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ST Solutions for LED Lighting

Ji Smutka
Industrial & Multi-Market Competence Center Applications Lab Prague, Czech Republic Mai 2011

Presentation Outlook
ST LED Driver Product Range - overview
1. Energy-Efficient Solutions for LED Lighting
Off-Line LED Drivers DC-DC Converters based Solutions

2. ST Solutions for Video Display / Matrix drivers 3. ST Solutions for Communication in Lighting

Presentation Outlook
ST LED Driver Product Range - overview
1. Energy-Efficient Solutions for LED Lighting
Off-Line LED Drivers DC-DC Converters based Solutions

2. ST Solutions for Video Display / Matrix drivers 3. ST Solutions for Communication in Lighting

High Brightness LED evolution

Key Factors for AC/DC LED Drivers


Power Factor
Lighting Power Supplies > 25W must have full PFC. Also <25W PFC needed to solve the problems related to harmonic distortion in multi power systems.
ENERGY STAR Program Requirements for Solid State Lighting Luminaries, Version 1.1: PF > 0.7 and > 0.9 respectively for Residential and Commercial.

Reliability
For high lifetime and MTBF (key advantage of LEDs), it is strongly recommended NOT using electrolytic capacitors, especially input ones (high voltage stress)

Retrofit lamp & bulb replacement


3-20W output power range solutions Space constrains (lamp housing) Compatibility with existing wall dimmers

Driving LEDs using AC-DC Solutions


3 to 10 W applications 10 to 75W applications 75W and up applications (street lighting)

MONOLITHIC

HIGH PF DISCRETE

HIGH PF + LLC

HVLED805, VIPerPlus)
DISCRETE

L6562A + MOSFET
CC/CV

L656x + MOSFET+RECTIFIER
CC/CV

L656xA/T + L6599A/T + MOSFET + SYNC/RECTIFIER

TSMxx,SEAxx
Key Benefits: Integrated Robust Miniaturized form factors

TSMxx, SEAxx
Key Benefits: Control and power section separated Post-regulation with dimming No limitation to the number of LEDs within a string Cost-effective solution Key Benefits: Extended temperature range Innovative zero voltage switching & resonant topology: efficiency > 92% Aggressive form factors

Driving LEDs using AC-DC Solutions


Isolated
150W
PFC
Resonant

Non Isolated
Buck
CC/CV

PFC
PFC

HV Buck
CC/CV

Flyback
CC/CV

Buck
CC/CV

HPF Flyback

Buck
CC/CV

HPF
Buck-Boost CC/CV

Flyback

Flyback
CC/CV

Buck
Buck-Boost CC/CV

3W

CC/CV

LED 3 10W = monolithic solution


HVLED805
Low components Isolated Primary side regulation CC/CV
Flyback
CC/CV

Viper + family
General auxiliary supply use Isolated or non isolated solution HPF flyback as option

HPF Flyback Flyback


CC/CV

Buck
Buck-Boost CC/CV

HVLED805
SOURCE CC/CV regulation with no SOURCE optocoupler Vcc 800V, avalanche rugged internal GND power MOSFET IREF ZCD/FB Internal HV start-up circuit COMP Quasi-resonant ZVS operation CDC Valley skipping at medium-light load , burst mode operation at noload for under 60 mW consumption Automatic self-supply Input voltage feedforward for mains-independent CC regulation

1 2 3 4

16 15

DRAIN
DRAIN DRAIN DRAIN N.C. N.A. N.A. N.A.

14
13 12 11 10 9

5
6 7 8

SO16N

Low quiescent current (<1mA) SO16 package


10

Improved BOM, Form Factor & Efficiency


Standard Isolated Solution
Sense resistor in series with LEDs
Vin Vout

Primary Side Regulation Solution with HVLED805


Auxiliary winding : - Vcc for HVLED805 - Constant Current ctrl

CC-CV RE GULATOR

PWM CONTROLLER GND

Constant Current Controller Opto-coupler for galvanic isolation LED current set by resistor

2 Ics + 1 Opto Rsense*I dissipation

Only one IC No secondary Rsense dissipation


11

Typical load regulation cv/cc


6

High voltage accuracy +/-2.5%


Output Voltage [V]

HV Startup is ON

0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Output Current [mA]


High current accuracy: +/-5%

12

Current Regulation Principle


Vin Is
AUXILIARY WINDING

Ts
IPpk
Iout Constant current

IREF
Demag . R TFW S Q R Ip

ISpk
t I c IREF Vc R TFW IREF t

V c

VC

Ic Rs

IC
Steady-state relationships valid in DCM only:

0 IREF -

Iout
IPpk

VC TFW R TS T 1 ISpk FW 2 TS VC ISpk


Rs n

Iout

n R IREF 2 Rs

Note: Iout not dependent on either Vin, Vout or Tsw

EVALHVLED805 - 5 W Applications: HVLED805 Primary Side Controlled Flyback Topology


L1 470uH AC IN R1 22 1W AC IN D1 STTH1L06A GND D2 LL4148 C4 2.2uF U1 R3 33K R5 10 C10 BR MB6S- RC C1 2.2uF 400V C2 2.2uF 400V C3 1nF R2 120K STPS1H100A C8 100uF Low ESR C9 100uF Low ESR T1 CORE E 13 D3 12V - 0.35A

R9 N.C.

ALTAIR05T HVLED805
VDD 2.5V FB/ZCD DRA IN CURRENT CONTROL

2.2nF

+ COMP IREF

GND

SOURCE

R4 5.6K C5 1nF

C6 470nF R6 10k

C7 4.7nF

R7 3.3

R8 10

o Input voltage range (VIN): 185 - 265 VAC o Main frequency (fL): 50 - 60 Hz o Maximum (rated) output power: 4.2 W o Output: IOUT = 350 mA 5% o Over voltage = 12 V max o Current ripple < 10% IOUT o Minimum switching frequency in o normal mode: 70 kHz o Target average efficiency (from 1 to 3 LEDs) > 70 % o Maximum input power in no-load < 100 mW

14

EVALHVLED805 - 5 W Applications: HVLED805 Primary Side Controlled Flyback Topology

Performance

15

Viper + Portfolio and Roadmap


30 24 7 4.5

Controller

VIPer07

VIPer17

VIPer27

VIPer37

VIPer05

VIPer15

VIPer25

VIPer35

VIPer28

VIPer38

VIPer06

VIPer16

VIPer26

4W
DIP7 SSO10

6W
DIP7 SO16N

12 W
DIP7 SO16N

15 W
SDIP10

SuperMESH Technology 800V avalanche rugged Power MOSFET

16

Main features
Basic features VIPer x7 VIPer x8 VIPer x5 VIPer x6

PWM operations with settable IDLIM


800V Avalanche Rugged

Fixed Frequency with Jittering

Quasi Resonant

Fixed Frequency with Jittering

Brown out

Extra Power Timer

Brown out

Internal OA - simple Non Isolated loop

Burst Mode

Over Voltage

No auxiliary

Over Temperature shut down

Over Load Delay

Feedback disconnection

Soft start 2 OCP

Auto restart (fixed time)

Peak current setting Auto restart

17

Using of current Lim feature for HPF

Max peak current is programmed by external Resistor Rlim This pin can be used to modulate peak current by input sin voltage => allows to achieve High Power Factor

18

3.5W and 7W high PF Off-line LEDs driver schematic

ALTERNATIVES - No PF required removal of component capacitance - No isolation required optocoupler available) , then input Elcap necessary and lower output removal and Vipx6 family usage (op-amp
19

3 to 10 W Applications: VIPerPlus High Voltage Converters in Flyback Topology

Power Factor Correction ( >

0.9 )

3.5W ( 350mA ) with VIPer17 and 7W (700mA) with VIPer27 90 - 265Vrms Input voltage range Open / Short circuit protection No High voltage electrolytic capacitors Optional low voltage electrolytic capacitor >80 % Efficiency

EVLVIP27-7WLED AN3212

20

7W high PF Off-line LEDs driver LEDs current ( 700mA no e_caps )


Vac = 115V PF = 99% Vac = 230V PF = 96%

CH4(green) = Iout, CH3(red) = Vout, CH1(brown) = Vdrain

21

7W high PF Off-line LEDs driver LEDs current ( 700mA with 1000uF )


Vac = 115V PF = 99% Vac = 230V PF = 97%

CH4(green) = Iout, CH3(red) = Vout,

CH1(brown) = Vdrain

22

3 to 10 W Applications: VIPerPlus High Voltage Converters in Flyback or Buck Topology


Key features Single package approach: integrated robust sophisticated High power factor > 0.7 No high voltage el-cap usage Main benefits Miniaturized form factors Easy design

Compliant to energy saving regulations High reliability (extended MTBF)

VIPerPlus high voltage converters in flyback topology, associated to TSM1052, constant voltage, constant current controller ( or new CC/CV controller SEA05). Buck topology for not isolated applications with low cost current control circuit

Evaluation board STEVAL-ILL017V1 STEVAL-ILL026V1 EVLVIP17-5WCHG

Application note AN2811 AN2961 AN2840

Description Not Isolated Flyback constant current source with VIPer17HN 3W not-isolated off-line LED driver based on VIPer22AS Constant current output Viper17 flyback converter

23

LED Middle power (10W to 70W)


L6562,3,4 (PFC chip)
PFC converter HPFF Buck converter
PFC HPF Flyback Buck
Buck-Boost CC/CV

Flyback
CC/CV

Buck
CC/CV

24

STM PFC Chips Roadmap


C C M

L4981A/B
AVG CURRENT MODE PFC
Input voltage Feed-forward Load Feed-forward Progr. Turn-On Threshold OVP & Over-current Protection

L6562A enhanced Input volt. Feedforward PWM interface

L6564
TM PFC

T M

L6562A
L6562
IMPROVED TM PFC TM PFC
L6562 enhanced Lower CS threshold L6561 New gate driver L6561 pin-to-pin TM PFC Higher efficiency at Improved THD 8pin Extended supply range light load OVP stat./dyn. Powerful gate driver

L6563/S
ADVANCED TM PFC

L6563/H
High voltage start-up

TBO FDBK disconnection Brownout Reduced consumption PWM interface Input volt. Feedforward

25

Features & Block Diagram L6562A


INV COMP
ERROR AMPLIFIER 0.45 V 0.2 V + VREF = 2.5V 1V

MULT 3
MULTIPLIER AND THD OPTIMIZER

CS 4

TRANSITION MODE PFC CONTROLLER

1
DIS +

LEADING-EDGE BLANKING + PWM COMPARATOR VCC

Precise Internal Reference (1% @25C) 1.1V Current Sense threshold DIGITAL Leading-edge blanking on Current Sense Disable function on FB input Ultra Low Start-up Current (<60A) Low Quiescent Current (2.5mA typ.) ZCD input for TM Two-level OVP Protection THD optimizer circuit Extended supply voltage range -600 / +800mA totem pole gate driver with pull-down and voltage clamp Package: DIP-8/SO-8

VOLTAGE REGULATOR

OVERVOLTAGE DETECTION DYN OVP STAT OVP

VCC

8
INTERNAL SUPPLY BUS 25 V UVLO + VREF2

R Q S DRIVER & CLAMP

GD

DIS 1.4 V 0.7 V ZERO CURRENT DETECTOR

Starter stop

6
+
-

GND

LOWER & UPPER CLAMPS

STARTER

5 ZCD

APPLICATIONS: PFC PRE-REGULATORS FOR: ELECTRONIC BALLAST EC61000-3-2 COMPLIANT SMPS (FLAT-TV, DESKTOP PC, MONITOR, GAMES) HI-END AC-DC ADAPTER/CHARGER

26

STM PFC Chips Roadmap


L6563/S
ADVANCED TM PFC

L6562A
TM PFC

+ +

TBO FDBK disconnection Brownout Reduced consumption PWM interface Input volt. Feedforward High Voltage Start up

L6563/H
High voltage start-up

= = =

L6563/S
ADVANCED TM PFC

L6564
TM PFC

L6562A
TM PFC

+ +

Input volt. Feedforward PWM interface

L6562AT
TM PFC

L6562A
TM PFC

Extended thermal range

27

Application of L6562A family in LED


PFC
Transition mode PFC up to 150W for WR FOT up to 3kW
Evaluation board EVL6562A-LED Application note AN2983 Description Constant current inverted buck LED driver using L6562A Modified buck converter for LED applications 32W High PF Flyback offline + RGGB LED driver with LED channel brightness regulation 35 W wide-range high power factor flyback converter demonstration board using the L6562A 80W off-line LED driver with dimming based on L6562A

EVL6562A-LED

AN2928

STEVAL-ILL019V1

UM0926

HPFF (High Power Factor Flyback)


Simple isolated solution up to 50W

EVL6562A35WFLB

AN2838

STEVAL-ILL13V1

Buck
Modified Buck converter
STEVAL-ILL27V1/2

AN2928 UM0670

AN3111

18 W single-stage offline LED driver based on L6562A LED driver for an A19 lamp based on the L6562A for USA market

STEVAL-ILL034V1

AN3256

28

PFC: transition mode (TM) control


Variable switching frequency, constant TON Operation close to the boundary between continous and discontinuous conduction mode, @ZVS Peak current mode control, simple, low-cost.
ON

IL

IAC

Suitable for lower power levels (< @150W approximately)

OFF MOSFET

VCC

ZCD RECTIFIED MAINS MULT

COMP

INV

L6561 L6562A L6564 L6563x (*)


GND CS

(*) L6563: 14 pin IC with advanced logic

GD

29

10 to 50 W Applications: Transition Mode PFC in Isolated Flyback and inverted Buck Topology

HPF Flyback Section: Line voltage range: 90 to 265 VAC Power factor (load = 50 %): 0.9 minimum Minimum efficiency: 85 % at full load inverted buck section: CC operation up to 600 kHz Fixed-Off-Time Peak-Current-Mode control No sub-harmonic oscillation No need for slope compensation High-efficiency (>90% with 6+ LEDs) Ripple current is constant also when input and output ( n. LED )voltage change Very deep dimming (<1% @250 Hz) due to IC immediate restart Up to 200 V LED driving capability

30

35W Isolated HPFF and inverted Buck Topology


L6562A, transition mode power factor corrector in flyback topology. associated to TSM1052, constant voltage, constant current controller (or new CC/CV controller SEA 01 coming soon) for single LED columns Associated to inverted buck converter based on L6562A or DC/DC converter for multiple LED columns Key features High power factor fly-back topology supported > 0.9 Control and power section separated Post-regulation with dimming solution High output voltage Main benefits Compliant to energy saving regulations Suitable for high power size Design flexibility Dimmable solutions No limitation to the number of LEDs within a string

Based on cheap controller and MOSFETs


Ideal for:

Cost-effective solution

Single /Multiple LED columns

STEVAL-ILL019V1

UM0926
31

L6562A Isolated High PF AC/DC LEDs Driver 35W: EVL6562A-35WFLB

SuperMESH3 MOSFET
32

Inverted (modified) Buck Topology

STEP-DOWN based on low voltage controller


VIN
D
DIODE spec VRRM > VIN IAVG = I LED x (1 D) MOS spec VDss > VIN IRMS2 = I LED2 x D

nVLED

L
M
INDUCTANCE charges on VIN nVLED discharges on nVLED

I LED M D M

33

Transition Mode PFC in Inverted Buck Topology

STEP-DOWN based on low voltage controller


VIN 48 VDC
C6

PWR GND
D1 LED

350 mA

VCC 15V
C2 VCC R2 R7 M1

L1

GND

L6562A GD L6563A CS INV


COMP MULT ZCD R3 R4

ON time limited by peak current

R8 DIMMING 1 (PWM 250HZ VARIABLE DUTY ) D3 R5 R9 D4 C7 R6 C5

D2

I LED

FIX OFF time


34

L6562A DC-DC Inverted Buck Improvement


By adding the connection marked in red, makes the output current ripple NOT DEPENDENT on the how many LEDs are supplied. Being K = R4/ R+R4 and already It is possible to demonstrate that ILED = (VCS K Vin)/Rs fixed K from the former equation, Where : it is possible to determine R4 and VCS = Current Sense Threshold Voltage K = (TOFF Rs)/ 2 L1 calculate R Rs = R8 in the below schematics
VIN 48 VDC
C6 D1

LED

PWR GND
L1

VCC 15V 10%

VCC C3 C2 R3 D3 R2

GND GD

R7 M1 R4 R8

INV MULT COMP ZCD D2

L6562A CS

Compensation resistor size


R

R5 R9 D4 C7 R6 C5

EVL6562A-LED AN2983 + AN2928


35

80 W and up Applications (Street Lighting): PFC Boost + inverted Buck Converter


HIGH POWER FACTOR BOOST CONVERTER
Vin = 88V to 265V ac
Input Filter

MODIFIED BUCK CONVERTER

STTH1L06

400V
STP8NM50FP STPSC806D

80W LOAD

PF controller L6562A

PF controller L6562A

STF9NM50N

HIGH POWER FACTOR BOOST CONVERTER: Transition mode operation Wide input voltage range 88V to 265V ac Regulated output voltage 400V MODIFIED BUCK CONVERTER: Continuous conduction mode operation Fix Off Time (FOT) network designed LED current setting 350mA, 700mA and 1A

PWM GENERATOR
Microcontroller ST7LITEU05

PWM GENERATOR PWM frequency 250Hz 0% to 100% DC variation Input voltage 3.3V to 35V Knob for regulation

STEVAL-ILL013V1 AN2928, UM0670


36

L6562A: HPF Buck-Boost & Inverse Buck


Key features Buck-Boost topology Transition Mode Operation Main benefits Simple Low Cost Lower Switching Losses Spread of EMI Spectrum Compliant to energy saving regulations. Suitable for residential lighting Robust

HPF Buck Boost

High power factor > 0.8 Open Load Protection Short Circuit Protection

Evaluation board STEVAL-ILL027V1

Application note AN3111

Description 18 W single-stage offline LED driver LED driver for an A19 lamp based on the L6562A for USA market

STEVAL-ILL034V1

AN3256

HPF Inverse Buck

37

STEVAL-ILL027V1
470nF/~305V ac L1 20mH P2 2 1 C8 C10 3 4 C9 1 150nF

2 +

470nF/~305V ac

D1

R12 100K

R15 500K

LED -

~305V ac
1

R16 100K

R9 500K

C1 100uF/100V

R14 100K

LED +
D8 D7

STTH1R06A

T1 STTH3R06A

C5 2.2uF/50V

C6 NC

C7 1nF/50V

R3 12K R4 12K

U1 R7 130K R8 100K 2 COMP

L6562AD 5

D3

NC

MULT

VCC

ZCD GD

R5 7

33R

CS

INV

GND

1 R10 20K

Q1 STD11NM50N R6 2R7 R11 2R7

38

STEVAL-ILL027V1
470nF/~305V ac L1 20mH P2 2 1 C8 C10 3 4 C9 1 150nF

2 +

470nF/~305V ac

D1

R12 100K

R15 500K

LED -

~305V ac
1

R16 100K

R9 500K

C1 100uF/100V

R14 100K

LED +
D8 D7

STTH1R06A

T1 STTH3R06A

C5 2.2uF/50V

C6 NC

C7 1nF/50V

R3 12K R4 12K

U1 R7 130K R8 100K 2 COMP

L6562AD 5

D3

NC

MULT

VCC

ZCD GD

R5 7

33R

CS

INV

GND

1 R10 20K

Q1 STD11NM50N R6 2R7 R11 2R7

39

LED High power (>70 80W) isolated


L6562,3,4 (PFC chip) + L6599A(T)
PFC converter Resonant converter (isolation)

PFC

Resonant

Buck
CC/CV

40

80 W and up Applications (Street Lighting): Transition Mode PFC + Resonant Controller


MAIN FEATURES: Wide input mains range (85 to 305 Vac) Output voltage: 48V @ 2.7 A Efficiency: >90% @ 115Vac Full load No-load consumption 0.3W @ 230Vac Long life, high MTBF (No EL-CAPS) Mains harmonics: according to EN61000-3-2, JEITA-MITI EMI: meets EN50022 Class B Safety: meets EN60950 MIXED PTH/SMT FOR LABOR COST REDUCTION, 1 heat-sink only required (for input bridge) PCB double layer 90x170 mm Maximum height: 30 mm

Ideal for: Multiple LED columns

Evaluation board EVL130W-SL-EU

Application note AN3105

Description 48V-130W Led Street Lighting SMPS based on L6562AT & L6599AT for European input mains range 48V-130W Led Street Lighting SMPS based on L6562AT & L6599AT for wide input mains range 90W PFC + Resonant CV SMPS

EVL130W-STRLIG

AN3106

STEVAL-ISC002V1

41

Resonant Converter: LLC Circuit


f 1 m 2 2 kC

1
3

a
2.5 M x kC 0 M x kC 0.5 Qmax M x kC 2 Qmax M 2

Capacitve region Current leading (ZCS)

Q=0 (open output)

Inductive region Current lagging (ZVS)

k=5
ZVS-ZCS borderline

a Vout x kC QVin max


1

Q=0.19
1.5

M x kC 10

Q=0.38
1

3 reactive elements, 2 resonant frequencies

B x kC

Iout

Resonance: Load-independent point All curve have slope = -1/ k


1

fr1

2 1
0.5

k k

Ls Cr 1

f r1

f r2
0 0.1

Q=0.76

Q=10
1 x 10

fr2

( Ls Lp) Cr

f r2

f r1

42

Resonant Converter : LLC Circuit & Features


LLC features

Q1 Vin
Half-bridge Driver

Cr

Ls

Center-tapped output with full-wave rectification (low voltage and high current) Vout

Multi-resonant LLC tank circuit High efficiency:>96% achievable

Q2

Lp

Variable frequency control Fixed 50% duty cycle for Q1 & Q2

LLC tank circuit

AC/DC Stage

SuperMESH3
MDmesh II FDmesh II
Preferably integrated into a single magnetic structure Single-ended output with bridge rectification (high voltage and low current)

Vout

Dead-time between LG and HG to allow MOSFETs ZVS @ turn-on fsw fr, sinusoidal waveforms: low turn-off losses, low EMI Equal voltage & current stress for secondary rectifiers; ZCS, then no recovery losses No output choke; cost saving Integrated magnetics: both Ls can be realized with the transformer.

43

L6599A: an IC to remember
50% Duty Cycle, variable frequency control of ZVS resonant Half Bridge (HB) Up to 500KHz operating frequency Superior stand-by performance
Burst-mode operating at light load Direct interface with PFC controller Two-level OCP: frequency-shift and latched shutdown Latched disable input Input for brownout protection or power ON/OFF sequencing
SO16N DIP16

High performance protections


Non linear soft-start for monotonic output voltage rise High accuracy oscillator 600V rail compatible high side gate driver with integrated bootstrap diode and high dV/dt immunity 300/800 mA high side and low side gate drivers with UVLO pull-down Available in PDIP16 and SO16N packages
Application note AN2450 AN2644 Description LLC resonant half-bridge converter design guideline An introduction to LLC resonant halfbridge converter

44

Interface with PWM/QR Controller


PFC PRE-REGULATOR DC-DC CONVERTER

L6563, L6564
Vinac

Voutdc

PWM is turned OFF in

OUT PWM_LATCH PWM_STOP

case of PFC's anomalous operation


L6563 can be turned OFF

PWM

L6563/4

PFC_OK RUN

at light load for energy saving

PFC FAULT:
Low input voltage Feedback disconnection Transformer saturation RUN

Reduced consumption PWM stopped ( NOT LATCHED) PWM_STOP


Reduced consuption PWM stopped (LATCHED) PWM_LATCH

PFC_OK
CS

47

Digital Constant Current Controller for multi-string LED driving e.g. Streetlight
Description & purpose: complete platform (HW/SW) for LED multi-string constant current control based on an innovative methodology (Patent Submitted) Key Features:
Input DC Bus Voltage:48V LED String independent average current control inverted Buck Topology System Power: 4x30W max Switching freq. 60kHz LED current ripple <10% Global dimming from 0% to 100% at 225Hz High Efficiency Cost effective

48V

30W

PWM-3

30W

PWM-2

ADC-3

30W

ADC-2

Key Benefits: Key Products: STM8S208RB STPS1L60, STN3NF06 Application:


LED Streetlight LED Driving

ADC-1 PWM-1

PWM-4

ADC-4

30W

48

Digital current control based on STM8 / STM32


Triangular Carrier (Center aligned pattern)
OC Register

PWM Average current

Vsense

ADC sampling @ Ton/2

Key Advantages:
Inductor current reconstruction with fine resolution (<=3%)
Cost effective, high performance with real average current control No passive components for filtering

Gate Signal

49

Solution Architecture: 120W LED Street-light and high power 4 channel LED

VIN

30W

30W

30W

48V

PWM1

PWM-2 ADC-2

PWM-3 ADC-3

ADC-1 PWM-1

STM8S20xx Microcontroller

PWM-4 ADC-4

30W

50

From Idea to Demoboard: LED Current Controller STM8S-based Four LED Outputs
Reset

STM8S

Trimmer for dimming

Vin=48V
BOM List:
STM8S208RB STN3NF06L STPS3L60

VuC=5V
Joystick for control setting

STEVAL-ILL031V1 AN3151
51

Multi String Current Control Method

Cyclical update of the PI controller output for the 4 channels

52

Off-line LED drivers: Evaluation boards summary (1/2)

Solutions available and technical documentations


P/N Order Code Vin (VAC) Iout (mA) Vout (VDC) Comments AN

VIPER12A (*)

STEVAL-ILL005V1

85 to 265

350 & 700 & 1050

3.5 to 15

Flyback constant current source

AN1916

VIPER22A (*)

STEVAL-ILL001V1

85 to 135 or 185 to 265

350

3.5 to 28

Flyback dimmable

AN2042

VIPER17HN(*)

STEVAL-ILL017V1

176 to 265

500

7 Vmax

Not Isolated Flyback constant current source Buck constant current source

AN2811

VIPER22A

STEVAL-ILL026V1

85 to 265

350

0 to 40

AN2961

(*) plus TSM10x

53

Off-line LED drivers: Evaluation boards summary (2/2)

Solutions available and technical documentations


P/N Order Code Vin (VAC) Iout Vout (VDC) Comments AN

L6562A

STEVAL-ILL016V2

120Vac20%

700mA

40Vmax

15W HP Flyback constant current source

AN2711

L6562A

EVL6562A-35WFLB

90 to 265

700mA

48V

35W HP Flyback constant current source 80W PFC Boost + Modified buck converter 130W PFC Boost + LLC LED SMPS 18W single stage off-line LED driver

AN2838

L6562A

STEVAL-ILL013V1

85 to 265

350mA, 700mA or 1A

400V

AN2928 UM0670

L6562AT L6599AT

EVL130W-STRLIG

85 to 305

2.7A

48V

DRAFT

L6562A

STEVAL-ILL027V1

120Vac10%

350mA

54V

DRAFT

L6562A

STEVAL-ILL019V1

85 to 265

4x350mA

48V

32W off-line RGGB LED driver


Downstreem Inverted Buck CC

UM0926

L6562A

EVL6562A-LED

48V (+/-20%)

350mA

Up to Vin

AN2928 54

Presentation Outlook
ST LED Driver Product Range - overview
1. Energy-Efficient Solutions for LED Lighting
Off-Line LED Drivers DC-DC Converters based Solutions

2. ST Solutions for Video Display / Matrix drivers 3. ST Solutions for Communication in Lighting

55

Driving LEDs using DC-DC Switching Regulators

DC BUS powered applications

Battery powered applications

Up to 48 V

Single & multiple Li-Ion, Ni-MH and alkaline battery systems Automotive battery range

LED770x L7987/8 up to L598x L7980/1 L7985/6


63 V in development

LED770x

PM6600

A597x

L692x L6920 STCF07

L597x

L6902

L692x

ST1S10

L6726A*

STLA02

* PWM Controller
Buck topology (Typical) Boost topology for multi-rows applications Boost topology Buck Boost topology

LED770x: boost topology


MAIN FEATURES: Vin = 4.5 to 36 V Maximum RMS switch current: 2.5A Parallelable channels for higher current (LED7707) LED current: up to 85mA/ch (LED7707) Channel to channel current mismatch: 2% Up to 20kHz PWM dimming (1%-100%, LED7706)
Slope Compensation

Ideal for: Consumer: mid to large size LCD TV, MNT Automotive: navigation displays and dash board Evaluation Board STEVAL-ILL020V1 Application note AN2809 Description LED7706: 6-row / 30-mA LED driver with boost converter for the backlight of LCD panels LED7707: 6-row 85 mA LED driver with boost converter for LCD panel backlighting

Industrial: lighting, displays, emergency lighting

STEVAL-ILL021V1

AN2810

PM660x: Monolithic LED Driver Family for Mobile PC LCD Panel Backlighting
Key features Up to 6/8 ROWs with 30 mA max current capability (adj.) ROW disable option Internal Power MOSFET LED failure (open and short circuit detection) Soft-start, Programmable OVP protection, Thermal shutdown 500 ns minimum dimming time (1% minimum dimming dutycycle at 20kHz) 2 % current matching between rows Pulse-skip power saving mode at light load Main benefits Great flexibility in the application coverage of all the mobile PC screen size (8-17) Save application cost and real estate Full and flexible fault management

Compact, flexible and cost effective solutions capable to drive up to 80 LEDs, with PWM or SMBUS interface

Superior brightness uniformity, with tight current matching

Ideal for:
Notebook/ Netbook/ Nettop Ceramic output capacitor supported Housed in QFN4x4 24L package

Longer battery life and new energy regulation compliancy (VESA-NEBL) Save BOM cost Compactness

PM6600: Typical application circuit


Monolithic solution with BOOST and 6 embedded rows drivers, capable to drive up to 60 LED.s Main applications: Notebook/ Netbook/ Nettop

Ideal for: Wide input voltage range (4.7V-28V) Up to 10 white LEDs per row High efficiency (>90%) Current capability per row up to 30mA , 2 % current matching between rows

Design-support material Evaluation board STEVAL-ISA056V1 Documentation, application components calculation ws

Description 6 rows - 30 mA LEDs driver with boost converter for notebook pc LCD panels backlight based on PM6600 Available on request

PM6602: Typical application circuit

Monolithic solution with BOOST and 8 embedded rows drivers, capable to drive up to 80 LED. PWM/SMBUS interface is adjustable.
Main applications: Notebook/Netbook/Nettop

Ideal for: Wide input voltage range (3.3 V-28 V) Up to 10 white LEDs per row High efficiency (>90%) Current capability per row up to 30mA , 2 % current matching between rows SMBUS/PWM interface Design-support material Evaluation board & Application Note Description Available on request

STLA02 20mA Boost LED Driver for Backlight


L

VIN
CIN VIN

LX VOUT STLA02 EN/PWM RFB

Key features Input Voltage Range 2.5V To 12V


ILED

Main benefits Suitable for portable devices powered by a single cell Li-Ion battery

FB

GND

2.3 Mhz Fixed Frequency


Less than 1A Stand-by Current

Small Inductor
Longer battery life

PWM Input Brightness Control with 300:1 Dimming Range Internal Soft Start Ceramic output capacitor supported Package DFN 2x2 6L

Tight Dimming capability No Inrush Current) Save BOM cost Compactness

Ideal for: Small LCD Display Backlight (7), Keyboard Backlight

E.S. Available

Driving LEDs with L597x family: alternative topologies: Positive Buck-Boost

L5973D

#LED limited by: IOUT,MAX = 2A =>

ILED,MAX
ILED

1 D A IOUT,MAX
VFB RS 1 R2 R1 VREF R2 RS R1
Max # LED ILED=350mA ILED=500mA Vin=12V 10 6 Vin=24V 17 10

LED Accuracy: +4.5% and -4.78% with VSENSE=525mV DA is the actual duty cycles considering power losses

Rough Estimation from calculus: VF=3.5V, fsw=250kHz, L=47uH

L7980/1: up to 28 V, 3 A monolithic step-down


Key features More than 3A in small QFN3x3-8L or in HSOP8 package P-channel power MOS Main benefits Minimum external component count Compactness No bootstrap capacitor required 100% duty cycle Save application cost Flexibility of the application (5 V, 12 V buses) Compatible with MR16 standard Small output filter Small input cap

Wide input voltage range (4.5 V up to 28 V)

Ideal for: Driving up to 6 LEDs with Vin up to 28 V

General lighting/ MR16 halogen bulb replacement

Adjustable switching frequency (250 KHz, adj up to 1 MHz) Synchronization capability (180 out of phase) Internal Soft-start Inhibit pin Suitable for MLCC output filter

No inrush current Energy saving Small & cheap Cout

L7985/6 up to 38V in development

Application IDEA for LED-MR16 retrofit lamps: L7980 evaluation board

L7980

L7980

0.6V

0.42V

0.18V

Functionalities
High switching frequency to ensure compactness Significant efficiency improvement by reducing the voltage reference to less than 200mV Very low current ripple to improve LED lifetime High reliability thanks to convection cooling

ST1CC40 what is it ?
ST1CC40 , step down constant current LED driver in small outline
Input Voltage range 3.5V 18V Output current 3A peak Synchronous Rectification to increase efficiency Fedback Voltage Vfb for current sensing very low value 100 mV thus minimising losses on sensing resistor. LED current = V fb / R sense PWM dimming achieved by toggling Inhibit / DIM pin with square wave of variable duty cycle

package

Fixed Switching Frequency 800 kHz Extra Functions Inhibit - Voltage on pin V > 1.2V device ON ; V <0.4V device OFF Cycle by cycle over current protection Thermal protection Internal Soft start to reduce inrush current at start up Package VFQFPN8 4x4 ; SO8

Typical Application Circuit

65

Driving LEDs usign DC-DC converters: Evaluation Boards Summary


Part Number L5973D Order Code STEVAL-ILL007V1 Vin Ioutmax 1A Comments High Intensity LED driver for MR-16 format based on L5973D Cree LED Flashlight with L6920D High Intensity LED Dimming Driver based on L6902 High Brightness Linear LED Driver based on STC1A LEDs Driver with Boost Converter for LCD Panels Backlight LEDs Driver with Boost Converter for LCD Panels Backlight Buck synchronous LED Driver for high current LED based on L6726A + MOSfets White LED Controller in Boost topology Constant current inverted Buck LED driver AN AN2559

12Vac 12V to 24V dc


1V to 3V 8V to 30V 4.5V to 40V

L6920D L6902 STCS1A

STEVAL-IILL008V1 STEVAL -ILL010V1 STEVAL-ILL014V1

350mA 350mA up to 1.5A 20mA per channel 60mA per channel

AN1941 AN2129 UM0422

LED7706

STEVAL-ILL020V1

4.5V to 32V

AN2809

LED7707

STEVAL-ILL021V1

4.5V to 32V

AN2810

L6726A

STEVAL-ILL023V1

8V to 18V

1A / 1.5A / 2.8A

UM0677

STLD40D L6562A

STEVAL-TLL001V1 EVL6562A-LED

3V to 5.5V 48V

up to 20mA 350mA

AN2333 AN2928

Buck Converters LED Driver Summary

Buck- Boost Converters LED Driver Summary

Boost Converters LED Driver Summary

eDesignStudio: what is it? eDesign studio is a SW platform that helps and speeds-up the design-in of STMicroelectronics products for power conversion applications:
AC-DC conversion DC-DC conversion AC-DC LED driving* DC-DC LED driving*

*coming soon on www.st.com

The new, easy power management design tool

Where to find it
1. 2. 3. Go to st.com support tools & resources (see below arrows) SW tools simulators & CAE resources simulators Click on SMPS eDesign Studio on the next page Login on my.st.com (register yourself if not yet done)

It is also possible a direct access by typing

1 2

www.st.com/edesignstudio

The external version works only on-line. Nothing must/can be downloaded. UPgrades are guaranteed.

Presentation Outlook
ST LED Driver Product Range - overview
1. Energy-Efficient Solutions for LED Lighting
Off-Line LED Drivers DC-DC Converters based Solutions

2. ST Solutions for Video Display / Matrix drivers 3. ST Solutions for Communication in Lighting

72

Overview on Power Logic Applications


Arcade Gaming & Gambling Machine White Goods Large Panel / Signs Automotive Interior & Exterior Traffic Panels / Matrix Special Lighting
STP04CM05 STP08C/D05, STP16Cxxx05

LED Illumination for gaming / gambling machine Front Display Panels & LED Illumination for Washers, Ovens etc.

STP16Cxxx05

STP16CP/C05, STP16Dxx/S05, STP24DP05, STP1612PW05

Full-color, Monochrome Highresolution Large Displays Dashboards, Car Radios, signal lights, CHMSL and other lighting applications

STP08CP05, STPIC6C/D595

STP08/16Dxxx05, STP24DP05

Traffic Variable Message Signs (VMS), variable speed limit signs, parking guidance systems LED Lighting applications from architectural to special illuminations (mood lighting) LCD panels Backlighting

Back-Lighting
STP1612PW05 STP16PWL05

73

LED drivers Power Logic


ST provides a wide range of High-Innovative-Performance products for Design needs to drive LEDs. The STPxxyy05 is the excellent solution to extract maximum performances from LED application.

Main Applications require manipulation of LED current and time to produce images:
Mono-Multi-Full-Colour LED display/signs Traffic-Backlighting Display Gaming Machine and White goods Architectural Lighting
SERIA L OUT RCK

__ G ____
CLR SRCK SERIA L IN

Shift Register (serial to parallel)

Enable and Latch

Typical application

PG ND

Series STPxxyy05
KEY Features:
SPI interfaces, PWM, Current Gain LEDs driving constant current (except STPIC6C/D595) full output error detection, auto power shutdown 4,8,16,24 Channel drivers 1 to 400 mA driver current range per channel
74

Power DMOS O/Ps

Key Advantages:
High accuracy on current driving Footprint Compatible for 8 and 16 channel Extended temperature range -40 to 125C

STP08/16xxy05 8/16 channels, 5-100mA LED drivers


OUT 0 OUT 1 OUT 15

R-EXT

Thermal shutdown

Analog stage

Open/Short Circuit Detector


OE/DM2

LE/DM1

Control logic

Latch and Enable

Power saving detection


SDO

SDI CLK

16 bit shift register

76

STPxxyy05 summary
ILED Part Number STP04CM05 STP08CP05 STP08DP05 STP16CP05 STP16CPS05 STP16DP05 STP16DPS05 STP16CPP05 STP16CPPS05 STP16DPP05 STP16DPPS05 STP16CPC05 STP24DP05 STP1612PW05 N ch 4 8 8 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 24 16 ILED (mA) 80 400 5 100 5 100 5 100 5 100 5 100 5 100 3 40 3 40 3 40 3 40 5 100 5 80 3 60
Between bits Between ICs

Error detection

Auto Power Saving

Balanced Turn ON/OFF

Staggered output delay

1%

(80400mA)

6% 3% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 2% 2% 2% 5% 6% 6%

1.5% (20100mA) 1.5% (20100mA) 1.5% (20100mA) 1.5% (20100mA) 1.5% (20100mA) 1.5% (20100mA) 1.2% 1% 1% 1% 1.5% 6% 3% 1.5%
(540mA) (540mA) (540mA) (540mA) (20100mA) (515mA) (1580mA) (360mA)


77

STP24DP05 24 channels, 5-80mA LED driver


Main features
8 x 3 Channel groups of constant current output channels Adjustable output current through one external resistor for each group of 8channel (5-80mA) Short and Open Output Error Detection Serial Data IN / Parallel Data OUT Gradual output delay (30ns for each group RGB) Low voltage power supply (3V to 5.5V) Thermal Shutdown with flag pin 25MHz Clock Frequency
5v 3.3v
Temperature Sensor

LED Block

SPI

R1..8 G1..8 B1..8

STP24DP05
OER/G/B DM

Application
Full-color High Resolution LED Display Colored Traffic Signs

LE

78

STP1612PW05 16 channels, 3-60mA LED driver, 12/16 bit Gray-scale, 8-bit current gain control Main features
16 constant current output channels Adjustable output current through one external resistor (3-60mA) Selectable 12/16-bit gray-scale brightness control Selectable enhanced PWM for ghost effect reduction Short and open LED detection 8-bit current gain control, 256 steps in two selectable ranges Gradual output delay (40ns for each group of 4 channels) Selectable 16-bit/256-bit serial data in format 30MHz clock frequency
VLED

SPI out1

out2 ... out16

STP1612PW05
OE DM LE

REXT

Applications
Video display LED panels RGB backlighting Special lighting
79

Energy-Efficient Solutions for LED Lighting: Brochure

http://www.st.com/stonline/products/promlit/pdf/brlig

Presentation Outlook
ST LED Driver Product Range - overview
1. Energy-Efficient Solutions for LED Lighting
Off-Line LED Drivers DC-DC Converters based Solutions

2. ST Solutions for Video Display / Matrix drivers 3. ST Solutions for Communication in Lighting

81

What is DMX 1/2


DMX = Digital MultipleX
for remote control of advanced lighting system, including motorized lamps to set light intensity, light color, lamp rotation for Wired Communication systems (twisted pairs + RS485 as PHY) in Theatre Stage Lighting, Exhibition Lighting

82

What is DMX 2/2


DMX512 uses asynchronous data transmission up to 250kBd/s (to dimmers, scanner, motorized decoder). Serial transmission and daisy chain configuration up to 512 nodes (so called DMX universe) with max time 22ms (no delay visible) The multiple receivers are connected to the DMX host in a daisy-chain manner and every packet goes through every receiver. Very simple protocol only 8bit data one after another

7x DMX channels 0 Lamp Intensity 1 Rotation X Axis (Course) 2 Rotation X Axis (Fine) 3 Tilt Y Axis (Course) 4 Tilt Y Axis (Fine) 5 Color Selection 6 Gobo Selection Lamp example

83

STEVAL-ILL030V1 - description
Ref. design and DMX512 communications protocol algorithm based on STM32
Follows DMX512 2008 Standard as well as timing constraints Configuration of a single board mode as transmitter, receiver or standalone LED Intensity Control using a 120Hz PWM from 0% to 100% Connection to multiple receivers up to 512 to a single host controller False packets rejection, reset sequence timing checking Two on-board 3W LEDs and jumper option for driving external LEDs

Documentation:
UM1004 (user manual) DMX512 based LED lighting solution UM0792: Demonstration firmware for the DMX-512 communication protocol transmitter based on the STM32F103Zx UM0791: Demonstration firmware for the DMX-512 communication protocol receiver based on the STM32F103Zx SW code (.hex) available with the board. The application source (IDE IAR Embedded Workbench) is available only on request and it is covered by license agreement. Key Product: STM32F103 LDS3985M33R (voltage reg) STCS1APUR ESDAULC6-3B6 (USB protection) STBP120AVDK6F (voltage prot.) ST485ABDR

Typical Applications: stage lighting Theaters Choreographic lighting automatic light systems

Board Purpose:

Make the DALI communication available also on STM8 microcontrollers and have a simple demonstrator. Allow targeting medium/small size customers for lighting control

DALI overview 1/3


What is DALI ?
DALI = Digital Addressable Lighting Interface for remote control of lighting devices (dimming, automatic on/off switching) DALI advantages:
simple wiring: use standards electrical installation cables (no special communication cables), no special wiring topology simple installation: cable polarity independency, light source addressing digital host control use low cost microcontrollers on light source side (minimize light source price)

DALI MEMBERS: ABB - ALTENBURGER ELECTRONIC - BAG - B.E.G. - BTICINO CABA - CEAG - DELMATIC - DIAL - DYNALITE - ECKERLE - eldoLED - ELTAM EIN HASHOFET - ERC - ERCO - ETAP - EUTRAC - FIFTH - GEWISS - GITRONICA GERARD LIGHTING - HADLER - HELVAR - HCO - INFRANET PARTNERS - INSTA - LIGHTOLIER - LUTRON - MACKWELL - ME ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS LTD. NIKO - OSRAM - PHILIPS LIGHTING - SANDER - SCEMTEC - SIMMTRONIC SPITTLER - SVEA - TCI - TRIDONIC - UNIVERSAL LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES VOSSLOH-SCHWABE - WAGO- XAL GmbH- ZUMTOBEL

85

DALI overview 2/3


Example of DALI devices connection:

Example of DALI wiring:

86

DALI overview 3/3


Typical application
A single control cable can be used to control several different groups of lamps.
Group 1: Halogen lamp on table Group 2: Circular Fluorescent Lamps Group 3: Halogen lamp on the walls Group 4: Halogen lamp near white Board Group 5: Halogen lamp behind

87

DALI Implementation
Gateway Ballast controller

Target of this marketing package

STEVAL-ILM001V1 - description
DALI communication interface - plug-in module for STM8S-Discovery
SW Library DALI physical layer (GPIO toggling) DALI stack New DALI standard compatible Example for STM8S-DISCOVERY HW module Isolated DALI interface Level translation for microcontroller Current consumption limiter

Documentation:

UM1032 (board) soon to be published AN3298 (SW Library) soon to be published SW code soon on www.st.com/stm8s -> Resources -> Firmware
Key Product: STM8 family STN1HNK60 STN93003 Typical Applications: Home/building automation Lighting Board Purpose:
Make the DALI communication available also on STM8 microcontrollers and have a simple demonstrator. Allow targeting medium/small size customers for lighting control

Note: STM8S-DISCOVERY is not included in the STEVAL-ILM001V1

SW Library
Main user application
Example for STM8S-Discovery

DALI stack layer


DALI commands implementation HW independent (easily portable to STM32)

IO pin driver
Physical and link layer of DALI interface (bit timing, bus error recovery control, DALI frames transmission/reception) Occupied resources:
2 GPIO pins selectable (RX and TX) + 1 GPIO interrupt 1 Timer4 (DALI protocol timing) + 1 Timer interrupt

90

HW interface module
Current limiter bipolar STN930003 Supply selection

Bridge for bipolar connection

Transmitter mosfet STN1HNK60

91

Driving Fluorescent Lamps


Analog ballasts without power factor control (CFLs) Analog ballasts with power factor control Advanced digital ballasts

Self oscillating (BIPOLARS)

Separate PFC part (L6562A + L6574 + MOSFETs) (L6562A + L6520 + MOSFET) Combo solution (L65685E + MOSFETs)

Analog Control
(L6520 + MOSFET) (L6520 + BIPOLARS)

Separate PFC part (TD22x + L638x + MOSFETs + STM8) Combo solution (L6382 + STM8)

92

L6520 New integrated ballast controller


Pulse Transformer
Cvcc Rst-up

H.V.

10 : (1,1)
Ccp

HS
1 FPRE VCC 8

PFC L6562A, passive PFC or directly from the main

2 EOL

Rpre
3 HBCS 4

L6520

HSD

CBLOCK

LSD

PWM_det

GND

LS ROUT2 ROUT1 RE1

LRES

CRES DZ1 DZ2 RE2 RHBCS

The L6520 can work directly from the rectified main, with a passive PFC or with the active PFC L6562A for the best performances
93

L6520 New integrated ballast controller


Cvcc Rst-up

H.V.

1 : (1,1)
Ccp

HS
1 FPRE VCC 8

2 EOL

Rpre
3 HBCS 4

L6520

HSD

CBLOCK

LSD

PWM_det

GND

LS

LRES

ROUT2

ROUT1

RE1 CRES

DZ1

DZ2 RE2 RHBCS

No change from BJTs to MOSFETs application apart form the Pulse Transformer

94

Internal Block Diagram


Hard Switching Storage time V supply, UVLO, startup

Drivers

End Of Life Current Control Circuit Programmable Preheating

The digital core allows to integrate all the functions and protections, minimizing the number of external components
95

THE END THANK YOU !