Anda di halaman 1dari 23

Rice Husk Based Cogeneration Plant

ANANT JOSHI

Monday, March 19, 2012

2012
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
In the process of setting up a rice mill, it is proposed to install a new rice husk based cogeneration unit consisting of a 12 TPH boiler and a 1.2 MW turbo-alternator, to cater to the demand of the rice plant. The rice milling units use grid electricity as the main source of energy. The purpose of the project activity is to have combined heat and power (CHP) (cogeneration) facility to meet the energy requirements and improve the overall energy efficiency of the said rice mill The proposed cogeneration unit will meet all the energy demand (Thermal as well as Electrical) of rice mill by using rice husk (otherwise considered a waste in most cases) However the plant is using alternative fuel but CDM is not applicable because of lack of financial additionally (Project IRR is ~50% without) However according different barriers in due course CDM may be applied by proving financial additionally.

RICE MILL [Type the company address] [Type the phone number] [Type the fax number]

Table of Contents
SECTION# A A.1 A.2 General Description of Project ____________________________________ - 1 Title of Project ______________________________________________________ - 1 Description of the project _____________________________________________ - 1 Purpose of Project________________________________________________ - 1 Pre-Project Scenario ______________________________________________ - 1 Post-Project Scenario _____________________________________________ - 1 Availability of rice husk ____________________________________________ - 2 Project activitys contribution to sustainable development _______________ - 2 -

A.2.1 A.2.2 A.2.3 A.2.4 A.2.5 A.3 A.4

Project participants __________________________________________________ - 3 Technical description of the project _____________________________________ - 3 Location of the project ____________________________________________ - 3 Type, category/ (ies) and technology/measure of the project______________ - 3 Estimated amount of emission reductions over the chosen crediting period __ - 5 Application of a baseline and monitoring methodology ________________ - 6 -

A.4.1 A.4.2 A.4.3 SECTION# B

B.1 Title and reference of the approved baseline and monitoring methodology applied to the project_______________________________________________________________ - 6 B.2 B.3 B.4 Justification of the choice of the project category: __________________________ - 6 Description of the project boundary _____________________________________ - 7 Description of baseline and its development: ______________________________ - 7 -

B.5 Description of how the anthropogenic emissions of GHG by sources are reduced below those that would have occurred in the absence of the registered CDM project _________ - 8 B.6 Emission reductions _________________________________________________ - 10 Explanation of methodological choices ______________________________ - 10 Ex-ante calculation of emission reductions: ___________________________ - 10 Summary of the ex-ante estimation of emission reductions ______________ - 10 -

B.6.1 B.6.2 B.6.3 B.7

Application of a monitoring methodology and description of the monitoring plan: - 11 Description of the monitoring plan: _________________________________ - 11 -

B.7.1

B.8 Date of completion of the application of the baseline and monitoring methodology and the name of the responsible person(s)/entity(ies) ___________________________ - 13 -

SECTION# C C.1

Duration of the project activity / crediting period ____________________ - 14 -

Duration of the project activity ________________________________________ - 14 Starting date of the project activity _________________________________ - 14 Expected operational lifetime of the project activity ____________________ - 14 -

C.1.1 C.1.2 C.2

Choice of the crediting period and related information _____________________ - 14 Renewable crediting period _______________________________________ - 14 Fixed crediting period ____________________________________________ - 14 Environmental impacts _________________________________________ - 14 -

C.2.1 C.2.2 SECTION# D

D.1 If required by the host Party, documentation on the analysis of the environmental impacts of the project activity ______________________________________________ - 14 D.2 If environmental impacts are considered significant by the project participants or the host Party, please provide conclusions and all references to support documentation of an environmental impact assessment undertaken in accordance with the procedures as required by the host Party _________________________________________________________ - 16 SECTION# E Stakeholders comments ________________________________________ - 16 -

E.1 Brief description how comments by local stakeholders have been invited and compiled: ______________________________________________________________ - 16 E.2 E.3 Summary of the comments received ____________________________________ - 17 Report on how due account was taken of any comments received: ___________ - 17 Annexure ______________________________________________________ 18

SECTION# F

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT


Rice Husk Based Cogeneration plant

SECTION# A
A.1

General Description of Project

Title of Project

Rice husk based cogeneration unit at a rice mill.

A.2

Description of the project

A.2.1 Purpose of Project Rice is the staple food of majority of Indians and specifically in eastern Indian. Rice mills are the lifeline for the economic development of rural India. The rice mills are generally located in the rural areas and near to paddy growing area The cost of energy as a percentage of paddy cost varies anywhere between 1%-1.5%. The rice milling units use grid electricity as the main source of energy. The purpose of the project activity is to have combined heat and power (CHP) (cogeneration) facility to meet the energy requirements and improve the overall energy efficiency of the said rice mill A.2.2 Pre-Project Scenario The Paddy milling consumes significant quantities of fuels and electricity. Electricity is the main energy source for these rice mills and is imported from the state electricity board grids and process heating requirement is met by burning rice husk. These rice mills use old and locally available technologies and are also completely dependent on locally available technical personnel. A.2.3 Post-Project Scenario A co-generation plant utilizing rice husk as fuel in the boiler, provides both electrical and thermal energy to meet the total energy requirement of both the units. The project activity, which is a biomass (carbon neutral fuel) based cogeneration plant, generates electricity in addition to steam to meet captive electricity requirement of Rice Mill thereby displacing an equivalent amount of electricity the plant would have drawn from the state power grid and thus reducing the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

Table 1 Specifications

Equipment

No.

Steam pressure, ,kg/cm2 40

Steam

Generation

Turbo-generator Boiler (Fuel Rice Husk)

Temp. o 1.2 MW power at 415 C 400 V, 400 12 TPH Steam 3 Ph, 50 Hz

40

A.2.4 Availability of rice husk Risk husk is a byproduct of the rice mill and is locally available within the plant, in sufficient quantities to meet the entire power requirement. (See Annexure 1) Total energy available of the mill = (1.2MW Electrical + 4.8 MW Thermal) = 6 MW. Husk required = 3200kg/hr Husk required = 3200*24*350/1000 = 26880 ton/annum

A.2.5 Project activitys contribution to sustainable development

Environmental well-being:
The project activity contributes to the environmental wellbeing by reducing energy consumption, which leads to reduction in greenhouse gases due to present carbon intensive grid mix

Economic well-being:
The project activity leads to the economic wellbeing of the region by creating opportunities for rural people to set up cottage industries due to reduction in demand of power in the region by the energy efficiency activity. The project may also generate additional direct and indirect employment during and after implementation.

Socio-economic well-being:
The project activity reduces the paddy processing cost and reduces the burden for paying high cost for the same as energy is one of the main cost driver in rice milling. The project activity also

contributes to the reduction in fluctuation of power in project area where the demand of power is increasing.

Technological well-being:
The project activity contributes to the increased use of energy efficient technologies and assists in reducing technological barriers.

A.3

Project participants

NA

A.4

Technical description of the project

A.4.1 Location of the project NA A.4.2 Type, category/ (ies) and technology/measure of the project

Main Category:
Type I - Renewable energy projects

Sub Category: C Thermal energy for the user with or without electricity
As defined under Appendix B of the simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale CDM project activities, this category includes Biomass-based co-generating systems that produce heat and electricity For co-generation systems to qualify under this category, the thermal energy production capacity shall not exceed 45 MWthermal [rating for the primary boiler shall not exceed 45 MWthermal]. This project activity clearly qualifies in the above category since the net thermal energy output from the project activity is approx. 9.5 MW thermal (< 45 MW thermal).as calculated below:
Boiler capacity: Enthalpy of Steam: Enthalpy of Feed Water: (105OC) Boiler Rating : 12 TPH Steam at 40 kg/cm2 4000C 3213 KJ/Kg 440 KJ/Kg 12 x (3213-440)*1000/ 3600KW = 9.243 MWThermal

Technology employed for the project activity


The proposed plant will have one condensing cum extraction turbine along with a 12 TPH high pressure boiler with steam parameters of 40KG/CM2 atm. and 400oC. The proposed boiler is of modern design with membrane furnace walls and atmospheric fluidized bed combustion technology, suitable for outdoor installation equipped with electrostatic precipitator for dust collection. For generating maximum of 100 % steaming capacity of the boiler at rated parameters, about 26880 ton/annum of Rice Husk is required. No technology transfer to the host country is involved on account of the project activity as the Technology is available within the country from reputed manufacturers.
Ultimate analysis of rice husk used as fuel: Parameter Carbon Sulphur Nitrogen Hydrogen Oxygen Moisture Total Ash GCV (Kcal/Kg) % 37.50 0.10 0.98 3.00 22.32 16.60 19.40 3,100

The specification for the systems in the project activity is as follows: A. BOILER: Type FUEL STEAM OUTPUT PRESSURE TEMP. WATER INLET TEMP. BOILER EFFICIENCY FLUE GAS TEMP CIRCULATED RICE HUSK 12 TPH 40 Kg/cm2 400 OC 105 80 % 150 0C

B.TURBO GENERATER SET: TYPE POWER OUTPUT INLET STEAM PRESSURE INLET STEAM TEMP STEAM FLOW EXTRACTION STEAM PRESSURE EXTRACTION STEAM FLOW Steam flow for condensing EXTRACTION CONDENSING UNIT 1.2 MW 40 kg/cm2 400 0C 12 TPH 4 kg/cm2 7 9.5 TPH (*8 TPH) 2.5 5 TPH (*4 TPH)

A.4.3 Estimated amount of emission reductions over the chosen crediting period

Electric Power Requirement (Maximum. demand)


1 MW

Power Generation from the Cogeneration Plant (Project Activity)


Rated Capacity :1.2 MW Captive consumption @15% :180 kW Power Available :1.02 MW

Electric Power generated per annum in the Project Activity:


(Considering 24 hours per day; 350 Days per Annum operation requirement. Electric Power generated per Annum in the Project Activity:(15 days are for maintenance activity) = 1 x 1 x 24 x 350 = 8400 MWh

Estimated amount of emission reductions over the chosen crediting period of 10 years
(See Annex 2)
Year 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 Power Generated, MWH 8400 8400 8400 8400 8400 Annual Estimated Emission Reduction, 6216 tCO2e 6216 6216 6216 6216

2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22

8400 8400 8400 8400 8400 84000

6216 6216 6216 6216 6216 62160 crediting 10 Years 6216

annual Average Emission Reduction over the n period (tonnes of CO2e)

[Considering Weighted Average Emission = 0.74 tCO2e/MWH as worked out by the Central Electricity Authority (Ref.: CEA CO2 Baseline Database Version 3.0 Baseline Methodology ACM0002 / Ver 07)]

SECTION# B

Application of a baseline and monitoring methodology

B.1 Title and reference of the approved baseline and monitoring methodology applied to the project Main Category:
Type I - Renewable energy power project

Sub Category: C Thermal energy for the user with or without electricity
As defined under Appendix B of the simplified modalities and procedures for small-scale CDM project activities, this category includes Biomass-based co-generating systems that produce heat and electricity The reference has been taken from the recent list of the small-scale CDM project activity categories contained in Appendix B of the simplified M&P for small-scale CDM project activities. (Approved Small Scale Methodology: AMS-IC/ Version 13; Sectoral Scope: 01, EB 38).

B.2

Justification of the choice of the project category:

Document Appendix B of the simplified M&P for small-scale CDM project activities provides indicative simplified baseline and monitoring methodologies for selected small-scale CDM project activity categories. As per this document, the project activity proposed falls under the Category C Thermal energy for the user with or without electricity. It has been demonstrated earlier that the project meets the applicability conditions. In the pre-project scenario, required power is drawn from the state Grid.

In the post-project scenario, both the power and steam requirement for the plant are met by the co-generation plant comprising of rice husk fired boiler and turbo-generator, thereby displacing the electric power drawn from the state grid.

B.3

Description of the project boundary

Baseline for projects under type I.C. has been detailed under paragraphs 7(e), 9 & 14 of the above-mentioned document. For this project activity, paragraph 9 is applicable, which states: Paragraph (9): Baseline emissions for electricity imported from the grid shall be calculated as the amount of electricity produced with the renewable energy technology (GWh) multiplied by the CO2 emission factor of that grid. The emission factor for grid electricity shall be calculated as per the procedures detailed in AMS I.D. Paragraph (14): For case 7(e), baseline emissions from the production of electricity shall be calculated as per paragraph 11. Emission reductions from heat generation are not eligible. For the project activity proposed, the baseline is the historic electricity consumptions in both the units I & II (3 year data considered) converted to equivalent CO2 emission by multiplying with emission coefficient (measured in kg CO2e/kWh) for the Northern Power Supply Grid (as calculated by the Central Electricity Authority, Government of India, in the CO2 baseline database, version 3.0; 15.12.2007). The CEA has calculated the weighted average emission rate (tCO2e/MWh) (including imports) for the Grid for the years 2012-13 to 2021-22 as given in the following table. The weighted emission rate for Grid for the year 2012-13 is 0.74 tCO2e/MWh. The emission rate of 0.74 tCO2e/MWh has, therefore, been adopted, for calculating the GHG emission reduction due to the project activity

B.4

Description of baseline and its development:

As mentioned under Type I.C. of Annex-B of the simplified modalities and procedures for small scale CDM project activities, project boundary encompasses the physical and geographical site of the renewable energy generation. For the proposed project activity the project boundary is from the point of fuel storage to the point of electricity supply to the rice mill, where the project proponent has a full control. Thus, the project boundary covers fuel storage, boiler, steam turbine generator and all other accessory equipments. The project boundary is illustrated in the following diagram

B.5 Description of how the anthropogenic emissions of GHG by sources are reduced below those that would have occurred in the absence of the registered CDM project
The project activity shall be displacing grid based power with carbon neutral fuel (Rice Husk) for power generation. Thus the GHG emissions that would have occurred due to the combustion of fossil fuel (Coal, Gas) in the grid based power plants would be avoided. The alternatives for the project activity applicable with current laws and regulations are, 1. Purchasing the electricity from the state grid: Purchasing electricity from grid is an alternative, but in current scenario it is not a feasible option as state grid is severely short of power supply

2. Captive Co-generation unit using coal as fuel: Coal is the primary fuel for power generation. Coal is also an economical option for power generation as it does not face supply barriers. Price fluctuations of fuel are not high which makes it a less risky fuel option. 3. Captive Co-generation unit using biomass as primary fuel i.e. project activity: Risk husk is a byproduct of the rice mill and is locally available within the plant, in sufficient quantities to meet the entire power requirement. However, there are barriers prohibiting implementation of the project activity. a. Investment barrier: The main investment barriers for the project activity are discussed below: 1. In an event of any technical failures or delay in the project activity there is a grave risk of interests building up and threatening the financial capacity rice mill. 2. After the success of this project activity it is natural that there will be similar projects which will push the biomass prices upwards. Therefore escalation of biomass prices due to increase in demand for this fuel could hamper the financial prospects of the project activity. Conceiving this project without CDM benefits would have been difficult and potential availability of these benefits for the project was a major factor for deciding to go ahead with this project activity. The CDM fund will help the project proponent to run the cogeneration plant smoothly in-spite of rising biomass prices. CDM funding to project participants would also encourage other industries to follow suit and thereby contribute towards GHG emission reduction. b. Other Barriers : Energy is not a core business of rice mill. They are mainly manufacturers of rice. The rice husk based cogeneration project activity is a steep diversification from the core business fields to power sector economics, where the project proponent has to meet challenges of technocommercial problems associated with the project activity. The possibility of financial assistance available through carbon credits. There exist also fuel supply barriers, as the Biomass, though abundant in supply, still lacks proper logistics network for collection and delivery. This is a fuel availability risk, and to ensure continuous & economical fuel supply, project participants will have to invest in developing a viable fuel supply mechanism. The barriers discussed above are sufficient to hinder growth of the cogeneration plants in sector. While the country has a clean energy strategy, the reality is that coal will continue to dominate in the near term and the rice industry will burn coal in inefficient boilers unless

financial incentives, such as carbon financing, exist. This project activity is a renewable energy projects with net zero CO2 emission due to the carbon sequestration. Paddy re-grows at the same rate as it is being harvested, and acts as a sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide and the net flux of CO2 to the atmosphere is zero. The project activity will save coal (which would have been used for coal based power generation). The estimated emission reduction from the project activity is 6216 Tco2/annum. In view of the above mentioned prohibitive barriers and GHG emission reductions, it is understood that the project activity is additional.

B.6

Emission reductions

B.6.1 Explanation of methodological choices Monitoring Methodology for the category I.C. Thermal energy for the user with or without electricity. (Approved Small Scale Methodology: AMS-IC/ Version 13; Sectoral Scope: 01, EB38 ). Monitoring methodology / guideline mentioned in the Appendix B of the simplified modalities and procedures for small scale CDM project activities in the project category Type I.C. is considered as basis for monitoring methodology for the project activity. The paragraph 18 (b) of the document states that monitoring shall consist of Metering the thermal and electrical energy generated for co-generation projects. Since the emission reduction quantity totally depends on the units of energy in kWh displaced from the grid and the baseline emission of the state grid, the monitoring of units generated in the co-generation plant displacing the power drawn from the state grid before the project activity, shall be carried out. Further, the methodology prescribes monitoring of fuel input for projects where only biomass or biomass and fossil fuel are used. In addition, specific fuel consumption to be used should be specified ex ante. Thus the monitoring methodology under Category I.C of the Appendix B of the simplified M&P for small-scale CDM project activities of the UNFCCC CDM website is aptly applicable to the project activity. The net CERs shall correspond to the units of power generated by the biomass based co-generation plant

B.6.2 Ex-ante calculation of emission reductions: Baseline = Annual MWh generated x 0.74 tCO2e/MWh Emissions by the project activity (tCO2e) B.6.3 Summary of the ex-ante estimation of emission reductions Following formula is used for determining the emission reductions due to the project activity.

Emission Reduction due to project activity

= Baseline emissions - Project Emissions

= Baseline emissions - 0 = Baseline emissions


Year 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Power Generated, MWH 8400 8400 8400 8400 8400 8400 8400 8400 8400 8400 84000 crediting Annual Estimated Emission Reduction, 6216 tCO2e 6216 6216 6216 6216 6216 6216 6216 6216 6216 62160 10 Years 6216

annual Average Emission Reduction over the n period (tonnes of CO2e)

B.7 Application of a monitoring methodology and description of the monitoring plan:


B.7.1 Description of the monitoring plan: The project revenue is based on the units generated in the project activity as measured by power meters at the cogeneration plant. The project activity shall have two separate meters one for measuring the gross power generated and the other for measuring the auxiliary power consumed. The monitoring and verification system would mainly comprise of these meters to establish the quantum of displacement of the state grid power and consequent reduction of GHG emissions. The rice husk quantity consumed in the cogeneration plant shall also be measured.

GHG Emission Sources


Direct On-Site Emissions Direct on-site emissions after implementation of the project arise from the burning of rice husk in the boiler. These emissions mainly include CO2. However, the CO2 released is sequestered by

the CO2 taken up by the equivalent paddy plantation / biomass during growing, thereby making it a carbon neutral fuel Direct Off-Site Emissions Direct off-site emissions in the project arise from the rice husk transport. However, the baseline fuel transport also has to be taken into account. It is estimated that the transport of rice husk from the rice mills within 60 km radius, will contribute to emission much less than transport emissions in the baseline. To provide a conservative estimate of the emission reductions, the reduction in transport emissions in the project compared to the transport emissions in the baseline is not taken into consideration. Transport emissions are therefore not taken into account. Indirect On-Site Emissions The indirect on site GHG source is the consumption of energy and the emission of GHGs involved in the construction of rice husk based power plant. Considering the life cycle assessment of the total power generated and the emissions to be avoided in the life span of 15 20 years, emissions from the above-mentioned source are too small and hence neglected. No other indirect on-site emissions are anticipated from the project activity.

Project Parameters affecting GHG Emissions


Fuel related Parameters: Quantity of the rice husk used in the boiler as fuel The rice husk received from the rice mills will be stored in the plants storage area specially designed for such storage. From the storage area the rice husk will be transferred to the boiler bunkers by bucket elevator/belt conveyor. An approximate measure of the shift-wise usage of rice husk is done at this point. The same record is maintained manually in a register. Control of fuel feeding is done by controlling the rpm of the motors operating in the feeder system. The amount of rice husk purchased can be verified on invoices / receipts from farmers and/ or fuel contractors. Quality of Rice husk used in the boiler The fuel for the power generation is only rice husk. The properties of the rice husk from ultimate analysis, calorific value, ash composition etc. are already established and will be consistent in the region. However, it is proposed to monitor various properties of rice husk used as fuel, by taking samples at random, so that in case of any drastic change in the properties, corrective actions can be taken. The measurement of fuel properties like ultimate analysis, calorific value etc. will be done at a reputed testing laboratory as per international practices and data or documents will be kept open for verifiers

Operational Parameters of the power generating Unit Total Power Generated The total power generated by the power project will be measured in the plant premises to the best accuracy and will be monitored and recorded on a continuous basis by electronic power and energy meter. The integrated readings every 8 hours shall be recorded manually in the plant log book. Power consumed by the plant auxiliaries The power consumed by plant auxiliaries will be recorded in the plant premises to the best accuracy and will be monitored and recorded on a continuous basis by electronic power and energy meter. The integrated readings every 8 hours shall be recorded manually in the plant log book. The total quantum of power consumed by the auxiliaries would affect the total power to be supplied to the manufacturing facility and displaced from the grid and therefore the amount of GHG reductions. Therefore any increase in the consumption pattern of the auxiliary system would be attended to on priority. All measurement devices shall be of reputed make with standard accuracy and will be procured from reputed vendors. All instruments will be calibrated at regular intervals. All instruments shall carry tag plates, which indicate the date of last calibration and the date of next calibration. The parameter will substantiate the smooth operations of the power plant. During verification the total power generated would be verified as compared to the power exported to the manufacturing facility. Power supplied to the manufacturing facility It will be calculated by deduction of auxiliary consumption from the total electric power generated.

Verification
The performance of rice husk based cogeneration project leads to GHG emission reductions. The longer the power plant runs and supplies electricity to the manufacturing facility, the more will be GHG emission reductions. The major verifications to be carried out are as under: Verification of various measurements and monitoring methods Verification of instrument calibration methods Verification of measurement accuracy

B.8 Date of completion of the application of the baseline and monitoring methodology and the name of the responsible person(s)/entity(ies)
NA

SECTION# C
NA

Duration of the project activity / crediting period

C.1

Duration of the project activity

C.1.1 Starting date of the project activity NA C.1.2 Expected operational lifetime of the project activity 25 YR

C.2

Choice of the crediting period and related information

Fixed Crediting Period of 10 years. C.2.1 Renewable crediting period NA

Starting date of the first crediting period Length of the first crediting period
C.2.2 Fixed crediting period

Starting date Length


10 Years

SECTION# D

Environmental impacts

D.1 If required by the host Party, documentation on the analysis of the environmental impacts of the project activity
The environmental aspects of the project activity and the measures taken for the mitigation of theimpacts are described in the following.

Gaseous emissions: (Particulate matter, SO2 and NOX)


The pollutants discharged from the proposed Cogeneration power plant are, Suspended particulate matter, Nitrogen oxide and Sulphur di-oxide in flue gas.

Dry fly ash


The ash will be collected manually by using Trolleys. The dry fly ash from the economizer, air pre-heater and ESP hoppers will be collected by the ash handling system and will be used for

land filling in the nearby lowland areas. Provision will be made in the system for water spray to eliminate dust nuisance in the plant.

Wastewater
Effluent from water treatment plant: Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide will be used as regenerants in the proposed water treatment plant. The acid and alkali effluent generated during the regeneration process of the ion-exchangers would be drained into an underground neutralizing pit. Generally these effluents are self-neutralizing. The effluent will then be pumped to the mills effluent treatment plant. The neutralizing pit will be sized with sufficient capacity. The rejects from water treatment plant will have high TDS which could be diluted and used for cleaning purposes in the project activity. This water could also be used for plantation. Chlorine in cooling water: In the condenser cooling water, residual chlorine of about 0.2 ppm is maintained at the condenser outlet. This chlorine dosing is done mainly to prevent biological growth in the cooling tower system. This value would not result in any chemical pollution of water and also meets the national standards for the liquid effluent. Thermal pollution: A close circuit cooling water system with cooling towers has been proposed. This eliminates the letting out of high temperature water into the canals and prevents thermal pollution. Blow down from the cooling tower will be conveyed to the plant drainage system. Noise pollution: The rotating equipment in the Power plant has been designed to operate with a total noise level of not exceeding 90 db (A) as per the requirement of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standards. The rotating equipments are provided with silencers wherever required to meet the noise pollution.

Monitoring
The characteristics of the effluents from the proposed plant will be monitored and maintained so as to meet the requirements of State Pollution Control Board and the minimum national standards for effluent from thermal power plants. Air quality monitoring will also be undertaken to ensure that the dust pollution level is within the specified limits. Air Quality Monitoring Programme: The purpose of air quality monitoring is the acquisition of data for comparison against the prescribed minimum standards and thereby assures that the air quality is maintained within the prescribed levels. The main parameter to be monitored will be Suspended Particulate Matter.

D.2 If environmental impacts are considered significant by the project participants or the host Party, please provide conclusions and all references to support documentation of an environmental impact assessment undertaken in accordance with the procedures as required by the host Party
NA

SECTION# E

Stakeholders comments

E.1 Brief description how comments by local stakeholders have been invited and compiled:
The Environmental Regulations do not prescribe public hearing/ stake holder consultations for projects of the size and scale of the project activity. Still, as a responsible organization, the RPBIL undertaken a stakeholder consultation process for the project activity. Following stake holders have been identified: Shareholders Employees Customers Local Community Units in the Industrial Area Pollution Control Board Power Corporation Ltd. Financial Institutions- Bank of Baroda Equipment Suppliers Fuel Suppliers Consultants

E.2

Summary of the comments received


NA

E.3

Report on how due account was taken of any comments received:

NA

SECTION# F

Annexure
Annexure 1 Calculation of Rice Husk Requirment

Rice Husk production 20% of Paddy (by Weight) Energy available from Rice Husk ~ 260 MJ/Ton of paddy Energy Required by Rice Mill per ton of Rice Produced Electrical Energy Requirement ~ 70 MJ/ton Thermal Energy Requirement ~ 105 MJ/Ton

1 Energy Input to steam: m x (hsteam at turbine inlet hfeed water ) = 12x1000x(3213-440)/3600 = 9.243 MWThermal Boiler efficiency = 80% (assumed)

Energy input to boiler= 9.243/.80 = 11.58 MW GCV of Rice Husk = 13 MJ/kg

Required RICE HUSK = (11.58/13 )x 3600 = 3200 kg/hr Annual consumption (24 hrs 350 days operation)= 26880 ton/yr Total input of paddy produces 80% Rice and 20% Rice Husk Therefore Paddy input will be: 3200/0.2 = 16000 Kg/Hr Therefore the amount of paddy plant will process = 384 ton / Day Annexure 2 Calculation of Annual CO2 Emission Estimation

[Considering Weighted Average Emission = 0.74 tCO2e/MWH as worked out by the Central Electricity Authority (Ref.: CEA CO2 Baseline Database Version 3.0 Baseline Methodology ACM0002 / Ver 07)] Electricity production per annum = 1 x 24 x 350 = 8400 MW-h Annual carbon emission estimate = 8400 x 0.74 = 6216 Ton/annum

Annexure 3 IRR Calculations Project Investment: Fixed Cost = Rs. 8 cr. Annual generation(Running+maint.) cost = Rs 3/kwh Electricity rate @ 8/Unit Annual Saving: 8400 x 1000 x (8 - 3) = 4.2 cr Life = 25 yr IRR = 52% (payback ~ 2 yr)

Annexure 4 Schematic diagram & Thermal efficiency Heat rate Heat rate = Heat input to steam / power generated = 12 x 1000 x (3213- 440) / 1 x 1000 x 3600 = 9.243 KJ/KWh

Electric power output =1 MWh Thermal output (process heating) =8 x1000 x(2786.6 -604.3) /3600 =4.848 MW Overall plant efficiency = Electric power+ Thermal output / total input heat x100 =(1+4.848) / 11.58 x 100 = 50.48%