol y Steam
y Ethane y N-Butanol y Sulfuric Acid
y Ethanol y Nitric Acid y Toluene
y Ethyl Benzene y Nitrogen y Water
y Ethylene y Oxygen
I f t he Primary Fluid Component is specified, t he ot her needed informat ion
will be filled in wit h default values. This feat ure is only apparent when no
t emperat ure or pressure is ent ered int o t he Develop St ream specificat ions
form and t he Primary Fluid Component is changed. Aft er changing t he
Primary Fluid Component , eit her press Ent er or click on anot her field and
t he default values will be loaded. I f eit her t he pressure or t emperat ure
value is changed from t he default value, clicking OK , Appl y , or Updat e
will est imat e t he propert ies at t he new condit ion( s) .
Base St r eam
The Base St r eam field cont ains t he name of t he st ream on which t he
displayed st ream was based. This cannot be changed.
I f t he name begins wit h t he charact er $ , t he st ream was creat ed using
Absolut e Basis and t he st ream name following t his charact er is t hat of t he
parent st ream. A st ream creat ed using Absolut e Basis uses t he dat a from
t he parent st ream; however, if t he parent st eams dat a changes
aft erward, t he Absolut e Basis st ream is not updat ed.
I f t he value begins wit h t he charact er @ , t he st ream was creat ed using
t he Relat ive Basis and t he st ream name following t his charact er is t hat of
t he parent st ream. A st ream creat ed using Relat ive Basis is updat ed when
it s parent st reams dat a changes.
Descr i pt i on
Select informat ion from t he menu t o describe t he part icular st ream. For
example, you can indicat e t he source component of t he st ream ( for
example, From Pump P- 103) or t ag it wit h one of t he available ut ilit y
st ream names.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 205
Mass Fl ow
The Mass Fl ow fields are used t o det ermine t he phase of t he st ream. For
inst ance, if t he st ream has only Liquid Mass Flow specified, t he st ream is
t ot ally liquid; t herefore, it will have no vapor propert ies est imat ed for it .
The reverse is t rue for a case wit h only a Vapor Mass Flow specified. For
cases wit h bot h t ypes of flow, all propert ies will be est imat ed and t he
Primary Fluid Component will belong t o t he phase of t he largest mass
flow.
Not e: Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or aut omat ically calculat es
Tot al Mass Flow from t he individual mass flow values.
Densi t y
The Densi t y fields are required informat ion. Thus, if a part icular phase
has a mass flow rat e specified, t hen t he corresponding densit y must also
be specified. Clicking Updat e will est imat e any required Densi t y fields
based on t he flow rat e, except in t he case of Sol i d Mass Densi t y . I t is
recommended t hat you ent er a Liquid Mass Densit y if one is available.
Mi x t ur e Specs Di al og Box
Clicking Mi x t ur e on t he Develop St ream specificat ions form
accesses t he Mi x t ur e Specs dialog box.
Not e: Aft er you click Appl y , Aspen Process Economic Analyzer
normalizes t he Fract ion values t o t ot al a sum of one.
The values shown t o t he right would change int o t he values
shown on t he next page.

The mixt ure informat ion specified in t his dialog box is used t o
est imat e propert ies as a mixt ure of t he specified composit ion. I f
no mixt ure informat ion is present , t he st ream is assumed t o be
pure Primary Fluid Component . The fract ion informat ion can be
206 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
ent ered on eit her a Mass or Mole Fract ion Basis, as specified in
t he Fract ion Basis sect ion.
The Cancel and Reset but t ons behave in a similar manner as
t heir respect ive but t ons on t he Develop St ream specificat ions
form.
The OK and Appl y but t ons also behave in a similar manner as
t heir respect ive but t ons on t he Develop St ream specificat ions
form, except t he checking is different . Here, a check is made t o
ensure t hat t he fract ions have a t ot al sum of one. I f not , t he
values are normalized t o give a t ot al sum of one, as indicat ed
below.

The check also combines duplicat e ent ries int o one ent ry by
combining t he t wo fract ion specificat ions.
Aft er t he check is done, t he component s are sort ed in order of
decreasing fract ional amount , as shown above. When you click
OK, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or loads int o t he specificat ions
form t he name of t he fluid wit h t he highest fract ion and t he
propert ies of t he mixt ure generat ed from t he cont ribut ions of t he
individual component s.
Est i mat i on of Ut i l i t y Usage and Resul t i ng
Cost s i n Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
Ut ilit y usage est imat ion is based on t he st ream informat ion. All
t he st reams t hat are present in t he proj ect are t aken int o
considerat ion for t he est imat ion of t he ut ilit y usage for t he
proj ect . This includes all ut ilit y st reams, user- defined st reams,
simulat or st reams, and pre- map St reams. The Descr i pt i on field
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 207
on t he Develop St ream spreadsheet can be used t o designat e
st reams as ut ilit ies. I f t he Descr i pt i on field for a st ream exact ly
mat ches ( exact t ext charact ers and spaces) t he Descr i pt i on
field for any ut ilit y resource as given on t he Ut ilit y Specificat ions
spreadsheet , t hen t hat st ream is included in t he ut ilit y usage
calculat ion. I f you change t he descript ion of any of t he simulat or
or pre- map st reams, t hen t he new descript ion you provided is
used for t his calculat ion.
Also, st ream connect ivit y informat ion is used t o ident ify t he
nat ure of t he st ream. I f t he st ream is being generat ed t hen it is
considered t o be revenue for t he proj ect , and if it is being
consumed it is considered an expense. ( Not e: St reams t hat are
connect ed at bot h ends t o process equipment s are ignored in
est imat ing t he ut ilit y usage cost s. Also, ut ilit y st reams t hat have
a zero unit cost do not show up in t he final report . )
User- defined st reams t hat are not connect ed t o any equipment
( do not show up in t he PFD) are considered as input st reams,
t hat is, , consumpt ion.
Syst em- generat ed ut ilit y st reams are included in t he ut ilit y
usage calculat ion as long as t hey are connect ed t o equipment . A
case where t hey would be disconnect ed would be if you manually
disconnect t hese st reams or if t he equipment t o which t hese
st reams are connect ed is delet ed.
St r eam Connect i v i t y
Process st reams are connect ed t o proj ect component s in a real
way. You can see t his in t he Process Flow Diagram ( PFD) , which
you can display aft er loading and mapping simulat or blocks.
Each st ream has a Source end and a Sink end. The Source end
connect s t o an Out let port on a component and t he Sink end t o
an I nlet as depict ed below:

208 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

I n t he PFD view, when you Edi t Connect i v i t y ( see page 274)
for t he Si nk end of a st ream and move t he cursor over a
component , only I nlet port ( s) t urn green, t hereby indicat ing
t heir availabilit y for making a connect ion t o a Sink end.
The same concept also carries int o t he I nt er act i ve Si zi ng form
( see page 328) . Only st reams whose Si nk ends are not
connect ed are list ed in t he pulldown for any I nlet . This explains
why t he I nl et and Out l et pulldowns will include different
st reams.
Since t he connect ivit y in t he PFD and t he I nt er act i ve Si zi ng
form are t wo ways of looking at t he same informat ion, Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or t racks your changes and synchronizes
t hem in bot h views. Thus, if you change t he connect ivit y in one
view, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or aut omat ically changes it in
t he ot her view.
When you first map and size component s, t he st reams in t he
simulat or will be connect ed t o t he proj ect component s and t he
underlying process condit ions of t hose st reams are available for
furt her use. For example, you may creat e new st reams based on
t he propert ies of any st ream, connect ed or not , t hen use t hese
new st reams as Sources/ Sinks for connect ing new component s
( you might do t his t o set up spares) . You may also add a New
Mapping t o an it em already mapped and t he newly mapped and
sized it em ut ilizes t he underlying st ream propert ies.
Cr eat i ng A New St r eam
St reams can be creat ed from scrat ch or by using a base st ream.
To cr eat e a st r eam f r om scr at ch:
1 Go t o t he Cr eat e t ab view on t he Devel op St r eams dialog
box. Wit hout select ing a st ream from t he Base St r eams list ,
click Cr eat e. ( The Basis select ion will not mat t er. )
The Cr eat e St r eam dialog box appears.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 209

2 Ent er a name for t he new st ream in t he Cr eat e St r eam
dialog box. This name must not be t he same as any exist ing
st reams in t he proj ect . Click OK.
The Devel op St r eam specificat ions form appears.
Not e: See page 203 for descript ions of t he but t ons and fields on
t his form.

3 Type values for t he new st ream. See page 203 for
descript ions of t he different fields. When done, click OK.
To cr eat e a st r eam based on an ex i st i ng st r eam:
1 On t he Cr eat e t ab view on t he Dev el op St r eams dialog box,
click t he st ream t o be used as t he base.
210 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

2 Select t he Basi s mode.
o I f t he Basi s mode is Rel at i v e, t he dat a from t he
t wo st reams will be linked so t hat when t he base
st ream is changed t he new st ream will inherit t hese
changes.
o I f t he Basi s mode is Absol ut e, t he dat a from t he
base st ream is copied t o t he new st ream at t he t ime
t he new st ream is creat ed. Changes in a base st ream
will not affect a new st ream creat ed via Absol ut e
basis.
3 Click Cr eat e.
The Cr eat e St r eam dialog box appears.

4 On t he Cr eat e St r eam dialog box St ream Name field, t ype a
name for t he new st ream. This name must not be t he same
as any exist ing st reams in t he proj ect .
5 Click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he specificat ions form for
t he newly creat ed st ream. The dat a is t hat of t he Base St ream.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 211
Dat a appears gray ( dimmed) t o indicat e t hat it is relat ive t o a
referenced Base St ream.
Not e: See page 203 and 203 for descript ions of t he but t ons and
fields on t his form.

Even in a Relat ive St ream, you can override any value wit h a
manual ent ry. I f you do so, t he t ext t urns black, indicat ing t hat
t hat value is absol ut e and t herefore no longer references a Base
St ream.
6 Make modificat ions t o t he dat a; t hen click OK.
Del et i ng a St r eam
To del et e a st r eam:
1 On t he Del et e t ab view, click t he st ream t o be delet ed. You
may need t o use t he scrollbars t o locat e a st ream if a large
number of st reams exist in t he current ly opened proj ect .
Not e: Only user- added st reams and st reams added by t he
Sizing Expert as ut ilit ies can be delet ed.
212 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

2 Click Del et e.
A dialog box will appear asking for confirmat ion of t he delet e
act ion.
3 Click OK t o delet e t he st ream.
or
Click Cancel t o ret ain t he st ream.
Speci f i cat i on Li br ar i es
The default specificat ions are derived from files t hat you can
access, when out side of a proj ect , from t he Palet t es Li br ar i es
view.

When you creat e a proj ect scenario, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or select s t he specificat ion files t o use based upon t he
select ed unit s of measure basis. However, you can right - click on
any of t he Proj ect Basis specificat ion t hat have corresponding
libraries in t he Palet t e, click Sel ect on t he pop- up menu, and
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 213
select a different file from which t o derive t he default
specificat ions.
Cust omi zi ng Speci f i cat i on Li br ar i es
When no proj ect is open, you can creat e your own specificat ion
files or edit exist ing files. Then, when in a proj ect , you can select
your specificat ion files. For example, if you frequent ly creat ed
proj ect scenarios t hat used t he same design basis, you could
creat e a Basi s f or Capi t al Cost s specificat ion file wit h t hose
design basis specificat ions. Then you could j ust select t his file,
inst ead of ent ering t he specificat ions every t ime.
I f, aft er making modificat ions t o your libraries, you wish t o
revert t o t he original libraries, you can copy or import t he copy
of t he inst alled libraries provided in t he following folder:
\ AspenTech\ Economic Evaluat ion V7. 1\ Program\ Sys\ Libraries
Cr eat i ng a Fi l e
To cr eat e a speci f i cat i on f i l e:
1 Wit h no proj ect open, go t o t he Li br ar i es t ab view in t he
Palet t e, and expand t he desired specificat ion cat egory.
2 Except for Code of Account s, right - click on t he unit s of
measure basis folder I nch- Pound or Met r i c. For Code of
Account s, right - click on t he Code of Account s folder.
3 On t he menu t hat appears, click New .

The New [ Speci f i cat i on Cat egor y ] dialog box appears.
214 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s

3 Type a file name and, if desired, a file descript ion.
4 Click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or creat es t he file and displays t he
specificat ions in a separat e window.
5 Edit t he specificat ions j ust as in a proj ect .
6 When you are done, close t he speci f i cat i ons window. I f a
library file is open, you cannot access anot her library file or
open a proj ect .
See page 217 for inst ruct ions on select ing t he newly creat ed file
for use in a proj ect .
Modi f y i ng a Fi l e
To modi f y an ex i st i ng speci f i cat i on f i l e:
1 I n t he Palet t e ( Li br ar i es view) , right - click t he specificat ion
file.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Modi f y .

2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 215
I mpor t i ng a Fi l e
You can import specificat ion files from elsewhere on your
comput er or net work.
To i mpor t a f i l e:
1 I n t he Palet t e ( Li br ar i es view) , expand t he library t o which
you wish t o import a file.
2 Except for Code of Account s, right - click on t he unit s of
measure basis folder I nch- Pound or Met r i c. For Code of
Account s, right - click on t he Code of Account s folder.
3 On t he menu t hat appears, click I mpor t .

4 I n t he Sel ect a Fi l e f or I mpor t dialog box, locat e t he file
and t hen click Open.

The file is copied t o t he appropriat e sub- folder.
Dupl i cat i ng a Fi l e
To dupl i cat e a f i l e:
216 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
1 I n t he Palet t e ( Li br ar i es view) , right - click on t he file you
want t o duplicat e.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Dupl i cat e.

3 Type a file name and descript ion ( opt ional) for t he new file.

3 Click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or creat es t he file and displays t he
specificat ions in a separat e window.
4 Edit t he specificat ions j ust as in a proj ect .
5 When you are done, close t he specificat ions window. I f a
library file is open, you cannot access anot her library file or
open a proj ect .
See below for inst ruct ions on select ing t he newly creat ed file for
use in a proj ect .
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 217
Del et i ng a Fi l e
To del et e a speci f i cat i on f i l e:
I n t he Palet t e ( Li br ar i es view) , right - click on t he file t o be
delet ed, and t hen click Del et e on t he pop- up menu.
Not e: You cannot delet e files named Def aul t , only modify
t hem.
Sel ect i ng Speci f i cat i on Fi l e f or Use i n a
Pr oj ect
Aft er creat ing a new specificat ion file, you st ill need t o select it in
Proj ect Explorer for Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or t o use it s
specificat ions.
To sel ect a speci f i cat i on f i l e:
1 Open t he proj ect scenario in which you wish t o use t he file.
2 I n Proj ect Explorer ( Pr oj ect Basi s view) , right - click on t he
appropriat e specificat ion cat egory.
3 On t he menu t hat appears, click Sel ect .

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays a dialog box list ing t he
files available for t he select ed cat egory.

218 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
4 Select a new file from which t o derive default specificat ions;
t hen click OK.
Changi ng Fi l e Di r ect or y Locat i on
I f you decide t o st ore specificat ion library files in a direct ory
ot her t han t he default , move t he default files t o t he new locat ion
and recreat e t he same sub- folder arrangement . Ot herwise,
I carus will generat e an error when you point t o t he new locat ion.
I nst r ument Fi el d Hook - Up
Cust omi zat i on
When you include a component wit h an inst rument at ion loop in
your proj ect , Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or account s for
inst rument field hook- up in t he proj ect s direct cost s and
includes t he part s for t he inst rument field hook- up on t he Di r ect
Cost s Ov er al l I nst al l at i on Det ai l s report .

The default s are det ailed in t wo ASCI I files:
Sample_I nasmbly.dat
Sample_I npart s. dat
These t wo files are st ored in t he User Dat a folder.
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 219
To cust omi ze t he i nst r ument f i el d hook - ups:
1 Open and modify t hese files in Wordpad or any ot her ASCI I
t ext edit or.
2 Save t he files as I nasmbl y . dat and I npar t s.dat .
The Sampl e_I nasmbl y .dat file is shown below.

There are ext ensive inst ruct ions for use provided t oward t he t op
of t he scrollable document . Be sure t o read t hese carefully
before modifying. The edit or must not int roduce non- print ing
charact ers ot her t han a space or CR/ LF, t hat is, , no t abs are
allowed.
The field hook- up assembly dat a is organized int o t he following
columns:
LOOP SYMBOL: Symbol t hat describes t he sensor loop.
DESCRI PTI ON: Place for comment s; does not affect usage.
PART NO.: A reference t o t he part number in I npart s. dat file
for t he part used in t his assembly.
QTY: Quant it y of t his part t o include in t his assembly.
FG: Flag identifying this part as Piping or
Instrumentation. The Piping parts are drawn from items
in Inparts.dat with IDs of 1,000 or less. Their
material of construction matches the material on the
process side (component or pipe). These parts are the
220 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
ones eliminated when you turn off the process
connection when defining modifications to a loop. The
Instrumentation parts are drawn from the remaining
items in Inparts.dat, which includes specifications
for their materials of construction.
Not e: When you creat e/ edit an I nAsmbl y .Dat file, and you are
specifying a loop, you have t he opt ion t o set t he FLAG column
field t o A inst ead of t he default which is blank ( Or P) .
For loops t hat you' ve creat ed an A version of, t he syst em
expect s you t o also have defined a primary ( default ) version.
Then by select ing A inst ead of P in t he proj ect ( at t he design
basis on t he loop) you can cause it t o pick your A version
inst ead of t he usual select ion of P.
I mpor t ant : The A vs. P choice is not about select ing t he
int ernal default or t he I nst r ument Assembl y .Dat loop
definit ion. I t is about choosing bet ween t wo loop definit ions in
t he select ed I nst r ument Assembl y .Dat file, of you' ve picked
one.
NOTE: Addit ional place for comment s; does not affect usage.
By changing t he part t ypes and quant it ies for each, you change
t he result s developed for t he field hook- ups.
You can:
delet e t he part s of a hook- up
revise each line
add part s t o a part icular field hook- up from I npar t s. dat
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 221
The Sampl e_I npar t s.dat file is shown below:

There are ext ensive inst ruct ions for use provided t oward t he t op
of t he scrollable document . Please read t hese carefully before
modifying t he file, wit h t he same limit at ions as described above.
The field hook- up assembly part s are organized int o t he
following columns:
I D: A unique, four- digit part number. This shows up as t he
PART No. in I nasmbly. dat .
COA: A valid I carus inst rument at ion Code of Account ( COA) .
You should use an I carus COA even if you plan t o redefine t he
COA set s ( see I carus Reference, Chapt er 34, Code of
Account s ) .
QT: Quant it y- must be set t o 1.
UT: Unit of measure.
DI A I / P: Diamet er ( if applicable) in I nch- Pound ( I P) unit s.
This is included in t he line it em det ails print out t o ident ify t he
it em.
DI A MET: Same as above, but for Met ric.
DESCRI PTI ON: Name for t he line it em t o print in t he det ails
sect ion of report s.
222 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
MATL: One of t he valid I carus mat erials of const ruct ion list ed
in t he file.
BCOST ( USD) : Mat erial cost of t he part in USD for t he YEAR
indicat ed in t he file. This will be aut omat ically convert ed t o
t he currency of t he proj ect . The currency unit s are not
import ant - t he USD symbol here is for reference purposes
only. You may change t he symbol and/ or ent er your own cost
values. However, it is crit ical t hat you ent er t he conversions
bet ween t his currency and t he four count ry currencies known
t o I carus. That is done using t he four CURCONs list ed in t he
file.
MH: I nst allat ion man- hours per indicat ed quant it y ( for
example, per LF or M, EA, et c) .
CREW: Select one of t he available I carus inst rument at ion
crews t o perform t he work.
YEAR: The syst em will aut omat ically escalat e t he
user- ent ered mat erial cost ( see above, under BCOST) t o t he
base year for t he version of Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or t hat
is running t he est imat e.
For example, if a cost is specified as being valid in 2002, and you
are running a First Quart er 2004 ( 1Q 04) version of t he syst em,
t hen t he cost in t his file will be escalat ed t o 1Q 04 before
appearing in any report . I t is import ant t o not e t hat t he
escalat ion index used is specific for t he inst rument at ion account .
This usually differs from t he global syst em base indices list ed in
t he I carus Reference. The Release Not es provided wit h each cost
release det ails t he year- t o- year changes by maj or account .
Usi ng t he Pl ot Pl an Lay out Tool
Wor k f l ow f or Pl ot Pl an Lay out Tool :

1 Open an Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect . Add areas and
equipment in each area according t o your proj ect scope. I f
you want t he syst em t o calculat e area size for any area, keep
t he l engt h and w i dt h fields of t hat area blank. For st ruct ural
areas, specify number of levels/ floors. The syst em will not
calculat e area sizes for MODULE t ype areas; you must
specify t he area dimensions. For equipment on st ruct ure, you
must specify t he floor/ level number of t he st ruct ure on t he
2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s 223
equi pment form as t he locat ion of equipment on t he
st ruct ure.
2 On t he main t ool bar, click Run | Ev al uat e Pr oj ect for cost
evaluat ion of t he proj ect . For areas wit hout specificat ions of
lengt hs and widt hs, t he syst em will calculat e lengt hs and
widt hs from t he equipment dimensions in t he respect ive
areas.
3 On t he main t ool bar, click Run | Ex por t / I mpor t Fr om/ To
Basi c Engi neer i ng t o launch an Aspen Basic Engineering
applicat ion. The Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or applicat ion is
put t o sleep, and t he cost ing int erface t o Aspen Basic
Engineering is launched. All area dimensions and equipment
foot print s are export ed t o Aspen Basic Engineering.
4 Open t he drawing edit or and creat e a new plot plan
document .
5 On t he plot plan, place a scale symbol; t he default scale is
100, but you can change t he scale.
Labels and a piperack symbol are available in t he Aspen Basic
Engineering plot plan drawing. No ot her symbols are
available. All t he export ed equipment , open st eel/ concret e
st ruct ure, building and area symbols are seen under t he
st ockpile, in t he plot plan t ab. No ot her symbols ( ot her t han
export ed component s, labels, and pipe rack) can be placed on
t he drawing. All areas and component s may be placed in one
drawing.
6 For a new proj ect , all areas and equipment will be displayed
in t he St ockpile of Aspen Basic Engineering. Move areas and
equipment from st ockpile t o t he main drawing area. For an
exist ing proj ect wit h equipment and areas placed in t he plot
plan drawing, all old areas and equipment will be placed in
t he proper locat ions of t he drawing area.
7 I n t he Pl ot Pl an int erface, all equipment in a single area
must reside in t he area. You can move areas in t he main
drawing area, but you can move equipment inside it s parent
area onl y . You cannot move any equipment from it s parent
area t o ot her areas. No new equipment can be added t o t he
plot plan ot her t han t hose import ed from Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or.
Equipment can be placed one above t he ot her in an open
st eel st ruct ure, but t hen only t he t opmost equipment will be
visible. All equipment locat ed one above ot her or at different
224 2 Def i ni ng t he Pr oj ect Basi s
elevat ions in an open st eel st ruct ure need t o be different iat ed
by user specified elevat ion paramet er ( level or floor number) .
8 Place all t he areas and t he equipment in each area in t he
desired locat ions ( X, Y coordinat e) of t he Pl ot Pl an area.
9 Close t he Pl ot Pl an int erface in Aspen Basic Engineering.
Area coordinat es ( bot t om left corner X, Y) wit h respect t o Plot
Plan dat um ( 0, 0 coordinat e of Plot Plan) and equipment
coordinat es ( X, Y, Z) wit h respect t o parent area coordinat es
( bot t om left corner) will be passed t o Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or int erface. Area sizes will be passed t o Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or from Aspen Basic Engineering.
10 On t he main t ool bar, click Run | I nt er connect Pi pi ng
Li nes t o connect piping lines bet ween equipment .
11 Evaluat e t he proj ect cost . All lengt hs for int erconnect ed piping
lines will be calculat ed using t he relat ive equipment locat ions
and t he lines not connect ed will inherit default lengt hs from
t he syst em volumet ric model. The connect ed piping line
lengt h will be derived from: ( a) a funct ion of t he design
paramet ers of equipment and ( b) t he coordinat es of t he
equipment . This lengt h will be divided equally bet ween t he
equipment if t hey are in t he same area. For equipment in
different areas, t he syst em assumes t hat t he connect ed
equipment piping line will run t o t he respect ive short est area
boundary and will be on a pipe rack along t he boundary of t he
areas. The lengt h along t he pipe rack will be divided equally
bet ween t he equipment . I n addit ion, each line on a piece of
equipment will have a height coordinat e where it j oins t o t he
equipment nozzle ( available int ernally) so t hat t he vert ical
run lengt h of piping can be calculat ed.


3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 225
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng
Si mul at i on Dat a
Not e: Simulat ion dat a can be used in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or only if you are licensed t o use Aspen I carus Process
Evaluat or ( Aspen Process Economic Analyzer) or Aspen Decision
Analyzer. I f you are licensed, you can select at st art up t o use
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer or Analyzer in t he Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or environment .
Over vi ew
I f t he process you wish t o evaluat e in Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer is based on a simulat or file report from a process
simulat or soft ware program, t he first st ep, aft er creat ing a
proj ect scenario and defining t he Design Basis, is t o load and
map simulat ion dat a.
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer support s report s from t he
following simulat ors:
AspenTechs AspenPlus Version 12. 1
Chemst at ions ChemCAD for Windows Version 5. 3. 2
Hyprot echs HYSI M Version STD/ C. 271
Hyprot echs HYSYS Version 2. 4. 1
SimScis PRO/ I I wit h PROVI SI ON Version 5. 61
Pacific Simulat ions WI NGEMS 2. 0
WinSims DESI GN I I for Windows Version 8. 17
226 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
Pr epar i ng Si mul at i on Repor t s
For Aspen Process Economic Analyzer t o load t he simulat ion
dat a, an appropriat e ASCI I out put report needs t o be generat ed
from t he simulat or. Most simulat ors describe t he various st eps
needed t o generat e ASCI I report s. This sect ion provides
addit ional procedures t o generat e report s in an Analyzer-
compat ible format .
The procedures provided here st art wit h t he default report
generat ion opt ions. I f changes have been made from t he default
report generat ion opt ions, t hen it may be necessary t o change
t hem back t o t he default set t ings for creat ing an out put report
for Aspen Process Economic Analyzer.
AspenPl us Repor t Gener at i on
AspenPlus provides a t emplat e cont aining t he propert y set s t hat
a proj ect needs in order t o generat e an out put report for Aspen
Process Economic Analyzer.
Not e: I f you use t he t emplat e, t he following component
specificat ion, if ent ered in AspenPlus, must be re- ent ered in
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer:
Block - CCD
STAGE EFFI CI ENCY
To use t he t empl at e:
1 Open t he proj ect in AspenPlus.
2 On t he Fi l e menu, click I mpor t .
3 Navigat e t o:
Program Files\AspenTech\Economic Evaluation
V7.1\Program\Load
Not e: This is t he default pat h; it may differ depending on where
you inst alled Aspen I carus.
4 Depending on t he simulat ion unit s of measure, select t he
appropriat e simulat or direct ory ( for example, AspenPlus) and
t hen t he corresponding t emplat e ( . apt ) file.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 227
To cr eat e t he r equi r ed pr oper t y st eps i n Aspen Pl us
w i t hout usi ng a t empl at e:
1 On t he Dat a menu, click Pr oper t i es. This will open t he dat a
browser t o t he propert y specificat ions.
2 I n t he dat a browser t ree st ruct ure, open t he folder Prop- Set s
locat ed in t he Propert ies folder.
3 Click New t o creat e a new propert y set .
4 Type a name for t he propert y set or use t he default name.
5 Click OK.
6 I n t he Subst r eam field, select Al l .
7 Scroll down t he list of available propert ies, clicking t hose you
wish t o select . To st art t he scroll window, click in a physical
propert ies cell:
o MASSVFRA
o MASSSFRA
o MASSFLMX
o VOLFLMX
o MASSFLOW
o TEMP
o PRES
o MWMX
The specificat ions for t his propert y set are complet e as indicat ed
by t he check mark displayed on t he t ree view of t he dat a
browser.
8 Click t he Pr op- Set s folder. You will see t he propert y set you
j ust creat ed in t he obj ect manager and t he st at us should be
I nput Compl et e.
9 Creat e t he second propert y set by once again clicking New .
10 Type a name for t he propert y set or use t he default name.
11 Click OK.
12 Click t he Qual i f i er s t ab.
13 I n t he Phase cell, click Tot al .
14 Click t he Pr oper t i es t ab.
15 I n t he Subst r eam field, click ALL.
16 Now click t he Uni t s cell corresponding t o t he CPMX propert y
and pick eit her of t he following unit s:
o KJ/ KG- K
- or -
228 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
o BTU/ LB- R
The specificat ions for t his propert y set are complet e.
17 Click t he Pr op- Set s folder. The newly creat ed propert y set
will appear in t he obj ect manager wit h an i nput compl et e
st at us.
18 Creat e t he final propert y set needed by Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer by clicking New .
19 Type a name for t he propert y set , or use t he default name.
20 Click OK.
21 Click t he Qual i f i er s t ab.
22 I n t he Phase cell, click Vapor .
23 Click t he Pr oper t i es t ab.
24 Select t he following propert ies for t his propert y set :
o VOLFLMX
o MASSFLMX
o KMX
o MUMX
o CPMX
o MWMX
25 Now click t he Uni t s cell corresponding t o t he CPMX propert y
and pick eit her of t he following unit s:
o KJ/ KG- K
- or -
o BTU/ LB- R
The creat ion of propert y set s is complet e.
Now t hese propert y set s must be specified for use in t he
generat ion of a report .
To speci f y t hese pr oper t y set s f or use i n r epor t
gener at i on:
1 I f t he Set up folder is not already expanded, expand it by
clicking on t he plus sign next t o t he folder symbol.
2 Click Repor t Opt i ons.
3 Click t he St r eam t ab.
4 Click t he Pr oper t y Set s but t on.
5 Move t he t hree propert y set s you j ust creat ed t o t he
Sel ect ed pr oper t y set s box.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 229
6 Click t he > but t on t o move t hem t o t he Sel ect ed pr oper t y
set s box.
7 Click Cl ose.
The specificat ions required for loading an AspenPlus report file
are now complet e. You can close t he dat a browser window.
Aft er running t he simulat ion, you must creat e an out put report .
To cr eat e an out put r epor t :
1 On t he Fi l e menu, click Ex por t .
2 I n t he Save As dialog box, use t he drop- down menu t o select
Repor t Fi l es ( * .r ep) or XML f i l es ( * .x ml ) .
3 Type a file name or accept t he default value.
4 Click Sav e. This will creat e t he ASCI I report file needed t o
load int o Aspen Process Economic Analyzer wit h t he name
given above.
Not e: The order on any of t he t ow er models must be set
t o TOP- DOWN in order for t he t ray informat ion t o get loaded int o
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer correct ly. This is t he default
set t ing.
Aspen Pl us Ut i l i t i es
I f a unit operat ion block has a ut ilit y specified, t he ut ilit y
resource specificat ions and usage dat a will be t ransferred int o
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer. Aft er loading t he simulat or
dat a, a preference screen will appear. Specify any missing dat a
for t he Aspen Plus ut ilit ies in order for t he Aspen Plus ut ilit y t o
be properly handled. The Aspen Plus ut ilit ies will appear as new
ut ilit y resources. The appropriat e proj ect component s will use
t he specified ut ilit y resource, based on t he Aspen Plus ut ilit y
used in t he simulat ion.
A message box will appear if ut ilit y resources are modified or
delet ed from t he Aspen Plus simulat ion prior t o a reload of dat a
int o Aspen Process Economic Analyzer. You can choose t o delet e
t he old import ed Aspen Plus ut ilit y resources in Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer, or j ust add/ updat e exist ing import ed ut ilit ies
in Aspen Plus.
230 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
AspenPl us Aspen Pr ocess Economi c
Anal y zer Si mul at or l i nk
A link from AspenPlus t o Aspen Process Economic Analyzer let s
you load changes int o Aspen Process Economic Analyzer when
simulat ion set t ings are changed in AspenPlus.
To l oad pr ocess si mul at or dat a t hr ough t he Aspen I car us
l i nk i nt o a new Aspen Pr ocess Economi c Anal y zer pr oj ect
scenar i o:
1 Run t he simulat ion in AspenPlus.
2 On t he Fi l e menu, click Send To and click Aspen I car us.
When t he prompt appears, t he Aspen Process Economic Analyzer
proj ect name will be designat ed t o be t he name of t he simulat ion
file from AspenPlus. AspenPlus will designat e t he scenario name.
I f t he scenario name is changed, any fut ure at t empt s t o run t he
link for t he same proj ect will result in a new Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer proj ect being creat ed. I t is recommended
t hat t he scenario name designat ed by AspenPlus be left as it is
for maximum usabilit y.
3 Click OK.
The Pr oj ect Pr oper t i es dialog box appears.
4 Specify t he Proj ect Descript ion, Remarks, and t he Unit s of
Measure.
5 Click OK.
The I nput Uni t s of Measur e Speci f i cat i ons dialog box
appears.
6 Verify t he I nput Unit s of Measure Specificat ions; t hen click
OK.
The Gener al Pr oj ect Dat a dialog box appears.
7 Verify t he General Proj ect Dat a; t hen click OK.
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer displays a prompt t o load t he
Simulat or Dat a.
8 Click OK.
I f t he simulat ion has specified unit s t hat are undefined, a prompt
will appear t o do so. Define all AspenPlus unit s wit h t hose
available in Aspen Process Economic Analyzer.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 231
To l oad pr ocess si mul at or dat a t hr ough t he Aspen I car us
l i nk i nt o an ex i st i ng pr oj ect scenar i o:
1 Run t he simulat ion in AspenPlus
2 On t he Fi l e menu, click Send To and click Aspen I car us.
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer displays a prompt t o load
simulat or dat a.
3 Click OK.
Because all ot her proj ect basis set t ings have been specified,
mapping and sizing can be performed at t his t ime.
ChemCAD Repor t Gener at i on
These inst ruct ions apply t o bot h ChemCAD for Windows, Version
5. 3. 2, and for previous versions of ChemCAD. The specificat ions
are t he same for all versions.
1 On t he main menu, on t he Out put menu, click Report .
Not e: I n ChemCAD for Windows, j ust click t he Out put menu
from t he menu bar.
2 Specify t he following for report opt ions:
Select St reams
Print All St reams: Y
Not e: Check box in ChemCAD for Windows
Select Unit Operat ions
Print All Unit Operat ions: Y
Not e: Check box in ChemCAD for Windows.
St ream Propert ies
3 Select or deselect t he following st ream propert ies as indicat ed
below:
Pr oper t y Sel ect De- Sel ect
OVERALL PROPERTI ES
Mass flow rat e X
Mole flow rat e X
Temper at ure X
Pressure X
Mole Vap frac X
Ent halpy X
Molecular wt . X
Tot al act . dens X
232 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
Pr oper t y Sel ect De- Sel ect
VAPOR PROPERTI ES
Mass flow rat e X
Mole flow rat e X
Molecular wt . X
Vap. Act . Dens X
Vap. Viscosit y X
Vap. Cp X
Vap. Thrm. Cond X
Liq. Surf. Tens. X
LI QUI D PROPERTI ES
Mole flow rat e X
Molecular wt . X
Liq. act . Dens X
Liq. Viscosit y X
Liq. Cp X
Liq. Thrm. Cond. X
SOLI D PROPERTI ES*
Mass flow rat e X
Molecular wt . X
Densit y X
PSD X
DI STI LLATI ON OPTI ONS
Tray profile X
Tray propert ies X
Tray sizing X
Packed column sizing X
TRAY COMPOSI TI ONS
Mass flow rat e X
* Solid propert ies are locat ed on Page 2 of St ream Propert ies in
ChemCAD for Windows.
The component mass flow rat es for individual st reams must be
included in t he out put report .
4 Navigat e t o t he St r eam Fl ow r at e/ Composi t i on menu
under t he Repor t s/ Out put menu.
5 Pick Mass Fl ow r at e.
I f you want Aspen Process Economic Analyzer t o use t ray sizing
informat ion from t he simulat or, t hen you must include t he
appropriat e sizing informat ion.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 233
6 To do t his, go t o Di st i l l at i on Summar i es under t he
Repor t s/ Out put menu; t hen select t he appropriat e sizing
sect ion ( pack ed or t r ay ed) .
7 Aft er t he complet ion of all t hese specificat ions, generat e t he
out put report by select ing Cal cul at e and Gi ve Resul t s. This
should generat e an out put report . You can rename it if you
wish. This is t he file t o be used as input for Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer.
HYSI M Repor t Gener at i on
1 Copy t he following . spc files from t he
\ Pr ogr am\ Load\ Hy si m direct ory t o your HYSI M working
direct ory before generat ing out put inside t he simulat or.
MI XER. SPC
TEE. SPC
HTXRATE. SPC
BALANCE. SPC
CALC. SPC
MASSBAL. SPC
MOLEBAL. SPC
For all ot her operat ions, use t he default .spc files provided by
Hyprot ech.
2 For HYSI M version 386| C2. 12 or earlier, copy t he st ream
format file STRSUM. FMT locat ed in t he / Aspen Pr ocess
Economi c Anal y zer / Docs direct ory of your HYSI M working
direct ory. I f you have HYSI M version STD: C2. 63 and above,
copy t he st ream format file STRSUM2.FMT locat ed in t he
/ Aspen Pr ocess Economi c Anal y zer / Docs direct ory t o
your HYSI M working direct ory and rename it STRSUM. FMT.
You must eit her delet e or rename t he exist ing STRSUM.FMT
file t o perform t his.
The out put report generat ed from HYSI M should cont ain
oper at i on out put ( defined as spec_sheet in HYSI M) and t he
complet e st r eam summar y . Bot h of t hese out put s must be
saved under t he same file name. The informat ion is appended t o
t he file and does not get overwrit t en.
To gener at e t he oper at i on out put and st r eam summar y
( Requi r ed) :
1 Load t he desired proj ect inside HYSI M ( * .si m) .
234 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
o operat ion out put
o st ream summary
2 On t he main menu, click Pr i nt .
3 On t he pr i nt opt ion, click Fi l e; t hen press Ent er .
4 Select t he same file ( f i l e_name) as above; t hen press
Ent er .
5 Click t he Pr i nt opt ion; t hen press Ent er .
6 Select t he St r eam opt ion; t hen press Ent er .
7 I nside t he St r eam opt ion, select Summar y ; t hen press
Ent er .
8 The list of st reams present in t he current proj ect is displayed.
Click t he < - > opt ion for all t he st reams t o be writ t en in
f i l e_name.
The procedure creat es t he required report ( f i l e_name) , which
can be loaded int o Aspen Process Economic Analyzer and used
for proj ect evaluat ion.
I f sizing operat ions are perfor med inside t he simulat or and you
want t he informat ion t o be carried over t o Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer, t he following st eps must be performed in
addit ion t o t he above procedure:
1 Load t he desired proj ect inside HYSI M ( * .si m) .
sizing summary
2 On t he main menu, click Si ze.
3 I nside t he si ze opt ion, choose t he unit operat ion desired;
t hen press Ent er .
4 Select t he part icular equipment ( for example, col- 101) ; t hen
press Ent er .
5 Select aut o_sect i on or user _sect i on; t hen press Ent er .
6 Aft er t he sizing calculat ions are performed, select Pr i nt .
7 Select Fi l e; t hen press Ent er .
8 Select t he same file name ( file_name) ; t hen press Ent er .
9 Click Summar y ; t hen press Ent er .
I mpor t ant :
The operat ion names and st ream names can not cont ain t he
following charact ers:
+ , - , * , or spaces
The ASCI I report has t o be creat ed in t he default unit s
specified by HYSI M for t he ENGLI SH and t he SI modes of
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 235
operat ion. You can run a simulat ion in any simulat or- provided
unit s. However, prior t o creat ing t he report file, you must
convert t he unit s t o t he default specificat ions provided by
HYSI M.
During t he sizing procedure for t he col umn operat ion, if
user _sect i on is chosen, care should be t aken t o check t hat
t he st age numbers are not repeat ed in t he different sect ions
of t he same column operat ion. The following t wo examples
demonst rat e t he correct and incorrect specificat ions.
Cor r ect I ncor r ect
user_sect ion_1 : ( st art st age) 1 user_sect ion_1 : ( st art st age) 1
( end st age) 10 ( end st age) 10
user_sect ion_2: ( st art st age) 11 user_sect ion_2 : ( st art st age) 3
( end st age) 15 ( end st age) 15

The user _sect i on name should not cont ain t he following
charact ers:
+ , - , *
The report format should be such t hat t he widt h of t he report
should be less t han or equal t o 4 st reams wide. This can be
accomplished from t he f or mat opt ion provided in HYSI M.
St r eam summar y should follow t he oper at i on out put in
t he report , t hat is, t he order should be maint ained.
HYSYS Repor t Gener at i on
Aspen Process Economic Analyzers Ext ernal Simulat ion I mport
Tool import s HYSYS simulat or dat a int o I carus dat abase files,
which you can t hen load int o Aspen Process Economic Analyzer.
To i mpor t HYSYS si mul at i on dat a f or l oadi ng i nt o Aspen
Pr ocess Economi c Anal y zer :
1 On t he Tool s menu, click Ex t er nal Si mul at i on I mpor t
Tool .
236 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
The Si mul at or Li nk dialog box appears.

2 Click t he Br ow se but t on for t he Si mul at or Fi l e field.

3 Select t he process simulat or proj ect you creat ed; t hen click
Open.
4 Click t he Br ow se but t on for t he Ex por t Fi l e field. The Export
File will cont ain t he export ed simulat ion result s dat a from t he
select ed HYSYS proj ect . Do not include any file ext ensions for
t his file. The import t ool will aut omat ically assign a d01
ext ension t o t his file.

5 Select t he locat ion and ent er t he file name you want t o be
used t o cont ain t he export ed dat a. You can also select an
exist ing file.
6 Click Sav e.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 237
7 On t he Tool s menu, click Connect . HYSYS will aut omat ically
st art wit h t he select ed proj ect .
The following figure shows t he file Chepl ant . hsc in t he HYSYS
int erface.

8 Click Ex por t on t he Si mul at or Li nk dialog box t o st art t he
process of export ing t he simulat ion dat a from t he select ed
HYSYS proj ect int o t he Ex por t File.
Once finished, you will see five files wit h t he name you gave t o
t he Ex por t Fi l e. These files cont ain t he export ed dat a.
Not e: These files should always go t oget her, in case you want t o
copy t hem t o anot her locat ion.
D: \ t est \ cheplant n. d01 I carus dat abase file
D: \ t est \ cheplant n. d02
D: \ t est \ cheplant n. d03
D: \ t est \ cheplant n. d04
9 On t he Si mul at or Li nk dialog box, click Di sconnect . The
t ool will close HYSYS. I f you want t o keep HYSYS running and
make changes t o your simulat ion, you can use t he Ex por t
Agai n but t on t o export t he dat a again int o t he Ex por t Fi l e.
10 Exit t he import t ool.
11 St art Aspen Process Economic Analyzer and creat e a new
proj ect .
12 Select Hyprot echs HYSYS as t he Simulat or Type.
13 When select ing t he simulat or report file, select t he Ex por t
Fi l e ( t he file wit h t he ext ension .d01) creat ed using t he
import t ool
238 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
14 To load, map, and size t his proj ect , cont inue as described in
t his guide.
Si mSci s PRO/ I I w i t h PROVI SI ON Repor t
Gener at i on
Two met hods can be used for generat ing report s from PRO/ I I
wit h PROVI SI ON.
You can change t he input keyword file ( * .i np) t o include t he
required print opt ions using keywords for t hose using PRO/ I I
direct ly
- or -
You can change t he print opt ions from wit hin t he PROVI SI ON
user int erface.
For eit her met hod, t he operat ion names and st ream names
should not cont ain t he following charact ers:
+
*
Not e: When specifying sidest rippers, each sidest ripper
must be ident ified by a unique four- charact er name. Current ly,
sidest rippers are not always ident ified by t heir full user- given
names in PRO/ I I wit h PROVI SI ON report files. Somet imes, t hey
are ident ified by only t he first four charact ers of t he user- given
names. Therefore, t o properly load sidest ripper informat ion int o
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer, sidest ripper Unit ident ifiers
( UI Ds) must be used, which are only four charact ers long.
To pr epar e t he Si mSci r epor t i n PROVI SI ON:
1 On t he I nput menu, select Pr obl em Descr i pt i on. Make sure
t hat t he Pr obl em I dent i f i er field is not blank; somet hing
must be ent ered.
2 On t he Out put menu, select Repor t For mat .
3 On t he Repor t For mat menu, select Mi scel l aneous Dat a.
4 Set t he Repor t Wi dt h field t o 80 Columns ( t he PROVI SI ON
default value) .
5 On t he Repor t For mat menu, select St r eam Pr oper t i es.
6 Select Mol ar Fl ow r at e and Wei ght Fr act i on.
7 On t he Repor t For mat menu select Uni t Oper at i ons.
8 For each column unit operat ion:
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 239
A On t he Uni t Oper at i ons list , select Col umn.
B Click t he Pr i nt Opt i ons but t on while unit is highlight ed.
C Select Mol ar Basi s from t he Col umn Summar y list .
D From t heir respect ive column print opt ions window, select :
o Molecular Weight s
o Act ual Densit ies
o Act ual Volumet ric Flowrat es
o Transport Propert ies
o Flowing Ent halpies
o St andard Liquid Densit ies
E Click OK.
F Repeat for each remaining COLUMN unit operat ion in list .
Not e: See t he not e in t he KEYWORD sect ion regarding COLUMN
sidest rippers UI Ds.
9 Click Cl ose t o finish.
10 Use t he default opt ions for remaining unit operat ions.
Usi ng Key w or ds
For General Print Opt ions, use t he following keywords:
Print I NPUT = ALL
STREAM = ALL
RATE = M
WI DTH = 80
For COLUMN operat ions, use t he following keyword:
Print PROPTABLES = PART or ALL
Loadi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
The following loading procedure t ranslat es t he specified process
simulat or report file int o Aspen Process Economic Analyzer.
To l oad pr ocess si mul at or dat a:
1 I n Proj ect Explorer, Pr oj ect Basi s view, right - click
Si mul at or Ty pe in t he Pr ocess Desi gn folder; t hen click
Edi t .
240 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a

The Sel ect Si mul at or Ty pe dialog box appears.

2 Select one t ype from t he list ; t hen click OK.
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer displays a message saying
what t he new simulat or t ype is.

3 Click OK.
4 I n t he Pr ocess Desi gn folder, Right - click Si mul at or Fi l e
Name; t hen click Edi t .

The Open dialog box appears, showing all simulat or files in t he
Report folder. You can browse ot her drives and folders as well.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 241

5 Select a file; t hen click Open.
Not e: The Li st view now displays t he pat hname of t he select ed
simulat or file when you select Si mul at or Fi l e Name in Proj ect
Explorer.
6 Do one of t he following:
Click on t he t oolbar.
- or -
On t he Run menu, click Load Dat a.
A confirmat ion window appears.

7 Click Yes.
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer loads t he simulat or dat a.
When t he loading of t he dat a is finished, t he Pr ocess view of
Proj ect Explorer is populat ed wit h simulat or areas and simulat or
blocks.
242 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a

Vi ew i ng Dat a Der i ved f r om Si mul at or
To access si mul at or - der i ved dat a ( r ead- onl y ) :
1 Right - click a block, and on t he menu t hat appears, click
Modi f y .

2 Click Cancel t o close.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 243
Wor k i ng w i t h Bl ock Fl ow
Di agr ams
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer aut omat ically generat es a
Block Flow Diagram ( BFD) from a loaded simulat or report .
Providing a graphical represent at ion of t he process, t he BFD
displays comput at ional blocks and t heir connect ions.
The blocks in t he diagram correspond t o t ree it ems displayed in
t he Proj ect Explorers Process view. Color- coding of t he blocks in
bot h t he Process view and t he BFD agree; mapped it ems are
displayed green and unmapped it ems are displayed yellow.

Di spl ay i ng t he Bl ock Fl ow Di agr am
To di spl ay t he Bl ock Fl ow Di agr am:
On t he Vi ew menu, click Bl ock Fl ow Di agr am.
244 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
The BFD appears in t he Main Window.

Not e: A block can be moved by clicking on t he cent er of t he
block and dragging it t o t he desired locat ion. Doing so will also
move t he st reams connect ed t o t he block. I f t he simulat or dat a
is reloaded, t he block and st ream locat ions will be regenerat ed
by Aspen Process Economic Analyzer.
I n addit ion t o t he blocks displayed in t he Pr ocess view, t he BFD
displays st reams, direct ion of st ream flows, inlet s, and out let s.
The commands on t he Vi ew menu change when t he BFD is
act ive. ( See Block Flow Diagram View Menu on page 243 more
informat ion. )
The Dr ag & Fi nd Feat ur e
There is a quick and easy way t o find a block on t he BFD.
Drag t he block from t he Proj ect Explorers Process view and drop
it anywhere in t he BFD. The part of t he BFD displayed changes
so t hat t he block you want t o find appears in t he upper- left
corner of t he Main Window.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 245

Drag a block from Proj ect Explorer ( Process view) t o t he BFD

Aspen Process Economic Analyzer finds t he block on t he diagram
Accessi ng Commands i n t he Bl ock Fl ow
Di agr am
Right - clicking on blocks in t he BFD accesses t he same
commands available when you right - click a block in Proj ect
Explorers Pr ocess view.
Bl ock commands

Clicking Vi ew accesses simulat or- derived dat a ( read- only) , as
shown on page 242.
The Map command and Del et e Mappi ngs command are
explained in t he next sect ion, Mapping Simulat or I t ems t o I carus
246 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
Proj ect Component s, st art ing on page 249. Alt erat ion of mapping
will alt er t he blocks' color based on it s st at us.
St r eam commands
You can double- click a st ream t o access t he Develop St ream
specificat ions form. This form is explained on page 203.
Zoomi ng
You can use t he Zoom I n and Zoom Out but t ons t o increase or
decrease t he magnificat ion by degrees:

You can also select an exact magnificat ion by using t he Zoom
dialog box.
To use t he Zoom di al og box :
1 On t he Vi ew menu, click Zoom.
The Zoom dialog box appears.

2 Click t he desired magnificat ion, or click Cust om and t ype a
percent age bet ween 10 and 1, 000.
3 Click OK t o change magnificat ion and close t he dialog box.
- or -
Click Cancel t o close t he dialog box wit hout changing
magnificat ion.
The Zoom dialog box also has t wo opt ions t hat affect print ing:
Fi t i nt o one page
Mark t his box t o have Aspen Process Economic Analyzer re- size
t he BFD t o fit ont o one page when print ed. This aut omat ically
select s t he next opt ion, What - You- See- I s- What - You- Get , since
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 247
t he screen image will reflect t he size required t o fit on one
print ed page.
What - You- See- I s- What - You- Get ( WYSI WYG)
When WYSI WYG is cleared, zooming in or out will only affect
t he magnificat ion fact or on t he screen, while t he print er always
print s at 100%. However, if WYSI WYG is select ed, t he
magnificat ion fact or on t he print er will be changed so t hat t he
print ed image will have t he same size as t he image appearing on
t he screen.
Bl ock Fl ow Di agr am Vi ew Menu

The View menu contains some options that are only displayed when the Block Flow
Diagram is active
Use t hi s t o
Toolbar View or hide t he t oolbar. See page 41 for
descript ions of t oolbar but t ons.
St at us Bar View or hide t he st at us bar. See page 28
for descript ion of t he st at us bar.
248 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
Proj ect Explorer View or hide Proj ect Explorer. See page
29 for descript ion of Proj ect Explorer.
Palet t e View or hide t he Palet t e. See page 35 for
descript ion of t he Palet t e
Propert ies Window View or hide t he Proper t ies Window. See
page 38 for a descript ion of t he Propert ies
Window.
Workbook Mode Turn Workbook Mode on and off. See
page 31 for an explanat ion of Workbook
Mode.
Capit al Cost s View Launch Aspen I carus Report er for
int eract ive report s ( on- scr een, HTML, or
Excel) or I carus Edit or for evaluat ion
report s ( .ccp) . The Proj ect Evaluat ion
needs t o have already been run. See page
574 and page 564 for det ails.
I nvest ment Analysis View Display I nvest ment Analysis
spreadsheet s. See Reviewing I nvest ment
Analysis on page 605 for inst ruct ions.
Block Flow Diagram Display Block Flow Diagram of t he loaded
simulat or dat a.
Process Flow Diagram Display Process Flow Diagram. This
command is not act ive unt il you have
mapped t he simulat or it ems.
St reams List Display a read- only list of all simulat or-
derived st ream propert ies in a
spreadsheet . You can cust omize some of
t he feat ures of t he spreadsheet ( which
st ream propert ies t o display, whet her t o
display names of t he propert ies, and t he
display st yle of t he proper t y values) by
edit ing t he st ream list t emplat e file:
. . . \ Economic Evaluat ion
V7. 1\ Dat a\ I CS\ st rlist . fil
Grid Visible View or hide grid lines.
Snap t o Grid Move blocks in increment s corresponding
t o t he grid lines when dragging t o new
locat ion.
Show Page Bounds View or hide page separat ion lines. When
displayed, you can see where page breaks
will be when print ing.
Port s Visible View or hide port s in t he Process Flow
Diagram. Does not apply t o Block Flow
Diagram.
Zoom Access Zoom dialog box. See page 246.

3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 249
Mappi ng Si mul at or I t ems t o
I car us Pr oj ect Component s
Mapping is t he process of convert ing each simulat or block ( t hat
is, model or unit operat ion) int o one or more I carus proj ect
component s.
To map si mul at or i t ems:
1 I f you want t o map all it ems, access t he Map dialog box by
doing one of t he following:
Click on t he t oolbar.
- or -
On t he Run menu, click Map I t ems.
2 I f you want t o map a single block or all blocks in an area, do
one of t he following:
I n Pr ocess view, right - click a block or area; t hen click
Map on t he menu t hat appears.
- or -
I n t he Block Flow Diagram, right - click a block t hen click
Map on t he menu t hat appears.

250 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
The Map dialog box appears.

Not e: I f you clicked t he Map but t on on t he t oolbar or clicked
Map I t ems on t he Run menu, only t he Map Al l I t ems check
box is available in t he Sour ce sect ion.
I f you clicked Map on a pop- up menu, bot h Map Sel ect ed
I t em( s) t he default choice and Map Al l I t ems are
available.
Select t he desired mapping opt ions.
Opt i on Descr i pt i on
Sour ce
Map Select ed I t em( s) Map t he select ed simulat or block or t he simulat or blocks in
t he select ed simulat or area. This opt ion is available only if
you select ed Map from a pop- up menu.
Map All I t ems Map all simulat or it ems in t he proj ect .
Basi s
Last Mapping Map a block according t o t he last t ime it was mapped. This
opt ion ret ains only t he t ype of I carus proj ect component ( s)
t o which t he block was last mapped.
Default Use t he Component Map Specs file for t he basis.
Default and Simulat or
Dat a
Use t he Component Map Specs file for t he basis, but
override t he mapping using specific dat a in t he simulat or.
For example, if you select t his opt ion and a reboiler t ype is
specified in t he simulat or report , an equivalent reboiler
t ype will be used in t he mapping.
Furt her, if t he "Preferences> Process> Use Aut omat ic
Mapping Select ion when Available" was select ed, t hen
addit ional engineering rules of t humb will be used for a
select ed cat egory of equipment s ( for example, pumps,
compressors, and heat exchangers) t o come up t he
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 251
Opt i on Descr i pt i on
mapping recommendat ions. ( Not e: Current ly t his mode is
act ive only when blocks are mapped one at a t ime. )
Users are encouraged t o r eview t hese recommendat ions
and eit her accept t hem or select a different equipment t ype
based on t heir knowledge of t heir processes and pract ices.
Opt i ons
Size I carus Proj ect
Component ( s)
Size t he mapped I carus pr oj ect component ( s) .
I f you are mapping a single it em t o a single component
t hat can be sized using t he int eract ive Sizing Expert ( see
list on page 339) , t he I nt eract ive Sizing form will appear
aft er mapping.
Ot herwise, Aspen Process Economic Analyzer uses it s
aut omat ic sizing.
Alt hough t he Sizing Expert is unavailable when sizing
mult iple component s, you can st ill use it lat er ( assuming
t he component is one of t hose t hat can be sized
int eract ively) . Just right - click on t he mapped component
and click Re- Size on t he pop- up menu.
Not e: See Chapt er 6 for inst ruct ions on
using t he Sizing Expert .
3 Click OK.
The Pr oj ect Component Map Pr evi ew dialog box appears.

Not e: All simulat or it ems are displayed because Map al l I t ems
was select ed at t he previous dialog box. Those component s
being mapped have ast erisks next t o t hem.
252 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
I f you select ed Map Sel ect ed I t em( s) on t he Map dialog box,
t he Si mul at or I t ems list displays j ust t he select ed simulat or
block( s) . I f you select ed Map al l I t ems, t he Si mul at or I t ems
list displays all simulat or blocks.
The Cur r ent Map Li st displays any component s t hat are already
mapped t o t he simulat or block highlight ed on t he Simulat ion
List .
The Conf i gur at i on opt ion box is act ive only for blocks
represent ing column models. ( I n t he sample proj ect , Block B7
represent s a column model. )

You must use t he arrow scroll but t ons t o see all t en possible
configurat ions. Select ing a configurat ion t ype aut omat ically fills
in t he Cur r ent Map Li st wit h t he component s required for t hat
configurat ion t ype. See Tower Configurat ions on page 259 for
more informat ion.
4 Click New Mappi ng t o map a block highlight ed on t he
Si mul at or I t ems list t o an I carus proj ect component .
I f t he simulat or block represent s a column model t hat does not
yet have all it s required mappings, t he Sel ect a Suf f i x dialog
box appears, list ing t he t ypes of component s ( indicat ed by
suffixes t hat appear at t he end of I t em Descript ions on t he Li st
view) t hat st ill need t o be mapped t o t he block.

Not e: See Tow er Conf i gur at i ons on page 259 for more
informat ion.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 253

Suf f i x To i ndi cat e
bot t oms split bot t oms split t er
bot exchanger bot t oms exchanger
bot t oms pump bot t oms pump
Cond condenser for t he t ower
cond acc condenser accumulat or
ovhd exchanger Overhead exchanger
Overhead split Overhead split t er
ovhd pump Overhead pump
precooler first heat exchanger in split configurat ion
Reb reboiler for t he t ower
reflux pump reflux pump
Tower main t ower
Trim second heat exchanger in split configurat ion
Ot her user- select able.
spray cond Spray condenser
spray cond exit pump Pump for recirculat ing t he spray condenser exit
sc t ot recycle split t er Split t er in Spray Condenser Configurat ion t hat generat es
t he t ot al recycle st ream
sc cooler Heat exchanger in t he Spray Condenser Configurat ion t hat
cools t he ent ire t ot al recycle st ream
sc t ot recycle t rim split t er Trim split t er in Spray Condenser Configurat ion 2 ( page
266)
sc t rim Heat exchanger in t he Spray Condenser Configurat ion t hat
cools t he ent ire t ot al recycle st ream
5 Select a suffix; t hen click OK.
254 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
The I car us Pr oj ect Component Sel ect i on dialog box appears.

6 Select a component .
The Pr oj ect Component Map Pr ev i ew dialog box now displays
t he component cat egory' s it em symbol ( for example, AG) and
t he component t ype ( for example, DI RECT) in t he Cur r ent Map
Li st . More component det ails are displayed in t he I car us
Pr oj ect Component Descr i pt i on sect ion.

3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 255
By default , t he Component Name field cont ains t he block
name. You may want t o modify it t o be more descript ive and t o
dist inguish t he component from ot hers t o which t he block has
also been mapped. This can be as simple as adding a descript or
at t he end.

Each component mapped from t he block must have a unique
name; if anot her component already has t he default component
name, Aspen Process Economic Analyzer prompt s you t o ent er a
unique name aft er you select anot her component .
7 Click OK t o complet e t he mapping.
I f you select ed t o size t he mapped component ( s) , Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer also performs aut omat ic sizing or, in cases in
which a single it em is being mapped t o a single component for
which int eract ive sizing is available, t he I nt eract ive Sizing form
appears. See Chapt er 6, Sizing Proj ect Component s, for
informat ion on t his feat ure.
Wit h t he block now mapped, t he Li st view displays t he
component s mapped from t he simulat or block.

Component St at us
You may not ice a "?" in t he St at us column of a proj ect
component mapped from t he simulat or block. This indicat es t hat
256 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
t here are st ill specificat ions t hat need t o be ent ered for t he
component . To ent er t he specificat ions, right - click on t he
component and click Modify I t em on t he pop- up menu. Ent ering
specificat ions in t he required fields will change t he st at us t o OK.
Required fields are indicat ed by color- coding explained on page
291, under Ent ering Component Specificat ions.
I f you do not ent er t he specificat ions and t he "?" remains in t he
St at us column, t he it em will not be included in t he proj ect
evaluat ion and will have "0" cost associat ed wit h it . I t will not
cause SCAN messages.
Del et i ng Mappi ngs
To del et e mappi ngs:
Right - click in t he simulat or area or simulat or block in Pr ocess
view; t hen, on t he menu t hat appears, click Del et e.
Tow er Conf i gur at i ons
Because a column can be mapped t o mult iple pieces of
equipment , Aspen Process Economic Analyzer requires t hat you
select a t ower configurat ion on t he Pr oj ect Component Map
Pr ev i ew dialog box.

3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 257
You can select from among t en possible configurat ions:
St andard Single
St andard Tot al
St andard Tot al w/ Circ.
St andard Split
St andard Split Tot al
St andard Split Tot al w/ Circ.
Full Single
Full Single w. Circ.
Full Split
Full Split w/ Circ.
Thi s t er m means
Single Tower has one condenser.
Split Tower has mult iple condensers.
Tot al t he reflux pump handles t he t ot al out let liquid flow from
t he accumulat or. I n such configurat ions, t he split t ing int o
a reflux and overhead liquid product occurs aft er t he
reflux pump.
Circ. t here is a pump bet ween t he bot t oms split t er and t he
reboiler giving a forced circulat ion configurat ion around
t he reboiler.

Not e: Ful l configurat ions include t he following equipment not
found in St andar d configurat ions:
overhead pump
overhead product heat exchanger
bot t oms product pump
bot t oms product heat exchanger
Based on t he t ower configurat ion select ed, Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer aut omat ically creat es a model for each t ower
block and t hen maps t he model t o an I carus proj ect component .
I n addit ion, you can specify how t he condenser requirement s
should be split bet ween t he Pr ecool er and t he Tr i m cooler on
t he Desi gn Cr i t er i a specificat ions form.
I f subcooling is present , t he precooler will complet ely condense
t he overhead vapor and t he t rim cooler will perform t he
subcooling; t he split specificat ion on t he Desi gn Cr i t er i a
speci f i cat i ons form will be ignored when subcooling is present .
258 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
The following figures display t he t en possible configurat ions. The
default it em descript ion suffixes ( see page 253) are used t o
ident ify t he configurat ion part s, each of which is mapped t o an
I carus proj ect component .
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 259

Fi gur e 1: St andar d Si ngl e

Fi gur e 2: St andar d Tot al
260 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a

Fi gur e 3: St andar d Tot al w / Ci r c
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 261


Fi gur e 4: St andar d Spl i t

Fi gur e 5: St andar d Spl i t Tot al
262 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a


Fi gur e 6: St andar d Spl i t Tot al w / Ci r c.

Fi gur e 7: Ful l Si ngl e
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 263

Fi gur e 8: Ful l Si ngl e w / Ci r c.

Fi gur e 9: Ful l Spl i t
264 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a

Fi gur e 10: Ful l Spl i t w / Ci r c.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 265


Fi gur e 11: Spr ay Condenser Conf i gur at i on 1 w / Ci r c.
Not e: Flow rat e of t he Spray Cond Tot al Recycle ( SCTR) st ream
is calculat ed using Rat io of Recycle t o ( Ovhdliqprod + Reflux)
Flowrat es = mSCTR / ( mOVH LI Q PROD+ mREFLUX) . Rat io of
Recycle t o ( Ovhdliqprod + Reflux) Flowrat es is an input specified
in t he Design Crit eria.
mSCTR = mass flow rat e of t he SCTR st ream.
mOVH LI Q PROD = mass flow rat e of t he Overhead Liquid
Product st ream.
mREFLUX = mass flow rat e of t he Reflux st ream.

266 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a

Fi gur e 12: Spr ay Condenser Conf i gur at i on 2 w / Ci r c.
The dut y for t he SC COOLER and SC TRI M exchangers are
calculat ed using
Rat io of SC Trim Dut y t o Overall Dut y = Q
SCTRI M
/ Q
CONDENSER
Q
CONDENSER
= Q
SCTRI M
+ Q
SCCOOLER

where:
Rat i o of SC Tr i m Dut y t o Over al l Dut y is an input specified in
t he Design Crit eria
Q
SCTRI M
= Spr ay Condenser Cooler Dut y
Q
SCCOOLER
= Spr ay Condenser Tr i m Dut y
Q
CONDENSER
= Tot al Ov er head Condenser Dut y, obt ained from
Simulat or Dat a

Then t he t emperat ures of t he st reams exit ing t he Spray
Condenser Cooler and Spray Condenser Trim exchangers are
calculat ed using:
a Q = mCpDel t aT calculat ion.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 267
Flow rat e of t he st reams exit ing t he SC Tot Recy cl e Tr i m
Split t er are det ermined using:
SC Trim Split t er Flow Split Rat io = m
SCRTSEx1
/ m
SCCEx

m
SCCEx =
( m
SCRTSEx1
+ m
SCRTSEx2
)
SC Trim Split t er Flow Split Rat io is an input specified in t he
Design Crit eria
m
SCCE
= mass flow rat e of t he SC Cool er Ex i t St ream
m
SCRTSEx1
= mass flow rat e of t he SC Rcy Tr i m Spl i t t er Ex 1
St ream

( t his is t he one t hat subsequent ly goes t hrough t he SC TRI M
exchanger)
m
SCRTSEx2
= mass flow rat e of t he SC Rcy Tr i m Spl i t t er Ex 2
St ream

Si zi ng Sel ect i on
This sect ion out lines t he workflow of t he sizing select ion feat ure
available in Aspen I carus Process Evaluat or. Sizing select ion is a
mechanism t hat let s you pre- define and/ or define sizing rules for
proj ect component s. Specifically, you can set rules on
equipment models or specific proj ect component s t o be sized
wit h one or more cust om models.
Pr oj ect Si zi ng Sel ect i on
Typically, you load dat a from a simulat ion and t hen choose t o
map t he simulat or unit operat ions. I n t he mapping screen t hat
appears, t here is a check box t o Revi ew Si zi ng Sel ect i on. I f
select ed ( t he default is based on t he Tool s | Opt i ons |
Pr ef er ences | Pr ocess | Si zi ng sel ect i on on t he i t em- si ze
menu) , t he sizing select ion appears.
You select any cust om model for sizing t he proj ect component s
list ed.
I f an it em is select ed, t he sizing preview screen appears
during a si ze or r e- si ze performed on one or more proj ect
component ( s) .
268 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
I f an it em is not select ed, t he mapping preview screen does
not appear for edit ing during t hese st eps, but t he sizing
select ion specificat ions is applied t o t he select ed proj ect
component ( s) .

Fi gur e 13: Mappi ng w i t h opt i on t o r evi ew si zi ng sel ect i on
I f select ed, you will see t he Si zi ng Sel ect i on preview aft er t he
mapping preview screen for a chance t o edit how t he proj ect
component s are sized ( see Figure 14) .

Fi gur e 14: Si zi ng Sel ect i on pr evi ew f or speci f i ed pr oj ect component s
You can specify t he sizing rout ines ( Syst em Sizing and cust om
models) for each proj ect component ( creat ed by mapping from a
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 269
simulat or or manual creat ion) t hat will be applied during t he
si ze- al l st ep.
I f a cust om model is specified in t he current sizing list for a
proj ect component , t he proj ect component will be sized in t he
order shown in t he Current Sizing List ( see Figure 14) . Any
cust om models list ed will be sized using t he cust om model t ool
aut omat ically wit hout any user- int eract ion required. Aft er sizing
is complet e, t he syst em ret urns t o a ready- st at e for you t o
perform addit ional proj ect t asks.
For Global Sizing Select ion informat ion, see page 334.
Speci f y i ng Addi t i onal
Component s
I carus proj ect component s can be added t o areas mapped from
a simulat or report . However, t hese proj ect component s must
init ially be added in a user- added area. You can lat er rearrange
t he component s in Proj ect Explorers Proj ect view, drag
component s from a user- added area t o an area mapped from t he
simulat or report .
Follow t he inst ruct ions for adding a proj ect component on page
286.
I f t he component you add is process equipment , Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer adds an icon represent ing t he new equipment
it em in t he upper left - hand corner of t he Process Flow Diagram
( PFD) . The next sect ion, Working wit h Process Flow Diagrams,
includes inst ruct ions ( under Edit ing Connect ivit y on page 274)
for connect ing an added component t o a st ream in PFD view.
Wor k i ng w i t h Pr ocess Fl ow
Di agr ams
Process Flow Diagrams ( PFD) provide graphical represent at ions
of I carus process equipment mapped from simulat or blocks and
t he int erconnect ing st reams. You can edit t he layout and
connect ivit y of t he mapped it ems from PFD view. You can also
add st reams. Aspen Process Economic Analyzer provides
int elligent port select ion, so t hat when drawing a st ream you see
270 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
t he candidat e port s highlight ed in green as t he mouse is moved
over t hem.
To access PFD vi ew :
1 On t he Vi ew menu, click Pr ocess Fl ow Di agr am.

2 Use t he Dr ag- and- Fi nd feat ure t o locat e any equipment it em
on t he PFD.
3 Drag an equipment it em from Proj ect Explorer ( Pr oj ect view)
and drop it on t he PFD.
The icon in t he PFD t hat corresponds t o t he select ed equipment
will be posit ioned in t he upper left - hand corner ( regardless of
magnificat ion) .
Edi t i ng t he Lay out
To change t he posi t i on of an i t em:
Use your mouse t o drag t he it em t o it s new posit ion.
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer rerout es any st reams
connect ed t o t he it em.
To change t he r out e of a st r eam:
Click t he st ream; t hen drag t he st ream t o st raight en it or t o
creat e an elbow- bend.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 271
Not e: I f you event ually select Rer out e Al l St r eams on t he Run
menu, Aspen Process Economic Analyzer chooses t he most
logical rout es for all st reams.
Pr ocess Fl ow Di agr am Vi ew Menu
Not e: The Vi ew menu cont ains some opt ions t hat are displayed
only when t he Block Flow Diagram is act ive.


Use t hi s t o
Toolbar View or hide t he t oolbar. See
page 41 for descript ions of t oolbar
but t ons.
St at us Bar View or hide t he st at us bar. See
page 28 for a descript ion of t he
st at us bar.
Proj ect Explorer View or hide Proj ect Explorer. See
page 29 for a descript ion of
Proj ect Explorer.
272 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
Palet t e View or hide t he Palet t e. See
page 35 for a descript ion of t he
Palet t e.
Propert ies Window View or hide t he Pr oper t i es
window. See page 38 for a
descript ion of t he Pr oper t i es
window.
Workbook Mode Turn Wor k book Mode on and
off. See page 31 for an
explanat ion of Workbook Mode.
Capit al Cost s View Launch Aspen I carus Report er for
int eract ive report s ( on- scr een,
HTML, or Excel) or I carus Edit or
for evaluat ion report s ( .ccp) . The
Proj ect Evaluat ion needs t o have
already been run. See page 574
and page 564 for det ails.
I nvest ment Analysis View Display I nvest ment Anal y si s
spreadsheet s. See Revi ew i ng
I nvest ment Anal y si s on page
605 for inst ruct ions.
Block Flow Diagram Display Bl ock Fl ow Di agr am of
t he loaded simulat or dat a.
Process Flow Diagram Display Pr ocess Fl ow Di agr am.
This command is not act ive unt il
you have mapped t he simulat or
it ems.
St reams List Display a read- only list of all
simulat or- derived st ream
propert ies in a spreadsheet . You
can cust omize some of t he
feat ures of t he spreadsheet
( which st ream propert ies t o
display, whet her t o display names
of t he proper t ies, and t he display
st yle of t he propert y values) by
edit ing t he st ream list t emplat e
file:
. . . \ Economic Evaluat ion
V7. 1\ Dat a\ I CS\ st rlist . fil
Grid Set t ings Access Gr i d Pr oper t i es dialog
box, where you can set t he grid
increment s and select t o view or
hide grid lines.
Snap t o Grid Move blocks in increment s
corresponding t o t he grid lines
when dragging t o new locat ion.
Show Page Bounds View or hide page separat ion
lines. When displayed, you can
see where page breaks will be
when print ing.
Port s Visible View or hide port s.
Zoom Access Zoom t ool. This is t he
same as in t he Bl ock Fl ow
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 273
Di agr am ( see page 246) .
Add St ream Access t he Devel op St r eams
dialog box. See Addi ng A
St r eam, page 276, for det ails.
Draw Disconnect ed St ream Access t he Disconnect ed St reams
dialog box. See Drawing a
Disconnect ed St ream, page 279,
for det ails.
Edit Connect ivit y
Act ivat e t he Edit Connect ivit y
feat ure. See Edit ing
Connect ivit y, page 274, for
det ails.

Set t i ng Gr i d Pr oper t i es
You can select t o display grids of any increment s. I n addit ion,
you can select t he color of t he grids and whet her t o be in Snap
t o Gr i d mode.
To set gr i d pr oper t i es:
1 On t he Vi ew menu, click Gr i d Set t i ngs.
The Gr i d Pr oper t i es dialog box appears.

2 Set t he Acr oss and Dow n grid increment s in t he
I ncr ement s sect ion. Specify in t he Uni t s sect ion whet her
t he specified increment s are in inches or cent imet ers.
3 Select t he Snap t o Gr i d check box t o t urn on Snap t o Gr i d
mode. When you drag a block in t his mode, t he blocks
bounding out line moves in increment s corresponding t o t he
grid.
4 Click Col or t o select a grid color.
5 Finally, in t he Vi si bi l i t y sect ion, click whet her t o show or hide
t he grid.
274 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
6 Click OK t o apply t he set t ings.
Edi t i ng Connect i vi t y
The Edi t Connect i v i t y feat ure let s you make changes t o t he
layout of it ems in t he PFD. Because t his involves connect ing and
disconnect ing st reams t o port s, t he Por t s Vi si bl e opt ion should
be on, as it is by default .
I f t he port s are not visible, click t he Por t s Vi si bl e but t on .
Connect i ng a St r eam t o Di f f er ent I nl et Por t
To connect a st r eam t o a di f f er ent i nl et por t :
1 Do one of t he following:
On t he t oolbar, click t he Edi t Connect i vi t y but t on
- or -
On t he Vi ew menu, click Edi t Connect i vi t y .
2 Place t he cursor over t he end of t he st ream you want t o
connect t o a different inlet port .
The cursor becomes an arrow.

3 Click t he end of t he st ream.
The cursor now appears as a crosshairs.
4 Move t he cursor t o anot her inlet port .
When t he cursor is in close proximit y t o a component , t he
component ' s available inlet port s display green.
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 275

5 Click t he new inlet port .
Connect i ng an Added Pr oj ect Component t o a
St r eam
Proj ect component s t hat you add t o t he proj ect appear in t he
upper left - hand corner of t he PFD and are not connect ed t o any
st reams.
To connect an added pr oj ect component t o a st r eam:
1 Do one of t he following:
On t he t oolbar, click t he Edi t Connect i vi t y but t on
- or -
On t he Vi ew menu, click Edi t Connect i vi t y .
2 Place t he cursor over t he added proj ect component t hat you
wish t o insert int o an exist ing st ream.
The cursor becomes a hand.

3 Click t he component .
A bounding out line, represent ing t he component , appears around
t he cursor.
276 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a

4 Move t he cursor over a st ream. Click when you have placed
t he cursor over t he desired st ream.
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer disconnect s t he Si nk end of
t he st ream from t he inlet port on t he current component , t hen
aut omat ically re- connect s it t o t he inlet port on t he insert ed
component .
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer also creat es a new st ream,
which appears whit e and has propert ies relat ive t o t he init ial
st ream. Aspen Process Economic Analyzer connect s t he Sour ce
end of t his new st ream t o t he out let port of t he insert ed it em
and t he Sink and t o t he inlet port of t he original.

The added it em can now be sized manually or using t he Si ze
I t em opt ion, which eit her aut omat ically sizes t he it em or, if
int eract ive sizing is available, accesses t he Sizing Expert . The
Sizing Expert , explained in Chapt er 6, will ut ilize t he newly
connect ed st reams.
Addi ng a St r eam
From PFD view, you can creat e a new st ream and specify it s
connect ivit y. The process of developing st reams is explained in
det ail under Developing St reams, page 201.
To add a st r eam:
1 Do one of t he following:
3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 277
On t he t oolbar, click t he Add St r eam but t on .
- or -
On t he Vi ew menu, click Add St r eam.
The Devel op St r eams dialog box appears.

2 Do one of t he following:
To creat e a st ream from scrat ch, click Cr eat e and proceed
t o St ep 3.
- or -
To creat e a st ream based on an exist ing st ream, in t he
Base St ream sect ion, click t he exist ing st ream; and t hen
click a Basis:
o Absol ut e I f t he Basi s Mode is Absol ut e, t he dat a
from t he base st ream is copied t o t he new st ream at
t he t ime t he new st ream is creat ed. I f t he dat a of t he
base st ream is alt ered at any t ime aft er t his point , t he
dat a of t he new st ream remains unchanged.
o Rel at i ve I f t he Basi s Mode is Rel at i ve, t he new
st reams dat a is dynamically linked t o t hat of t he
st ream on which it s based. This means t hat alt erat ions
t o t he dat a of t he base st ream immediat ely affect t he
new st ream.
3 Click Cr eat e.
278 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
The Cr eat e St r eam dialog box appears.

4 Type a name in t he St r eam Name field; t hen click OK.
The Devel op St r eams specificat ions dialog box appears.
5 Make any desired modificat ions; t hen click OK.
6 Move t he cursor, which appears as a square, t o an out let
port .
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer provides int elligent port
select ion, highlight ing t he candidat e port s in green.

7 Click when you have placed t he cursor over t he desired out let
port .
8 Move t he cursor, which now appears as crosshairs, t o an inlet
port .
9 Click when you have placed t he cursor over t he desired inlet
port .

3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a 279
Dr aw i ng a Di sconnect ed St r eam
To dr aw a di sconnect ed st r eam:
1 Do one of t he following:
On t he t oolbar, click t he Dr aw Di sconnect ed St r eam
but t on .
- or -
On t he Vi ew menu, click Dr aw Di sconnect ed St r eam.
The Di sconnect ed St r eams dialog box appears.

2 Click a st ream; t hen click OK.
3 Draw t he st ream as described in t he previous inst ruct ions for
Addi ng a St r eam.
Wor k i ng w i t h St r eams
Right - clicking on a st ream accesses a pop- up menu wit h t he
following commands.


Use t hi s t o
Modify Access t he Develop St ream dialog box list ing t he st reams
280 3 Loadi ng and Mappi ng Si mul at i on Dat a
specificat ions, which you can modify.
Disconnect Erase t he st r eam from t he screen and st ore it , so t hat you
can select it when using t he Draw Disconnect ed St r eam
feat ure ( see page 279) .
Reconnect Source Reconnect t he st ream t o a new out let port .
Reconnect Sink Reconnect t he st ream t o a new inlet port .
Delet e Delet e t he st ream.



4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 281
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups,
Ar eas, and Pr oj ect
Component s
When developing a Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect , you
can add proj ect component s t o areas in Proj ect Explorers Proj ect
view. Proj ect component s are t he pieces of t he process plant ( or
mill) t hat , when linked t oget her, complet e a process.
Component s are cat egorized as follows:
Not e: See I carus Reference for informat ion on individual
component s.
Cat egor y To def i ne
Process Equipment Equipment for gas, liquids and solids handling and
off- sit e/ packaged syst ems.
Plant Bulks Mat erial commodit ies t hat service a sect ion of t he plant or
t he whole plant . Plant bulks are divided int o cat egories:
Piping, Civil, St eel, I nst rument at ion, Elect rical, I nsulat ion
and Paint .
Sit e Development Modificat ions t hat must be done t o t he sit e. Sit e
development it ems are divided int o cat egories: Demolit ion,
Drainage, Eart hwork, Fencing, Landscaping,
Roads- Slabs- Paving, Piling and Railroads.
Buildings Civil st ruct ures direct ly involved in t he process or for
off- sit e use.
Quot ed Equipment A way t o ent er special equipment not found in Process
Equipment above.
Unit Cost Library I t ems from a Unit Cost Library. See Chapt er 7.
Equipment Model Library I t ems from an Equipment Model Library. See Chapt er 7.
282 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
Addi ng a Repor t Gr oup
Areas in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or are divided int o report
groups. Some report s summarize cost s by report group. A report
group is a user- defined cat egory t hat can cont ain any number of
areas.
Not e: Show Repor t Gr oup i n Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
must be marked in Preferences, Gener al t ab view, t o see report
groups displayed in Proj ect Explorer. This Preferences opt ion is
marked by default . ( See page 51 for informat ion on
Preferences. )
New proj ect s include one default report group, wit h t he name
Main Area. You can rename t he report group by right - clicking
and clicking Rename Repor t Gr oup on t he pop- up menu.
To add a r epor t gr oup:
1 Right - click Mai n Pr oj ect and, on t he pop- up menu, click Add
Repor t Gr oup.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or adds a report group wit h t he
default name New Repor t Gr oup.
2 Right - click on New Repor t Gr oup and click Rename Repor t
Gr oup.
3 Type a name for t he report group and press ent er.
To del et e a r epor t gr oup:
Right - click t he report group; t hen click Del et e Repor t
Gr oup.
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 283
Addi ng an Ar ea
To add an ar ea:
1 I n Proj ect Explorers Proj ect view, right - click a Repor t Gr oup
folder; t hen click Add Ar ea on t he pop- up menu.

The Ar ea I nf or mat i on dialog box appears.

2 Define t he area, including name, t ype, and dimensions.
The area t ype det ermines t he default area specificat ions. For
example, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or generat es an open st eel
st ruct ure for t he area t ype OPEN, but does not generat e one for
t he area t ype EXOPEN. See page 36- 4 of I carus Reference for
det ails on which specificat ions Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
generat es for each area t ype.
You do not have t o use all t he default area specificat ions. The
following sect ion explains how t o define area specificat ions.
3 Click OK.
Proj ect Explorer now displays t he new area.
284 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
Copy i ng a Repor t Ar ea over
anot her Repor t Ar ea
To copy a Repor t Ar ea ov er anot her Repor t Ar ea:
1. Right - click on a Report Group ( for example, Bat t er y l i mi t ) .
2. Click Copy Al l .
3. Right - click t he report group you want t o replace.
4. Click Copy specs.
5. Right - click pr oj ect node.
6. Click Past e.
The t arget Report Area now cont ains t he same informat ion as
t he source Report Area.
Def i ni ng Ar ea Speci f i cat i ons
You can define mechanical design and cost basis specificat ions
for t he newly added area. You can define or modify area
specificat ions in t wo ways:
using t he Pr oj ect view
using t he Spr eadsheet view
Met hod 1: Def i ni ng ar ea speci f i cat i ons
usi ng Pr oj ect Vi ew
To def i ne ar ea speci f i cat i ons usi ng Pr oj ect vi ew :
1 Right - click on t he area in Proj ect Explorers Pr oj ect view and
t hen click Modi f y on t he pop- up menu.
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 285

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Ar ea Speci f i cat i ons
dialog box.

2 Select t he specificat ion cat egory you want t o define:
Sel ect To do t hi s
Area Tit le I nfo Change t he area t it le.
Area Equipment , Piping,
Civil, St eel,
I nst rument at ion,
Elect rical, I nsulat ion and
Paint
Define st andards and procedures applying t o t his area only.
Overrides specificat ions ent ered at t he proj ect level for t his
area only.
Area Specs Define areas t ype, dimensions, and average high/ low
ambient t emperat ures.
Area Modules Define module t ype ( default is SKI D: flat base st ruct ural
module) ; beam, column, and bracing opt ions; st ruct ure
cost s; shipping cost s; and impact loads.
Mat erial I ndex I nfo Adj ust areas syst em- generat ed mat er ial cost s by a
percent age. Overrides specificat ions ent ered at t he proj ect
level for t his area only.
Man Hour I ndex I nfo Adj ust areas syst em- generat ed man- hours by a
percent age. Overrides specificat ions ent ered at t he proj ect
level for t his area only.
3 Click Modi f y t o access t he select ed area specificat ions.
The Ar ea Equi pment Specs dialog box appears.
286 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s

4 Ent er area specificat ions and click OK.
Met hod 2: Def i ni ng ar ea speci f i cat i ons
usi ng Spr eadsheet Vi ew
To def i ne or modi f y ar ea speci f i cat i ons usi ng Spr eadsheet
vi ew :
1 On t he main menu bar, click Vi ew | Spr eadsheet Vi ew |
Ar eas.
The Ar eas spreadsheet view appears.
2 On t he Ar eas spreadsheet view, click Opt i ons.
3 On t he menu t hat appears, select t he specificat ion cat egory
you want t o define/ modify.
Sel ect To do t hi s
Area Tit le I nfo Change t he area t it le.
Area Equipment , Piping,
Civil, St eel,
I nst rument at ion,
Elect rical, I nsulat ion and
Paint
Define st andards and procedures applying t o t his area only.
Overrides specificat ions ent ered at t he proj ect level for t his
area only.
Area Specs Define areas t ype, dimensions, and average high/ low
ambient t emperat ures.
Area Modules Define module t ype ( default is SKI D: flat base st ruct ural
module) ; beam, column, and bracing opt ions; st ruct ure
cost s; shipping cost s; and impact loads.
Mat erial I ndex I nfo Adj ust areas syst em- generat ed mat er ial cost s by a
percent age. Overrides specificat ions ent ered at t he proj ect
level for t his area only.
Man Hour I ndex I nfo Adj ust areas syst em- generat ed man- hours by a
percent age. Overrides specificat ions ent ered at t he proj ect
level for t his area only.
4 On t he spreadsheet , make your modificat ions.
5 When you are sat isfied wit h your modificat ions, click Appl y .
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 287
6 Click OK.
Your modificat ions are made in t he proj ect .
Not e: You cannot use t his feat ure if a component specs form is
open t hat would let you edit dat a t hat would also be edit able in
t he spreadsheet view.
Addi ng and Def i ni ng Pi pel i ne
Ar eas
I f you select ed Al l ow Pi pel i ne Ar eas when creat ing t he proj ect
( see page 24) , t here will be a default report group wit h t he
name Pipeline Area. You can rename t he report group by
right - clicking and clicking Rename Repor t Gr oup on t he
pop- up menu. The default report group cont ains one area called
Pipeline Area.
To add a pi pel i ne ar ea:
1 Right - click on t he pipeline report group and click Add
Pi pel i ne Ar ea.

The Pi pel i ne Ar ea specificat ions form appears.

2 Select a pipeline t it le, fluid t ype ( oil, gas, or wat er; default is
oil) , main- line lengt h ( used for product ivit y adj ust ment in
288 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
various work it ems) , whet her t o have double- j oint ed piping
( default is double- j oint ed for pipe diamet er equal t o or
great er t han 20 I N [ 500 MM] ) , lengt h of delivered pipe
sect ion ( default is 80 FT [ 24 M] if double- j oint ed and 40 FT
[ 12 M] if not double- j oint ed) , and int ernal lining t ype ( fusion-
bonded epoxy, cement , or none; default is none) .
3 Click OK.
You can now add pipeline segment s t o t he area.
4 When adding a component ( explained in next sect ion) , click
Pl ant Bul k s | Pi pi ng. Pipeline segment s are at t he bot t om of
t he list of piping plant bulks.
To edi t a pi pel i ne ar ea:
Right - click t he pipeline area; t hen click Modi f y .
Addi ng a Pr oj ect Component
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides t wo met hods for adding a
proj ect component :
Drag- and- drop
Drag a component from t he Palet t e t o an area on Proj ect Explorers
Proj ect view and ent er an it em descript ion. This adds t he component t o
t he area wit hout displaying t he Component Specificat ions form; t he
specificat ions are left t o be ent ered at your convenience.
Pop- up menu
Right - click on an area and click Add Pr oj ect Component from t he
pop- up menu, t hen select a component from t he Pr oj ect Component
Sel ect i on dialog box and ent er an it em descript ion. This adds t he
component and also displays t he Component Specificat ions form, where
you can complet e t he component definit ion right away.
Met hod 1: Dr aggi ng a Component f r om t he
Pal et t e
To add a component usi ng t he dr ag- and- dr op met hod:
1 Wit h t he Palet t e ( Component s view) and Proj ect Explorer
( Pr oj ect view) displayed, drag a component from t he
component s list t o an area on t he Proj ect Explorer.
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 289

Not e: The Recent I t ems folder in t he Component s view
st ores t he last 10 proj ect component select ions.
2 To drag, click on t he component and hold down t he mouse
but t on, move t he cursor unt il over an area, and release t he
mouse but t on.

The New Component I nf or mat i on dialog box appears.

3 Ent er an it em descript ion ( required) and User Tag Number
( opt ional) , and t hen click OK.
The component is added. Proj ect Explorer displays a block for
t he component under t he select ed area. The List view displays
general informat ion. You may not ice a quest ion mark ( ?) in t he
St at us column on t he List view. This indicat es t hat t here are st ill
290 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
specificat ions t hat need t o be ent ered for t he component . To
ent er t he specificat ions, follow t he inst ruct ions under Ent ering
Component Specificat ions on page 291.
Met hod 2: Usi ng t he Pop- up Menu
To add a component usi ng t he pop- up menu:
1 I n Proj ect Explorer, Proj ect view, right - click on a
non- simulat or area and click Add Pr oj ect Component on
t he pop- up menu.

The Pr oj ect Component Sel ect i on dialog box appears.

4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 291
2 Ent er t he Proj ect Component Name.
3 Highlight t he cat egory t o which t he desired equipment
belongs ( process equipment , plant bulks, sit e development ,
buildings, quot ed equipment ) and click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays a list of sub- cat egories.
Cont inue t o narrow down t he select ion t o a specific component .
Then click OK.
The component is added t o t he area.
The Component Speci f i cat i ons form is aut omat ically
displayed. You can eit her complet e t he definit ion of t he
equipment it em now or lat er.
Ent er i ng Component
Speci f i cat i ons
Aft er adding a component , you st ill need t o ent er at least some
component specificat ions t o complet e t he component s
definit ion. Many component specificat ions have default values
used when no value is ent ered, but most component
specificat ions require furt her input . I f a component added st ill
has any specificat ions requiring input , a quest ion mark ( ?)
appears in t he st at us column of t he List view for t hat
component .
You do not have t o ent er specificat ions immediat ely upon adding
a component ; you may wish t o wait unt il more informat ion about
a proj ect becomes available.
As more informat ion about a proj ect becomes available, you may
also wish t o modify previously ent ered component specificat ions.
The following inst ruct ions apply as well t o modifying previously
ent ered specificat ions.
To ent er or modi f y component speci f i cat i ons:
1 I f t he Component Specificat ions form is not already displayed
in t he Main Window, display t he form by right - clicking on t he
component and clicking Modi f y I t em on t he pop- up menu.
You can right - click on t he component in eit her Proj ect
Explorer ( Proj ect view) or List view ( Area level)
Double- clicking on t he component will also display t he Specificat ions form.
292 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s

Col or codi ng
Red Border: An ent ry must be made in t he field. All
specificat ions forms have at least one required ent ry field.
Green Borders and Thick Gray Borders: An ent ry must be
made in eit her t he field wit h t he t hick gray border or in t he
t wo fields wit h t he green borders. The field wit h t he t hick gray
borders and t he fields wit h t he green borders are mut ually
exclusive. I n t he form pict ured t o t he right , eit her t he pump
size must be select ed or t he fluid head and liquid flow rat e
must be ent ered. The Propert ies Window not es t his in t he
Descript ion. Ent er t he specificat ions.
Not e: While on eit her t he component or inst allat ion bulks
specificat ions form, you can quickly det ermine t he net effect of
all your changes by clicking t he Evaluat e but t on and
reviewing t he result ing report . See page 630 for more
informat ion.
To define installation bulks for the component, click the Options drop-down and
select the type of bulks to define.

4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 293

See Defining I nst allat ion Bulks on page 293 for a complet e
descript ion of inst allat ion bulks.
2 Aft er defining t he component and inst allat ion bulks, save t he
specificat ions form by clicking OK.
Def i ni ng I nst al l at i on Bul k s
I nst allat ion bulks are it ems direct ly associat ed wit h t he
component being defined and are used t o complet e t he
inst allat ion of t he it em, for example, a foundat ion for a vessel.
The difference bet ween an inst allat ion bulk and a plant bulk is
t hat an inst allat ion bulk is associat ed wit h a component , whereas
a plant bulk services t he whole plant or mill.
I nst allat ion bulks may be defined when ent ering or modifying
equipment or plant bulk specificat ions.
To access i nst al l at i on bul k speci f i cat i ons:
1 Display t he Component Speci f i cat i ons form.
2 Click t he down- arrow on t he Opt i ons but t on.
294 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
Not e: An ast erisk ( * ) next t o an inst allat ion bulk indicat es t hat it
has been edit ed. On t he menu pict ured below, ast erisks indicat e
t hat t he Pi pe - I t em Det ai l s and Ci vi l inst allat ion bulks have
been edit ed.

3 Click t he t ype of inst allat ion bulks you wish t o view or define.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he specificat ions form for
t he select ed inst allat ion bulk it ems. See t he subsect ions t hat
follow for descript ions of t he different t ypes of inst allat ion bulks.
4 When you are done defining t he inst allat ion bulk, save your
changes in eit her of t wo ways, depending on what you int end
t o do next :
o I f you want t o cont inue modifying t his component s
inst allat ion bulks or component specificat ions, click
Appl y t o save t he changes. You can now select
eit her Pr oj ect Component or anot her t ype of
inst allat ion bulks from t he Opt i ons menu.
o I f you are done making changes t o t he inst allat ion
bulks and t o t he component specificat ions, click OK
t o save t he changes and close t he specificat ions
window.
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 295
Mat l / Man- hour s Adj ust ment s
Using Mat l/ Man- hours Adj ust ment s, you can specify percent
adj ust ment s of syst em- calculat ed values as follows:
Cat egor y Per cent adj ust ment f or
Equipment Mat erial cost ( COA 100- 299)
Set t ing Man- hours ( COA 100- 299)
Piping Mat erial cost s and/ or man- hours ( COA 300- 399)
Civil Mat erial cost s and/ or man- hours ( COA 400- 499)
St eel Mat erial cost s and/ or man- hours ( COA 500- 599)
I nst rument at ion Mat erial cost s and/ or man- hours ( COA 600- 699)
Elect rical Mat erial cost s and/ or man- hours ( COA 700- 799)
I nsulat ion Mat erial cost s and/ or man- hours ( COA 800- 899)
Paint Mat erial cost s and/ or man- hours. ( COA 900- 999)
These adj ust ment s compound mat erial and man- hour indexing
applied t o t he same COAs. User- ent ered mat erial cost s and
man- hours ( ent ered using eit her Quot ed Equipment or
Mat l/ Man- hours % Addit ions) are not affect ed by t hese
adj ust ment s.
The Special Opt ions sect ion at t he bot t om of t he Mat l/ Man- hour
Adj ust ment s form allows you specify t hat t he component is a
spare, supplied by owner, or exist ing. Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or adj ust s t he component cost s accordingly. I n addit ion,
t he Special Opt ions sect ion let s you select demolit ion ( t hat is, ,
dismant lement ) of t he component and it s inst allat ion bulks.
To demol i sh a component i t em:
1 Click Mat l / Man- hour s Adj ust ment s on t he Opt i ons menu
of t he Component Specificat ions form.
2 Scroll down t o t he Special Opt ions sect ion and, from t he
I nst al l at i on Opt i on scroll list , select DEML.
296 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s

For example, select ing t he demolit ion ( DEML) opt ion causes t he
following changes t o t he component :
Mat erial cost s are set t o zero.
Man- hours and labor cost s are charged t o demolit ion COAs
( for example, 109, 309, 409, and so on. )
Piping and civil man- hours are down- adj ust ed:
Shop fab man- hours are removed from piping man- hours.
Civil formwork/ bracing man- hours are removed.
3 Go back t hrough t he Mat l/ Man- hour Adj ust ment s form and
make t he proper adj ust ment s t o account for t he relat ive
difficult y of demolit ion versus new build.
For example, if you know unset t ing t he component is 15% easier
t han init ially set t ing it , t hen ent er 85% in t he Set t i ng l abor
adj ust ment field.
4 Save your changes in eit her of t wo ways, depending on what
you int end t o do next :
o I f you want t o cont inue modifying t his component s
inst allat ion bulk or component specificat ions, click
Appl y t o save t he changes t o t he Mat l/ Man- hour
Adj ust ment s. You can now select eit her Pr oj ect
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 297
Component or anot her inst allat ion bulk from t he
Opt i ons menu.
o I f you are done making changes t o t he inst allat ion
bulks and t o t he component specificat ions, click OK
t o save t he changes and close t he specificat ions
window.
Mat l / Man- hour s Addi t i ons
Using Mat l/ Man- hours Addit ions, you can add lump sum mat erial
cost s and/ or man- hours t o a specified COA. All addit ions are
report ed as is. Addit ions are neit her indexed nor adj ust ed by
Mat l/ Man- hours Adj ust ment s. Up t o 20 addit ions may be
def i ned per component .
Example: in t he Mat l/ Man- hour Addit ions form for t he CLAD
TECHNOCAL STORAGE TANK component , 20 labor hours have
been added t o COA 304 and 30 labor hours have been added t o
COA 604.

Pi pe Gener al Specs
Use Pi pe Gener al Specs t o define t he rules for developing all
inst allat ion piping on t he select ed component . You can use many
fields t o define general piping specificat ions, such as:
Mat erial
Pressure
Temperat ure
I nst allat ion - above or below grade
Fluid or elect ric t racing
Flange class and t ype
St ress relief
298 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
I nsulat ion t ype
I nsulat ion j acket t ype
Paint t reat ment
Not e: I n Aspen Kbase Version 2004. 2, under Gener al Pi pi ng
specs, t here was a field called f i t t i ng spec f i l ename t o use t o
select t he fit t ing spec filename t o use for t he proj ect .
I n newer Kbase and Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or versions, t he
fit t ing specificat ion is moved a Cust omer Ext ernal file.
To access t hi s f i l e:
1 Right - click t he Fi t t i ng ext ernal file.
2 Click Sel ect .
A select ion dialog box appears in which you can select which
ext ernal fit t ing specs file t o use.
Pi pe I t em Det ai l s
Use Pipe I t em Det ails t o specify individual runs of piping and
associat ed fit t ings, t racing, paint and insulat ion. The line is
developed using t he rules defined in Pipe General Specs unless
t hey are re- defined wit h Pipe I t em Det ails. Up t o 40 lines may
be defined/ adj ust ed for each component .
Not e: To reduce t he t ime required t o ret rieve dat a when
mult iple it ems have been added, select in Preferences t o not
display all it ems. I f Di spl ay P&I I nst al l at i on I t ems is
unmarked on t he Pr ef er ence dialog box ( Gener al t ab view) ,
select ing Pi pe I t em Det ai l s will display a dialog box from
which you can select t he it em you wish t o edit or select t o add a
new it em. See page 51 for inst ruct ions on ent ering Preferences.
The component st art s wit h piping depict ed in t he Piping and
I nst rument at ion Drawings manual. You can also display t he
component s piping and inst rument at ion drawing by clicking t he
P&I D but t on on t he Component Speci f i cat i ons form. I t
displays t he piping you are adj ust ing on t he Pipe Det ails
I nst allat ion Bulk form.
You can revise t he pipe volumet ric model for a component line-
by- line. Specificat ions on t he Pipe I t em Det ails I nst allat ion
Bulk form override t he proj ect , area- and component - level
specificat ions t hat ot herwise det ermine t he design of all lines of
pipe. For example, area dimensions det ermine t he lengt hs of
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 299
lines generat ed by volumet ric models, except t hose lines for
which you ent er a specific lengt h.

The Pi pi ng Vol umet r i c Model field offers t he following opt ions:
blank - Specified pipe only, no volume. model
This opt ion should rarely be used. I t is a rapid way t o discard
t he complet e piping model for t his it em; however, in addit ion
t o discarding all of t he aut omat ically generat ed lines of pipe,
t his also discards all t he associat ed drains/ vent s and pipe-
associat ed inst rument at ion. The syst em now generat es only
piping, drains/ vent s and on- / in- line inst rument at ion for t hose
lines t hat you subsequent ly define. Once you have used t his
opt ion, t he ot her opt ions below cannot be used because t he
model is already discarded. I f you subsequent ly re- creat e a
line t hat t he volumet ric model would have aut omat ically
creat ed, t he associat ed on- / in- line inst rument at ion is
aut omat ically re- creat ed.
A - Add line t o pipe volumet ric model
This opt ion is used t o add a new line of pipe t o a component .
The number of t he new line must be higher t han any ot her
aut omat ically creat ed or user- defined line. For example, if a
component generat es lines 1 t o 6, t hen an added line may
have t he number 7 t o 40. The area dimensions will have no
effect on t he lengt h of t hese lines. I t is not necessary t o add
300 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
line numbers in numeric order; however, t hey will be
generat ed and report ed in numeric order. To associat e
inst rument at ion wit h a new line, specify t hat a sensor or
cont rol element locat ion is t his line number. Line 40 is
reserved for drains/ vent s.
C - Change lines on pipe volumet ric model
This is a commonly used opt ion. I t is used t o modify
aut omat ically generat ed lines of pipe; user- specified lines are
not changed. The line is generat ed exact ly at it would have
been in t he absence of your specificat ions, except for t he
it ems which you change. You may use t his t o change only t he
met allurgy, diamet er or lengt h of a run, or only t he valves
and fit t ings ( including set t ing t he quant it y t o 0) or any
combinat ion of t hese.
D - Delet e line on pipe volumet ric model
This opt ion delet es a single line of aut omat ically generat ed
pipe and it s associat ed drains/ vent s and inst rument at ion.
R - Replace line on pipe volumet ric model
This opt ion replaces t he aut omat ically generat ed line
complet ely wit h t he exact line t hat you specify. I f you do not
define somet hing for t his line, you do not get it . For example,
if you specify a line of fixed lengt h cont aining no valves or
fit t ings, t hen you only get t he st raight - run of pipe.
To mak e mor e t han one speci f i cat i on f or Pi pe I t em
Det ai l s:
Click t he Add but t on .
This adds an it em specs column t o t his form.
To del et e any unw ant ed or unused col umn( s) :
1 Click any cell in t hat column ( or drag for a range of columns) .
2 Click t he Del et e but t on .
Not e: I ncomplet ely specified columns must be eit her complet ed
or delet ed before saving.
Duct
Duct inst allat ion bulk it ems specify individual runs of process
duct work and associat ed fit t ings and insulat ion. Up t o five duct
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 301
lines may be specified for each component . Use t he same
met hods described for mult iple lines of pipe.
Ci vi l
Civil inst allat ion bulk it ems specify bulk excavat ion and up t o
t hree different foundat ion t ypes/ sizes. The available foundat ion
t ypes are list ed in t he I carus Reference.
From t he specified foundat ion t ypes and volumes, Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or calculat es:
Excavat ion and backfill
Form work ( plywood/ backup lumber wit h reuse)
Rebar
Sand mat ( or ring wall foundat ion t ypes only)
Grout
Anchor bolt s/ embedment s
St eel
The St eel inst allat ion bulk specifies t he following:
Ladders
St airs
Plat forms
I n addit ion, up t o t hree different st eel it ems may be specified.
I nst r ument at i on
I nst rument inst allat ion bulk it ems specify individual
inst rument at ion loops or part s of loops wit h associat ed sensors,
t ransmit t ers and signal cabling. Up t o 50 loops may be defined
for each component .
Not e: To reduce t he t ime required t o ret rieve dat a when
mult iple inst rument it ems have been added, select in
Preferences t o not display all it ems. I f Di spl ay P&I
I nst al l at i on I t ems is unmarked on t he Pr ef er ence dialog box
( Gener al t ab view) , select ing I nst r ument at i on will display a
dialog box from which you can select t he it em you wish t o edit
or select t o add a new it em. See page 51 for inst ruct ions on
accessing and ent ering Preferences.
302 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
The component st art s wit h inst rument at ion depict ed in t he
Piping and I nst rument at ion Drawings manual. You can also
display t he component s piping and inst rument at ion drawing by
clicking t he P&I D but t on on t he Component
Speci f i cat i ons form. I t displays t he inst rument at ion you are
adj ust ing on t he I nst rument at ion I nst allat ion Bulk form.
You can revise t he inst rument volumet ric model for a component
loop- by- loop. Specificat ions ent ered on t he I nst rument at ion
I nst allat ion Bulk form override t he proj ect - , area- and
component - level specificat ions t hat ot herwise det ermine t he
design of all inst rument loops.

The I nst r ument Vol umet r i c Model field offers t he following
opt ions:
blank - Specified loop only, no volume. model
This opt ion should rarely be used; it is a rapid way t o discard
t he complet e inst rument model for t his it em. The syst em now
generat es inst rument at ion for t hose loops t hat you
subsequent ly define. To define new loops, you cont inue t o use
t his blank opt ion for each successive loop. Once you have
used t his opt ion, t he ot her opt ions below cannot be used
because t he model is already discarded.
A - Add loop t o inst r. volum. model
This opt ion is used t o add a new loop t o a component . The
number of t he new loop must be higher t han any ot her
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 303
aut omat ically creat ed or user- defined loop. I t is not necessary
t o add loop numbers in numeric order; however, t hey will be
generat ed and report ed in numeric order. For example, if a
component generat es loops 1 t o 6, t hen an added loop may
have t he number 7 t o 50.
D - Delet e loop on inst r. volum. model
This opt ion delet es a single loop, including sensor,
t ransmit t er, cable, cont rol cent er connect ions and final cont rol
element .
R - Replace loop on inst r. volum. model
This opt ion replaces t he aut omat ically generat ed loop
complet ely wit h t he exact loop t hat you specify. I f you do not
define somet hing for t his loop, or you select ively delet e a
part , you do not get it . For example, if you specify a sensor
and t ransmit t er only, t hen you only get t he signal generat ed
and sent t o t he cont rol cent er.
+ - Append t o previous loop w/ same no.
This opt ion is used t o append ext ra sensors or cont rol valves
t o t he immediat ely preceding, user- defined loop ( you must
also correct ly specify t he loop number of t he preceding loop) .
I t may not be used t o append it ems t o aut omat ically
generat ed loops; t o do t his, you should first use t he replace
opt ion t o redefine t he loop, t hen use t he + opt ion. Whet her
you are appending a sensor or cont rol element , you should
make ent ries for bot h t he sensor and cont rol valve locat ions.
To def i ne mor e t han one adj ust ment :
Use t he same met hods described earlier for Pipe I t em
Det ails ( page 300) .
I nst r ument Loop Adj ust ment
On t he I nst r ument at i on I nst al l at i on Bul k form, t here are
eight Loop Modi f i cat i on fields, which allow you t o remove
different element s of t he inst rument loop from t he proj ect .
Select - from t he drop- down menu t o remove an element .
Two of t he element s, sensor and cont rol valve, can also be
specified as quot ed ( Q ) or vendor- provided ( V ) equipment .
When eit her Q or V is select ed, t he syst em includes
inst allat ion manhours for t he element but not mat erial cost s.
304 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s

Delet ing t he process connect ion removes all of t he inst rument
piping.
The indicat ing signal and cont rol signal runs are report ed
t oget her, so removing one would decrease t he amount of cable
and support s by half.
The following diagram shows how t he eight adj ust able loop
element s fit int o t he loop design:
Not es:
( A) Junct ion boxes can be found under PLANT BULKS,
I NSTRUMENTATI ON, JUNC- BOX.
( B) Mult i- core runs can be found under PLANT BULKS,
I NSTRUMENTATI ON, ELECTRONI C SI GNAL WI RE. You can
specify it wit h or wit hout t he j unct ion box.
( C) Cont rol cent ers can be found under PLANT BULKS,
I NSTRUMENTATI ON, MULTI FUNCTI ON CONTROLLERS
( elect ronic) or PLANT BULKS, I NSTRUMENTATI ON, I NSTRUMENT
PANEL ANALOG ( pneumat ic) .

4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 305

El ect r i cal
The Elect rical inst allat ion bulk specifies local equipment light ing,
cont rol wiring and power/ cable and mot or st art ers for up t o
t hree different t ypes of elect rical loads.
I nsul at i on
The I nsulat ion inst allat ion bulk specifies insulat ion and
fireproofing for component and inst allat ion bulk st eel. For
component s, t he insulat ion t ype, j acket t ype, t hickness and area
may be specified. For component and st eel fireproofing, t ype,
rat ing and area may be specified.
Pai nt
The Paint inst allat ion bulk specifies surface preparat ion and
paint ing of component and inst allat ion bulk st eel. Paint for pipe
is specified under piping. Ent ry field specificat ions include:
Size of area t o be paint ed
Number of prime and final coat s
Percent of paint ed area t o be sandblast ed
Galvanizing ( for st eel)
306 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
I mpor t i ng Ar eas and
Component s
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you import ent ire areas or
individual component s from ot her proj ect scenarios. You can
select in Tool s| Opt i ons | Pr ef er ences | Pr ocess whet her t o
also include inst allat ion bulks and/ or connect ed st reams ( see
Chapt er 1. Get t ing St art ed. Preferences. Process) . By default ,
inst allat ion bulks are included and connect ed st reams are not .
To i mpor t an ar ea or component :
1 I n t he Palet t es Proj ect s view, double click on t he proj ect
scenario from which you wish t o import .
This displays t he proj ect areas in t he scenario.
2 Expand an area folder t o display t he component s in it .

To import a component :
o Drag t he component t o t he desired area in Proj ect
Explorer, Proj ect view.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or adds t he component t o
t he area.
To import an area and it s component s:
o Drag t he area t o Main Proj ect in Proj ect Explorer.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or adds t he area and it s
component s.
To import all t he component s in an area t o an exist ing area in
t he current proj ect scenario:
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 307
o Drag t he area from t he Palet t e t o t he desired area in
Proj ect Explorer.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or adds t he component s t o t he
area wit hout creat ing a new area.
I mpor t i ng an Ent i r e Scenar i o
As well as allowing you t o import individual areas or
component s, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you import an
ent ire scenario using a drag- and- drop operat ion. This import s all
t he areas and component s in t he select ed scenario. You can
select in Tool s | Opt i ons | Pr ef er ences | Pr ocess whet her t o
also include inst allat ion bulks and/ or connect ed st reams ( see
Chapt er 1. Get t ing St art ed. Preferences. Process) . By default ,
inst allat ion bulks are included and connect ed st reams are not .
To i mpor t an ent i r e scenar i o:
1 Have Proj ect Explorers Proj ect view open, since you will drag
t he scenario t here.
2 Click on t he scenario in t he Palet t es Proj ect s view.

3 Drag t he scenario from t he Palet t e t o Proj ect Explorers
Proj ect view.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays a confirmat ion window.
Not e: You can only import scenarios t hat have t he same unit s of
measure as t he current scenario. I f t he unit s of measure are not
t he same, a dialog box will inform you of t his when you t ry t o
import .
308 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s

4 Click Yes.
The areas and component s of t he select ed scenario are
import ed.
Copy i ng Component s
The Copy command copies a select ed component and all of it s
associat ed inst allat ion bulks. This is useful if you want t o add a
component t hat is similar t o an exist ing it em. The it em can be
copied and modified wit h less effort t han creat ing a new it em.
Remember t o change t he I t em Descript ion when copying
component s t o dist inguish t he copy from t he original.
To copy and past e a component :
1 Right - click t he component in eit her Proj ect Explorer or t he
Li st window ( at area level, so t hat component s are list ed) ,
and t hen click Copy on t he pop- up menu.
You can also copy mult iple component s at once: select t he
desired component s on t he list window, right - click on one of t he
component s, and click Copy on t he pop- up menu.
2 Right - click on t he area t o which you want t o add t he
component ( s) and click Past e on t he pop- up menu.
The component is added t o t he area.
Not e: I f t he area cont ains a component wit h t he same name as
t he one being past ed, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or changes t he
new component s name so t hat # 1# appears at t he
beginning.
Cut and Past e
I f you want t o delet e ( cut ) a component from one area and add
( past e) it in anot her area, use t he same procedure as above,
except click Cut inst ead of Copy on t he pop- up menu.
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 309
Dr ag and Dr op
You can also move a component from one area t o anot her by
dragging it .
Modi f y i ng Component s
You can modify t he following component s using Spr eadsheet
View:
Vessels
Towers
Heat Exchangers
Pumps
To modi f y a component usi ng Spr eadsheet Vi ew :
1 On t he main menu bar, click Vi ew | Spr eadsheet Vi ew |
< t he t ype of component t o modi f y > .
The < t he t y pe of component t o modi f y > spreadsheet view
appears.
2 On t he < t he t y pe of component t o modi f y> spreadsheet
view, click Opt i ons.
3 On t he menu t hat appears, click t he opt ion you want t o
modify.
4 On t he spreadsheet , make your modificat ions.
5 When you are sat isfied wit h your modificat ions, click Appl y .
6 Click OK.
Your modificat ions are made in t he proj ect .
Not e: You cannot use t his feat ure if a component specs form is
open t hat would let you edit dat a t hat would also be edit able in
t he spreadsheet view.
Copy i ng Ar eas
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or' s Area Cut - and- Past e operat ions let
you:
Creat e a new Report Group wit h t he same Area and
Component s as an exist ing Report Group
310 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
Replace an Area and it s component s wit h anot her Area and it s
component s
To cr eat e a new Repor t Gr oup w i t h t he same Ar ea and
Component s as an ex i st i ng Repor t Gr oup:
1 On t he Pr oj ect Vi ew t ab, right click Mai n Pr oj ect .
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Add Repor t Gr oup.
A Report Group named New Repor t Gr oup appears on t he t ree.
3 Right - click New Repor t Gr oup; t hen click Rename Repor t
Gr oup.
4 Type t he new name for t he Report Group; t hen click ENTER.
5 Right - click t he area you want t o copy t o t he new Report
Group.
6 On t he menu t hat appears, click Copy Specs.
7 Right - click t he new Report Group.
8 On t he menu t hat appears, click Past e.
The area and it s component s are copied int o t he new Report
Group.
To r epl ace an Ar ea and Component s w i t h anot her Ar ea
and Component s:
1 On t he Pr oj ect Vi ew t ab, right - click t he area you want t o
copy.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Copy Specs.
3 Right - click t he area you want t o overwrit e wit h t he copied
area informat ion.
4 On t he menu t hat appears, click Past e.
5 A warning message appears, t elling you t hat performing t his
act ion may overwrit e some dat a. I f you are sure you want t o
overwrit e t he area wit h t he copied area informat ion, click
Yes.
The t arget Area and it s component s are replaced wit h t he dat a
from t he source Area and t he source Area' s component s.
Del et i ng Component s
The Del et e command removes a component and all associat ed
inst allat ion bulks from t he proj ect .
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 311
To del et e a component :
1 Right - click on t he component in eit her Proj ect Explorer or t he
List view and click Del et e on t he pop- up menu.
A confirmat ion dialog box appears.

Not e: You can select in Preferences not t o have t his prompt
appear ( see page 51) .
2 Click Yes t o delet e t he component or click No t o ret ain t he
component .
You can also delet e mult iple component s at one t ime: select t he
component s on t he list window, right - click on one of t he
component s, and click Del et e on t he pop- up menu.
Re- number i ng Component s
Aft er delet ing component s, you may wish t o re- number t he
remaining component s so t hat t he numbering cont ains no gaps
and reflect s t he order in which component s were added.
For example, if you add component s A, B, C, D, and E in t hat
order, t he aut omat ically generat ed Order Numbers would be 1,
2, 3, 4, 5, respect ively ( t he Order Number appears on t he List
view) . I f you t hen delet e component s B and C and re- number,
component s A, D, and E would have Order Numbers 1, 2, 3,
respect ively. The order in which t hey were creat ed would st ill
det ermine t he Order Numbers.
To r e- number component s:
1 On t he Run menu, click Re- number .
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Pr oj ect Component s.
Del et i ng Ar eas
The Del et e Ar ea command removes t he select ed area and all of
it s component s.
312 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
To del et e an ar ea:
1. Right-click on the area in Project Explorer and click Delete Area on the
pop-up menu.
A confirmat ion dialog box appears.

Not e: You can select in Preferences not t o have t his prompt
appear ( see page 51) .
3 Click Yes t o delet e t he area.
- or -
Click No t o ret ain t he area.
Re- number i ng Ar eas
Areas have reference numbers t hat are int ernally st ored and
t hen used by t he Evaluat ion Engine. They are not visible in t he
current version of Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. Just as wit h
component s, re- numbering is int ended t o close gaps in t he
numbering aft er delet ion.
To r e- number ar eas:
1 On t he Run menu, click Re- number .
2 On t he sub- menu t hat appears, . click Pr oj ect Ar eas.
Usi ng t he Cust om Model Tool
Aspen Process Economic Analyzers Cust om Model t ool let s you
base component specificat ions on formulas or fixed dat a st ored
in Excel. Use t he t ool t o send a component s specificat ion values,
connect ion st ream values, and specified bulk informat ion ( pipe-
it em det ails, mat erial and man- hour adj ust ment s) t o an Aspen-
designed Excel workbook, where you can ent er new specificat ion
values based on your own dat a or formulas. Then, use t he t ool
t o send t he new dat a back t o Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
For inst ance, you could use t he Cust om Model t ool t o calculat e a
pump driver power based on a flow rat e and pump head or t o
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 313
calculat e proj ect component cost s using your own cust om
met hod in Excel.
The specificat ions rules remain st ored in Excel, so t hat you can
change t he specificat ions in Aspen Process Economic Analyzer
and t hen revert back t o t he Excel specificat ions by re- running
t he t ool ( if t he values are fixed) . Once t he t ool has been used
wit h a proj ect component , Aspen Process Economic Analyzer
associat es t he cust omized proj ect component wit h t he last Excel
spreadsheet used. Running t he t ool at t he proj ect level updat es
all component s for which t he t ool has already been run.
The t ool provides t emplat e files for mixers and pumps, as well as
a general t emplat e t o use as t he st art ing point for creat ing files
for ot her component s. However, for component s ot her t han
pumps and mixers, you must first copy t he general t emplat e file
( or use Sav e As) and ent er t he slot names for t he component
specificat ions you wish t o input , as explained below.
To use t he Cust om Model t ool on a pr oj ect component :
Not e: Before using t his t ool, you must select t he Act i vat e
Cust om Model opt ion on t he Pr ocess t ab in Pr ef er ences. See
page 51 for informat ion on accessing Preferences.
1 I n Proj ect Explorer, Pr oj ect view, right - click t he pump or
mixer component t hat you wish t o cust omize.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Cust om Model .

314 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
The User Cust om Model dialog box appears. I t displays t he
name of t he proj ect , scenario, and proj ect component select ed
for t he operat ion. I t also displays available Microsoft Excel ( . x l s)
t emplat e files.

3 Click t he Excel t emplat e file t hat you have creat ed for t he
select ed proj ect component .
4 Click Run.
Excel displays t he workbook, wit h t abs for:
I nput
Cust om Rules
Out put
The I nput worksheet displays t he original I carus syst em values
from Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
I t em informat ion is provided at t he t op of t he worksheet . The
it em informat ion is from t he Component Speci f i cat i ons
form.
St ream informat ion, if available, is shown t oward t he bot t om.
Below t he st ream informat ion is informat ion on t he
inst allat ion bulks for Mat erial and Man- hour Adj ust ment s and
Pipe I t em Det ail.
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 315

The Cust om Rul es worksheet is provided for st oring any dat a
t hat you may wish t o use in t he out put formulas.

I nput specs have been placed on t he Cust om Rul es along wit h
sample alt erat ions for t he following:
Mixer wit h t hree inlet st reams and one exit st ream
Pump wit h connect ion st reams, mat erial and man- hour
adj ust ment s
Pipe it em det ails
The Out put worksheet displays t he same component
specificat ion slot s as on t he I nput worksheet . However, you can
cust omize t he values on t he Out put worksheet .
316 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s

The values are in t he same column- row posit ion as on t he I nput
worksheet , so t hat you can easily reference t he I nput dat a
when ent ering formulas.
You send t he ent ries on t he Out put worksheet t o Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer by clicking Appl y or OK on t he Cust om
Model t ool.
The following include cust omized values based on t he sample
alt erat ions on t he Cust om Rul es worksheet :
Mixer wit h t hree inlet st reams and one exit st ream
Pump wit h connect ion st reams, mat erial and man- hour
adj ust ment s
Pipe it em det ails
These cust omizat ions have been ent ered solely for example
purposes.
5 Ent er new specificat ions on t he Out put worksheet . For
example, if you want t o double t he I nput flow rat e value
provided on Row 10, Column C, ent er t he following formula:
=Input!C10*2
6 Go t o t he Cust om Model t ool; t hen click OK t o send t he
out put t o Aspen Process Economic Analyzer and close t he
t ool.
When you display t he specificat ions form of t he component , you
will see t he values from t he Out put worksheet .
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 317
Cr eat i ng a Templ at e
To cr eat e a t empl at e f or a component :
1 Open Gener al Model Templ at e.x l s; t hen save it as anot her
file. The folder in which you st ore Cust om Model files is
specified on t he Locat i ons t ab in Pr ef er ences
( API Cust omModel Di r ) . The default is:
AspenTech\ Economic Evaluation V7.1\Program\API Custom
Models
2 St art ing on Row 6, Column B for it em informat ion, ent er t he
slot names for t he specificat ions t hat you want t o have sent
from Aspen Process Economic Analyzer when t he file is run for
a component .

Slot names for every equipment and plant bulk it em are
provided in I carus Technology Obj ect Definit ions ( API .pdf ) . For
example, t o have t he t ool send Shel l Desi gn Temper at ur e t o
Excel when t he file is run for Fi x ed Tube Heat Ex changer s,
you would need t o ent er CPDesi gnTemper at ur eShel l .
3 For connect ion st ream informat ion, ent er slot names st art ing
on Row 43, Column B.
4 For mat erial and man- hour adj ust ment s, ent er slot names
st art ing on row 70, column B.
5 For t he pipe- it em det ails, ent er slot names st art ing on row
101, column B.
318 4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s
Runni ng t he Cust om Model Tool at
Pr oj ect - Lev el f or Bat ch Updat e
The bat ch updat e process for t he Cust om Model can be done one
of t wo ways.
The first met hod is for a bat ch updat e of cust om model
operat ions performed on proj ect component s t hat are already
linked t o a cust om model t emplat e.
The second met hod is for a bat ch updat e of all select ed
component s.
Aft er using t he Cust om Model t ool for any number of
component s, you can cont inue t o experiment wit h different
specificat ions and easily revert back t o t he cust om specificat ions
by running t he t ool at t he proj ect level. Simply right - click Mai n
Pr oj ect or Pr oj ect Ar ea in Proj ect Explorers Pr oj ect view;
t hen click Cust om Model .
I f more t han one proj ect component has been select ed for t he
cust om model ( for example, mult i- select ion, area select ion,
proj ect select ion) , a message box will appear asking you t o
specify t he mode of operat ion.

I f you click Yes, you will be able t o specify a cust om model
t emplat e and all of t he select ed proj ect component s will be
processed wit h t he one chosen t emplat e.
I f you click No, only proj ect component s wit h a link t o a cust om
model t emplat e will be processed wit h t heir associat ed t emplat e.
4 Def i ni ng Repor t Gr oups, Ar eas, and Pr oj ect Component s 319

Not e: t he out put will be based on t he values in t he Out put
workbook in Excel. I f t he Out put workbook cont ains formulas
based on input , changes in input since originally running t he
Cust om Model will affect t he out put when t he Cust om Model is
re- run.
This re- runs all cust om models st ored in t he Cust om Model t ool.
320 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
Not e: Sizing is only available in Aspen Capital Cost Estimator if you are
licensed to use Aspen Icarus Process Evaluator (Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer) or Aspen Decision Analyzer and you select at
startup to use one of them in the Aspen Capital Cost Estimator
environment.
Over vi ew
Si zi ng f or Pr oj ect Component s Mapped
f r om Si mul at or I t ems
Operat ing condit ions for t he proj ect component s mapped from
simulat or models are obt ained from t he informat ion loaded int o
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or from t he simulat or report . Any
Design Dat a in t he simulat or report is also loaded and used
during sizing. The informat ion consist s of a unit operat ion model
and t he st reams connect ed t o it .
You can size a mapped proj ect component in eit her of t wo ways:
Right - click t he component in Proj ect Explorer and click Si ze
I t em on t he pop- up menu.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 321

Click t he Si ze but t on on t he Component Speci f i cat i ons
form:

I nt er act i v e Si zi ng Ex per t
For t he following component s, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
provides t he I nt eract ive Sizing form t hat let s you adj ust sizing
specificat ions. The I nt eract ive Sizing form appears when you size
t he component .
Heat Ex changer s DHE FI XED- T- S

DHE FLOAT- HEAD

DHE U- TUBE

DRB KETTLE

DRB THERMOSI PH

DRB U- TUBE

Compr essor s DCP CENTRI F

DCP GEN- SERV

DGC CENTRI F

DGC CENTRI F- I G

DGC RECI P- MOTR

EGC RECI P- GAS

DCP ANSI

DCP ANSI - PLAST

DCP API 610

DCP API 610- I L

DCP CANNED

DCP TURBI NE

DCP PULP STOCK

DCP NAG DRI VE

Pumps DCP ANSI
322 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s

DCP ANSI - PLAST

DCP API 610

DCP API 610- I L

DCP CANNED

DCP TURBI NE

DCP PULP STOCK

DCP NAG DRI VE

Vessel s DHT HORI Z- DRUM

DVT CYLI NDER

DVT SPHERE

DVT SPHEROI D

DVT STORAGE

I f int eract ive sizing is not available, Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
sizes t he it em aut omat ically using t he simulat or dat a.
Si zi ng f or Pr oj ect Component s Not Mapped
f r om Si mul at or I t ems
Proj ect component s not mapped from simulat or it ems can be
sized if t hey are connect ed t o st reams. See Creat ing St reams t o
Connect t o Component s on page 323 for inst ruct ions on
creat ing inlet and out let st reams. I f t he component is one of
t hose for which int eract ive sizing is available ( see list on page
339) , t he I nt eract ive Sizing form is displayed during sizing. See
Using t he I nt eract ive Sizing Form for inst ruct ions on
connect ing a component t o st reams during sizing.
I f sizing is not available for a component , t he Si ze opt ion is
unavailable.
Resi zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
I f t he process condit ions associat ed wit h a component change,
t hen use t he Re- Si ze command on t he proj ect component
pop- up menu t o updat e all equipment sizing informat ion.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 323

The Re- Si ze command will clear all t he previous sizing result s
and t hen size t he equipment based on t he current process
condit ions ( t hose t hat you have ent ered and t hose available from
t he current ly loaded simulat or file) . Therefore, if t he component
being re- sized is one of t hose for which int eract ive sizing is
available, t he I nt eract ive Sizing form t hat appears is blank.
I f you would like t o keep some of your component specificat ions
( t hat is, , not have t hem replaced by t hose calculat ed by t he
Sizing Expert ) , do not use t he Re- si ze command. I nst ead, use
t he Si ze command or t he Si ze but t on t o access t he I nt eract ive
Sizing form wit h current specificat ions ret ained, rat her t han
cleared. Then, clear all fields except t hose you want t o ret ain
and click OK t o execut e sizing. Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or will
re- calculat e only t he blank fields.
Cr eat i ng St r eams t o Connect t o
Equi pment I t ems
For most component s, t he int eract ive Sizing Expert requires
select ion of an inlet st ream ( t hat is, a st ream carrying fluid t o
t he equipment it em) and an out let st ream ( t hat is, a st ream
carrying fluid from t he equipment it em) .
The set of inst ruct ions below show how t o creat e st reams t o
connect t o an it em. I n t he example, inlet and out let st reams are
creat ed t o carry 49 DEF F wat er t o a heat exchanger and an
out let st ream is creat ed t o carry 200 DEG F wat er from t he heat
exchanger. I n t he example used in t he set of inst ruct ions
following t hese, a heat exchanger is sized t o heat wat er from 40
DEG F t o 200 DEG F, using t he st reams creat ed in t he first
examples.
324 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
To cr eat e an i nl et st r eam and an out l et st r eam:
1 I n Proj ect Explorers Pr oj ect Basi s view, right - click
St r eams; t hen click Edi t .

The Devel op St r eams dialog box appears.

2 On t he Dev el op St r eams dialog box, click t he Cr eat e t ab.
3 I n t he St r eams t ree st ruct ure, click User . Leave t he Basi s
as Absol ut e, since you are creat ing a complet ely new
process st ream.
4 Click Cr eat e.
The Cr eat e St r eam dialog box appears.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 325

5 On t he Cr eat e St r eam dialog box, ent er a st ream name,
such as Pr ocess- I N.
6 Click OK.
7 On t he Dev el op St r eam specificat ions form, specify:
o a primary fluid component
o t emperat ure
o pressure
o liquid mass flow
Example:
I n t he Pr i mar y Fl ui d Component field, click and click
Wat er .
I n t he Temper at ur e ( DEG F) field, ent er 40.
I n t he Pr essur e ( PSI A) field, ent er 90.
I n t he Li qui d Mass Fl ow ( LB/ H) field, ent er 50,000.
8 Click Appl y .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or fills in t he rest of t he fields in t he
Li qui d I nf or mat i on sect ion.
326 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s

9 Click OK t o ret urn t o t he Devel op St r eams dialog box,
where you now need t o creat e an out let st ream.
10 I n t he t ree st ruct ure, click User . Not ice t hat t he inlet st ream
t hat you j ust creat ed is now displayed under User .

11 Click t hat st ream and, in t he Basi s group, click Rel at i ve. The
new out let st ream will be based upon t he inlet st ream.
12 On t he Cr eat e St r eam dialog box, ent er a st ream name,
such as Pr ocess- OUT.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 327

13 Click OK.
The Devel op St r eam specificat ions form appears. Specificat ions
t hat appear gray are t he same as t hose of t he base st ream. Any
modificat ions made will appear black.

14 Ent er an out let st ream t emperat ure t hat corresponds t o
t emperat ure t o which t he heat exchanger will be heat ing t he
fluid. I n t he example above, t he t emperat ure has been
ent ered as 200 DEG F and t he pressure has been ent ered as
80 PSI A. The ot her specificat ions are t he same as t he base
st reams.
15 Click OK t o apply t he changes and ret urn t o t he Dev el op
St r eams dialog box, which you can now close.
328 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
Usi ng t he I nt er act i ve Si zi ng
For m
Wit h t he necessary st reams creat ed, you are ready t o perform
sizing.
To si ze an equi pment i t em:
1 Add an equipment it em for which int eract ive sizing is
available ( see list below) and display t he Component
Speci f i cat i ons form. I f you are following t he example, add a
float ing head shell and t ube exchanger. ( See page 286 for
inst ruct ions on adding component s. )

I t is not necessary t o ent er any values on t he specificat ions form
before st art ing t he Sizing Expert . However, all applicable sizing
paramet ers t hat are ent ered in t he component specificat ions
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 329
form will be carried over aut omat ically t o t he sizing expert and
used in calculat ions.
2 Click t he Si ze but t on.

The I nt eract ive Sizing form appears.
Not e: I n order for t he Sizing Expert t o run, you must select
process fluid st reams ( one at I nlet and one at Out let condit ions)
for at least one side ( hot or cold side) .
Any ot her dat a you provide ( for example, , Dut y, Overall heat
t ransfer coefficient , LMTD, and so on) helps t he Expert do it s j ob
bet t er, but is not necessary.

3 Click on t he Hot I nl et St r eam field and t hen click t o
access a drop- down list t hat includes all ut ilit y resources and
user- creat ed st reams.
Not e: fluid refers t o liquid or gas.
330 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
4 I f you are heat i ng a fluid, as in t he example, select a ut ilit y
resource t o use as t he heat ing source. The t ables on t he
following page provide definit ions of t he ut ilit y resources.
To heat a fluid from 40 DEG F t o 200 DEG F, as in t he
example, t he ut ilit y St eam @100PSI - Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer UTI LI TY is appropriat e.

- or -
I f you are cool i ng a fluid, select t he st ream carrying t he fluid
t o be cooled.
Ut i l i t y Resour ces
I f you specify a ut ilit y resource as a st ream, t he Sizing Expert
will est imat e t he act ual ut ilit y rat e required for t he heat t ransfer
and use t his rat e t o creat e ut ilit y st reams as t hough t hey were
user- specified. The ut ilit y st ream names are prefixed by I CU
and are present under t he Ut ilit y cat egory in t he Develop
St reams dialog box. These ut ilit y st reams differ from ut ilit y
resources in t hat t hey have an act ual flow rat e whereas a
resource is a reservoir t hat can provide ut ilit y st reams at any
required flow rat e.

Def aul t Ut i l i t y Resour ces Avai l abl e f or I - P Pr oj ect s
I nl et
t emper at ur e
( DEG F)
Ex i t
t emper at ur e
( DEG F)
Oper at i ng
Pr essur e
( PSI A)
Ut i l i t y
t y pe
St eam @100PSI 327 327 100 Heat
source
St eam @165PSI 363 363 165 Heat
source
St eam @400PSI 444 444 400 Heat
source
Low Temp Heat ing Oil 600 550 25 Heat
source
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 331
Def aul t Ut i l i t y Resour ces Avai l abl e f or I - P Pr oj ect s
I nl et
t emper at ur e
( DEG F)
Ex i t
t emper at ur e
( DEG F)
Oper at i ng
Pr essur e
( PSI A)
Ut i l i t y
t y pe
High Temp Heat ing Oil 725 675 25 Heat
source
Refrigerant Freon 12 - 21 - 21 15. 5 Heat sink
Refrigerant Et hylene - 150 - 150 15. 5 Heat sink
Refrigerant Et hane - 130 - 130 15. 5 Heat sink
Refrigerant
Propylene
- 50 - 50 15. 5 Heat sink
Refrigerant Propane -40 -40 15.5 Heat sink
Cooling Water 95 75 50 Heat sink

Def aul t Ut i l i t y Resour ces Avai l abl e f or METRI C Pr oj ect s
I nl et
t emper at ur e
( DEG C)
Ex i t
t emper at ur e
( DEG C)
Oper at i ng
Pr essur e
( KPA)
Ut i l i t y
t y pe
St eam @2760KPA 229. 2 229. 2 2760 Heat
source
St eam @1135KPA 184 184 1135 Heat
source
St eam @690KPA 164 164 690 Heat
source
Low Temp Heat ing Oil 315 287 2523 Heat
source
High Temp Heat ing Oil 385 357 2523 Heat
source
Refrigerant Freon 12 - 29. 8 - 29. 8 105 Heat sink
Refrigerant Et hylene - 101 - 101 105 Heat sink
Refrigerant Et hane - 90 - 90 105 Heat sink
Refrigerant
Propylene
- 45 - 45 105 Heat sink
Refrigerant Propane - 40 - 40 105 Heat sink
Cooling Wat er 35 24 105 Heat sink

332 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
5 Click on t he Hot Out l et St r eam field and t hen click t o
access t he drop- down list of ut ilit y resources and user- creat ed
st reams.
6 I f you are heat i ng a fluid, select again t he ut ilit y t o use as
t he heat ing source.
- or-
I f you are cool i ng a fluid, select t he st ream carrying t he
cooled fluid from t he exchanger.
7 Click on t he Col d I nl et St r eam field and t hen click t o
access t he drop- down list of ut ilit y resources and user- creat ed
st reams.
8 I f you are heat ing a fluid, select t he st ream carrying t he fluid
t o be heat ed.
9 A I f you are following t he example, select t he Process- I N
st ream t hat you creat ed in t he previous set of inst ruct ions
( see Creat ing St reams, pages 323 t hrough 327) .

B I f you are cooling a fluid, select a heat sink ut ilit y t o use as a
cooling medium.
Click on the Cold Outlet Stream field and then click to access the drop-down
list of utility resources and user-created streams.
I f you are heat ing a fluid, select t he st ream carrying t he heat ed
fluid from t he exchanger.
I f you are following t he
example, select t he Process- OUT
st ream t hat you creat ed in t he
previous set of inst ruct ions ( see
Creat ing St reams, pages 323
t hrough 327) .
I f you are cooling a fluid, select
again t he heat sink ut ilit y t o use as t he cooling medium.
Click Apply. Aspen Capital Cost Estimator fills in the other fields on the
Interactive Sizing form.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 333

Not e: result s are not t ransferred t o t he Component
Specificat ions form unt il you click OK and t he sizing is
successfully complet ed ( t hat is, , wit hout generat ing error
messages) .
10 Click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or provides a message informing you
of t he overdesign fact or.

11 Click OK t o accept t his message.
The values obt ained from I nt eract ive Sizing now appear on t he
Component Speci f i cat i ons form.
334 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s

12 Click OK t o save.
You can now run an it em evaluat ion and see t he values
generat ed by t he Sizing Expert in t he it em report .
Gl obal Si zi ng Sel ect i on
You can define and/ or select a sizing select ion library t o pre-
define t he sizing select ion for a proj ect scenario. For each t ype of
component , you can specify cust om models t hat will be applied
in t he sizing phase. These rules can also be modified on a
component - by- component basis when working on a specific
proj ect scenario. For example, if you want t o have all DCP
CENTRI F based equipment models wit hin a proj ect scenario
sized wit h a specific cust om model, you can edit or creat e a
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 335
Si zi ng Sel ect i on library ( see Figure 1) t o be used. These
libraries must be edit ed/ creat ed out side of a proj ect .


Fi gur e 1: Li br ar y t ab i n pal et t e
To edi t t he l i br ar y :
1 Double- click t he library name ( for example, my si zi ng) .
The Si zi ng Sel ect i on dialog box appears.
2 To view or edit t he sizing select ion, click on t he equipment
model. All equipment models default t o Syst em Sizing ( see
Figure 2) .
336 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s

Fi gur e 2: Si zi ng Sel ect i on di al og box
3 To add or remove a cust om model t o t he sizing select ion list ,
click New Sizing; t hen click your choice on t he list of available
cust om models ( see Figure 3) .

Fi gur e 3: Add new si zi ng w i t h cust om model
The current sizing list for t he equipment model is order
dependent ( see Figure 4) .
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 337

Fi gur e 4: Cur r ent Si zi ng Li st w i t h Sy st em si zi ng and t w o cust om model s
Once t his library has been specified, it must be select ed in t he
proj ect ( see Figure 5) .

Fi gur e 5: Sel ect i ng t he Si zi ng Sel ect i on l i br ar y f or a pr oj ect scenar i o
Si zi ng Ar eas
The Area sizing feat ure in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or develops
lengt h and widt h of an area from t he equipment in t he area.
When act ual area dimensions are not available, you can get a
bet t er est imat e of area lengt h and widt h from t he syst em when
t hese paramet ers are not specified in t he area specs form.
The syst em calculat ed area lengt h and widt h is used in t he
design of all area bulks. You can use t he syst em calculat ed area
paramet ers as t he area specs.
To have Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or cal cul at e t he ar ea:
1 Open t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect .
2 Modify an area spec by right - clicking t he area; t hen, on t he
menu t hat appears, clicking Modi f y .
3 Click Speci f i cat i on | Ar ea Specs; t hen, on t he menu t hat
appears, click Modi f y .
4 Clear t he values for Ar ea l engt h and Ar ea w i dt h.
5 Click OK; t hen click Cl ose.
6 Evaluat e t he proj ect .
I n t he report , t he syst em- calculat ed lengt h and widt h for each
area appear in:
AREA BULK REPORT
AREA DATA SHEET
338 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
To speci f y t he ar ea y our sel f :
1 Open t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect .
2 Modify an area spec by right - clicking t he area; t hen, on t he
menu t hat appears, clicking Modi f y .
3 Click Speci f i cat i on | Ar ea Specs; t hen, on t he menu t hat
appears, click Modi f y .
4 Ent er values for Ar ea l engt h and Ar ea w i dt h.
5 Click Ar ea Pi pi ng; t hen ent er dat a for t he piping envelope.
6 Click Ar ea El ect r i cal ; t hen ent er dat a for Di st ance
equi pment t o panel / DB.
7 Click OK; t hen click Cl ose.
8 Evaluat e t he proj ect .
I n t he report , t he syst em- calculat ed lengt h and widt h for each
area appear in:
AREA BULK REPORT
AREA DATA SHEET
To Dev el op Ar ea Ut i l i t y Pi pi ng and Pi pe Rack s sy st em
cal cul at ed ar ea l engt h and w i dt h:
1 Open t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect .
2 Modify an area spec by right - clicking t he area; t hen, on t he
menu t hat appears, clicking Modi f y .
3 Click Speci f i cat i on | Ar ea Pi pi ng; t hen, on t he menu t hat
appears, click Modi f y .
4 Clear t he dat a in t he Ut i l i t y l engt h par amet er ( 0) and
Ut i l i t y st at i ons ( - ) fields.
5 Click OK.
6 Click Ar ea St eel ; t hen, on t he menu t hat appears, click
Modi f y .
7 Clear t he dat a in t he Pi pe r ack l engt h ( 0) field; t hen click
OK.
8 Close t he Ar ea Speci f i cat i on menu.
9 Evaluat e t he proj ect .


Some areas generat e ut ilit y headers, ut ilit y st at ions. and pipe
rack bulks. This informat ion appears in:
AREA BULK REPORT
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 339
Si zi ng Requi r ement s,
Cal cul at i ons, and Def aul t s
Cert ain t ypes of component s have minimum input requirement s
for sizing. Those requirement s are provided in t he following
sect ions, along wit h explanat ions of how t he sizing is calculat ed
for different component t ypes.
Ai r Cool er s
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement s
I nlet St ream
Exit St ream
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The air cooler t hermal and det ailed mechanical design equat ions
are given below:
For t her mal desi gn:
Q = U* A* MTD
MTD = f* LMTD
For mechani cal desi gn:
A = pi* D_t ube* N_t ubeRows* N_t ubesPer Row* Tube_lengt h

where:
Q = Heat Dut y
U = Heat t ransfer coefficient
A = Bare t ube surface area
MTD = Mean Temperat ure difference
LMTD = Log mean t emperat ure difference, based on
purely count ercurrent flow
f = Temper at ure correct ion fact or
N_bays = Number of bays
N_t ube_rows = Number of t ube rows
N_t ubesPer Row
=
Number of t ubes per row ( t akes int o account t he
presence of a fan shaft )
Tube_lengt h
=
Lengt h of t ubes

340 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
The process fluid propert ies ( t emperat ure, pressure, and specific
heat capacit y) are assumed t o be const ant t hroughout t he air
cooler and are est imat ed as t he mean of t he inlet and out let
st ream propert ies. The required heat dut y is calculat ed from t he
inlet and out let process st ream condit ions if it is not specified.
The process fluid st ream t emperat ures, inlet and exit , are used
along wit h t he t emperat ures specified for t he air st ream ( Design
Crit eria specificat ions) t o calculat e t he LMTD. The t emperat ure
correct ion fact or is t hen used t o calculat e t he MTD.
I f t he process fluid t emperat ures and air t emperat ures are
appropriat e, meaning t hat t here is no t emperat ure crossover and
t he t emperat ure approach at t he ends is reasonable, t hen t he
surface area required for t he given heat dut y is est imat ed using
t he t hermal design equat ion. The air flow rat e needed t o realize
t his heat dut y is t hen calculat ed using t he specified ambient and
out let air condit ions.
An it erat ive algorit hm has been developed t o size t he air cooler.
The sizing rout ine calculat es t he heat dut y t hat can be realized
using t he specified t ube bundle geomet ry ( bay widt h, number of
t ube rows, and t ube lengt h) . I t assumes default s for paramet ers
t hat you have not specified. I f t he comput ed heat dut y is larger
t han t he heat dut y act ually required, t he it erat ive procedure
t erminat es. The t ube bundle arrangement used represent s t he
specificat ion of t he air cooler select ed. I f t he calculat ed heat dut y
does not meet t he required heat dut y t hen a bigger air cooler is
chosen ( t hat is, paramet er values are increased) and t he above
procedure is repeat ed. The it erat ive procedure t erminat es eit her
when a t ube bundle geomet ry t hat can meet t he heat dut y
requirement s is found, or when even t he largest available air
cooler does not meet t he process requirement s.
Air- side heat t ransfer coefficient s are calculat ed using t he
relat ions t hat t ake int o account t he t ube bundle geomet ry.
The work of Young, Briggs, and Robinson, as summarized in [ 6]
is being used t o evaluat e t he heat t ransfer and pressure drop of
air across t he t ube bundle. The pressure drop t hus calculat ed is
used in est imat ing t he fan power required. The number of fans
required is calculat ed based on t he aspect rat io ( t ube lengt h/ bay
widt h) . For any aspect rat io of up t o 1. 5, only one fan is select ed.
Def aul t s
Tube pit ch = 2. 5 I NCHES
Tube t hickness = 0. 125 I NCHES
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 341
Bay widt h = 4 ft t o 20 ft
Tube rows = 3 t o 6
Maximum Tube
lengt h
= 3* Bay widt h

I nlet air t emperat ure ( from Design Crit eria specificat ions)
Out let air t emperat ure ( from Design Crit eria specificat ions)
Agi t at ed Tank s
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement s
I nlet st ream
Exit st ream
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The capacit y of t he agit at ed t ank is det ermined by t he following
equat ion:
C = Q * ( T_r / 60. 0)

where:
C = Capacit y , CF
Q = Liquid volumet ric flowrat e, CFH
T_r = Liquid residence t ime, MI NUTES

The diamet er of t he agit at ed t ank is det ermined using L/ D and
geomet ry:
C = ( / 4) * D^ 2 * L

where:
D = Diamet er of vessel, FEET
L = Fluid height , FEET

Vessel height is obt ained by t he following:
H = L + h_d

where:
H = Vessel height , FEET
342 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
h_d = Vapor disengagement height , FEET

Design paramet ers are based on t he current Design Crit eria
specificat ions if available:
Lengt h/ Diamet er Rat io:
Default
= 3
Vapor disengagement height :
Default
= 1 FEET
Agit at or t ype: Default
=
ANCHOR
Driver t ype: Default
=
STD
I mpeller t ype: Default
=
T6FB

Operat ing pressure is obt ained from t he simulat or report . I f t he
report does not have a value, t hen t he pressure of t he inlet
st ream having t he maximum value is chosen as t he operat ing
pressure.
The operat ing pressure is used t o obt ain t he L/ D rat io ( if user
specificat ion is absent ) .

If P <= 250 PSIA, then L/D = 3
If 250 < P <= 500 PSIA, then L/D = 4
If P > 500 PSIA, then L/D = 5
where:
P = Pressure, PSI
L = Fluid height , FEET
D = Diamet er of vessel, FEET

The proj ect component must have at least one process st ream
connect ed t o t he inlet and exit . Also, since t he sizing procedure
is based on t he liquid holding period, at least one of t he st reams
should have liquid phase.
The design pressure and t emperat ure are based on t he operat ing
pressure and t emperat ure as modified by your ent ries on t he
Design Crit eria specificat ions form.
Compr essor s
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement s
I nlet and Exit st ream informat ion
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 343
Driver Power ( for Reciprocat ing Compressors)
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The capacit y requirement for t he compressor is calculat ed from
t he inlet st ream informat ion. The inlet st ream flow rat e and
densit y are used t o est imat e t he t ot al volumet ric flow rat e
t hrough t he compressor.
The compression rat io ( exit t o inlet pressure) is obt ained from
t he operat ing pressures of t he inlet and exit st ream.
The compressibilit y fact or ( inlet and exit ) is based on
user- specified informat ion, if available, or est imat ed by t he
sizing expert based on t he Primary Fluid Component .
The I carus Evaluat ion Engine est imat es t he driver power if it is
neit her user- specified nor provided in t he simulat or report . The
engine current ly uses a mechanical efficiency of 100% t o arrive
at t he brake horsepower. The brake horsepower, t hus calculat ed,
is compared against a t able of available st andard mot or sizes. I f
t he calculat ed brake horsepower is not found in t he t able, t hen
t he mot or wit h t he next higher horsepower is select ed.
I f t he driver horsepower is eit her user- specified or provided in
t he simulat or report , t he engine uses t his value. However for
pricing t he compressor, t he t able of available st andard mot or
sizes is referred. I f t he specified horsepower is not found in t he
t able, t hen t he price of t he mot or wit h t he next higher
horsepower is used.
I n t he case of simulat or input s, different simulat ors provide
informat ion t hat may be slight ly different . For inst ance, in t he
case of AspenPlus, t he compressor calculat ions t ake int o account
any mechanical efficiency specified during t he simulat ion run. So
t he brake horsepower report ed in t he case of AspenPlus
already t akes int o account t he mechanical efficiency. However,
ot her simulat ors, such as SimSci ( Act ual Work ) ; HYSI M and
HYSYS ( Energy Required ) , and ChemCAD ( Act ual Power ) ; do
not account for mechanical efficiency. Keep t his in mind and be
aware of what has been account ed for in t he simulat ion side
when using simulat or informat ion as input s.
Def aul t s
Minimum inlet pressure for air compressors is 14. 696 PSI A
344 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
Cr usher s
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement
I nlet and Exit st ream informat ion
Final product size.
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The sizing expert est imat es t he solid flow rat e from t he inlet
st ream informat ion. The crushing rat io ( feed t o product size) is
set at 4.
Work index is t he t ot al energy in KWH/ TONS, needed t o reduce
t he feed t o a size so t hat 80% of t he product will pass t hrough a
100 micron screen. The sizing expert in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or assumes a default value of 13. 81 for t he mat erial work
index.
The t ot al driver power required for t he crusher is calculat ed
using mat erial work index and t he value of t he product size.
The following equat ion is used t o est imat e t he driver power:
P = 1. 46 ( T_m) ( W_i) ( 1/ ( d_p ^ 0. 5) - 1/ ( d_r ^ 0. 5) )

where:
P = Driver power, HP
T_m = Crusher capacit y, TPM
W_i = Mat erial work index
d_p = Product size, FEET
d_r = Feed size, FEET

Def aul t s
Mat erial Work I ndex: 13. 8 KWh/ t on
Size Reduct ion Rat io: 4
Cr y st al l i zer s
Mi ni mum I nf or mat i on Requi r ed
I nlet and Exit St ream informat ion
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 345
Addi t i onal I nf or mat i on
Final Product size
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The sizing program calculat es t he cryst allizer capacit y based on
t he inlet and exit st ream informat ion.
Default value of 0. 83 MM is used as final product size if t he
user- specified value is not available from t he simulat or report .
I n addit ion, t he following default s values are used for t he design
paramet ers:
Growt h
rat e
= 0. 36 MM/ H

The residence t ime in hours for a bat ch cryst allizer is det ermined
by t he following relat ion:
Residence t ime = d_p / ( 3 * R_g
where:
d_p = Product size, MM
R_g = Growt h rat e, MM/ H

Based on t he minimum and maximum values for t he required
fields in t he component specificat ion form, t he number of
addit ional cryst allizers are est imat ed.
Dr y er s
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement
I nlet and Exit st ream informat ion
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The sizing program calculat es t he dryer capacit y based on t he
t ot al evaporat ion rat e for t he drying process. For t ray and drum
dryers, an average dept h of 2. 25 FEET is used t o det ermine t he
t ot al dryer requirement s. For vacuum and j acket ed rot ary
vacuum dryers, t he dryer capacit y is det ermined by obt aining
value of t he drying t ime and t he average percent age ut ilizat ion
of t he dryer capacit y.
346 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
The syst em default s are as follows:
Drying
t ime
= 0. 75 HOUR
Average
percent age
ut ilizat ion
= 25

The number of addit ional it ems required for t he given drying
operat ion is det ermined from t he knowledge- based engine in
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, which analyzes minimum and
maximum values for t he required fields in t he specificat ion form.
Dust Col l ect or s
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement
I nlet and Exit st ream informat ion
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The sizing program est imat es t he vapor volume flowing t hrough
t he dust collect or using t he exit st ream informat ion available
from t he simulat or report .
I n case of cyclones, t he sizing program assumes a default linear
velocit y of 150 FPS. The height t o widt h rat io is fixed at 2. 5.
Using t he above default s, t he volumet ric rat e t hrough t he
separat or is obt ained using Zenz correlat ion represent ed by t he
following equat ion:
Q = 2. 5 ( D ^ 2) V / 16

where:
Q = Vapor volumet ric rat e, CFS
D = Cyclone separat or diamet er, FEET
V = Linear velocit y, FPS

I n case of baghouse dust collect ors, t he sizing program uses
Nylon as t he default filt er clot h mat erial t o det ermine t he air t o
media rat io which t hen det ermines t he diamet er of t he
separat or.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 347
Air t o media rat io is t he flow rat e of air ( at 70 DEG F) in CFM.
The default rat io result s in a pressure drop of 0. 5 I NCHES of
wat er when passed t hrough 1 SF of clean fabric.
The sizing program uses a default air t o media rat io of 10 CFM.
The minimum and maximum values of t he required field( s)
shown in t he component specificat ion form are used t o
det ermine t he number of ident ical equipment it ems.
Fi l t er s
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement
I nlet st ream
Exit st ream
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The sizing program calculat es t he t ot al amount of filt rat ion
product rat e based on t he exit st ream informat ion. Based on t he
t ype of filt er select ed, t he average dimension of t he filt er
equipment is select ed and t he filt er size is t hen opt imized for t he
given operat ion such t hat t he dimensions select ed for t he
equipment are wit hin t he minimum and maximum values as
specified by t he knowledge- based engine.
I n case of bat ch filt rat ion, a default bat ch t ime of 0. 25 HOUR is
used. I n case of plat e and frame filt ers, default value of cake
t hickness of 0. 3 FEET is used.
I n t he case of cont inuous operat ion, t he cycle t ime default is
0. 08 HOUR. Based on t he act ual capacit y requirement and t he
maximum and minimum sizes provided by t he knowledge- based
engine, t he number of ident ical it ems is det ermined.
Heat Ex changer s
The heat exchanger sizing program est imat es t he heat t ransfer
area required for t he given operat ing condit ions. The model also
performs det ail est imat ion of t he number of t ubes, t ube lengt h,
and ot her int ernal component s of t he heat exchanger based on
eit her user- defined specificat ions ( from t he process simulat or
report or t he Design Crit eria specificat ions form) or syst em
default s.
348 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement s
I nlet and Exit Process St ream I nformat ion
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The process st ream( s) are classified int o various cat egories. The
Primary Fluid Component class t hat you specify for t he process
fluid( s) flowing t hrough t he heat exchanger is used t o est imat e
t he following design paramet ers:
Lat ent heat s ( vaporizat ion and condensat ion)
Fouling resist ance
Specific heat capacit y of t he fluid
Liquid film resist ance
Overall heat t ransfer coefficient
Dut y requirement for t he heat exchanger is eit her direct ly
obt ained from t he simulat or report or est imat ed based on t he
inlet and exit process st ream informat ion for t he process model.
I n case t he fluid undergoes phase change, a boiling point
t emperat ure, Tb, is est imat ed t hat would lie bet ween t he inlet
and exit st ream t emperat ure. The est imat ed Tb is t hen used in
t he calculat ion of t he sensible and lat ent heat s based on t he
Primary Fluid Component . The sensible heat of any solids
present in t he st ream is also account ed for in t he dut y
calculat ion.
I n est imat ing t he design pressure on shell and t ube heat
exchangers, t he 2/ 3
rd
Rule is applied if it has been select ed on
t he Design Crit eria specificat ions form ( see page 169) .
I f only t he process fluid condit ions are specified by t he simulat or
model, t he heat exchanger sizing program det ermines t he
appropriat e ut ilit y from t he list of ut ilit ies t hat you specify using
t he Ut ilit y Specificat ions accessed from Proj ect Basis view ( see
page 184) . I f mult iple ut ilit ies are available for heat t ransfer,
t hen t he sizing expert uses t he ut ilit y fluid wit h a t emperat ure
approach closest t o t he process fluid. This minimizes t he heat
t ransfer losses. However, a minimum of 1 degree Fahrenheit
difference in t he final t emperat ure of t he process fluid and t he
ut ilit y fluid must exist for t he ut ilit y fluid t o be select ed for t he
process. I f an appropriat e ut ilit y fluid is not available for t he heat
t ransfer process, t he heat exchanger sizing program will
t erminat e wit hout est imat ing t he heat exchanger size
requirement s.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 349
The mean t emperat ure difference ( MTD) is est imat ed based on
t he fluid t emperat ure for bot h t he shell and t he t ube side. I t also
depends on t he flow configurat ion for shell and t ube heat
exchangers, which is specified by t he number of shell and t ube
passes. For reasons of compact ness of equipment , t he pat hs of
bot h fluids may require several reversals in direct ion. Mean
t emperat ure differences in such cases can be obt ained by
applying a fact or ( called t he F- fact or) t o t he t erminal
t emperat ure difference. The logarit hmic mean t emperat ure
difference ( based on purely count er current flow) is mult iplied by
t he F- fact or t o obt ain t he mean t emperat ure difference.
I f t he t emperat ures are not properly ent ered t hen appropriat e
warning messages are displayed. I n such cases it recommended
t hat you check t he inlet and out let t emperat ures of t he shell and
t ube side st reams and verify t hat t hey are realist ic.
The overall heat t ransfer coefficient is eit her direct ly obt ained
from t he simulat or report or evaluat ed based on t he shell and
t ube fluid propert ies ( film resist ance, fouling t endency present
for t he various processes in t he syst em dat abase) .
The heat exchanger sizing program det ermines t he posit ion of
t he fluids in t he shell and t ube heat exchanger. The posit ion
depends on bot h t he process and ut ilit y fluid class.
I f dut y is provided by t he simulat or report , t hen you can
override t he value only t hrough int eract ive sizing.
The final heat t ransfer area is obt ained by mult iplying t he heat
t ransfer area, calculat ed based on t he dut y required, wit h t he
Heat Exchanger Minimum Overdesign Fact or. I f you do not
specify an overdesign fact or t hen t he default value is used from
t he Design Crit eria specificat ions.
I f t he dut y generat es a surface area less t han minimum required
for pract ical design, t he it em report will give t he appropriat e
warning message.
FLOAT HEAD or U- TUBE heat exchangers have an even number
of t ube passes. I f you ent er an odd number for t he number of
t ube passes for any of t hese heat exchanger t ypes, Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or generat es warning messages.
The shell and t ube design pressure and t emperat ure are based
on t he maximum operat ing condit ions of t he fluid flowing
t hrough t he shell and t ube respect ively. The Design Crit eria
specificat ions form let s you change t hem according t o individual
proj ect requirement s.
350 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
Heat Ex changer I nt er nal s
The final heat t ransfer area is det ermined by t he act ual number
of t ubes chosen for t he equipment . The least surface area of t he
combinat ion of numbered t ubes and shells is changed for final
design.
A default t ube lengt h of 20 FEET is used for calculat ing t he
number of t ubes.
Syst em default values for t ube diamet er, t ube t hickness, t ube
pit ch and baffle dist ances are used if user specificat ions are not
available.
Gener al I nf or mat i on
The ut ilit y requirement is est imat ed only when t he syst em
det ermines t he ut ilit y fluid. I f bot h shell and t ube side fluid
st ream informat ion is specified in t he simulat or report , t hen t he
syst em assumes t hat bot h of t he fluid st reams are process
st reams and t hat no ut ilit y fluid is expended.
Present ly, t he model default s are used for det ermining t he
mat erial of const ruct ion.
For shell and t ube heat exchangers, if t he heat t ransfer surface
area calculat ed by t he sizing program is great er t han t he largest
heat exchanger designed by t he design and cost engine, t hen
t he heat exchanger is divided int o mult iple shells wit h ident ical
configurat ions. The capit al cost est imat ion is t hen calculat ed
based on t he complet e heat exchanger.
Not e: When mapping a rigorous heat exchanger model ( HXRI G)
from SimSci, t he number of shells in parallel is used t o
det ermine t he number of shells in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
For Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, t he maximum number of
shells in series is 1.
Doubl e Pi pe Heat Ex changer
The sizing program in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or est imat es
t he t ot al surface area required for t he given dut y. During t he
capit al cost est imat ion, det ailed design for t he heat exchanger is
developed based on t he values for t ube lengt h and number of
t ubes per shell obt ained from t he simulat or report or from t he
user.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 351
Fi n Tube Heat Ex changer
The sizing program est imat es t he t ot al surface area required for
t he given dut y. During t he capit al cost est imat ion, det ailed
design for t he heat exchanger is developed based on t he t ube
lengt h and number of fins per t ube obt ained eit her from t he
simulat or report or from t he user.
Spi r al Pl at e Heat Ex changer
The sizing program est imat es t he t ot al surface area required for
t he given dut y. During t he capit al cost est imat ion, det ailed
design for t he heat exchanger is developed based on t he t ube
lengt h and number of fins per t ube obt ained eit her from t he
simulat or report or from t he user.
Pumps
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement s
I nlet and Exit st ream informat ion
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The sizing program calculat es t he t ot al capacit y requirement s for
t he select ed pump based on t he t ot al flow rat e of t he inlet fluid
st ream( s) obt ained from t he simulat or.
Fl ow Rat e/ Capaci t y
Pump flow rat e is obt ained from t he simulat or informat ion. I f t he
informat ion does not exist , t hen pump flow rat e is calculat ed
based on t he st ream flow rat es. The st ream is assumed t o be
complet ely liquid phase and no check is made for presence of
vapor phase.
The pump flow rat e obt ained from t he simulat or informat ion is
mult iplied by t he pump overdesign fact or, also referred as t he
capacit y over- design fact or, present in t he Design Crit eria
specificat ions file.
352 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
Pump% Ef f i ci ency
Pump efficiency is direct ly obt ained from t he simulat or. I f t he
value is not present in t he simulat or report , t hen t he default
value of 70% is used.
Pump Ov er desi gn
You can modify t he pump overdesign fact or eit her on t he Design
Crit eria specificat ions form or t he I nt eract ive Sizing form.
Modifying t he overdesign fact or using t he Design Crit eria
specificat ions form ( page 169) will applies t he new fact or t o all
t he pumps in t he proj ect . Modifying t he overdesign fact or for a
pump using t he I nt eract ive Sizing form ( page 328) applies t he
fact or only t o t hat part icular pump. This let s you eit her specify
t he fact or for all pumps or specify t he fact or individually for each
pump.
Dr i v er Pow er
I f you specify a driver power in t he component specificat ion form
t hen t his value is used. I f t he user does not provide t he value
t hen it is calculat ed by t he cost engine. The I carus Evaluat ion
Engine calculat es t he hydraulic horsepower based on t he
capacit y, viscosit y and head, and t hen uses t he pump efficiency
t o est imat e t he brake horsepower. The brake horsepower is
compared against a set of st andard available mot or sizes t o
est imat e t he pump driver power.
I f mult iple inlet st reams are present , t he minimum value of
pressure is used for det ermining t he operat ing pressure of t he
equipment .
Def aul t s ( i f t hey ar e not obt ai ned f r om t he
si mul at or s) :
Operat ing pressure: 14. 696 PSI A
Operat ing t emperat ure: 77 DEG F
Cal cul at i ng Pump Head
The t ot al head developed by t he pump is composed of t he
difference bet ween t he st at ic, pressure, and velocit y heads.
Addit ionally, frict ion at t he suct ion and discharge sides would
also cont ribut e t o some head loss. The pump head is calculat ed
using t he following relat ion:
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 353
Head,
FEET
= h_d h_s
where:
H = t ot al pump head, FEET
h_d
=
discharge head, FEET
h_s
=
suct ion head, FEET
Assumpt ions:
No frict ion losses at t he ent rance and exit .
No st at ic head on suct ion and discharge sides.
Velocit y heads are not included in est imat ing t he suct ion and
discharge heads.
Head in feet is est imat ed by t he following relat ions:
Head,
FEET
= ( Pressur e, PSI A) * ( 2. 31) / ( Fluid specific gravit y)
The specific gravit y of t he fluid is based on inlet st reams
condit ions. The discharge pressure for t he pump is based on t he
maximum value for t he exit st ream( s) . The suct ion pressure is
based on t he minimum value for t he inlet st reams( s) .
Scr eens
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement
I nlet st ream informat ion
Screen opening size ( or average product size)
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The sizing program det ermines t he capacit y of t he screen based
on t he inlet flow rat e est imat ed from t he st ream informat ion.
The screen opening size is used t o det ermine t he final product
size.
The feed mat erial for t he vibrat ing screen is obt ained from t he
Design Crit eria specificat ions. The following choices are
available:
Sand and Gravel
Limest one/ Crushed St ones
Coal
Cinders
Coke
354 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
Wood
The mat erial t ype affect s t he screen unit capacit y which is
defined as t he amount of solid ( in t ons per hour) flowing t hrough
one square foot of screen clot h based on mat erial, having 6 t o
8% moist ure, screen clot h having 50% or more open area; 85%
screen efficiency.
Based on t he mat erial select ed and t he screen opening size, t he
screen unit capacit y is chosen. Furt her, t he sizing program
assumes t hat five layers of part icles are present on t he screen.
The surface area required for t he vibrat ing screen is obt ained.
Based on t he maximum and minimum values specified by t he
knowledge base for t he screen capacit y, addit ional it ems
required by t he operat ions are det ermined.
Tow er s
Mi ni mum I nput Requi r ement s
St age t emperat ure, pressure, flowrat es
Number of st ages
I nlet st ream
Exit st ream
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The dist illat ion column sizing module can be used t o size t he
following I carus process equipment :
DDT TRAYED
DDT PACKED
TW TRAYED
TW PACKED
DC HE TW
The following simulat or models can be used t o generat e t he
necessary process informat ion required for successfully
execut ing t he applicat ion:
Si mul at or Model s used
AspenPlus ABSBR, DI STWU, DI STL, RADFRAC
HYSI M/ HYSYS COLUMN
Pro/ I I COLUMN, I O, SURE, CHEMDI ST, SHORTCUT
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 355
Loadi ng Col umn Model f r om Si mul at or
I n Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, t he rigorous column unit
operat ions loaded from t he simulat or report ( t hat is, COLUMN
UNI TS model in PRO/ I I ) are developed in great det ail, including
all pieces at t ached t o t he main column unit .
Typically, t he simulat or model develops st age informat ion for t he
main t ower and dut ies for an associat ed condenser and reboiler.
These dut ies are used along wit h t he specified fluid condit ions
available from t he st age informat ion t ables t o generat e all of t he
input specificat ions required for t he equipment .
Sidest rippers and pumparounds are separat ed from t he main
t ower if necessary during t he loading process aft er all t he
relevant informat ion is collect ed for t he models. Once t he report
is loaded, t hese unit s are t reat ed as separat e simulat or models
which can be mapped and sized independent ly of t he main t ower
design.
Si dest r i pper s
Sidest rippers at t ached t o t ower models are separat ed from t he
main t ower model during t he loading process. Sidest rippers load
informat ion from t he same t ables in t he report from which t he
main t ower informat ion is discerned.
For example, t he t ypical informat ion loaded for sidest rippers in
Pro/ I I are:
SIDESTRIPPER ABC

COLUMN SUMMARY
NET FLOW RATES HEATER
TRAY TEMP PRESSURE LIQUID VAPOR FEED PRODUCT DUTIES
DEG C KPA KG-MOL/HR M*KJ/HR


1/ 10 200.3 600.50 22. 20.0L 8.5V
2/ 11 202.2 601.53 7.8 5.0V 20.1L


SIDESTRIPPER ABC

TYPE STREAM PHASE FROM TO LIQUID FLOW RATES HEAT RATES
TRAY TRAY FRAC KG-MOL/HR M*KJ/HR

FEED ABCDRW LIQUID 10 1.0000 23.00 1.3216
FEED ABCSTM VAPOR 11 .0000 5.55 .2785
PROD ABCSRVP VAPOR 10 8.46 .5325
PROD ABCPRD LIQUID 11 20.09 1.0678
I nformat ion is obt ained for t he sidest rippers in t he same manner
as for t he main t ower unit ( Refer t o informat ion for obt aining
process dat a for main t ower unit ) .
356 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
Pumpar ounds
The inlet and out let fluid condit ions for pumparounds are
obt ained from t he st age informat ion t o which t he unit is
connect ed. Addit ionally, t he dut y associat ed wit h each
pumparound is loaded int o t he unit . This unit is t hen separat ed
during t he loading process and is t reat ed as an independent
simulat or model which can be mapped and sized on it s own.
For example, t he informat ion required by pumparound unit s in
PRO/ I I are obt ained from t he following part of t he column
report :
COLUMN SUMMARY

NET FLOW RATES HEATER
TRAY TEMP PRESSURE LIQUID VAPOR FEED PRODUCT DUTIES
DEG F PSIG LB-MOL/HR MM BTU/HR

.
.
.
40R 355.9 33.00 5618.9 4301.4L 94.6551


PUMPAROUNDS

TRAY TEMP, DEG F LIQUID FRACTION RATES
FROM TO FROM TO FROM TO LB-MOL/HR M LB/HR STD BBL/HR

40 40 355.9 416.1 1.0000 .4108 7273.09 995.238 3569.48
Mappi ng t he Tow er Model
Typically, column models in simulat ors do not include t he
ancillary equipment at t ached t o t he main t ower. For example, a
t ower unit may really consist of t he following equipment :
Main t ower
Overhead condenser
Condenser accumulat or
Overhead split
Reflux pump
Overhead pump
Overhead product sub- cooler
Reboiler
Bot t oms split
Bot t oms product pump
Bot t oms product heat exchanger
Bot h overhead and bot t oms split are process st ream split t ers
and t herefore do not represent any proj ect component . I n Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or, during mapping and sizing process, t hey
are t ypically mapped as a quot ed cost it em wit h zero cost .
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 357
I n addit ion, t he equipment design could involve split t ing t he
unit s int o more t han one act ual piece for reasons of economy.
For example, in many applicat ions, condensers are split int o a
precooler ( which is t ypically an air cooler but also can be any
ot her t ype of heat exchanger) and a t rim cooler ( t ypically a shell
and t ube heat exchanger) .
Tower models ( such as RADFRAC model in AspenPlus, COLUMN
UNI T in PRO/ I I and COLUMN in HYSI M/ HYSYS) can be mapped
int o any of t he following t en Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
configurat ions:
St andard - Single or St andard - Tot al
o Tower
o Condenser
o Condenser accumulat or
o Overhead split
o Reflux pump
o Bot t oms split
o Reboiler.
Full - Single
o Tower
o Condenser
o Condenser accumulat or
o Overhead split
o Reflux pump
o Overhead pump
o Overhead product heat exchanger
o Bot t oms split
o Reboiler
o Bot t oms product pump
o Bot t oms product heat exchanger
St andard - Split or St andard Split Tot al
o Tower
o Precooler
o Trimcooler
o Condenser accumulat or
o Overhead split
o Reflux pump
o Bot t oms split
358 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
o Reboiler
Full - Split
o Tower
o Precooler
o Trimcoooler
o Condenser accumulat or
o Overhead split
o Reflux pump
o Overhead pump
o Overhead product heat exchanger
o Bot t oms split
o Reboiler
o Bot t oms product pump
o Bot t oms product heat exchanger
St andard - Tot al w/ Circ.
o Tower
o Condenser
o Condenser accumulat or
o Overhead split
o Reflux pump
o Bot t oms split
o Reboiler
o Circulat ion pump
Full - Single w/ Circ.
o Tower
o Condenser
o Condenser accumulat or
o Overhead split
o Reflux pump
o Overhead pump
o Overhead product heat exchanger
o Bot t oms split
o Reboiler
o Bot t oms product pump
o Bot t oms product heat exchanger
o Circulat ion pump
St andard Split Tot al w/ Circ.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 359
o Tower
o Precooler
o Trimcooler
o Condenser accumulat or
o Overhead split
o Reflux pump
o Bot t oms split
o Reboiler
o Circulat ion pump
Full - Split w/ Circ.
o Tower
o Precooler
o Trimcoooler
o Condenser accumulat or
o Overhead split
o Reflux pump
o Overhead pump
o Overhead product heat exchanger
o Bot t oms split
o Reboiler
o Bot t oms product pump
o Bot t oms product heat exchanger
o Circulat ion pump
Refer t o Tower Configurat ions in Chapt er 4 for det ailed flow
diagrams.
These configurat ions should be regarded as t he maximum
model wit h all pot ent ialit ies sat isfied The component s act ually
developed depend upon t he process condit ions. For example, if
t he main t ower model does not have a condenser and a reboiler,
t hen only t he t ower model is mapped.
I f t he overhead product is cooler t han t he t emperat ure of t he
fluid from t he condenser out let , t hen an overhead exchanger is
mapped.
A bot t oms product exchanger is mapped only when t he bot t oms
product st ream has a different t emperat ure from t he
t emperat ure of t he bot t om st age of t he t ower.
360 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
I n t he case of split models, where t he condenser dut y is split
int o precooler and t rimcooler dut ies, t he rat io of t he dut y split is
obt ained from t he Design Crit eria specificat ions form. The
overhead vapor st ream flowing t o t he precooler is assumed t o be
at dew point if t he condensat ion t emperat ure is not provided.
Loadi ng Tow er I nput I nf or mat i on
From t he t ower result s in t he report , t he t ables consist ing of
st age t emperat ures, st age pressures, st age molar vapor flow
rat es and st age molar liquid flow rat es are loaded in t he mapping
process.
For example, in t he case of AspenPlus, t he following t ables in t he
RADFRAC block are loaded by Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or in
t he mapping process:
Tabl e 1: St age t emperat ure and St age Pressures are loaded
( Column 1 and 2)

ENTHALPY
STAGE TEMP. PRESSURE BTU/LBMOL HEAT DUTY
F PSI LIQUID VAPOR BTU/HR

1 149.27 20.000 -0.12156E+06 -42602. -.23509+08
2 223.45 22.000 -0.11895E+06 -87138.
3 227.79 22.100 -0.11909E+06 -92519.
4 230.39 22.200 -0.11918E+06 -95701.
5 232.06 22.300 -0.11925E+06 -97662.
6 233.25 22.400 -0.11931E+06 -98970.
7 234.18 22.500 -0.11935E+06 -99924.
8 234.98 22.600 -0.11939E+06 -0.10068E+06
9 235.72 22.700 -0.11942E+06 -0.10135E+06
10 236.74 22.800 -0.11941E+06 -0.10196E+06 45802+08
Tabl e 2: St age molar liquid flowrat es and St age molar vapor
flowrat es are loaded. ( Column 1 and 2)

STAGE FLOW RATE FEED RATE PRODUCT RATE
LBMOL/HR LBMOL/HR LBMOL/HR
LIQUID VAPOR LIQUID VAPOR MIXED LIQUID VAPOR
1 1239. 430.0 .57657-01 430.0000
2 0.2571E+05 1669. .24001+05
3 0.2586E+05 2140.
4 0.2595E+05 2286.
5 0.2602E+05 2380.
6 0.2606E+05 2444.
7 0.2610E+05 2493.
8 0.2614E+05 2532.
9 0.2617E+05 2568.
10 0.2357E+05 2604. .23571+05
I nlet and exit st reams ( and t heir st age numbers) are loaded in
t he mapping st ep.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 361
For example, in t he case of a RADFRAC model for AspenPlus, t he
following port ion of t he report is loaded in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or:
INLETS7 STAGE 2
OUTLETS - 8 STAGE 1
9 STAGE 10
When sizing informat ion is present in t he report , t he mapping
program loads all t he relevant informat ion present in t he sizing
sect ions.
For example, in t he case of a RADFRAC model for AspenPlus,
t he following port ion of t he sizing report is loaded in Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or for every sect ion:

Case : Tray tower sizing section

STARTING STAGE NUMBER 2
ENDING STAGE NUMBER 29

TRAY SPECIFICATIONS

TRAY TYPE SIEVE
TRAY SPACING METER 0.60960

***** SIZING RESULTS @ STAGE WITH MAXIMUM DIAMETER *****

COLUMN DIAMETER METER 4.00228


Case : Packed tower sizing section

STARTING STAGE NUMBER 2
ENDING STAGE NUMBER 9

PACKING SPECIFICATIONS

PACKING TYPE BERL-SADDLE
HETP FT 2.00000
PACKING HEIGHT FT 16.0000

Det er mi ni ng Tow er Pr ocess Condi t i ons
Operat ing Temperat ure
The maximum t emperat ure value for all t he st ages ( given by column 1) is
used as t he operat ing t emperat ure for t he t ower.
Operat ing Pressure
The maximum pressure value for all t he st ages ( given by column 2) is
used as t he operat ing pressure for t he t ower.
Minimum Operat ing Pressure
The minimum pressure value for all t he st ages ( given by column 2) is
used as t he minimum operat ing pressure for t he t ower.
Design Pressure
362 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
The maximum value from t he st age pressure profile is used for calculat ing
t he design pressure of t he t ower ( t hat is, aft er applying t he user- defined-
design value from t he design crit eria file) . When st age pressures are not
available, t he maximum value of pressure from all t he inlet st reams is
used.
Design Temperat ure
The maximum value from t he st age t emperat ure profile is used for
calculat ing t he design t emperat ure of t he t ower ( t hat is, aft er applying t he
user- defined design value from t he design crit eria file) . When st age
t emperat ures are not available, t he maximum value of t emperat ure from
all t he inlet st reams is used.
Number of St ages
The number of t heoret ical st ages is provided by t he number of rows in
Table 1. The final number is det ermined by t aking int o account condenser
and reboiler ( if t hey are provided) . Also, t he number of st ages is affect ed
by t he reboiler t ype depending on whet her t he reboiler simulat ed in t he
report is ket t le or t hermosiphon.
For example, in t he case of RADFRAC model for AspenPlus, consider t he
following t able:

STAGE TEMP. PRESSURE BTU/LBMOL HEAT DUTY
F PSI LIQUID VAPOR BTU/HR

1 149.27 20.000 -0.12156E+06 -42602. -.23509+08
2 223.45 22.000 -0.11895E+06 -87138.
3 227.79 22.100 -0.11909E+06 -92519.
4 230.39 22.200 -0.11918E+06 -95701.
5 232.06 22.300 -0.11925E+06 -97662.
6 233.25 22.400 -0.11931E+06 -98970.
7 234.18 22.500 -0.11935E+06 -99924.
8 234.98 22.600 -0.11939E+06 -0.10068E+06
9 235.72 22.700 -0.11942E+06 -0.10135E+06
10 236.74 22.800 -0.11941E+06 -0.10196E+06 .45802+08

I f t he reboiler is k et t l e, t hen t he number of t heoret ical st ages is eight .
I f t he reboiler is t her mosi phon ( reboiler t ype is obt ained from
simulat or) , t hen t he number of t heoret ical st ages is nine.
Liquid Densit y
Densit y of liquid flowing inside t he column is est imat ed from t he densit y of
t he inlet st reams and t he exit st reams. I f liquid densit y cannot be
obt ained from t he st reams, t he densit y of wat er is used as default .
Vapor Densit y
Densit y of vapor flowing inside t he column is est imat ed from t he densit y
of t he inlet st reams and t he exit st reams. I f vapor densit y cannot be
obt ained from t he st reams, t he vapor densit y is est imat ed based on gas
law. The vapor densit y is est imat ed at t he minimum operat ing pressure
and operat ing t emperat ure.
Average Molecular Weight of Vapor I nside Tower
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 363
Average vapor molecular weight is est imat ed from t he inlet and exit
st reams. The lowest molecular weight of t he st reams is assigned as t he
vapor molecular weight .
Average Molecular Weight of Liquid I nside Tower
Average liquid molecular weight is t he maximum molecular weight for t he
inlet and exit st reams.
Si zi ng Pr ocedur e
The sizing procedure varies depending on t he t ype of int ernals
desired and t he simulat or model used for t he operat ion. The
procedure described below gives a descript ion of t he act ual st eps
used by t he sizing module t o est imat e t he sizes for t he different
t ypes of t rayed and packed t owers.
Tr ay ed Tow er Si zi ng
General Procedure ( Followed for all t ray int ernals) :
2. The type (class) of the fluid in the column is used to estimate some of the
properties in designing the tray internals, such as surface tension, foaming
tendency, deration factor if they are not specified in the simulation output
report or on the Design Criteria specifications form.
You can specify the overall column tray efficiency in the Tray Efficiency box on
the Design Criteria specifications form (see pages 170). If the value is not
provided, then it is estimated using Locketts modification of the OConnell
Correlation. This correlation is based on tests on actual plant columns and has
been the standard of the industry.
The t ray efficiency is used t o calculat e t he act ual number of
st ages required for t he separat ion.
E
OC
= 0. 492 (
L
)
- 0. 245

where:
E
OC
= efficiency, OConnell Correlat ion

L
= viscosit y of liquid, CPOI SE
= relat ive volat ilit y of key component

A default value of 1. 5 is used for t he relat ive volat ilit y of key
component s t hat you can modify on t he Design Crit eria
specificat ions form. The liquid viscosit y is eit her direct ly obt ained
from t he report or est imat ed from t he fluid classificat ion.
Once t he int ernal height of t he column is est imat ed ( based on
t he act ual number of t rays) , addit ional height for vapor
364 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
disengagement and liquid ret urn is based on your Design
Crit eria specificat ions.
I n general, t he number of st ages provided by t he simulat or
report represent t he t heoret ical number of st ages. However, if
det ailed design of t he t ower has been done by t he simulat or
using t ray efficiency, t hen t he number of t rays are act ual
t rays. I f Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or finds t hat t he number
of t rays are act ual, t hen it uses t he value t o est imat e t he
height and does not add any addit ional t ray efficiency.
Usi ng Tow er Si zi ng I nf or mat i on
When a simulat or report provides sizing informat ion, Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or t ries t o use as much of t he informat ion as
possible in t he final design. When mult iple sect ions are present
in t he report , t he informat ion used by Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or depends on t he equipment t o which t he model is
mapped.
Si ngl e Di amet er Tr ay ed Tow er ( TW TRAYED)
I f mult iple sect ions are present wit h different diamet ers and t ray
spacings, t hen t he largest values of t he diamet ers and t ray
spacings are used for t he act ual design of t he t ower.
Doubl e Di amet er Tr ay ed Tow er ( DTT TRAYED)
For double diamet er t rayed t ower, t he t wo largest diamet ers in
t he sect ional report are used in t he design. Once t he t ower is
divided int o t wo sect ions ( based on diamet er) , t he value of t he
t ray spacing for each sect ion is based on t he st age numbers
present in each sect ion. The largest values of t ray spacing for
each sect ion are used t o est imat e t he t ower height .
For example, for AspenPlus, assume t he following sizing
informat ion is obt ained from t he report aft er complet ing t he
loading process.
Sect i on 1:
Diamet er = 5 FEET
Tray Spacing = 24 I NCHES
St ages = 2 t o 4

Sect i on 2:
Diamet er = 6 FEET
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 365
Tray Spacing = 30 I NCHES
St ages = 5 t o 7

Sect i on 3:
Diamet er = 8 FEET
Tray Spacing = 18 I NCHES
St ages = 8 t o 10

The sizing program will design a double diamet er t ower wit h t he
following dimensions:
Top Sect ion
Diamet er
= 6 FEET
Top Sect ion Tray
Spacing
=
30 I NCHES
Top Sect ion St ages
=
2 t o 7
Bot t om Sect ion
Diamet er
=
8 FEET
Bot t om Sect ion
Tray Spacing
=
18 I NCHES
Bot t om Sect ion
St ages
=
8 t o 10

The program est imat es t he cross sect ional area for each st age.
Then, t he maximum value is used t o design t he single diamet er
t ower. I n case of double diamet er t ower, t he program est imat es
t he diamet er for t he bot t om sect ion and t he t op sect ion based on
t he cross sect ional area est imat ed for each st age.
Si ev e Tr ay Desi gn
The capacit y fact or, CSB, is evaluat ed based on t he correlat ion
developed for ent rainment flooding by Kist er and Haas. Jeronimo
et . al correlat ion is used t o est imat e t he clear liquid height in t he
spray regime. St rict ly, t he Jeronimo and Swist owski correlat ion
predict s t he clear liquid height at t he t ransit ion from t he frot h t o
t he spray regime. However, empirical evidence has shown t hat
clear liquid height in t he spray regime is much t he same as clear
liquid height at t hat t ransit ion.
The CSB est imat ed at t he flooding point is used t o evaluat e t he
flooding vapor velocit y.
366 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
The bubbling area is calculat ed based on flood velocit y, t he
derat ing fact or and t he safet y fact or. ( Column default design is
90% of flood. )
Downcomer liquid velocit y is based on t he foaming t endency of
t he fluid and t ray spacing. Foaming t endency can be specified on
t he Design Crit eria specificat ions form.
The downcomer cross- sect ional area is based on t he downcomer
velocit y and t he maximum liquid flow inside t he t ower.
The t ot al t ower cross- sect ional area is calculat ed by adding t he
bubbling area and t he downcomer area.
The diamet er of t he t ower is obt ained from t he cross- sect ional
area by rounding t he area up t o t he next half foot . The minimum
diamet er for t he t ower is 1. 5 FEET.
Val v e Tr ay Desi gn
Valve t ray sizing is based on t he V- t ype Ballast t rays produced
by Glit sch. The syst em fact ors are est imat ed based on t he fluid
classificat ion performed on t he fluid flowing t hrough t he column.
The t ray diamet er is evaluat ed for eit her single pass t rays or t wo
pass t rays. I t is based on 24 I NCHES t ray spacing and 80% of
flood.
Bi bl i ogr aphy
Dist illat ion Design , by Henry Z. Kist er.
Applied Process Design For Chemical And Pet rochemical Plant ,
Volumes 1 and 3, by Ernest E. Ludvig.
St andard Handbook of Engineering Calculat ions , by Tyler G.
Hicks
Chemical Engineers HandBook , by Perry and Chilt on, 6t h
Edit ion.
Bubbl e- Cap Tr ay Desi gn
The allowable vapor velocit y and t he corresponding diamet er for
bubble- cap t rays have been represent ed by t he Jer sey Cr i t i cal
formula which corresponds t o t he work by Souder and Brown for
column flooding.
( )
2 1
/ 0956 . 0
v L v
K W D =
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 367
where:
D = Diameter, FEET
W
v
= vapor flow rate, LB/H

L
= liquid density, LB/CF

v
= vapor density, LB/CF

The fact or K depends on t he t ray spacing as follows:
Tray Spacing, INCHES 18 24 30 30+
K 3.4 4.2 4.7 5.0
Pack ed Tow er Desi gn
Packed t ower design is accomplished for bot h random and
st ruct ured packings. The various t ypes of packings support ed by
t he syst em are described in t he I carus Reference.
Kist er and Gill flood point correlat ion is used t o est imat e
pressure drop at t he flood point as a funct ion of packing fact or
alone.

FL
= .155 ( F
p
0. 7)


where:

FL
= Pressure drop at flood point
F
p
Packing factor

Not e: You can provide t he value for t he packing fact or on t he
Design Crit eria specificat ions form. The syst em default s are used
for each of t he different t ypes of packings if you do not ent er a
value.
Once t his pressure drop is known, t he flood velocit y is calculat ed
using t he lat est version of GPDC ( Generalized Pressure Drop
Correlat ion) chart s for bot h random and st ruct ured packings.

HETP Pr edi ct i on
You can provide t he HETP value on t he Design Crit eria
specificat ions form. I f t he value is not specified, rules of t humb
predict ion report ed in lit erat ure are used t o predict t he packed
t ower efficiency.
For random packing columns, t he following rules are used for
est imat ing HETP ( FEET) :
368 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
HETP = 1. 5 d
p

d
p
= Packing diamet er, I NCHES
HETP > D
T
for D
T
< 2 FEET
For est imat ing t he st ruct ured packing efficiency, t he following
rule of t humb is used:
HETP,
I NCHES
= 1200 / a
p
+ 4
a
p
= Packing surface area per unit volume, SF/ CF

Sy st em Def aul t s
The following syst em default values may be modified on t he
Design Crit eria specificat ions form and Component Specificat ions
form:
Tr ay ed Tow er Def aul t s
Tray Type = Sieve
Tray Spacing = 24 inches
Flooding Fact or = 80 %
Foaming Tendency = Moderat e
Pack ed Tow er Def aul t s
Packing Type = Random
Packing Mat erial = 1. 0PPR
Specific area per unit
volume for t he
packing
= 0. 75 SF/ CF

Gener al Def aul t s
Top vapor
disengagement
height
= 4 FEET
Bot t om sump height = 6 FEET

Si mSci s SHORTCUT Col umn Oper at i on
I n case of SHORTCUT column operat ion, t he simulat or provides
only t he minimum reflux rat io for t he dist illat ion process. To
design t he t ower, t he rat io of t he operat ing reflux rat io and
minimum reflux rat io has t o be provided. The syst em uses t he
default value of 2. 0 for t he rat io. The rat io can be changed on
t he Design Crit eria specificat ions form ( see page 170) . I f t he
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 369
simulat or report does not cont ain informat ion ( number of t rays)
for t he operat ing reflux rat io, t he t ower sizing program ret urns
t o t he syst em wit hout performing sizing for t he t ower.
Vessel s
Hor i zont al Vessel s
The following graphic shows a t ypical horizont al vessel.

The following design variables are specified on t he Design
Crit eria specificat ions form:
Residence Time
Process Vessel Height t o Diamet er Rat io
Minimum Vessel Diamet er
Vapor/ Liquid Separat or Sizing Met hod
Average Liquid Part icle Diamet er
Design fact or mult iplier for disengagement velocit y
Separat ion Fact or
Vapor area / cross sect ional area
Separat ion Fact or Mult iplier
Minimum Boot Lengt h ( used in Horizont al Vessel Design)
Minimum Boot diamet er
Boot Leg Liquid Velocit y
370 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s
Desi gn Requi r ement s
The maximum number of exit st reams is t hree; t wo of t he
st reams can be liquid.
Cal cul at i ng Di amet er
Vessel diamet er is based on t he maximum allowable vapor
velocit y inside t he separat or, t o reduce t he liquid ent rainment in
t he vapor.
The following t wo met hods are available in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or ( chosen from t he Design Crit eria specificat ions) t o
obt ain vapor velocit y.
Liquid Ent rainment Met hod
Part icle size separat ion met hod.
Cal cul at i ng Vapor Vel oci t y
Li qui d Ent r ai nment Met hod
The maximum allowable vapor velocit y, t o reduce liquid
ent rainment is obt ained as a funct ion of liquid and vapor densit y
and t he Separat ion Fact or, which it self is a polynomial funct ion
of vapor and liquid densit y and vapor and liquid flowrat es. The
polynomial equat ion was based on 5% of liquid ent rained in t he
vapor and is valid for t he range ( defined below) of 0. 006 t o 5. 0.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you override t he comput ed
value of Separat ion Fact or.
W = l_mfr/ v_mfr * sqrt ( v_rho/ l_rho)
X = ln ( SF)
k_v = EXP( A + BX + CX^ 2 + DX^ 3 + EX^ 4)
K = k_v * k_vm
v_m = K * sqrt ( ( l_rho - v_rho) / v_rho)

where:
l_mfr = Light Liquid Mass Flow rat e
v_mfr = Vapor Mass Flow rat e
l_rho = Light Liquid Densit y
v_rho = Vapor Densit y
K = Syst em Fact or
SF = Separat ion Fact or
k_v = Polynomial Funct ion of SF
k_vm = Separat ion Fact or Mult iplier
A = - 1. 877478097
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 371
B = - 0. 8145804597
C = - 0. 1870744085
D = - 0. 0145228667
E = - 0. 0010148518

The above relat ion for Separat ion Fact or is valid for a W ( SF)
bet ween 0. 006 and 5. 0. I f W falls out side t he range, t he sizing
program gives a warning message and t he limit ing value of W is
used t o est imat e Separat ion Fact or.
For example, if calculat ed value of W is 0. 001, t hen t he value
used in t he correlat ion is 0. 006. I f t he calculat ed value of W is
10. 0, t hen t he value used in t he correlat ion is 6. 0.
Par t i cl e Si ze Separ at i on Met hod
This met hod est imat es t he disengagement velocit y of liquid
bubble in t he vapor space. The maximum allowable vapor
velocit y is det ermined as a percent age of t he disengagement
velocit y.
Liquid drops falling in gases appear t o be spherical up t o a
Reynolds number of 100. Large drops ( great er t han 0. 3125
I NCHES) will deform, wit h a result ing increase in drag, and in
some cases shat t er.
For est imat ing vapor velocit y, t he liquid bubbles are assumed t o
remain in spherical shape.
The t erminal set t ling velocit y can be obt ained for different flow
condit ions.
For laminar flow ( K < 3) :
v = g * ( rho_l - rho_v) * ( dp^ 2) / ( 18. 0 * mu_v)

and for t urbulent region:
v = 1.74 (g * dp * (rho_l - rho_v) / rho_v)^0.5

where:
K = dp * ( g * rho_v * ( rho_l - rho_v) / ( mu_v^ 2) ) ^ 0. 33
v = disengagement velocit y
g = gravit at ional const an
rho_l = liquid densit y
rho_v = vapor densit y
dp = liquid bubble diamet er
mu_v = gas viscosit y ( assumed t o be 0. 05 LB/ FT/ H)
372 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s

The design velocit y is t hen est imat ed by t he following equat ion:
v_m = v * f

where:
v_m = disengagement velocit y
f = design fact or mult iplier for disengagement velocit y
v = disengagement

Cal cul at i ng v essel cr oss- sect i onal ar ea
Vapor cross sect ional area is est imat ed based on t he vapor
velocit y and t he vapor volumet ric flow. The vapor cross sect ional
area is divided by t he rat io of vapor area/ cross sect ional area t o
get t he t ot al required cross sect ional area.
v_csa = v_vol/ v_m
t _csa = v_csa/ r_vc

where:
v_csa = Vapor area
v_vol = Vapor volumet ric flow
r_vc = Vapor area/ cross sect ional area
t _csa = Vessel cross sect ional area

Est imat e Vessel diamet er based on vapor flow:
D_v = sqrt ( ( t _csa * 4) / )

where:
D_v = Vessel Diamet er based on vapor flow
= 3.14

Est imat e vessel diamet er based on liquid holdup volume and
user- specified value of L/ D rat io.
The maximum value of diamet er calculat ed using vapor velocit y
and liquid holdup is used for final design.
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 373
Cal cul at i ng Lengt h
Vessel liquid holdup volume is obt ained based on t he light liquid
flowrat e and t he residence t ime. The vessel lengt h is t hen
calculat ed as given below:
l_vol = l_vfr * r_t
L = ( l_vol * 4) / ( * D^ 2 * ( 1 - r_vc) )

where:
l_vol = Liquid holdup volume
L = Lengt h
l_vfr
=
Light liquid volumet ric flowrat e
r_t
=
Residence t ime
r_vc
=
r_vc

Check i ng L/ D Rat i o
For all liquid vessels L/ D is calculat ed as follows:
If P <= 250 PSIA, then L/D= 3
If 250 < P <= 500 PSIA, then L/D = 4
If P > 500 PSIA, then L/D= 5
Aft er est imat ing t he lengt h ( L) and diamet er ( D) of t he vessel,
t he rat io of L/ D is compared wit h t he Process Vessel Height t o
Diamet er Rat io specified on t he Design Crit eria specificat ions
form.
Est i mat i ng Boot Di mensi ons
Boot dimensions will be est imat ed only if t he exit st reams
cont ain a heavier liquid phase. Boot diamet er is based on t he
heavier liquid phase volume and boot liquid velocit y.
Boot volume ( bt _vol) = hl_vfr * r_t
Boot cross sect ion area
( bt _csa)
= bt _vol / hl_vel
Boot diamet er ( d)
= sqrt ( 4. 0 * bt _csa / )
Boot lengt h ( l)
= ( bt _vol * 4) / ( * d^ 2)

where:
hl_vfr = heavy liquid volumet ric flow rat e
hl_vel = heavy liquid velocit y
l = boot lengt h
d = boot diamet er
374 5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s

Ver t i cal Vessel s
The following graphic shows a t ypical vert ical vessel.

The following design variables are specified on t he Design
Crit eria specificat ions form:
Residence Time
Process Vessel Height t o Diamet er Rat io
Minimum Vessel Diamet er
Vapor/ Liquid Separat or Sizing Met hod
Average liquid part icle diamet er
Design fact or mult iplier for disengagement velocit y
Separat ion Fact or
5 Si zi ng Pr oj ect Component s 375
Minimum Disengagement Height
Minimum height above t he mist eliminat or
Height of Mist Eliminat or
Vessel diamet er is calculat ed in t he same manner as for
horizont al vessels. The default value of Separat ion Fact or
Mult iplier is available in t he Design Crit eria specificat ions.
Cal cul at i ng Vessel Hei ght
Vessel liquid holdup volume is based on t he light liquid flowrat e
and t he residence t ime. The liquid height in t he vessel is t hen
calculat ed and t he addit ional height is added t o obt ain t he
overall vessel height .
l_vol = l_vfr * r_t
l_ht = ( l_vol * 4) / ( * D^ 2)
h = LLLTap_ht + l_ht + HLLTap_ht + d_ht + me_ht + mea_ht

where:
l_vol = liquid holdup volume
l_vfr = light liquid volumet ric flowrat e
r_t = residence t ime
l_ht =
liquid height based on residence t ime
LLLTap_ht =
minimum height bet ween low liquid level t ap and
t angent line ( design crit eria)
ddHLLTap_ht =
height bet ween inlet nozzle and high liquid level
t ap ( desig crit eria)
d_ht =
disengagement height
me_ht =
mist eliminat or height
mea_ht =
Height above t he mist eliminat or

I f t he calculat ed l_ht is less t han t he minimum height bet ween
t he t aps, specified in t he design crit eria, t hen t he minimum
height is used.
Check i ng L/ D r at i o
For al l l i qui d
Aft er est imat ing t he lengt h ( L) and diamet er ( D) of t he vessel,
t he rat io of L/ D is compared wit h t he Process Vessel Height t o
Diamet er Rat io specified on t he Design Crit eria specificat ions
form.
376 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on
Model s
Over vi ew
I carus provides hundreds of default piping and inst rument at ion
drawings ( P&I Ds) , each associat ed wit h a process equipment
it em. I f a process equipment it em has a P&I D, t he P&I D but t on
is act ive on t he Component Speci f i cat i ons form.
Usi ng t he P&I D Edi t or
Feat ur es of P&I Ds
Funct ionalit y equivalent t o I carus 2000 added t o Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or
Uses I nt ergraph RAD t echnology as drawing engine
I nt elligent P&I D for single component only
Port based syst em wit h Piping, Elect ronic, Pneumat ic,
Thermocouple and Process Connect ion port s
Piping and Process Connect ion port s are uni- direct ional;
ot hers are bi- direct ional
Administ rat or mode for building component s or user P&I D
models for syst em library
User mode select s syst em default models or alt ernat e user
P&I D models
User can modify some charact erist ics of P&I D in a proj ect
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 377
Uses Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or line diamet er and lengt h
calculat ions or user supplied calculat ions using Line Sizing
Equat ion Edit or
P&I D Modes
You can work wit h P&I Ds in t wo ways:
I f you are not in a specific proj ect , you are in Admi ni st r at or
mode. Use Admi ni st r at or mode t o build component s or t o
build user P&I Ds for t he Syst em Library.
I f you are in a specific proj ect , you are in User mode. I n
User mode, you can select syst em default models or user
P&I D models. You can also modify some P&I D charact erist ics.
P&I D Lay out and St r uct ur e
To access t he P&I D user i nt er f ace:
1 On t he palet t e, click t he Li br ar i es t ab.
2 On t he Li br ar i es t ab, double- click t he P&I Ds icon .

378 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
The P&I D User I nt erface appears.

The left pane cont ains t he User P&I Ds. This is where you can
creat e cust omized drawings and manage your library.
The right pane cont ains t he Syst em P&I Ds. This is where you
view t he syst em PI Ds.
I n t he User P&I D Libraries area, you can add
cat egories
files
You can creat e folders t o organize your cust om drawings. The
sy st em PI Ds are organized by equipment t ype. You cannot add
or remove PI D files and folders cannot be added or removed
from t he sy st em area, but you can cust omize a syst em drawing
by copying and past ing or dragging and dropping int o t he User s
PI Ds area.
Each PI D file can only be used for a specific equipment t ype,
such as a horizont al t ank. A file can be furt her limit ed t o an
applicat ion of t hat equipment t ype, such as Bat ch operat ions.
You specify t his when you init ial creat e your init ial PI D.
To add a new cat egor y t o t he User P&I D Li br ar i es ar ea:
1 Right - click User P&I D Li br ar i es.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click New | Cat egor y .
The r ename dialog box appears.
3 I n t he r ename dialog box, t ype t he name for your new
cat egory.
4 Click OK.
Your new cat egory appears in under User P&I D Li br ar i es.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 379
To add a new User P&I D f i l e:
1 Right - click User P&I D Li br ar i es or t he cat egory under which
you want t o insert t he new file. .
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click New | Fi l e.
The New Fi l e dialog box appears.

3 On t he New Fi l e dialog box, t ype:
o t he Name for t he P&I D file ( required)
o a Descript ion of t he P&I D file ( opt ional)
Not e: Each PI D file can only be used for cert ain equipment
t ypes
o t he I t em Symbol ( t ype of equipment ) t his new drawing will
apply t o ( for example, VT) . You can browse for t he I t em
Symbol by clicking t he Mor e but t on .
o t he I t em Type ( opt ional) t o furt her rest rict t he drawing t o
an individual applicat ion ( for example, St or age onl y) . You
can browse for t he I t em Type by clicking t he Mor e but t on
.
Not e: I f you leave t he I t em Ty pe field blank, t he P&I D will
apply t o all applicat ions of t he select ed I t em Symbol ( for
example, al l VTs) .
4 When you are sat isfied wit h t he det ails of t he new file,
Click OK t o insert t he new file.
- or -
Click Cancel t o abandon adding t he new file.
380 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
Not e: I f you click OK in St ep 4 above, t his will be a blank
drawing where you must draw t he desired drawing.
To Del et e ( Remov e) a User P&I D cat egor y or f i l e:
1 Right - click t he cat egory or file you want t o remove.
2 Click Remove.
Your cat egory or file is removed.
The Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or PI D
Lay out : Radpf s I nt er f ace
This second user int erface is t he Radpfs drawing t ool. This
applicat ion let s you view a PI D and make changes t o it .
The main area of t he int erface is t he drawing area. The symbol
menu is on t he left side of t he screen and t he labels are at t he
bot t om.

The drawing area cont ains t he PI D obj ect s and t he labels. The
labels include:
PI D t it le
number
dat e
company name
Use t he t oolbars at t he t op for:
drawing
zooming
labeling
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 381
and so on
Not e: You can remove t he t oolbars at t he t op t o give you more
drawing space.
Sy mbol Menu
The symbol menu is where you can select obj ect s t o add t o t he
drawing. These obj ect s include:
equipment symbols
inst rument bubbles
piping lines
valves and fit t ings
Sy mbol Menu Det ai l s
The illust rat ions below show t he det ails of t he Sy mbol menu.


382 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
Sy mbol menu cat egor i es
The Li ne t y pes sect ion of t he Symbol menu includes:
Elect ronic
Pneumat ic
Thermocouple
Process connect ions
When you select a l i ne t ype in t he Sy mbol menu, all of t he
port s of t his t ype on t he PI D appear.
The Pi pi ng sect ion of t he Sy mbol menu cont ains all of t he
valves and fit t ings t hat have graphical represent at ions. Here are
some example Pi pi ng obj ect s:

Under t he I nst r ument at i on heading of t he Sy mbol menu you
will find t he cont rol valves, which can be connect ed t o piping
lines and inst rument bubbles t o form loops. Here you will also
find t he inst rument bubbles, which can be connect ed t o
equipment symbols or piping lines using process connect ions
port s; t he bubbles are connect ed t o each ot her and cont rol
valves using elect ronic and pneumat ic port s t o form loops.
Here are some example I nst rument at ion obj ect s:


The last t wo headings of t he Sy mbol menu cont ain t he
equipment symbols:
Equi pment cont ains t he syst em default equipment symbols.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 383
Cust om Equi pment cont ains any cust omized equipment
symbols.
Wor k i ng w i t h Por t s
The RadPfs PI D edit or is a por t based syst em. Port s:
let you connect piping and inst rument at ion lines t o obj ect s in
your PI D
appear on t he PI D as arrows
display t he port name if t he cursor is posit ioned over it

Por t Pr oper t i es
Every port has t he following propert ies:
Name
Type A port can be connect ed only t o anot her of t he same
t ype
o Piping
o Process Connect ion
o Elect rical
o Pneumat ic
o Thermocouple
Direct ion
o I n
o Out
o Bi- direct ional
Mak i ng Por t s Vi si bl e
To mak e por t s vi si bl e:
On t he Sy mbol menu, under Li ne Types, click t he t ype of
line for which you want t o make t he port s visible.
384 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
For example, if you want t o make t he Piping port s visible on your
drawing, under Li ne Ty pes, click Pi pi ng.
The Pi pi ng port s are now visible, as shown below.

For mi ng Connect i ons Usi ng Por t s
To use por t s t o f or m connect i ons ( or dr aw a l i ne) on t he
dr aw i ng:
1 On t he Sy mbol menu, click t he port t ype you want . Port s of
t hat t ype are made visible.

2 I n t he drawing, left - click t he port you want t o use. A dot t ed
red line showing t he link moves as you move t he mouse.

3 Left - click anot her port of t he t ype you are using. A line will be
drawn aut omat ically bet ween t he t wo port s. You might use
t his t echnique for a branching pipe or inst rument loops.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 385

- or -
I n t he case of pi pi ng lines, drop t he ot her end of t he red
dot t ed line ont o a blank area on t he drawing. This will also
draw t he line aut omat ically, but it will represent a line coming
from or t raveling t o an area out side of t he drawing.
Edi t i ng P&I Ds
You can make changes t o a PI D in radpfs, such as:
adding piping lines
adding valves and fit t ings
adding inst rument at ion
adding labels
delet ing obj ect s
Addi ng Pi pi ng Li nes
Remember t hat at least one end of a line of pipe will be
connect ed t o a piping port on t he equipment symbol or anot her
line of pipe. The ot her end of t he piping line can be
connect ed t o a piping port or it can be
dropped ont o whit e space t o represent originat ing from or
t raveling t o a dest inat ion out side of t he PI D
The suggest ed order is t o:
1 Add t he line of pipe.
2 Supply a pipe number.
3 Add valves and fit t ings.
To add a pi pi ng l i ne:
1 On t he Sy mbol menu, click t he Piping line t ype.
386 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
2 Click a port you want t o use. As you move t he mouse around
t he screen you will see a red dot t ed line.


3 Click t o assign t he ot her end of t he line of pipe. A line will be
drawn aut omat ically for you.
The next st ep is t o supply a pipe number.
To suppl y a pi pe number :
1 Right - click on t he newly creat ed piping line.

2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Number Pi pi ng Li ne.
3 Type a pipe number for t he piping line number.
4 Click OK.
The next st ep is t o add valves and fit t ings.
To add a val ve or f i t t i ng:
1 I n t he left pane, expand Pi pi ng.
2 Click t he name of t he t ype of valve ( or ot her fit t ing) you want
t o add.
A graphical represent at ion in t he lower left pane. The example
below is of a but t erfly valve.

3 Click t he locat ion on t he line of pipe where you want t o add
t he valve or fit t ing.
I t is drawn and connect ed aut omat ically.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 387

To di spl ay t he l i ne number or t he descr i pt i on on t he PI D:
1 Right - click on a line.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click:
o Di spl ay Pi pi ng Number
o Di spl ay Pi pi ng descr i pt i on
To di spl ay mor e i nf or mat i on about t hi s l i ne of pi pe
1 Right - click t he line of pipe.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click select Vi ew Pi pi ng
Pr oper t i es.
The Pi pi ng Li ne Pr oper t i es dialog box appears.

Use t he Descr i pt i on field t o change t he descript ion of t his
line of pipe at t he t op of t he screen.
Use t he fields in t he Fi t t i ng group t o add valves and fit t ings
which do not have graphical represent at ions, such as elbows
or t ees. You can see t hat t he first t wo valves are grayed out
388 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
t hese have graphical represent at ions, so t hey must be
added or delet ed on t he PI D it self.
Use t he remainder of t he fields t o select fit t ings t o add.
Use t he fields in t he Li ne Si zi ng group t o specify line sizing
det ails. The Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or PI D syst em let s you
writ e line sizing rules t hat calculat e diamet er and lengt h
relat ive t o aspect s of t he component , such as volume or flow
rat e. See Line Sizing Tut orial, page 401, for det ails about how
t o creat e a new rule. The Li ne Si zi ng area is where you can
select a rule for use on t his piping line.
The Temper at ur e and Pr essur e Ty pe fields are for:
gas compressors
double diamet er t owers
heat exchangers
Use t hese fields t o t ell t he syst em where t his line of pipe is
connect ed t o one of t hese pieces of equipment .
The Connect t o equi pment l ocat i on field is used for nozzle
sizing for vessels and t owers only.
Addi ng I nst r ument at i on Loops
All inst rument at ion and cont rol valves in t he Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or syst em are grouped as loops. I f you are familiar wit h
t he I carus syst em, especially t he inst rument at ion inst allat ion
bulks form, a helpful concept is t hat :
By select ing bubbles and edit ing t he I nst r ument at i on
Pr oper t i es, you provide t he exact same informat ion you
would find in t he I nst al l at i on Bul k I nst r ument at i on
screen.
The suggest ed workflow for adding an inst rument loop is:
Add t he desired bubbles t o t he PI D.
Connect t he loop t oget her.
Provide a loop number.
The inst rument bubbles are found in t he Symbol Menu.
They are organized by locat ion, t hen by process variable.
Locat ion is import ant because it will affect t he pieces of
equipment generat ed in your est imat e: for inst ance, if you
choose a local cont rol bubble only, you will not get a run of
inst rument cable from t he field t o t he cont rol cent er. Cont rol
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 389
cent er bubbles will not have process connect ion port s, so choose
bubbles which represent your process most accurat ely.
To add i nst r ument bubbl es and cont r ol val ves t o t he PI D:
Not e: This example is a pressure loop wit h a cont rol valve.


1 On t he left pane, expand I nst r ument at i on.
2 Click t he inst rument at ion t ype you want t o place.
3 Move t he cursor int o t he drawing where you want t o place t he
inst rument at ion bubble; t hen click.
The bubble is placed in t he drawing.

4 Add t he next inst rument at ion bubbles one by one.
5 Add a cont rol valve ( I nst r ument at i on | Cont r ol Val v es |
< name of cont r ol v al v e> ) if necessary.

Next , t he process connect ion port s are used t o connect t he local
bubbles t o t he piping line or equipment symbol.
390 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
6 I n t he left pane, click Li ne Ty pes | Pr ocess Connect i on t o
display t he Pr ocess Connect i on port s so you can at t ach t he
bubble t o a line of pipe.

A dot t ed red line appears when you move t he cursor, showing
you where t he line will be drawn.
7 Click again where you want t he line t o connect .
8 I n t he left pane, click Li ne Ty pes | El ect r oni c t o display t he
El ect r oni c port s so you can connect t he rest of t he loop.

9 Click an El ect r oni c port .
A dot t ed red line appears when you move t he cursor, showing
you where t he line will be drawn.
10 Click again where you want t he line t o connect .
The line is connect ed.
11 Cont inue connect ing bubbles and port s unt il t he loop is
complet e.
12 Right - click anywhere on t he loop.
13 On t he menu t hat appears, click Number Loop.

6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 391

You can modify t he loop, by:
removing part s of t he loop from t he est imat e
adding a Back of Panel Opt ion
changing inst rument quant it y
and so on
To modi f y t he l oop:
1 Right click t he loop.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Vi ew Loop Pr oper t i es.
The Loop Pr oper t i es dialog box appears.

392 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
I f you are familiar wit h t he inst rument at ion inst allat ion bulk
form, you will probably not ice t hat t his int erface provides many
of t he same input s.
The following input s are unavailable, because t hey are
det ermined graphically by t he PI D loop bubbles:
o Process Variable
o Panel Act ion
o Sensor Type
o I nst rument Locat ion
o Signal Type
3 Use t he Loop Pr oper t i es dialog box t o cust omize:
o Descript ion: Loop name
o Back of Panel Opt ion
o Quant it y
o Number of Solenoids
o Loop Modificat ions
Remove specific pieces of t he loop from t he
est imat e
4 When you have finished cust omizing t he loop, click OK.
Addi ng or Edi t i ng P&I D Label s
Each PI D has space at t he bot t om for:
t it le
number
dat e
company name
To add or edi t P&I D l abel s:
1 At t he bot t om of t he drawing, double click in t he box you
want t o edit .
The t ext in t he box becomes red, indicat ing you can edit it .
2 Type your addit ions or edit s.
3 Click anywhere else in t he drawing.
Addi ng Mi scel l aneous Label s
You can add miscellaneous labels t hroughout t he PI D.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 393
To add a mi scel l aneous l abel :
1 On t he Label t oolbar, click t he Label icon as shown below.

Not e: I f t he Label t oolbar is not visible,
A Click Vi ew | Tool bar s.
B Select Label .
C Click OK.
2 Click in t he drawing where you want t o place t he label,
moving your cursor t o make a box int o which t he label will
go.
3 Type your label int o t he box.
4 Click anywhere else in t he drawing.
Del et i ng Pi pe, I nst r ument at i on, and Val v es
To del et e any obj ect s f r om y our dr aw i ng:
1 Right - click t he obj ect you want t o delet e.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Del et e.
When delet ing obj ect s, one common sit uat ion t hat is creat ed is a
disconnect ed line of pipe because you delet e a valve or fit t ing
from t he middle of it , as shown here.

Af t er del et i ng a v al ve

To r econnect t he l i ne:
1 Delet e one of t he loose ends.
394 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
2 Right click t he ot her loose end.
3 On t he menu t hat appears, click Reconnect Sour ce or
Reconnect Dest i nat i on, depending on t he direct ion of t he
pipe.

Li ne r econnect ed

Ef f i ci ent PI D Cr eat i on
When you creat e a drawing from scrat ch, t he recommended
workflow is t o add it ems in t his order:
1 Equipment symbol
2 Lines of pipe
3 Pipe numbers
4 Valves and fit t ings
5 I nst rument bubbles
6 Cont rol valves
7 I nst rument connect ions
8 I nst rument loop numbers
9 Labels
AspenTech has found t hat efficiency is improved by posit ioning
t he obj ect s in t he drawing before using port s t o form
connect ions. This is because moving t he obj ect s int o posit ion
before making all t he connect ions saves readj ust ment effort
lat er.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 395
Cosmet i c Ti ps
You can adj ust t he posit ion of any lines on your PI D by dragging
and dropping, as shown here.


When you move obj ect s around, you may see t hat t here are
kinks in some lines.

To st r ai ght en k i nk ed l i nes:
1 Right - click t he line you want t o st raight en.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Al i gn.


You can move all obj ect s on t he PI D, including line numbers,
descript ions, and t ext boxes, by dragging and dropping.
396 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
Adj ust i ng l i ne i nt er sect i on poi nt s
To adj ust t he posi t i on of connect i on poi nt s bet w een t w o
l i nes:
1 Posit ion t he mouse over t he connect ion point .
2 When t he arrow appears, click and hold t o drag and drop t he
connect ion up and down t he line.

When you use br anch or j oi n port s t o connect one piping line t o
anot her, t he br anch port is always on t he t op of t he line, and
t he j oi n port is on t he bot t om. Somet imes t his isnt what you
want .
To r ev er se t he connect i on:
1 Posit ion t he mouse over t he connect ion point .
2 Click and drag t o reverse t he connect ion.

Radpf s t ool bar s
The most oft en used t oolbars are:
t he Sy mbol menu
Label
Main
Draw
To add or del et e t ool bar s:
1 On t he main menu click Vi ew | Tool bar s.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 397
The Tool bar s dialog box appears.

2 On t he Tool bar s dialog box, select or clear t he check boxes
for t he t oolbars unt il you are sat isfied.
3 Click OK.
You can shift t oolbars around t he screen ( undock t hem) , by
dragging and dropping.
Zoomi ng
Use t he Zoom icons on t he Mai n t oolbar t o cont rol your view of
your drawing.

Use t hi s i con t o
Zoom Area
highlight an area t o zoom in on
Zoom I n
zoom in
Zoom Out
zoom out
Fit
fit t he viewable area t o t he full drawing area
Pan
move t he drawing around in t he drawing space

398 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
Cust om Equi pment Sy mbol s
I n addit ion t o using t he syst em default equipment symbols, you
can creat e cust om symbols. You can:
cust omize t he default symbols
import symbols
creat e your own symbols from scrat ch
Get t i ng St ar t ed w i t h Cust om Equi pment Sy mbol s
To add a new sy mbol t o t he sy st em:
1 Double- click a blank PI D file t o open Radpfs.
Not e: You can find a blank file by expanding Li st of Al l P&I D
Li br ar y Fi l es in t he cent er pane.
2 On t he Mai n menu bar, click Fi l e | Add Cust om Equi pment
Model .
The Add Cust om Model dialog box appears.

3 I n t he Ent er model name field, t ype a name for t he new
model.
4 I f you want , in t he Ent er di spl ay name field, t ype a
descript ion for t he new model.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 399
5 I n t he Sel ect cat egor y field, t ell t he syst em where in t he
folder st ruct ure you want t o keep t his new symbol ( t his is
where you will find it in t he Sy mbol menu) . We recommend
adding new symbols t o t he Cust om Equi pment heading.
Not e: On t his int erface you can creat e new subfolders by
double clicking on t he New cat egor y it ems.
Modi f y i ng a sy st em equi pment sy mbol
To modi f y a sy st em equi pment sy mbol :
1 Click Fi l e | Add cust om equi pment sy mbol .
2 Click Fi l e | Open.
3 I n t he / AspenTech/ RADPFS
< ver si on> / i cons/ AspenEQ/ direct ory, click a file.
4 Click t he equipment symbol t o highlight it .
5 Click Edi t | Copy; t hen select Wi ndow | < y our new
sy mbol f i l e> .
6 Right - click; t hen click Past e.
7 Drag and drop t he symbol t o posit ion t he symbol in t he
middle of t he drawing area.
Now y ou add por t s t o t he sy st em equi pment sy mbol .
When you are cust omizing a symbol, t he Por t menu is visible on
t he left - hand side of t he Radpfs int erface inst ead of t he Sy mbol
menu
To add a por t :
8 Right - click a t ype in t he Por t menu; t hen click add port .
9 Give t he port a descript ive name t hat indicat es t he int ended
funct ion of t he port .
10 Select a t ype; t hen click OK.
11 You can now put t his port int o posit ion by dragging and
dropping ont o t he equipment symbol.
12 Use right - click and rot at e t o adj ust t he orient at ion of t he port .
13 Repeat st eps 1 t hrough 5 t o add all t he port s you t hink youll
need
14 Save t he port s in t he Cust omEQ folder for use in fut ure PI Ds
15 Save t he symbol file in t he Cust omEQ folder.
This new symbol will now be available for use in fut ure drawings.
400 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
I mpor t i ng an equi pment sy mbol
I n addit ion t o cust omizing an I carus equipment symbol, you can
import a symbol image from an out side drawing package, such
as Aut oCad or Microst at ion, and add port s t o it .
To i mpor t a sy st em equi pment sy mbol :
1 Click Fi l e | Add cust om equi pment sy mbol .
2 Click Fi l e | Open.
3 Open an out side drawing inst ead of a symbol file from t he
AspenEQ folder.
4 Left - click t he equipment symbol and copy it .
5 Use t he Window menu t o swit ch back t o t he screen where you
are defining t he cust omized symbol.
6 Right click and past e t he symbol; drag and drop t o posit ion
t he symbol in t he middle of t he drawing area.
Now y ou add por t s t o t he sy st em equi pment sy mbol .
When you are cust omizing a symbol, t he Por t menu is visible on
t he left - hand side of t he Radpfs int erface inst ead of t he Sy mbol
menu
To add a por t :
7 Right - click a t ype in t he Por t menu; t hen click add port .
8 Give t he port a descript ive name t hat indicat es t he int ended
funct ion of t he port .
9 Select a t ype; t hen click OK.
10 You can now put t his port int o posit ion by dragging and
dropping ont o t he equipment symbol.
11 Use right - click and rot at e t o adj ust t he orient at ion of t he port .
12 Repeat st eps 1 t hrough 5 t o add all t he port s you t hink youll
need
13 Save t he port s in t he Cust omEQ folder for use in fut ure PI Ds
14 Save t he symbol file in t he Cust omEQ folder.
This import ed symbol will now be available for use in fut ure
drawings.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 401
Cr eat i ng an equi pment sy mbol f r om scr at ch
The t hird opt ion for creat ing new equipment symbols is t o draw
your own using t he Microsoft drawings t ools, found on t he Dr aw
t oolbar.
To cr eat e a sy st em equi pment sy mbol f r om scr at ch:
1 Click Fi l e | Add cust om equi pment sy mbol .
2 Use t he shapes in t he drawing t oolbar t o creat e your symbol

Now y ou add por t s t o t he sy st em equi pment sy mbol .
When you are cust omizing a symbol, t he Por t menu is visible on
t he left - hand side of t he Radpfs int erface inst ead of t he Sy mbol
menu
To add a por t :
3 Right - click a t ype in t he Por t menu; t hen click add port .
4 Give t he port a descript ive name t hat indicat es t he int ended
funct ion of t he port .
5 Select a t ype; t hen click OK.
6 You can now put t his port int o posit ion by dragging and
dropping ont o t he equipment symbol.
7 Use right - click and rot at e t o adj ust t he orient at ion of t he port .
8 Repeat st eps 1 t hrough 5 t o add all t he port s you t hink youll
need
9 Save t he port s in t he Cust omEQ folder for use in fut ure PI Ds
10 Save t he symbol file in / AspenTech/ RADPFS
< ver si on> / i cons/ Cust omEQ/ .
This new symbol will now be available for use in fut ure drawings.
Li ne si zi ng Tut or i al
I nst ead of using t he syst em default rules for calculat ing pipe
lengt h and diamet er, you can writ e your own. You can use t he
Line Sizing Equat ion Edit or t o creat e new rules which size t he
pipe according t o equipment propert ies such as:
volume
height
flow rat e
402 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
To access t he l i ne si zi ng Equat i on Edi t or :
Wit hout a proj ect open, on t he Li br ar i es t ab in t he right pane
of t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or int erface, double- click
Li ne Si zi ng Equat i on.
The Equat i on Edi t or dialog box appears.

The main list box cont ains t he equat ions which are part of t he
syst em at t his t ime. When you are edit ing an individual
equat ion, you will use t he input s at t he bot t om of t he int erface.
Li ne Si zi ng Equat i ons
Each line sizing equat ion is eit her a rule for calculat ing t he pipe
lengt h or diamet er. Each equat ion:
is eit her a Lengt h or Di amet er rule ( det ermines st art ing
let t er L or a D)
has a reference number ( example: 1001)
has a Descr i pt or line ( example: D1001D)
has a Equat i on line ( example: D1001E)
The first line in t he definit ion of a rule is t he Descr i pt or line.
This cont ains t he t ext descript ion and t he unit of measure basis.
The second line cont ains t he equat ion it self.

Not e: You can add as many comment lines as you want in t he
list box t o describe an equat ion or sect ion of equat ions.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 403
I n t he example above,
t he unit of measure basis is I P
t he lengt h is calculat ed as t he Diamet er of t he equipment
component divided by 2 plus 10 feet
To cr eat e a new l i ne si zi ng equat i on:
1 Wit hout a proj ect open, on t he Li br ar i es t ab in t he right pane
of t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or int erface, click Li ne
Si zi ng Equat i on.
The Equat i on Edi t or dialog box appears.

2 On t he Equat i on Edi t or dialog box, click t he Add but t on
t hree t imes t o add t hree more lines.
There are t hree st eps t o creat ing an Equat ion:
St ep 1: Add a comment or comment s
St ep 2: Specify t he Descript or and Unit s of Measure
St ep 3: Specify t he Equat ion it self
St ep 1 To add a comment or comment s:
1 Click t he first of t he newly- added lines t o highlight it .
2 Click Edi t .
3 I n t he Comment field, t ype any comment s you want t o
describe t his equat ion/ sect ion.

4 Click Appl y .
Your comment appears in t he main window.
404 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
St ep 2: To speci f y t he descr i pt or and Uni t s of Measur e:
1 Click t he second of t he newly- added lines t o highlight it .
2 On t he Car d Ty pe list , click Lengt h or Di amet er .

The ot her fields in t he row are now available.
3 I n t he Ref . No. field, t ype a unique Reference Number.
4 On t he Dat a Ty pe list , click Descr i pt or .
5 I n t he Descr i pt i on field, t ype a t ext descript ion for t his
equat ion.
6 On t he Uni t s list , click t he unit of measure basis for t his
equat ion.
Not e: The line sizing syst em has been const ruct ed so t hat all
quant it ies used in t he equat ions are assumed t o be in t he
select ed unit of measure basis.
o An I - P equat ion will result in a lengt h in feet or
diamet er in inches.
o A met ric equat ion will calculat e a lengt h in met ers or
a diamet er in mms.
o All variables used in t he equat ion will also be
calculat ed in t erms of t he select ed unit of measure
basis. For t his reason your equat ions can be used by
bot h Met ric and I - P proj ect s wit h equivalent result s.
7 Click Appl y .
St ep 3: To speci f y t he Equat i on i t sel f :
1 Click t he t hird of t he newly- added lines t o highlight it .
This line will cont ain t he equat ion used t o calculat e t he Lengt h or
Diamet er of t he piping line.
2 Creat e an equat ion using:
o real numbers
o variables select ed from t he Sy mbol s drop- down box
o operat or symbols from t he Oper at or s and
Oper ands area
3 When you are sat isfied wit h your equat ion, click Appl y .
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 405
4 Click Compi l e t o add t he new equat ion t o your syst em.
5 I f you are prompt ed as t o whet her t o save your changes
before compiling, click Yes.
6 Click Cl ose.
You can now use t his new equat ion in any PI D by select ing t he
equat ion in t he Pi pi ng Li ne Pr oper t i es screen Lengt h or
Di amet er drop- down boxes.
To open t he def aul t dr aw i ng f or a component :
Click t he arrow of t he P&I D but t on and, on t he
drop- down menu; t hen click Open Def aul t .

This opens t he drawing in t he P&I D Edit or, where you can print
t he drawing ( Fi l e | Pr i nt ) or send t he drawing t hrough
elect ronic mail ( Fi l e | Send) .
406 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s

You can use t he P&I D Edit or t o make modificat ions t o t he
drawing. Modificat ions affect only t he act ive proj ect .
You can also use t he P&I D Edit or t o creat e your own P&I Ds and
build a User P&I D Library. Then, when adding an equipment it em
in a proj ect , you can select t o use your cust om P&I D inst ead of
t he default .
The following sect ions explain how t o creat e cust om P&I Ds and
how t o use t hem in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
Usi ng Cust om P&I D s i n Aspen Capi t al Cost
Est i mat or
There are several ways t o use cust om P&I Ds in Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or:
Set a cust om drawing as a component s default P&I D. This
will make your cust om drawing t he component s default P&I D
in all fut ure proj ect s, unt il t he default is reset .
At t ach a cust om drawing t o a single component added t o a
proj ect .
Set a cust om drawing as a component s default P&I D for only
t he act ive proj ect .
Set t i ng a Component s Def aul t P&I D
You can make a cust om drawing a component s default P&I D.
This must be done wit h no proj ect open.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 407
To set a component s def aul t P&I D:
1 I n Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, wit h no proj ect open, click
t he Li br ar i es t ab in t he Palet t e.
2 Double- click P&I D t o open t he P&I D Libraries.
3 Click t he Component s t ab in t he Palet t e.
4 Right - click on a component ; t hen click Set Def aul t P&I D on
t he pop- up menu.

The Set Def aul t P&I D dialog box appears.

This dialog box displays t he name, locat ion, and applicat ion t ype
of t he default drawings for t he select ed equipment it em. The
Locat i on column shows Sy s for syst em drawings and User for
cust om user drawings in t he user folder.
5 Click t he default P&I D you want t o change out ; t hen click
Def aul t .
408 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
The Sel ect i on dialog box appears.

6 Click a P&I D file ( it will display t he complet e pat h of t he file
at t he bot t om of t he dialog box) ; t hen click OK.
7 Click OK t o close t he Set Def aul t P&I D dialog box.
Reset t i ng t he Def aul t P&I D
You can reset t he default t o t he original syst em P&I D.
To r eset a component s def aul t P&I D:
1 I n Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, wit h no proj ect open, click
t he Li br ar i es t ab in t he Palet t e.
2 Double- click P&I D t o open t he P&I D Libraries.
3 Click t he Component s t ab in t he Palet t e.
4 Right - click on t he component .
5 On t he menu t hat appears, click Set Def aul t P&I D.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 409

The Set Def aul t P&I D dialog box appears.

6 Click t he P&I D file you want t o change out ; t hen click Reset .
The original default file replaces t he user- select ed one.
7 Click OK.
At t achi ng a Cust om P&I D t o a Component
You can at t ach a cust om P&I D t o a component :
when adding a component t o a proj ect
when modifying a previously added component
To at t ach a cust om P&I D t o a component :
1 On t he Component Speci f i cat i ons form, click t he P&I D
but t ons drop- down arrow and click Sel ect and Open
Al t er nat e.
410 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s

2 On t he Sel ect i on dialog box, click t he cust om drawing; t hen
click OK.
3 Aft er t he drawing is displayed, on t he Fi l e menu click Ex i t
and click No in t he Cl ose dialog box for saving changes.
Set t i ng a Component s Def aul t P&I D i n Act i v e
Pr oj ect Onl y
To set t he def aul t P&I D f or an act i v e pr oj ect :
1 At t ach a P&I D file t o t he component ( see above) .
2 Click t he P&I D but t ons arrow; t hen click Set as Def aul t on
t he menu.
Def aul t P&I D Opt i ons: Al w ay s FULL or
Det er mi ned by User Opt i ons
When you open t he default P&I D for an equipment it em t he
syst em will open t he FULL model if t his is an opt ion. This
behavior is independent of your input in t he Pi pi ng and
I nst r ument Desi gn fields at t he Pr oj ect or Ar ea levels. ( The
opt ions for t hese fields are STD ( st andard) or FULL) . I f you
prefer t o have t he syst em t o check t hese input s when select ing
t he default P&I D, you can change t he behavior of t he syst em by
navigat ing t o t he following direct ory:
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 411
/Program Files/Aspen Tech/Economic Evaluation
V7.1/Program/Sys/Drawings/
The t ext file pni dcr os.t bl det ermines t his behavior.
To have t he sy st em t o consi der t he STD or FULL i nput :
1 Delet e t he exist ing pni dcr os.t bl file.
2 Copy STDor FULLpni dcr os.t bl ; t hen rename t he new copy
pni dcr os.t bl .
To r ever t t o t he def aul t behavi or ( def aul t i s al w ay s FULL) :
I f you want t o revert back t o t he default behavior ( default is
always FULL ) repeat t his process wit h t he
ORI GI NALpnidcros. t bl file.
Wor k i ng w i t h Non- Gr aphi c
P&I D Dat a
I nside a Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect , you can open a
component form wit h piping and inst rument at ion dat a, t hen save
t hat informat ion as non- graphical P&I D in a P&I D library file.
You can also creat e non- graphical P&I D libraries out side a
proj ect from t he Li br ar y t abs and save t hem in new or exist ing
library files.
Savi ng Coi mponent I nf or mat i on as Non-
Gr aphi cal P&I D
To save component i nf or mat i on as non- gr aphi cal P&I D:
1 Open a component form.
2 Add or modify piping and/ or inst rument at ion dat a.
3 Save t he informat ion by clicking Appl y .
4 On t he t oolbar, click t he arrow t o t he right of Opt i ons.
5 On t he menu t hat appears, click Non- gr aphi cal P&I D.
6 Click Sav e P&I D i n a l i br ar y .
A list of exist ing library files along wit h an opt ion t o creat e a new
library file appears.
7 Eit her creat e a new library file, or click a library file on t he
displayed list .
412 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
8 Specify a unique name for t he P&I D and save it in t he library
file.
Not e: P&I D informat ion will be saved wit hout diamet er and
lengt h informat ion for pipes.
Cr eat i ng Non- Gr aphi cal P&I D Li br ar i es
Out si de a Pr oj ect
To cr eat e non- gr aphi cal P&I D l i br ar i es out si de a pr oj ect :
1 On t he Li br ar y t ab, click Non- gr aphi cal P&I D.
A list of exist ing library files appears. You can also or creat e a
new library file folder.
2 Click t he desired library file folder; t hen right - click.
3 On t he menu t hat appears, click Cr eat e New .
4 On t he dialog box t hat appears, t ype t he P&I D name; t hen
click OK.
A window appears similar t o component form, wit h opt ions only
for piping and inst rument at ion inst allat ion bulks.
5 Specify informat ion for lines and loops; t hen save t he P&I D
informat ion in t he library file.
You can also copy an exist ing P&I D in a library file, assign it a
new name, modify it , t hen save in t he same or different library
file.
I mpor t i ng Ex t er nal P&I D Dat a
Generat e proj ect est imat e by import ing piping and
inst rument at ion informat ion from SPPI D ( I nt ergraph Smart Plant
P&I D, an ext ernal P&I D drawing t ool) in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or.
I mport ing of P&I D Drawings generat ed in I nt ergraph Smart Plant
P&I D int o Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or comprises of t wo st eps:
1. Export t he P&I D Drawing t o an XML file t hrough t he Use of
TEF.
2. I mport t he XML file using t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
framework.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 413
The import process generat es piping and inst rument at ion
inst allat ion bulk set s for all P&I D equipment s in Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or. No Graphical dat a is import ed.
Open a new or exist ing Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect ,
and add equipment component s t o t he new proj ect .
Because t he equipment dat a in a P&I D drawing is not sufficient
t o develop equipment component s in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or, you must creat e t he equipment component s ( present
in P&I D drawings) in a Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect .
Subsequent ly, t he PI D XML file is import ed using t he I mpor t
P&I D Dr aw i ng on t he Fi l e menu.

Browse to the location where the exported XML files are stored, and select the
appropriate exported XML File.
414 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s

Upon select ing t he XML File:
PI D Dat a ( Equipment , Lines, and Loops) are import ed int o a
Temporary Access Dat abase.
A Preliminary Evaluat ion of t he Proj ect is performed t o
generat e Volumet ric ( or I nst allat ion) Bulk Pipe Lines.
A Mapping GUI is Launched: The GUI displays Equipment and
Lines from bot h t he P&I D Drawing, and t he Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or Proj ect .
You are expect ed t o map SPPI D Equipment t o Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or Equipment , and SPPI D Pipe line t o Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or I nst allat ion bulk pipe.
Alt ernat ely, you can select Aut omap, and map equipment
and lines by user t ag and line t ag.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 415

Select t he desired SPPI D Equipment t o map:
Det ails about t he select ed equipment appear in t he lower t ext
area.
P&I D Lines connect ed t o t he Equipment are list ed in t he
P&I D Li ne list .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Equipment t hat are similar or
have t he same t ag are list ed in t he Aspen Capi t al Cost
Est i mat or Equi pment list .
When you hover over any it em on any list , a t oolt ip list s
det ails about t he it em.
Select t he SPPI D Equipment and an appropriat e Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or Equipment ; t hen click t he Map but t on.
416 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s



Cont inue unt il all equipment are mapped t o Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or; t hen proceed t o map t he SPPI D Lines t o Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or equipment or lines.
Select t he desired SPPI D line t o map:
Det ails about t he select ed line appear in t he lower t ext area
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 417
When you hover over any line, a t oolt ip list s det ails about t he
line
A PI D Pipe Line can be mapped t o Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or Equipment or t o an individual Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or pipe line
o Select a Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Equipment t o map t o
o Select a Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or line t o map
o Click t he Map but t on
Not e: You can choose t o map one long SPPI D line t o t wo
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or lines. I n t his case, fit t ings are
part it ioned bet ween t he t wo Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
lines.
I n t he example given below, Line P- 13802- 4 - 1S3984 is
mapped t o t he cent rifugal pump; if you want ed t o map it t o t he
cent rifugal pump inlet , t hen t he SPPI D line can be mapped t o
DCP- 2 Li ne 2.

Cont inue mapping SPPI D lines t o Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
Equipment or Lines unt il all t he int erconnect ing lines are
mapped. I f a single SPPI D line is mapped t o t wo Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or lines, t he fit t ings on t he line are dist ribut ed t o
bot h lines of Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.
When All Equipment and Lines have been mapped, you can
choose t o do one of t hree t hings:
Save mapping and exit , for inst ance, t o import more drawings
( t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Proj ect not yet updat ed
wit h lines and loops)
418 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
Updat e t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect wit h
line/ fit t ings and loop/ inst rument dat a
Cancel and quit t he mapping GUI .
Aft er all piping and equipment from one or more drawings have
been import ed and mapped, t he proj ect is updat ed. This result s
in piping and inst rument at ion inst allat ion bulk set s for all P&I D
equipment s in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. No Graphical dat a is
import ed.
I nt er connect i ng Vol umet r i c
P&I D Li nes
Connect pipelines bet ween component s in a Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or proj ect , est imat e t he proj ect , and creat e piping line list
report for connect ed lines wit h t he same line t ag.
Open a Aspen Capi t al Cost Est i mat or
pr oj ect
Open a new or exist ing Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect ,
add equipment component s t o t he new proj ect .

Run I nt er connect Pi pi ng Li nes
To r un i nt er connect pi pi ng l i nes:
1 On t he main t ool bar, click Run.
2 Click I nt er connect Pi pi ng Li nes t o launch t he GUI as shown
below:
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 419

The GUI displays five list s. All equipment and it s associat ed
pipelines in t he proj ect are displayed in t wo groups:
Connect From
Connect To
The first t wo list s display equipment and piping lines in t he
Connect Fr om group.
The t hird list displays all connect ed lines.
The fourt h and fift h list s display piping lines and equipment in
t he Connect To group.

3 On t he list in t he Connect Fr om and Connect To groups,
click t he desired equipment it em.
420 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
The line list s will t hen display only t he lines corresponding t o t he
select ed equipment s. When t he mouse hovers over an
equipment or a line, t he t oolt ip in t he list provides addit ional
informat ion relat ed t o t his it em. The relat ed addit ional
informat ion is also displayed in t he bot t om t ext area when
clicking on an equipment or a line.
Connect i ng Pi pi ng Li nes
To connect t w o l i nes:
1 Select t he Aut o Gener at e Li ne Tag check box, or, in t he
Li ne Tag field, t ype a unique line t ag.
2 I n t he Connect Fr om line list , click a piping line.
3 I n t he Connect To line list , click t he desired line.
4 Click Connect .

5 Repeat St eps 1- 4 above t o connect all t he desired lines
bet ween t he equipment it ems.
Not e: Use Fi l t er t o display all disconnect ed equipment or all
disconnect ed lines.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 421

Di sconnect i ng Pi pi ng Li nes
To di sconnect al l ex i st i ng pi pel i ne connect i ons bet w een
al l equi pment s:
Click Di sconnect Al l .
All connect ed lines will be removed from middle list and will be
displayed in t he respect ive line list .
To di sconnect a speci f i c l i ne bet w een t he t w o equi pment s:
I n t he middle list , click a line it em; t hen click Di sconnect .

Renami ng a Li ne Tag
To r ename a l i ne t ag:
1 On t he Connect i ng list , click t he desired it em.
2 I n Li ne Tag field, edit t he line t ag.
3 Click Rename Li ne Tag.
422 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s

Savi ng Al l Connect i ons and ( opt i onal l y )
Updat i ng t he Pr oj ect
To save al l t he connect i ons and updat e t he pr oj ect :
Click t he Updat e Pr oj ect .
To save al l t he connect i ons w i t hout updat i ng t he pr oj ect :
Click t he Sav e Mappi ng & Ex i t .
All connect ions on t he GUI are saved, but t he proj ect is not
updat ed.
Get t i ng t he Connect ed Li ne Li st Repor t
To get t he connect ed l i ne l i st r epor t :
1 Evaluat e t he above proj ect .
2 Click Vi ew | Capi t al Cost Vi ew .
The Sel ect Repor t Ty pe t o Vi ew dialog box appears.
3 On t he Sel ect Repor t Ty pe t o Vi ew dialog box, click
I nt er act i v e Repor t s; t hen click OK
The report er is act ive.
4 Click Ex cel r epor t s.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 423
5 Click Ot her r epor t s | Di sci pl i ne | Pi pe:
o Connect ed Li ne Li st
- or-
o Model Li ne Li st
as shown below:

6 Click Run Repor t .
The report is shown below:
Connect ed Li ne Li st

424 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
Model Li ne Li st

Mappi ng St r eams t o Pi pi ng
Li nes
Not e: For Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or wit h Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer Overlay proj ect , see t he Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer user guide ( AspenProcessEconAnalyzerV7_0-
Usr. pdf) .
I n an exist ing or new Aspen Process Economic Analyzer ( or
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or wit h Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer Overlay) proj ect , you can assign st ream physical
propert ies t o lines in order t o size t he line diamet er.
I mpor t i ng 3D Pi pi ng and
St r uct ur e Dat a Usi ng t he
Smar t Pl ant 3DAspen I car us
I nt er f ace
Over vi ew
The process of using t he Smart Plant 3DAspen I carus I nt erface
is composed of t wo st eps:
1 Export ing dat a from Smart Plant 3D using a report ing feat ure.
2 I mport ing dat a t o creat e component s in an Aspen I carus
proj ect .
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 425
St ep 1: Ex por t i ng Dat a f r om Smar t Pl ant 3D
The goal of t he first st ep is t o creat e spreadsheet report s
cont aining t he dat a export ed from Smart Plant 3D. Smart Plant
3D can generat e t hree t ypes of report s.
Pipe Rack dat a
Open St eel St ruct ure dat a
Pipe Run dat a
To gener at e t hese r epor t s:
1 On t he Smart Plant 3D Tool s menu, click Run Repor t .

The Run Repor t dialog box appears.
2 On t he Run Repor t dialog box, on t he Cat al og Repor t s t ab,
click t he report t hat includes t he desired dat a.
426 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
Pi pe Rack s:



St r uct ur e:


6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 427
Pi pe Runs:


3 I n t he Fi l e name field, t ype t he out put file name; t hen click
Run.
St ep 2: I mpor t i ng t he dat a t o Aspen I car us
The goal of t he second st ep is t o import t he dat a in t he
spreadsheet s generat ed in t he first st ep int o Aspen I carus t o
generat e component s. During t he import process, t he
spreadsheet s being import ed are broken int o t wo t ypes.
The Pi pe Run and Pi pe Fi t t i ng spreadsheet s
The Non- Pi pe Runs spreadsheet s:
o Pi pe Rack spreadsheet s
o St eel St r uct ur e spreadsheet s
Not e: All t he spreadsheet s t o be import ed in one run must be in
t he same folder.

To import t he spreadsheet s generat ed in t he first st ep, you
follow t hese t hree st eps:
1 Select ing t he Non- Pipe Runs spreadsheet s t o import
2 Select ing t he Pi pe Run and Pi pe Fi t t i ng spreadsheet s t o
import .
3 Loading t he spreadsheet s.

428 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
St ep 1: Sel ect i ng t he Pi pe Runs and Fi t t i ng
Spr eadsheet s t o I mpor t .


To sel ect t he Pipe Run and Pipe Fit t ing spr eadsheet s t o
i mpor t :
1 Open a proj ect in Aspen I carus wit h t he desired basis of
design configured.
2 On t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Fi l e menu, click I mpor t
SP 3D.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 429



The Add SP 3D Spr ead Sheet s dialog box appears.

3 On t he Non- Pipe Runs Sheet s pane, click Add Sheet .
The Sel ect Non- Pi pe Run file dialog box appears.
430 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
4 On t he Sel ect Non- Pi pe Run file dialog box, click a
spreadsheet export ed from SP 3D ot her t han t he Pi pe Run
and Pi pe Fi t t i ng spreadsheet s.
5 Repeat St ep 4 above as many t imes as desired, t ypically once
for Pi pe Rack s and once for St eel St r uct ur es.



St ep 2: Sel ect i ng t he Pi pe Runs and Fi t t i ng
Spr eadsheet s f or I mpor t
I mport ing Pi pe Run dat a requires has t wo st eps.
A Select ing t he Pipe Run dat a
B Select ing t he Pipe Fit t ing dat a t hat goes wit h t he Pipe Run
dat a select ed.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 431
St ep A: Sel ect i ng t he Pi pe Run spr eadsheet
1 On t he Add SP 3D Spr ead Sheet s dialog box, on t he Pi pe
Sheet s w i t h Fi t t i ng sheet s pane, click Add Sheet s.

The Pi pe Runs f i l e dialog box appears.

2 On t he Pi pe Runs f i l e dialog box, click a Pi pe Runs
spreadsheet .
432 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s



St ep B: Sel ect i ng t he Pi pe Fi t t i ng dat a
The Sel ect a Fi t t i ng file dialog box appears.

3 On t he Sel ect a Fi t t i ng file dialog box, click t he
corresponding file.
4 Repeat t he Add Sheet s process as many t imes as necessary.
6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s 433
St ep 3: Loadi ng t he Dat a
1 Aft er select ing all t he sheet s t o import , on t he Add SP 3D
Spr ead Sheet s dialog box, click OK.


The main Aspen I carus int erface is hidden and a progress dialog
is displayed.

When t he process is complet e, t he Aspen I carus int erface is re-
displayed and t he component s import ed have been creat ed.
Know n I ssues
Sl ab Thi ck ness
An issue wit h t he Export of slab t hickness export exist s
I nt egraph is working t o resolve t he issue.
434 6 Pi pi ng and I nst r ument at i on Model s
Pi pi ng Desi gn Pr essur e
I n Version 2004. 2, an issue wit h t he import of piping design
pressure exist sed. This is resolved in I carus 2006 and
subsequent versions. Because we expect t he pipe schedule dat a
t o be export ed, t he design pressure dat a is not required for t he
evaluat ion.


7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 435
7 Devel opi ng and Usi ng Cost
Li br ar i es
Over vi ew
The Li br ar i es view on t he Pal et t e arranges libraries in a
t ree- st ruct ure. Most of t he libraries list ed access proj ect
specificat ions ( explained in Chapt er 3) . The Cost Libraries are
unique, however, in t hat t hey comprise collect ions of part icular
cost it ems t hat you can add as proj ect component s. The cost
libraries are cust omizable; you can add it ems t o t he libraries
provided, as well as add your own libraries.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or includes t wo t ypes of cost libraries:
Equipment Model Library ( EML)
Unit Cost Library ( UCL)
Each library t ype may include one or more library files, which in
t urn may cont ain one or more library it ems, each represent ing a
part icular t ype of cost it em.
Equi pment Model Li br ar y ( EML)
Not e: I f you are int erest ed in accessing dat a as Unit Cost
Libraries from Aspen Richardson' s WinRace or anot her t hird
part y dat a source, see Accessing Ext ernal Unit Cost Dat a in
Chapt er 6, Developing and Using Cost Libraries, in Aspen I n-
Pl ant Cost Est i mat or V7.1 User Guide
( AspenI nPl ant Cost Est i mat or V7_0- Usr .pdf ) .
The EML is int ended t o st ore cust om equipment it ems, for which
you creat e component specificat ion forms. I n a proj ect , you can
436 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es
add an it em from t he EML as a component and fill out t he form
t hat you earlier creat ed.
The library can st ore a generic equipment it em t hat comes in
discret e sizes, such as an ext ruder, or an equipment it em t hat
follows a cont inuous cost - capacit y relat ionship such as linear,
semi- log or log- log.
Uni t Cost Li br ar y ( UCL)
The UCL is int ended t o st ore and ret rieve direct cost s and
inst allat ion man- hours, which are based on a simple unit of
measure ( for example, t he cost of a mat erial it em or inst allat ion
man- hours per unit of area, per unit of lengt h, per it em, and so
on) . Cost s can also be st ored in a library for indirect it ems such
as proj ect management man- hours per mont h, crane rent al
( plant hire) on a daily, weekly, mont hly basis, and so on
For one- of- a- kind cost it ems not wort h st oring in a library, t he
unit cost library may be used t o creat e a dummy it em for recall
and modificat ion in a proj ect . The dummy it em is st ored in t he
library wit h as lit t le dat a as possible. This can be ret rieved and
modified in as much det ail as required whenever you need a
one- t ime cost added int o a proj ect .
Devel opi ng and Usi ng an
Equi pment Model Li br ar y ( EML)
Cr eat i ng an EML
The inst ruct ions in t his sub- sect ion show you how t o creat e an
EML. The inst ruct ions in t he sub- sect ions t hat follow t his one,
which show you how t o add an it em t o an EML and t hen add t he
it em t o a proj ect , use a single example t hat can be added eit her
t o an I nch- Pound EML t hat you creat ed or t o one of t he t wo
I nch- Pound EMLs provided.
To cr eat e an EML:
1. With no project open, go to the Palettes Libraries tab view.
2. Expand Cost Libraries in the tree-structure; then expand Equipment Model
Library.
The Cost Libraries are divided int o I nch- Pound and Met r i c.
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 437
3 To creat e a library for use in proj ect s wit h an I nch- Pound
unit s of measure basis, as in t he example used in t hese
inst ruct ions, right - click on I nch- Pound, t hen on t he menu
t hat appears, click New .

The New Equi pment Model Li br ar y dialog box appears.

4 Type a file name ( required) for t he EML and a brief
descript ion ( opt ional) ; t hen click OK.
438 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es
An empt y Li br ar y dialog box appears.

You can now add it ems t o t he new library.
Addi ng an I t em t o an EML
The inst ruct ions below for defining and using an EML it em follow
a single example from it em creat ion t hrough t he addit ion of t he
it em t o a proj ect . Using t he example provided will define t he
it em in such a way t hat it aut omat ically generat es a foundat ion
and/ or elect rical power supply bulks.
To add an i t em t o an EML:
1 I f you j ust added a library, t he Li br ar y dialog box is
displayed, and you can skip t o St ep 2. I f not , follow t hese
st eps:
2 Go t o t he Palet t es Li br ar i es t ab view.
3 Expand Cost Li br ar i es, Equi pment Li br ar i es, and eit her
I nch- Pound or Met r i c. ( I f following t he example provided,
select I nch- Pound. )
4 Right - click on t he library t o which you want t o add an it em,
and t hen click Modi f y on t he pop- up menu.
5 Click Add on t he Li br ar y dialog box.
6 Ent er a Reference I D for t he it em in t he Add I t em dialog
box.
The one- t o six- charact er alphanumeric Reference I D uniquely
ident ifies t he library it em being added. The I D is used t o sort
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 439
and search for library it ems. The first charact er must be a
let t er.

7 Click OK.
8 Ent er t he descript ive dat a for t he it em in t he Develop
Equipment Model Library form. I f following t he example, ent er
t he dat a exact ly as shown below. Be sure t o correct ly ent er
t he sizing paramet ers, CAPFLOW and PWRDRVR; Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or knows t o use GPM ( or L/ S for METRI C)
and HP, respect ively, for t hese paramet ers.

440 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es
Not e: Si zi ng met hod: t he dat a is in t he form of eit her a
cont inuous curve ( linear, log- log or semi- log) or a set of
discret e t abular values. When an equipment model library it em
is ret rieved int o a proj ect , t he specified size for t he proj ect
component is used t o develop t he appropriat e cost , man- hours
and weight from t he library dat a.

9 Click OK t o save your specificat ions.
The new it em appears on t he Li br ar y dialog box, which you can
now close.
Addi ng an EML I t em as a Pr oj ect
Component
To add an EML i t em as a pr oj ect component :
1 Open t he proj ect t o which you want t o add t he EML it em. For
t he purposes of t his example, you can use eit her an exist ing
or newly creat ed US/ I - P based proj ect .
2 I n Proj ect Explorer ( Proj ect view) , right - click on t he area in
which t o add t he EML it em, and t hen click Add Pr oj ect
Component on t he pop- up menu.
3 On t he I car us Pr oj ect Component Sel ect i on dialog box,
specify a proj ect component name for t he it em.

4 Click Equi pment Model Li br ar y ; t hen click OK.
5 On t he Sel ect an Equi pment Model Li br ar y Fi l e dialog
box, click t he EML t o which you added t he it em.
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 441
6 Click OK.

7 At t he Sel ect an Equi pment Model Li br ar y I t em dialog
box, select t he it em you added and click OK.

8 Ent er your specificat ions for t he it em at t he Component
Speci f i cat i ons form, as shown below. Not e t hat t he Size
paramet ers CAPFLOW and PWRDRVR are included on t he
form.
442 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es

9 Click OK t o apply and save t he specificat ions.
The it em will now be included in proj ect evaluat ions.
Devel opi ng and Usi ng a Uni t
Cost Li br ar y ( UCL)
The inst ruct ions below use as an example a library of asbest os
abat ement ( ASBABT) cost s and man- hours. This example has
been select ed because environment al remediat ion dat a is
difficult t o model, since cost s and man- hours t end t o vary
great ly based on sit e condit ions and proj ect t ypes. I t ems of a
unique and/ or variable nat ure are ideal for st oring in a UCL.
The inst ruct ions t ake t his example t hrough t he following st ages:
1 creat ing a unit cost library
2 adding it ems t o t he library
3 adding a library it em t o a proj ect as a component
4 forming an assembly in t he proj ect out of mult iple UCL it ems
Cr eat i ng a Uni t Cost Li br ar y
To cr eat e a uni t cost l i br ar y :
1 Wit h no proj ect open, go t o t he Palet t es Li br ar i es t ab view.
Expand Cost Libraries in t he t ree- st ruct ure, and t hen expand
Unit Cost Library.
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 443
The libraries are divided int o I nch- Pound and Met r i c.
2 To creat e a library for use in proj ect s wit h an I nch- Pound
unit s of measure basis, as in t he ASBABT example used in
t hese inst ruct ions, right - click on I nch- Pound and click New
on t he pop- up menu.

3 I n t he New Uni t Cost Li br ar y dialog box, t ype a file name
( required) for t he UCL and a brief descript ion ( opt ional) .

4 Click OK t o creat e t he new UCL.
444 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es
An empt y Li br ar y dialog box appears.

You can now add it ems t o t he new UCL.
Addi ng an I t em t o a UCL
To add i t ems t o a UCL:
1 I f you j ust added a library, t he Li br ar y dialog box is
displayed, and you can skip t o St ep 2. I f not , follow t hese
st eps:
A Go t o t he Palet t es Li br ar i es t ab view.
B Expand Cost Libraries, Unit Cost Libraries, and eit her
I nch- Pound or Met ric.
C Right - click on t he library t o which you want t o add an
it em, and t hen click Modi f y on t he pop- up menu.
2 Click Add on t he Li br ar y dialog box.
3 Ent er a Reference I D for t he it em in t he Add I t em dialog
box.
The one- t o six- charact er alphanumeric Reference I D uniquely
ident ifies t he library it em being added. The I D is used t o sort
and search for library it ems. The first charact er must be a let t er.
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 445

4 Click OK.
5 I n t he Develop Unit Cost Library form, ent er informat ion for
t he new it em.

Not e: Cost s for t he it em will be allocat ed t o t he specified Code
of Account ( COA) . See I carus Reference Chapt er 34 for COA
definit ions.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or uses t he Mat erial Cost Per Unit and
Labor Cost Per Unit t o cost t he it em in an est imat e. I f Labor
Hours Per Unit is specified and Labor Cost Per Unit is left blank,
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or will calculat e t he labor cost using
t he proj ect wage rat es at t he t ime of t he est imat e.
The Unit of Measure can be designat ed for each or by any
appropriat e unit ( for example, 1000 SF ) . Be sure t o sufficient ly
describe t he it em so t hat you know what t he unit cost s include
when t he it em is ret rieved at some fut ure dat e. The quant it y is
ent ered when t he library it em is ret rieved int o a proj ect .
The Dat e and Source are for your reference and are not
t ransferred int o an est imat e.
6 When done ent ering specificat ions for t he it em, click OK.
446 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es
7 To add a set of it ems as in t he ASBABT example, repeat t he
process ( St eps 2- 4) t o add t he following it ems in addit ion t o
t he one shown in t he previous graphic.
Ref er e
nce No.
I t em
Descr i pt i on
Code
of
Accou
nt
Mat l
Cost
Per
Uni t
Labor
Cost
Per
Uni t
Uni t of
Measu
r e
Dat e
of
quot at
i on
AAB200 Polyet hylene
Sheet ing
800 . 021 . 004 SF 04APR0
1
AAB201 Duct Tape
( 300 roll)
800 3. 50 ROLL 04APR0
1
AAB202 Adhesive
Spray ( 60 /
can)
800 6. 00 CAN 04APR0
1
AAB300 Decont amin
at ion
Shower
800 300. 00 2 EACH 04APR0
1
AAB301 Neg Air
Pressure
Syst em
800 300. 00 2 EACH 04APR0
1
AAB400 Light ing
Fixt ure
Removal
800 . 01 EACH 04APR0
1
Aft er t he above are added, t he Li br ar y dialog box will appear as
shown below.

8 When done adding it ems t o t he UCL, click cl ose on t he
Li br ar y dialog box.
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 447
Addi ng a UCL I t em t o a Pr oj ect
To add a si ngl e UCL i t em t o a pr oj ect :
1 Open t he proj ect t o which you want t o add t he UCL it em. To
add an it em from t he ASBABT library developed as an
example in t he previous inst ruct ions, you can open eit her an
exist ing or newly creat ed US/ I - P based proj ect .
2 I n Proj ect Explorer ( Proj ect view) , right - click on t he area in
which t o add t he UCL it em, and t hen click Add Pr oj ect
Component on t he pop- up menu.
3 On t he I car us Pr oj ect Component Sel ect i on dialog box,
specify a proj ect component name for t he it em.

4 Select Uni t Cost Li br ar y and click OK.
5 At t he Sel ect a Uni t Cost Li br ar y Fi l e dialog box, select t he
UCL t o which you added t he it em and click OK.

448 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es
6 At t he Sel ect a Uni t Cost Li br ar y I t em dialog box, select
t he it em you added and click OK.

7 On t he Component Speci f i cat i ons form, click t he Opt i on
drop- down but t on and select Uni t Cost I t ems.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or ret rieves t he unit cost dat a you set
up in Libraries.
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 449

8 You can now ent er t he quant it y dat a and modify any of t he
ret rieved dat a.
9 Click OK t o save t he specificat ions and close t he form.
Cr eat i ng an Assembl y of UCL I t ems
This sect ion shows how t o add several it ems from t he library t o
form an assembly. I n t he example, t he it ems from t he ASBABT
library are added t o form an Asbest os Abat ement Area
Preparat ion Assembly.
To cr eat e an assembl y of UCL i t ems i n a pr oj ect :
1 I n Proj ect Explorer ( Proj ect view) , right - click on t he area in
which t o add t he UCL it em, and t hen click Add Pr oj ect
Component on t he pop- up menu.
2 On t he I car us Pr oj ect Component Sel ect i on dialog box,
ent er as t he proj ect component name a descript ion of t he
assembly.
450 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es

3 Click Uni t cost l i br ar y ; t hen click OK.
4 On t he Sel ect a Uni t Cost Li br ar y Fi l e dialog box, click t he
UCL cont aining t he first it em t o add t o t he assembly; t hen
click OK.

5 On t he Sel ect a Uni t Cost Li br ar y I t em dialog box, click t he
first it em t o add t o t he assembly; t hen click OK.
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 451

6 On t he Component Specificat ions form, click t he Opt i ons
drop- down but t on; t hen click Uni t Cost I t ems.


7 Click Add.

8 On t he Sel ect a Uni t Cost Li br ar y Fi l e dialog box, click t he
UCL cont aining t he next it em t o add t o t he assembly; t hen
click OK.

9 On t he Sel ect a Uni t Cost Li br ar y I t em dialog box, click t he
next it em t o add t o t he assembly; t hen click OK.
452 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es

10 Repeat t he process of adding it ems unt il t he form cont ains
columns for all t he it ems in t he assembly.

11 Aft er ent ering quant it ies for t he it ems, click OK.
The assembly is list ed as one proj ect component on t he Proj ect
Explorer ( Pr oj ect view) and t he Li st view.
You can now run an evaluat ion on t he it em ( see page 562 for
inst ruct ions) . An I t em Report would summarize t ot al cost s and
man- hours, as well as list each assembly it ems cost s and
man- hours.
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 453
Wor k i ng w i t h Cost Li br ar i es
Equipment model and unit cost libraries share t he funct ions
described in t his sect ion.
Copy i ng a Li br ar y I t em
When adding a library it em similar t o one t hat already exist s, it
is easier t o copy t he exist ing library it em and modify t he
necessary specificat ions.
To copy a l i br ar y i t em:
1 Highlight a library it em in t he Li br ar y dialog box; t hen click
Copy.
2 Ent er a Reference I D for t he new it em.
The one- t o six- charact er alphanumeric Reference I D uniquely ident ifies
t he library it em being added. The I D is used t o sort and search for library
it ems. The first charact er must be a let t er.
3 Click OK.
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or adds t he new it em wit h all t he
same dat a as t he original only t he Reference I D has changed.
Del et i ng a Li br ar y I t em
When a library it em is no longer useful, it can be removed from
t he library file.
To del et e a l i br ar y i t em:
1 Highlight a library it em in t he Li br ar y dialog box and click
Del et e.
A dialog box appears t o confirm t he delet e.
2 Click Yes t o delet e t he select ed library it em.
- or -
Click No t o ret ain t he library it em in t he library file.
Escal at i ng Li br ar y Cost s
Library it ems cont ain cost s t hat change over t ime due t o
inflat ion. Escalat ing library cost s bring t he library cost s up t o
dat e.
454 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es
To escal at e l i br ar y cost s:
1 Click Escal at e on t he Li br ar y dialog box.
The Escal at e Cost s dialog box appears.

2 Ent er t he escalat ion specificat ions.
I n t hi s f i el d t y pe
New Base Dat e The dat e of escalat ion or t he dat e at which t he prices are
current .
Mat er i al Escal at i on The amount by which t o escalat e mat erial cost s.
Labor Escal at i on The amount by which t o escalat e labor cost s. Because EMLs
only include set t ing man- hours, not labor cost s, t his field
appear s only when escalat ing unit cost libraries.

3 Click OK t o escalat e all library it ems in t he library file.
I mpor t i ng a Cost Li br ar y
You can import UCL files, which have t he ext ension . LI B , and
EML files, which have t he ext ension . EML , from elsewhere on
your comput er or net work.
To i mpor t a cost l i br ar y :
1 I n t he Palet t e ( Li br ar i es view) , right - click t he appropriat e
Uni t s of Measur e basis ( I nch- Pound or Met r i c) .
7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es 455
2 Click I mpor t .

The Sel ect a Fi l e f or I mpor t dialog box appears.

3 I n t he Sel ect a Fi l e f or I mpor t dialog box, click t he file;
t hen click Open.
The file is now included in t he Palet t e, and it s it ems can be
added as Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect component s.
Dupl i cat i ng a Cost Li br ar y
To dupl i cat e a cost l i br ar y :
1 I n t he Palet t e ( Li br ar i es view) , right - click t he library you
wish t o duplicat e; t hen click Dupl i cat e on t he pop- up menu.
2 Ent er a file name and descript ion ( opt ional) for t he new
library.
456 7 Dev el opi ng and Usi ng Cost Li br ar i es

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he Li br ar y dialog box for
t he new Library, which cont ains t he same it ems as t he original.
You can add, modify, or delet e t he it ems wit hout affect ing t he
original.
Del et i ng a Cost Li br ar y
To del et e a cost l i br ar y :
1 I n t he Palet t e ( Li br ar i es view) , right - click t he library t o be
delet ed.
2 On t he menu t hat appears, click Del et e.
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 457
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y
and Locat i on
Not e: I n order t o have access t o t he feat ures covered in t his
chapt er, you must be licensed t o use Aspen Decision Analyzer.
You must also select at st art up t o use Analyzer in t he Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or environment .
Aspens Decision Analyzer t echnology let s you evaluat e alt ernat e
plant capacit ies and locat ions.
When you change plant capacit y, Analyzer re- sizes each proj ect
component t o a desired plant capacit y. Unique expert syst em
rules, based on engineering principles, provide t he basis for
revising t he size of every proj ect component in t he process
facilit y t hat is implicat ed in st ream flows, as well as t he size of
ot her plant facilit y component s in t he plant layout , including
process and ut ilit y component s inside bat t ery limit s ( I SBL) and
out side bat t ery limit s ( OSBL) , associat ed inst allat ion bulks,
piping, cable runs, buildings, st ruct ures, pipe racks, and sit e
improvement s.
Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y
Changing t he product ion capacit y affect s not only every st ream
flow, but t he size, and in some cases, t he number of proj ect
component s. Decision Analyzers Analyzer Scale- up Module
( ASM) aut omat ically examines each element of a proj ect , applies
a set of scale- up rules unique t o t hat element and recreat es t he
ent ire plant descript ion according t o t he new product ion
capacit y.
458 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on
ASM cont ains hundreds of rules for each of t he hundreds of
Aspen I carus proj ect component s. Rules are based on
engineering principles for element s t hat are direct ly linked t o
product ion capacit y. For ot her element s t hat are foot print
orient ed such as building and st ruct ures, rules based on
heurist ics are applied.
When t he scaled proj ect is evaluat ed, design quant it ies t hat are
developed for t he newly sized component s are designed t o meet
t he needs of a proj ect . Furt her, revisions t o P&I Ds and similar
user adj ust ment s cont ained in t he baseline proj ect are also
t reat ed in t he same way. The idea is t o design a scaled proj ect
as it is int ended t o be built . This met hodology eliminat es t he
need for applying a fact or t o t he baseline plant cost t o scale it up
or down. Given a new capacit y, ASM recreat es t he ent ire plant .
The ASM process is aut omat ic and rapid. ASM revises sizes of
component s t o meet a revised capacit y and t he proj ect
evaluat ion engines do t he difficult , t ime- consuming evaluat ion
work. Users find ASM performs it s re- sizing operat ion result s t o
be similar t o engineering design met hods wit h t he added benefit
of much reduced t ime and resources. Furt her, equal confidence
can be applied t o evaluat ion result s before and aft er using ASM
as rules are discipline- based and t he before and aft er evaluat ion
processes are ident ical.
To change pl ant capaci t y :
1 Open your baseline proj ect and save it under a new scenario
name t hat reflect s t he new capacit y. This will ensure t hat
your baseline proj ect remains int act , separat e and apart from
your about - t o- be scaled proj ect .
2 On t he Run menu, click Deci si on Anal y zer or click t he A
but t on on t he t oolbar.


8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 459
The Deci si on Anal y zer dialog box appears.

3 Select t he Change Plant Capacit y by ( 5- 600%) check box.
4 Type t he desired percent age adj ust ment or select it using t he
Up/ Down arrow but t ons. For example, if you need t o revise
t he capacit y by a value beyond 600% t o 700%, scale your
proj ect t wice. For t his, t he Evaluat e Proj ect check box should
be cleared. Then you can split t he desired 700% int o t wo
part s: first use 350%, and on complet ion, scale it again at
350%.
5 Click OK t o init iat e t he Analyzer Scale- up Module.
6 Upon complet ion, save t he scaled proj ect .
Anal y zer Scal e- Up Modul e
( ASM)
How ASM Wor k s
Scale- up of a proj ect t o a new product ion capacit y is a t wo- st ep
process.
460 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on
1 The Aspen Scale- up Module is invoked. The ASM processor
1 analyzes each specificat ion in your proj ect
2 applies t he appropriat e scale- up rule
3 revises t he specificat ion t o a new value
4 moves on t o t he next specificat ion
You can follow t he progress of t his phase by not ing t he it em
names in t he display at t he bot t om of your screen.
2 The proj ect is evaluat ed. This phase performs t he designs,
develops quant it ies, hours, cost s, and so on, and prepares t he
basic set of report s for your proj ect at t he new capacit y. On
complet ion of t his st ep, you can proceed t o prepare special
report s and perform ot her analyses on your newly scaled
proj ect .
Save t he proj ect aft er t he scale- up operat ion.
Scal e- Up Rul e Set
Analyzer cont ains rules for hundreds of component s and cost
element s t hat are based on ( a) engineering design principles for
scale- up of all process equipment , st ream flows, et c and ( b)
heurist ics for plant it ems t hat are based on foot print and plot
plan. The current rule set in some inst ances modifies t he number
of it ems rat her t han change sizes, as in t he simple example of
t rees along a fence line, where t he number of t rees would be
revised rat her t han t he size of each t ree. I n t he current rule set ,
t here is no aut omat ic provision for increasing t he number of
proj ect component s.
Li mi t i ng Condi t i ons
I t is possible t hat on ext reme capacit y scale- ups, sizes of cert ain
equipment or bulk it ems may surpass a syst em limit ing value. I n
t his case, an error condit ion would be issued. The user would
t hen examine t he scaled model for t he part icular it em( s) and
revise t he size and number of out - of- range it ems accordingly, as
an it em in an error condit ion would be excluded from t he
est imat e.
Scal e- up Candi dat es
ASM rules apply t o t he following t ypes of proj ect informat ion:
Area specs: dist ances, dimensions, cost per unit weight
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 461
Proj ect Component specs: specific rules based on it em t ype
and specificat ion, t ypically size dimension, capacit y, power
and occasionally number of it ems
Not e: Several sani t ar y process equipment it ems associat ed
wit h bat ch food processing will not be scaled.
I nst allat ion specs: quot ed cost s, hours and numeric specs for
piping, duct , civil, st eel, elect rical, insulat ion, paint . Text -
based sizes such as pipe schedule, wire size, et c. are
symbolic and are not scaled.
Proj ect Component Quot ed Cost : While ASM has rules for
quot ed cost , t he ASM rule may not be t he best for your t ype
of it em. Here, it s bet t er t o apply a % Adj ust ment t o t he
syst ems est imat ed cost in an amount t hat will bring t he
est imat ed cost up t o your quot ed value. Then, on scaling, t he
new report ed cost will be calculat ed by applying your %
Adj ust ment t o t he est imat ed cost . Based on t he scaled sizes.
Quot ed hours: based on it em t ype
Quot ed weight : based on it em t ype
St ream flow rat e: scaled t o t he new capacit y
Scal e- Up f or Conf i gur at i on Anal y si s
Oft en, sect ions of a proposed facilit y may be required t o consist
of parallel t rains, j oining up t o meet downst ream unit s.
Sit uat ions such as t hese are best handled by creat ing models of
t hese sect ions at a st andard capacit y and t hen scaling desired
sect ions t o say 50% capacit y. You would t hen import t he various
sect ions int o an overall model, wit h mult iple t rains being
import ed as many t imes as required. The result ing model would
t hen be evaluat ed for capit al invest ment and process economics.
Anal y zer Rel ocat i on Modul e
( ARM)
The Analyzer Relocat ion Module enables you t o evaluat e t he
impact of worldwide locat ion on capit al cost and a variet y of
ot her economet rics. Specifically, you can relocat e a proj ect
from one basis t o any one of 89 worldwide locat ions. You can
choose t o ret ain t he locat ion of your engineering workforce or
choose any one of 89 worldwide locat ions.
462 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on
When you need t o evaluat e a proj ect t hat you might engineer
and/ or const ruct in a different cit y or count ry locat ion, ARM will
quickly and aut omat ically revise your proj ect paramet ers wit h
t hose cont ained in it s locat ion knowledge base. The ARM
knowledge base includes key locat ion- dependent dat a and rules
t o properly convert your proj ect from it s st art ing basis t o your
select ed locat ion( s) using locat ion dependent values for design
paramet ers, engineering and const ruct ion work forces, cost of
mat erials, and engineering, mat erial and const ruct ion indirect s.
You can use ARM in combinat ion wit h t he Analyzer Scale- up
Module ( ASM) and Analyzer Economics Module ( AEM) all in t he
same run or separat ely from t he ot her modules.
Rel ocat i on Ter mi nol ogy
Baseline proj ect : init ial case, before execut ing ARM.
Relocat ed proj ect : aft er ARM processing of t he baseline
proj ect .
Relocat ion: a process of evaluat ing an init ially formulat ed
proj ect ( baseline proj ect ) t o a new locat ion ( relocat ed
proj ect ) .
Locat ions: a general locat ion, charact erized by a cit y and
count ry name, which is used t o represent a part icular EPC
funct ion. The funct ion may or may not be physically sit ed in
t hat cit y.
Engineering locat ion: cit y and count ry name used t o
charact erize t he engineering workforce assigned t o t he
proj ect .
Plant locat ion: cit y and count ry name used t o charact erize t he
plant sit e.
Wor k f l ow
The figure below shows t he general work process. ARM specs,
cont ained in t he ARM rule set are applied t o t he users model. A
descript ion of t he element s in t he t able is provided in t he sect ion
following t he Workflow.

8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 463

How t he Anal y zer Pl ant Rel ocat i on Modul e
( ARM) Wor k s

Relocation Reports
For New
Engineering and
Plant Location
Baseline Reports
For Base
Engineering and
Plant Location
Relocated
Project

Baseline
Project
ARM Specs
Project
Specs
Project
Contingency
Construction
Hours
Construction
Rates
Construction
Cost
Construction
Indirects
Construction
Fee
Construction
Contingency
Engineering
Hours
Engineering
Rates
Engineering
Cost
Engineering
Indirects
Engineering
Contingency
Material
Cost
Materials
Contingency
Materials
Indirects
Material
Quantities
Analyzer
Project
Relocation
Module
464 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on

1 Because ARM processing is aut omat ic, it is wise t o first save
your base proj ect under a new scenario name in advance of
running ARM. Use a scenario name t hat refers t o t he planned
new capacit y. This will ensure t hat your baseline proj ect
remains int act for furt her evaluat ions.
2 On t he Run menu, click Deci si on Anal y zer or click t he A
but t on on t he but t on bar:

This will display t he Deci si on Anal y zer dialog box.

Not e: ARM shares space wit h ASM and AEM and Ev al uat e
Pr oj ect on t he four- part Deci si on Anal y zer dialog box.
3 Select t he Change Pl ant Locat i on t o check box.
4 Select t he Plant Locat ion from it s pull- down list .
5 Select t he Engineering Locat ion from it s pull- down list .
6 Use t he remaining check boxes t o select opt ions t o
o Enable escalat ion for Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
proj ect s.
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 465
o Ret ain your defined const ruct ion st art dat e and durat ion. I f
unchecked, a new dat e will be developed on relocat ion.
Not e t hat t he last line on t he Decision Analyzer dialog box
displays t hree pieces of informat ion:
plant locat ion
currency name
currency symbol, in parent heses
This informat ion is a reminder t o users of t he Analyzer
Economics Module ( AEM) who are int erest ed in report ing cost s in
currency different from t he plant locat ion currency. For t his, t wo
ent ry slot s are provided for an exchange rat e and symbol. I f AEM
is not invoked, values so ent ered will not affect t he report ing
aspect s of relocat ion aspect s. I n Figure 2, t he user elect ed t o run
AEM. This would t ake place immediat ely aft er ARM complet ed
t he relocat ion process, described as follows.
Ex ampl e: The illust rat ion below is for a plant t o be engineered
in Rot t erdam and const ruct ed in Singapore. The currency of t he
plant locat ion is displayed in t he last wire- frame.

466 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on
Rel ocat i ng t he Pr oj ect
7 Once having complet ed t he choices, click OK t o run t he
proj ect . I f you choose CANCEL, all choices will be ignored
and cont rol will ret urn t o t he explorer view.
Wit h your OK, Decision Analyzers relocat ion module
aut omat ically convert s your base locat ion proj ect t o t he select ed
engineering and plant locat ion. Your proj ect t hen cont ains t he
result s of t he relocat ion, which you can review and modify.
To do t hi s:
1 Click t he Pr oj ect Basi s view and click t he desired basis
cat egory.
2 Open t he associat ed form, review t he dat a and modify t he
dat a, as you desire.
3 When you are sat isfied wit h t he result s, save t he proj ect ,
ensuring t hat it is saved under a scenario name t hat describes
t he relocat ion and, most import ant , t hat your baseline proj ect
is not dist urbed by t he save.
4 Evaluat e t he proj ect and review t he result s.
5 When you are sat isfied, a final save will save t he result s.
ARM Know l edge Base
The ARM knowledge base consist s of approximat ely t en t housand
locat ion- specific dat a values plus rules t hat govern t he way t he
locat ion dat a will be applied t o your baseline proj ect . The ARM
knowledge base is derived from a variet y of qualified sources
including:
Aspen Richardson int ernat ional const ruct ion dat a: raw dat a
from t his source ( also used t o prepare t he Aspen Richardson
I nt ernat ional Cost Fact or Manual) were analyzed and mapped
int o I carus t echnology format s for use in ARM
Propriet ary sources
Pract icing professionals, EPC and owner cust omers and
associat es
Surveys
Technical publicat ions t hat specialize in int ernat ional
const ruct ion cost s
Government sources: seismic, climat e dat a and ot her locat ion
dat a
Financial sources: exchange rat es, et c.
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 467
Aspen I carus models: t o blend and fill in sparse dat a areas
Fi ve Bodi es of Dat a
The ARM knowledge base consist s of five bodies of dat a:
Locat ion specs
Proj ect specs
Engineering specs
Const ruct ion specs
Mat erial Cost specs
Highlight s of each component follow.
Locat i on Specs
ARM is formulat ed for 89 locat ions in 33 currencies. Locat ions
list ed below include t he four I carus count ry base locat ions. The
locat ions are similar t o t hose in t he Aspen Richardson
I nt ernat ional Cost Fact or Manual list .
Locat ions are organized and sort ed by cont inent al region,
count ry and cit y. For Canadian and US locat ions, names include
st at e, province or t errit ory. Convent ional short forms of count ry
and cit y names are used for simplicit y.
Regions - The number of locat ions for each region is list ed in
Table 1.
Cit y Locat ions out side t he US are list ed in Table 2
US locat ions are list ed in Table 3.
TABLE 1. Li st of Locat i ons i n Each Regi on
Regi on Number of l ocat i ons
Africa 3
Asia 15
Aust ralia 3
Canada 6
Cent ral America 2
Europe 12
Middle East 6
Sout h America 5
Unit ed St at es 37
All Locat ions 89
Non- US Locat ions 52

468 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on
TABLE 2. Li st of Non- US Locat i ons
Regi on Ci t y , Count r y Near
Africa El Hassania, Morocco Casablanca
I badan, Nigeria
Johannesbur g, Sout h Africa
Asia Beij ing, China
Guangzhou, China
Shanghai, China
Bhopal, I ndia New Delhi
Mumbai ( Bombay) , I ndia
Jakart a, I ndonesia
Kobe, Japan
Tokyo, Japan
Kuant an, Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Manila, Philippines
Singapore, Singapore
Seoul, Sout h Korea
Taipei, Taiwan
Samut prakam, Thailand Bangkok
Binh Duong, Viet nam Hanoi
Aust ralia Melbourne, Aust ralia
Pert h, Aust ralia
Sydney, Aust ralia
Cent ral America Guat emala Cit y, Guat emala
Mexico Cit y, Mexico
Canada Calgary, Canada
Mont real, Canada
Toront o, Canada
Vancouver, Canada
Windsor, Canada
Winnipeg, Canada
Europe Brussels, Belgium
Paris, France
Frankfurt , Germany
Dublin, I reland
Milan, I t aly
Amst erdam, Net herlands
Rot t erdam, Net herlands
Warsaw, Poland
Moscow, Russia
Barcelona, Spain
London, Unit ed Kingdom
Manchest er, Unit ed Kingdom
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 469
Middle East Cairo, Egypt
Kuwait Cit y, Kuwait
Dammam, Saudi Arabia Al Jubail
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Gebze, Turkey I st anbul
Abu Dhabi, UAE
Sout h America Buenos Aires, Argent ina
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Medellin, Colombia
Lima, Peru
Caracas, Venezuela

470 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on
TABLE 3. Li st of US Ci t y Locat i ons
Anchorage, AK
At lant a, GA
Balt imore, MD
Bost on, MA
Cape Girardeau, MO
Cayey, PR
Charlot t e, NC
Chicago, I L
Cincinnat i, OH
Dallas, TX
Denver, CO
Fairbanks, AK
Green Bay, WI
Houst on, TX
Hunt sville, AL
I ndianapolis, I N
Kansas Cit y, MO
Knoxville, TN
Las Vegas, NV
Los Angeles, CA
Louisville, KY
New Orleans, LA
New York, NY
Newark, NJ
Oakland, CA
Philadelphia, PA
Phoenix, AZ
Port land, ME
Port land, OR
Sacrament o, CA
San Francisco, CA
Seat t le, WA
Sherman, TX
Spart anburg, SC
St Louis, MO
Syracuse, NY
Wilkes- Barre, PA
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 471

Pr oj ect Dat a
The ARM knowledge base cont ains a comprehensive set of values
for proj ect level dat a. These should be considered as a st art ing
point in t he evaluat ion of a proj ect . Concerned users should
replace t he ARM knowledge base values in t heir relocat ed proj ect
wit h more represent at ive values obt ained from company surveys
of t he int ended sit e.
Currency: Exchange rat e ( FEX) , as of t he first day of t he basis
year, wit h exchange rat e and currency unit s scaled t o meet
I carus currency format s. Scaled currency unit s are provided
at t hree levels: 3- charact er symbol, 8- charact er name and
24- charact er descript ion. Values are list ed in Table 4.
o Currency: 33 currencies are defined; some ARM locat ions
share t he same currency
o Exchange rat e, for each locat ion. The ARM knowledge
base works wit h exchange rat es relat ive t o t he currency of
each of t he four count ry bases ( US, UK, JP, EU) . The
currency t able cont ains t he rat es as of t he list ed dat e.
o Exchange rat es are scaled in size t o conform wit h I carus
exchange rat e format s ( 0. 01 t o 99. 9 in value)
o Scaled currency symbols, names and descript ions are
defined t o conform t o I carus format ; t hese cont ain
symbols such as K t o represent t housands and M t o
represent millions of scaled currency unit s, as indicat ed in
Table 4.
TABLE 4. Li st of Cur r enci es
Count r y
Cur r ency
Descr i pt i on
Cur r ency
Name
Cur r ency
Sy mbol
Ex change
Rat e, per
USD ( 1
Jan 2006)
Argent ina Argent ine Peso Peso- A P 3. 0459
Aust ralia Aust ralian Dollar Dollar- A A$ 1. 3644
Brazil Brazilian Real Real R 2. 3517
Canada Canadian Dollar Dollar- C C$ 1. 1641
China
Chinese Yuan
Renminbi Renminbi R 8. 0755
Colombia K Colombian Peso K Peso K- P 2. 28393
Egypt Egypt ian Pound Pound- E PDE 5. 786
European Union Euro Euro EUR 0. 8446
472 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on
Guat emala Guat emalan Quet zal Quet zal Q 7. 615
I ndia I ndian Rupee Rupee R 45. 195
I ndonesia K I ndonesian Rupiah K Rupiah K- R 9. 85222
Japan K Japanese Yen K Yen K- Y 0. 117681
Kuwait Kuwait i Dinar Dinar DK 0. 2921
Malaysia Malaysian Ringgit Ringgit R 3. 7837
Mexico Mexican Peso Peso- MX P 10. 66485
Morocco Moroccan Dirham Dirham- M D 9. 3661
Nigeria K Nigerian Naira K Naira K- N 0. 1305
Peru Peruvian Nuevo Sol NuevoSol NS 3. 422
Philippines Philippine Peso Peso- P P 53. 14
Poland Polish Zlot y Zlot y Z 3. 255
Russia Russian Rouble Rouble RBL 28. 75
Saudi Arabia Saudi Riyal Riyal R 3. 7503
Singapore Singapore Dollar Dollar- S S$ 1. 6642
Sout h Africa Sout h African Rand Rand ZAR 6. 3359
Sout h Korea
K Sout h- Korean
Won K Won K- W 1. 0287
Taiwan Taiwan Dollar Dollar- T T$ 33. 147
Thailand Thai Baht Baht B 41. 0767
Turkey Turkish New Lira New Lira NL 1. 34979
Unit ed Arab
Emirat e
Ut d. Arab Emir.
Dirham Dirham- U D 3. 6732
Unit ed Kingdom Brit ish Pound Pound- UK PDS 0. 5802
Unit ed St at es US Dollar DollarUS USD 1
Venezuela
K Venezuelan
Bolivar K Boliv K- B 2. 15
Viet nam K Viet namese Dong K Dong K- D 15. 904

Current European Union Locat ions:
Belgium
France
Germany
I reland
I t aly
Net herlands
Spain
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 473
Not e: Cert ain combinat ions of locat ion currencies and count ry
base currencies may result in exchange rat es t hat exceed t he
format bounds for exchange rat e. I n such cases, ARM will
aut omat ically scale t he exchange rat e rat io and revise t he
currency unit s, usually wit h a prefix of "K" t o indicat e t housands
of t he above- list ed currency unit . Example: The exchange rat e
for Plant locat ion: I ndia, at 45. 145 per USD and Count ry Base:
Japan at 0. 1177 is 385. 85 R/ K Yen, which is beyond t he
exchange rat e bound; t he result ing rat io will be scaled by 1000
t o 0. 38585 KRupee/ K Yen and cost s will be report ed in KRupee
( KR)
Equipment : design code ( ASME, BS5500, DI N, JI S depending
upon t he plant locat ion)
Civil and St eel: seismic accelerat ion, soil, foot ing dept h,
low/ high ambient t emperat ures, wind velocit y, hand
excavat ion
Elect rical: power supply frequency
Equipment Rent al: a Const r uct i on Technol ogy Level
( CTL) paramet er ( L, M, and H) is assigned t o each locat ion.
Locat ions assigned as H- level draw from t he ent ire syst em
slat e of equipment rent al it ems. S- level locat ions select from
a smaller slat e t han M- level locat ions.
Use of gin poles vs. heavy cranes: each locat ion is assigned a
value for t he heavy lift opt ion
Engi neer i ng Wor k For ce
The ARM knowledge base cont ains a comprehensive set of
engineering workforce values, which should be considered as a
st art ing point in t he evaluat ion of a proj ect . Concerned users
should replace t he ARM knowledge base values in t heir relocat ed
proj ect wit h more represent at ive values obt ained from company
surveys of t he int ended sit e.
The following are provided by ARM for each engineering work force location:
Hourly rat es for each of 77 disciplines in t he engineering
workforce slat e. Hourly rat es are provided in t he currency of
t he engineering locat ion. During t he processing of a proj ect ,
t hese rat es are convert ed, for consist ent cost report ing, t o
t he currency of t he plant locat ion using t he exchange rat e
rat io:
474 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on
Discipline Rat e in Plant Locat ion Currency = Discipline Rat e in
t he Engineering Locat ion Currency x Plant Locat ion Exchange
Rat e / Engineering Locat ion Exchange Rat e
Engineering workforce product ivit y one value is provided for
each engineering locat ion, relat ive t o t he engineering
product ivit y at t he count ry base locat ion
Engineering I ndirect Cost s values are provided for each
locat ion for each of t he eight phases of engineering:
o Expense rat es
o Payroll burdens
o Office indirect s
The eight phases of engineering are:
o Basic Engineering
o Det ail Engineering
o Procurement
o Engineering Management
o Home Office Const ruct ion Services
o Field Office Supervision
o Const ruct ion Management
o St art - up, Commissioning
Engineering confidence level, associat ed wit h t he sources of
t he ARM knowledge base dat a, used t o comput e a value of
engineering cont ingency. Engineering cont ingency is
comput ed as t he root - mean square value of t he user
engineering cont ingency and engineering confidence level.
For example, if t he user cont ingency before relocat ion UC
= 18% and t he ARM locat ion confidence value LC = 10%, t hen
t he comput ed cont ingency aft er relocat ion is
= ( UC
2
+ LC
2
) = ( 18
2
+ 10
2 )
= 20. 6%
Const r uct i on
The ARM knowledge base cont ains a comprehensive set of
const ruct ion workforce values, which should be considered as a
st art ing point in t he evaluat ion of a proj ect . Concerned users
should replace t he ARM knowledge base values in t heir relocat ed
proj ect wit h more represent at ive values obt ained from company
surveys of t he int ended sit e.
The following are provided by ARM for each const ruct ion work
force locat ion:
8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on 475
Field Craft rat es hourly rat es ( nearly all- in ) for each of 28
field craft s in t he const ruct ion work force slat e and a foreman
different ial for each locat ion. By nearly all- in , we mean t hat
each craft rat e is a unique composit e of t he following rat e
cont ribut ions:
o Craft Worker Base Hourly Wage Rat e
o Healt h, Welfare, Pension
o Fringe Benefit s
o Hourly I ndirect Rat e for:
Temporary Const ruct ion
Consumables and Small Tools
FI CA Unemployment Workers Compensat ion
I nsurance
Mult i- level const ruct ion
Craft rat es in t he ARM knowledge base do not include
indirect const ruct ion cost s for t he following cat egories
as t hese would be det ermined during proj ect
evaluat ion:
o Const ruct ion Equipment Rent al, including Fuel, Oil,
Lubricat ion, Maint enance ( FOLM)
o Field Supervision
o Cont ract or Home Office Cost s
Const ruct ion workforce product ivit y one value is provided
for each plant locat ion, relat ive t o t he const ruct ion
product ivit y at t he count ry base locat ion
Field indirect cost s, including const ruct ion equipment rent al
( see Proj ect Dat a, below) , field supervision, home office cost s
Work week: hours, number of shift s, overt ime
Const ruct ion equipment rent al: slat e of it ems ( see Proj ect
Dat a, below)
Ext ent of hand excavat ion vs. machine excavat ion
Const ruct ion confidence level, associat ed wit h t he sources of
t he ARM knowledge base dat a, used t o comput e a value of
const ruct ion cont ingency. Cont ingency is comput ed as t he
root - mean square value of t he user const ruct ion cont ingency
and const ruct ion confidence level. For example, if t he user
cont ingency before relocat ion UC = 18% and t he ARM locat ion
confidence value LC = 10%, t hen t he comput ed cont ingency
aft er relocat ion is:
= ( UC
2
+ LC
2
) = ( 18
2
+ 10
2 )
= 20. 6%
476 8 Changi ng Pl ant Capaci t y and Locat i on
Mat er i al Cost s
Locat ion I ndexing
The ARM knowledge base cont ains a set of locat ion indexes
which will adj ust count ry base mat erial cost s t o t he plant
locat ion. Two set s are provided. The first deals wit h
equipment cost s. The second applies t o bulk mat erials. Use of
t he supplied locat ion indexes should be considered as a
st art ing point in t he evaluat ion of a proj ect . Concerned users
should replace t he ARM knowledge base values in t heir
relocat ed proj ect wit h more represent at ive values obt ained
from company surveys of t he int ended sit e.
The locat ion indexes make use of Aspen Richardson values for
t he average split of local vs. import ed mat erials. Cost s of local
and import ed mat erials are figured by applying locat ion
values for freight , t axes, VAT, and ot her expenses. Locat ion
indexes are st ored for each of t he four count ry bases and are
used t o charact erize mat erial cost s by account code ( 100 t o
299 for equipment , 300 t o 999 for bulk mat erials. )
Unit cost of rebar, ready- mix concret e, in t he currency of t he
plant locat ion
Mat erial cost confidence level, associat ed wit h t he sources of
t he ARM knowledge base dat a, used t o comput e a value of
mat erial cost cont ingency. Cont ingency is comput ed as t he
root - mean square value of t he user mat erial cont ingency and
mat erial cost confidence level. For example, if t he user
cont ingency before relocat ion UC = 18% and t he ARM locat ion
confidence value LC = 10%, t hen t he comput ed cont ingency
aft er relocat ion is:
= ( UC
2
+ LC
2
) = ( 18
2
+ 10
2 )
= 20. 6%

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 477
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
I nt r oduct i on
I mport ant : I n Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, only t he AUM_Air
Ut ilit y Module is available. However, if you load Aspen Process
Evaluat or ( Aspen Process Economic Analyzer) when you load
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or, t he AUM_CW Cooling Wat er Ut ilit y
Module is also available.

Bot h Ut ilit y Modules are available in Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer. For convenience, t he document at ion for bot h is
present ed in t his chapt er.
478 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Anal y zer Ut i l i t y Modul es ( AUM) Desi gn
and Scope Gener at or s f or Ut i l i t y Sy st ems
One of t he difficult ies wit h process economic analyses, bot h
capit al cost and payback det erminat ion, is t he lack of scope
definit ion for non- process or out side boundary limit ( OSBL)
port ions of t he proj ect . Wit h AUM modules creat ing ut ilit y
syst ems in harmony wit h t he process sect ions of a proj ect , more
accurat e, realist ic and confident business assessment s can be
made for cost and economics.
Each AUM module works in t he same way. I t ext ract s
informat ion on t he specific ut ilit y needs of each proj ect
component and area in your proj ect . You can t hen int eract ively
revise default values for design preferences and configurat ion,
evaluat e messages, review report s of design result s. On
complet ion, a press of a Load but t on will aut omat ically t ransfer
t o your proj ect , a list of select ed, sized, designed proj ect
component s assembled wit hin a unique dat e- and t ime- st amped
ut ilit y area. Should a prior ut ilit y area of t he same t ype be
present in your proj ect , you can chose t o delet e t he old one and
replace it wit h new scope.
All of t his t akes place in t imes measured in minut es rat her t han
t radit ional days and weeks. Of course, evaluat ion t ime depends
on t he size of t he proj ect . For front end engineering design work,
AUM modules can be revisit ed in each cycle of scope change t o
ensure t he proj ect needs are properly sat isfied by each ut ilit y
syst em.
A Cont rol Panel, a t ask bar but t on and numerous hypert ext links
provide for easy navigat ion and rapid access t o a st at us report ,
specs for preferences and configurat ions, report s, an a guide.
Messages are provided t o assure dat a int egrit y; an error
condit ion will disallow loading of result s int o your proj ect .

AUM_CW: Cool i ng Wat er Ut i l i t y Sel ect i on,
Si zi ng, and Desi gn Modul e
The cooling wat er ut ilit y module requires Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer or Aspen Process Economic Analyzer plus
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or t o ident ify cooling wat er resource
st reams and t heir flow condit ions. Up t o four cooling wat er
syst ems can be configured for a proj ect , each wit h it s own set of
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 479
sized component s: cooling t owers, circulat ion pumps, chemical
inj ect ion pumps, supply and ret urn dist ribut ion piping, valves,
and fit t ings.
You can int eract ively define design condit ions such as ambient
air t emperat ures, size limit s t o dist ribut ion piping, equipment
t ypes, and assign individual areas t o each cooling wat er syst em.
Redundancy capabilit ies include st and- alone pumps, t wo 50%
capacit y pumps, st and- by spares. Dist ribut ion piping includes
expansion loops for long runs and circuit s include main lines,
branch lines, area headers, and risers and lat erals for 3D- t ype
areas. Each line t ype has it s own iso for valve and fit t ing t ype.
Line sizes and pump heads are pressure drop based.
AUM_Ai r : I nst r ument and Pl ant Ai r Ut i l i t y
Sel ect i on, Si zi ng, and Desi gn Modul e
The air ut ilit y module can be accessed by eit her Aspen Process
Economic Analyzer or Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. AUM_ Air
gat hers air requirement s from your proj ect in t wo ways:
I nst rument air: From a count of air operat ed cont rol valves
and cont rollers and inst rument air flow required for each
based on cont rol valve size
Plant air: From an air usage model based on a common air
t ool usage set , wit h area ut ilit y st at ions derived from area
size and equipment count wit hin an area
Up t o four air plant unit s ( APU) can be configured for a proj ect ,
each wit h it s own set of sized component s:
air int ake filt ers/ screens
duct work
compressors
int erst age coolers
air receivers
pre- filt ers
air dryers
aft er- filt ers
piping dist ribut ion net work
You can int eract ively define design premises such as ambient air
condit ions, equipment t ypes, equipment redundancy, et c. and
assign individual areas t o be served by each air plant unit .
Redundancy capabilit ies include st and- alone compressors, st art -
480 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
up compressors, receivers, dryers. Redundancy choices include
one at 100% capacit y, t wo at 50% capacit y, st and- by spares.
Dist ribut ion piping includes t wo set s, each sized for t he required
flow of inst rument air and plant air. Piping isos for line segment s
include expansion loops for long runs, valves and fit t ings, Line
segment s are defined for main feeders, main manifolds, main
lines branch lines, area feeders, area headers and for 3Dt ype
areas, risers and lat erals. Each line t ype has it s own iso for
valve and fit t ing t ype. Line sizes are pressure drop based.
Anal y zer Ut i l i t y Modul e ( AUM)
Cool i ng Wat er ( AUM_Wat er )
I nt r oduct i on t o Anal y zer Ut i l i t y Modul e
( AUM) Cool i ng Wat er
Cool i ng Wat er Sel ect i on, Si zi ng, Desi gn Model
This sect ion is divided int o four part s:
1 Ov er v i ew
Analyzer Ut ilit y Module ( AUM)
Cooling Wat er Design Model
o Value in Time and Effort
o The Key St eps
2 Wor k i ng w i t h t he Cool i ng Wat er Model
Preparat ion Workflow
The Workflow Cycle
Accessing The Cooling Wat er Model
o I nt eract ive Session Workflow t he Design Phase
o Overview
o Det ails of t he Work Process
o The I nit ial Design
I nt eract ive Session Workflow The Design Phase
o Overview
o Det ails of t he Work Process
o The I nit ial Design
3 Wor k i ng w i t h t he Cool i ng Wat er Model Wor k sheet s
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 481
I nt roduct ion
o Worksheet s
o But t on act ions
Cooling Wat er Design Model Worksheet s
Worksheet Det ails
o St at us Worksheet
o Preferences Worksheet
How t o Revise Default Values
Design Preference Cat egories
o Circuit s Worksheet
I nit ial Configurat ion
St ep 1: Assignment of Areas t o Circuit s
How Area Assignment s are Used for Circuit
Design
St ep 2: Assignment of Spacing Bet ween
Areas
St at us messages and Values Used for
Circuit Design
4 Basi s f or t he Cool i ng Wat er Desi gn Model
o General Flow sheet for cooling wat er service
o Cooling Wat er Model Circuit ry
o Cooling wat er dist ribut ion net work
o Naming convent ions
Proj ect cooling wat er area
Areas Requiring Cooling Wat er
Plant bulk pipe it em descript ions
Dist ribut ion Piping Line t ypes
o Sequencing of Areas on t he Main Line
o Cooling Wat er Foot print Model
o Pipe, Valves and Fit t ings Count
o Line Sizing and Pressure Drop Calculat ions
Proj ect s wit h a prior cooling wat er ut ilit y
model area
Cooling t owers- t erminology and t he
defining st ream t emperat ures
482 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
1. Over vi ew
Anal y zer Ut i l i t y Modul e ( AUM) Wat er
One of t he difficult ies wit h economic analysis, bot h capit al cost
and payback det erminat ion, is t he lack of scope definit ion for
non- process ut ilit y or out side boundary limit port ions of t he
proj ect . The Analyzer Ut ilit y Module, AUM, was creat ed as t he
home for a series of aut omat ed ut ilit y design models t o
address t his difficult y. The Cooling Wat er Select ion, Design and
Sizing Model is t he first ut ilit y design model in AUM and it s
funct ionalit y and met hod of use is described in det ail in t his
chapt er.
Cool i ng Wat er Desi gn Model
The Cooling Wat er Design Model is an aut omat ed, int eract ive
and rapid design module t hat is cont ained in Aspen Decision
Analyzer and works wit h st ream- based proj ect s. The cooling
wat er model ident ifies heat exchanger equipment or any ot her
t ype of proj ect component t hat requires cooling wat er by it s
connect ion t o a cooling wat er ut ilit y resource st ream.
To access t he Cool i ng Wat er Desi gn Model :
1 St art ing wit h an open proj ect t hat cont ains ut ilit y st reams as
part of it s definit ion, click Run, t hen click Ut i l i t y Model . Or,
simply click t he U but t on t o access ut ilit y models.
2 Click Cool i ng Wat er .
At t his point built - in design and processing procedures do all t he
hard work under your cont rol and guidance and a few minut es
lat er, your proj ect will be augment ed wit h a new cooling wat er
ut ilit y area t hat cont ains designed cooling wat er circuit ry and
associat ed proj ect component s. You can use t he model result s
using it s set of adj ust able design paramet ers or revise any and
default values wit hin prescribed limit s t o suit your needs.
I n t he discussions t o follow, t he t erm ear l y desi gn met r i cs is
used t o indicat e values prepared by t he cooling wat er model
during an int eract ive design session. These are present ed for
guidance in advance of final design values t hat would be
prepared on complet ing a proj ect evaluat ion run.
Not e: Worksheet names are shown in it alic bold face t o
dist inguish t he names from t ext .
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 483
Val ue i n Ti me and Ef f or t
The cooling wat er design model does all t he hard work design,
select ion, report ing, loading t he design result s in minut es
rat her t han t radit ional hours and days. I t is a powerful resource
in t he development of a t ypical Front End Engineering Design:
Early process t echnology evaluat ion st age - focus is on I nside
Bat t ery Limit s ( I SBL) component s
Wit h t he process t echnology select ed and addit ional scope,
t ot al proj ect cost s are sought . Out side Bat t ery Limit s ( OSBL)
component s are required, part icularly cooling wat er ut ilit y
service.
The cooling wat er design model
Aut omat ically select s, designs, and adds sized ut ilit y syst em
component s t o t he proj ect scope definit ion
Can be revisit ed in each cycle of scope change.
The Key St eps
On init iat ing t he cooling wat er model, t he model aut omat ically
analyzes your proj ect for cooling wat er requirement s and
aut omat ically generat es select ed, sized and designed cooling
wat er ut ilit y service proj ect component s all based on init ial
default design preferences and circuit ry. Two int eract ive
workbooks Pr ef er ences and Ci r cui t r y enable you t o revise
default values for t he design and select ion basis. St udying
design alt ernat ives st art s wit h eit her a click of an opt ion box or a
dat a ent ry. Being int eract ive, t he cooling wat er model enables
you t o cycle from design basis t o early design result s in a mat t er
of mouse clicks. Each new specificat ion result s in a new design
and a report of key decision met rics. The list of sized proj ect
component s is ret ained unt il you choose t o load t he result s int o
your proj ect . Messages and met rics report s are provided
ext ensively t o guide you quickly and knowingly t hrough a st udy
of design alt ernat ives.
When you have set t led on a design you can load t he result s int o
your proj ect . The loading operat ion begins wit h a click of a Load
but t on and processing is aut omat ic. Aft er a minut e or so, t he
loading process will be complet e and t he Proj ect Basis view will
be displayed on your screen. Scope it ems added t o your proj ect
include a uniquely named cooling wat er area followed by a list of
cooling wat er ut ilit y proj ect component s: cooling t owers,
circulat ion pumps, chemical inj ect ion pumps, working and st and-
484 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
by spares, and dist ribut ion piping, valves and fit t ings. Each
component is select ed, designed and sized in harmony wit h your
design basis and t he needs of heat exchange equipment in your
various proj ect areas.
2. Wor k i ng w i t h t he Cool i ng Wat er Model
Pr epar at i on Wor k f l ow
The Cooling Wat er Design model requires a st ream- based
proj ect built in eit her Aspen Process Economic Analyzer or Aspen
Decision Analyzer, wit h component s t hat require cooling wat er
connect ed t o one or more cooling wat er ut ilit y resources.
The flow rat es, wat er t emperat ures, dut ies and component s
provide t he basis for t he design requirement s. The cooling wat er
model will first diagnose t he proj ect s requirement s and init iat e a
design. The user can t hen revise t he design basis and review
early design met rics for a variet y of design scenarios, set t le on a
design basis and load t he design result s int o t he proj ect .
The Wor k f l ow Cy cl e
Figure 2. 1 illust rat es t he cooling wat er design cycle: from proj ect
t o design model and back t o t he proj ect wit h added new scope.
Two but t ons cont rol t he process:
U t o select t he cooling wat er model
Load t o load designed result s
Using t hese t wo act ions, you can part icipat e int eract ively in t he
design process, making design select ions, reviewing early
met rics, revising select ions, and clearing any error messages.
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 485

Fi gur e 2.1. The Wor k f l ow Cy cl e, ex t r act ed f r om t he Wel come w or k sheet
To init iat e a cooling wat er design model session, t hree st eps are
required
1 Save t he proj ect under a new scenario name.
2 Evaluat e t he proj ect
3 Run t he Cooling wat er ut ilit y model
Each of t hese st eps is det ailed and illust rat ed in t he following
sect ions.
Accessi ng t he Cool i ng Wat er Ut i l i t y Model
1 SAVE AS: Since AUM- Cooling Wat er processing is aut omat ic,
it is wise t o first save your base proj ect under a new name.
This will ensure t hat your base proj ect remains int act for
furt her evaluat ions.
486 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es

2 Evaluat e t he proj ect : Click Run | Deci si on Anal y zer as in
Figure 2. 2a or click t he A but t on as in Figure 2. 2b. This will
provide t he Decision Analyzer dialog box, Figure 2. 2c. Check
Ev al uat e Pr oj ect and provide a file name.

Fi gur e 2.2a. To eval uat e f r om Run:

Fi gur e 2.2b. To eval uat e usi ng t he A- but t on.

Fi gur e 2.2c. Choose Eval uat e Pr oj ect .
The reason for t his st ep is t o ensure t hat t he proj ect scope and
cooling wat er requirement s developed during evaluat ion are
current and up t o dat e. I t will also eliminat e an error message
( Figure 2. 2d) t hat would be displayed when accessing t he
cooling wat er model no evaluat ion dat a were available.
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 487
.
Fi gur e 2.2d. Er r or message i f t he pr oj ect w as not eval uat ed
3 Select t he Cooling Wat er Model: To do t his, choose
Run> Ut ilit y Model ( Figure 2, 2a) or press t he U but t on on
t he but t on bar ( Figure 2. 3a) :

Fi gur e 2.3a. To obt ai n ut i l i t y model s usi ng t he U- but t on.
This will bring up t he Ut ilit y Model dialog box, Figure 2. 3b. A
blank value under St at us indicat es t he proj ect does not cont ain a
prior cooling wat er model area. I f a proj ect cont ained a prior
area, t he St at us field would indicat e Loaded.

Fi gur e 2.3b. Ut i l i t y model sel ect i on
3b Select Cooling Wat er: Click OK. This will eit her init iat e an
int eract ive Cooling Wat er Design session in MS Excel and display
a Load opt ion or display a proj ect - not - evaluat ed error message
( see St ep 2 above) .
I nt er act i v e Sessi on Wor k f l ow t he Desi gn Phase
Ov er v i ew
When t he cooling wat er model is invoked, it :
488 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
( a) analyzes for proj ect cooling wat er requirement s
( b) works from Pr ef er ences ( user- modifiable, default set of
design paramet er values)
( c) prepares an init ial design.
Result s of t he init ial design and any subsequent int eract ive
scenario are present ed in a Capt ur e worksheet . I f t he design
meet s wit h t he users approval, a user click of t he parked Load
but t on will load t he design result s int o t he proj ect , at which t ime
t he proj ect can be re- evaluat ed.
The Pr ef er ences and Ci r cui t s worksheet s allow t he user t o
modify t he default design basis. Each spec change will result in a
new design. Hyperlinks provide rapid access from one sheet t o
anot her and sect ions in a sheet . The Cont r ol Cent er t oolbar
but t on opens t he Cont r ol Cent er worksheet , which has
hyperlinks t o ot her sheet s and t heir maj or cat egories.
Worksheet t abs are color coded t o mat ch hyperlinks at t he t op of
each worksheet .
The following sect ions provide a det ailed descript ion of t he work
process as well as det ailed descript ions of each worksheet ,
cat egory and it em.
Det ai l s of t he Wor k Pr ocess
Wit h t he click of t he OK but t on in st ep 3b above, t hree act ions
will occur
1 The model first ident ifies if a prior cooling wat er model area is
present in t he proj ect . I f present , t he user can choose t o
Delet e t he prior area and cont inue wit h t he model or ret urn t o
t he proj ect . I f Delet e is chosen, t he ut ilit y model will proceed
wit h t he design and delay delet ion unt il it is t ime t o load t he
new result s.
2 I f no prior cooling wat er ut ilit y area is det ect ed, t he
Wel come screen is displayed and remains present during a
t ime when:
a Proj ect requirement s are aut omat ically passed t o t he
model
b The model prepares an init ial design
c A Load | Cancel | Mi ni mi ze opt ion is provided ( Figure
2. 4) . To cont inue, click t he mi ni mi ze but t on at t he t op.
This will park t he but t on box for access during t he design
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 489
phase. Cancel will end t he cooling wat er model session and
ret urn normal proj ect funct ions wit h no change t o t he proj ect .

Fi gur e 2.4. Load- Cancel - Mi ni mi ze but t on box es
a Cont rol Cent er but t on bar ( figure 2. 5) is provided t o
access t he Cont r ol Cent er worksheet from any worksheet
Seven worksheet s are present ed in a MS Excel framework:
o Welcome
o Cont rol Cent er
o St at us
o Preferences
o Capt ure
o Guide
3 The model t hen displays t he Cont r ol Cent er worksheet ,
which links t o all ot her worksheet s and provides an indicat ion
of success ( green signal) or failure ( red signal) t o creat e an
init ial design based on default design paramet ers.
The I ni t i al Desi gn
On init iat ion, t he cooling wat er model will report t he St at us of
t he design on t he Cont r ol Cent er ( see Figure 2. 5) worksheet
under St at us Report , and if any, will ident ify clashes on t he
St at us worksheet and furt her, on t he Pr ef er ences and Ci r cui t s
worksheet .
A St at us Report message: Successful. A Load can proceed
indicat es all is well bet ween proj ect requirement s, design
paramet ers and design met hodology. At t his point , it is wise t o
review early design met rics by accessing t he Capt ur ed Resul t s
worksheet ( see Figure 2. 6) . The user can ret urn t o
Pr ef er ences and Ci r cui t s t o st udy design alt ernat ives. I f
capt ured result s are accept able, a click of t he parked Load
but t on will ( 1) carry t he design result s int o t he proj ect , ( 2) close
t he worksheet s and ( 3) ret urn t o t he proj ect for evaluat ion of
t he augment ed proj ect .
490 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Should t he design basis produce a clash wit h proj ect
requirement s, error messages and flags will be displayed in a
t op- down succession of worksheet s. The first indicat ion is given
under St at us Report on t he Cont r ol Cent er Worksheet . The
St at us worksheet is t he cent ral report ing agency, where checks
are made and links are provided t o source locat ions in t he
Pr ef er ences and Ci r cui t s input worksheet s.

Fi gur e 2.5. I l l ust r at i on of t he Cont r ol Cent er Wor k sheet , w i t h di spl ay of
Cont r ol Cent er t ool bar and Load but t on
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 491

Fi gur e 2.6. A sect i on of a Resul t s Capt ur e sheet show i ng val ues i n t he pr oj ect
uni t s of measur e set .
3. Wor k i ng w i t h t he Cool i ng Wat er Model
Wor k sheet s
I nt r oduct i on
Worksheet s: Seven worksheet s are provided, of which
Pr ef er ences and Ci r cui t s are for user input , t o revise t he
design basis:
Wel come: greet ings, workflow graphic
Cont r ol Cent er : navigat ion
St at us: message cent er
Pr ef er ences: design select ions
Ci r cui t s: circuit definit ion
Capt ur e: early design met rics
Gui de: help
But t on Act i ons: The Cont rol Cent er t oolbar is always available
during a model session. A click will open t he Cont rol Cent er
492 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
worksheet and a hyperlink click will direct you t o a chosen
worksheet . When t he Cont rol Cent er t oolbar is parked t oget her
wit h t he Excel Web t oolbar you can quickly search forward and
backward.
You can st ep from one sheet t o anot her, revise t he design basis,
review st at us and result s, decide on an alt ernat e design basis,
make revisions, review t he result s and when ready, click t he
Load but t on ( see Load- Cancel- Minimize) t o inj ect t he result s in
t he proj ect . Or, you can refuse t he design using Cancel . Clicking
Load conveys t he design result s t o t he proj ect , t he cooling
wat er design models Excel sheet s and ret urn t o normal Analyzer
funct ions. Cancel bypasses t he cooling wat er model and ret urns
t o Analyzer.
Cool i ng Wat er Desi gn Model Wor k sheet s
The SPECS cooling Model workbook consist s of
Two design basis sheet s t his is where you input your
select ions
o Pr ef er ences: process and mechanical design
specs:
Red error flags and messages are displayed for
out of range or missing dat a values
Uses click boxes for eit her/ or choices, B and
R swit ches t o select base ( default ) or revised
value and user value t o replace t he base value
o Ci r cui t s: assignment of areas t o a circuit , spacing
of areas in a circuit along t he main line:
Assignment uses 1, 2, 3, 4 t o assign an area t o
a circuit
Spacing uses t he B and R swit ch met hod
and user spacing t o replace t he base footprint
model value
St at us sheet all messages are summarized here for your
review and repair
o Key st at us message is highlight ed in color ( green:
Loading can be performed, red: Errors must be
cleared)
o Summarizes ot her messages, links direct ly t o input
locat ions for revision
Capt ur e Resul t s: displays early design met rics for
decision making, provides t he basis for alt ernat ive choices
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 493
of preferences or circuit ry. By early design met rics is
meant values in advance of t hose creat ed during proj ect
evaluat ion
Gui de: provides inst ruct ions, describes dat a ent ry, color
coding
Cont r ol Cent er : hypert ext links int erconnect all sheet s
and main cat egories for rapid navigat ion
All sheet s: are convenient ly color coded, wit h red flags
appearing on error condit ion. All error condit ions must be
cleared before result s can be loaded
Wel come sheet : Welcome, displayed during t he init iat ion
process, cont ains a workflow graphic
On complet ion of an error- free int eract ive session, pressing t he
LOAD but t on will aut omat ically load and inj ect t he result s int o
t he proj ect . The proj ect will t hen cont ain new scope addit ions:
( 1) a uniquely named, t ime- st amped cooling wat er area will be
used t o cont ain ( 2) a select ed, designed list of cooling wat er
ut ilit y proj ect component s. Each it em so added by t he model
may be opened, reviewed, revised in t he same way as any ot her
proj ect component .
Wor k sheet Det ai l s
St at us Wor k sheet
The St at us sheet report s messages and has hypert ext links t o
source locat ions in t he event of a report ed error. Maj or report
cat egories are:
Overall st at us
Exist ing cooling wat er area is in t he proj ect
Cooling circuit component s wet bulb t emperat ure,
minimum approach t emperat ure, lowest desired cooling
wat er t emperat ure
Cooling wat er resources: naming, excluded st reams and
reasons, net number
Proj ect component s: t ot al, number served by cooling wat er
Proj ect areas: t ot al number, t hose served by cooling
wat er
Cooling wat er loads: t ot al flow rat e, t ot al heat dut y,
excess capacit y, t ot al flow rat e at excess capacit y
Layout dist ances: number of paramet ers out of range
Pumps specs out of range
494 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Piping specs out of range
Circuit assignment s out of range
Spacing assignment s out of range
Figure 3. 1 illust rat es an ext ract of a St at us sheet

Fi gur e 3.1 Ex t r act , sampl e of a St at us Sheet
Preferences Worksheet
Unit s of measure used in t he Pr ef er ences worksheet
correspond t o t hose defined in t he proj ect . Error messages are
displayed alongside each ent ry; errors are flagged in red. This
sheet uses click boxes and dat a ent ry fields for specifying design
preferences. Each preference is provided wit h a explanat ory
t ext , limit values, user ent ry field and a default value which is
used in t he init ial design and any subsequent design should t he
user not provide an over- ride select ion or value.
How t o Revi se Def aul t Val ues
This worksheet uses t wo met hods, check boxes and dat a ent ries
cont rolled by swit ch boxes t o revise t he supplied set of default
( base) design paramet ers. Throughout dat a ent ry discussions,
t he t erm used for a model- supplied set of dat a is referred t o as
default values. For a part icular paramet er, t he model- supplied
value is t ermed a base value, symbolized by t he let t er B. A
value supplied by t he user is t ermed a revised value and is
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 495
symbolized by t he let t er R. A mouse click will swit ch bet ween
using a base value and a revised value.
See Figure 2. 2c ( page 486) for informat ion on how t o use a
check box:
A default value is provided t o t he left of t he check box
A check box t it le signifies t he alt ernat ive t o t he default
value
The result ing choice is displayed t o t he right
A st at us message is displayed t hat provides addit ional
informat ion

Fi gur e 3.2 Ex t r act , sampl e of a Pr ef er ences sheet show i ng cl i ck box met hod
of sel ect i on
Design Preference Categories:
Cooling Tower ( values in t his sect ion affect t he circuit ry,
sizing of cooling t owers and flow- relat ed equipment such
as circulat ion pumps and dist ribut ion piping)
o Design Capacit y, excess capacit y
o Design Temperat ure: Summer wet bulb
t emperat ure ( see Cooling Tower discussion of wet
bulb t emperat ure, approach gradient , range)
o Messages relat ing t o cooling wat er resource
requirement s vs. design preferences
o Number of Cooling Towers
o Mult iple Cooling Towers: choose eit her one t ower
for all circuit s or one for each circuit
496 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
o Working Twin : choose a single t ower at 100%
capacit y or t wo ( t wins) , each at 50% capacit y
Layout ( t hese are dimension limit checks t hat are applied
t o ent ries on t he Ci r cui t s worksheet
o Dist ance
From t ower t o first branch t o an area
Minimum value t o first branch t o an area
( oft en defined by fire regulat ions)
From a branch t o an area header
Maximum spacing bet ween areas ( a limit
check)
St at us messages relat ed t o dist ance
Pumps
o Area Pressure Drop: pressure drop for equipment
requiring cooling wat er, applies t o all areas
o Working Pumps
Limit ing value for number of working pumps in
a circuit
Pump t ype: horizont al ( CENTRI F or API 610
model t ypes) or vert ical ( TURBI NE model t ype,
at low speed only)
Pump speed: low or high RPM
St and- by pumps if four or less pumps in a
circuit : yes or no
St and- by pumps if more t han four pumps in a
circuit : yes or no
Elect rical power t o pumps based on volt age
choice: LV ( low- volt age) , MV ( mid- volt age) ,
HV ( high- volt age) . Limit ing values of power
per pump mot or are displayed based on
proj ect specificat ions. A volt age choice defines
t he maximum power t o a mot or driver and
hence, t he number of pumps in a circuit .
Recall t hat each change t o a specificat ion
result s in a complet ely new design; a volt age
select ion result s in a design value for t he
number of pumps and can produce an error
condit ion and message if t he number of pumps
exceeds t he limit ing value for number of
pumps in a circuit .
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 497
Design messages for pumps and piping for
each of four possible circuit s
Piping: Limit ing values for line size, by line t ype, where
line sizes are in t he unit s of measure of t he proj ect , eit her
I N DI AM or MM DI AM
Suct ion line size for circulat ion pumps ( a flow
rat e per pump suct ion line based on select ed
line size is provided for informat ion purposes)
Main line segment line size
Branch line size
Area header line size
Risers line size ( for 3D area t ypes)
Lat erals line size ( for 3D area t ypes)
Circuits Worksheet
Unit s of measure used in t he Ci r cui t s worksheet correspond t o
t hose defined in t he proj ect
This worksheet is designed t o handle up t o one hundred cooling
wat er areas. Areas are list ed vert ically. The worksheet is divided
int o five maj or cat egories in columns of dat a:
1 I nit ial Configurat ion
See Figure 3. 3 for t he init ial configurat ion

Fi gur e 3.3 Ex t r act f r om Ci r cui t s sheet I ni t i al Conf i gur at i on ( l ef t ) , St ep 1
( r i ght )
498 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
The following ( see Figure 3. 3, left side) are report ed for each
area being served by a recognized cooling wat er ut ilit y resource
st ream:
I nit ial Sort Sequence: sequenced by area, from t he area
wit h highest cooling wat er requirement s t o t he area wit h
t he lowest
Area Name: user- assigned name, carried int o t he cooling
wat er design model from proj ect area specs
Area Type: user- assigned area t ype, carried int o t he
cooling wat er design model from proj ect area specs
Area CW Rat e: area cooling wat er ( CW) flow rat e, t he sum
of all recognized cooling wat er flow rat es for equipment in
an area as adj ust ed by t he Excess Capacit y value in t he
Pr ef er ences worksheet
I nit ial Circuit Number: always 1 as all areas are init ially
assigned t o a single circuit
I nit ial Circuit I D: always A
2 St ep 1 Assignment of Areas t o Circuit s ( User ent ry one of
t wo)
Please refer t o Figure 3. 3 ( right side) :
Ent er a Circuit Number 1, 2, 3, or 4: user value is
required; if only one area requires cooling wat er, ent er 1.
I f t wo areas, use 1 for bot h or assign 1 t o one area and 2
t o t he ot her. The design model will sequence t he areas. I n
an error condit ion, an error message and a red flag will be
displayed. Error condit ions must be resolved t o obt ain
loadable design result s.
Syst em- Assigned Circuit I d: The model will assign a let t er
I D ( A, B, C, D) t o each area based on circuit assignment s
and t ot al circuit flow rat e. I f t he proj ect cont ains four or
more areas, t hen it is possible t o assign areas t o circuit
numbers 1 t o 4. The model will collect all t he area flow
rat es in each circuit and sequence t he circuit s from
great est flow t o least in t he sequence A, B, C, D. The A
circuit will have a larger t ot al flow rat e t han circuit B , B
will be great er t han circuit C and D will have t he least
flow rat e. Similarly, for t hree areas in a proj ect , valid
circuit numbers range from 1 t o 3 and circuit I Ds assign t o
t hese circuit s, based on t ot al flows will be sequenced and
labeled A, B and C. A one- area proj ect will be assigned a
circuit I D of A.
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 499
St at us
o St at us of all ent ries: summarizes number or errors
t o be resolved; if none, OK is displayed
o St at us for individual ent ries: message is issued for
invalid circuit numbers and field is flagged in red
3 How Area Assignment s are Used for Circuit Design
Please refer t o Figure 3. 4

Fi gur e 3.4 Ex t r act of Ci r cui t s sheet def i ni ng ar ea spaci ng usi ng t he B/ R
sw i t ch
Each line it em in t his sect ion represent s an area and it s
propert ies. Areas are sort ed and sequenced in descending t ot al
circuit flow rat e and t hen by area flow rat e. Circuit s are labeled
A, B, C, D wit h circuit A being t he one wit h t he highest flow rat e;
B is next et c. An area t hat was t agged as circuit 2 in st ep 1 may
be in a circuit wit h t he lowest flow and would be organized
accordingly and given a Circuit I D let t er depending on t he ot her
circuit flows.
This sect ion displays t he propert ies and at t ribut es of each area in
t he sequenced list .
Values displayed for informat ion purposes are:
New Sort Sequence: displays values vert ically in t he
sequence 1, 2, 3, et c
I nit ial Sort Sequence: displays t he init ial sort sequence
number for t he area
ID of Area In Report Group (ArRg): t he ArRg I D for t he area
Area name: user- assigned proj ect area descript ion
Area CW Rate: displays t he cooling wat er rat e, as adj ust ed
by t he Pr ef er ences value for excess capacit y
500 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Area Heat Dut y: heat dut y requirement s for all equipment
wit hin t he area ident ified as requiring a valid cooling wat er
resource
User circuit number: value ent ered in St ep 1, for
reference purposes
Circuit ID: let t er A, B, C, D assigned by t he cooling wat er
model based on sequencing circuit flow rat es
Posit ion Of Area I n Circuit : Only one area can be first in
line in a circuit . First if t he area has t he highest flow rat e
of all areas in t he circuit , ot herwise no a blank display.
The area wit h a First posit ion will t ake on a default
dist ance from t he cooling t ower as defined by t he
Preferences value for t hat dist ance.
4 Step 2: Assignment of Spacing Between areas
Each line it em in t his sect ion corresponds t o it em 4 above. A
line it em represent s an area and it s propert ies, wit h areas being
sort ed and sequenced in descending circuit and area flow rat e.
This sect ion enables t he user t o revise base values for t he
spacing of areas along t he main line. I t uses t he Swit ch
met hod t o revise a base value as described in t he sect ion on
Preferences.
Base Value for Spacing Along Circuit Main Line: This is t he
run lengt h of t he main segment bet ween t he prior and
current area as developed by t he footprint model.
Ent er Swit ch: B for Base, R t o revise. Choose a blank
ent ry or ent er eit her a B ( or b) t o indicat e use of t he base
value. Use R ( or r) t o indicat e use of a revised value
o Swit ch value is blank: design will use t he base value
o Swit ch value is B or b: design will use t he base
value
o Swit ch value is R or r: indicat es a fort hcoming user
value will revise t he default spacing value. The
design will use t he revised value if t he user value is
wit hin range of prescribed limit s.
Ent er Revised Spacing Along The Circuit Main Line: This
value will replace t he base value if it meet s range limit
condit ions set fort h in t he Preferences worksheet . By
spacing is meant t he dist ance bet ween successive areas.
As t he line it ems in t his sect ion represent areas t hat are
sort ed and sequenced, t he spacing for a part icular line
it em is t he spacing bet ween t he st art of t he prior area and
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 501
t he st art of t he current area. This spacing is a measure of
t he areas main line segment . See t he sect ion on t he
Cooling Water Footprint Model. Piping runs lengt hs are
t ypically longer t han spacing as t hey include pipe t o
configure fit t ings, expansion loops, et c.
Ent er a value. The result ing act ion depends on t he
corresponding swit ch value
o Swit ch value is blank, B or b: user value is ignored,
base value will be used
o Swit ch value is R or r: user value is t est ed against
range limit s and design crit eria. I f error free, t he
user value will be displayed as t he Applied Value.
Error condit ions will display inst ruct ional st at us
messages, red flag, and prevent complet ion of a
valid design
5. St at us messages and values used for design
o Flag: A red flag is displayed t o indicat e a line it em
error condit ion
o St at us: B ( Base) uses base value, R ( Revise) uses
revised value or st at us message ( displays limit ing
values, error messages)
o Value used for spacing along circuit main line: The
value used in t he design
4. Basi s f or t he Cool i ng Wat er Desi gn
Model
This sect ion describes t he basis of t he cooling wat er design
model. I t is present ed wit h numerous graphics t o enable a clear
underst anding of t he work being performed by t he model when it
is analyzing and designing cooling wat er proj ect component s
t hat are in harmony wit h your design preferences and t he needs
of component s requiring cooling wat er.
Gener al Fl ow Sheet f or Cool i ng Wat er Ser v i ce
Figure 4. 1 is a schemat ic diagram of a t ypical cooling wat er
circuit . I n t his figure, circulat ion pumps draw cooled cooling
wat er, t he cooling wat er supply st ream, from t he supply basin at
t he bot t om of a cooling t ower and dist ribut e it t hrough piping t o
heat exchanger locat ed in one or more proj ect areas. Cooling
wat er ret urn st reams are combined and sent t o a cooling t ower
502 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
where it is cooled, principally by evaporat ive cooling. Mot or
driven fans mount ed on t he t ower draw ( induced draft ) or force
( forced draft ) ambient air int o t he cooling t ower where it
cont act s t he downward flow of cooling wat er. The cooled cooling
wat er drops down from t he t ower int o a supply basin, await ing
wit hdrawal by t he circulat ion pumps.
Wat er is added t o make up for losses t hrough evaporat ion, air-
born drift and for blow- down. Wat er drawn from t he syst em t o
prevent t he build- up of cont aminant s is t ermed blow- down.
See below for more on cool i ng t ow er s, t erminology and
defining st ream t emperat ures
Cooling wat er in such a circuit t ends t o accumulat es algae,
corrosion cont aminant s and part icles t hat slough off t he
dist ribut ion syst em. Wat er t reat ment chemicals are added t o
alleviat e t hese condit ions, wit h t he degree of such t reat ment
depending on t he wat er supply source and environment al
condit ions. Five t ypes of t reat ment chemicals are t ypically used
in small quant it ies t o cont rol t he wat er qualit y. The cooling wat er
model provides each cooling t ower wit h a diaphragm t ype of
pump and a st and- by for each of t he t reat ment chemicals. The
model uses t he following labels t o ident ify t he t ypes:
Sulfuric acid ( pH cont rol)
Sodium hypochlorit e ( pH cont rol)
Biocide ( algae growt h cont rol)
Corrosion inhibit or
Dispersant ( suspended part icles cont rol)

Fi gur e 4.1 I l l ust r at i on: Cool i ng Wat er Fl ow Di agr am
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 503
Cool i ng Wat er Model Ci r cui t r y
The cooling wat er model is designed t o support up t o four
independent cooling wat er circuit s. Each circuit can have it s own
cooling t ower or all circuit s can be defined t o share a cooling
t ower. A circuit consist s of pumps and dist ribut ion piping t o and
from proj ect areas. I t is t he P&I D specs t hat define t he
component s hook- up piping t o t he cooling wat er models
circuit ry.
Summarizing, t he cooling wat er model develops piping runs t o a
proj ect area and dist ribut es cooling wat er t o component s in t he
area via an area header or risers and lat erals in t he case of 3D
area t ypes. Each circuit is provided wit h a supply and ret urn
dist ribut ion net work; what is supplied must be ret urned: one
supply line implies one ret urn line.
Figure 4. 2 is a schemat ic diagram showing several areas t hat
have equipment requiring cooling wat er and one t hat does not .
The cooling wat er model will not serve an area t hat does not
have cooling wat er requirement s. I f such an area is t o be
included, t hen it is recommended t hat one or more exchangers
connect ed wit h cooling wat er ut ilit y st reams be int roduced in
t hat area.
The cooling wat er model allows for a one cooling t ower ( or t wo
50% t owers) t o serve all circuit s or individual cooling t ower ( or
t wo 50% t owers) for each circuit . Clearly, if only one area
requires cooling wat er, only one circuit can be defined, up t o t wo
circuit s for t wo areas, up t o t hree circuit s for t hree areas and a
maximum of four circuit s for four or more areas requiring cooling
wat er.
504 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es

Fi gur e 4.2 Si ngl e, I ndependent Cool i ng Wat er Ci r cui t
Figure 4. 3, case ( a) is a diagram showing a single t reed circuit .
Figure 4. 4, case ( b) , illust rat es mult iple t reed circuit s. The
difference bet ween t he t wo cases is ( a) one cooling t ower for
each circuit or ( b) one for all circuit s. Case ( a) would apply t o
proj ect s wit h a single area or for mult iple circuit s, wit h each
circuit being served by it s own cooling t ower.
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 505

Fi gur e 4.3 ( case a) . I l l ust r at i on of one cool i ng t ow er used t o ser ve a set of
ar eas i n a si ngl e ci r cui t . The model w i l l per mi t up t o f our si ngl e ci r cui t s, each
havi ng i t s ow n cool i ng t ow er and ci r cul at i on pumps.

Fi gur e 4.4 ( case b) . I l l ust r at i on of one cool i ng t ow er used t o ser ve mul t i pl e
ci r cui t s. For t hi s case, t he model w i l l pr ovi de one cool i ng t ow er f or al l
ci r cui t s and a set of ci r cul at i on pumps f or each ci r cui t .
506 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Cool i ng Wat er Di st r i but i on Net w or k
This sect ion describes t he met hodology used in circuit design
Naming convent ions
Sequencing of areas on t he main line
Cooling wat er foot print model
Pipe, valves and fit t ings count
Line sizing and pressure drop calculat ions
Nami ng Convent i ons
Proj ect Cooling Wat er Ut ilit y Area: The cooling wat er design
model will creat e a cooling wat er model ut ilit y area t o cont ain
proj ect component s for each circuit . On loading, t he area will be
named wit h a dat e and t ime st amp t o ensure it is unique and
can be det ect ed and properly delet ed when a new design is t o
t ake it s place.
The naming convent ion is: AUMCoolWat er ddmmmyy_t t t t ,
where
dd is t he day number of t he session mont h ( 1, 2, 3, . . ,
31)
mmm is a t hree charact er represent at ion of t he session
mont h ( j an, feb, mar, apr, may, j un, j ul, aug, sep, oct ,
nov, dec)
yy is t he last t wo digit s of t he session year ( 05 for 2005,
et c)
t t t t is t he decimal fract ion of t he session day
Ut ilit y proj ect component s are t ime- st amped in a similar
manner. As only four digit s are used ( t t t t ) , it is possible t hat a
load act ion might span t wo t t t t t imes ( one t en- t housandt h of a
day, durat ion of 8. 64 seconds) wit h no significant result ing
consequence.
Once a cooling wat er ut ilit y area is loaded in t he proj ect , t he
user may access any it em in t he usual way, by using t he Proj ect
View, clicking on any component and viewing t he design
paramet ers in t he forms view. Any and all dat a in t he cooling
wat er ut ilit y area may be modified as required.
Areas Requiring Cooling Wat er: Each area t hat requires cooling
wat er is ident ified by a unique Ar Rg number t hat is made up of
syst emassigned numeric values for Area I D and Report Group.
An ArRg value of 201 indicat es Area I D = 2 in Report Group 1.
The user- assigned area descript ion, which may not be unique in
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 507
a given proj ect , is print ed in report s along wit h it s unique ArRg
value.
Plant Bulk Pipe I t em Descript ions: The naming convent ion
above is combined wit h t he Area Code and is t ime st amped
when loaded int o t he proj ect . For example, MainSeg, ArRg
201_T7883 is t he it em descript ion for main line supply and
ret urn line segment t hat serves area 2 in report group 1, t ime
st amped T7883.
Dist ribut ion Piping Line Types: The dist ribut ion net work in t his
cooling wat er model consist s of t he following named t ypes of
lines:
Main line segment : a port ion piping along t he main line
o MS
o MainSeg
o MainChk for a main segment t hat cont ains a
check valve
Branch segment : a short run of pipe, from t he main line
t o a specific proj ect area
o B
o Branch
o BrChk for a branch t hat cont ains a check valve
Area header: a line of pipe, valves and fit t ings t hat
dist ribut es cooling wat er along t he long dimension of t he
base of a proj ect area
o AH
o Area Header
o ArHdrChk for an area header t hat cont ains a
check valve
Risers vert ical runs of pipe t o bring cooling wat er t o each
level in a 3d st ruct ure
o R
o Risers
o RiseChk for a riser t hat cont ains a check valve
Lat erals horizont al runs of pipe t hat dist ribut e cooling
wat er t o each floor in a 3D st ruct ure
o L
o Lat erals
o Lat Chk for a lat eral t hat cont ains a check valve
508 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Vent s and drains high- point vent s, low- point drains on
supply and ret urn lines, short runs of small bore pipe
o VD
o Vent Drain
Lines wit h check valves are of minimal lengt h t o sat isfy t he plant
bulk PI PE mode and are separat e line it ems as only one check
valve is assigned t o a supply- ret urn line pair.
Figures 4. 5 and 4. 6 illust rat e t hese line t ypes for 2D ( PAD,
GRADE) and 3D area t ypes ( OPEN, EXOPEN, FLOOR, MODULE)

Fi gur e 4.5 Schemat i c of cool i ng w at er pi pi ng f or a 2D ar ea t y pe ( PAD, GRADE)
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 509

Fi gur e 4.6 Schemat i c of cool i ng w at er pi pi ng f or a 3D ar ea t y pe ( OPEN,
EXOPEN, FLOOR, MODULE)
Sequenci ng of Ar eas on t he Mai n Li ne
Upon ident ifying which areas t hat require cooling wat er and t heir
assigned circuit , t he cooling wat er model arranges t he areas in
decreasing cooling wat er usage. The largest consuming area is
placed at t he front of t he line and t he smallest consumer is
placed at t he end. I n t his way, min line segment s will be larger
in diamet er at t he front of t he line and decrease as each
consumer reduces t he t ot al flow rat e t o t he next area.
Figure 4. 7 illust rat es various line t ypes and sequenced areas.
510 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es

Fi gur e 4.7 Schemat i c of Li ne Ty pes Ser vi ng Ar eas Requi r i ng Cool i ng Wat er
Cool i ng Wat er Foot pr i nt Model
Upon ident ifying an area as one t hat requires cooling wat er, t he
foot print model develops an area foot print by using ( a) t he t ot al
number of component s in an area, ( b) t he area t ype ( 2D or 3D) ,
( c) t he number of level and ( d) a packing densit y ( number of
component s in a bay) and ( e) area aspect rat io, lengt h: widt h, of
1. 5: 1. 0.
The result of t he foot print model is a set of dimensions for each
area requiring cooling wat er. These dimensions are used t o
develop a default value of t he spacing bet ween t he st art of one
area along t he main line and t he next area. The default spacing
dist ances are report ed in t he St ep 2 of t he CI RCUI TS worksheet
and can be over- ridden by t he user.
Pi pe, Val ves and Fi t t i ngs Count
Each line t ype is provided wit h a piping iso model t hat consist s of
set of pipe, valves and fit t ings. Pipe and fit t ing diamet er is
det ermined by volumet ric flow rat e and limit ing line velocit y
( suct ion lines being different from dist ribut ion lines) . Line lengt h
is det ermined by ( a) minimum lengt h of pipe required t o each
t ype of fit t ing and ( b) t he long area dimension, which is
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 511
developed from a cooling- wat er foot print model for each
proj ect area and area t ype. Fit t ings are assigned t o each line
t ype from a list t hat includes elbows ( EL) , t ees ( TE) , reducers
( RE) , flanges ( FL) , blind flanges ( BL) , gat e valves ( GA) , check
valves ( CH) .
Each line t ype is based on five configurat ion component s. The
t ot al line lengt h is det ermined by as t he sum of t he linear run
dist ance plus pipe lengt hs of pipe t o sat isfy t he make- up of t he
configurat ion component s. The make- up of each configurat ion
component is based on line t ype and consist s of quant it ies of t he
following:
Main run component : pipe, of lengt h det ermined by ( a)
t he foot print model, or ( b) user preference value
Fixed component : FL, GA, CH fit t ings, pipe lengt h based
on diamet er of run
Head component : EL, FL fit t ings, pipe lengt h based on
diamet er of run, t o provide direct ional change
Branch point component : TE, RE, FL, BL fit t ings, for
connect ion t o next line t ype
Vent and drain st at ion component : TE, FL GA fit t ings,
pipe; frequency of placement is based on linear run
dist ance
Expansion loop component : EL fit t ings, pipe lengt h
based on diamet er of run, frequency of placement is based
on linear run dist ance
Expansion loops and vent and drain st at ions are placed along t he
run based on line lengt h
The configurat ion of each line t ype serving each area is defined
as a proj ect component locat ed in t he cooling wat er area creat ed
by t he cooling wat er model. Once loaded in t he proj ect , any line
configurat ion can be reviewed and modified in t he usual manner
by opening t hat proj ect component in it s form.
Li ne Si zi ng and Pr essur e Dr op Cal cul at i ons
The Cooling Wat er Model has a Preferences worksheet where, in
t he Piping sect ion, limit ing sizes of each line t ype are defined.
Once areas are assigned t o a circuit , t he flows t hrough t he circuit
are known. Areas are ordered in sequence according t o t heir
flow requirement s, wit h t he largest consumer at t he head of t he
line. The comput at ions are int eract ive and a new design will be
comput ed unnot iced each t ime a design value is revised. I t is
512 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
wise t o check early design result s t hat are displayed in t he
Capt ure worksheet when revising design specificat ions.
Line size and pressure drop comput at ions t ake place in t his
general manner:
St art ing point is limit ing velocit y, as defined in t he I carus
Reference Guide
Flow rat e combined wit h limit ing velocit y result s in
required flow area
Maximum line size det ermines number of parallel lines
Built - in iso for each line t ype defines valve and fit t ing
count
Line lengt h is derived from spacing bet ween areas from
circuit ry input , minimum spacing bet ween areas and
minimum lengt hs from line
Tot al run lengt h is a combinat ion of line lengt h and
number of parallel runs
Pipe frict ion is based on Fanning t ype equat ion
Line- size based fit t ing resist ances are used t o det ermine
fit t ing frict ion losses
A single average value for t he pressure drop across cooling
wat er usage component s in any area is defined in t he
Preference worksheet
Pressure at j unct ions, where flows meet , is common t o
j unct ion st reams
Overall circuit pressure drop comes from a st epwise
calculat ion across all j unct ions
An addit ion head loss due t o cooling t ower elevat ion
complet es t he pressure drop det erminat ion
I t is possible t hat t he limit ing line size for branch and area
headers may be t oo small for some circuit s wit h large flows.
This would result in a clust er of t wo or more parallel lines. To
alleviat e t his condit ion, consider increasing t he limit ing line size.
Pr oj ect s w i t h a Pr i or Cool i ng Wat er Ut i l i t y Model Ar ea
The cooling wat er model will allow a single cooling wat er ut ilit y
area of it s making in a proj ect . I f a proj ect cont ains a prior area,
t he model will det ect it s presence and defer act ion unt il t he user
decides t o load a new cooling wat er model design. Choosing t o
load will delet e t he prior area and t he new one will be loaded. I s
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 513
t he choice is not t o load, t he model worksheet s are closed wit h a
ret urn t o t he normal view.
Cool i ng Tow er s: Ter mi nol ogy and t he Def i ni ng St r eam
Temper at ur es

Fi gur e over vi ew _4. 8 show s a cool i ng t ow er w i t h ai r and cool i ng w at er
st r eams and t hei r t emper at ur es.
Terms used in t he cooling t ower indust ry, illust rat ed in Figure
4. 8, are:
Cooling t ower: a device used t o cool wat er by t he
count ercurrent act ion of ambient air against a downward
flowing st ream of wat er t o be cooled. The cooling process
involves t he cooling of ent ering wat er by evaporat ive
cooling of wat er and sensible heat t o a much lesser degree
Cooling wat er supply st ream: cooling wat er supplied t o
heat exchangers for purpose of cooling process st reams
Cooling wat er ret urn st ream: cooling wat er st reams
leaving heat exchangers, combined for ret urn t o a cooling
t ower
Range: cooling wat er ret urn t emperat ure, Tr cooling
wat er supply t emperat ure, Ts, direct ly relat ed t o t he heat
dut y
Approach Gradient : t he difference bet ween t he wet bulb
air t emperat ure and cooling wat er leaving t he cooling
t ower. Theoret ically, t he cooling wat er t emperat ure can
not drop below t he air wet bulb t emperat ure. For a given
cooling wat er flow rat e, as t he approach gradient
decreases, t he cost of a cooling t ower will increase.
514 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Not es t o Anal y zer Ut i l i t y Model ( AUM)
User s:
Cooling Wat er ut ilit y resources t hat must account ed in t he
Analyzer Ut ilit y Model ( AUM) should be named eit her:
Cooling Wat er or "Cooling Wat er xx"
where:
x x can be t wo digit s ranging from 01 t o 99,
for example, Cool i ng Wat er 01
User creat ed ut ilit y resources t hat do not adhere t o t his format
( for example, CW, Sea Wat er, Cooling Wat er o3) will not be
ident ified as cooling wat er st reams and will be excluded from
AUM' s cooling wat er analysis.
Cooling wat er st reams t hat are not associat ed wit h any
equipment , will be assigned t o t he Area wit h t he maximum
cooling wat er flow rat e. For areas assigned t o t wo or more
circuit s, t he collect ed unassigned cooling wat er flow rat e will be
assigned t o t he first area in t he circuit handling t he largest
circuit flow rat e.
Cooling wat er can eit her be bought or be made. I f it is t o be
made, t he dew point of ambient air added t o t he lower model
limit for t he approach gradient will det ermine t he lowest possible
deliverable t emperat ure. To ensure t hat your specified cooling
wat er ut ilit y resource st reams can be made, please review t he
limit s for t he t wo cooling wat er models:
CTWCOOLI NG
CTWPACKAGED
AUM_Ai r
Ut i l i t y Desi gn and Scope Gener at or
f or I nst r ument and Pl ant Ai r
Over vi ew
The Air Ut ilit y Module aut omat ically and int eract ively:
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 515
select s, designs, and sizes air plant proj ect component s t hat
conform t o your:
o Proj ect scope design basis
o I nt eract ive ent ries for air ut ilit y design and
configurat ion preferences
Augment s t he scope of your proj ect wit h a list of designed air
ut ilit y proj ect component s in a unique air ut ilit y area on t he
click of t he Load but t on
I nt eract ive session enables a review of result s prior t o LOAD
creat es
o St at us messages, suggest ions t o alleviat e design
clashes
o I nt eract ive report of equipment and dist ribut ion
piping design result s
Wit h t he Air Ut ilit y Module, you can review, revise, add ot her
proj ect component s and/ or Run t he augment ed proj ect t o obt ain
a new proj ect evaluat ion.
The Air ut ilit y model can be
applied t o proj ect s t hat have been creat ed using
o Aspen Aspen Process Economic Analyzer, Aspen
Decision Analyzer
o Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
wit hin Aspen Aspen Process Economic Analyzer or Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or
Pr oj ect ar eas and t hei r pr oj ect component s
Aspen Process Economic Analyzer/ Analyzer proj ect s:
o Each group of proj ect component s is cont ained in a
unique Report Group
o A report group is a proj ect area
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect s: You can creat e
o A proj ect area
o A report group t o coordinat e a group of proj ect areas
o The AUM Air ut ilit y module works wit h each proj ect
area and it s air requirement s
Benef i t s:
You get early design met rics for decision making
516 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Decide what s best , t hen t rigger t he LOAD operat ion
Wit h LOAD, a new Air ut ilit y area will be insert ed int o your
proj ect wit h it s designed list of air syst em proj ect component s
Before LOAD, air syst em proj ect component s are int eract ively
o Select ed based on your select ion preferences
o Designed in accordance wit h your proj ect basis and
air design preferences
o Sized
o Report ed
I n a small fract ion of t he t ime and effort it t akes t o do t his
work in t he t radit ional manner
Change t he proj ect scope? Re- run t he ut ilit y module!
How AUM_Ai r Wor k s

Gener al AUM_Ai r Wor k f l ow
1 Press U but t on t o init iat e.
2 Select Ai r Ut i l i t y.
AUM_Air opens in MS Excel
3 Move t he supplied Cont r ol Cent er t oolbar t o t he t op and
click it .
4 Check St at us.
5 Review t he Guide, page 524.
6 Select and ent er Preferences.
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 517
7 Check messages, review result s in Report .
8 Revise Configurat ion part s 1 and 2.
9 Check messages, review result s in Report .
10 Click t he Load but t on t o close AUM_Air and load t he design
result s int o your proj ect .
11 Review Area and component s.
12 Run t he proj ect , review result s.
Usi ng AUM_Ai r
Accessi ng AUM_Ai r
To access AUM_Ai r :
1 St art ing wit h an open proj ect t hat has been evaluat ed, click
Run, t hen click Ut i l i t y Model . Or, click t he U but t on t o
access ut ilit y models.
The Ut i l i t y Model dialog box appears:

2 Click Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant .
3 Click OK.
Three act ions now occur
1 The model first ident ifies if a prior Ai r
I nst r ument , Pl ant model area is present in t he proj ect .
I f present , you can choose t o Del et e t he prior area and
cont inue wit h t he model or ret urn t o t he proj ect . I f you
click Del et e, t he ut ilit y model will proceed wit h t he design
and delay delet ion unt il it is t ime t o load t he new result s.
518 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
2 I f no prior Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant ut ilit y area is
det ect ed, t he Wel come screen is displayed and remains
present during a t ime when:
a Proj ect requirement s are aut omat ically passed t o t he
model
b The model prepares an init ial design
c The model t hen displays t he Cont r ol Cent er
worksheet , which links t o all ot her worksheet s and
provides an indicat ion of success ( green signal) or
failure ( red signal) t o creat e an init ial design based on
default design paramet ers.

3 A Load | Cancel | Mi ni mi ze dialog box is provided.
4 To cont inue, click t he mi ni mi ze but t on at t he t op. This
parks t he but t on box for access during t he design phase.
Cancel ends t he Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant model session and
ret urns normal proj ect funct ions wit h no change t o t he
proj ect .

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 519
Not e: A Cont r ol Cent er but t on bar is provided t o
access t he Cont r ol Cent er worksheet from any worksheet .
Nine worksheet s are present ed in a MS Excel framework:
Welcome
Cont rol Cent er
Guide
St at us
Preferences
Config 1
Config 2
EquipSt at s
PipeSt at s
The I ni t i al Desi gn
On init iat ion, t he Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant model report s t he
st at us of t he design on t he Cont r ol Cent er worksheet under
St at us, and if t here are any, ident ifies clashes on t he St at us
worksheet and, furt her, on t he Pr ef er ences worksheet .
A St at us Report message: Successf ul . A Load can pr oceed
indicat es all is well bet ween proj ect requirement s, design
paramet ers, and design met hodology. At t his point , it is wise t o
review early design met rics by accessing t he Equi pSt at s and
Pi peSt at s worksheet s.
I f capt ured result s are accept able, a click of t he parked Load
but t on:
carries t he design result s int o t he proj ect
closes t he worksheet s
ret urns t o t he proj ect for evaluat ion of t he augment ed proj ect
Should t he design basis produce a clash wit h proj ect
requirement s, error messages and flags are displayed in a t op-
down succession of worksheet s. The first indicat ion is given
under St at us Report on t he Cont r ol Cent er worksheet . The
St at us worksheet is t he cent ral report ing agency, where checks
are made and links are provided t o source locat ions in t he
Equi pSt at s and Pi peSt at s worksheet s.
520 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es

To l oad t he Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a i nt o y our I car us
pr oj ect :
When you are sat isfied wit h t he model and t he St at us
worksheet shows t hat t here are no errors, you can load t he Ai r
I nst r ument , Pl ant model int o t he proj ect .
1 Click t he Max i mi ze but t on on t he parked Load | Cancel |
Mi ni mi ze dialog box.

2 Click Load.
The Aspen I carus Loader appears, showing t he progress of
loading t he XML dat a int o I carus.

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 521
When t he Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a has been loaded int o
Aspen I carus, t he following confirmat ion message appears:

3 Click OK.
The Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a is now included in your
proj ect .
Modi f y i ng Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant Dat a
When you have loaded Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a in your
proj ect , you modify t hat dat a using t he AUM_Air module.
To Modi f y Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant Dat a:
1 On t he main menu, click Run, t hen click Ut i l i t y Model . Or,
click t he U but t on t o access ut ilit y models.
The Ut i l i t y Model dialog box appears. Not e t hat t he St at us
column says Loaded.

2 Click Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant .
3 Click OK.
The following warning message appears:
522 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es

Not e: Clicking Yes does not act ually delet e t he Ai r
I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a in your proj ect . You can click Yes,
modify t he Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a, t hen choose not t o
replace t he previous Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a wit h t he
modified dat a by clicking Cancel on t he Load | Cancel |
Mi ni mi ze dialog box.
4 Click Yes.
5 Modify t he dat a t o your sat isfact ion.
I f you want t o replace t he loaded dat a wit h your modified dat a,
follow t he st eps below.
1 Click t he Max i mi ze but t on on t he parked Load | Cancel |
Mi ni mi ze dialog box.

2 Click Load.
The Aspen I carus Loader appears, showing t he progress of
loading t he XML dat a int o I carus.

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 523
When t he Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a has been loaded int o
Aspen I carus, t he following confirmat ion message appears:

3 Click OK.
The Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a is now included in your
proj ect .
I f you want t o keep loaded Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a and
not replace it wit h your modified dat a, follow t he st eps below.
1 Click t he Max i mi ze but t on on t he parked Load | Cancel |
Mi ni mi ze dialog box.

2 Click Cancel .
The following warning message appears:

3 Click Yes t o cancel t he loading process.
Your original loaded Ai r I nst r ument , Pl ant dat a is ret ained.
524 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Gui de f or t he Ai r Ut i l i t y Model
( AUM)


SPECS Or gani zat i on Char t

About t hi s SPECS Book

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 525



526 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
About an Ai r Pl ant Uni t

About Di st r i but i on Pi pi ng f or an APU
Met hods
I n t he concept ual design phase, lacking a plot plan, t his met hod
is used t o develop air dist ribut ion piping.
Some runs may be long, some short .
Component s in t he augment ed proj ect scope definit ion may
be modified, delet ed, new ones added.
The following is a brief descript ion of t he met hods used.
Areas assigned t o an APU are collect ed in t he sequence of t he
proj ect and are assembled in a column- row array
Array dimensions are det ermined from area dimensions
Row and column dimensions are figured from t ot al area,
number of areas and an init ial aspect rat io of 3: 2
Ai r Di st r i but i on
Piping is developed for I nst rument Air as well as Plant Air.
Piping for each service is developed in t he same way, except
for volumet ric flow and line size
Di st r i but i on Pi pi ng
The APU feeds air t o t he array t hrough a Main Feeder ( MF)
The Main Feeder lengt h is defined in Preferences
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 527
Two Main Manifolds ( MM) are used on ext ra- wide arrays, els
one or none for an array one column wide
Each MM feeds a Main Line ( ML)
Main lines feed Branch Lines ( BR)
A t ee of t he Branch line supplies air t o an Area Feeder ( AF)
Area Feeders connect t o Area Headers ( AH)
Area headers, for 2- D area t ypes such as Grade, Pad, et c
supply air t o t he I - P t ransducers, cont rol valves
o P&I D informat ion from t he original proj ect provide
t he requirement s for I - P and cont rol valve
component s
o Ut ilit y st at ion requirement s are developed for each
area based on ant icipat ed air t ool usage and area
size
A plant air connect ion is made off t he Area
Header Plant for each ut ilit y st at ion
Area headers, for 3- D area t ypes such as open st eel
st ruct ures, et c supply air t o Risers, t hen Lat erals which t hen
connect t o I - P t ransducers and cont rol valves.
o Ut ilit y st at ion requirement s are developed for each
3- D t ype area based on ant icipat ed air t ool usage
and area size
Schemat i c
The following schemat ic was prepared t o illust rat e a large proj ect
of 78 areas:

528 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es

Conf i gur at i on of Ai r Ut i l i t y
Pr oj ect Component s
Proj ect Component s
An Air Plant Unit - APU
Schemat ic of an APU
Mult iple APUs
Compressor Redundancy
Pr oj ect Component s
The I nst rument and Plant Air Ut ilit y Model creat es a set of
proj ect component s in accordance wit h t he needs of your:
Proj ect Scope definit ion
Design and select ion preferences for I nst rument and Plant Air
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 529
Ty pi cal component s
Air Compressors
I nt erst age and Aft er- coolers
Air Filt ers
Air Receivers
Air Dryers
Air dist ribut ion piping ( inst rument , plant air)
Ut ilit y St at ions ( air, wat er, st eam, condensat e drain services)
Associat ed inst allat ion bulks would be developed during
proj ect run
Component s ar e cont ai ned i n a uni quel y def i ned
Ar ea
Area Tit le cont ains a unique t ime and dat e t o different iat e one
run from anot her
Area can be modified or delet ed in t he usual way using Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or, Aspen Aspen Process Economic
Analyzer/ Analyzer
An Ai r Pl ant Uni t - APU
Air int ake screens
Air int ake duct work
Air compressors
o One main compressor at 100% capacit y or t wo at
50% capacit y each
o Opt ional st andby spare compressor
o Opt ional st art - up compressor
I nt erst age and aft er- st age coolers
o Opt ional TEMA wat er cooled or fin- fan air cooled
exchangers
Air receivers
o Opt ional individual receivers for inst rument and plant
air or combined receiver
o Opt ional main receiver or t wo at 50% capacit y each
o Opt ional st and- by receiver
Air filt ers pre- filt er and post - filt er, one or more of each
Air dryers - dual t ower t ype ( one working, one regenerat ing)
530 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
o One main at 100% capacit y or t wo at 50% capacit y
each
o Opt ional st andby spare air dryer
o Opt ional dryer for Plant Air
Ut ilit y piping for t urbine st eam/ condensat e, cooling
wat er/ ret urn
Dist ribut ion piping
o I nst rument and plant air
o Ut ilit y st at ions
o Cooling wat er, st eam/ condensat e headers
o I nt erconnect s bet ween t wo or more air plant unit s
Schemat i c of an Ai r Pl ant Uni t

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 531
Gener al Lay out

Mul t i pl e Ai r Pl ant Uni t s f or Mul t i pl e Ar eas
One or up t o four Air Plant Unit s t o serve area air requirement s.

Two dist ribut ion net works for each APU:
inst rument air
plant air
532 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Compr essor Redundancy : Mul t i pl e, St and-
by , St ar t - up

Desi gn Consi der at i ons
Unit s of Measure
Designed Component s
Volumet ric Air Flow Rat e
Equipment Select ion and Design
o Compressor Model Select ion
o I nt erst age and Aft er Coolers; choice of
Air Coolers ( for rack mount ing)
Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers
o Air Receivers
o Air Filt ers
o Air Dryers
Uni t s of Measur e
Values are report ed in t he Unit of Measure set of t he users
proj ect , in t he:
Ut ilit y Module int eract ive worksheet s and report s
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 533
Augment ed users proj ect file
Ai r Ut i l i t y Ar ea
Designat ed as AUM_Air_ddmmyy_t t t t ( dat e and t ime
st amped)
Cont ains Air Ut ilit y syst em proj ect component s
Ai r Ut i l i t y Pr oj ect Component s
Each it em is select ed and sized:
Area headers for cooling wat er/ ret urn, st eam/ condensat e,
inst rument and plant air
Air int ake screens
Air int ake duct work
Compressors
I nt erst age coolers
Ut ilit y piping for t urbine st eam/ condensat e, cooling
wat er/ ret urn
Plant and I nst rument Air Receivers
Air Pre- filt ers, Aft er- filt ers
Air Dryers
Dist ribut ion Pipe, Valves, Fit t ings
o Dist ribut ion circuit s: up t o four circuit s ( one t o four
air plant unit s)
o Dist ribut ion piping, for 2D, 3D area t ypes
o Ut ilit y st at ions ( t ot al number of st at ions)
534 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
I nst r ument Ai r ( I A) Requi r ement s: Ai r Fl ow
Rat e

Pl ant Ai r ( PA) Requi r ement s: Ai r Fl ow Rat e

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 535
Compr essor Model Sel ect i on Met hod
Si zes compr essor based on
Tot al proj ect air flow
Number of desired air plant unit s
Proj ect areas assigned t o each air plant unit
Air plant unit redundancy ( working spares, st and- by spares)
Specs for st art - up compressor
Model t y pe i s based on compr essor ai r f l ow r at e
Low flow rat es reciprocat ing
High flow rat es cent rifugal
Flow rat es less t han model minimum - reciprocat ing
Reci pr ocat i ng Compr essor f or Low Capaci t y
Range

536 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Gasol i ne Mot or - Dr i v en Reci pr ocat i ng Compr essor
f or Low Capaci t y Range, St and- by Spar e

Cent r i f ugal Compr essor f or Hi gh Capaci t y Range

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 537
I nt er - and Af t er - compr essi on st age Cool er s

Ai r Fi l t er s

538 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Ai r Recei v er s

Ai r Dr y er s

I nt er act i ve Specs
Design Basis
o Equipment Redundancy
o Equipment Configurat ions
o Select ion Specs
o Design Preferences
o Air Dist ribut ion
Areas and Air Plant Unit s
Layout
Air Dist ribut ion Configurat ion
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 539
o Assignment of APUs t o Areas
User Pr ef er ences
User ent ers specs int eract ively in MS Excel SPECS workbook
Pr ef er ences w or k sheet design and equipment
configurat ion basis
o Organized by cat egory
o Color coded
o Eit her/ or select ions are provided wit h a base
( default ) value
o Numeric select ions are provided wit h a base ( default )
value
o Help messages assist select ions
o Error messages are issued for out - of- limit or design
clash condit ions
CONFI G w or k sheet s: basis for dist ribut ion air piping t o
areas
o Part 1: Assignment of plant air t o areas devoid of
equipment
o Part 2: Assignment of an APU t o an area
Equi pment Redundancy
Main it em at 100% capacit y
Main it em split int o t wo, each at 50% capacit y
St and- by spare
o Opt ional
o Same size as main it em or main it em at 50%
capacit y
o Power opt ion for st and- by compressors
Elect ric mot or drive
Large compressors: st eam t urbine drive
Small compressors: gasoline engine drive
St art - up compressors only
o Opt ional
o Size based on user % of t ot al capacit y of main it em
540 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Equi pment Conf i gur at i ons
Equipment configurat ion choices:
Combi ned ai r t r ai n

I ndi v i dual I nst r ument ai r t r ai n

Wet or dr y pl ant ai r t r ai n

Basi s f or Desi gn: Pr ef er ences - 1
Wit h t he except ion of it em 1 ( Conversion of Quot ed cost it ems
. ) where no default value is provided, every ot her user
preference is supplied wit h a default value and minimum and
maximum limit values where appropriat e. I t em 1 requires user
ent ry for an exchange rat e which is used in an air ut ilit y int ernal
cost model t o evaluat e cost s of air int ake screen/ filt ers.
1 Conversion of "Quot ed cost " it ems t o Proj ect Currency Unit s
( PCU)
o Exchange rat e, Proj ect Currency Unit s per USD:
Not e: This ent ry is required.
2 Ambient Air Condit ions ( one set for all APUs)
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 541
o Dry bulb t emperat ure
o Wet bulb t emperat ure
o At mospheric pressure
3 Air Requirement s - Capacit y for I nst rument and Plant air ( one
set for all APUs)
o Excess capacit y, %
I nst rument air
Plant air
o Air syst em leakage, %
o I nst all ut ilit y st at ions?
o Number of ut ilit y st at ions, % adj ust ment
4 Air int ake screens/ filt ers ( uses an AUM_Air cost model)
o Air t o media rat io
o Adj ust ment s t o model est imat e
Cost
Hour t o inst all
Weight
5 Compressors ( one set of specs for all APUs) Main compressor:
o Main compressor
One at 100% capacit y or t wo each at 50%
capacit y
Limit ing flow rat e for a single main
compressor, % of model maximum flow
o St and- by spare compressor
I nst all?
Driver t ype ( elect rical or ot her: t urbine, gas
mot or)
o St art - up compressor
I nst all?
Minimum flow rat e t o qualify for inst allat ion
Running t ime
o I nt erst age Coolers
Type:
Wat er cooled ( small: Pre- engineered
t ype or large: TEMA BEU)
Air cooled ( AI R COOLER)
Cooling wat er inlet and rise t emperat ure
542 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Air t emperat ure rise for fin- fan air coolers
Not es:
I f low capacit y t ype is select ed, may generat e mult iple low
capacit y compressors
High capacit y compressors may require proj ect mid- and/ or high
volt age power dist ribut ion levels.
o Ut ilit y services for compressors
St eam lines: run dist ance from boiler house t o
t urbines
Cooling wat er lines: run dist ance from cooling
wat er plant
6 Air Receivers
o Common or separat e receivers for inst rument air and
plant air?
o One main receiver at 100% capacit y or t wo, each at
50% capacit y
o I nst all a st and- by spare?
o Horizont al or vert ical vessels?
o Maximum diamet er
o Maximum t angent - t o- t angent lengt h
o I nst rument air supply t ime during emergency shut -
down
o Plant air supply t ime during emergency shut - down
7 Air Dryers ( Dual Bedone working, one regenerat ing)
o Common air dryer for inst rument and plant air?
o I s plant air t o be dried?
o One main dryer at 100% capacit y or t wo, each at
50% capacit y
o Air purge rat e
8 Air Filt ers
o I nst rument air
Number of pre- filt ers
Number of post - filt ers
o Plant air
Number of pre- filt ers
Number of post - filt ers
9 Dist ribut ion piping
o Minimum line size for air piping
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 543
o Dist ance from APU t o process area
o Typical t ie- in run lengt h from one APU t o anot her
Conf i gur at i on Lay out Met hod and
Di st r i but i on
Basi s f or Ai r Ut i l i t y Model Pi pi ng
o Layout and primary dist ribut ion piping is based on
t he specs for all areas assigned t o an APU
o Area feeder and header, risers, lat erals are based on
area specs
Ar ea l ay out i n l i eu of a pr oj ect pl ot pl an
o Proj ect areas are arranged in proj ect sequence
o Each area is given an I D code based on it s report
group and area number
Example:
Report group 2 Solvent Recovery
Area 4 descript ion: Dist illat ion
I s given an I D code of 100 x 2 + 4 = 204
I D code 204 is charact erized by it s report
group name and area descript ion
o Areas are placed in a rect angular array according t o
t he t ot al number of areas wit h an init ial aspect rat io
of 2: 3 ( fewer columns t han rows)
o Column- row arrangement is modified t o obt ain a
row- column balance
o A branch line is run across each row wit h area feeder
t ake- offs t o each area in a row
o Area headers ( and risers and lat erals for 3D area
t ypes) connect t o individual proj ect component s in
t hat area
o Branches are fed using a Main Line
o Main Lines are fed by Main Manifolds for wide arrays
o Main Manifolds are fed by a Main Feeder from t he Air
Plant Unit
544 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
APU Conf i gur at i on:
o Choose default ( one APU for all) or assign each
Report Group t o one of four APUs
Ex ampl e l ay out gr oup of ar eas ser ved by
APU A

Ci r cui t Pr ef er ences: Conf i gur at i on of APUs
Worksheet provides a list of Proj ect Areas and air
consumpt ion
Configurat ion in t wo part s:
o Part 1: enables areas wit h no I nst rument air
requirement s t o be provided wit h plant air, else no
air is provided
o Part 2: enables each area t o be assigned t o an APU
I nit ial configurat ion: all areas are assigned t o APU A
o Design result s are present ed for t he init ial
configurat ion
Revised configurat ion: use of up t o four ( 4) APUs
o Design result s are present ed for t he revised
configurat ion
9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 545
Sampl e Lay out s: One APU

Sampl e Lay out s: Mul t i pl e APUs

Desi gn Met hods
Sizing Dist ribut ion Piping
Schemat ic of Dist ribut ion Piping
546 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Basi s f or Si zi ng Ai r Di st r i but i on Pi pi ng
Configurat ion ( I A = inst rument air; PA = plant air)
o Assignment of an APU t o Proj ect Areas
o I nit ial configurat ion: all are areas assigned t o one
APU
o APU Air flow for I A and PA is det ermined from sum of
area usage requirement s
Sizing
o Air Module uses a built - in layout model t o est imat e
air dist ribut ion piping line lengt hs
o Each line t ype is assigned an I so wit h valve and
fit t ing count s, expansion loops for long runs
o Areas provides air flow requirement s for each line
o Lines are sized based on air consumpt ion and a
pressure drop of 1 PSI per 100 ft [ 22. 6 KPAG/ 100 M]
or less wit h a minimum line size as defined in
Preferences
o Design pressure: 150 psig [ 1350 KPAG]
Ai r Di st r i but i on Pi pi ng t o Pr oj ect Ar eas

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 547
Di st r i but i on f or a 3D- Ty pe Ar ea

Sampl e AUM_Ai r Wor k sheet s
Displayed below are sample AUM_Air worksheet s. Not e t he
following det ails about AUM_air and t hese sample worksheet s:
sheet s are non- funct ional
all worksheet s visible t o t he user have t he version number
print ed at t he bot t om of t he sheet
t he proj ect illust rat ed is Aspen Process Economic Analyzer
ETOH Sampl e Pr oj ect
except for currency and exchange rat e, sheet s are in t he
user' s unit s of measure defined in t he user' s proj ect specs
o currency is referred t o as PCU - proj ect currency unit
o you must ent er an exchange rat e when opening a
proj ect for t he first t ime. The exchange rat e value
will be "remembered" on opening t he proj ect
t hereaft er
o Cont r ol Cent er , St at us and Pr ef er ences sheet will
always show an error because you must ent er an
exchange rat e for t he currency of t he proj ect
( hyperlinks lead t he you from Cont rolCent er t o
St at us t o Preferences t o t he it em t o be revised)
o on ent ering a proper value, t he error message is not
displayed
548 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Li st of AUM_Ai r Wor k sheet s

Welcome
Cont rolCent er
Guide
St at us
Preferences
Config_1
Config_2
EquipSt at s
PipeSt at s
Wel come Wor k sheet

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 549
Cont r ol Cent er Wor k sheet

Gui de Wor k sheet


550 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es


9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 551

552 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es


9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 553


554 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
St at us Wor k sheet

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 555


556 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Pr ef er ences Wor k sheet

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 557


558 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es
Conf i gur at i on Par t 1: Assi gnment of Pl ant
Ai r t o Ar eas Not Requi r i ng I nst r ument Ai r

Conf i gur at i on Par t 2: Assi gnment of Ar eas
t o an APU

9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 559

Not e: For clarit y in t his document at ion, t he following screen
shot is shown below t he one above it . On t he act ual Conf i g 2
Worksheet , t hey are side by side.

Repor t Equi pment Component St at s

560 9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es



9 Aspen Ut i l i t y Modul es 561
Repor t Pi pe St at s









562 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Runni ng a Pr oj ect Eval uat i on
Aft er all t he process simulat or dat a has been properly mapped
and defined, you are ready t o run a proj ect evaluat ion. The
proj ect evaluat ion produces capit al cost s report s t hat can t hen
be viewed in Aspen I carus Report er and I carus Edit or. I f any of
t he component s are modified, t he evaluat ion process must be
re- run.
To r un a pr oj ect ev al uat i on:
1 Click on t he t oolbar.
or
On t he Run menu, click Ev al uat e Pr oj ect .

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 563
2 The dialog box shows t he default Capi t al Cost s report file
name, Cap_Rep.ccp. This is t he report reviewed in I carus
Edit or. I f you want t o give t his file a different name, t ype t he
file name in t he Repor t Fi l e field.
3 Click OK.
I f you are using t he default Preferences, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or scans t he proj ect specificat ions for errors and/ or
inconsist encies and any found are list ed in t he Scan Messages
window.
Not e: You can select in Pr ef er ences t o skip t he scan for errors
( see page 51) .
There are four t ypes of messages:
Scan Message Descr i pt i on/ I mpor t ance Lev el
I NFOrmat ional For your informat ion
WARNing Design can be produced, but you are alert ed t o problems
ERROR A design or cost cannot be produced for an it em
FATAL Rare inst ance for ext reme problems
You have t he opt ion t o cont inue or st op t he evaluat ion process
( except in t he case of FATAL errors, which st op t he evaluat ion
process) . You should carefully review t hese and fix any problems
before proceeding.
When t he proj ect evaluat ion is done, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or list s all errors found in t he capit al cost evaluat ion for
your reference.






564 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

I f you are using t he default preferences, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or aut omat ically displays report s in I carus Edit or when
t he evaluat ion is complet e.
Not e: You can select in Pr ef er ences not t o have I carus Edit or
aut omat ically appear aft er t he evaluat ion ( see page 51) .
Revi ew i ng Resul t s i n I car us
Edi t or
I carus Edit or is a fully OLE- compliant , Mult iple Document
I nt erface ( MDI ) t ext edit or program.
Accessi ng
I f you are using t he default preferences, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or aut omat ically displays evaluat ion report s in I carus
Edit or immediat ely aft er you run a proj ect evaluat ion. I f you
have select ed not t o aut omat ically display result s, you will need
t o complet e t he st eps below t o display evaluat ion report s in
I carus Edit or. Even if you are using t he default preferences, you
may want t o use t he following procedure if t he proj ect was
evaluat ed previously and has not changed since.
To di spl ay eval uat i on r epor t s i n I car us Edi t or :
1 Click on t he t oolbar.
or
Click Capital Costs View on the View menu.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 565
The Sel ect Repor t Ty pe To Vi ew dialog box appears.

2 Select t he Eval uat i on Repor t s check box; t hen click OK.
I carus Edit or opens displaying t he evaluat ion report s.

The right - hand pane cont ains t he report s. The left - hand pane
cont ains a t ree- st ruct ure Cont ent s view t hat let s you j ump t o
different sect ions.
Not e: Click on t he t oolbar t o t urn t he Cont ent s view on and
off ( or click Cont ent s on t he Vi ew menu) .
Pr i nt i ng a Si ngl e Sect i on
The Cont ent s view also let s you print a single sect ion, rat her
t han t he ent ire report .
To pr i nt a si ngl e sect i on:
1 Right - click a sect ion.






566 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
2 Click Pr i nt Bar char t s.

I car us Edi t or Tool bar
Cl i ck t hi s t o
New
open a new document in t he Document View
Open
open an exist ing document
Save
save current document t o disk
Fi l e Pr oper t i es
view select ed propert ies of current
document
Pr i nt
print t he current document
Pr i nt Pr evi ew
print preview t he current document
Page Set up
specify how t he current document will be
print ed
Cut
cut select ed t ext t o windows clipboard
Copy
copy select ed t ext t o windows clipboard
Past e
past e cont ent s of windows clipboard int o
insert ion locat ion
Bold
bold select ed t ext
I t alic
it alicize select ed t ext
Underline
underline select ed t ext
Select Font
specify font for select ed t ext
Find ( CTRL+ F)
find any t ext st ring wit hin t he current
document
Preferences
set and save your preferences
Toggle Cont ent s
t urn OFF/ ON t he Cont ent s View
Cascade
display mult iple document s cascaded
Tile Horizont al
display mult iple document s t iled horizont ally
Tile Vert ical
display mult iple document s t iled vert ically
Help Cont ent s
display on- line help
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 567

Repor t Sect i ons
Ti t l e Page
The Tit le Page includes t he following:
Est imat e Base: financial quart er from which cost basis is
derived and dat e of I carus Evaluat ion Engine ( I EE) .
I EE version number.
Run Dat e: Dat e and t ime t hat proj ect evaluat ion was run.
Currency symbol used in t he report .
Telephone numbers t o call for t echnical support .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat orVersion: 12. 1
Est imat e Base: 1st Quart er 2002 ( I EE: 31. 0)
May 25, 2002
Run Dat e: 26JUN02- 16: 57: 49
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat oris a Product of: * * * * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * *
Aspen Technology/ I carus Office * Throughout t his report
*
600 Jefferson Plaza * t he Symbol "USD" *
5t h Floor * represent s U. S. DOLLARS *
Rockville, MD 20852- 1150 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
* * *
U. S. A.
Telephone: 301- 795- 6800
Fax: 301- 795- 6801


I n t he Unit ed Kingdom: I n Japan:
AspenTech Limit ed AspenTech Japan Co. ,
Lt d.
Birkdale House, The Links At las Building
Birchwood 5 I chibancho






568 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Warringt on WA3 7RB Chiyoda- Ku, Tokyo 102
Unit ed Kingdom Japan
Telephone: + 44- 192- 584- 4400 Telephone: + 81- 3-
3262- 1710
Fax: + 44- 192- 584- 4444 Fax: + 81- 3- 3264-
5425
Web: ht t p: / / www. aspent ech. com
Support : support @aspent ech. com

Cont r act St r uct ur e
The Cont ract St ruct ure sect ion provides names of cont ract ors
and report ing arrangement .
Cont ent s
The Table of Cont ent s list s sect ion names and t he page number
on which each st art s. The number of sect ions may vary
depending on t he number of report groups. I f t he proj ect
cont ains only one, t hen t here will be only a single summary. I f
more t han one, t here will be a separat e summary for each, plus
a summary for t he t ot al proj ect .
Pr oj ect Summar y
The Proj ect Summary provides an overview of proj ect cost s.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 569

Pr oj ect Dat a Sheet
The Proj ect Dat a Sheet list s it ems wit h separat e columns
showing user- ent ered values and syst em default values.







570 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Pr oj ect Schedul e
Tot al Manpow er Schedul e
The Tot al Manpower Schedule shows const ruct ion manpower
loading based on t he CPM Const ruct ion Schedule.

Ways t o influence t his schedule include:
Adj ust ing product ivit ies, shift s per day, lengt h of t he
workweek using t he General Rat es specificat ions form and t he
Craft Rat es specificat ions form. These forms are accessed in
Proj ect Basis view under Proj ect Basis\ Basis for Capit al
Cost s\ Const ruct ion Workforce.
I ndexing man- hours eit her at t he Proj ect level ( Proj ect
Basis\ Basis for Capit al Cost s\ I ndexing) or at t he Area level.
The number of MEN PER DAY for each vert ical bar is generat ed by
summing t he labor assigned t o all t he work it ems t hat fall wit hin
t he period represent ed by t hat bar in t he barchart .
Cashf l ow Summar y
The Cash Flow Summary shows t ot al capit al cost spent .
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 571

This barchart schedule assumes t hat t he DESIGN ENGG AND
PROCUREMENT monies are already spent at t he st art of const ruct ion -
t he curve is not t ruly t ied t o t he CPM schedule. During
const ruct ion, capit al is t hen spent for mat erial, direct field labor,
equipment rent al and subcont ract work, Home and Field Office,
St art - up, and so on, as t he cost is incurred. By t he end of
const ruct ion, t he TOTAL,AMOUNT given in t he Proj ect Summary is
indicat ed here.
Operat ing cost s, such as st art - up ut ilit ies, raw mat erials, init ial
cat alyst charges, and so on, are not included.
Pr oj ect Schedul e Dat a Sheet
The Proj ect Schedule Dat a Sheet list s t he fabricat ion and ship
t imes for equipment it ems by class and provides barchart s of t he
following:
General Schedule: Balanced display of Basic and Det ail
Engineering, Procurement and Const ruct ion ( EPC) .






572 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Engineering Schedule: Det ails for Basic and Det ail
Engineering and Procurement ; summary for Const ruct ion.
Const ruct ion Schedule: Det ails for Const ruct ion- ot hers
summarized.
Cont ract s Schedule: Schedule for cont ract or( s) . When a
single cont ract or is performing all work, t his schedule shows
no new informat ion.

Cont r act Summar y
The Cont ract Summary breaks cost s down by cont ract or.

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 573
Summar i es By Repor t Gr oup
Summaries By Report Group provides t he direct mat erial and
labor cost s and manhours by report group for all areas report ing
t o t hat group.

Ar ea Li st s of Equi pment and Bul k Mat er i al
For each Area, t he Equipment and Bulk Mat erial List is divided
int o t hree sect ions. First t here is t he Component List , followed by
t he Area Bulk Report , and finally t he Area Dat a Sheet . Following
t he last Area of each Report Group, t here are t wo more report s -
t he Report Group Summary and t he Report Group Equipment
Summary.
Appendi x A- Det ai l ed Bul k Mat er i al and Fi el d
Manpow er Li st i ng
Appendix A list s t he design and cost det ails for every
component , whet her syst em- generat ed or user- added. The
result s are report ed in t he sequence t hat t he it ems appear in t he
Area t ree diagram.
Appendi x B- Bul k Mat er i al and Fi el d Manpow er
Summar y - by Repor t Gr oup
Appendix B consist s of one summary of t he mat erial and
manpower man- hours and cost for all direct cost s in t he proj ect .
There is one report per Report Group; if t here is only one Report
Group, t hen t his report is eliminat ed. I t is replaced by t he
proj ect bill of mat erial ( see Appendix C descript ion below) .






574 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Appendi x C Bul k Mat er i al and Fi el d Manpow er
Summar y - Tot al Pr oj ect
Appendix C is a proj ect bill of mat erial ( BOM) providing a
mat erial and manpower summary for each plant bulk cat egory.
Due t o t he fact t hat t he numbers are large, t his is t he best
source of mat erial cost s and man- hours for calibrat ion.
Appendi x D Di r ect Mat er i al and Manpow er
Summar y by Maj or Account - Tot al Pr oj ect
Appendix D is a proj ect bill of mat erial ( BOM) providing direct
mat erial and manpower summary by maj or account for t he t ot al
proj ect .
Appendi x E Uni t s of Measur e Dat a Sheet
Appendix E list s t he I carus default unit s of measure as well as
any user modificat ions.
Revi ew i ng Resul t s i n Aspen
I car us Repor t er
Accessi ng Aspen I car us Repor t er
To access Aspen I car us Repor t er :
1 Click on t he t oolbar.
or
Click Capi t al Cost s Vi ew on t he Vi ew menu.
The Sel ect Repor t Ty pe To Vi ew dialog box appears.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 575

2 Keep I nt er act i ve Repor t s select ed; t hen click OK.
Report er import s and loads t he report s from Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or.

Aft er t he report s are loaded, t he Aspen I carus Report er window
appears.






576 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

Aspen Icarus Reporter Menu Bar
File Menu

Cl i ck t hi s t o
Import Data Import project reports. See page 602 for instructions.
Run Report Run selected report. See pages 578 (Standard reports), 595 (Excel
reports), and 589 (HTML reports) for instructions.
Open
Workbook
Open the last Excel workbook created. See page 599 for instructions.
Create User
Database
Export SQL database. See page 603 for instructions.
Exit Close Aspen I carus Report er.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 577

Trend Menu

Cl i ck t hi s t o
Add Trend
Dat a t o
Dat abase
Add t he t rend dat a from t he proj ect report s current ly loaded in Aspen
I carus Report er t o t he t rending dat abase. See page 600 for
inst ruct ions.
Creat e New
Trend in Excel
Export t rending dat abase t o Excel. See page 600 for inst ruct ions.
View Exist ing
Trend Dat a
Open t he t rending dat a workbook in Excel. See Dat a Trending,
pages 599 t hrough 602, for inst ruct ions.
Clear All
Saved Trends
Clear t he t rending dat abase. See page 599 for inst ruct ions.

Whi ch Repor t Mode?
Four report modes are available: St andard report s, HTML
report s, Management report s, and Excel report s. All but
Management report s present Capit al Cost s and Design and Basis
report s. Management report s cont ains snapshot s of proj ect dat a
frequent ly request ed by proj ect management .
St andard, HTML, and Excel report s do not j ust present t he same
dat a in different applicat ions. Because of t he differing capabilit ies
of t he applicat ions, dat a is present ed different ly in each. The
choice of mode may depend upon what you wish t o do wit h t he
dat a at a part icular t ime.
St andar d Repor t s
Wit h St andard report s select ed in t he Report Mode sect ion, t he
Report s sect ion displays a t ree- st ruct ure grouping of st andard
report s.
Repor t Descr i pt i ons
Open t he necessary cat egory and sub- cat egory folders and click
on a report t o display a brief descript ion of t hat report in t he
Descript ion sect ion.






578 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

Not e: See page 577 for descript ions of all St andard report s.
Openi ng a Repor t
Not all of t he report s cont ain each of t he feat ures described in
t his users guide. For example, t he Cont ent s view only appears
on report s wit h mult iple sect ions. I n order t o see all t he feat ures
described, select t he Cont ract or COA Summary report locat ed
in t he following folder:
Capit al Cost Report s\ Direct Cost s\ COA Summaries
To open t he sel ect ed r epor t :
Do one of t he following
Click t he Run Repor t but t on.
- or -
On t he Fi l e menu, click Run Repor t .
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 579
- or -
Double- click on t he report .
The report window appears.

Nav i gat i ng
I f t here are mult iple sect ions, a t ree- st ruct ure Cont ent s view
appears on t he left side of t he window, allowing you t o j ump t o a
sect ion simply by clicking t he sect ion in t he Cont ent s.
The arrow but t ons on t he t oolbar allow you t o page t hrough t he
report :
Next Page Previous Page
Last Page First Page
Since t he last page of a report usually cont ains t he t ot als,
clicking t he Last Page but t on is a convenient way t o access
t hem.
Magni f i cat i on
To change t he magni f i cat i on l evel :
Click in t he Magni f i cat i on box, t hen click t he desired level
from t he menu.






580 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

You can also click direct ly in t he Magni f i cat i on box ( wit hout
clicking ) and t hen zoom in and out using t he up and down
arrow keys on your keyboard.
When viewing t he report at large magnificat ion, you may wish t o
hide t he Cont ent s view by clicking t he Toggl e Gr oup Tr ee
but t on . This makes more room for t he report .
Segr egat i ng a Cost Sect i on
I f t he cursor changes int o a magnifying glass icon when placed
over a cost sect ions t it le or t ot als, you can double- click t o open
a separat e t ab window cont aining only t hat cost sect ion.
For example, under Ci vi l in t he Cont ract or COA Summaries
report , t he cursor changes int o a magnifying glass when placed
over t he Concret e cost sect ions t it le or t ot als.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 581

Double- clicking on t his cost sect ions t it les or t ot als opens a
separat e t ab window.

Not e: Here, t he Concr et e cost sect ion is displayed in a separat e
t ab window, where it can be viewed and print ed apart from t he
rest of t he report .
Sear chi ng
To sear ch t he r epor t :
1 Click on t he t oolbar.






582 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
2 Ent er t he t ext st ring for which you want t o search and click
Fi nd Nex t .
The next inst ance of t he t ext st ring is framed in red.
Pr i nt i ng
To pr i nt t he r epor t :
1 Click on t he t oolbar.
2 The Pr i nt dialog box appears.

3 Make any desired changes t o t he default set t ings and click
OK.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 583
Li st of St andar d Repor t s







584 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 585







586 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 587







588 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

HTML Repor t s
Wit h HTML report s select ed in t he Report Mode sect ion, t he
Report s sect ion displays a t ree- st ruct ure grouping of HTML
report s.
Repor t Descr i pt i ons
Open t he necessary cat egory and sub- cat egory folders and click
on a report t o display a brief descript ion of t hat report in t he
Descript ion sect ion.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 589

Openi ng an HTML Repor t
To open t he sel ect ed r epor t :
1 Do one of t he following:
Click t he Run Repor t but t on.
- or -
On t he Fi l e menu, click Run Repor t .
- or -
Double- click on t he report .
A st at us window t ells you when t he export is complet e and asks
if you would like t o view t he report now.

2 Click Yes.
Your browser displays t he report .






590 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

Not e: Generat ing t he report as . ht m file allows t he report t o be
sent in an e- mail.
Management Repor t s
When Management Report s is select ed as t he Report Mode, t he
Report s sect ion displays a t ree- st ruct ure grouping of
Management report s. These report s are int ended t o serve as
snapshot s of t he proj ect scenario.
Openi ng a Management Repor t
To open a Management r epor t :
Select t he report and do one of t he following:
Click t he Run Repor t but t on.
- or -
On t he Fi l e menu, click Run Repor t .
- or -
Double- click on t he report .
The Management Report s Viewer displays t he report . Pict ured
below is t he Det ailed Weight I nformat ion report , one of t he
Piping report s in t he Discipline folder.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 591

Ot her report s, like t he Equi pment Cost ( Tot al Cost ) report
shown below, show simply a bot t om- line t ot al.

Ex por t i ng Management Repor t s t o Ex cel
You can export Management report s t o Excel. This is part icularly
useful for when you want t o be able t o e- mail t he report .
To ex por t a Management r epor t t o Ex cel :
1 Click Ex por t t o Ex cel on t he Viewers Fi l e menu.
2 Report er searches for t he last Excel workbook t o which you
export ed a report .
I f no exist ing workbook is found, Report er asks you t o specify
a worksheet name ( see st ep 3) and creat es a workbook
eit her Default WB. xls in t he Report er out put folder ( if t his is
your first export t o Excel since last re- boot ing) or a workbook
wit h t he file and pat h name of t he last workbook t o which you
export ed since st art ing your comput er.






592 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
I f an exist ing workbook is found, t he Ex por t t o Ex cel
Wor k book dialog box appears, asking if you want t o
overwrit e t he exist ing workbook, append t he report t o t he
exist ing workbook, or creat e a new workbook.

Cl i ck To do t hi s
Overwrit e exist ing
workbook
Reset t he exist ing workbook wit h t he select ed repor t as
t he only worksheet ; any previously creat ed worksheet s
will be cleared.
Append t o exist ing
workbook
Add t he report as anot her worksheet in t he exist ing
workbook; previously creat ed worksheet s will be ret ained.
Creat e new workbook Specify a new workbook in which t he select ed repor t will
appear as a worksheet .
Clicking Cr eat e new w or k book expands t he dialog box t o let
you select a folder and ent er a file name.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 593

Not e: Do not ent er a file ext ension or period when ent ering a
new workbook name.
3 Make your select ion and click OK.
4 Ent er a name for t he worksheet .

5 Click OK.
The Ex por t St at us dialog box informs you when t he export is
done and asks if you would like t o open t he workbook now.







594 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
4 Click Yes t o open t he workbook.
Excel displays t he report .

Ex cel Repor t s
When you select Excel report s as t he Report Mode, t he Report s
sect ion displays a t ree- st ruct ure grouping of Excel report s.
Repor t Descr i pt i ons
You can have Aspen I carus Report er display a descript ion of t he
select ed Excel report .
To di spl ay a br i ef descr i pt i on of a r epor t :
1 Open t he necessary cat egory and sub- cat egory folders.
2 Click a report t o display a brief descript ion of t hat report in
t he Descr i pt i on sect ion.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 595

Openi ng an Ex cel Repor t
To open a r epor t :
1 Mark t he checkbox next t o t he desired report .

You can mark mult iple report checkboxes t o open mult iple
report s.
Marking a folders checkbox will open all of t he report s in t he
folder.
2 Click t he Run Repor t but t on or click Run Repor t on t he Fi l e
menu.
Report er searches for t he last Excel workbook t o which you
export ed a report .






596 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
I f no exist ing workbook is found and t his is your first export
t o Excel during t his session, Report er creat es Def aul t WB.x l s
in t he Repor t er out put folder:
. . . Economic Evaluat ion V7. 1\ ic_cache\ Report er\ Out put
I f no exist ing workbook is found, but you have export ed from
Report er t o Excel since you last st art ed you comput er ( t o a
file t hat s since been moved or delet ed) , Report er creat es a
workbook wit h t he file and pat h name of t he last workbook t o
which you export ed.
I f an exist ing workbook is found, t he Ex por t t o Ex cel
Wor k book dialog box appears, asking if you want t o
overwrit e t he exist ing workbook, append t he report t o t he
exist ing Default WB. xls workbook, or creat e a new workbook.

Cl i ck t o do t hi s
Overwrit e exist ing
workbook
Reset t he exist ing workbook wit h t he select ed repor t as
t he only worksheet ; any previously creat ed worksheet s
will be cleared.
Append t o exist ing
workbook
Add t he report as anot her worksheet in t he exist ing
workbook; previously creat ed worksheet s will be ret ained.
Creat e new workbook Specify a new workbook in which t he select ed repor t will
appear as a worksheet .
Clicking Cr eat e new w or k book expands t he dialog box t o let
you ent er a workbook pat h and name.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 597

Not e: Do not ent er a file ext ension or period when ent ering a
new workbook name.
3 Aft er you make your select ion, click OK. Excel opens a
workbook displaying t he report .







598 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Not e: Export ing t he report t o an .x l s file allows it t o be sent in
an e- mail
Aut oFi l t er
Several of t he larger Excel report s generat ed by Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or t ake advant age of t he Aut oFilt er feat ure in Excel.
I n order t o view a report t hat includes Aut oFilt er, open t he
following report :
Capit al Cost Report s\ Direct Cost s\ I t em Summaries\ Combined
When Aut oFi l t er is available, clicking next t o a column
displays a list of all ent ries made in t he column. Select ing an
ent ry displays only rows t hat cont ain t hat ent ry in t he column.

For example, clicking 105 Mi sc. I t em Al l ow ance in t he COA
Descr i pt i on column of t he I t em Summar y Combi ned report
would display only account s wit h Code of Account ( COA) 105.
Clicking Top Ten displays only it ems t hat cont ain one of t he
t op t en most frequent ent ries.
Sel ect i ng Bl ank s ( from t he bot t om of t he list ) displays only
rows t hat cont ain a blank cell in t he column, while clicking
NonBl ank s displays only rows t hat cont ain a value in t he
column.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 599
Openi ng Wor k book w i t hout Runni ng a Repor t
To view t he last workbook creat ed wit hout running a new report ,
click Open Wor k book on t he Fi l e menu.
Dat a Tr endi ng
Dat a Trending facilit at es comparison of scenarios by allowing
you t o review capit al cost summaries of different scenarios in a
single Excel workbook. I f, for example, you creat ed t hree
different scenarios for a proj ect , you could use t he Dat a Trending
feat ure t o display t he direct cost s of each on one spreadsheet ,
wit h a separat e row for each scenario.
Cl ear i ng Tr endi ng Dat abase
Since you only wish t o compare cert ain scenarios, t he first st ep
is usually t o clear t he dat abase used t o populat e t he Excel
t rending workbook.
To cl ear t he t r endi ng dat abase:
1 On t he Tr end menu, click Cl ear Al l Sav ed Tr ends.

A confirmat ion dialog box appears.

2 Click Yes t o confirm clearing of t he dat a.
The Tr endi ng Dat a Updat e dialog box t ells when t his is done.

3 Click OK.






600 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Addi ng Tr end Dat a t o Dat abase
The next st ep is t o add t rend dat a t o t he dat abase.
To add t he cur r ent pr oj ect r epor t s t r end dat a t o t he
dat abase:
1 On t he Tr end menu, click Add Tr end Dat a t o Dat abase.

The Tr endi ng Dat a Updat e dialog box t ells you when Report er
has finished adding t he t rend dat a.

2 Click OK.
You will need t o add t he t rend dat a from t he proj ect report s of
t he ot her scenarios you are comparing. For each of t he ot her
scenarios, open t he report s in Report er and complet e t he Adding
Trend Dat a t o Dat abase inst ruct ions above.
Using Report ers import funct ion, you can open t he ot her
scenarios report s in Report er wit hout opening t he scenarios in
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or. See page 602 for inst ruct ions.
Cr eat i ng a New Tr end i n Ex cel
Aft er you have added t he t rend dat a from t he Capit al Cost
report s of t he scenarios you are comparing, you are ready t o
creat e a new t rend in Excel.
To cr eat e a new t r end i n Ex cel :
1 On t he Tr end menu, click Cr eat e New Tr end i n Ex cel .

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 601
The Ex por t t o Ex cel Tr endi ng Wor k book dialog box gives you
t he choice of eit her appending t he t rend dat a t o t he exist ing file
or creat ing a new file.

2 Make you select ion and click OK.
The Ex por t Tr end Dat a i nt o Ex cel dialog box appears. By
default , all six capit al cost cat egories are marked.

3 Clear any cat egories you wish t o exclude from t he workbook
and click OK.
The Export St at us window t ells you when t he export is complet e
and asks if you would like t o open t he t rending workbook now.

4 Click Yes.
Excel displays t he t rending workbook cont aining a spreadsheet
for each of t he capit al cost cat egories. Each set of t rend dat a






602 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
ent ered int o t he t rending dat abase is displayed on a separat e
row. ( The workbooks for any cat egories excluded at t he Ex por t
Tr end Dat a i nt o Ex cel dialog box are blank) .

Aft er having creat ed t he t rending workbook, you can access it
from Report er by clicking Vi ew Ex i st i ng Tr end Dat a on t he
Vi ew menu.
I mpor t i ng Dat a i nt o Aspen I car us Repor t er
When you have a proj ect scenario open in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or and select Capit al Cost s ( I nt eract ive) from Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or, Report er aut omat ically import s t hat
proj ect scenarios Capit al Cost report s as it opens.
However, once youre at t he Aspen I carus Report er window, you
can import a proj ect scenarios Capit al Cost report s wit hout
having t he proj ect scenario open in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or.
To i mpor t a Capi t al Cost r epor t :
1 Click I mpor t Dat a from t he Fi l e menu.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 603
The I mpor t Sel ect i on dialog box appears.

2 Use t he browse t ree t o locat e t he proj ect scenario folder,
which should be at :
...Data\Archives_Aspen Capital Cost
Estimator\[Project]\[Project Scenario]
Aft er clicking t he proj ect scenario folder, PROJI D should appear
in t he Fi l e set t o i mpor t sect ion.
3 Select PROJI D and click I mpor t .
Report er import s t he dat a. When complet e, t he select ed
scenarios report s can be run from Report er.
Cr eat i ng a User Dat abase
You can export t he I carus SQL Dat abase, list ing t he Relat ion
at t ribut es used by t he I carus Evaluat ion Engine ( I EE) , t o a
Microsoft Access Dat abase ( . mdb) file.
Not e: I carus Reference, Chapt er 35, Dat abase Relat ions ,
defines t he I carus Dat abase Relat ions and t he different
at t ribut es under each.
To cr eat e a user dat abase:
1 Click Creat e User Dat abase on t he File menu.






604 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Report er searches for t he last . mdb file it creat ed.
I f t he file is not found or if t his is your first dat abase creat ion,
t he Cr eat e User Dat abase dialog box appears wit h only one
Export Opt ion: Cr eat e New Wor k book . The lower part of t he
dialog box provides fields for select ing a pat h and filename.
However, if t he last creat ed file is found, t he Export Opt ions also
include Ov er w r i t e Ex i st i ng Wor k book . This opt ion is marked
by default , so t he lower part of t he dialog box is not visible unt il
you mark t he Cr eat e New Wor k book checkbox.

2 Select a folder, ent er a dat abase name, and t hen click OK.
Report er creat es t he . mdb file.
To r ev i ew and w or k w i t h t he dat abase:
St art Microsoft Access and open t he .mdb file.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 605
Revi ew i ng I nvest ment Anal y si s
Not e: I nvest ment Analysis is only included in Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or if you are licensed t o use I carus Process
Evaluat or ( Aspen Process Economic Analyzer) or Analyzer and
you select at st art up t o use one of t hem in t he Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or environment .
I f you are using t he default Preferences, Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or aut omat ically displays t he four I nvest ment Analysis
spreadsheet s in t he Main Window aft er you run a proj ect
evaluat ion. You can set Preferences so t hat Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or does not aut omat ically display t he spreadsheet s, in
which case you would have t o select t o view t hem as described
below.
Vi ew i ng I nvest ment Anal y si s
To vi ew t he I nvest ment Anal y si s:
1 Do one of t he following:
Click on t he t oolbar.
o
Click I nv est ment Anal y si s Vi ew on t he Vi ew menu.
2 Use t he t abs at t he bot t om of t he window t o move among t he
four spreadsheet s.
Equi pment Summar y
The Equipment Summary ( EQUI P. I CS) cont ains a list of proj ect
component s used in t he analysis.






606 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

For each component , t he summary cont ains t he following
informat ion:
Area Name The name of t he operat ional unit
area.
Component Name The name of t he proj ect
component .
Component Type The t ype symbol for t he
component .
Tot al Direct Cost The t ot al direct mat erial and labor
cost s associat ed wit h t he proj ect
component ( including inst allat ion
bulks) , in t he proj ect currency.

Pr oj ect Summar y
Proj ect Summary ( PROJSUM. I CS) cont ains a proj ect summary
for t he capit al cost s ( equipment plus bulks) and schedule. This
worksheet also includes operat ing unit cost s ( labor wage rat es
and ut ilit y unit cost s) , ut ilit y flow/ use rat es ( st eam/ wat er flow
rat es, and so on) and operat ing and maint enance cost s.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 607

Pr oj ect Summar y I nput Dat a
The following informat ion on t he Proj ect Summary spreadsheet
is user- ent ered, except where not ed:
Pr oj ect I nf or mat i on
Proj ect Name Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect name
Proj ect
Descript ion
Brief descript ion of Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
proj ect , from Proj ect Propert ies
Analysis Dat e
and Time
The dat e and t ime t his analysis was performed
Simulat or Type The name of t he process simulat or from which
process dat a was import ed
Simulat or
Version
The version of t he process simulat or
Simulat or Report
File
The name of t he process simulat or report file
Simulat or Report
Dat e
Dat e and t ime of t he process simulat or report file
Economic
Analysis Type
The name of t he I carus syst em used for t he
evaluat ion
Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or
Version
Version number for Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
syst em
Proj ect Direct ory Direct ory pat h for t he current Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or proj ect
Scenario Name Name of t he current scenario ( if applicable)
Scenario
Descript ion
Descript ion of t he current scenario, from Proj ect
Tit le in General Proj ect Dat a
Capi t al Cost Eval uat i on Basi s
Dat e Dat e of capit al cost s/ schedule analysis






608 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Count ry Count ry basis for t he capit al cost s/ schedule
analysis
Unit s of Measure Unit s of Measure for analysis
Currency ( Cost )
Symbol
Syst em currency symbol which depends on t he
select ed count ry basis
Currency
Conversion Rat e
Conversion fact or bet ween user- select ed
currency t o t he currency used by t he syst em
int ernally for t he select ed Count ry basis. For
example, if t he US count ry basis is select ed, t he
int ernal syst em currency is US Dollars.
Therefore, all numbers will be report ed in US
Dollars. However, if a currency conversion rat e
of 1. 5 is specified, all int ernal values will be
mult iplied by 1. 5 and t hen report ed
Syst em Cost Base
Dat e
The capit al cost s basis dat e of t he syst em. The
Adj ust ed Tot al Proj ect Cost represent s t he
calculat ed capit al cost of t he proj ect ( calculat ed
at t his base dat e) escalat ed t o t he St art Dat e of
Engineering.
Proj ect Type Proj ect t ype ident ified in t he st andard basis
specs
Design code Select ed design code for equipment
Prepar ed By I dent ifier for t he prepar er of t he process
evaluat or
Plant Locat ion Locat ion of t he plant
Time Difference
Bet ween Syst em
Cost Base Dat e
and St art Dat e for
Engineering
Number of days bet ween t he dat e of t he
syst ems Cost Base dat a ( for example, first
quart er, 2000) and t he pr oj ect s st art dat e for
basic engineering.
User Currency
Name
User assigned name for t he currency
User Currency
Descript ion
User assigned descript ion of t he currency
User Currency
Symbol
User assigned symbol of t he currency. This is
t he symbol used for repor t ing t he cost result s in
t he report s.
Descript ions for t he following paramet ers are provided in more
det ail under I nvest ment Paramet er specificat ions ( page 188) .
Ti me Per i od
Period Descript ion Durat ion of t ime
Operat ing Hours
per Period
Number of hours in specified period
Number of Weeks
per Period
Number of weeks in specified period
Number of Periods
for Analysis
Set t o 20 per iods for invest ment analysis

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 609
Schedul e
St art Dat e for
Engineering
The beginning dat e for EPC ( engineering,
procurement , and const ruct ion)
Durat ion of EPC
Phase
The calculat ed EPC durat ion in weeks
Lengt h of St art - up
Period
Number of weeks scheduled for st art - up
beyond t he end of t he EPC phase
Durat ion of
Const ruct ion Phase
The calculat ed const ruct ion durat ion in weeks
Complet ion Dat e for
Const ruct ion
The calendar dat e for t he end of EPC

Capi t al Cost s Par amet er
Working Capit al
Percent age
Percent age of t ot al capit al expense per period
required t o operat e t he facilit y unt il t he
revenue from product sales is sufficient t o
cover cost s.
Oper at i ng Cost s Par amet er s
Operat ing Supplies I ndicat es t he lump- sum cost of operat ing
supplies.
Laborat ory Charges I ndicat es t he lump- sum cost of laborat ory
charges.
User Ent ered
Operat ing Charges
( as percent age)
I ndicat es t he user- ent ered value for t ot al
operat ing charges.
Operat ing Charges
( Percent of
Operat ing Labor
Cost s)
I ncludes operat ing supplies and laborat ory
charges. I f t he user ent ers a lump- sum value
for eit her Operat ing Supplies or Laborat ory
Charges , t he addit ion of t he t wo values will
override t he User Ent ered Operat ing Charges
Plant Overhead
( Percent of
Operat ing Labor
and Maint enance
Cost s)
Consist s of charges during product ion for
services, facilit ies, payroll overhead, and so on
G and A Expenses
( Percent of Subt ot al
Operat ing Cost s)
General and administ rat ive cost s incurred
during product ion such as administ rat ive
salaries/ expenses, R&D, product dist ribut ion
and sales cost s.
Gener al I nvest ment Par amet er s
Tax Rat e The percent per period of earnings t hat must
be paid t o t he government .
Desired Rat e of
Ret urn
I ndicat es t he desired ( t hat is, user- ent ered)
ret urn rat e, in percent per period, for t he
invest ment .

Economic Life of
Proj ect
I ndicat es t he lengt h of t ime in t erms of periods
over which capit al cost s will be depreciat ed.
Salvage Value The expect ed value of an asset at t he end of it s






610 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
( Fract ion of I nit ial
Capit al Cost )
usable life for t he company. The difference
bet ween an asset s cost and it s salvage value is
t he amount t o be depreciat ed over t he asset s
usable life.
Depreciat ion
Met hod
There are four depreciat ion met hods allowed in
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or: St raight Line,
Sum of t he Digit s, Double Declining ( Balance) ,
Accelerat ed Cost Recover y Syst em ( ACRS) . See
I nvest ment Paramet ers in Chapt er 3 for a
det ailed definit ion of each depr eciat ion met hod.
Escal at i on
Proj ect Capit al
Escalat ion
Rat e at which proj ect capit al expenses may
increase expressed in percent per period. I f t he
addit ion of Engineer- Procure- Const ruct ( EPC)
period and st art - up period is great er t han one
whole period, Proj ect Capit al Escalat ion is used
t o escalat e t he capit al expenses for periods
beyond t he first period.
Product s Escalat ion Rat e at which t he sales revenue from product s
of t he facilit y are t o be escalat ed ( increased) in
t erms of percent per period.
Raw Mat erial
Escalat ion
Rat e at which t he raw mat erial cost s of t he
facilit y are t o be escalat ed ( increased) in t erms
of percent per period.
Operat ing and
Maint enance Labor
Rat e at which t he operat ing and maint enance
cost s of t he facilit y are t o be escalat ed
( increased) in t erms of Escalat ion percent per
period. The operat ing labor cost s include
operat ors per shift and supervisory cost s.
Ut ilit ies Escalat ion User- ent ered percent ages reflect ing t he
ant icipat ed ut ilit y price increase each period.

Pr oj ect Summar y Out put Dat a
The following OUTPUT dat a is generat ed by Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or :

Proj ect Result s Summary
Tot al Proj ect
Capit al Cost
The t ot al capit al cost invest ment needed for
t he proj ect . I f t he calculat ed EPC period is
more t han a year, t he capit al cost s expendit ure
will be spread out over t he lengt h of t he EPC
period.
Tot al Raw Mat erials
Cost
The t ot al raw mat erial cost of t he facilit y ex
pressed in t erms of cost per period.
Tot al Product s
Sales
The t ot al product sales of t he facilit y expressed
in t erms of cost per period.

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 611
Tot al Operat ing
and Maint enance
Labor Cost
The operat ing labor ( including operat or s/ shift
and supervisors/ shift ) and maint enance labor
cost s in t erms of cost per period. The
maint enance cost includes maint enance labor
and supplies.
Tot al Ut ilit ies Cost The t ot al ut ilit ies usage cost expressed in cost
per period.
Tot al Operat ing
Cost
The t ot al of raw mat erial, ut ilit y, operat ing
labor, maint enance, operat ing charges, plant
overhead and G and A expenses.
Operat ing Labor
Cost
I ncludes operat ors per shift and supervisors
per shift cost s.
Maint enance Cost Maint enance cost of t he equipment including
labor and mat erials.
Operat ing Charges I ncludes operat ing supplies and laborat ory
charges.
Plant Overhead Consist s of charges during product ion for
services, facilit ies, payroll overhead, and so on
Subt ot al Operat ing
Cost
Subt ot al cost of raw mat erials, operat ing labor,
ut ilit ies, maint enance, operat ing charges, and
plant overhead.
G and A Cost General and administ rat ive cost s incurred
during product ion. This is calculat ed as a
percent age of t he Subt ot al Operat ing Cost s.
The cost s list ed under Proj ect Result s Summary are
broken down int o individual element s under Proj ect
Capit al Summary:
Pr oj ect Capi t al Summar y
Purchased
Equipment
The t ot al mat erial cost of process equipment
and quot ed equipment cost it ems. Mat erial cost
is account ed for in t he codes of account 100 -
299.
Equipment Set t ing The t ot al const ruct ion labor cost for set t ing
equipment in place.

Pi pi ng
Civil
St eel
I nst rument at ion
Elect rical
I nsulat ion
Paint

The cost report ed for each of t hese it ems
indicat es t he t ot al mat erial and const ruct ion
labor cost calculat ed for t he cat egory. The
above cost it ems may have originat ed from
t wo sources:
I nst allat ion Bulks ( please refer t o I carus
Reference) .
User: The user can add pr oj ect component s
t hat creat e cost it ems in t hese cat egories. The
proj ect component s may be in t he following
cat egories: Plant bulks, Sit e development and
Buildings.
Ot her This it em is t he t ot al of t he following cost s:
design, engineering, and procurement cost s;
mat erial charges ( freight and t axes) ; and
const ruct ion field indirect cost s ( fringe






612 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
benefit s, burdens, consumables/ small t ools,
insurance, equipment rent al, field services,
field office const ruct ion supervision, and plant
st art - up) .
Subcont r act s The t ot al cost of subcont ract ed work. This cost
it em is normally zero in Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or.
G and A
Over heads

General and administ rat ive cost s associat ed
wit h engineering, mat erials, and const ruct ion
work.
Cont r act Fee

The t ot al cost of cont ract fees for engineering,
mat erial, const ruct ion, any subcont ract ed
work.
Escal at i on

The t ot al capit al cost s escalat ion amount . This
cost it em is normally zero in Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat or.
Cont i ngenci es

The addit ional cost s required t o bring t his
proj ect t o complet ion. I n Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or, t his cost it em is aut omat ically
calculat ed based on t he pr oj ect t ype and
process complexit y.
Tot al Pr oj ect Cost

The t ot al proj ect capit al cost of t he plant
calculat ed by t he I carus Capit al Cost s Engine
as of t he Syst em Cost Base Dat e .
Adj ust ed Tot al
Capi t al Cost

I ndicat es t he Tot al Proj ect Cost ( described
above) adj ust ed t o t he St art of Basic
Engineering. The Tot al Proj ect Cost is
escalat ed ( using t he Proj ect Capit al Escalat ion
Paramet er) from t he syst em Cost Base dat e t o
t he st art dat e of basic engineering.
Raw Mat er i al Cost s and Pr oduct Sal es
Raw Mat erials Cost
per Hour
Tot al raw mat erial usage cost per hour
specified in t he Raw Mat erial Specificat ions
file.
Tot al Raw Mat erials
Cost
Tot al cost of raw mat erials per period. This
number is generat ed by mult iplying Raw
Product s Sales per
Hour
Tot al produced product sales expressed in
cost per hour .
Tot al Product s Sales Tot al product sales per period. This number is
generat ed by mult iplying Product s Sales per
Hour by Operat ing Hours per Period.
Main Product Name The main product of t he plant is considered t o
be t he product which produces t he largest
sales figure per period. This field cont ains t he
descript ion of t he main product ( assigned by
t he user) .
Main Product Rat e The product ion rat e of t he main product .

Main Product Unit
Cost
The unit cost rat e of t he main product .
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 613
Main Product The product ion basis ( or unit of measure) of
Product ion Basis t he main product ( LB,
GALLONS, and so on) .
Main Product Rat e
per Period
The product ion rat e of t he main product per
period .
Main Product Sales The t ot al sales figure of t he main product per
period.

By- product Sales The t ot al sales figure per period of t he by-
product s ( t hat is, , product s ot her t han t he
main product of t he plant ) .

Oper at i ng Labor and Mai nt enance Cost s
Oper at i ng Labor
Operat ors per Shift The number of operat ors per shift per hour
necessary t o operat e t he plant .
Unit Cost The wage rat e for each operat or expressed in
cost per oper at or per shift .
Tot al Operat ing
Labor Cost
Tot al operat ing labor cost obt ained by
mult iplying number of operat ors per shift by
t he unit cost and by Operat ing Hours per
Period.
Mai nt enance
Cost / 8000 Hours The cost of maint aining t he facilit y equipment
for 8000 hours of operat ion of t he facilit y.
Tot al Maint enance
Cost
The t ot al maint enance cost of t he facilit y per
period.
Super vi si on
Supervisors per Shift The number of supervisors per shift per hour
necessary t o oversee personnel who operat e
t he facilit y.
Unit Cost The wage rat e for each supervisor expressed
in cost per supervisors per shift .
Tot al Supervision
Cost
Tot al supervising labor cost obt ained by
mult iplying number of supervisors per shift by
t he unit cost and by Operat ing Hours per
Period.

Ut i l i t i es Cost s
The ut ilit y cost breakdown is given below for elect ricit y, pot able
wat er, fuel and inst rument air as well as user defined process ut ilit ies
such as st eam. The descr ipt ion of each ut ilit y includes:
Rat e The rat e of use of t he ut ilit y in t erms of
amount per hour.
Unit Cost The unit cost of t he ut ilit y in cost per amount .
Tot al Cost The t ot al cost of t he ut ilit y in cost per period.






614 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

Cashf l ow
Cashflow ( CASHFLOW. I CS) calculat es t he Net Present Value
( NPV) , I nt ernal Rat e of Ret urn ( I RR) , Profit abilit y I ndex ( PI ) ,
payback period, and so on

The spreadsheet displays t he cashflow informat ion shown by
period. The beginning part of t he spreadsheet cont ains
dat a/ result s carried over from t he Proj ect Summary
( PROJSUM. I CS) spreadsheet .

I t em

Descr i pt i on
TW Number of Weeks per Period
T Number of Periods for Analysis
DTEPC Durat ion of EPC Phase
DT Durat ion of EPC Phase and St art up
WORKP Working Capit al Percent age
OPCHG Operat ing Charges
PLANTOVH Plant Overhead
CAPT Tot al Proj ect Cost
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 615
RAWT Tot al Raw Mat erial Cost
PRODT Tot al Product Sales
OPMT Tot al Operat ing Labor and Maint enance Cost
UTI LT Tot al Ut ilit ies Cost
ROR Desired Rat e of Ret urn/ I nt erest Rat e
AF ROR Annuit y Fact or
TAXR Tax Rat e
I F ROR I nt erest Fact or
ECONLI FE Economic Life of Proj ect
SALVAL Salvage Value ( Percent of I nit ial Capit al Cost )
DEPMETH Depreciat ion Met hod
DEPMETHN Depreciat ion Met hod I d
ESCAP Proj ect Capit al Escalat ion
ESPROD Product s Escalat ion
ESRAW Raw Mat erial Escalat ion
ESLAB Operat ing and Maint enance Labor Escalat ion
ESUT Ut ilit ies Escalat ion
START St art Period for Plant St art up
PODE Desired Payout Period ( excluding EPC and St art up
Phases) . Reserved for fut ure use.
POD Desired Payout Period: Reserved for fut ure use.
DESRET Desired Ret urn on Proj ect for Sales Forecast ing:
Reserved for fut ure use.
END End Period for Economic Life of Proj ect .
GA G and A Expenses.
DTEP Durat ion of EP Phase before St art of Const ruct ion.
OP Tot al Operat ing Labor Cost .
MT Tot al Maint enance Cost .

Sal es






616 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
A number will appear in t his cat egory only aft er t he t ime allot t ed
for all prior phases ( engineering, procurement , const ruct ion and
st art up phases) has expired.
SP
( Pr oduct s
Sal es)
The t ot al product s sales value per
period calculat ed in PROJSUM. I CS.
SPF
( For ecast ed
Sal es
Annui t y
Fact or )
Reserved for fut ure use.
SF
( For ecast ed
Sal es)
Reserved for fut ure use.
S ( Tot al
Sal es)
I ndicat es t he amount received per
period from sold product s. This
number is eit her SP or SF.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 617

Ex penses
I ncludes bot h capit al and operat ing expendit ures per
period list ed below.
CAP
( Capi t al
Cost s)
I ndicat es, by period, t ot al funds spent
prior t o st art up.
Unescalat ed Cumulat ive Capit al Cost :
I ndicat es t he t ot al capit al cost s spent
t hrough t he current period. This is based
on t he Tot al Proj ect Capit al Cost in
PROJSUM. I CS.
Capit al Cost : I ndicat es, by period, t he
amount of init ial, non- variable cost s
associat ed wit h t he proj ect . This number
is based on t he Tot al Proj ect Capit al Cost
found in PROJSUM. I CS.
Cumulat ive Capit al Cost : I ndicat es
capit al expendit ures t hrough period n.
For example, t he number in period 4
represent s t he t ot al capit al expendit ures
beginning in period 1 and ending in
period 4.
Working: I ndicat es t he amount required
t o operat e t he facilit y before t he revenue
from product sales is sufficient t o cover
cost s. Working Capit al is a lump- sum
amount which t akes effect during t he
st art - up period. I t is escalat ed at rat e
equal t o t he Proj ect Capit al Escalat ion
rat e.
OP
( Oper at i ng
Cost s)
I ndicat es, by period, t he t ot al
expendit ure on t he following it ems
necessary t o keep t he facilit y operat ing:
Raw Mat erials, Operat ing Labor Cost ,
Maint enance Cost , Ut ilit ies, Operat ing
Charges, Plant Overhead, Subt ot al
Operat ing Cost s, and G and A Cost s. This
number is t he Tot al Operat ing Cost
import ed from PROJSUM. I CS and ent ered
in t his field aft er capit al expendit ures
cease.






618 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 619
( R) Revenue
I ndicat es, by period, t he amount of money available aft er capit al
and operat ing expenses have been paid. This number is obt ained
by subt ract ing Capit al Cost s and Operat ing Cost s from Sales.
DEP I ndicat es t he amount by which t he value of t he capit al cost
decreases each period. The Tot al Proj ect Capit al Cost is
depreciat ed, via t he chosen depreciat ion met hod, over t he useful
Economic Life of t he facilit y. The St raight Line Met hod assumes
t hat t he it em will depreciat e by a const ant amount over it s
Economic life. When t he Sum of t he Years Met hod is used, t he
depreciat ion expense decreases during each year of t he proj ect s
useful life. When t he Double Declining Balance Met hod is used,
t he proj ect is depreciat ed in geomet ric increment s. The
Accelerat ed Cost Recovery Syst em assumes t hat t he proj ect
begins operat ing in t he second half of t he first year, rat her t han
in t he beginning of t he first year.
E I ndicat es t he funds available aft er all expenses have been
paid. This number is obt ained by subt ract ing t he Depreciat ion
and t he I nt erest Expenses from t he Revenue.
TAX I ndicat es amount owed t o t he government . This number is
obt ained by mult iplying t he t ax rat e by Earnings Before Taxes.
NE I ndicat es t he funds available aft er t axes have been paid.
This number is obt ained by subt ract ing t he Taxes from t he
Earnings Before Taxes.
TED I ndicat es t ot al cash available from proj ect . This number is
comput ed by adding t he Depreciat ion Expense t o t he Net
Earnings. Since t he depreciat ion expense is a non- cash expense
( no cash act ually leaves t he facilit y in order t o pay t he
depreciat ion expense) adding t he depreciat ion t o t he net
earnings gives t he t ot al cash flow obt ained from t he proj ect .
I nclusion of t he Depreciat ion Expenses reduces t he amount of
t axable income.
TEX Specifies t he t ot al expenses of t he proj ect including
capit al, operat ing, and any int erest expense.
FVI Sums t he Sales received t hrough period n and indicat es
what t he Sales would be if t hey had been received in t he current
period. For example, t he value in period 4 is what t he sales in
periods 1- 4 would have been if all of t hese funds had been
received in period 4.






620 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
PVI I ndicat es t he current wort h of all t he cash received
t hrough period n. For example, t he number in period 4
represent s t he value t hat t he sales generat ed in periods 1
t hrough 4 would be if t hose sales were received in t he first
period. This number is obt ained by summing all of sales from
prior t ime periods adding t his amount t o sales in t he current
t ime period. Using t he specified int erest rat e, t his t ot al is t hen
discount ed back t o t he first t ime period.
PVOS I f t he user ent ers a number for PODE, t his number
indicat es t he current wort h of all of t he cash paid t hrough period
n.
PVOP I ndicat es t he current wort h of all of t he cash paid
t hrough period n. For example, t he number in period 4
represent s t he value t hat t he expenses paid in periods 1 t hrough
4 would be if t hose expenses were paid in t he first period. This
number is obt ained by summing all of t he out flows ( Capit al
Cost s, Operat ing Cost s, I nt erest Expense) from prior t ime
periods and adding t his amount t o t he out flows in t he current
period. Using t he specified int erest rat e, t his t ot al is t hen
discount ed back t o t he first t ime period .
PVO Represent s PVOS or PVOP depending on whet her or not
you ent ered a desired payout period. I f you ent ered a desired
payout period, t he basis for t he cash out flow calculat ion is t he
Forecast ed Sales. Ot herwise, t he basis is Product Sales.
PV I ndicat es t he present wort h of t he Tot al Earnings received
in t he current period. For example, t he number in period 4
represent s t he value t hat t he Tot al Earnings generat ed in period
4 discount ed back t o t he first t ime period.
Final result s are shown below:
NPV I ndicat es t he current wort h of all t he Net Earnings received
t hrough period n. For example, t he number in period 4
represent s t he value t hat t he Net Earnings generat ed in periods
1 t hrough 4 if t hose earnings were received in t he first period.
This number is obt ained by summing all of t he Net Earnings from
prior t ime periods and adding t his amount t o t he Net Earnings in
t he current t ime period. Using t he specified int erest rat e, t his
t ot al is t hen discount ed back t o t he first t ime period. The sign of
t his value det ermines t he analysis result . I f, in a cert ain period,
t he sign of t he net present value is negat ive, t hen t he proposed
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 621
invest ment appears not t o be profit able, t hus far. For example, if
t he sign of t he net preset value is negat ive in period 3, t hen t he
proj ect does not appear t o be profit able during periods 1, 2, and
3. However, if t he sign is posit ive, t hen t he proj ect appears t o be
profit able, from period 3 onward. I f t he net present value equals
zero, t hen t he proj ect does not incur any losses or gains ( break-
even point ) .
I RR I s t he rat e at which t he present value of all cash flows is
zero. I t is also known as t he Discount ed Cash- Flow Rat e of
Ret urn. This value is calculat ed at t he End Period for Economic
Life of Proj ect ( t hat is, , Economic Life of Proj ect and
considering t he lengt h of EPC and St art up Period) . At t he End
Period for Economic Life of Proj ect , it is assumed t he salvage
value of t he plant and t he working capit al are recouped. I RR is
t he aft er- t ax int erest rat e at which t he organizat ion can borrow
funds and break even at t he end of t he proj ect life.
MI RR I ndicat es t he profit abilit y of t he proj ect . The int ernal
rat e of ret urn is t he int erest rat e which equat es t he present
value of a proj ect s expect ed cash inflows t o t he present value of
t he proj ect s expect ed cost s ( or out flows) . The int ernal rat e of
ret urn for each period is calculat ed by dividing t he Present Value
of Cumulat ive I nflows by t he Present Value of Cumulat ive
Out flows and raising t his t o a power and mult iplied by 100. Two
crit eria are crit ical in evaluat ing t he int ernal rat e of ret urn. First ,
if t he sign of t he rat e of ret urn is negat ive, t he proj ect appears
not t o be profit able. I f t he sign is posit ive, t hen t he proj ect
appears t o be profit able. I f t he rat e of ret urn equals zero t hen
t he proj ect incurs no losses or gains ( break- even point ) . I n
addit ion, if t he rat e of ret urn is great er t han t he rat e which could
be obt ained from ot her opport unit ies ( t hat is, , invest ing in a
bank) , t hen t he proj ect probably should be undert aken.
NRR I ndicat es t he profit abilit y of t he proj ect . The net rat e of
ret urn for each period is calculat ed by dividing t he Net Present
Value by t he Present Value of Cumulat ive Out flows and t hen
mult iplying t he result by 100.
PO Represent s t he expect ed number of years required t o
recover t he original invest ment in t he proj ect . This row will
indicat e t he lengt h of t ime t hat t he facilit y needs t o operat e in
order t o recover t he init ial capit al invest ment ( t ot al capit al cost
plus working capit al) . I f a number is ent ered for t he Desired
Payout Period, t he spreadsheet will det ermine t he amount of
Sales necessary t o meet t his desired payout .






622 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
ARR Measures a proj ect s cont ribut ion t o t he firms net income.
This number is t he rat io of t he proj ect s Average Annual
Expect ed Net I ncome t o it s Average I nvest ment . For example,
t he Average Annual Expect ed Net I ncome for t he fourt h period is
det ermined by summing net earnings from periods 1 t hrough 4
and divided by 4. The Average I nvest ment is det ermined by
finding t he Salvage Value, and adding t his number t o t he Tot al
Proj ect Cost and dividing t his t ot al by 2. I f t he account ing rat e of
ret urn is great er t han one, t hen t his is an indicat ion t hat t he
proj ect might be a profit able undert aking. I f t he sign is negat ive,
t hen t he proj ect does not appear t o be profit able. I f t his number
equals zero t hen t he proj ect incurs no losses or gains ( break-
even point ) .
PI The profit abilit y index shows t he relat ive profit abilit y of
any proj ect ; it shows t he present value of t he benefit s relat ive t o
t he present value of t he cost s. For each period, t his number is
comput ed by dividing t he Present Value of t he Cumulat ive Cash
I nflows by t he Present Value of t he Cumulat ive Cash Out flows. I f
t he profit abilit y index is great er t han one, t hen t he proj ect
appears t o be profit able. I f t his index is less t han one, t hen t he
proj ect appears not t o be profit able. I f t his number equals zero
t hen t he proj ect incurs no losses or gains ( break- even point ) .
Anal y si s
Analysis results are shown by period. ( - ) indicates the project in the current
period appears unprofitable, while 0 indicates break-even status.
Depr eci at i on Cal cul at i ons
This sect ion present s det ails on t he calculat ion of depreciat ion.
Ex ecut i ve Summar y
Execut ive Summary ( EXECSUM. I CS) cont ains a proj ect summary
int ended t o be reviewed by execut ives and ot her business
decision makers.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 623

I t cont ains t he following informat ion:
PROJECT
NAME
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
proj ect name
CAPACI TY Capacit y of plant for maj or
product
PLANT
LOCATI ON
Locat ion of plant
BRI EF
DESCRI PTI ON
Brief descript ion of proj ect , from
Proj ect Propert ies
SCHEDULE
St ar t Dat e f or
Engi neer i ng
The beginning dat e for EPC
( engineering, procurement , and
const ruct ion)
Dur at i on of
EPC Phase
The calculat ed EPC durat ion in
weeks
Compl et i on
Dat e f or
Const r uct i on
The calendar dat e for t he end of
EPC
Lengt h of
St ar t - up
Per i od
Number of weeks scheduled for
st art - up beyond t he end of t he
EPC phase






624 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
I NVESTMENT
Cur r ency
Conver si on
Conversion fact or bet ween user-
select ed currency t o t he currency
used by t he syst em int ernally for
t he select ed Count ry basis. For
example, if t he US count ry basis
is select ed, t he int ernal syst em
currency is US Dollars.
Therefore, all numbers will be
report ed in US Dollars. However,
if a currency conversion rat e of
1. 5 is specified, all int ernal
values will be mult iplied by 1. 5
and t hen report ed
Tot al Pr oj ect
Capi t al
The t ot al capit al cost invest ment
needed for t he proj ect . I f t he
calculat ed EPC period is more
t han a year, t he capit al cost s
expendit ure will be spread out
over t he lengt h of t he EPC period
Tot al
Oper at i ng Cost
The t ot al of raw mat erial, ut ilit y,
operat ing labor, maint enance,
operat ing charges, plant
overhead and G and A expenses
Tot al Raw
Mat er i al s Cost
The t ot al raw mat erial cost of t he
facilit y expressed in t erms of
cost per year
Tot al Ut i l i t i es
Cost
The t ot al ut ilit ies usage cost
expressed in t erms of cost per
year
Tot al Pr oduct
Sal es
The t ot al product sales of t he
facilit y expressed in t erms of
cost per year
Desi r ed Rat e
of Ret ur n
Desired rat e of ret urn expressed
in t erms of percent per year.

PROJECT I NFORMATI ON
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 625
Si mul at or
Ty pe
The name of t he process
simulat or from which process
dat a was import ed
Ver si on The version of t he process
simulat or
Repor t Fi l e The file name of t he process
simulat or report file
Repor t Dat e Dat e and t ime of t he process
simulat or report file
Economi c
Anal y si s Ty pe
The name of t he I carus syst em
used for t he evaluat ion
Ver si on Version number of t he I carus
syst em.
Sy st em Cost
Base Dat e
The capit al cost s basis dat e of
t he syst em. The Adj ust ed Tot al
Proj ect Cost represent s t he
calculat ed capit al cost of t he
proj ect ( calculat ed at t his base
dat e) escalat ed t o t he St art Dat e
of Engineering.
Pr oj ect
Di r ect or y
Direct ory pat h for t he current
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
proj ect
Anal y si s Dat e Dat e invest ment analysis was
run.
Count r y basi s Count ry basis for t he capit al
cost s/ schedule analysis
Pr oj ect Ty pe Proj ect t ype ident ified in General
Specs
Desi gn code Select ed design code for
equipment
Pr epar ed By I dent ifier for t he preparer of t he
process evaluat or







626 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Usi ng t he Repor t i ng Assi st ant
The Report ing Assist ant feat ure let s you creat e your own
cust omized report spreadsheet s, combining informat ion from all
ot her I carus generat ed spreadsheet s.
To dev el op a cust omi zed spr eadsheet f i l e and t empl at e:
1 On t he Tool s menu, click Opt i ons and t hen Repor t i ng
Assi st ant .
The Report ing Assist ant Opt ions dialog box appears.

2 On t he Repor t Fi l e t ab view, click New .
3 I n t he Save As dialog box, t ype a name for t he report file
t hat will cont ain your cust omized spreadsheet . For example,
t ype Cust om as shown below.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 627

3 Click Sav e.
4 Swit ch t o t he Repor t Templ at es t ab view.

5 I n t he Templ at e Fi l es sect ion, click New .
6 I n t he Save As dialog box, t ype a name for t he t emplat e file
( for example, summary ) and click Sav e.






628 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

Not e: This example creat es a report ing t emplat e for fut ure use
called Summar y .t r a.
7 I n t he Templ at e Ent r i es sect ion, click New Ent r y. I n t he
Col umn Label field, ent er a label ( for example, Proj ect
Name ) for t he first column on your cust om report
spreadsheet . The Di spl ay Col umn box should aut omat ically
display 1 .
8 The Ent r y Def i ni t i on sect ion defines t he dat a t o be ent ered
in t he above column. Select a file name in t he Sour ce box,
t hen ent er t he column and row of t he source dat a.
For example, in t he figure below, t he cont ent s of Column C, Row 8 of
Proj ect . ics has been specified t o appear in t he cust omized report
spreadsheet s Proj ect Name column.

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 629
9 Follow t he same procedure ( st eps 7 - 8) t o add more ent ries.
You can use a variet y of sources. For example, adding t he
following ent ries will result in a report t emplat e t hat uses all
t hree of t he previously discussed . ics files as sources.
Col umn Label
Di spl ay
Col umn Sour ce
Sour ce
Col umn Sour ce Row
Proj ect Name 1 proj sum. ics C 8
St art Dat e for
Engineering
2 proj sum. ics C 61
Tax Rat e 3 proj sum. ics C 112
Purchased Equipment
Cost
4 proj sum. ics C 172
Tot al Proj ect Cost 5 cashflow. ics C 14
Tot al Maint enance
Cost
6 cashflow. ics C 40
Complet ion Dat e for
Const ruct ion
7 execsum. ics B 17
10 When all t he t emplat e ent ries are added, ret urn t o t he
Repor t Fi l e t ab view. To t he right of t he Templ at e Fi l e
field, click Br ow se.
11 Select t he newly creat ed t emplat e file ( for example,
Summary. t ra) and click Open.
12 Click OK t o exit t he Repor t i ng Assi st ant Opt i ons dialog
box.
Gener at i ng t he Cust om Repor t
To gener at e a r epor t dev el oped i n Repor t i ng Assi st ant :
1 Run a proj ect evaluat ion.
2 On t he Run menu, click Add Ent r y f or Repor t i ng
Assi st ant .
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or generat es t he report based upon
t he t emplat e creat ed in t he Report ing Assist ant . The dat a t hat
was ent ered under List of Ent ries on t he Repor t i ng Assi st ant
Opt i ons dialog box appears as columns in t he spreadsheet .







630 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Every t ime Add Ent ry for Report ing Assist ant is select ed, t he
lat est dat a is ent ered on t he bot t om row of t he report . This way,
you can compare result s.
I t em Eval uat i on
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or let s you run an evaluat ion on a
single component and view an I t em Report . The t ype of I t em
Report displayed can be select ed in Preferences ( see page 52) .
To r un an i t em eval uat i on and di spl ay t he I t em Repor t :
1 Right - click on t he component in eit her Proj ect Explorer or t he
List view, and t hen click Ev al uat e I t em on t he pop- up menu.

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or runs t he it em evaluat ion.
2 Right - click on t he component and click I t em Repor t on t he
pop- up menu.
You can also click t he Ev al uat e but t on on t he Component
Specificat ions form t o run t he it em evaluat ion and display t he
I t em Report .

Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or displays t he I t em Report in t he
Main Window.
10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 631

Not e: I f t he evaluat ion has already been run, you only have t o
select I t em Repor t .
You can include mult iple component s in t he I t em Report : on t he
List view ( area level) , select t he desired component s, right - click
on one of t he component s, and click I t em Repor t on t he pop- up
window. The result ing I t em Report list s individually t he summary
dat a ( cost or sizing) for each select ed component .
Aut omat i c I t em Ev al uat i on
You can have Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or aut omat ically run an
it em evaluat ion whenever you click OK or Appl y on a
Component Specificat ions form.
To t ur n aut omat i c i t em eval uat i on on and of f :
1 On t he Tool s menu, point t o Opt i ons.
2 On t he Opt i ons sub- menu, a check appears next t o
Aut omat i c I t em Ev al uat i on when t he feat ure is t urned on.
Clicking Aut omat i c I t em Eval uat i on t urns t he feat ure on
and off.






632 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 633
Sample I t em Report
The following Item Report is for a floating head shell and tube heat exchanger with
Example as its item description







634 10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect
Sample I t em Report ( cont inued)

10 Eval uat i ng t he Pr oj ect 635






636 11 I nt r oduci ng I PS
11 I nt r oduci ng I PS

I CARUS Proj ect Scheduler ( I PS) is t he int elligent scheduling
int erface bet ween Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat orand Primavera
Ent erprise Proj ect Manager ( P3E) . I PS creat es complet e P3E
proj ect net works, including all of t he act ivit ies, resources, and
durat ions t hat represent t he engineering and const ruct ion work
cont ained in your Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat orproj ect est imat e.
I PS provides t hree t ypes of net works, AREA, I TEM and FULL.
AREA - Summary act ivit y for all similar component s per area
I PS will generat e a concise, easy- t o- manipulat e, summary bar
chart schedule wit h a det ailed overview of t he engineering,
procurement and a summary overview of const ruct ion phases of
t he proj ect .
I TEM - One summary act ivit y per maj or code of account s ( COA)
for each component
I PS will generat e a concise, easy- t o- manipulat e, summary bar
chart schedule similar t o AREA t ype except in t he const ruct ion
phase it will generat e one summary act ivit y per maj or COA for
each component in an area.
FULL - Det ailed list of act ivit ies for each component
I PS will generat e a det ailed overview of engineering,
procurement , and det ailed inst allat ion t asks in each bulk account
( piping, st eel, civil et c. ) for each proj ect component .
Depending on your need, I PS can present you wit h a P3E proj ect
showing summary t asks t o more det ailed const ruct ion
inst allat ion t asks. The net work developed from I PS cont ains
11 I nt r oduci ng I PS 637
many chains of act ivit ies and adapt s t hem dynamically t o t he
scope of your Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect .
Relat ionships are re- evaluat ed based on act ual t asks t o be
performed as ident ified in t he est imat e. You can also make any
desired modificat ions t o condense or delet e act ivit ies, add or
delet e relat ionships t o act ivit ies, and/ or change durat ions for
act ivit ies using opt ions in t he I PS Proj ect Schedule Set t ings.
I PS will j ump- st art your effort by providing your planning st aff
wit h t he opport unit y t o benefit from engineering knowledge and
proj ect scope dat a previously validat ed by t he Aspen Capit al
Cost Est imat orest imat e. Addit ional benefit s can be derived by
configuring t he est imat ors dat a t o include t he planners
recommendat ions for durat ion adj ust ment s, delivery t imes, and
parallel work areas.






638 12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS
12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS
St ar t i ng I car us Pr oj ect
Schedul er
After completing the installation, you can start IPS.
To st ar t I PS:
1 Click t he Wi ndow s St ar t but t on.
2 Point t o Pr ogr ams and t hen t o AspenTech.

3 Point t o Aspen Engi neer i ng Sui t e and t hen t o Economi c
Eval uat i on V7.1. On t he Economi c Ev al uat i on V7.1 menu,
click Aspen I car us Pr oj ect Schedul er 2006.5.
I PS st art s. The Main Window, empt y because no proj ect is open,
appears on t he left . The Palet t e appears in t he upper- right and
t he Propert ies Window appears in t he lower- right .
12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS 639





Not e: You can change t he posit ion of t he Main Window, Palet t e,
and Propert ies Window, as explained under Cust omizing t he
I nt erface Arrangement on page 39.
St ar t i ng a Pr oj ect Scenar i o
Not e: Viewing t he sample proj ect scenario provided wit h I PS
before creat ing a new one will allow you t o familiarize yourself
wit h I PS wit hout having t o fill out specificat ions. To open t he
sample proj ect , follow t he inst ruct ions under Opening an
Exist ing Proj ect Scenario .






640 12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS
Cr eat i ng a New Pr oj ect Scenar i o
To cr eat e a new pr oj ect scenar i o:
1 On t he Fi l e menu, click New .
or
Click on t he t oolbar.

2 Select a Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect as a basis for a
new I PS proj ect from t he dialog box.

3 I n order t o schedule a proj ect in I PS, it is necessary t o have a
developed and evaluat ed Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or Proj ect
scenario available. I f you do not have an Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat orproj ect scenario available, use Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat ort o develop and evaluat e a full proj ect . ( Wit hout a
pre- exist ing, evaluat ed Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect ,
it is not possible t o schedule using I PS. ) Select an exist ing
12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS 641
Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or proj ect and scenario, and click
OK, a Cr eat e New Pr oj ect dialog box appears. Ent er a new
proj ect name, long filenames are accept ed, including spaces.
However, punct uat ion marks, such as quest ion marks ( ?) ,
exclamat ion point s ( ! ) , t ildes ( ~ ) , and ast erisks ( * ) , are not
allowed.
4 Ent er t he Scenario Name.
This is t he name of t he scenario wit hin t he proj ect . As wit h t he
Proj ect Name, long filenames are accept ed, including spaces,
while punct uat ion marks, such as quest ion marks ( ?) ,
exclamat ion point s ( ! ) , t ildes ( ~ ) , and ast erisks ( * ) are not
allowed.
I f you do not ent er a Scenario Name, I PS uses BaseCase as
t he default .
5 Click OK.
The Pr oj ect Pr oper t i es dialog box appears.








642 12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS
6 Ent er a Proj ect Descript ion. The descript ion can be up t o 500
charact ers in lengt h and can be comprised of let t ers,
numbers, and punct uat ion. You can ent er or revise t he
descript ion lat er on t he Proj ect Propert ies form accessed from
t he Proj ect Basis view ( ) .
Openi ng an Ex i st i ng Pr oj ect
Scenar i o
To open an ex i st i ng pr oj ect scenar i o:
1 On t he Fi l e menu, click Open.
or
Click on t he t oolbar.
The Open Ex i st i ng Pr oj ect dialog box appears.
2 Click t he proj ect scenario you want t o open; t hen click OK.
Cr eat i ng a Pr i mav er a Schedul e
For bot h I PS and Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or/ I PS, t he primary
st ep t owards scheduling a proj ect involves clicking t he Run |
Pr oj ect Schedul er but t on as shown below.

Upon complet ion of loading t he Aspen scheduling engine result s
int o t he Primavera dat abase, t he P3E ( or P3E/ C for Const ruct ion)
12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS 643
int erface is launched aut omat ically. You must ent er t he
password as shown in t he next figure.

Upon ent ering t he password, t he primavera proj ect manager
screen Select Proj ect Port folio appears. Select t he Open
Exist ing Proj ect but t on and choose t he appropriat e proj ect from
t he P3E proj ect list . ( I PS creat es P3E proj ect s wit h t it les
specified in t he Proj ect Basis View using t he I PS proj ect schedule
set t ings - > Schedule Appearance Adj ust ment s - > Tit le form) .
This brings up t he Proj ect Manager Home screen where t he
user may select t he act ivit ies but t on in t he left hand pane t o
arrive at a schedule layout as shown in t he subsequent page.






644 12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS

12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS 645








646 12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS
Nav i gat i ng t he Schedul e i n P3E
I t is possible t o view t he predecessors, successors, resources,
and act ivit y codes under t he act ivit y layout using t he
Show / Hi de Bot t om Lay out icon on t he P3E act ivit y pane. A
number of example layout s are provided in t he AspenTech\
Economi c Eval uat i on V7.1 \ Pr ogr am\ Schedul e folder; t hese
can be import ed by pressing t he Layout dropdown but t on in t he
act ivit ies screen. These layout s are named Aspen I carus - - - . pl f .
I n a similar manner, a number of st andard report s have been
creat ed and placed in t he AspenTech\ Economi c Eval uat i on
V7.1\ Pr ogr am\ Repor t s direct ory. These report s ( .ERP files)
may be import ed int o P3E using t he Tool s | Repor t s | Repor t s
menu funct ion on t he P3E act ivit ies screen. Once t he P3E
Report s screen appears, right click on t he Report Name but t on t o
locat e and import t he desired report . These report s can be run
using t he P3E dat abase.
Dev el opi ng Schedul e Basi s Li br ar i es
Development of t he I carus Proj ect Scheduler set t ings input is not
a t rivial t ask. To facilit at e reuse of prepared input models, you
can use t he library opt ion. Out side a proj ect , it is possible t o
creat e a Proj ect Scheduler library. As shown below, use t he
Li br ar y t ab t o creat e different prepared input models.

12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS 647
Select ing a Proj ect Scheduler Library, brings up t he I PS input
t ree st ruct ure, which can be edit ed wit h t he input forms
described earlier. Right - clicking on t he Default file allows edit ing
and/ or duplicat ion int o user cust omized library files.

Sel ect i ng a Schedul e Basi s i nsi de a Pr oj ect
Aft er an I PS basis is creat ed, it can be used inside a proj ect t o
load company specific dat a. I nside a proj ect , right - clicking on
t he I PS proj ect schedule set t ings brings up a list of I PS basis
files t hat have been creat ed. Select ing t he appropriat e basis file
will lead t o t he reuse of previously generat ed I PS input dat a.
Use of a st andardized I PS basis, which can be company- specific,
will lead t o rapid schedule generat ion.






648 12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS

Under st andi ng t he I car us
I nt er f ace
The I carus int erface let s you see mult iple windows and
document s. You can cust omize t he int erface arrangement . Refer
t o Get t ing St art ed in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or User Guide for
det ails.







12 Get t i ng St ar t ed Wi t h I PS 649








650 13 I PS Pr oj ect Schedul e Set t i ngs
13 I PS Pr oj ect Schedul e
Set t i ngs
I PS Pr oj ect Schedul e Set t i ngs
Not e: I PS Proj ect Schedule Set t ings are only included in Aspen
Capit al Cost Est imat or if you are licensed t o use Aspen I carus
Proj ect Scheduler ( I PS) . You need t o creat e a Aspen Capit al Cost
Est imat or proj ect wit h Proj ect Execut ion Schedule Set t ings and
Evaluat e t he proj ect in Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or before you
can open t he proj ect in t he I PS user int erface.
I f you are licensed t o use Aspen I carus Proj ect Scheduler ( I PS)
and select ed t o use I PS in t he Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or
environment at st art up or st art t he I PS product separat ely, t he
I PS Proj ect Schedule Set t ings folder is included in t he Proj ect
Explorers Basis view.
The Proj ect Schedule Set t ings discussed in t his sect ion let s you
make adj ust ment s t o t he Primavera Ent erprise schedules
produced by Aspen Capit al Cost Est imat or.



13 I PS Pr oj ect Schedul e Set t i ngs 651

Changes made t o t he I PS Proj ect Schedule Set t ings will be
reflect ed in t he scheduling report s generat ed for display in
Primavera. The following are descript ions of t he set t ings.
Schedul e Appear ance Adj ust ment s
Ti t l e
To ent er a pr oj ect schedul e t i t l e t o r epl ace t he sy st em-
gener at ed t i t l e:
1 Double- click Ti t l e ( or Right - click and click Edi t on t he pop- up
menu ) .
2 Ent er a t it le, up t o 60 charact ers.

3 Click Appl y .






652 13 I PS Pr oj ect Schedul e Set t i ngs
Not e: Regardless of t he I PS Proj ect / Scenario Name, any t it le
ent ries made here will become, by default , t he P3E proj ect
name.
Descr i pt i on Modi f i cat i on - Engi neer i ng
To modi f y an engi neer i ng act i vi t y descr i pt i on:
1 Doubl e- cl i ck on Engi neer i ng ( or Right - click and click Edi t
on t he pop- up menu) .

I f you have not previously ent ered a descript ion modificat ion,
t here should be one blank column ( I t em 1) . I f it has already
been filled- in, click Add t o add a new column in which t o ent er a
modificat ion.
2 Select an act ivit y or group of act ivit ies for which t he
descript ion modificat ion is t o be made. This is done by
specifying all or part of t he Act ivit y Number.
The part s of t he Act ivit y Number are broken up int o t he fields
under ACTI VI TY NUMBER. Act ivit y Numbers are list ed in
Appendix A have 10 charact ers. I f you want t o modify a group of
act ivit ies, you can ent er wildcard ast erisks in some fields. At
least one of t he fields ( besides t he t wo preset fields) must
cont ain numbers.
13 I PS Pr oj ect Schedul e Set t i ngs 653
Not e: See Appendix A for a list of Act ivit y Numbers.
Pr eset engi neer i ng f i el d 1
The first t hree charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number are fixed and t he
same for all act ivit ies. They are always 000 .
Engi neer i ng phase
The fourt h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number indicat es t he maj or
engineering phase:
0 Basic engineering phase
1 Det ail engineering phase
2 Procurement phase
To select all phases, ent er an ast erisk ( * ) .
Engi neer i ng cont r act or number
The fift h and sixt h charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number indicat e t he
engineering cont ract number. For fixed proj ect - level act ivit ies, t hese
charact ers will be 00 . The engineering cont ract number is
det ermined based on your specificat ions for cont ract ors under Basis
for Capit al Cost s in t he Proj ect Basis ( see ) . I t must be a number
bet ween 01 and 40. I f all engineering cont ract or numbers are t o be
select ed, ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
Account gr oup number
The sevent h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number indicat es t he account group
number. I t is derived from t he first charact er of t he Code of Account s.
0, 1, 2 Equipment or general
3 Piping
4 Civil
5 St eelwork
6 I nst rument at ion
7 Elect rical
8 I nsulat ion
9 Paint ing
I f all account groups are t o be select ed for modificat ion, ent er one
ast erisk ( * ) .
Pr eset engi neer i ng f i el d 2
The eight h charact er of t he Act ivit y Number is fixed and t he same for
all act ivit ies. I t is always 0 .
Sequence i n account gr oup number
The nint h and t ent h numbers provide sequent ial grouping wit hin t he
maj or hierarchy of t he first eight charact ers. I f all numbers wit hin a
sequence group are t o be select ed, ent er t wo ast erisks ( * * ) .
Not e: where applicable, t he sevent h and nint h
charact ers of t he Act ivit y Number indicat e t he process
equipment class ( 01- 26) . Equipment classes are
defined in Appendix C.
3 I n t he Descr i pt i on and t ag mod. Opt i on field, select
whet her t o modify bot h t he descript ion and t he t ag ( default ) ,
only t he descript ion, or only t he t ag.
Exception: where
applicable, the seventh
and ninth characters of
the Activity Number
indicate the process
equipment class (01-26).
Equipment classes are
defined in Appendix C.






654 13 I PS Pr oj ect Schedul e Set t i ngs
4 I f you are modifying t he act ivit y descript ion, ent er t he new
descript ion in t he Engg. act i vi t y descr i pt i on field ( up t o 32
charact ers) .
5 I f you are modifying t he t ag, ent er t he new t ag in t he Tag
field ( up t o 12 charact ers) . I t will be used in place of t he t ag
( if any) provided by t he syst em. The t ag may be used as a
cont inuat ion of t he descript ion.
6 To modify anot her act ivit y descript ion, click Add. A new
column will appear. Repeat t he process for t he ot her act ivit y
descript ion.
7 Click Appl y / Ok when done t o commit t he changes. Click
Cancel t o close t he form wit hout commit t ing t he changes.
Descr i pt i on Modi f i cat i on Const r uct i on