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Dutta, Debarun

From: Sent: To: Cc: Subject: SINGH SANJEEV P Wednesday, March 07, 2012 3:46 PM KUMAR,DEVENDRA; BALA, MANABENDRA.; Dutta, Debarun; Kumar, Pranav; GOSWAMI, ABINAV Kosta, A.L What is anchor chair in vertical vessels?

What is anchor chair in vertical vessels?

[Subject Prev][Subject Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next] To: <seaint(--nospam--at)> Subject: RE: Anchor Chairs Question From: "Stephen Meier" <meier(--nospam--at)> Date: Thu, 14 Mar 2002 10:54:09 -0500

1. Anchor bolt chairs for most tanks and vessels are usually required when the base plate is less than 1 inch thick. Thin base plates bend excessively under the load and cause a very concentrated load on the corner weld (the plate to the bottom shell ring) 2. The anchor bolt chair serves two purposes- to transfer the load into the shell, and to provide a "stretching length". A short bolt thru the base plate only should be debonded over 10 to 12 inches. 3. Chair height should be a minimum of 6 inches for skirt supported vessels and 12 inches for flat bottom tanks. 4. Chair design procedures can be found in Part VII of Steel Plate Fabricators Association publication "Steel Plate Engineering Data" 5. It is possible to use gussets in some application if the base plate is thick. For thin base plates or typical flat bottom tanks inverted chairs or gussets should not be used for two reasons. First, look at the stresses in the attaching welds (assume a triangular load from the eccentric moment). A gusset will give a very high stress concentration at the tip of the gusset. A normal chair has the width of the chair (4 inches or so) to distribute this load. Second, the AB chair design procedure in the SPFA book is based on the Bijlaard work on loadings on shells and assumes the base plate / tank bottom is the neutral axis for a stiff rectangular fitting ( i.e. the chair is a rigid box). Using gussets does not create the rigid box and the current design procedures will under-estimate the peak stresses in the shell for inverted chairs/gussets. An inverted chair on a flat bottom tank can also create a maintenance problem since the bottom of the chair is not accessible for cleaning and painting 6. The chair height and width are a direct function of the applied eccentric moment. Chair heights of up to 36 inches are found in high seismic applications for tanks with thin shells. Sometimes a solid stiffener ring replaces the chair tops to reduce the chair height. Occasionally, the lower shell ring must be thickened to reduce the shell bending stresses. 7. Anchor and chairs should be not further than 10 ft on center and if less than 2 ft 6, a ring should be considered. 8. The chair should also be designed to develop the yield of the anchor. We want the bolt to stretch in an overload 9. The contact between the bolt/nut and top of chair is also important. If the bolt is out of plumb, or the chair is not flat, a lopsided bearing on the nut may cause the bolt to fracture prematurely (prying).

Stephen W. Meier, PE, SE Vice President Tank Industry Consultants 7740 West New York Street Indianapolis, IN 46214

With Best Regards ____________________________ Sanjeev P Singh Chief Manager(Mech) Process Design Engineering Cell, Ref. HQ Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, Indian Oil Bhavan A-1, Udyog Marg, Sector-1, Noida-201301. 91-120-2448923 (Off)/91-9958446940(M)
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