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KeyIssuesfortheChemical TankerIndustry

ChemicalandProductTankerConference London 10March2009

Founded1987 AttainedconsultativestatusatIMO1997 ProjectleaderonIMOWorkshopsworldwideonMARPOL AnnexII 19yearsonFOSFAOilsandFatsandTechnicalCommittees CooperationwithNIOP(USA) SettingupofCDI CooperationwithUSCGandEuropeanCommission EQUASISEditorialBoard


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Briefresumeofdevelopmentsinrespectof:
Chemical/ProductTankerrelatedissues:
UseofInertgas Carriageofbiofuelsandbiofuelblends ShiptoShipTransferOperations Devicestopreventthepassageofflameintocargotanks MSDSforAnnexICargoes

Generalissues
AirPollution BallastWaterConvention ShipRecyclingConvention

IIG Conclusions
Failuretofollowprocedures(atboth shipboardandmanagementlevel)wasmost significantcontributingfactor Manningissuesnotconsideredsignificant Spraying,steamingetc.contributoryfactorsin someincidents Establishingandmaintainingknowntank atmospheresproblematicinsomecases
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Remedies?
HumanfactorsTaskGroupsetuptoattempt toidentifywaysofdealingwithfailureto followprocedures IIGsuggeststoIMOthatthatasanadditional failsafemeasureconsiderationbegiven to extendingtheinertgasrequirementstonew chemicaltankersandnewproducttankers under20,000DWT,withexistingshipstobe subjecttoFSAandcost/benefitanalysis
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SubCommitteeonFireProtectioncharged withdevelopingmeasurestoprevent explosionsonoilandchemicaltankers transportinglowflashcargoes Firstfornewships,thenpossibly considerationtobegiventoexistingships

FP 52 January 2008
Concludesthatmoreinfoneeded,particularly on:
humanelementissuessuchasmaintenance procedures,tankcleaningetc.andhowinerting wouldaffectthem lowflashcargoes whatproductswouldbe affectedandtypeandnumberofshipsengaged intransportoflowflashcargoes intankcasualties
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FP53 February2009
AgreementtoprincipleofIGbeingappliedtonewoil tankersofbelow20,000dwtandnewchemical tankers Furtherdiscussionnecessaryonquestionoflower sizelimit SubCommitteerecognisedthatoperational requirementsofchemicaltankersmeanthatmaybe necessarytodevelopseparaterequirementsunder SOLAS SubCommitteetoaskMSCtoprogressworkonthe issuethrough2011

CARRIAGEOF BIOFUELSAND BIOFUEL BLENDS

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Biofuelscurrentlycarriedinbulk:
Biodiesel(FattyAcidMethylEster) Bioethanol CarriedunderprovisionsofMARPOL AnnexII

Ethanol
IBCCodeChapter18 PollutionCategoryZ
Thereforecarriageonchemicaltankernot required,butdischargerequirementsfor categoryZmustbeadheredto

www.ipta.org.uk

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FattyAcidMethylEster
IBCCodeChapter17 ShipType2 o PollutionCategoryY IBCCodeentries: o Palmoilfattyacidmethylester
o Coconutoilfattyacidmethylester o Rapeseedoilfattyacidmethylester o Fattyacidmethylesters(m)
(m) FromvegetableoilsspecifiedintheIBCCode
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JatrophaOil
Nodatapresentedon Jatrophaoil NoTripartiteAgreements concluded

Jatrophaoilandjatrophaoilderivatives(e.g. JatrophaoilFAME)havethereforenotbeen evaluatedbytheIMOandcannotbecarriedinbulk bysea


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BIOFUELBLENDS
EthanolandGasoline FAMEandMineraldiesel
2006 BLG10agreestointerimmeasuresforthe carriageofblends proposedbyIPTA,theUnited

KingdomandSweden:
Suchblendscanbecarriedundertheprovisions ofMARPOLAnnexIprovidingtheproportionof biodieselorbioalcoholdoesnotexceed15% (B15/E15).

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Subsequentdiscussions:
15%cutoffpointforAnnexIIproductblendedinAnnexI producthasnobasisinscience Concernsaboutabilityofoildischargemonitoringequipment (ODME)tocopewiththeseproducts InterimguidancetoremainvaliduntilJuly2009

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BLG13 March2009
Agreestorecommenddevelopmentofa 3bandsystem:
Band1: 85%ormorepetroleum
producttobecarriedasAnnexI ODMEtobeapproved/certifiedforrangeofblends carried;or Cargoresidues/tankwashingstobepumpedashore

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Band2: morethan1%butlessthan85% petroleum


tobecarriedasAnnexII mixturecalculationtobecarriedoutinordertoinclude productinList3ofMEPC.2/Circ. Initiallyastripartiteagreement,withmanufacturerto provideinformationonpetroleumproductusedin blendinorderforpermanententryinIBCCode

Band3: 1%orlesspetroleum
tobecarriedundertherequirementsoftheAnnexII productintheblend

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Interimguidancetoremaininplaceuntil July2011 Onlypreblendedproductsorblendscarried outinport BLENDINGATSEATOBEPROHIBITED

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RenewableDiesel
FinlandsubmitspapertoBLG11(April2007)in respectofaproducttheyproducefrom vegetableoilwiththeaidofhydrogen(rather thanthroughtransesterification) Suggeststhatthisproductismoresimilarto mineraldieselthanFAMEandshouldtherefore becarriedundertheprovisionsofAnnexI ratherthanAnnexII

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BLGSubcommitteeconcludesthat:
thecomponentsareproductsthathave longbeencarriedundertheprovisionsof MARPOLAnnexIIandtheIBCCode topickindividualproductsatrandomout ofAnnexIIandtransferthemtoAnnexI wouldcallintoquestiontheverybasisof MARPOLAnnexII

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Finlandinvitedtosubmitdataon renewabledieseltotheGESAMP/EHS workinggroup GESAMP/EHShassincestudiedthe productandproducedahazardprofile NofurtherprogressuntilFinlandmake formalsubmissiontoESPH

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SHIPTOSHIPTRANSFER OPERATIONS

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Newchapter8toMARPOLAnnexI
PREVENTIONOFPOLLUTIONDURINGTRANSFEROFOIL CARGOBETWEENOILTANKERSATSEA

Willapplytooiltankersof150gtandaboveengaged intransferofoilcargoatsea Willapplytooperationscarriedoutonorafter [15monthsafterdateofentryintoforce] Entryintoforce:January2011? willnotapplytobunkeringoperations WillnotapplytotransferofAnnexIIcargoes(forthe present)


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ShipsinvolvedmusthaveSTSPlan
primarilyprovisionsalreadyinICS/OCIMFSTSGuide PlantobeapprovedinconjunctionwithSMS documentation Firstsurveyafterentryintoforce

Notificationtocoastalstateinwhoseterritorial waters[oreconomiczone]thetransferwilltake placeatleast48hoursinadvanceofwhenthe operationisduetotakeplace Recordsofoperationstobekeptonboardfor3 years


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Devicesto Preventthe Passageof Flameinto CargoTanks

IBCCodeReg8.3.6
Controlledtankventingsystemsfittedto tankstobeusedforcargoeshavinga flashpointnotexceeding600Cshallbe providedwithdevicestopreventthepassage offlameintothecargotanks.Thedesign, testingandlocatingofthedevicesshall complywiththerequirementsofthe Administration,whichshallcontainatleast thestandardsadoptedbytheOrganization.

MSC/Circ.677 REVISEDSTANDARDSFORTHEDESIGN,
TESTINGANDLOCATINGOFDEVICESTOPREVENTTHE PASSAGEOFFLAMEINTOCARGOTANKSINTANKERS

Para1.2.3 Thesestandardsareintendedfordevicesprotecting cargotankscontainingcrudeoil,petroleumproducts andflammablechemicals.Inthecaseofflammable chemicals,thetestmediareferredtoinsection3can beused.However,devicesforchemicaltankers dedicatedtothecarriageofproductswithMESGless than0.9mmshouldbetestedwithappropriate media

IACSinterpretdedicatedtothecarriage literally wherevesselscarryavarietyof cargoeshavenotcheckedthatvalveshave beentestedwithmediacorrespondingto lowestMESG Denmarkexpressesconcernthatcargoeswith MESGbelow0.9arebeingcarriedintanks wherevalveshavenotbeensufficientlytested Proposesthatdedicatedtothecarriage shouldbeamendedtocertifiedtocarry

IACSpointoutthatifthistobepursued,then asourceofinformationonMESGvaluesof productsisnecessary Suggestthatcouldbebyreferencetocolumn i inchapter17ofIBCCode,whereelectrical apparatusgroupsareassignedbyreferenceto MESGvalues


GroupIIA GroupIIB GroupIIC MESG> 0.9 0.5<MESG<0.9 MESG< 0.5

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Approximately273lowflashproducts:
GroupIIA GroupIIB GroupIIC 91products 31products 1product

150productswithnoinformationavailable

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ExamplesofIIBProducts Butylacrylate Butylether Diethylether Ethylacrylate Furfural Methylacrylate Paraldehyde Tetrahydrofuran

Examplesofproducts lackinginformation
Butylacetate Butanol Cyclohexane Cyclopentane Diethylbenzene Dipentene Heptane Hexane Methanol MTBE Methylethylketone Propylenetetramer Toluene Xylenes

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BLG13agreesthatMSC/Circ.677shouldbe amendedtoread:
..devicesforchemicaltankerscertifiedforthecarriage ofproductswithMESGlessthan0.9mmshouldbe testedwiththefollowingmediabasedonthe apparatusgroupassignedpercolumni oftheIBC Codechapter17: .1 ApparatusGroupIIB ethylene(MESG= 0.65mm) .2 ApparatusGroupIIC hydrogen(MESG= 0.28mm)

newshipsfrom1January2013 Existingshipsfromfirstscheduleddrydock after1January2013 Circularissuedlistingproductsforwhich MESGinformationunavailableandaskingthat informationbeprovided Ifinformationnotprovidedmorestringent requirementwillbeapplied

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Whatdoesthismean?
Checktestplates/certificatesforvalvestosee towhatextenttheyhavebeentested IfhavenotbeentestedwithlowMESGmedia, e.g.ethylene,thenwillnotbeabletocarry productswithIIBincolumnI ofchapter17of theIBCCode Retrofitvalves?

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MaterialSafetyData SheetsforAnnexICargoes andBunkers

MSC83adoptedamendmentstoSOLAS ChapterVI/Regulation51
ShipscarryingMARPOLAnnexIcargoes,asdefined inAppendix1toAnnexIoftheProtocolof1978 relatingtotheInternationalConventionforthe PreventionofPollutionfromShips,1973,andmarine fueloilsshallbeprovidedwithamaterialsafetydata sheetpriortotheloadingofsuchcargoesbasedon therecommendationsdevelopedbythe Organization

Entryintoforcedate:1July2009

ResolutionMSC.150(77)
LaysdownhowsuchMSDSshouldbe structured BLGSubCommitteetaskedwithreviewing requirements
MSDStobeproducedforeachandeveryshipmentand bunkerstem;or MoregenericMSDS

BLG12(2008)decidedthat: MSDSshould
identifytheproductbeingcarriedonthebasisoftheproduct nameasidentifiedbythebilloflading,thebunkerdeliverynoteor othershippingdocument shouldreflectthenatureandcharacteristicsofeachproduct;but

NoneedtohaveauniqueMSDSforeveryshipment

BLG13(2009)approvedresolutionon RecommendationsforMSDSandagreedthatMSDS shouldbeprovidedpriortoloadingofMARPOL AnnexItypecargoesandbunkeringofoilfuelsand thattheMSDSshouldreflectthecharacteristicsof thesecargoesandbunkerfuels

Annex1toresolutionMSC.150(77)
MATERIALSAFETYDATASHEETS(MSDS)FORMARINEUSE SUITABLETOMEETPARTICULARNEEDSOFTHEMARINE INDUSTRYCONTAININGSAFETY,HANDLINGAND ENVIRONMENTALINFORMATIONTOBESUPPLIEDTOASHIP PRIORTOTHELOADINGOFMARPOLANNEXITYPECARGOES ANDMARINEFUELOILS 1.Identificationofthesubstanceormixtureandofthesupplier 2.Hazardsidentification 3.Composition/informationoningredients* 4.Firstaidmeasures 5.Firefightingmeasures

6. Accidentalreleasemeasures
7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Handlingandstorage Exposurecontrols/personalprotection Physicalandchemicalproperties Stabilityandreactivity Toxicologicalinformation Ecologicalinformation Disposalconsiderations Transportinformation Regulatoryinformation Otherinformationincludinginformationonpreparation andrevisionoftheMSDS

AIRPOLLUTION

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MARPOLANNEXVI
October2008MEPC58adoptstextofrevised MARPOLAnnexVI GlobalSulphurCap
1January2012:reducedto3.50% 1January2020:reducedto0.50%

SECALimit
1July2010:reducedto1% 1January2015:0.10%

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ReviewProvision
Reviewoffuelavailabilitytobecompletedby 2018 IfPartiestoAnnexVIdecidethatitwillnotbe possibletoimplementglobalcapof0.50%by 2020,implementationdatewillbeputbackto 2025

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Equivalents
Regulation4 TheAdministrationofaPartymayallowanyfitting, materialapplianceorapparatustobefittedinashipor otherprocedures,alternativefueloilsorcompliance methodsusedasanalternativetothatrequiredbythis Annexifsuchfitting,material,applianceorapparatusor otherprocedures,alternativefueloilsorcompliance methodsareatleastaseffectiveintermsofemissions reductionsasthatrequiredbythisAnnex

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FueloilAvailability
Regulation18
(1) EachPartyshalltakeallreasonablestepstopromotetheavailabilityoffuel oilstocomplywiththisAnnexandinformtheOrganizationoftheavailability ofcompliantfueloilsinitsportsandterminals.

(2)(a)IfashipisfoundbyaPartynottobeincompliancewiththestandardsfor compliantfueloilssetforthinthisAnnex,thecompetentauthorityofthe Partyisentitledtorequiretheshipto: (i) Presentarecordoftheactionstakentoattempttoachieve compliance;and (ii) Provideevidencethatitattemptedtopurchasecompliantfueloilin accordancewithitsvoyageplanand,ifitwasnotmadeavailable whereplanned,thatattemptsweremadetolocatealternative sourcesforsuchfueloilandthatdespitebesteffortstoobtain compliantfueloil,nosuchfueloilwasmadeavailableforpurchase.

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(b) (c)

Theshipshouldnotberequiredtodeviatefromitsintendedvoyage ortodelayundulythevoyageinordertoachievecompliance. Ifashipprovidestheinformationsetforthinsubparagraph(a) of thisparagraph,aPartyshalltakeintoaccountallrelevant circumstancesandtheevidencepresentedtodeterminethe appropriateactiontotake,includingnottakingcontrolmeasures. AshipshallnotifyitsAdministrationandthecompetentauthorityof therelevantportofdestinationwhenitcannotpurchasecompliant fueloil. ApartyshallnotifytheOrganizationwhenashiphaspresented evidenceofthenonavailabilityofcompliantfueloil.

(d)

(e)

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CurrentAnnexVI:CircularonFuelOil Availability
IPTAisawareofincidentsunderthecurrentAnnexVI wherevesselshavebeenunabletostemcompliantfuel beforeenteringaSECA IPTAsubmittedapapertoMEPC58proposingthatthe principleenshrinedinregulation18.2oftherevised AnnexVIbeappliedintheinterimperiodbeforeentry intoforce MEPC58agreedandacircular(MEPC/Circ.637)hasbeen issued
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NOXTechnicalCode
willbeappliedbymeansof3tiersspecifying progressivelyreducedlimitsofemissionsof nitrogenoxides,calculatedastotalweighted emissionsatvariousenginespeeds
Tier1:standardcurrentlyapplicabletoengineson shipsbuiltsince2000 Tier2:shipsbuiltbetween1January2011and1 January2016; Tier3:shipsbuiltfrom1January2016
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Shipsbuiltbefore1January1990willnotbe requiredtoupgradetheirengines Shipsbuiltbetween1January1990and1January 2000:engineswithapoweroutputofmorethan 5,000kWandapercylinderdisplacementator above90litresmustmeetTier1requirementsby meansofanapprovedkitthatmanufacturersare expectedtodevelop Ifnoapprovedkitisavailableforaparticular engine,thenitwillnotberequiredtocomply.

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GREENHOUSEGASEMISSIONS

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TECHNICAL/OPERATIONALMEASURES
EnergyEfficiencyDesignIndex(possiblymandatory)
Trialstotestformula ReporttointersessionalworkinggroupinMarch2009

EnergyEfficiencyOperationalIndex
Resultsvariable possiblyusefulfleetmanagementtool

ShipEfficiencyManagementPlan
PotentialforuseinimplementationofISMCode PossiblytoincludeEEOI

MARKETBASEDINSTRUMENTS

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BALLAST WATER CONVENTION

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PartiestotheBallastWaterConvention
AntiguaandBarbuda Barbados Egypt France Kenya Kiribati Liberia Maldives Mexico Nigeria Norway St.KittsandNevis SierraLeone SouthAfrica Spain SyrianArabRepublic Tuvalu

25th IMOAssembly
Agreementthatvesselsconstructedin2009willbe allowedtogountiltheirsecondsurveybeforethey havetofitapprovedsystems,providingtheyare fittedby31December2011 OncetheConventionentersintoforcevessels grantedthisperiodofgracewillberequiredto performballastwaterexchange MEPC59(July2009)willlookintowhethernecessary toapplythistovesselsbuiltin2010

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SHIPRECYCLING

regulationsforthedesign,construction, operationandpreparationofshipsto facilitatesafeandenvironmentallysound recycling operationofshiprecyclingfacilitiesinasafe andenvironmentallysoundmanner; appropriateenforcementmechanism


certificationandreportingrequirements

ShipRecyclingFacilities
Tobeauthorisedbycompetentauthoritiesaccording toGuidelinestobedevelopedbytheIMO ShipRecyclingFacilityManagementPlan
Workers safety Environmentalprotection Emergencyresponse Recordkeepingandreporting

OnlyacceptshipsthatcomplywithConvention

InventoryofHazardousMaterials
Prohibitionorrestrictiononuseofhazardousmaterials listedinAppendix1toConvention: Asbestos Ozonedepletingsubstances PCBs TBT Inventoryofhazardousmaterialsfornewships Existingshipstohaveinventoryasfaraspracticablewithin 5yearsofentryintoforceofConvention Tobemaintainedandupdatedthroughoutlifeofship

PreparationforRecycling
Shipsmustonlyberecycledatfacilities authorisedinaccordancewiththeConvention Priortoenteringfacility,cargoresidues,fuel etc.remainingonboardtobeminimised Liaisonwithshiprecyclingfacilitytodevelop ShipRecyclingPlan Administrationmustcertifyvesselasreadyfor recycling

ShipRecyclingPlan
Tobedevelopedinconsultationwithship owner Includeinformationincluding,interalia;
Gasfreeforhotwork AmountofmaterialsincludedinIHM

Tobeapprovedbycompetentauthorities authorizingfacility

SurveyandCertification
InternationalCertificateonInventoryofHazardous Materialstobeissueduponcompletionofsurvey Renewalsurveysatintervalsnotexceeding5years Finalsurveypriortoshipbeingtakenoutofservice toverify: InventoryofHazardousMaterials ShipRecyclingPlan areinaccordancewiththeConvention

MEPC58conductedanarticlebyarticle andregulationbyregulationreviewofdraft text DiplomaticConferenceinMay2009to finaliseandadoptConvention

Thankyouforyourattention

Halton Green East Halton Lancaster LA2 6PA Tel: +44 (0)1524 811892 mail@ipta.org.uk www.ipta.org.uk

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