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<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig01) In the above radiograph, choose which of the following statements are true regarding caries: (U=upper,

L=Lower, D=distal, M=mesial)

<C> Caries is present in U5D, L7M, L6D, L4D <C+> Caries is present in U5D, U6M, L4D <C> Caries is present in U4M, U5D, L7M, L6D, L4D <C> Caries is present in U4M, U5D, U6M, L6D, L4D <Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig02)In the above radiograph, teeth present are as follows (according to the FDI nomenclature):

<C+>15, 14, 13, 43, 44, 48 <C>25, 24, 23, 33, 34, 38

<C>15, 14, 12, 43, 44, 47 <C>25, 24, 22, 33, 34, 37 <C>None of the above <Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig02) In the radiograph above: <C+>There is evidence of root caries in the upper premolars and advance periodontal disease <C>There is evidence of root caries but with normal periodontal condition <C>There is evidence of periodontal disease and no root caries just cervical burn out <C>There is mild periodontal disease and occlusal caries in the upper first premolar <C>No evidence of caries or periodontal disease on this radiograph <Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig03)The radiograph above shows: <C>R oot caries mesial to first

premolar, and proximal caries mesial to first molar, no periodontal disease <C+>Mesial and distal caries at first molar and no sign of periodontal disease <C>Root caries mesial to first premolar, and proximal caries mesial to first molar, early periodontal disease between first and second molars <C>Mesial caries at first molar and early signs of periodontal disease between first and second molars <C>Root caries mesial to first premolar, and proximal caries mesial to first molar, generalized horizontal bone loss

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig04) The arrow in the above radiograph is pointing at: <C+>Recurrent caries <C>Deficient restoration <C>Overhanging restoration <C>Mach band <C>Occlusal caries

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig05) In the two radiographs above, the carious lesion indicated by the arrow is located on the: <C> lingual surface of lower first molar <C+> buccal surface of lower first molar <C> occlusal surface of lower first molar

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig06) The radiopaque structure identified by the arrow (# 6) is the: <C>inferior border of the orbit <C>incisive foramen <C>middle concha <C+>floor of the nasal cavity <C>anterior nasal spine

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig07) The radiopaque area outlined by the dotted line is: <C+> Ghost image of the contralateral mandible <C> Ghost image of the C-spine <C> The tongue shadow <C> The cheek shadow <C> None of the above <Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig06) The round radiolucency identified by the arrows (# 7) is the: <C>posterior cranial fossa

<C>pterygomaxillary fissure <C>sinus recess <C+>external auditory meatus <C>intervertebral foramen <Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig06) The radiopaque structures identified by the arrows (# 8) is the: <C>ear lobe <C+>cervical vertebrae <C>clavicle <C>coronoid process <C>hyoid bone <Q> If you see a small, round, cystlike radiolucency in the mandibular anterior midline region of a panoramic film, what should you do? <C>Repeat the panoramic radiograph to see if the area can be duplicated <C>Aspirate the area to check for cystic or vascular lesions <C>Check all teeth in the area for vitality <C+>Take a standard periapical view to see if the area can be duplicated <Q>A panoramic radiograph having shortened lower incisors with the occlusal plane in a V shape indicates that the: <C> patients chin was tilted excessively upward. <C+> patients back was tilted excessively downward. <C> patient was positioned too far forward. <C> patient was positioned too far back. <C> patient is wearing the thyroid collar <Q>Which of the following statements relating to the panoramic tubehead is incorrect? <C+> The tubehead has a small round collimator to limit the size of the beam <C> The tubehead is angled upwards approximately 10 degrees <C> The tubehead travels in an arc behind the patients head, starting in the molar region on one side and ending in the molar region on the other side <C> The tubehead rotates 180 degrees behind the patient <C> The tubehead rotates around the patient on a path of sliding rotation center <Q>After development, a panoramic radiograph shows strange artifacts that resemble springs or boxes. Also the image appears to be reversed right to left. What happened? <C> wrong film type was used <C+> cassette was inserted into the machine backwards <C> panoramic was run in reverse direction <C> film was not properly aligned in cassette <Q>Which of the following projections would normally be chosen when you want to see a fracture of the zygomatic arch? <C> Waters

<C> <C> <C> <C+>

PA Skull Reverse Townes Transcranial Submentovertex

<Q>In which of the following extraoral projections would the midsagittal plane not be perpendicular to the film (cassette)? <C+> Lateral Ceph <C> Waters <C> PA Skull <C> Reverse Townes <C> Submentovertex <Q>For which of the following extraoral projections is the use of an intraoral x-ray machine preferred? <C> Lateral Ceph <C> PA Skull <C> Waters <C> Submentovertex <C+> None of the above

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig08) In the picture above, the patient is set for which extraoral projection? <C+> PA skull <C> AP skull <C> Waters view <C> Reversed Towns view

<C> Lateral skull

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig9) The radiographic projection shown above is: <C> Submentovertex <C+> Zygomatic arch view <C> Reverse Townes view <C> Watersview <C> None of the above

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig10)The radiographic projection shown above was mainly taken to evaluate: <C+> The condylar necks <C> Zygomatic arch <C> Maxillary sinuses <C> Location of the condyles <C> Facial growth assessment <Q>When changing from 60 kVp to 90 kVp which of the following statements is true: <C>Increase the effective contrast <C+>Decrease the effective contrast <C>Leave contrast unchanged <C>Increase the short scale contrast <C>Decrease the long scale contrast <Q>Which of the following statements relating to film density is correct? <C> The size of the patients head has no bearing on film density; the patients body size determines how light or dark the film will be. <C+> The film density produced by x-rays passing through a gold crown will be less (lighter) than the film density produced by x-rays passing through soft tissue

<C> If Patient A is a small child and Patient B is an adult, you would need to decrease the exposure time for patient B to get the proper film density (to match that on a film taken on Patient A); no change in mA or kVp <C> A film with high film density will be very light, appearing underexposed <C> Film fogging will decrease the overall film density

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig13) Regarding the image above, which of the following statements is correct? The best contrast is at 100 kVp because of the many no. of shades that can be seen <C>There is long-scale contrast at 40 kVp <C+>Contrast at 50 kVp is better than that at 90 kVp <C>Setting the machine at 80 kVp rather than 70 is best suited for looking at caries <C>All of the above

< Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig11) In the image above which of the following is incorrect? <C>Film B is faster than film A <C>Film B has more contrast than film A <C>Film A has wider latitude than film B <C+>Making errors in exposure is more expected using film A <C>None of the above

< Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig12) The lesion at the lower first molar can be described with the following: <C+>Periapical, radiolucent, poorly defined border, resorption, irregular <C>Periapical, radiopaque, poorly defined border, resorption, irregular <C>Periapical, radiolucent, well defined border, irregular <C>Periapical, radiolucent, poorly defined border, resorption, circumscribed <C>Pericoronal, radiolucent, poorly defined border, resorption, circumscribed <Q>Destruction of bone surrounded by sclerosis is indicative of a malignant neoplasm <C>True <C+>False <Q>Radiologically, displacement of teeth by a lesion is a sign of a malignant process. <C>True <C+>False <Q>It is possible that the radiologic interpretation provide all the information needed for a certain case and a diagnosis can be made then <C>True <C+>False

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig15) The radiographic appearance of the second molar pointed at above is an indication of: <C>Rarefying osteitis <C+>Normal developing root <C>Root resorption <C>Advanced periodontitis <C>None of the above

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig14) The area pointed at in the radiograph above is showing:

<C+>Normal alveolar crest <C>Vertical bone loss toward the second molar <C>Early periodontitis <C>The alveolus <C>The lamina dura

<Q> (Dent421_mid_200620071_fig16) The structure pointed at with the red arrow in the radiograph is: <C>The inferior border of the maxillary sinus <C>The infraorbital rim <C+>The zygomatic process of maxilla <C>The zygomatic arch <C>The zygomatic bone <Q>Short scale, high contrast is recommended for making radiographs to look at the periodontal tissues <C>True <C+>False <Q>The radiographic signs of periodontal disease include one or more of the following except: <C+>Calculus <C>Horizontal bone loss <C>Vertical bone loss <C>Furcation involvement <C>Loss of cortical density <Q>Careless handling of the film in the darkroom leads to which of the following marks: 1. bending.

2. static discharge. 3. finger nails. 4. roller marks. <C> 1,4 <C> 2,3,4 <C>1,2,3,4 <C+> 1,2,3 <Q>When unit dosing is used and a blank film occurs after processing there is also usually a __________ film present. <C>missing <C>underexposed <C+>double exposed <C>reversed <C>overlapping