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VOL. 1
Jeudi le 26 mai T h u r s d a y, M a y 2 6 r d Jueves el 25 de mayo

TrilatHerald
W W W. F I N A - N A F I . O R G OTTAWA CANADA 2005

NO 4

DAY THREE: COMISSIONS AND CAUCUSSES

USA USES BRILLIANT STRATEGY


Chriss Corsetti
Out of all the resolutions that the four commissions created the Internal Migration in North America Commission will be the resolution to watch in the Senate. It is the most controversial of the commissions. It seems that there will be a round of negotiating before Friday behind close doors. The United States held up the commission with constant challenges to the words used in the resolution. caucus strategized to reduce if not prevent the migration of Mexicans to the USA. The United States successfully removed words and an entire chapter in order to advance there agenda.The Mexican delegates may not have conferred with one another or perhaps they did not realize what the United States was doing. The Mexicans have given up a lot in this resolution and if they do not form alliances with Canada they will surly lose more in the Senate. Without a doubt the Americans have done a great job at strategizing and proactively protecting the interests of the USA. The mood in the American caucus was that of victory, as the representative of Ohio, Mike Medeiros said brothers and sisters we have won!

AFTER THE DEBATES... FIESTA!

QUOTES OF THE DAY


NAFTA is horrible. I am from Ohio and it killed our local economy - An American Pages attending the Bob Rae conference asked about his taught concerning NAFTA
Guess who said that? Canadians and Mexicains are on the same page, we agree on everything We really need to break the american blocus Federated and federal causes are useless

To an outside observer it would seem like the United States constant challenges were random but -Mike Medeiros if one where to review the Ohios representative The goal of Triumvirat amendments to is to promote integrathe resolution that tion and create relathe United States brought forward there seems to be tionships between our nations. There should be no individual winners or losers.The a clear strategy.The pattern goal of integration can never be leads one to believe realized as long as we harbour that the United individualistic attitudes in an States has outatmosphere of hostile compeside of tition. This simulation has become more than a simple simulation. It has become symbolic of the current situation in North American politics.

Brothers and sisters we have won!

SOMMAIRE
Cats of the hill

SUMARIO
After trade, soccer!

SUMMARY
P. 2 P. 3 P. 4 P. 5

The only American in town Un chapitre 11 pic...

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Behind the scene

CATS OF THE HILL


Judith Lussier
This is not an urban legend. About thirty cats are hiding at the edge of the parliamentarian hill since 1970. As uncommon as it may seem, shelters were built for them at the left of the Parliament Buildings, in the middle of a highly traditional and formal site.Of course,many other animals like racoons and squirrels are taking advantage of those installations. Ren Chartran, a retired volunteer, has been taking care of them for several years now. He feeds them every day and makes sure they're in good health.Vaccinated, spaded and neutered, they are of no danger to the public. You can read on the Parliament web site that the contrast between these modest shelters and the formality and tradition of the Parliament Buildings is a symbol of compassion,one of the important elements of Canadian society. Since this important element is not encouraged by the federal

Carta al Editor, Open letter


From the Mexican delegation
En el entendido de que una verdadera integracin est basada en el reconocimiento mutuo de la diversidad cultural como un valor de riqueza al interior de nuestra regin,expresamos nuestra inconformidad ante la falta de espacios para el idioma espaol (que aglutina alrededor de 130 millones de habitantes de nuestra regin norteamericana). Durante las sesiones plenarias realizadas en el Senado no se cuenta con una traduccin simultnea al/del espaol, mismo que es considerado como idioma oficial del Triumvirat. Por ello,a travs de este medio realizamos una recomendacin a atender la logstica de futuros eventos y as, crear condiciones de equidad entre los participantes.

TrilatHerald Opinion

JUST AS IN REAL LIFE...


Enrique Esquivel-Lpez
One of the great values about democracies in North America is the increasing importance in promoting freedom of the press. When I was invited as journalist I thought I had the great opportunity to exercise this freedom and show our readers the importance in perusing such a great value. I still think this is the case.During the first meetings in the journal TrilatHerald -and considering the basic rules of the game- my commitment had to do with

Acknowledging the fact that real integration is based on the mutual recognition of the cultural diversity as an important value within our region, we express our inconformity relatMy commitment had to do ed to the lack of space for the Spanish language (spoken for more or less for 130 million with reporting the events as A beautiful Spanish stray cat. persons into our North American region) repindependent observer. resented by a missing simultaneous translagovernment, Mr Chartran is independently tion, considered as an official language of the seeking funding. You can donate in a small Triumvirat. reporting the events as independent observer, box just beside the installations. So between committed to my visions and sense of responsitwo plenary meetings, go take a look at this Hereby, we present a recommendation to bility in keeping the readers informed about the phenomenon, it is worth it. improve the logistics of future events, conse- sometimes contradictory aspects of reality. quently creating conditions of equality amongst participants. I always tried to escape a politically correct approach including some of the unexpected Atntamente, and humorous aspects that may eventually Respectfully, occur and resisting persistently the pressures of the owners of media . Ivn Faras, Liliana Prez, Just as in real life The task has not been Javier Lichtle, Paulina Prez, easy, but certainly exciting.

The Cat Sanctuary , as many people call it.

Gabriel Arellano, Gabriela Cantn, Gabriela Villavicencio, Daniel Cmara, Ricardo Cuellar, Denisse Garcia, Gloria Elizondo, Daniela Rodriguez, Nery Gracia, Jess Chairez, Mariana Quintanilla, Maxaira Baltazar, Ana Luisa Hernandez ngeles, Nuty Crdenas Alaminos, Antonio diel Pozo Garcia, Javier Muoz, Eugnie D. Pelletier, Karl.

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TrilatHerald

AFTER TRADE, SOCCER!


Annie Mathieu
It didn't take long for the Trade commission to reach an agreement. Around 3 o'clock, you could hear a round of applause in the room 9 of the Wellingtion building, but there was still one concern in the air; are we going to miss the afternoon soccer game? The Federal Mexican delegate, Audrey Lafontaine was right when she told The Trilat'Herald on Tuesday night that things are going well in her commission and that they will probably reach an agreement quickly. This left me wondering why they finished before everyone else. The informal discussions seemed to have played a big role in this commission. Karl Segnoe, the delegate from Texas, tells us There was a lot of negotiations and compromises. We had a few informal points to step away from the table and we talked and said how are we going to put this proposal together, how do you feel about that, what are you concerns. It didn't have to be long Segnoe said, about twenty-five minutes at the beginning of the day and a few more little informal sessions. His colleague Hilary Spek, from Nuevo Leon agrees I think it is easier to negotiate when you are in an informal session and later in the formal one, everybody is on the same line and it's easier.I think that internationally, when you actually are with the leaders, none of the decision are actually made at the Table; their made before hand by the bureaucrats. Do the trade commissioners think this represents that economical integration is easier than the rest? Without any doubts, social issues are more delicate then political ones answers Paulina Prez, from the federal state of USA.

CALM DOWN! WE ARE JUST SIMULATING!


Judith Lussier
One delegate representing the UnitedStates was a bit sad after coming back from her commission of Tuesday evening. Nobody would talk to her anymore, she felt, even once the debate was over. It's that she kept a very straight strategic line and some people seemed unable to make the difference between the real and the simulating delegate. Indeed, representing the US position is a very delicate task. Many delegates have to defend values that they themselves do not share.Since the US strategy is very clear,you can hardly derogate from it. However,even though some representatives may be sticking to extreme positions, delegates should remember that we are all playing a role. Also, I think it is a great exercise for students to find out arguments they are against in real life. That is why I encourage you folks to do so. At present, United-States reps have been successful in keeping their policy in mind. Even if it has made agreements hard to reach in some commissions, it maybe shows why politic and social integration is that complex within North America.

Entrevue

LES CORRIDORS SELON MIKE MEDEIROS


Propos recueuillis par Annie Mathieu AM. Qu'est-ce qui a t adopt en commission aujourd'hui ? MM. Nous avons adopt des conseils nationaux pour garder l'intgrit souveraine des pays et aussi un conseil trilatral pour pouvoir travailler ensemble sur l'intgration.On a radicalement chang la rsolution qui tait en place. grand problme avec un organisme qui a uniquement des politiciens car il peut changer du jour au lendemain si par exemple il y a une lection et que le gouvernement tombe.Avec un organisme bureaucratique on a une rglementation, une continuit assure.

IM SO LONELY!
Vanesa Casanovas Michel est la seule reprsentante de son pays, le Mexique, dans la commission sur l'nergie qui compte huit amricains et deux canadiens. Dur dur le mtier de reprsentante

AM. Qu'a-t-il t le plus difficile dans les ngociations,y a-t-il eu un pays plus rcalciAM. Plus prcisment ? MM. Les pouvoirs des comits ont t trant certaines mesures adoptes ?
donns au conseil et on a dpolitis les conseils, on les a rendu un organisme bureaucratique la place.C'tait suppos tre compos de ministres du gouvernement et nous on l'a rendu un organisme bureaucratique, administratif.

MM. Non, il n'y a pas vraiment eu de difficult. Ca s'est tellement bien pass. Toutes nos propositions ont t adoptes l'unanimit excepte pour deux.Nous avons vraiment travailler en quipe, les trois pays des tats fdraux et fdrs.

Que retient-elle de l'exprience?


J'ai compris le cas des pays dans les runions internationales qui n ont pas d quipe technique. J'tais toute seule pour tout grer en mme temps et il fallait que je suive et que je rdige en mme temps. J'ai ralis que cela donne beaucoup de force d tre nombreux et pas uniquement lorsque c est le temps de voter. Heureusement, on s est bien entendu avec la dlgation canadienne, nous avons pu rdiger des propositions ensemble. AM

AM. Pourquoi le rendre bureaucratique ? MM. Parce-que cela implique tellement


de dpartements, non seulement le dpartement des transports, on voit quatre cinq ministres diffrents. On avait un

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TrilatHerald At the energy commission...


2005
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BUSINESS AS USUAL
Gabriela Valeria Villavicencio
Antes de sealar la participacin de la Comisin de Energa, es importante mencionar que para la homogeneizacin de conceptos, los delegados pidieron cambiar el nombre de energas renovables por el de no tradicionales. Durante las sesiones se logr discutir la creacin de una Comisin Consultiva de Energa de Amrica del Norte (CCEAN) la cual se encargar de estudiar el impacto econmico y sostenible del uso de los energticos en el futuro. La comisin se encargar tambin de equilibrar los subsidios entre energa renovable y no renovable en funcin de la estructura de produccin y consumo de energticos de cada Estado. La cuestin de la reduccin de subsidios parece no ser controversial para los tres pases. Los delegados representantes de los Estados Unidos eliminaron la propuesta de reducir los ndices porcentuales de carbono sin la apelacin de Mxico y los delegados provinciales de Canad. Se avanz lentamente en la necesidad de la transferencia de tecnologa para disminuir la brecha energtica entre los tres pases.La comisin ofreci incentivar la investigacin y el desarrollo de nuevas fuentes de energas limpias, a pesar del freno que representan los actuales intereses por conservar los monopolios de la industria del petrleo y en general de la industria que produce la mayor emisin de carbono en Norteamrica. Considerando los costos de produccin de energtico de cada pas, la Comisin Consultiva de Energa de Amrica del Norte (CCEAN) sugerir los plazos en que los subsidios sern progresivamente eliminados considerando los costos en cada pas. Sin embargo me extraa que no exista una clusula de exclusin donde se permita a los Estados o Provincias menos desarrolladas y con dificultades en produccin de energas no trabajo, sin embargo, hace falta equilibrar el juego por la parte menos favorecida, que an no reacciona frente a esta estrategia. As, en relacin a la reduccin de subsidios se deja al aire el verdadero inters en eliminarlos gradualmente, debido a que en el documento oficial no se especifica el subsidio a la energa no renovable. Es claro que el documento sigue controlado para beneficio de los intereses monoplicos y que deja la responsabilidad a una subcomisin que sugerir la introduccin de energticos a Zonas de Promocin de Energa Renovable de Amrica del Norte desligndose de la toma de decisiones y logrando exactamente lo que a dichos intereses les interesa, aplazar cualquier avance.

tradicionales, una integracin gradual o una eliminacin de subsidios independiente a las decisiones de sta comisin tcnica. La duplicidad de crear otra comisin subordinada y especializada, encargada de evaluar el impacto tcnico y econmico, deja ver que fcilmente se delegan responsabilidades sociales y polticas, que la comisin debi haber delimitado. Es evidente la diferencia en el grado de avance tecnolgico de los lugares menos desarrollados, por lo que se requiere una clusula de exclusin donde se permita defender la industria energtica existente y de alternativas emergentes. En trminos de negociacin las delegaciones federales y federadas de Estados Unidos hicieron un buen

POINT OF ORDER AT THE IMMIGRATION COMMISSION


Chriss Corsetti

THE ONLY AMERICAN IN TOWN


Enrique Esquivel-Lpez
sentation of US y students in the event. He explained that more that under-representation, American students are awaking slowly to the possibility of taking a major or a minor in North American studies. On this regard -he mentioned- American University is making a great effort offering courses related to the integration of North America.In many universities in the United States parliamentarians simulations have occurred sponsored by UN and other organizations and the interest of American students have been great. Maybe some American students did not attend this event because it was not easy to get financial support also. But he is optimistic that surely but slowly American students will awake to the importance of getting involved in this kind of projects and events. Marlon is committed in supporting these events in the future and helping NAFI and other organizations to spread a better understanding of the importance of the integration of North America. Actually he raised a frequent question that is in the mind of some of the participants of Triumvirate.WHERE WILL BE THE NEXT ONE?

Visibly exhausted immigrations commissions secretary Karim Cheaib

Raised voices and outbursts had the Secretary, Karim Cheaib, repeating "point of order" ten times. Cheaib believes that "the commission is being slowed down by unnecessary interruptionsI have been in other simulations and ever where else it works faster because the rules are respected and people do not talk out of turn". After spending the majority of the first session arguing over the arbitrary name of the commission Cheaib believes that members of the commission "must look at the bigger picturewe argued so much about the name of the commission that we don't get anything done." Cheaib remained calm and although he had a few edgy moments when it look like

he was about to explode out of his seat he managed to hold order and keep the commission on track. The frustration was noticeable on the faces of the delegates and as the deadline grew closer the frustration rose with it. They spent the majority of the session arguing over protocol and not on the resolution.In the final hour they managed to pull it all together and produce a resolution that they felt comfortable presenting in the Senate. Whether it will pass or not is the question.The Immigration Commission does have the most difficult job at Triumvirat and despite the arguments the Chair and Secretary of the commission must be commended for their work.

Marlon Brown is the only American-born attending "Triumvirate". I met with him during breakfast on Wednesday and the conversation went to the issue of the under repre-

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TrilatHerald Immigration commission


2005
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LART DE METTRE DE LEAU DANS SON VIN


Judith Lussier
Immigration seems to be the hottest commission at the Triumvirat, and the one that reaches the lowest consensus too. Julieta Alejandra Yanez, the commission's counsellor, says it may be due to participant's enthusiasm. Delegates are so excited to represent opinions from different countries and they stick to their She suggests participants to put water in their wine, as we say in French, and to try to reach the Triumvirat's spirit. They are imitating the positions of their assigned countries, but they should also simulate the ideal of a real trilateral dialogue. See, if a North American parliamant had to happen, key word would be cooperation. So delegates must keep that in mind What doesn't help is the inequity in representation that characterises this commission. Indeed,nine Americans against four Mexicans can't give place to a real balanced confrontation. Add to that the case of the federated Canadian representing the distinct province of Quebec and you have an additional good reason for not reaching any consensus. Even though delegates have been told by the FINA staff to give up some of their policies, according to some of them, this situation certainly shows how far we are in real life of this level of integration, and how complex these issues are.

Mexican representative Eugnie Despatie-Pelletier wouldnt give up that easily.

position so firmly that they will hardly come to an agreement she told the TrilatHerald yesterday before the second round of debates. They are really taking their roles seriously . The fact that immigration deals with very complexes issues is certainly responsible for hot debates too. Immigration deals with human rights, security, economic growth development, trade, etc. says Mrs Yanez.

Julieta Alejandra Yanez

But isn't what seems to be a deaf dialogue on the issue of immigration revealing the impossibility of a social and political integration within North America? Yes, acknowledges Julieta Alejandra, it will be very difficult to have more than an economic integration in North America. Political and social issues are way more complexes than trade corridors for example, which a important as well .

LE CHAPITRE 11 EST-IL PLUS PIC ?


Cration dune nouvelle cour dappel
Les reprsentants amricains Brian Yeack et Calin Plesa, respectivement de l'tat de Washington et de Floride expliquent que la cration d'une nouvelle cour d'appel, charge de l'interprtation de ces fameuses mesures quivalentes (en partenariat avec la Cour de premire instance du tribunal) devrait rduire l'interprtation de cette expression de manire donner plus d'espace l'implantation de politiques qui permettraient d'assurer qu'il n'y ait pas de menaces aux mesures protectionnistes pour l'investisseur tranger. Toujours selon l'insparable duo amricain, le Canada devrait tre en mesure de dfier les amricains s'ils se sentent lss sur des questions comme celle du bois-d'uvre ou de la vache folle. Mais toute de suite aprs avoir fait part au TrilatHerald de ces belles rsolutions,un commentaire s'est chapp de la bouche du
Washingtons representativeBrian Yeak

reprsentant de l'tat de Washington : je crois que nous avons accomplis quelque chose d'important aujourd'hui. Comme dlgu amricain, je veux garder le bois canadien en-dehors de mon march et conserver des mesures protectionnistes [] Est-ce dire que le nouveau chapitre 11 n'est qu'en fait une copie de l'ancien assaisonn l'amricaine ? Et dans le mme ordre ide, le Mexique a-t-il eu la chance, ou plutt le dsir, d'y ajouter son grain de sel ?

Annie Mathieu
L'ide de carrment liminer la chapitre 11 de l'ALNA n'tait pas si farfelue aprs tout. Mais puisque les amricains ont russis le normaliser , tout semble tre entr dans l'ordrec'est du moins ce qu'en pense le canadien Marlon Brown, celui-l mme qui avait largu sa bombe avant-hier en commission avec cette proposition audacieuse.

Nous avons russi rassembler nos ides et travailler selon nos capacits explique M. Brown lors d'une pause bien mrite de la commission sur le chapitre 11. Il est toutefois surprenant qu'un dlgu canadien et qui avait de surcrot propos l'limination du chapitre semble aussi satisfait du travail effectu par sa commission. A-t-on alors russi restreindre la porte de l'expression mesures quivalentes ?

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TrilatHerald

COMMANDITES DE PRESTIGE

COMMANDITES PRIVILGES GazMtro Commission de cooopration environnementale de l'Amrique du Nord The Washington Center Bureau du Premier ministre du Qubec

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