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Resep Tradisional untuk Menambah Daya Ingat Anak

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Opsi Sugi Lans Resep Tradisional untuk Menambah Daya Ingat Anak: Bahan: Don Piduh (Pegagan) segar 30 gram, temulawak 1 jari, madu secukupnya Cara meracik: Don Piduh dicuci bersih, temulawak dipotong tipis-tipis. Lalu masukkan dalam panci keramik dan rebus dalam 2 gelas air hingga tinggal setengahnya. Dinginkan dan tambahkan madu. Dianjurkan diminum sebelum makan. Tidak Suka 23 menit yang lalu

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Cok Sawitri basang tiss.....pikiran masih tiss....bayu mase tiss.....tiss....jeg ngeritis.... 21 menit yang lalu Suka

Sugi Lans Yen serius ne buin cara lebih gaya:


Please leave your valuable comments/feedback. If having problems posting them, then you can also contact me at .ThanksPadma 14 menit yang lalu Suka 1

Sugi Lans More serious on Piduh or Centella Asiatica on

Centella asiatica - Wi kipedi a, the free encyclopedi a Centella asiatica, commonly centella (Sinhala: , gotu kola in Sinhala, Ma...Lihat Selengkapnya 12 menit yang lalu Suka

Sugi Lans ca.jpg 12 menit yang lalu Suka

Sugi Lans 11 menit yang lalu Suka

DE RAuh Don piduh..??? 5 menit yang lalu Suka

F Malin Sutan Di MInang disebut Daun Pagago, konon sayur wajib di asrama Diniayah Putri Padang Panjang. 2 menit yang lalu Suka

Centella asiatica
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Centella asiatica

Scientific classification
















C. asiatica

Binomial name

Centella asiatica
(L.) Urban


Hydrocotyle asiatica L. Trisanthus cochinchinensis Lour. Centella asiatica, commonly centella (Sinhala: , gotu kola in Sinhala, Mandukaparni inSanskrit,kannada (). Tamil: , vallarai ? in Tamil), is a small, herbaceous, annual plant of the family Mackinlayaceae or subfamily Mackinlayoideae of family Apiaceae, and is native to India, Sri Lanka, northernAustralia, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Melanesia, Papua New Guinea, and other parts of Asia. It is used as amedicinal herb in Ayurvedic medicine, traditional African medicine, and traditional Chinese medicine. Botanical synonyms include Hydrocotyle asiatica L. and Trisanthus cochinchinensis (Lour.).


1 Descriptio n 2 Habitat 3 Culinary use 4 Medicinal effects 5 Research Papers 6 Other names 7 Folklore 8 Referenc es

9 External links

[edit]Description The stems are slender, creeping stolons, green to reddish-green in color, connecting plants to each other. It has longstalked, green, reniform leaves with rounded apices which have smooth texture with palmately netted veins. The leaves are borne on pericladial petioles, around 2 cm. The rootstock consists of rhizomes, growing vertically down. They are creamish in color and covered with root hairs. The flowers are pinkish to red in color, born in small, rounded bunches (umbels) near the surface of the soil. Each flower is partly enclosed in two green bracts. The hermaphrodite flowers are minute in size (less than 3 mm), with 5-6 corolla lobes per flower. Each flower bears five stamens and two styles. The fruit are densely reticulate, distinguishing it from species of Hydrocotyle which have smooth, ribbed or warty fruit. The crop matures in three months, and the whole plant, including the roots, is harvested manually. [edit]Habitat Centella grows along ditches and in low, wet areas. In Indian and Southeast Asian centella, the plant frequently suffers from high levels of bacterial contamination, possibly from having been harvested from sewage ditches.

Because the plant is aquatic, it is especially sensitive to pollutants in the water, which are easily incorporated into the plant.[1][2] [edit]Culinary


Centella is used as a leafy green in Sri Lankan cuisine, where it is called gotu kola. In Sinhalese gotu is translated as "conical shape" and kola as "leaf". It is most often prepared as malluma (), a traditional accompaniment to rice and curry, and goes especially well with vegetarian dishes, such as dhal, and jackfruit or pumpkin curry. It is considered quite nutritious. In addition to finely chopped gotu kola, malluma almost always contains grated coconut, and may also contain finely chopped green chilis, chili powder, turmeric powder and lime (or lemon) juice. A variation of the nutritious porridge known as kola kenda is also made with gotu kola by the Sinhalese people of Sri Lanka. Kola Kenda is made with very well-boiled red rice (with extra liquid), coconut milk and gotu kola, which is pureed. The porridge is accompanied with jaggery for sweetness. Centella leaves are also used in sweet "pennywort" drinks. In Indonesia, the leaves are used for sambai oi peuga-ga, an Aceh type of salad, and is also mixed into asinan in Bogor. In Vietnam and Thailand, this leaf is used for preparing a drink or can be eaten in raw form in salads or cold rolls. In Bangkok, vendors in the famous Jatujak Market sell it alongside coconut, roselle, crysanthemum, orange and other health drinks. In Malay cuisine the leaves of this plant are used for ulam, a type of Malay salad.[3] It is one of the constituents of the Indian summer drink thandaayyee. [edit]Medicinal


Centella is a mild adaptogen, is mildly antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antiulcerogenic, anxiolytic, nervine and vulnerary, and can act as a a cerebral tonic, a circulatory stimulant, and a diuretic.[4][5] Centella asiatica may be useful in the treatment of anxiety, and may be a promising anxiolytic agent in the future.[6] In Thailand, tisanes of the leaves are used as an afternoon stimulant.[7] A decoction of juice from the leaves is thought to relieve hypertension.[citation needed]A poultice of the leaves is also used to treat open sores. Richard Lucas claimed in a book published in 1966[8](second edition in 1979) that a subspecies "Hydrocotyle asiatica minor" allegedly from Sri Lanka also called fo ti tieng, contained a longevity factor called 'youth Vitamin X' said to be 'a tonic for the brain and endocrine glands' and maintained that extracts of the plant help circulation and skin problems.[9] However according to medicinal herbalist Michael Moore, it appears that there is no such subspecies and no Vitamin X is known to exist.[10] Several scientific reports have documented Centella asiatica's ability to aid wound healing[11],[12] which is responsible for its traditional use in leprosy. Upon treatment with Centella asiatica, maturation of the scar is stimulated by the

production of type I collagen. The treatment also results in a marked decrease in inflammatory reaction and myofibroblast production.[13] The isolated steroids from the plant also have been used to treat leprosy.[14][15] In addition, preliminary evidence suggests that it may have nootropiceffects.[16] Centella asiatica is used to revitalize the brain and nervous system, increase attention span and concentration,[17] and combat aging.[16] Centella asiatica also has antioxidant properties.

It works for venous insufficiency.[18] It is used in Thailand for opium detoxification.

Followers of Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra, commonly known as Satsangees, all over the world take one or two fresh leaves with plenty of water in the morning after morning rituals. This is prescribed by Sri Sri Thakur himself. 'Many reports show the medicinal properties of C. asiatica extract in a wide range of disease conditions, such as diabetic microangiopathy, edema, venous hypertension, and venous insufficiency ([19]. The role of C. asiatica extract in the treatment of memory enhancement and other neurodegenerative disorders is also well documented.[20] The first report concerning the antitumor property ofC. asiatica extract was on its growth inhibitory effects on the development of solid and ascites tumors, which lead to increased life span of tumor-bearing mice.[21] The authors also suggested the extract directly impeded the DNA synthesis. "In our study, C. asiatica extract showed an obvious dose dependent inhibition of cell proliferation in breast cancer cells."[22] [edit]Research




Other common names include:

Brahmi booti - Hindi ("chipped big bowl"- Chinese) Vallaarai - Tamil: Thankuni pata Gotu kola (Sri Lanka: ) Asiatic pennywort Indian pennywort Luei gong gen(, literally "thunder god's root", Chinese) Takip-kohol - Filipino[24] Antanan Manduki, divya, maha aushadhi - Ayurveda

Pegagan 'Pegaga Kula kud Bai bua bok () Brahmi (shared with Bacopa monnieri)[25] Rau m (mother vegetable) - Vietnamese Manimuni - Assamese: Saraswathi plant - Telugu: Ondelaga - Kannada: Ekpanni - Konkani: Kudakan or kudangal - Mayalam: / Yahong yahong (Philippines) - Korean

In India, it is popularly known by a variety of names: bemgsag, brahma manduki, brahmanduki, brahmi, ondelaga or ekpanni (south India, west India),sarswathi aku (Andhra Pradesh), gotu kola, khulakhudi, mandukparni, mandookaparni, or thankuni (Bengal), depending on region. North Bacopa monnieri is the more widely known Brahmi; both have some common therapeutic properties in Vedic texts and are used for improving memory. C. asiatica is calledbrahmi particularly in north India,[25][26] although that may be a case of mistaken identity introduced during the 16th century, when brahmi was confused withmandukaparni, a name for C. asiatica.[27] Probably the earliest study of mandookaparni as medya rasayana (improving the mental ability) was carried out at the Dr. A. Lakshmipathy Research Centre (now under CCRAS)[28] [edit]Folklore Gotu kola is a minor feature in the longevity tradition of the T'ai chi ch'uan master Li Ching-Yuen. He purportedly lived to be 197 or 256, due in part to his usage of traditional Chinese herbs, including gotu kola. [edit]References

1. 2. 3. 4.

^ Cadmium,mercury and lead in medicinal herbs in Brazil ^ An Exploration of Current Issues in Botanical Quality-Health Canada ^ "Nasi ulam". Retrieved 2009-05-07.

^ a b Winston, D., Maimes, S., Adaptogens: Herbs For Strength, Stamina, and Stress Relief, 2007, pp. 226-7


^ "A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study on the Effects of Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica) on Acoustic Startle

Response in Healthy Subjects".Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. 20(6):680-684, December 2000. Bradwejn, Jacques MD, FRCPC *; Zhou, Yueping MD, PhD ++; Koszycki, Diana PhD *; Shlik, Jakov MD, PhD

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

^ A clinical study on the management of generalized anxiety disorder with Centella asiatica U Jana, 1 TK Sur, 2

LN Maity, 3 PK Debnath 4 and D Bhattacharyya Nepal Med Coll J 2010; 12(1): 8-1 ^ Herbal Ed Smith ^ Natures Medicines by Richard Lucas,Publisher: Wilshire Book Co., 1966 ^ Natures Medicine by Richard Lucas et al. Prentice Hall, 1979 ^ Michael Moore "Fo ti" ^ Ital J Biochem. 1988 Mar-Apr;37(2):69-77. Effect of the triterpenoid fraction of Centella asiatica on

macromolecules of the connective matrix in human skin fibroblast cultures. Tenni R, Zanaboni G, De Agostini MP, Rossi A, Bendotti C, Cetta G.


^ Journal of Ethnopharmacology Volume 65, Issue 1, 1 April 1999, Pages 1-11 doi:10.1016/S0378-

8741(98)00141-X In vitro and in vivo wound healing activity of asiaticoside isolated from Centella asiatica A. Shuklaa, *, A. M. Rasika, G. K. Jainb, R. Shankard, D. K. Kulshresthac and B. N. Dhawana


^ Widgerow, Alan D.; Laurence A. Chait (July 2000). "New Innovations in Scar Management" (abstract). Aesthetic

Plastic Surgery (Springer New York) 24 (3): 227234. doi:10.1007/s002660010038. PMID 10890953. ISSN: 0364-216X (Print) 1432-5241 (Online). Retrieved 2007-01-28.

14. 15. 16.

^ B. M. Hausen (1993) "Centella asiatica (Indian pennywort), an effective therapeutic but a weak

sensitizer." Contact Dermatitis 29 (4), 175179 doi:10.1111/j.1600-0536.1993.tb03532.x ^ Centella asiatica Herbal Extracts, Centella asiatica Natural Herbal Extracts Co2 Herb Extract

^ a b Bradwejn, J., Zhou, Y., et al., "A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study On The Effects of Gotu Kola

(Centella asiatica) on Acoustic Startle Response in Healthy Subjects", J. Clinical Psychopharmacology 2000 Dec; 20(6):680-4

17. 18.

^ Brinkhause, B., Lindner, M., et al., "Chemical, Pharmacological and Clinical Profile of The East Asian Medical

Plant Centella asiatica",Phytomedicine 2000 Oct; 7(5):427-48 ^ Cataldo, A., Gasbarro, V., et al., "Effectiveness of the Combination of Alpha Tocopherol, Rutin, Melilotus,

and Centella asiatica in The Treatment of Patients With Chronic Venous Insufficiency", Minerva Cardioangiology, 2001, Apr; 49(2):159-63

19. 20. 21. 22.

^ Incandela et al., 2001a; Incandela et al., 2001b; Incandela et al., 2001c) ^ (Mohandas Rao et al., 2006) ^ (Babu et al., 1995) ^ Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2009; 6(1): 916. Published online 2008 October 25. Full text

at PMC: 2816528 Copyright Afr. J. Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 2009 Apoptosis Induction of

Centella Asiatica on Human Breast Cancer Cells Suboj Babykutty,1 Jose Padikkala,2 Priya Prasanna Sathiadevan, Vinod Vijayakurup, Thasni Karedath Abdul Azis,3 Priya Srinivas,3 and Srinivas Gopala

23. 24. 25. 26.



^ a b Daniel, M. (2005). Medicinal plants: chemistry and properties. Science Publishers. pp. 225. ISBN 978-1-

57808-395-4. ^ "In north India, however, brhm is commonly identified as Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban, which in Malayalam is

known as muttil. It seems that this identification of brhm as C. asiatica has been in use for long in northern India, as Hmdri's 'Commentary on Agahdaya (yuvdarasyana) treats makapa (C. asiatica) as a synonym of brahmi." Warrier, P K; V P K Nambiar, C Ramankutty, V.P.K. & Ramankutty, R Vasudevan Nair (1996). Indian Medicinal Plants: A Compendium of 500 Specie. Orient Blackswan. pp. 238. ISBN 978-81-250-0301-4.

27. 28.

^ Khare, C. P. (2003). Indian Herbal Remedies: Rational Western Therapy, Ayurvedic, and Other Traditional

Usage, Botany. Springer. pp. 89.ISBN 978-3-540-01026-5. ^ Appa Rao MVR, Srinivas K, Koteshwar Rao T. "The effect of Mandookaparni (Centella asiatica) on the general

mental ability (medhya) of mentally retarded children". J. Res Indian Med. 1973;8:916.


22 NOVEMBER 2010

Centella Asiatica. pegaga of choice

I am a born again aficionado of the Pegaga. Most of us grow the pegaga as an ornamental plant, but it has been cultivated for centuries for its culinary and medicinal benefits.

In many western countries, however, this plant is treated as a weed 'enemy number one'. For example, my sister who resides in America is so wary of this weed, she would have nothing to do with it or take the risk of introducing it to her garden and she would retort, "in no time, it will take over my lawn."

Locally named Pegaga, it is known by many names such as Pennywort, Indian Pennywort, Indian Ginseng, Horse-hoof, Gotu Kola, Takip-kohol, Pegagan, Brahmi, Ping Da Wan (), Di Qien Cao (), Zhi Xue Cao ().

Although this plant can be called by their interchangeable names, it would seems that different species have different physical characteristics and contain different medicinal and anti-oxidant benefits and the specie that stands out as the most beneficial is the Centella Asiatica.

Centella Asiatica belongs to the sub-family Apiaceae, and is native to India, Sri Lanka, Northern Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia etc.

For centuries, Centella Asiatica has been valued as a medicinal herb in Ayurvedic, traditional Chinese and African medicines. In parts of Africa, this plant has been used in the treatment of leprosy, bronchitis, asthma and syphilis. In India, it has traditionally been regarded as a potent brain tonic in treating senility and memory loss. In Chinese traditional medicine, it is used for the treatment of tonsilitis, urinary tract infections, hepatitis, jaundice and dysentery; as an antidote for arsenic poisoning, toxic mushroom poisoning, snake bites and scabies. Centella Asiatica is reportedly an active ingredient of many drugs and cosmetic in Europe, U.S.A. and Japan.

Centella Asiatica has been associated with longevity and anti-aging as it is believed to re-vitalize the brain capacity, increase attention span and concentration, and dubbed the elixir of life.

Description of the Centella Asiatica is such:

Perennial, creeping roots at the nodes Leaves, 2-4cm wide, kidney-shaped; leaf joins the stalk in a v-shaped slot

Leaves have serrated margins, hence appeared like miniature fans Small-sized leaves usually hug the ground and have short stalks; large leaves can have stalks up to 20cm long Diminutive pink flowers usually set of 2 to 4, side by side as an umbel, developing from the stem nodes Seeds form in flat, oval capsules, usually containing two tiny, brown, kidney shaped seeds.

As with everything else in life, searching for the true thing could be the hardest. I was on the verge of giving up as apparently this particular specie is almost impossible to find nowadays. In some markets, you may find Centella Asiatica being sold as a vegetable or herb or in the form of bottled juice or beverage. However, most often, the specie that is found in markets are of a different local variety.The varieties available locally are known as Pegaga renek, Pegaga Lebar Daun, Pegaga Cina/Nyonya, Pegaga Gajah, Pegaga Salad and Pegaga Brunei.

There are numerous other similar looking plants that have often been mistaken for the Centella Asiatica notably; the Swamp Pennywort (Centella Cordifolia), Kidney Weed (Dichondra Repens), Alehoof (Glecoma Hederacea). While these similar looking plants may have some medicinal properties, they are definitely not the same and some could be just weeds and does not possess any benefits. I have not learn of any specie that is poisonous or toxic though.

As any rate, I am quite finicky about having the real or true thing, and in this case, it is all the more important that I find the true Centella Asiatica.

For more information on the pegaga, click here and here

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James Missier said... I guess sometimes the most common thing that was available one time ago had become rare and insignificant during the modern times. I often find these herbs sold in pasarmalam. Maybe you can check it out there too. Tuesday, November 23, 2010 12:00:00 PM GMT+08:00

One said...

Aiyoh! So much trouble to look for something that I have been getting rid off. I better treasure it more. How do you make use of it? I find the 'green' taste very strong. Wednesday, November 24, 2010 2:29:00 PM GMT+08:00 said... Wow, you are very knowledgeable about and good with plants. I love reading your posts and have learned a lot from you on the various herbal and medicianl plants. Heheh, I also didn;t know there were so many types of basil, too. LOL! With best wishes, choesf :D Tuesday, December 21, 2010 11:49:00 PM GMT+08:00 Post a Comment