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Scientific Content Ms/ Nermine Fakhry Abd El Messih Irbahim Graduate of Faculty of Arts, Department of Tour Guiding Class

of September for the year 2009 Overall Grade (Fair)

Employee

Aditor

Dirctor of Alumni

Faculty Dean

First year Courses curricula First : Extended Courses 1. Egyptian Pharaonic Archeology Number of hours per week : 3 hours Course Outline: Introduction to the science of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt: natural factor, the Nile, and religious beliefs. Introduction : Modern stone age civilizations. Beginning of the era of metals Monuments of the first and second dynasties Pyramid complexes of the old Kingdom, Djoser Group-and the idea of the full pyramid. The three pyramids at the Giza plateau: pyramids of Cheops, Pyramids of Khafre, and pyramids complex of menkaure. Minor Arts: Sculpture painting sculpture. Dynastic graves in Old Kingdom. 2. History of Ancient Egypt Number of hour per week: 3 Hours

Course outline: Preface to the civilization of Ancient Egypt and Ancient civilizations. Prehistoric Civilizations. History and civilization of the first and second dynasties and the old period. History of Old Kingdom: third dynasty, fourth dynasty, fifth dynasty, sixth dynasty. The reasons for the fall and the collapse of the Old Kingdom. History of the first intermediate period : from the seventh to the tenth dynasty. History of Middle Kingdom eleventh dynasty and twelfth dynasty. 3. Ancient Egyptian Language
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Number of hours per week: 2 Hours Course outline Historical background that includes the emergence of the ancient Egyptian language as well as that of hand writing, and the different fonts that ancient were used to write with and the stages of the language, and story of deciphering the code of the Egyptian language after the discovery of Rosetta Stone. Studying signifiers in terms of numbers and functionality monotones, signs triliteral signs and the study of the ideographic signs. Studying verbal sentences and nominal sentences Studying adjectives and their various uses Studying relays, additional signifiers, summoning signifiers, and prepositions. Studying comparative and exaggerative and preference verbs. Studying negative forms, singular, double, and plural nouns. An applied study with some exercises on hieroglyphic calligraphy. Second: Courses per semester First Semester 1. Geography of world tourism Number of hours per week: 4 hours Course outline General concepts (free time-promotion-tourism and the tourist). The relationship between tourism and the science of geography The evolution of the phenomenon of tourism (old-middleand modern periods) Tourist resorts, the concept, the emergence, the characteristics and the types Tourist regions of the world (Europe- North America and Latin America-Asia-Africa Australia) Environmental and tourist activities, the concept of the
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environment, the evolution of the relationship and the interaction between man and the environmental media. 2. Foreign Language (First) Number of hours per week: 4 hours Course outline Linguistic training on Egyptian and Islamic monuments and the most important touristic attractions (in English and French Languages) 3. The Egyptian Environment Number of hours per week : 4 Hours Course outline Birds Definition of the word Bird, transformations of the environment-friendly birds Birds various norms, flying, and the behavior of species Seasons and the types of bird migration, tupes of food and the whereabouts of birds Map of the Egyptian environments and the birds whereabouts Models of types of birds Plants How to identify plants (by using the comparative method and the key guide) Geographical botanical area in the Arab Republic of Egypt (dessert areas, Mediterranean Coast area, Red Sea Coast area) planted area (Valley of the Nile, Delta, Fayoum Depression, the Oases, Sinai area, area of amount Elba) Description and definition of the most important Egyptian plants Extraneous plants (trees and bushes) Egyptian Flora plants. Ancient Egyptian flora plants Description of the most important ancient Egyptian plants that are still cultivated till the present

4. History of Egyptian Art Number of hours per week : 4 hours Course outline Development of tombs and mastaba Oxford Paletts, Narmer, the Scorpion King Status of King Djoser, Status of King Khafre Collection of King Mankaure Statues of Sheikh el balad (Mayor Deputy) and the sitting scrib Servants statues-Statue of Mentuhotep the first Statues of King Senusret the third. King Amenophis the third in the temples of Karnak Second Semester 1. Introduction to the Science of Tourism Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course Outline The emergence and development of tourism and its various effect Elements of touristic attraction in Egypt Tourist patterns and internal tourism Key elements of the tourist activity Hotels activity in Egypt. 2. Second Foreign Language Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline Linguistic training on Egyptian and Islamic monuments and the most important touristic attractions 3. History of Egyptian Literature Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline
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The most important genres of ancient Egyptian literature: religious literature-fictional literature-literature of epics, praise and singing- disciplinary literature - literature of device- literature of freedom. Intellectual currents and trends Social Justice 2. Egyptian Pharonic Archeology Number of hours per week : 3 Hours Course outline Introduction to the Architecture of the Middle Kingdom First : religious Architecture a) Chapel to the Senursret the first at Karnak b) Temple of Madi City in Fayoum Second : Funeral Architecture a. Temple of Manthuotep (Neb Hotep Re) in al-Dair al- Bahari b. Pyramid complex King Senusret the first at the Leshet Tombs of Beni Hasan o The eleventh and twelfth dynasties o Anebdmhat Khnumhetep, Baket, Khitti Tell al-Amarna Tambs The eighteenth family Marry Ra, Ahmose, Bento Example of the architecture of the New Kingdom, Middle Egypt, the Temple of Sity the first at Abydos. Temples of Abu Simbel: introduction to the project of rescuring the Nubba monuments, an overview on other tamples that have been rescued and those surrounding Lake Nasser, a study for the architecture and engraving of the Abu Simbel temples. Hawarrah Pyramid 3. Ancient Egyptian Language Number of hours per week: 2 Hours Course outline Study of Being (existence) Study of demonstrative pronouns Study of the means of expression
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Study of the type of nominal sentence (with nominal event- situational event descriptive event) Study of the provision and the delay in the Egyptian language. A study of simple and complex prepositions in details. Applied study through some excercises Second: Courses per semester First Semester 1. Geography to Tourist Egypt Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline First: general concepts the science of geography, definition, field, and approach (generally) Tourism as an economic activity and its environmental basics. Second: Geographical features of Egypt as a region to study. The map, its importance, how to read it and how to make sure of it. The natural map of Egypt, regions, important tourist inputs and the administrative map. Egypt's status in world tourism. Third: Egypt's tourist regions and their tourist elements. North west coast region, the Red Sea, Sinai, Occidental Desert, Cairo, Fayoum. Fourth: Natural Reserves in Egypt. The concept, Geographical distribution, detailed study of some reserves. 2. Egyptian society per week : 4 Hours Course outline Society: definition and features of society- character of the place and its impact of society. The composition of the Egyptian society: Egyptian history timeline.
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Ancient Egypt: doctrine and religion- the King God- the clergy- political and religious roles. The family industries and crafts and minor arts- literaturehabits and traditions and celebrations Greco-Roman Period: The Alexandria society with its categories and classes. The extension of the Greco Roman Egyptian: the gods-the clergy- the family Crafts- Literature And arts- the rold of theater and theatrical renaissance- habits- the role of physical exercise-celebrations. Islamic Egypt: the role of Islam in the development of the Egyptian society. Islamic cities and the impact of urban planning in society, evolution of crafts and products. Family in Islamic Egypt: collected habits and traditions, final celebrations civilizations and their impact on the formation of the contemporary Egyptian Society. 3. First Foreign Language Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline 1. Linguistic training on Egyptian and Islamic monuments and the most important tourist attractions 4. Public Relations Number of hours per week: 4 hours Course outline 1. The importance of public relations, their contemporary concept in the light of the evolution of intellect and the management of modern media. a. The evolution of the importance of public relations in the modern organizations. b. The contemporary concept of public relations in the light of the intellect and the management of modern media.
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2. The organization aspects of public relation and their functions and activities a. Targets of public relations, their function and activities. b. Organization of public relations departments. 3. Public relations Dynamic a. Researches in public relations b. Planning the public relations activities. c. Communication activity of public relations d. Evaluating public relation activity. 4. Over planning of communication in public relations a. the steps of planning activity of communicational public relations. b. Basic strategies for communication and their applications in public relations. Second Semester 1. Egyptian Environment Numbers of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline Birds Ancient Egypt (what was mentioned in temples and Pharaonic tombs as inscriptions, (72) (Kite flyingPhoenix- Night Crow Scared Ibis- Eagles- Falcons Quails- Eurasian Spoonbill Cattle Egret Pelican Cormorant other birds). A list birds of Modern Egypt Training and reptiles and amphibians in the ancient and modern Egyptian environment. Declared and targeted environmental reserves and its environmental description and importance. Study of some forms of environmental pollution and the damages resulting from them, and briefly identifying methods to measure and reveal them. Definition of some wild plants of economic importance and their distribution over the Egyptian geographical areas. Study of the important geological areas in the Egyptian environment
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2. The Art of Museums Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline The subject of the art or museums will be studied through giving the student a clear idea of the various types of museums all over Egypt whether they are archeological museums, historical museums, qualitative museums or arts museums. A historical overview on each museum, its organizational structure, display method with an over view of the most important master pieces shown as it. The most important models being addressed; Egyptian museum, Coptic Museum, The museum of Islamic Art, the Military museum, Luxor Museum, Nubia Museum, The museum of Royal Jewelries, Mahmoud Khalil Museum, Modern Arts Museum, Agricultural Museum 3. Foreign Second Language Number of hours per week : 4 Hours Course outline Linguistic Training on Egyptian and Islamic monuments and the most important attractions 4. Ancient Egyptian Religion Number of hours per week : 4 Hours Course Outline The emergence of religious thought Religious beliefs in prehistoric ages Gods and Goddesses and their characteristics and symbols The theories of creation in Ancient Egypt. Religious tests, Pyramids texts, coffins, religious books,
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myths Daily serving rituals at the temple Funeral rituals for the deceased and offerings Mummification (embalining) Priests in Ancient Egypt Evolution of tomb 5. Tour Guiding Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline Practical exercises in the Egyptian Museum and the Islamic Museum. Third Year Courses Outlines First : Extended Courses 1, Egypt's Pharonic Archeology (3) Number of hours per week: 3 Hours Course outline o General introduction on the city of Luxor, its history, gods and monuments. o East Bank, a general introduction on the temples of the gods since the dawn of history till the New Kingdom, Luxor Temple, Temples of El-Karnak o West Bank First: an introduction on funeral temples and their development till the New Kingdom Temple of al-Dair-alBahari, Ramesseum temple, Temple of Habu City, Second: Introduction on the development of royal tomb till the beginning of the New Kingdom, Valley of the Kings ( a study of royal tombs models), Valley of the Queens (a study of Queen Nefertari's) Third: Studying the tombs of the nobles and choosing some important models from those tombs. Fourth : Studying the tombs the workers at the area of
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Dair al Madina 2. The Archeology and arts of Islamic Egypt Number of hours per week: 3 Hours Course outline An overview about the importance of the Islamic monuments of Egypt. The arts and monuments in the era of prefectus (FustatMosque of Amr Ibn al-Ass City of al-Askar)- The Nilometer-Decorative Arts) The arts and monuments of the Tulunid period (City of al-alQata'ic Water Aqueducts- Ahmad Ibn Tulun MosqueDecorative Arts). The monuments of Ikhshidit period (Tabatab mausoleum) Arts and monuments of the Fatimid period (the foundation of Cairo-the Fances of Badr El Gammaly- El-Azhar Mosque-El Gayoushi Mausoleum al-Aqmar Mosque- The Fatimid BathDecorative Arts) Second: Courses per semester First Semester 1. Contemporary Political and economic issues Number of hours per week: 2 Hours Course outline Introduction to the meaning of politic, economy, systems, theories, issues and problems. First Section: politics, and its comprises State theoretically and practically origin, kinds and functions, governing systems and manifestations of sovereighty. Democracy, theoretically, practically and its types Systems and laws of elections and their regulations. Second Section: Economy, and it comprises
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Economic issues, including a brief historical introduction on the prior economic systems based upon the capitalism and the individual doctrine. Capitalism: its emergence, elements, pillars, advantages and applications. Socialist ideology and applications since the socialist fantasy, till practical socialism and some of its applications. 2. History of Greco-Roman Egypt Number of hours per week : 4 Hours Course outline The Egypt and the lands of Greece before the Macedonian invasion, Campaign of Alexander the Great on the Near East region the mergence of the Kingdom of the Ptolemies in Egypt- the Kingdom in the era of power (323 BC until the late third century BC). Policy and objectives of the early Ptolemies regarding Foreign Affairs- the foundations of their internal politics- administrative systems economic and social conditions religious and cultural life. The Kingdom in the era of weakness: internal factors of weakness- the Roman intervention and its consequences the deterioration of power and the fall of the Ptolemaic Kingdom in the hands of the Romans. Roman organizations in Egypt systems of governance and management Egyptian society and its classes and categories Cultural and religious life the emergence of Christianity in Egypt the manifestations of social and economic decline since the early second century AD- the new systems in the reign of Emperor Diocletian and their results the general conditions of Egypt under the Byzantine rule until the Arab Conquest. 3. First Foreign Language
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Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline Linguistic training on Egyptian and Islamic monuments and the most important touristic attractions. 4- History of Islamic Egypt Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline Causes of the Arab conquest the Arab conquest Systems of governance in the era of perfect The spread of Islam and the Arabic language Tulunid Dynasty Ikhshidit Dynastry Fatimid Dynasty Second Semester 1- History of Modern Egypt Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline The most important references and sources for the history of Modern and Contemporary Egypt Egypt and its status during the Ottoman period: weakness and decay (1517 - 1798) The French Campaign on Egypt 1798 and is effect on the society, changes in the political, intellectual, cultural, economic, social aspects among others Developments of Modern Egypt during the reign of Muhammed Ali (1805 - 1848) in all aspects of life internally and externally, identifying of Egypt's status internationally (1840 - 1841) Egypt in the age of the successors of Muhammed Ali and the growing foreign influence Ismail and the attempt to promote Egypt again , the increasing growth of national sentiment (awareness) which led to the outbreak of the national revolution known as the Oraby Revolution (1881 - 1882)
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British intervention and the occupation and development of the situation in Egypt under occupation internally and externally The growing role of the national movement in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, until the outbreak of war The 1919 revolution and its factors, development and results Egypt in the light of the constitutional system and the stage of restricted independence under the permission of February 1922 and clarifying the parameters of the liberal system

2. Tourist Legislations Number of hours per week: 4 Hours course outline Principles of Law Law of Tourism Law of Tourism and relations of special law Tourist property A tourist trip contact Outcomes resulting from the voyage contract Hotel accommodation Contract - hospitality contract Formation of a contract 3. Archeology of the Greco-Roman Egypt Number of hours per week : 4 Hours Course outline First: Alexandria, introduction on the foundation of Alexandria, its most important monuments that include Lighthouse of Alexandria- Museum Bibliotheque of
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Alexandria Royal tombs- private tombs (for example Shatby and Mustafa Kamel) and Kon El Shaqafa Temples such as the Serapeum- Cesarium al-Rass. al-Soda Column of prompey and the neighboring monuments Greco-Roman Amphitheater Second : al-Ashmunain Tuna al-Gabal Cemetery- Isadora tomb- tomb of Petosiris. Thirdly: Ptolemaic temples in Upper Egypt Temple of Dendera Temple of Esna Edfu temple the Temple of Kon Ombo- Temple of Philae 4. First Foreign Language Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline Linguistic training on Egyptian and Islamic monuments and the most important tourism attractions. 5. Tour Guiding Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline Practical exercises in the Egyptian Museum and the Islamic Museum Fourth Year Courses Outlines First: Extended Course 1. Ancient Egyptian Civilization Number of hours per week: 3 Hours Course outline The concept of the ancient Egyptian civilization and its components. Belief in the resurrection and immortality. Myth and its cultural role The king as an absolute ruler- Minister judiciary
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Management-craftsmen the farmer Family and family education Teachers and education The most important sciences the biggest cultural centers (Heliopolis- Memphis) (language and its literature math astronomy) Art is the mirror of culture (artistic traditions art schools and their expressions) 2. Archeology and arts of Islamic Egypt Number of hours per week: 3 Hours Course outline Military architecture in the Ayyubid period (the Walls of Saladin Castle Mountain) Religious architecture in the Ayyubid period Khanquah-Madrassa- Cupola) Decorative arts in the Ayyubid period (metal - wood fabric - ceramic - glass) Religious architecture in the Mamluk period (mosque madrassa Khanquah Cupola) Civil architecture (places homes baths lovitalk and Koranic schools) Commercial architecture (hotels Khan Wikalat) Military architecture (castles and towers) Decorative arts in the Mamluk period (metal wood fabric ceramic). Second: Courses per semester First Semester 1. Human Geography Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline Introduction to the development of geography and human geography and its different branches
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First: The branches of human geography and its relation with other sciences Second: geography of population Population Geography angles and its different fields with focus on: Human migrations and major societies and environments in the geographic population policies. Model applied on the characteristics of the Egyptian Society population Third : Urban Geography Corners of the geographical construction as well as concentration on characteristics of cultural construction urbanization of rural areas Bedouin societies. Applied model for construction in the rural Nile Delta Fourth: Historical Gepgraphy Fifth: Geopolitics (geography of politics)> Sixth: The geography of civilizations and contemporary cultures

2. History of Islamic Egypt Number of hours per week: 2 Hours Course outline

First The Ayyubid Period: the start of the Ayyubid Dynasty Saladin al-Ayyubi and the establishement of the Ayyubid Dynasty after the Saladin al Ayyubi Sultan al-Kamel and the fifth Cursade- al-Kamel Sultan and Emperor Frederick II Saleh Najm al-Din Ayyub and Louis IX- the conditions of civilization in the Ayyubid Dynasty. Second: The Mamluk period and the Mamluk Dynasty Slavery Dealers of mamluks slave markets sources of purchase of mamluks mamluks prices. Counterpoint staff counterpoint the
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mamluks and the Sultan Harem the period of slavery and changing mamluks army grades The relationship between mamluk and professor and his colleagues, and between the young mamluk and old mamluk. Slavery and its effect on the relationship among mamluk manifestations of civilization. 3. Tourist psychology Number of hours per week : 2 hours Course outline Introduction to Psychology (fields Theories themes) The psychology of effective communication Stereotypes and the psychology of peoples Psychology of the major differences among groups and cultures. Values and trends Occupational choice of workers in the field of tourism 4. First foreign Language Number of hours per week : 4 hours Course outline Linguistic training on Egyptian, Islamic and Coptic monuments and the most important tourist attractions. ` Second Semester 1. Contemporary History Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline First The era of Khedive Ismail (relationship with the Ottoman Dynasty the development of agriculture the development of industry transport, mail and telegrams urbanism - education and Library (Dar al Kottob) and the press building the Opera House)
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Second Suez Canal (the first faraman the second faraman the inauguration of the Canal) Third Orabi Revolution (causes of the revolution the events of the revolution the reasons for the failure of the revolution the consequences of the failure of the revolution the British occupation of Egypt) Fourth Vigilance of Egypt after the occupation (Mustafa Kamel Donshway incident the establishment of the National Party Mohamed Farid National Convention for the National Ruling party in Europe the death of leader Mohamed Farid). Fifth The 1919 revolution (the British protectorate over Egypt-Causes of the Revolution-the events of the revolution Evaluation of revolution). Sixth The development of Egypt (1922-1952) the statement of February 28, 1922-Egyptian Constitution 1923- the 1924 crisis in Egypt and Sudan. The Treaty of 1936 introductions to the 1952 Revolution Causes of the Revolution). Seventh The development of Egypt (1952-1973) the revolution july 1952- nationalization of the Suez Canal 1956 Tripartite Aggression 1956 Battle of building the High Dam Egypt's foreign policy (1952-1970) October War 1973). Eighth Museums of contemporary Egypt (Agricultural Museum) Military Museum Museum of the Railway Mail Royal vehicles in Bulaq irrigation in al-Qanatir Place of prince Mohamed Ali eat Manial). 2. Coptic archeology
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Number of hours per week : 4 Hours Course outline Introduction on the monuments from Coptic era The remains of the Fortress of Babylon Abou Serga Church St. Barbara Church Mar Gerguis Church Nuptials hall Monastery of the religious women Church of the virgin Qasryat al-Rihan Monasteries of Natrun Valley Coptic art (plaster wood fabric metal pottery stone and marble). 3. Tourist products Number of hours per week: 4 Hours Course outline History of the industry of tourist goods and its development Metallic products (gold silver copper) the method of industry raw materials models and samples. Wooden goods and the works of inlaid woods Works of ivory and inlaid bones Leather products Alabaster, marble, basalt and granite Fabric (tulle and veils silk Atlas- brocade rugs carpets tents) Industry of papyrus Doll making Environmental hand crafts (lends of Nubba Luxor the Red Sea Western Desert) 4. Second Foreign Language Number of hours per week : 4 Hours
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Course outline Linguistic training on Egyptian and Islamic monuments and the most important tourist attraction 5. Tour Guiding Number of hours per week : 4 Hours Course outline Practical exercises at both the Egyptian Museum and the Coptic Museums.

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