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BOLT TORQUE - THREAD STRENGTH CALCULATION ISO METRIC SCREW THREADS TO AS 1721 BOLT DATA

MATERIAL THREAD TOLERANCE CLASS DIAMETER THREAD PITCH THREAD NOMINAL THREAD PITCH DIAMETER THREAD MINIMUM MAJOR DIAMETER THREAD MINIMUM PITCH DIAMETER MINIMUM TENSILE STRESS YIELD STRESS PROOF STRESS CORE AREA TENSILE STRESS AREA SHANK AREA mm

MPa MPa MPa 0 0 0 mm2 2 mm mm2

PREFERRED BOLT LOAD & TORQUE

BOLT UTILISATION BASED ON PREFERRED BOLT UTILISATION BOLT CONDITION TORQUE COEFFICIENT (NUT FACTOR) BOLT LOAD BASED ON PREFERRED BOLT LOAD PREFERRED BOLT TORQUE

% OF YIELD STRESS #N/A 0 #N/A kN Nm

NUT DATA

NUT MATERIAL THREAD TOLERANCE CLASS THREAD MAXIMUM PITCH DIAMETER THREAD MAXIMUM MINOR DIAMETER ULTIMATE TENSILE STRESS YIELD STRESS

mm

MPa MPa

THREAD STRENGTH

ULTIMATE BOLT LOAD THREAD ENGAGEMENT TO DEVELOP FULL BOLT STRENGTH THREAD ENGAGEMENT TO YIELD THREADS AT FULL BOLT STRENGTH #DIV/0! FORCE REQUIRED TO STRIP mm LENGTH OF THREADS FORCE REQUIRED TO YIELD mm LENGTH OF THREADS

0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

kN mm mm mm kN kN

SELECTED BOLT LOAD & TORQUE

REQUIRED SAFETY FACTOR ON THREAD YIELD RECOMMENDED BOLT LOAD RECOMMENDED BOLT LOAD AS A % OF YIELD STRESS RECOMMENDED BOLT TORQUE SELECTED BOLT TORQUE SELECTED BOLT LOAD SELECTED BOLT LOAD AS A % OF YIELD STRESS

#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

kN % Nm Nm kN %

FAILURE OCCURS SIMULTANEOUSLY IN BOTH PARTS, AT THE PITCH LINE & YIELD OCCURS SIMULTANEOUSLY IN BOTH PARTS, AT THE PITCH LINE TORQUE VALUES CALCULATED USING FORMULA T = KDP WHERE T = TORQUE (Nm), K = TORQUE COEFFICIENT, D = NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm), P = BOLT CLAMP LOAD (kN)

97961274.xls.ms_office

BOLT DIAMETERS 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 27 30 33 36 39 42 45 48 52 56 60 64

BOLT AREAS BOLT SIZE (mm) 0 PITCH CORE (mm) 0 0 AREAS (mm2) TENSILE SHANK STRESS 0 0

BOLT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES MIN TENSILE STRESS (MPa) 0 YIELD STRESS (MPa) 0 PROOF STRESS (MPa) 0

NUT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES MIN TENSILE STRESS (MPa) 0 YIELD STRESS (MPa) 0

STRENGTH OF METRIC THREADS BOLT TORQUE COEFFICIENTS 1 BOLT CONDITION 2 K BOLT MATERIAL = TENSILE STRENGTH OF THE BOLT MATERIAL, Sst = YIELD STRESS OF THE BOLT MATERIAL = NUT MATERIAL = NUT PLATE THICKNESS = ULTIMATE TENSILE STRENGTH OF THE NUT MATERAL, Snt = YIELD STRENGTH OF THE NUT MATERIAL = 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1px1 (MOLY)V 0.18 AS RECEIVED 0.20 AS RECEIVED OR LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 771 0.13 BOWMAN ANTI-SEIZE 0.12 CADMIUM PLATED 0.17 CADMIUM PLATED (DEGREASED) 0.20 CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.14 CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243) 0.13 CLEAN, NONPLATED, AS RECEIVED 0.20 COPPER BASED ANTI-SEIZE 0.16 DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243 0.20 DRY 0.30 EXPOSED TO ELEMENTS, BEGINNING TO OXIDISE0.30 GALVANISED (DEGREASED) 0.42 GALVANISED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.22 GENERAL MACHINE OIL 0.20 GREASE 0.16 GREASE (HEAVY) 0.14 HOT DIPPED GALVANISED 0.25 INORGANIC SILICATE (IOZ) 0.17 LIGHTLY OILED 0.20 LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243 0.14 LOCTITE MOLY PASTE 0.11 LOW FRICTION OIL 0.15 MOLYBDENUM DISULPHIDE BASED GREASE 0.14 MOLYBOND GA50 0.14 MOLYKOTE 0.18 MOLYKOTE P74 0.14 NICKEL BASED ANTI-SEIZE 0.15 NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE) 0.17 NONPLATED, BLACK FINISH 0.30 PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED) 0.14 PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243) 0.11 PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED) 0.24 PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243) 0.14 SOLID PTFE FILM 0.12 TEFLON 7630 0.09 WAXED 0.10 XYLAN 0.10 ZINC PLATED 0.22

BOLT DIAMETER = BOLT THREAD PITCH = TENSILE STRESS AREA = ULTIMATE BOLT LOAD = LENGTH OF THREAD ENGAGEMENT REQUIRED TO DEVELOP FULL STRENGTH:

0 0.00 0.0 0.0

NUT AND BOLT ARE OF EQUAL-STRENGTH MATERIALS. .: FAILURE OCCURS SIMULTANEOUSLY IN BOTH PARTS, AT THE PITCH BOLT TOLERANCE CLASS = NUT TOLERANCE CLASS = 0 0

NOMINAL PITCH DIAMETER OF THE BOLT, d2 = LENGTH OF THREAD ENGAGEMENT REQ'D TO DEVELOP FULL STR., LE = SHEAR AREA AT PITCH LINE OF BOTH THREADS, AS= ULTIMATE SHEAR STRENGTH OF THE MATERIAL, SU ~= FORCE REQUIRED TO STRIP THREADS, F = LENGTH OF THREAD ENGAGEMENT REQUIRED TO YIELD THREAD AT FULL STRENGTH #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

0.000

0.0

NUT AND BOLT ARE OF EQUAL-STRENGTH MATERIALS. .: YIELD OCCURS SIMULTANEOUSLY IN BOTH PARTS, AT THE PITCH LIN

NOMINAL PITCH DIAMETER OF THE BOLT, d2 = LENGTH OF THREAD ENGAGEMENT REQ'D TO DEVELOP FULL STR., LE = #DIV/0!

0.000

ZINC PLATED (DRY) ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED) ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243) ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED) ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243) 0

0.29 0.14 0.15 0.18 0.16 #N/A

SHEAR AREA AT PITCH LINE OF BOTH THREADS, AS= ULTIMATE SHEAR STRENGTH OF THE MATERIAL, SU ~= FORCE REQUIRED TO STRIP THREADS, F = LENGTH OF THREAD ENGAGEMENT REQUIRED TO YIELD THREAD AT FULL STRENGTH, L = SELECTED LENGTH OF THREAD ENGAGEMENT SELECTED LENGTH OF THREAD ENGAGEMENT = FORCE REQUIRED TO STRIP THREADS, F = FORCE REQUIRED TO YIELD THREADS, F = RECOMMENDED BOLT TORQUE BOLT CONDITION = 0 BOLT PRELOAD = TORQUE CO-EFFICIENT = SAFETY FACTOR ON THREAD YIELD = YIELD STRESS OF THE BOLT MATERIAL = = RECOMMENDED BOLT LOAD = % OF YIELD STRESS = RECOMMENDED BOLT TORQUE = SELECTEDED BOLT TORQUE SELECTED BOLT TORQUE = SELECTED BOLT LOAD = % OF YIELD STRESS =

#DIV/0! 0.0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

0.0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

0 #N/A 0.00 0 0.0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

THREAD LIMITING DIMENSIONS NOMINAL BOLT NUT PITCH MIN. MAJOR MIN. PITCH MAX. MINOR MAX. PITCH DIAMETER DIAMETER DIAMETER DIAMETER DIAMETER d2 dmin d2min D1max D2max (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) 0.000 0 0 0 0 FAILURE OCCURS SIMULTANEOUSLY IN BOTH PARTS, AT THE PITCH LINE YIELD OCCURS SIMULTANEOUSLY IN BOTH PARTS, AT THE PITCH LINE

MPa MPa

mm MPa MPa

mm mm mm2 kN

ANEOUSLY IN BOTH PARTS, AT THE PITCH LINE.

mm mm mm2 MPa kN

EOUSLY IN BOTH PARTS, AT THE PITCH LINE.

mm mm

mm2 MPa kN mm

mm kN kN

% OF YIELD STRESS

MPa mm2 kN % Nm

Nm kN %