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V

Bulletin 1500

AIR VALVES
PROVIDING SYSTEM EFFICIENCY AND PROTECTION

TABLE OF CONTENTS
UNDERSTANDING AIR VALVES
Air and Its Impact on a Water and Wastewater System pp. 3-7 Exclusive Features and Benefits p. 8 Wastewater Features and Benefits p. 9

AIR VALVE APPLICATIONS


Basic Applications and Solutions p. 10 Applications, Functions, Purpose, and Features Chart p. 11

TECHNICAL DATA
Water and Wastewater Air Release Valves pp. 12-13

Water and Wastewater Air/Vacuum Valves pp. 14-15

Water & Wastewater Combination Air Valves pp. 16-19

Anti-Slam Combination Air Valves pp. 20-21

Well Service Air Valves pp. 22-23

Vacuum Breaker Valves pp. 24-25 Vacuum Priming Valves pp. 26-27

Copyright 2004 Val-Matic Valve & Mfg. Corp.

AIR
O
SOURCES OF AIR

&

ne of the most misunderstood aspects of the Water & Wastewater industry is the presence of air in a pipeline and its impact on operations. Many operational problems, especially at the time of initial start-up including broken pumps, valves and pipe, as well as faulty instrumentation readings, are blamed on inadequate thrust blocking, improper pipeline bedding, etc. In reality, many of these problems are not caused by improper installation of the line, but by failure to de-aerate the line. Properly de-aerating your pipeline will safeguard it from air-related problems, however if no steps are taken to accomplish this, you should be ready for trouble.

Air in a pressurized, operating pipeline comes from three primary sources. First, prior to start-up, the line is not empty - it is full of air. To entirely fill a pipeline with fluid, it is necessary to eliminate this air. As the line fills, much of this air will be pushed downstream to be released through hydrants, faucets, etc. But a large amount will become trapped at system high points (Figure One). This phenomenon will occur because air is lighter than water and therefore, will collect at the high points. This air will continuously be added to by the second and third sources as the system continues operation. Air collects at high points

FIGURE TWO The third source of air is that which enters through mechanical equipment (Figure Two). This includes air being forced into the system by pumps as well as air being drawn in through packing, valves, etc. under vacuum conditions. As one can see, a pressurized pipeline is never without air and typically the volume is substantial.

IMPACT OF AIR ON SYSTEM


Now that we have identified the air sources, let us consider their impact on the system. Two problems are apparent. The pocket(s) of air accumulating at a high point(s) can result in a line restriction (Figure Three). Like any restriction, the Air collects at high points

Air bubbles raise to high point, increasing in size FIGURE ONE Source number two is the water itself. Water contains approximately 2% air by volume. During system operation, the entrained air will continuously separate out of the water and once again accumulate at system high points. To illustrate the potential massive amount of air this 2% represents, consider the following: A 1000 ft. length of pipe could contain a pocket of air 20 ft. long if all the air accumulated in one location. Or a one mile length of pipe could contain a 100 ft. slug. This would be true regardless of the diameter of the pipe.

Air bubbles raise to high point, increasing in size

Restricted flow increases velocity and head loss

FIGURE THREE

Air in a pressurized pipeline is a serious concern. Obviously, it's removal will result in a more efficient, cost effective operation and potentially avoid more serious problems.

pocket(s) of air increases headloss, extends pumping cycles and increases energy consumption. The presence of air can also promote corrosion of pipe and fittings. As air continues to accumulate at system high points, the fluid velocity increases as the fluid is forced through a smaller and smaller opening.

can and often will, lead to a high pressure surge (water hammer). Serious damage to valves, fittings, gaskets, or even breakage of the line can occur. This is the most serious of the possible consequences of air being allowed to accumulate in system high points.

HISTORICAL SOLUTIONS
As we can see, air in a pressurized pipeline is a serious concern. Obviously, it's removal will result in a more efficient, cost effective operation and potentially avoid more serious problems. In the early 1900's, engineers and water works personnel started developing an understanding of the

FIGURE FOUR Hydrant As the pocket(s) grow, one of two phenomena will occur. The first possibility is a total flow stoppage (Figure Four). If system dynamics are such that the air cannot be continuously trimmed (removed) by the increased fluid velocity and pushed downstream, then this could happen. As the pocket(s) continues to accumulate air, a pressure drop higher than pump capacity can develop and stop all flow. The second, and more likely occurrence, is that the increased velocity will cause all, or part of, the pocket to suddenly dislodge and be pushed downstream (Figure Five). The sudden and rapid change in fluid velocity when the pocket dislodges and is then stopped by another high point,

Air Pocket

Butterfly Valve

Distribution Line

FIGURE SIX problems associated with air and the search for a solution was on. Some depended on standpipes, believing that a large portion of the air would be expelled through them. Many began placing gate or ball valves at system high points to manually bleed off accumulated air. Unfortunately, it has proved impossible to predict when it is time to bleed the air. This proved impractical, especially on larger systems. Open fire hydrants (Figure Six) are frequently used under the assumption that all air in the pipeline will be released. Unfortunately, hydrants are generally connected to the side of

Part of air pocket breaks away, creating surge FIGURE FIVE

Air Release Valve

Air Valves are available in three basic configurations; (Figure Seven) Air/Vacuum Valves, Air Release Valves and Combination Valves. Correct sizing and location of all three types are critical (Figure Eight). Every high point greater than one pipe diameter where the pipeline converts from a positive grade to a negative grade requires an air valve. Even minimal high points with small air pockets can cause serious surge problems. In addition, it is recommended that air valves be installed every half mile or 2500 feet on straight horizontal runs.

Combination Air Valve

AIR/VACUUM VALVES

Air/Vacuum Valve FIGURE SEVEN the pipe, leaving air trapped at the top and at system high points. It should be noted that there are still a few municipalities using these methods!

OPEN Air exhausted during pipeline fill

THE AIR VALVE SOLUTION


Today, most municipalities utilize Automatic Air Valves. They are available in many different designs and configurations for a wide range of applications. Their function is to automatically release and admit air without operator assistance. Today, countless Air Valves are performing this task around the globe on a daily basis.

CLOSED Pipeline under pressure

OPEN Air enters during pipeline draining

FIGURE NINE

FIGURE EIGHT

An added benefit of an Air/Vacuum Valve is its ability to provide pipeline vacuum protection. If a negative pressure develops, the valve will prevent a possible pipeline collapse.
Air/Vacuum Valves (Figure Nine), sometimes referred to as "large orifice" valves, are used to exhaust large quantities of air upon system start-up, as well as allowing air to re-enter the line upon system shut down or system failure. As water enters the valve, the float will rise, closing the discharge port. The valve will remain closed until system pressure drops to near zero psi. It will not open and release any accumulation of air while the system is under pressure. An added benefit of an Air/Vacuum Valve is its ability to provide pipeline vacuum protection. If a negative pressure develops, the valve will open, admitting air into the line, preventing a possible pipeline collapse or intensified surges. While Air/Vacuum Valves will exhaust large quantities of air upon start-up, it should be remembered that they will not continuously release air during system operation. For this function, an Air Release Valve is required.

Full Vacuum Flow Controlled Air Discharge

FIGURE ELEVEN Throttling Device, the vacuum flow does not need to flow through the drain piping thereby eliminating the risk of contamination of vacuum blockage.

WELL SERVICE AIR VALVES

AIR RELEASE VALVES

Inlet

FIGURE TEN Well Service Air Valves (Figure Ten) are a member of the Air/Vacuum Valve family. Vertical Turbine pump manufacturers recommend the use of Well Service Air Valves to eliminate the introduction of air into the line by the pump. They are specifically designed to vent air from the pump column upon pump start-up, prior to the check valve opening. Well Service Air Valves are equipped with Throttling Devices and piped exhausts to control the rapid air discharge from these valves. Val-Matic provides Dual Port Throttling Devices (Figure Eleven) on 1/2 to 3 valves and Anti-Slam on 4 and larger. The Throttling Device provides controlled air discharge and full vacuum flow after pump shutdown through a separate top port. With the Val-Matic Dual Port

FIGURE TWELVE Unlike an Air/Vacuum Valve, an Air Release Valve (Figure Twelve), sometimes referred to as a "small orifice" valve, will continuously release accumulated air during system operation. As air from the pipeline enters the valve, it displaces the water, allowing the float to drop. The air is then released into the atmosphere through a small orifice. As the air is vented it is replaced by water, raising the float and closing the valve orifice. As air accumulates, the valve will continue to cycle in this manner to remove collected air.

COMBINATION AIR VALVES


Combination Air Valves (Figure Thirteen) are the most commonly used valves. They perform the functions of an Air/Vacuum Valve (exhaust large quantities of air on start-up,

Valves provide pipelines with all the protection of a standard combination air valve plus the additional feature of an anti-slam, regulated closure device which prevents the air valve from being slammed shut during critical operation. The flow of water is throttled through the anti-slam device to a degree that allows the air valve to fill at a controlled rate. By controlling the air valve closure, a shock or water hammer condition is prevented from occurring within the valve.

VACUUM BREAKER VALVES


For critical applications where vacuum protection is a must or where column separation is predicted, a vacuum breaker (Figure 15) is used. The Vacuum Breaker is mounted at critical pipeline high points, penstocks, or tanks and allows for rapid inflow of atmospheric air through a screened hood to reduce vacuum conditions in piping systems. When positive pressure in the system is restored, the vacuum breaker provides a positive synthetic seal to maintain system pressure. When equipped with an air release valve, the vacuum breaker can be used to slowly exhaust the air that was admitted to the pipeline. The slow release of air prevents the sudden rejoining of separated columns in a pipeline and the associated pressure surges or water hammer.

FIGURE THIRTEEN admit air on shut-down) and Air Release Valves (release air continuously during operation). Combination Air Valves are available in single body and dual body (an Air/Vacuum Valve and Air Release Valve piped together) configurations. The single body configuration is more compact and economical. The dual body configuration provides two independent valves so that if maintenance is being performed on the air release valve, the air/vacuum valve is still protecting the pipeline. The dual-body valve also provides a much wider range of sizing options.

ANTI-SLAM COMBINATION AIR VALVES


Anti-Slam Combination Air Valves (Figure 14) are commonly used on pipeline highpoints where rapid changes in flow velocity or column separation may occur. Column separation is a serious phenomenon in a pipeline caused by the formation of a vapor pocket at high points above the hydraulic grade line after pump outages. The vapor pocket rapidly collapses as the water columns rejoin causing extreme surge pressures in the piping system. Anti-Slam

FIGURE FIFTEEN

SUMMARY
To summarize, when air is allowed to accumulate in pressurized pipelines, efficiency is sacrificed and serious damage can occur. A properly de-aerated pipeline will not solve all surge problems; however, the elimination of air can solve one of the most common causes. Air Valves are a cost effective, reliable method of improving efficiency and solving air related surge problems. FIGURE FOURTEEN 7

Exclusive Features and Benefits

rom the float material to the shape of the body, Val-Matic Air Valves are designed for years of reliable performance. All valves meet AWWA C512 requirements.

HEAVY DUTY STAINLESS STEEL


Stainless steel type 316 is the standard of Water & Wastewater facilities throughout the world when quality and longevity count. That is the reason Val-Matic uses type 316 stainless steel in every internal component in every Air Valve we make. From nuts to floats, it's all you'll find inside Val-Matic Air Valves. The only exception is the resilient sealing member. Our sealing members use a variety of synthetic compounds to assure a tight seal from the lowest system pressures to the valve's maximum rated working pressure. The float is the heart of an Air Valve. One pinhole or nick in the float's sealing surface will cause premature failure. That's why Val-Matic starts with heavy-duty type 316 stainless steel and uses it exclusively throughout our line. Val-Matic unconditionally guarantees all air valve floats. Providing a quality float is not enough to assure a good seal every time. When

entering the seat, a damaged or off-center float will prevent a valve from closing. The high velocities that Air/Vacuum valves are exposed to can cause unguided floats to be violently tossed about from side to side and continuously thrust against the valve body. For these reasons, all Val-Matic Air/ Vacuum Valve floats are center guided. Center guiding guarantees that the float approaches the seat at a 90 angle to provide a positive drop tight seal each time. Round stainless steel bushings position the hexagonal guides and hold them firm. The use of hexagonal guides in round bushings prevents binding and allows for self-cleaning of the bushings.

AIR/VACUUM INLETS AND OUTLETS


When is a two-inch hole smaller than a two-inch hole? When you buy an Air/Vacuum valve with inlets and outlets of different diameters. A two-inch Air/Vacuum Valve with a one-inch outlet orifice has the effective capacity of only a one-inch Air/Vacuum Valve. Put simply, no one can put more than a gallon of water in a gallon container. No one can push more air through a one-inch hole than its size is capable of allowing. That's why check valve and shut-off valve manufacturers strive to maintain full pipe diameter through the valve body. A loss of efficiency occurs when you restrict flow through the valve. In the case of an Air/Vacuum valve, it can lead to serious consequences if the valve is not capable of relieving a vacuum condition due to restricted flow. For this reason, all Val-Matic Air/Vacuum valve outlets are greater or equal to the valve's nominal size. Val-Matic has expertise and experience in providing global solutions to air related concerns coupled with quality products. That is why Val-Matic is the world leader in air valve technology!

SEATS
All standard models incorporate a resilient sealing member which mates to stainless steel. Air Release Valves have a synthetic sealing member mounted to the float linkage mechanism. It closes against a stainless steel seat mounted in the valve cover. On Air/Vacuum Valves, the stainless steel float closes against a synthetic seat mechanically retained in the body. The patented resilient seat provides positive shut off from the lowest system pressure to the valves rated working pressure.

Sizing Software
8

The Val-Matic Air Valve sizing program is an easy to use Windows Computer Program for locating and sizing Air Valves in Water and Wastewater applications. Provided system parameters, airValve will calculate system data and develop criteria such as flow rate due to slope. It will recommend valve locations, sizes and models and print a valve schedule with profile for the user. Finally, the program will save your data for future reference. Available online for download, or by requesting a copy, the Val-Matic airValve Sizing Software is an indispensible, free resource that allows engineers to more effectively, and more easily, design their pipeline.

Wastewater Features & Benefits

astewater Air Valves are designed for non-clog operation. The body is extended to keep the media away from the operating mechanism. The body is also expanded and sloped at the bottom to help prevent clogging. Val-Matic provides a minimum 2" inlet and 2 cleanout on all wastewater air valves to facilitate the passage of solids. While all of these design initiatives help, they do not completely eliminate the problem of wastewater build up inside the valve, especially in collection systems containing a high grease content from food and drink establishments. It should be noted that all wastewater air valves experience wastewater and grease buildup problems. Therefore, it is recommended that the specifier consider one or more of the following options when purchasing wastewater air valves.

COATINGS
Two optional coatings are available to minimize the build up of sewage on the inside of the valve. The first is fusion bonded epoxy. Used extensively in the municipal Water & Wastewater industry it is extremely durable and holds up well to the abrasive nature of wastewater. The coating minimizes the buildup of grease and sewage on the interior walls of the valve. The second coating available is a special Teflon coating developed by Val-Matic that performs extremely well in wastewater and does an excellent job of minimizing buildup. This option should be considered when high concentrations of grease are present.

Air Release Valve with Backwash Accessories

BACKWASHING ON SITE
In most wastewater systems, backwashing will be necessary. The frequency will be determined by whether or not the interior of the valve has been coated, the turbidity of the flow, and grease content. Backwash kits contain the fittings, shut off valves and rubber hose necessary to complete the job. A 1" clean water supply of at least 30 psi is needed at the site.

BACKWASHING OFF SITE


For those installations where backwashing on site is not practical or desirable, a final option is to establish a valve rotation program. The program provides for scheduled backwashing of all valves in the system. A backwashed valve replaces one requiring service. The valve to be serviced is taken back to the shop, placed in a backwash rig and cleaned. It is then ready to replace the next valve scheduled. The valve rotation program also provides the benefit of a backup valve in the unlikely event one should ever fail. Dual Body Combination Air Valve w/Backwash Acc. 9

Basic Applications and Solutions

he wide range of air related concerns in pipeline and treatment plant design require a multitude of solutions. With the broadest line of air valves available coupled with Engineering expertise and Manufacturing experience, Val-Matic is the number one source for solutions to air related issues. The following are a few of the basic valve applications and the solutions Val-Matic can provide.

EFFICIENCY AND VACUUM PROTECTION


The primary purpose of air valves is to provide pipeline efficiency by continuous removal of air at pipeline highpoints and vacuum protection by admitting large quantities of air upon pump shut down or system failure.

SURGE PROTECTION
Less recognized is the use of air in pipelines to control or reduce surges. Surges result from sudden changes in the velocity of the pipeline fluid that occur regularly due to pump start up and shut down. The effects of surges can be devastating. Surges are typically equal to approximately 50 psi for every 1 ft/sec of rapid change in flow velocity. This is added to the pipeline static pressure. Through computer modeling and transient analysis it has been shown that air and air valves can play a critical roll in preventing and controlling pipeline surges.

in the line. As mentioned previously, to prevent a vacuum from forming an Air/Vacuum Valve admits large quantities of air into a pipeline. However, allowing the two columns of fluid to come back together uncontrolled can cause a tremendous surge. Air is used to prevent a vacuum; using either an anti-slam device or a regulated exhaust device in conjunction with a Combination Air Valve air can be used to prevent a surge. Both devices will regulate the exhausting of air while leaving enough air to cushion the impact of the two columns of fluid when they collide. Another solution is to use a Vacuum Breaker with an Air Release valve. While the vacuum breaker provides unimpeded air flow for vacuum protection, the small orifice of the Air Release valve will slow the exhausting of air leaving behind a cushion to soften the impact when the two columns collide.

check valve. For systems with power actuated check valves, a Well Service Air Release Valve is used. The valve orifice is sized to control the rise of water in the pump column at a reasonable velocity such as 2ft/sec. The valve vents air at the full pump pressure for a given period of time after which the control valve is signaled to open. The control valve opens after the Air Release valve vents air at the full pump pressure for any given time. (See Val-Matic technical paper AEG-302.)

LOOK TO VAL-MATIC FOR SOLUTIONS!


Engineering excellence....Manufacturing experience.A broad line of valves. No wonder Engineers and system operators look to Val-Matic for solutions.

PUMP COLUMN SURGES


Full velocity rapidly develops in a pump column when a vertical turbine pump starts against a closed check valve. A power actuated check valve must absorb the full force of the impending impact. A mechanical check valve will open, relieving a portion of the force but will take a beating. As discussed, the best way to prevent extreme surges in the pump column and connecting piping is to control the discharge of air upon pump start up. For systems with mechanical check valves a Well Service Air Valve with a Throttling, or Anti-Slam device is used. The air is rapidly vented at 2-5 psi from the pump column at a controlled rate so that all or most of the air escapes just before the force of the pump pressure opens the

LINE SURGES
Power/system failures can often result in a column of water separating at high points

10

Applications, Functions, Purpose, and Features

Val-Matic Air Valves fully comply with ANSI/AWWA C512.

The following technical papers are available for additional information: Theory, Application, and Sizing of Air Valves; as well as Air Valves for Fire Protection.

11

WATER & WASTEWATER AIR RELEASE VALVES


Val-Matic Air Release Valves maintain your pipelines efficiency. Trapped pockets of air that accumulate in your pipeline will lower your flow rates and increase surges. An Air Release Valve that automatically releases these pockets of air is an inexpensive and safe way to protect your line and improve its value. As the flow decreases in a pipeline, the pumps are forced to work harder and are less efficient; ultimately this could result in a total system blockage. Air Release Valves protect your line with minimal maintenance or management. Unconditionally guaranteed stainless Steel floats housed in rugged cast bodies assure that your line is protected. The operation of an efficient line requires the use of an Air Release Valve.

OPTIONS:
Vacuum Check Outlet Hoods

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
Standard
Body and Cover Trim Coating Cast Iron, ASTM A126 Class B < 300 psig Type 316 Stainless Steel Universal Alkyd Primer

Optional
Cast Steel, ASTM A216 Grade WCB Stainless Steel, ASTM A351 Grade CF8M Ductile Iron, ASTM A536 -Fusion Bonded Epoxy

Venting Capacity for Air Release Valve Orifice Sizes

12

INSTALLATION DIMENSIONS/ ORIFICE SIZES


WATER AIR RELEASE VALVES
Model Number
15A 15A.2 15A.3 22.3 22.4 22.7 22.9 25.5 25.6 38 38.2 38.5 38.6 45 45.2 45.5 45.6 50 50HP

Valve Size
1/2 3/4 1 1 1/2 - 3/4 1/2 1/2 - 1 1 3/4 - 1 1 2 1 2 2 3 2 3 2 2

Inlet Size
1/2 3/4 1 1 3/4 1/2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 3 2 3 2 2

Outlet Size NPT


1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1 1 1 1 1 1

CWP PSI
175 175 175 175 175 300 300 150 300 150 150 300 300 150 150 300 300 500 1000

Orifice Size
1/16 1/16 1/16 3/32 3/32 1/16 1/16 1/8 3/32 3/16 3/16 5/32 5/32 23/64 23/64 7/32 7/32 7/32 1/8

Dimensions A
4 3/4 4 3/4 4 3/4 5 1/8 5 1/8 5 1/8 5 1/8 6 1/8 6 1/8 7 7 7 7 9 1/2 9 1/2 9 1/2 9 1/2 10 7/8 10 7/8

B
5 1/4 5 1/4 5 1/4 6 6 6 6 7 7 10 10 10 10 12 1/4 12 1/4 12 1/4 12 1/4 13 13

15A - 50HP Air Release Valve

WASTEWATER AIR RELEASE VALVES


Model Number
48A 48A.2 48A.4 48A.5 49A 49A.2 49A.4 49A.5

Valve Size
2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3

Inlet Outlet Size NPT Size NPT


2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1 1 1 1

CWP PSI
150 150 75 75 150 150 75 75

Orifice Size
3/16 3/16 5/16 5/16 7/16 7/16 1/2 1/2

Dimensions A
7 7 7 7 9 1/2 9 1/2 9 1/2 9 1/2

B
15 5/16 15 5/16 15 5/16 15 5/16 17 9/16 17 9/16 17 9/16 17 9/16

48A - 49A.5 Wastewater Air Release Valve

WASTEWATER AIR RELEASE VALVES W/ BACKWASH ACCS.


Model Number
48ABW 48A.2BW 48A.4BW 48A.5BW 49ABW 49A.2BW 49A.4BW 49A.5BW

Valve Size
2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3

Inlet Outlet Size NPT Size NPT


2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1 1 1 1

CWP PSI
150 150 75 75 150 150 75 75

Orifice Size
3/16 3/16 5/16 5/16 7/16 7/16 1/2 1/2

Dimensions A B
10 1/2 23 5/16 10 1/2 26 13/16 10 1/2 23 5/16 10 1/2 26 13/16 14 14 14 14 26 1/16 29 9/16 26 1/16 29 9/16

48ABW - 49A.5BW Wastewater Air Release Valve w/BWA

13

WATER & WASTEWATER AIR/VACUUM VALVES


Val-Matics dual feature Air/Vacuum valve protects your pipeline from the damaging and expensive effects of air. When filling your line, large quantities of air are exhausted through an Air/Vacuum Valve maximizing your fluid levels. Less air means more space available for fluid. An Air/Vacuum valve responds to the loss of pressure during intentional drains, power failures, and pipe bursts. The valve allows air to re-enter a system, which, equalizes the pressure and lessens the vacuum that causes pipeline collapses and intensifies surges.

OPTIONS:
Vacuum Check Kits Threaded Hoods Anti-Slam Device Threaded and Flanged Outlets Hooded Outlets

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION Standard


Body and Cover Trim Coating Cast Iron, ASTM A126 Class B Class 125 and 250 Type 316 Stainless Steel Universal Alkyd Primer

Optional

Ductile Iron, ASTM A536 Grade 65-45-12 Stainless Steel, ASTM A351 Grade CF8M Fusion Bonded Epoxy

FLOW CAPACITY OF AIR/VACUUM VALVES

14

WATER & WASTEWATER AIR/VACUUM VALVES


WATER AIR/VACUUM VALVES Model Number
100S 101S 102S 103S

Valve Size
1/2 1 2 3

Inlet Size

Outlet Size

CWP PSI
300 300 300 300

Dimensions A B
6 1/8 7 9 1/2 9 1/2 7 9 1/2 12 12

1/2 NPT 1/2 NPT 1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT

100S - 103S Air/Vacuum Valves

Model Number
104S 154S 106 156 108 158 110 160 112 162 114 164 116 166 120 170

Valve Size
4 6 8 10 12 14 16 20

WATER AIR/VACUUM VALVES Inlet Outlet CWP Size Size PSI


4 Flg. 6 Flg. 8 Flg. 10 Flg. 12 Flg. 14 Flg. 16 Flg. 20 Flg. 4 NPT 6 Hood 8 Hood 10 Hood 12 Hood 14 Hood 16 Hood 20 Hood

Dimensions A B

125lb - 150 12 17 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 14 20 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 18 23 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 20 26 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 24 31 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 27 34 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 30 1/2 34 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 38 1/4 36 1/4 250lb - 300

104S - 170 Air/Vacuum Valves

WASTEWATER AIR/VACUUM VALVES Model Number


301A 302A 303A 304 306 308

Valve Size
1 2 3 4 6 8

Inlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 Flg. 6 Flg. 8 Flg.

Outlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT 6NPT 8 Flg.

CWP PSI
150 150 150 150 150 150

Dimensions A B
7 9 1/2 9 1/2 15 1/16 17 7/16 17 7/16

301A - 308 Wastewater Air/Vacuum Valve

11 1/2 36 1/2 14 18 36 1/2 41 1/4

WASTEWATER AIR/VACUUM VALVES W/ BACKWASH ACCESSORIES Dimensions Model Valve Inlet Outlet CWP Number Size Size Size PSI A B
301ABW 302ABW 303ABW 304BW 306BW 308BW 2x1 2x2 3x3 4 6 8 2 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 Flg. 6 Flg. 8 Flg. 1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT 6 NPT 8 Flg. 150 150 150 150 150 150 10 1/2 23 1/16 14 14 17 20 23 24 7/16 29 7/16 45 1/2 47 53

301ABW - 308BW Wastewater Air/Vacuum Valve w/BWA

15

WATER & WASTEWATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES


Designed to bring together the features of an Air Release and Air/Vacuum Valve, Combination Air Valves give you the maximum of pipeline protection and efficiency. For high capacity venting of air during pipeline filling the Air/Vacuum feature maximizes your fluids flow area. An Air/Vacuum valve also forces air back into a system. This pressurizes the pipeline and avoids a destructive vacuum that occurs during draining or pipe bursts. Trapped pockets of air that travel through a pipeline system are exhausted through Air Release Valves. These pockets collect at high points and limit your fluids flow rate. That forces your pump to work harder which increases your cost. Combination Valves combine the traditional and proven features of both the Air Release and Air Vacuum valve.

OPTIONS:
Outlet Hoods Backwash Accessories Isolation Valves

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION Standard


Body and Cover Trim Coating Cast Iron, ASTM A126 Class B Class 125 and 250 Type 316 Stainless Steel Universal Alkyd Primer

Optional

Ductile Iron, ASTM A536 Grade 65-45-12 Stainless Steel, ASTM A351 Grade CF8M Fusion Bonded Epoxy

FLOW CAPACITY OF COMBINATION AIR VALVES

16

WATER & WASTEWATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES


WATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES (SINGLE BODY)
Model Number
201C.2 202C.2 203C.2 204C.2 203C.14 204C.14 203C.15 204C.15 206C 256C 208C 258C

Valve Size
1 2 3 4 3 4 3 4 6 6 8 8

Inlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT 3 125lb Flg. 4 125lb Flg.

Outlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT

CWP PSI
300 300 300 300 150 150 300 300 150 300 150 300

Orifice Size
5/64 3/32 3/32 3/32 3/32 3/32 3/32 3/32 3/8 7/32 3/8 7/32

Dimensions A
11 3/8 14 16 18 1/2 16 18 1/2 16 18 1/2 21 21 25 25

B
10 1/2 13 15 17 17 19 17 1/2 19 1/2 20 1/4 20 1/4 23 1/2 23 1/2

201C.2 - 204C.15 Combination Air Valve

3 250lb Flg. 3 NPT 4 250lb Flg. 4 NPT

6 125lb Flg. 6 Hood 6 250lb Flg. 6 Hood 8 125lb Flg. 8 Hood 8 250lb Flg. 8 Hood

WATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES (DUAL BODY)


Model Number
101S/22.9 102S/22.9 103S/22.9

Valve Size
1 2 3

Inlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT

Outlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT

CWP PSI
300 300 300

Orifice Size
1/16 1/16 1/16

Dimensions A
7 7/8 10 1/4 10 1/4

206C - 258C Single Body Combination Air Valve

B
15 5/8 17 7/8 18 1/4

101S/22.9 - 103S/22.9 Dual Body Combination Air Valve Anti-Slam Combination Air Valves and Isolation Valves in a pump discharge application.

17

WATER & WASTEWATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES


WATER COMBINATION VALVES (DUAL BODY)
Model Number
104S/38 154S/38.5 106/38 156/38.5 108/38 158/38.5 108/45 158/45.5 110/38 160/38.5 110/45 160/45.5 112/38 162/38.5 112/45 162/45.5 114/38 164/38.5 114/45 164/45.5 116/38 166/38.5 116/45 166/45.5

Valve Size
4 6 8 8 10 10 12 12 14 14 16 16

Inlet Size
4 Flg. 6 Flg. 8 Flg. 8 Flg. 10 Flg. 10 Flg. 12 Flg. 12 Flg. 14 Flg. 14 Flg. 16 Flg. 16 Flg.

Outlet Size Air/Vacuum


4 NPT 6 Hood 8 Hood 8 Hood 10 Hood 10 Hood 12 Hood 12 Hood 14 Hood 14 Hood 16 Hood 16 Hood

CWP PSI
125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300 125lb - 150 250lb - 300

Orifice Size Air Release


3/16 5/32 3/16 5/32 3/16 5/32 23/64 7/32 3/16 5/32 23/64 7/32 3/16 5/32 23/64 7/32 3/16 5/32 23/64 7/32 3/16 5/32 23/64 7/32

Dimensions A
21 24 27 30 30 33 33 37 36 40 39 44

B
22 23 26 29 28 31 32 34 1/2 34 36 34 37

104S/38 - 166/45.5 Dual Body Combination Air Valve

801A - 804 Wastewater Single Body Combination Air Valve

WASTEWATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES (SINGLE BODY)


Valve Size*
2x1 2x2 3x3 4x4

Model Number
801A 802A 803A 804

Inlet Size
2 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT

Outlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT

CWP PSI
150 150 150 150

Orifice Size
1/8 9/64 11/64 11/64

Dimensions A B
7 14 15/16 9 1/2 18 1/16 11 23 1/2 11 23 1/2

48A/301A - 49A/303A Dual Body Wastewater Combination Air Valve

WASTEWATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES (DUAL BODY)


Model Number
48A/301A 48A/302A 49A/302A 48A/303A 49A/303A 48A/304 49A/304 48A/306 49A/306 48A/308 49A/308 * Inlet x Outlet

Valve Size*
2x1 2x2 2x2 3x3 3x3 4X4 4x4 6x6 6x6 8X8 8x8

Inlet Size
2 NPT 2 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 3 NPT 4 Flg. 4 Flg. 6 Flg. 6 Flg 8 Flg. 8 Flg.

Outlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT 4 NPT 6 NPT 6 NPT 8 Flg. 8 Flg.

CWP PSI
150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150

Orifice Size
3/16 3/16 7/16 3/16 7/16 3/16 7/16 3/16 7/16 3/16 7/16

Dimensions A B
20 20 3/4 20 3/4 21 1/2 21 1/2 20 3/4 20 3/4 23 1/4 23 1/4 25 3/4 27 1/2 20 5/16 25 3/4 22 3/4 28 1/4 24 3/4 36 1/2 36 1/2 36 1/2 36 1/2 41 1/4 41 1/4

48A/304 - 49A/308 Dual Body Wastewater Combination Air Valve 18

WATER & WASTEWATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES


WASTEWATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES W/ BWA (SINGLE BODY) Outlet Dimensions Model Valve Inlet CWP Orifice Size Number Size Size PSI Size A B Air/Vacuum
801ABW 802ABW 803ABW 804BW 2x1 2x2 3x3 4x4 2 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT 1 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT 150 150 150 150 1/8 9/64 11/64 11/64 10 1/2 14 16 16 23 1/16 23 9/16 30 1/2 33

WASTEWATER COMBINATION AIR VALVES W/BWA (DUAL BODY) Dimensions Outlet Model Valve Inlet CWP Orifice Size Number Size Size PSI Size A B Air/Vacuum
48A/301ABW 48A/302ABW 49A/302ABW 48A/303ABW 49A/303ABW 48A/304BW 49A/304BW 48A/306BW 49A/306BW 48A/308BW 49A/308BW 2x1 2x2 2x2 3x3 3x3 4x4 4x4 6x6 6x6 8x8 8x8 2 NPT 2 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 3 NPT 4 Flg. 4 Flg. 6 Flg. 6Flg. 8 Flg. 8 Flg. 1 NPT 2 NPT 2 NPT 3 NPT 3 NPT 4 NPT 4 NPT 6 NPT 6 NPT 8 Flg. 8 Flg. 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 3/16 3/16 7/16 3/16 7/16 3/16 7/16 3/16 7/16 3/16 7/16 28 1/4 22 13/16 29 1/2 24 1/2 35 32 35 28 1/2 35 32 34 46 34 46 36 47 36 47 39 53 39 53

801ABW - 804BW Single Body Wastewater Combination Air Valve

48A/301ABW - 49A/303ABW Dual Body Wastewater Combination Air Valve

Air Valves are commonly found in plant service as well as pipelines for efficiency and protection.

48A/304BW - 49A/308BW Dual Body Wastewater Combination Air Valve 19

ANTI-SLAM COMBINATION AIR VALVES

Anti-Slam Combination Air Valves (CAV) are equipped with an AntiSlam Device which controls the flow of water into the air valve to reduce surges. This style of air valve provides pipelines with all of the protection of a standard CAV plus the additional feature of regulated closure which prevents the CAV from being slammed shut during critical operation. By thus preventing the rapid closure of the valve, a shock or water hammer condition is prevented from occurring within the valve and possibly causing damage to the pipeline or valve. When equipped with an Anti-Slam Device, the sizing differential pressure may be as high as 5 PSI (35 kPa) as opposed to the typical

2 PSI (14 kPa), thus resulting in the selection of a smaller valve. The Anti-Slam Device is mounted on the inlet of the CAV. It allows air to pass through it unrestricted during either the air discharge or air re-entry cycle. When water (because of its greater density) enters the Anti-Slam Device, the disc will rapidly close and provide for slow closure of the float. The disc contains ports which allow water to flow through the anti slam device when closed to fill the CAV with water at a controlled rate. The flow area of the anti-slam disc ports is typically about 5% of the full port area and is adjustable by adding threaded plugs to the ports.

COMPONENT Body Trim Exterior Coating

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION STANDARD OPTIONAL Cast Iron ASTM A126 Class B Ductile Iron ASTM A536 Gr. 65-45-12 Bronze ASTM B584, C83600 Stainless Steel ASTM A351, Grade CF8M Universal Primer Fusion Bonded Epoxy

FLOW CAPACITY OF ANTI-SLAM COMBINATION AIR VALVES

20

ANTI-SLAM COMBINATION AIR VALVES


ANTI-SLAM COMBINATION AIR VALVES (SINGLE BODY)
Valve Size
1 2 3 4 6 8

Model Number
1201T/201C.2 1202T/202C.2 1203/203C.2 1204/204C.2 1206/206C 1256/256C 1208/208C 1258/258C

Inlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 3 125LB Flg. 4 125LB Flg. 6 125LB Flg. 8 250LB Flg. 6 125LB Flg. 8 250LB Flg.

CWP (PSI) Orifice SIze


250 250 300 300 150 300 150 300 5/64 3/32 3/32 3/23 3/8 7/32 3/8 7/32

A
11 3/8 14 16 18 1/2 21 21 25 25

B
13 5/8 17 1/4 23 26 1/4 30 30 36 36

ANTI-SLAM COMBINATION AIR VALVES (DUAL BODY)


Valve Size
1 2 3 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 20

Model Number
1201T/101S/38.5 1202T/102S/38.5 1203T/103S/38.5 1204/104S/38 1254/154S/38.5 1206/106/38 1256/156/38.5 1208/108/38 1258/158/38.5 1210/110/45 1260/160/45.5 1212/112/45 1262/162/45.5 1214/114/45 1264/164/45.5 1216/116/45 1266/166/45.5 1220/120/45 1270/170/45.5

Inlet Size
1 NPT 2 NPT 3 125LB Flg. 4 125LB Flg. 4 250LB Flg. 6 125LB Flg. 6 250LB Flg. 8 125LB Flg. 8 250LB Flg. 10 125LB Flg. 10 250LB Flg. 12 125LB Flg. 12 250LB Flg. 14 125LB Flg. 14 250LB Flg. 16 125LB Flg. 16 250LB Flg. 20 125LB Flg. 20 250LB Flg.

CWP (PSI) Orifice SIze


300 300 300 150 300 150 300 150 300 150 300 150 300 150 300 150 300 150 300 5/32 5/32 5/32 3/16 5/32 3/16 5/32 3/16 5/32 23/64 7/32 23/64 7/32 23/64 7/32 23/64 7/32 23/64 7/32

A
14 1/2 16 1/2 26 3/4 21 21 22 1/2 22 1/2 27 27 33 33 37 37 40 40 44 44 51 3/4 51 3/4

B
16 1/2 22 1/4 16 3/4 29 29 33 33 38 38 47 47 48 1/2 48 1/2 50 50 54 54 59 7/8 59 7/8

1201T/201C.2 - 1202/202C.2 Anti-Slam Single Body Combination Air Valve

1203/203C.2 - 1204/204C.2 Anti-Slam Single Body Combination Air Valve

1201T/101S/38.5 - 1203T/103S/38.5 Anti-Slam Dual Body Combination Air Valve

1204/104S/38 - 1270/170/45.5 Anti-Slam Dual Body Combination Air Valve

1206/206C - 1258/258C Anti-Slam Dual Body Combination Air Valve 21

WELL SERVICE AIR VALVES


Vertical pumps have an air-filled discharge column when not running. A well pump is typically submerged several hundred feet and isolated from the pipeline by a check valve mounted at ground level. When the pump is off, the water level in the well drops to its static level allowing a large column of air to collect in the pump column. In the absence of an air valve, the air in the pump column would be pressurized upon pump start up and forced through the check valve into the pipeline causing air related problems. All vertical pumps should have a Well Service Air Valve installed just upstream of the check valve.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION

DUAL PORT THROTTLING DEVICE


The purpose of the Throttling Device is to slow the release of air and thereby slow the rise of water in the pump column. Dual Port Throttling Devices are standard on Well Service valves sizes 1/2 - 3 and optional on larger valves when valve closure is rapid. A Throttling Device has an exhaust disc which is typically adjusted between 5% and 30% open to control the venting rate. The valve needs to be set in the field and tuned to the operation of the pump. The Throttling Device should be opened just enough so that all of the air is discharged before the check valve opens. Opening the Throttling Device further will increase the pressure surge in the pump column. The Throttling Device also allows air to re-enter the pump column when the pump is stopped to prevent a vacuum. A vacuum can damage the seals in the pump or cause pump damage if it is restarted while the water is still dropping in the well. To provide positive assurance against a vacuum, a Dual Ported Throttling Device is needed where the vacuum port is separate from the exhaust port. If there is a common outlet, then the vacuum flow will be greatly restricted through the air discharge pipe. The vacuum flow could also be stopped or contaminated if the air discharge pipe becomes submerged in a drain or a high wet well level. A Dual Port Throttling Device should be used at all times.

Standard Body and Cover Trim Coating Cast Iron ASTM A126, Class B Class 125 and 250 Ductile Iron ASTM A536 Grade 65-45-12, Class 300 Type 316 Stainless Steel Universal Alkyd Primer

Optional Stainless Steel, ASTM A351 Grade CF8M

Fusion Bonded Epoxy

WELL SERVICE AIR VALVE SIZING MODEL NUMBER VALVE NO HEAD PUMP SIZE CAPACITY, GPM 150 PSI MODEL 300 PSI MODEL 1/2 1 2 3 4 6 8 10 12 0 - 200 0 - 350 201 - 500 351 - 1,350 501 - 1,200 1,351 - 4,000 1,201 - 2,000 4,001 - 7,000 7,001 - 11,000 11,001 - 24,000 24,001 - 50,000 50,001 - 70,000 70,001 - 110,000 104WS 106WS 108WS 110WS 112WS 100WS 100ST 101WS 101ST 102WS 102ST 103WS 103ST 154WS 156WS 158WS 160WS 162WS

22

WELL SERVICE AIR VALVES


DESIGN FEATURES
The 1/2 - 3 threaded inlet valves are equipped with a dual port throttling device. The flanged inlet valves 4 and larger are equipped with an anti-slam device. It is recommended that for in plant installations the threaded discharge of the valve be piped to a drain to accommodate any small amount of water that may be discharged from the valve on closure. An optional well screen (WS) is available to further dissipate the water velocities in the valve (sizes 1/2 - 3.) release and minimize surges, especially with slow opening, control type check valves and to protect the Air Valve from pressure surges.

WELL SERVICE AIR VALVE INSTALLATION


Pump service is a severe application for air valves. The Well Service Air Valve is installed at ground level upstream of the check valve. When the pump is started, it runs for the first few seconds against little or no head. Hence, the actual flow rate can be as high as 150% of the normal flow rate while the air is being vented. Because of the dynamics involved, the air discharge is sonic and can cause water to bypass the rapidly closing air valve. Therefore, the valve outlet should be piped back to the wet well or an open drain.

WELL SERVICE AIR VALVE OPERATION


Well Service Air Valves are similar to Air/Vacuum Valves and are designed to exhaust air on pump start-up and admit air upon pump shut down. The valve is a normally open, float-operated valve that vents or admits air at high rates. When water enters the valve, the float automatically rises and closes to prevent discharge of the water. As the last of the air is vented, water simultaneously strikes the air valve and the closed check valve. If the flow velocity is high enough, surges will occur in the pump column and discharge pipe. Anti-Slam Devices and Throttling Devices are provided to control the rate of air

Well Service Air Valve w/ Dual Port Throttling Device


Model Valve Inlet Outlet CWP Number Size Size SIze PSI
100ST 101ST* 102ST* 103ST* *UL Listed 1/2 1 2 3 1/2 1/2 NPT 1 1 NPT 2 2 NPT 3 3 NPT 300 300 300 300

Dimensions A
6 1/8 7 9 1/2 9 1/2

B
11 3/4 14 3/4 20 1/8 22 1/8

100ST - 103ST Well Service Air Valve

Well Service Air Valve with Anti-Slam


Valve Model Size Number 104WS 4 154WS 106WS 6 156WS 108WS 8 158WS 110WS 10 160WS 112WS 12 162WS Inlet Size 4 125lb Flg. 4 250lb Flg. 6 125lb Flg. 6 250lb Flg. 8 125lb Flg. 8 250lb Flg. 10 125lb Flg. 10 250lb Flg. 12 125lb Flg. 12 250lb Flg. CWP PSI 150 4NPT 300 150 6 NPT 300 150 8 125lb Flg. 300 150 10 125lb Flg. 300 150 12 125lb Flg. 300 Outlet Size A 11 1/2 14 B 22 3/4 28 1/2

17 1/4 35 5/16 20 1/4 40 1/16 24 44 5/16 104WS - 162WS Well Service Air Valve

23

VACUUM BREAKER VALVES


Val-Matic Vacuum Breaker Valves protect and maintain a pipeline's structural integrity during vacuum conditions. Vacuums created by power failures, line breaks, and pressure surges are broken by the admission of large quantities of air through a Vacuum Breaker Valve. These vacuums are strong enough to collapse pipelines and storage tanks. They also have the potential to draw contaminates into the system through pipes and valves. When coupled with an Air Release Valve, large pockets of air are admitted into a line then slowly released through the Release Valve. This creates a cushioning effect during surge conditions limiting the impact the fluid has on a pipe system. These valves can also be used to supplement conventional Air/Vacuum valves when conditions require greater intake capacity than exhaust capacity. FEATURES:
FULL FLOW AREA SIZES 2 - 24 ANSI FLANGED CONNECTION HOODED OR FLANGED AIR INLET RESPONDS TO .25 P.S.I. PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL POSITIVE SYNTHETIC SEATING AT ALL WORKING PRESSURES Trim Coating Body and Cover

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION CHART Material Standard Optional


ASTM A126 Class B Cast Iron Class 125 and 250 Bronze, ASTM B584, C83600 Universal Alkyd Primer Ductile Iron ASTM A536 Grade 65-45-12 Stainless Steel ASTM A351, Grade CF8M Fusion Bonded Epoxy

OPTIONS: Flanged Outlet Air Release Valve

VENTING CAPACITY FOR VACUUM BREAKERS

24

VACUUM BREAKER VALVES

he unique seating design provides initial contact with the valve disc and the Buna-N ring, providing a drop-tight seal. As the pressure increases, the Buna-N ring is compressed slightly and the disc makes contact with the metal portion of the valve seat, preventing any further compression of the Buna-N ring. The Buna-N ring will continue to provide the drop-tight seating during the higher pressure ranges without damage from the increased pressure loading.

SEAT DETAIL

VACUUM BREAKER PRESSURE/TEMPERATURE RATING


MAXIMUM NON-SHOCK PRESSURE, psig MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE 150 F ANSI CLASS 125 2 - 12 200 14 - 42 150 ANSI CLASS 250 2 - 12 400 14 - 42 300

VACUUM BREAKER WITH AIR RELEASE VALVE


MODEL NUMBER VALVE SIZE 125 LB. CLASS (CWP) 250 LB. CLASS (CWP) 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 1803VB/38 1804VB/38 1805VB/38 1806VB/38 1808VB/38 1810VB/38 1812VB/38 1814VB/38 1816VB/38 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 1853VB/38.5 1854VB/38.5 1855VB/38.5 1856VB/38.5 1858VB/38.5 1860VB/38.5 1862VB/38.5 1864VB/38.5 1866VB/38.5 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 A 16 17 3/8 18 3/4 20 22 3/4 25 5/8 28 3/4 30 7/8 33 3/4 B 15 15 7/8 16 3/4 17 1/4 18 1/4 19 3/4 19 1/8 19 7/8 21 1803VB/38 - 1816VB/38 Vacuum Breaker Valve

VACUUM BREAKER WITH AIR RELEASE VALVE FOR WASTEWATER SERVICE


VALVE SIZE 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 MODEL NUMBER 125 LB. CLASS (CWP) 1803VBS/48A 1804VBS/48A 1805VBS/48A 1806VBS/48A 1808VBS/48A 1810VBS/48A 1812VBS/48A 1814VBS/48A 1816VBS/48A 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 150 150 A 16 17 3/8 18 3/4 20 22 3/4 25 5/8 28 3/4 30 7/8 33 3/4 B 20 5/16 21 5/16 22 1/16 22 9/16 23 9/16 25 1/16 24 7/16 25 3/16 26 5/16 25 1803VBS/48A - 1816VBS/48A Vacuum Breaker Valve

VACUUM PRIMING VALVES


APPLICATION
Centrifugal pumps require that the pump housing and suction piping be filled with water or "primed" before they can be started. Vacuum priming systems are often used to draw air out of the pump housing and suction piping to create a vacuum thereby raising the water level until the pump is full of water or primed. The purpose of the Val-Matic Vacuum Priming Valve is to automatically allow air to be drawn out of the pumping system until the pump fills with water. Then, when the water reaches the priming valve, the float rises and closes the priming valve to prevent fluid from flowing to the vacuum priming system. The priming valve will then continue to release air while the pump is running.

DES IGN FEATURES

RECOMMENDED PIPING ARRANGEMENT

The Val-Matic Model 38P and 45P priming valves are designed specifically for priming service. The valve includes a long
body and skirted float to eliminate leakage caused by the high vacuum levels that occur at the valve outlet. All of the internal trim is Type 316 Stainless Steel for long life, even in aggressive water.

OPTIONS
An optional Water Level Control Switch (WLCS suffix) is sometimes used to signal when the water level has reached the pump or provide a warning that the pump has lost its prime (wet well is empty or suction line is blocked.) The flow switch has SPDT contacts rated 5A @ 125/250 VAC, 3A Inductive @ 30 VDC, UL and CSA Listed Explosion Proof.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
COMPONENT Body and Cover Trim Exterior Coating Orifice Seal MATERIAL Cast Iron ASTM A126, Class B Stainless Steel, Type 316 Universal Alkyd Primer Buna-N

MODEL NUMBERS
VAL-MATIC VACUUM PRIMING VALVES MODEL INLET CWP, ORIFICE A B NO. SIZE PSI SIZE 38P 2 NPT 150 3/16 7 15 5/16 38P.2 45P 45P.3 2 NPT 2 NPT 2 NPT 75 150 75 5/16 23/64 1/2 7 9 1/2 9 1/2 15 5/16 12 1/4 12 1/4

38P - 45P.3 Vacuum Priming Valve

26

VACUUM PRIMING VALVES


The table lists the capacities of the various valve orifices at a range of differential pressures from 0.5 in. mercury (.24 psi) to 29 inches mercury (14.2 psi). The required flow (SCFM) and the differential pressure (inches-mercury) can be used to select an orifice size. The flow can be estimated by calculating the volume of the suction piping and pump housing and dividing by the desired initial priming time (typically 30 minutes). The sizing differential pressure is typically 10 in-hg but is affected by the required lift of the water. For multiple pump applications, a priming valve should be installed at each pump.
FLOW CAPACITIES FOR VAL-MATIC PRIMING VALVES PRESSURE RATE OF FLOW IN SCFM DI FFERENTIAL No. 38P PRIMING VALVE No. 45P PRIMING VALVE ACROSS ORIFICE 3/16 ORIFICE 5/16 ORIFICE 23/64 ORIFICE 1/2 ORIFICE INCHES HG* C.W.P. 150 C.W.P. 75 C.W.P. 150 C.W.P. 75

.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
*Mercury

1.4 1.9 2.4 2.6 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.7 7.9 8.0 8.1

3.5 4.8 7.3 8.3 10.0 11.0 11.5 13.0 13.5 14.0 15.0 16.0 16.5 17.0 17.7 18.5 19.0 19.5 20.0 20.7 21.3 21.8 22.3 23.0 23.5 24.0 24.3 25.0 25.6 26.0

5.0 7.5 10.5 11.5 14.0 15.0 16.5 18.0 19.0 20.5 22.0 23.0 23.8 24.6 25.6 26.5 27.0 28.0 29.0 30.0 30.5 31.4 32.0 32.7 33.5 34.0 35.0 36.0 36.8 37.3

10.0 13.5 17.0 21.0 24.0 27.0 30.0 32.0 34.0 36.0 39.0 40.0 42.0 43.0 45.0 47.5 48.5 50.0 52.0 53.0 55.0 56.0 57.0 58.0 60.0 61.0 62.0 64.0 65.0 67.0

27