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Wireless N PCI Adapter User Manual

Model # AWN-PCI-11NR

FCCWarning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class C digital device,pursuanttopart15oftheFCCRules.Theselimitsaredesignedtoprovidereasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordancewiththeinstructions,maycauseharmfulinterferencetoradiocommunication. However,thereisnoguaranteethatinterferencewillnotoccurinaparticularinstallation.If thisequipmentdoescauseharmfulinterferencetoradioortelevisionreception,whichcan bedeterminedbyturningtheequipmentoffandon,theuserisencouragedtotrytocorrect theinterferencebyoneormoreofthefollowingmeasures: Reorientorrelocatethereceivingantenna. Increasetheseparationbetweentheequipmentandreceiver. Connecttheequipmentintoanoutletonacircuitdifferentfromthattowhich Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. the receiver is connected.
FCCCaution:Anychangesormodificationsnotexpresslyapprovedbythepartyresponsible

forcompliancecouldvoidtheusersauthoritytooperatethisequipment. ThisdevicecomplieswithPart15oftheFCCRules.Operationissubjecttothefollowingtwo conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

NOTE:AllTelecomandsafetyTestsonlyincludethiscontenthardwaredeviceonly.
IMPORTANTNOTE:

FCCRadiationExposureStatement: ThisequipmentcomplieswithFCCradiationexposurelimitssetforthforanuncontrolled environment.Thisequipmentshouldbeinstalledandoperatedwithaminimumdistanceof abouteightinches(20cm)betweentheradiatorandyourbody. Thistransmittermustnotbecolocatedoroperatedinconjunctionwithanyotherantenna ortransmitter.


ModularApprovalStatement:

ThisdeviceisintendedtobeusedonlyforOEMintegratorunderthefollowingconditions: 1)Theantennamustbeinstalledsuchthat20cmismaintainedbetweentheantennaand users,and 2)Thetransmittermodulemaynotbecolocatedwithanyothertransmitterorantenna.

IMPORTANTNOTE:

Intheeventthattheseconditionscannotbemet(forexamplecertainlaptopconfigurations orcolocationwithanothertransmitter),thentheFCCauthorizationisnolongerconsidered validandtheFCCIDcannotbeusedonthefinalproduct.Inthesecircumstances,theOEM integrator will be responsible for reevaluating the end product (including the transmitter) andobtainingaseparateFCCauthorization.

RevisionHistory
Revision History V1.0 1strelease

All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or registered trademarksoftheirrespectiveholders.

Contents
1.Introduction ........................................................................... 4
1.1Features ................................................................................................... 4 1.2Familiarwithyournewwirelessnetworkcard ......................................... 4 1.3PackageContents ..................................................................................... 5 1.4Beforeyoustart ....................................................................................... 5 1.5HardwareInstallation............................................................................... 6

2.InstallationProcedure ............................................................... 7 3.WirelessNetworkConfigurationUtility ........................................ 13


3.1RaUIWirelessUtility&WindowsZeroConfiguration(WZC)................... 13 3.2StartRaUIUtility .................................................................................... 18 3.3Profile .................................................................................................... 25 3.3.1Add/EditProfile.......................................................................... 26 3.3.2ExampletoAddProfileinProfile ................................................ 27 3.4Network ................................................................................................. 29 3.5Advanced ............................................................................................... 31 3.6Statistics................................................................................................. 33 3.7WMM..................................................................................................... 34 3.8WPS ....................................................................................................... 40 3.9SSO......................................................................................................... 43 3.10CCX....................................................................................................... 44 3.11About ................................................................................................... 45 3.12LinkStatus............................................................................................ 45

4.SoftAPFunction .................................................................... 46
4.1SwitchtoAPmodeandBasicConfiguration ........................................... 46 4.2SecuritySettings..................................................................................... 49 4.3AccessControl........................................................................................ 50 4.4MACTable.............................................................................................. 51 4.5EventLog................................................................................................ 51 4.6Statistics................................................................................................. 52 4.7About ..................................................................................................... 53

1. Introduction
Thankyouforpurchasingthishighspeedwirelessnetworkcard!Exceptingcommonwireless standards 802.11b/g, this wireless network card is also able to access 802.11n wireless networksdatatransferrateis150Mbps,andthatsthreetimesfasterthan802.11gwireless network!WitheasytoinstallPCIinterfaceaverycommonexpansionportofcomputers plugthiswirelessnetworkcardintoanyemptyPCIslotofyourcomputer,justthatsimple!

ThisproductismadeinISO9001approvedfactoryandcomplieswithFCCpart15regulations andCEapproval.

1.1Features
Highefficiencyantennaexpandsthescopeofyourwirelessnetwork. HighspeeddatatransferrateUpto150Mbps. WMMfunction:controlthebandwidthrequiredfordifferentapplications. WorkwithIEEE802.11b/g/nwirelessdevices. SupportsmajorencryptionmethodslikeWEP,WPA,andWPA2encryption. WPS configuration You dont need an experienced computer technician to help youtogetconnected.Utilizingthesoftwareprogramofthecard,youcangetyour computerconnectedbypushingabuttonorenteringan8digitcode.Pressingthe buttononthenetworkcard,theWPSconnectioncanbeactivatedaswell. PCIinterfaceyoucangetitinstalledonyourcomputerinjustfewseconds!

1.2Familiarwithyournewwirelessnetworkcard

1.Antennas

One 2dBi dipole antenna is enclosed with the PCI card. Please secure the antennatoReverseSMAconnectorofthecard.
2.Link&ActiveLEDDefinitions LED LightStatus On Off Blinking Off Description Linktoawirelessaccesspoint Radioisswitchedtooff Transferring/receivingdata Nowirelessactivity

Link Active

1.3PackageContents
Before you starting to use this wireless network card, please check if theres anything missinginthepackage,andcontactyourdealerofpurchasetoclaimformissingitems: OnePCIWirelessNetworkCard One2dBiDipoleAntennas OneCDROM(Drivers/Utility/UserManual)

1.4Beforeyoustart
Youmusthavetherequirementsasfollow, AcomputerwithanavailablePCIslot Atleasta300MHzprocessorand32MBmemory Windows2000/XP/VistaorWindows7operationsystem ACDROMdrive Atleast100MBofavailablediskspace. WirelessPCIAdapterproperlyinstalled

1.5HardwareInstallation
STEP1:Turnoffyourcomputerandremoveitscover STEP2:InsertthePCIwirelessnetworkcardintoanavailablePCIslotfirmly.Pleasereferto theillustrationbelow:

STEP3:Securethiscardtotherearofthecomputerchassisandreplacethecover. STEP4: Install the antenna on the wireless network card, and make sure the antenna is securelyinstalled.Toimproveradioreception,pleaseadjustantennatotheproperposition.

STEP5:Turnonthecomputer.

2. InstallationProcedure
Note:IfyouhaveinstalledtheWirelessAdapterdriver&utilitybefore,pleaseuninstallthe oldversionfirst.

STEP1: The Found New Hardware Wizard below will appear after the WLAN adapter is installed.PleaseclickCanceltocontinue.

(ForWindowsVista)

(ForWindowsXP)

(ForWindows2000)

STEP2: Insert Installation CD into CDROM drive, windows below will appear. Click Install Driver&Utilitytobegindevicedriverinstallation.

STEP3: Please read the following license agreement. Use the scroll bar to view the rest of this agreement. Select I accept the terms of the license agreement and click Next to continue.

STEP4:ChooseInstalldriverandRalinkWLANUtilityandclickNexttocontinue.

STEP5: In Windows XP, there is a Windows Zero Configuration Tool for you to setup wireless adapter. You can choose to configure the adapter through the Microsoft Zero Configuration Tool or the Ralink Configuration Tool. It is recommended to choose the RalinkConfigurationToolfortheadapter.ClickNexttocontinue.

STEP6:ClickInstalltobegintheinstallation.

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STEP7: Please wait for a while during the Wireless LAN adapter is configuring your new softwareinstallation.

STEP8:AfterthesetupwizardhassuccessfullyinstalledwirelessLAN,clickFinishtoexitthe wizard.

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The Configuration Utility appears as an icon on the system tray of Windows while the adapterisrunning.Youcanopentheutilitybydoubleclickontheicon.

Rightclicktheicon,therearesomeitemsforyoutooperatetheconfigurationutility, LaunchConfigUtilities SelectthisoptiontoopentheConfigurationUtilitytool. Use Zero Configuration as Configuration utility (Available on Windows XP only) ZeroConfiguration)toconfiguretocard. SwitchtoSTA+APMode(AvailableonWindows7) APmode. SwitchtoAPMode(AvailableonWindowsVista/XP/2000only) tochangetoAPmode. Open Diagnostic Testing Mode (Available on Windows Vista/XP/2000 only) checknetworkconnectionstatus. Exit SelectExittoclosetheConfigurationUtilitytool. To Selectthisoption Selectthisoptiontochangeto Select this option to use Windows XP builtin wireless configuration utility (Windows

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3. WirelessNetworkConfigurationUtility
3.1RaUIWirelessUtility&WindowsZeroConfiguration(WZC)
TheConfigurationUtilityisapowerfulapplicationthathelpsyoutoconfiguretheWireless LANadapterandmonitorthelinkstatusandstatisticsduringthecommunicationprocess. Whentheadapterisinstalled,theconfigurationutilitywillbedisplayedautomatically.This adapterwillautoconnecttowirelessdevicewhichhasbettersignalstrengthandnowireless securitysetting. In Windows XP, it provides wireless configuration utility named Windows Zero configurationwhichprovidesbasicconfigurationfunctionforRalinkWirelessNIC,Ralinks Utility(RaUI)providesWPAsupplicantfunctionality.Tomakeiteasierforusertoselectthe correct utility, RaUI will let user make the selection when it first runs after windows XP boots. RaUIcancoexistwithWZC(WindowsZeroConfiguration).WhencoexistingwithWZC,RaUI only provides monitoring function, such as link status, network status, statistic counters, advance feature status, WMM status and WPS status. It wont interfere with WZCs configurationorprofilefunctions.Pleaseseebelowpicture:ToselectWZCorRaUI

If Use Zero Configurations as Configuration utility is selected, please continue on the section.BelowpictureshowsthattheRaUIstatuswhenWZCisactiveasmaincontrolutility.

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When activating WZC, there are couple different on RaUI status compare to the without WZCrunning: (1) Profile button will be gray, profile function is removed since the NIC is controlled by WZC. (2) The connect and add profile function will be gray. The reason is same as the first difference. [UseWZCtoconfigurewirelessNIC] STEP1: Rightclick Ralink configuration utility icon and select Use Zero Configuration as ConfigurationUtility.

STEP2:Rightclickthenetworkconnectioniconinthetaskbar.

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STEP3:Allwirelessaccesspointinproximitywillbedisplayhere.Iftheaccesspointyouwant touseisnotdisplayhere,pleasetrytomoveyourcomputerclosertotheaccesspoint,or youcanclickRefreshNetworkListtorescanaccesspoints.Clicktheaccesspointyouwan touseifitsshown,thenclickConnect.

STEP4:Iftheaccesspointisprotectedbyencryption,youhavetoinputitssecurity keyor passphrasehere.Itmustmatchtheencryptionsettingontheaccesspoint.

STEP5: When you see the Connected message, the connection between your computer andwirelessaccesspointissuccessfullyestablished.

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STEP6:IfyouwanttomodifyinformationaboutAP,clickChangeadvancedsettings

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STEP7:ChooseWirelessNetworkstab.

STEP8:ClickPropertiesandthenclickOKbutton.

STEP9: After filling appropriate value, click OK button. And the status will prompt up as below.

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STEP10: Click the Ralinks icon will bring up RaUI main window. User can find the surrounding APs in the list. The current connected AP will also show with the green icon indicated as below screen. User may user the available tab to configure more advanced featuresprovidedbyRalinkswirelessNIC.

3.2StartRaUIUtility
WhenstartingRaUI,systemwillconnecttotheAPwithbestsignalstrengthwithoutsetting profileormatchingprofilesetting.Itwillissueascancommand towirelessNIC.After two seconds, the AP list will updated with the result of BSS list scan. The AP list include most used fields, such as SSID, network type, channel used, wireless mode, security status and signalpercentage.ThearrowiconindicatestheconnectedBSSorIBSSnetwork.

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TherearethreesectionsinRaUI.Thesesectionsarebrieflydescribedasbelow. ButtonSection:IncludeProfilepage,Networkpage,Advancedpage,Statisticspage, WMM page, WPS page, SSO page, CCX Page, About button, Radio On/Off button andHelpbutton. ButtonSection MovetotheLeft MovetotheRight

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FunctionSection:Correspondingbutton ProfilePage

NetworkPage

AdvancedPage

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StatisticsPage

WMMPage

WPSPage

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SSOPage(availableonWindowsXP&2000OS)

CCXPage(availableonWindowsVista,XP&2000OS)

AboutPage

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Status Section: Include Link Status, Authentication Status, APs information, Configurationandretryingtheconnectionwhenauthenticationisfailed. LinkStatus

AuthenticationStatus

APsInformation

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RetrytheConnection

Configuration

AtthemeantimeofstartingRaUI,thereisalsoasmallRalinkiconappearswithin windows taskbar as below. You may double click it to bring up the main menu if youselectedtocloseRaUImenuearlier.Youmayalsousemouse;srightbuttonto closeRaUIutility. Ralinkiconinsystemtray. Besides, the small icon will change color to reflect current wireless network connectionstatus.Thestatusindicatesasfollow:

indicateConnectedandSignalStrengthisGood. indicateConnectedandSignalStrengthisNormal indicateWirelessNICisnotconnectedyet indicateWirelessNICisnotdetected indicateConnectedandSignalStrengthisWeak

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3.3Profile
Profilecanbookkeepingyourfavoritewirelesssettingamongyourhome,office,andother public hotspot. You may save multiple profiles, and activate the correct one at your preference.

[Definitionofeachfield] ProfileName:Nameofprofile,presettoPROF(indicate1,2,3,) SSID:APorAdHocname NetworkType:Networkstype,includinginfrastructureandAdHoc. Authentication:Authenticationmode Encryption:EncryptionType Use802.1x:Whetherornotuse802.1xfeature Tx Power: Transmit power, the amount of power used by a radio transceiver to send the signalout. Channel:channelinuseforAdHocmode PowerSaveMode:ChoosefromCAM(ConstantlyAwakeMode)orPowerSavingMode. RTS Threshold: User can adjust the RTS threshold number by sliding the bar or key in the valuedirectly. FragmentThreshold:UsercanadjusttheFragmentthresholdnumberbyslidingthebaror keyinthevaluedirectly. [Iconsandbuttons] indicateconnectionissuccessfuloncurrentlyactivatedprofile indicateconnectionisfailedoncurrentlyactivateprofile indicatenetworktypeisinfrastructuremode indicatenetworktypeisAdHoc indicatesecurityenabledwirelessnetwork Addanewprofile Editanexistingprofile
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Deleteanexistingprofile Activateselectedprofile

ShowtheinformationofStatusSection HidetheinformationofStatusSection

3.3.1Add/EditProfile Thereare3methodstoopenProfileEditorform: YoucanopenitfromAddtoProfilebuttoninSiteSurveyfunction YoucanopenitformAddbuttoninProfilefunction YoucanopenitfromEditbuttoninProfilefunction

ProfileName:Usercanchosenameforthisprofile,orusedefaultnamedefinedbysystem. SSID: User can key in the intended SSID name or use pull down menu to select from availableAPs. PowerSaveMode:ChoosefromCAM[ConstantlyAwakeMode]orPowerSavingMode. NetworkType:Therearetwotypes,infrastructureand802.11AdHocmode.UnderAdHoc mode, user canalso choosethepreamble type,theavailablepreambletype includesauto andlong.InadditiontothatthechannelfieldwillbeavailableforsetupinAdHocmode. TxPower:Youcanselectthewirelessoutputpowerhere.IfyourenottoofarfromAP(good

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signalreception),youcanselectaloweroutputpowertosaveenergy;foradistantaccess point, you can select a higher output power. Its suggested to select Auto to let setup utilitydecidethebestoutputpowerforyou. Preamble: Select the preamble for Ad hoc mode here. Available option are Auto and Long. RTS Threshold: User can adjust the RTS threshold number by sliding the bar or key in the valuedirectly.Thedefaultvalueis2347. FragmentThreshold:UsercanadjusttheFragmentthresholdnumberbyslidingthebaror keyinthevaluedirectly.Thedefaultvalueis2346. Channel: Only available for setting under AdHoc mode. User can choose the channel frequencytostarttheirAdHocnetwork. AuthenticationType:Thereare7typeofauthenticationmodessupportedbyRaUI.Theyare Open,Shared,LEAP,WPA,WPAPSK,WPA2,WPA2PSK. Encryption Type: For open and shared authentication mode, the selection of encryption type are None and WEP. For WPA, WPA2, WPAPSK and WPA2PSK authentication mode, theencryptiontypesupportsbothTKIPandAES. 802.1xSetting:ItisanauthenticationforWPAandWPA2certificatetoserver. WPA PreShared Key: This is the shared secret between AP and STA. For WPAPSK and WPA2PSK authentication mode, this field must be filled with character longer than 8 and lessthan32lengths. WEPKey:OnlyvalidwhenusingWEPencryptionalgorithm.ThekeymustmatchedAPskey. Thereareseveralformatstoenterthekeys: Hexadecimal40bits:10Hexcharacters Hexadecimal128bits:26Hexcharacters. ASCII40bits:5ASCIIcharacters ASCII128bits:13ASCIIcharacters

ShowPassword:Checkthisboxandallpassphrasesorsecuritykeysyouinputtedwillbe displayedasyoutype,butnotreplaceyourinputwithasterisk. Use802.1x:Iftheaccesspointyouwishtoconnectrequires802.1xauthentication,please clickonUse802.1xbox,thenclick802.1Xtabtoset802.1xparameters. 3.3.2ExampletoAddProfileinProfile Step1:ClickAddinProfilefunction

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Step2:AddProfilepagewillpopup.

Step3:Changeprofilenametowhatyouwanttoconnect.PulldowntheSSIDandselectone intendedAP.TheAPlististheresultoflastNetwork.

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Step 4: To set authentication/encryption information for the access point, please click Auth.\Encry.Tab.

Step5:Then,youcanseetheprofilewhichyousetappearintheprofilelist.ClickActivate toactivatetheprofilesetting.

3.4Network
Under the Network function, system will display the information of surrounding APs from lastscanresult.ListinformationincludesSSID,BSSID,Signal,Channel,Encryptionalgorithm, AuthenticationandNetworktypeasbelow:

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[Definitionofeachfield] Sorted by >>: You can decide how to sort all listed access point by SSID, Channel, Signal (Signalstrength). Show dBm: Check this box to show the signal strength of access point, instead of percentage. Rescan:Clickthisbuttontorescanaccesspoints.Youcanclickthisbuttonforseveraltimes, iftheaccesspointyouwishtousedoesnotshowinthelist. AddtoProfile:Youcanstoreaspecificaccesspointtoprofile,soyoucanlinktothataccess pointdirectlynexttimewithoutinputtingauthenticationkeyagain. Connect:Connecttoaselectedaccesspoint.Youhavetoselectanaccesspointfromthelist firstandthenclickConnecttoconnecttotheselectedaccesspoint. [Icons&Buttons] Indicateconnectionissuccessful. Indicatenetworktypeisinfrastructuremode. IndicatenetworktypeisAdHocmode. Indicatesecurityenabledwirelessnetwork. Indicate802.11awirelessmode Indicate802.11bwirelessmode. Indicate802.11gwirelessmode. Indicate802.11nwirelessmode. APlistsaresortedbySSID,Channel,orSignal. Commandtoconnecttotheselectednetwork. Issue a rescan command to wireless NIC to update information on Indicatethe

surroundingwirelessnetwork. AddtheselectedAPtoProfilesetting.Itwillbringupprofilepageand

saveuserssettingtoanewprofile. [ConnectedNetwork] (1) WhenRaUIfirstran,itwillselectthebestAPtoconnectautomatically.

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(2) IfuserwantstoconnecttootherAP,HecanclickConnect:buttonfortheintendedAP tomakeconnection. (3) If the intended network has encryption other than Not Use, RaUI will bring up the securitypageappropriateinformationtomaketheconnection. (4) WhenyoudoubleclickontheintendedAP,youcanseeAPsdetailinformation.

3.5Advanced
Thiswirelessnetworkcardprovidesseveraladvancedsettingsforexperiencedwirelessusers. Youcanchangethesesettingstoincreasedatatransferperformance,orchangeoperation mode.

WirelessMode:Selectwirelessmode.Support2.4Gonly. EnableTxBurst:Ralinksproprietaryframeburstmode. EnableTCPWindowsSize:Enhancethroughout. FastRoamingat:Fasttoroaming,setupbytransmitpower. Select your Country Region Code: The available channel differs from different countries. For example: USA (FCC) is channel 111, Europe (ETSI) is channel 113. The operating frequencychannelwillberestrictedtothecountryuserlocatedbeforeimporting.Ifyouare indifferentcountry,youhavetoadjustthechannelsettingtocomplytheregulationofthe country. Supporting region code for this section has CH111, CH113, CH1011, CH1013, CH14,CH114,CH39,andCH513.PleaserefertobelowChannelClassificationandrange, CountryChannellisttoselectyourCountryRegionCode:

Figure1:ChannelClassificationandrange

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Figure2:CountryChannellist Apply:Savethesavechanges

ShowtheinformationofStatusSection HidetheinformationofStatusSection

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3.6Statistics
Theconfigurationutilityprovidesinformationaboutnetworkstatisticsandlinkstatus.Ifyou want to know how your wireless network card works, you can use these functions to get detailedinformationaboutthewirelessconnectionyoureusing. [TransmitStatistics]

FramesTransmittedSuccessfully:Framessuccessfullysent. FramesRetransmittedSuccessfully:Successfullyretransmittedframesnumbers FramesFailToReceiveACKAfterAllRetries:Framesfailedtransmitafterhittingretrylimit. ResetCounter:Resetcounterstozero [ReceiveStatistics]

FramesReceivedSuccessfully:Framesreceivedsuccessfully. FramesReceivedWithCRCError:FramesreceivewithCRCerror. FramesDroppedDueToOutOfResource:Framesdroppedduetoresourceissue. DuplicateFramesReceived:Duplicatereceivedframes. ResetCounter:Resetcounterstozero

ShowtheinformationofStatusSection HidetheinformationofStatusSection

Allconnectionrelatedstatisticsisdisplayedhere.YoucanclickTransmitorReceivetab, toviewthestatisticsoftransmittedorreceivedpackets.YoucanalsoclickResetCounter button,toresetthestatisticsofallitemsbackto0.

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3.7WMM
ThiswirelessnetworkcardprovidesWMM(WiFiMultimedia)function,whichcanimprove the performance of certain network applications, like audio/video streaming, network telephony(VoIP),andothers.WhenyouenabletheWMMfunctionofthisnetworkcard,you candefinethepriorityofdifferentkindsofdata,togivehigherprioritytoapplicationswhich require instant responding. Therefore you can improve the performance of such network applications.

WMMEnable:CheckthisboxtoenableWMMfunction.PleaseclickApplybuttononthe rightofthischeckboxafteryoucheckoruncheckthisbox,socorrespondingsettingsinthis windowwillbeactivatedordeactivatedrespectively. WMMPowerSaveEnable:CheckthisboxtoenableWMMpowersavingmodetosave energy,andletyourcomputersbatterylivelonger.YoualsohavetoselectWMMpower savemodeshere: AC_BE:BestPerformance AC_BK:WorstPerformance AC_VI:Videodatahaspriority AC_VO:Voicedatahaspriority

DirectLinkSetupEnable:IfyouhaveanotherWMMenabledwirelessdevice,youcanenter itsMACaddresshere,thenclickApplybutton,andthisnetworkcardwillestablishadirect linktothewirelessdeviceyouspecifiedhere. Youalsohavetospecifythetimeoutvalueofthisdirectlylinkedwirelessdevice.Validvalues arefrom1to65535(seconds),andinput0forinfinity. Ifyouwanttoremoveaspecificwirelessdevicefromdirectlinktable,selectthedeviceand clickthisbuttontoremoveit. [WMMEnableEnableWiFiMultiMedia] IfyouwanttouseWMMPowerSaveorDirectLinkSetupyoumustenableWMM.The settingmethodsofenablingWMMindicatingasfollow: Step1:ClickWMMEnable

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Step 2: Change to Network function. And add an AP that supports WMM features to a Profile.TheresultwilllooklikethebelowfigureinProfilepage.

[WMMPowerSaveEnableEnableWMMPowerSave] Step1:ClickWMMPowerSaveEnable

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Step 2: Please select which ACs you want to enable. The setting of enabling WMMPower Saveissuccessfully.

[DirectLinkSetupEnableEnableDLS(DirectLinkSetup)] Step1:ClickDirectLinkSetupEnable

Step2:ChangetoNetworkfunction.AndaddanAPthatsupportsDLSfeaturestoaProfile. TheresultwilllooklikethebelowfigureinProfilepage.

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TheSettingofDLSindicatesasfollow: (1) Fill in the blanks of Direct Link with MAC address of STA. The STA must conform to 2 conditionsasfollow: ConnectwiththesameAPthatsupportDLSfeatures. HavetoenableDLS

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(2) TimeoutValuerepresentthatitdisconnectautomaticallyaftersomeseconds.Thevalue isinteger.Theintegermustbebetween0~65535.Itrepresentsthatitalwaysconnectsif thevalueiszero.DefaultvalueofTimeoutValueis60seconds.

(3) ClickApplybutton.Theresultwilllooklikethebelowfigure.

DescribeDLSStatusasfollow: (1) Astheupfigure,afterconfiguringDLSsuccessfully,showMACaddressoftheopposite sideandTimeoutValueofsettinginDLSStatus.InDLSStatusoftheoppositeside,it showsMACaddressofitselfandTimeoutValueofsetting. (2) DisplaythevaluesofDLSStatustoDirectLinkSetupasfollow: Step 1: In DLS Status, select a direct link STA what you want to show its values in DirectLinkSetup.

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Step2:DoubleClickandtheresultwilllooklikethebelowfigure.

(3) DisconnectDirectLinkSetupasfollow: Step1:SelectadirectlinkSTA.

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Step2:ClickTearDownbutton.Theresultwilllooklikethebelowfigure.

3.8WPS
WiFiProtectedSetup(WPS)isthelatestwirelessnetworktechnologywhichmakeswireless networksetupbecomeverysimple.IfyouhaveWPSenabledwirelessaccesspoint,andyou wanttoestablishasecureconnectiontoit,youdonthavetoconfigurethewirelessaccess pointandsetupdataencryption byyourself.Allyouhave todoisto goto theWPSsetup pageofthiswirelesscard,clickabutton,andthenpressaspecificbuttonorenterasetof 8digit code on the wireless access point you wish to establish a secure connection just threesimplesteps! For older wireless access points, its possible to perform a firmware upgrade to become a WPSenabled access point. Since they may not have a hardware button to press for WPS setup, you can use an alternative WPS setup method input the pin code. Every WPScompatiblewirelessnetworkcardsupportpincodeconfigurationmethod;youcanjust inputthecodetowirelessaccesspoint,andthewirelessaccesspointandwirelessnetwork cardwilldotherestforyou. ThiswirelessnetworkcardiscompatiblewithWPS.Tousethisfunction,thewirelessaccess point you wish to connect to must support WPS function too. Now, please follow the followinginstructionstoestablishsecureconnectionbetweenWPSenabledwirelessaccess pointandyourwirelessnetworkcard.

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WPSConfiguration:TheprimarygoalofWiFiProtectedSetup(WiFiSimpleConfiguration) istosimplythesecuritysetupandmanagementofWiFinetworks.RalinkSTAasanEnrollee or external Registrar supports the configuration setup using PIN configuration method or PBC configuration setup using PIN configuration method or PBC configuration method throughaninternalorexternalRegistrar. WPSAPList:DisplaytheinformationofsurroundingAPswithWPSIEfromlastscanresult. ListinformationincludesSSID,BSSID,Channel,ID(DevicePasswordID),SecurityEnabled. Rescan: Issue a rescan command to wireless NIC to update information on surrounding wirelessnetwork. Information: Display the information about WPS IE on the selected network. List Information includes Authentication Type, Encryption Type, Config Methods, Device PasswordID,SelectedRegistrar,State,Version,APSetupLocked,UUIDEandRFBands. PINCode:8digitnumbers.ItisrequiredtoenterPINCodeintoRegistrarusingPINmethod. EachNICWirelesshasonlyonePINCodeofEnrollee. ConfigMode:OurstationroleplayingasanEnrolleeoranexternalRegistrar. WPSProfileList:DisplayallofcredentialsgotfromtheRegistrar.Listinformationincludes SSID, MAC address, Authentication and Encryption Type. If STA Enrollee, credentials are createdassoonaseach WPSsuccess.If STARegistrar,RaUIcreatesa new credentialwith WPA2PSK/AES/64HexKeyanddoesntchangeuntilnextswitchingtoSTARegistrar. ControlitemsonWPSProfileList: Detail:InformationaboutSecurityandKeyinthecredential Connect: Command to connect to the selected network inside credentials. The activeselectedcredentialisaslikeastheactiveselectedProfile. Rotate:Commandtorotatetoconnecttothenextinsidecredentials Disconnect:StopWPSactionanddisconnectthisactivelink.Andthenselectthelast profileattheProfilePageofRaUIifexist.Ifthereisanemptyprofilepage,thedriver will selectanynonsecurityAP. Delete:Deleteanexistingcredential.Andthenselectthenextcredentialifexist.If thereisanemptycredential,thedriverwillselectanynonsecurityAP.

PIN: Start to add to Registrar using PIN configuration method. IF STA Registrar, remember thatenterPINCodereadfromyouEnrolleebeforestartingPIN. PBC:StarttoaddtoAPusingPBCconfigurationmethod. When you click PIN or PBC, please dont do any rescan within twominute connection.Ifyouwanttoabortthissetupwithintheinterval,restartPIN/PBCor pressDisconnecttostopWPSconnection. WPSassociateIE:SendtheassociationrequestwithWPSIEduringWPSsetup.Itisoptional forSTA. WPSprobeIE:SendtheproberequestwithWPSIEduringWPSsetup.ITisoptionalforSTA.

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ProgressBar:DisplayrateofprogressfromStarttoConnectedstatus. StatusBar:DisplaycurrentlyWPSStatus. [WPSInformationonAP] WPS information contain authentication type, encryption type, config methods, device passwordID,selectedregistrar,state,version,APsetuplocked,UUIDEandRFbands. AuthenticationType:TherearethreetypesofauthenticationmodessupportedbyRaConfig. ThereareOpen,Shared,WPAPSK,andWPAsystem. EncryptionType:ForOpenandsharedauthenticationmode,theselectionofencryptionare None and WEP. For WPA, WPA2, WPAPSK, and WPA2PSK authentication mode, the encryptiontypesupportsbothTKIPandAES.

Config Methods: Correspond to the methods the AP supports as an Enrollee for adding externalRegistrars.(AbitwiseORofvalues)

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Device Password ID: Indicate the method or identifies the specific password that the selectedRegistrarintendstouse.APinPBCmodemustindicate0x0004withintwominute Walktime.

SelectedRegistrar:IndicateiftheuserhasrecentlyactivatedaRegistrartoaddanEnrollee. ThevaluesareTRUEandFALSE State: The current configuration state on AP. The value are Unconfigured and Configured. Version:WPSspecifiedversion. APSetupLocked:IndicateifAPhasenteredasetuplockedstate. UUIDE:Theuniversallyuniqueidentifier(UUID)elementgeneratedbytheEnrollee.Thereis avalue.Itis16bytes. RFBands: Indicate All RF bands available on the AP. A dualband AP must provide it. The valuesare2.4GHzand5GHz

3.9SSO
Single SignOn (SSO) is a session/user authentication process that permits a user to enter onenameandpasswordinordertoaccessmultipleapplications.Theprocessauthenticates the user for all the applications they have been given rights to and eliminates further prompts when they switch applications during a particular session. (Note: This feature doesntavailableWindows7andVistaOS)

EnableSSOFeature:ChoosewhichSSOmethodstologon UseIDandPasswordinWinlogon:UsetheIDandPasswordinWindowslogon.

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UseIDandPasswordinProfile:UsetheIDandPasswordinRaUIProfilesettings. Prompt ID and Password Dialog: Use the ID and Password in popup authenticationdialog. EnablePersistentConnection:UseDIandPasswordinthepreviousactivateProfileandnot showanyauthenticationdialog. ProfileList(onlySupportLEAPorEAPFASTauthentication): SelectProfile:SelectaprofilecontainingLEAPorEAPFASTauthentication. Informationofselectedprofile:Profileinformation,suchasProfilename,SSIDor Authentication.

3.10CCX
(Note:ThisfeaturedoesntavailableWindows7andVistaOS)

Enable CCX (Cisco Compatible eXtensions): Choose whether Cisco Compatible eXtensions are supportedornot. Enable Radio Measurement: Enable the radio measurement, the nonserving channel measurementlimitisbetween0~1023milliseconds. RoamingwithRFParameters:RoamingbyasetofRFparametersfromAP VoiceDrasticRoaming:Diagnoseroamingfunctionbyvoicetraffictest. CAC(Tolerance):Enablethecalladmissioncontrol. Diagnostic:Selectaprofilewhichtheuserwanttodiagnose,thenhittheDiagnosebutton toperformthediagnostictest.

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3.11About
Aboutfunctiondisplaythewirelesscardanddriverversioninformation.

(1) ConnecttoRalinksWebsite:WWW.RALINKTECH.COM (2) DisplayConfigurationUtility,Driver,andEEPROMversioninformation (3) DisplayWirelessNICMACAddress.

3.12LinkStatus
LinkStatusdisplaysthedetailinformationcurrentconnection

Status: Current connection status. If no connection, it will show Disconnected. Otherwise, theSSIDandBSSIDwillshowhere. ExtraInfo:Displaylinkstatusinuse. Channel:Displaycurrentchannelinuse. Authentication:Authenticationmodeinuse. Encryption:Encryptiontypeinuse. NetworkType:Networktypeinuse. IPAddress:IPaddressaboutcurrentconnection. SubMask:SubMastaboutcurrentconnection. DefaultGateway:Defaultgatewayaboutcurrentconnection.

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LinkSpeed:Showcurrenttransmitrateandreceiverate. Throughout:DisplaytransmitsandreceivethroughputinunitofMbps. Link Quality: Display Connection quality based on signal strength and Tx/Rx packet error rate. Signal Strength 1: Receive signal strength 1, user can choose to display as percentage or dBmformat. Signal Strength 2: Receive signal strength 2, user can choose to display as percentage or dBmformat. HT:DisplaycurrentHTStatusinuse,containingBW,GI,MCS,SNR0,andSNR1value.(Show theinformationonlyfor802.11nwirelesscard)

4. SoftAPFunction
Exceptingbecomeawirelessclientofotherwirelessaccesspoints,thiswirelesscardcanact as a wireless service provider also! You can switch this wireless cards operating mode to APmodetosimulatethefunctionofarealwirelessaccesspointbysoftware,andallother computers and wireless devices can connect to your computer wirelessly, even share the internetconnectionyouhave! PleasefollowtheinstructionsinfollowingchapterstousetheAPfunctionofyourwireless card.

4.1SwitchtoAPmodeandBasicConfiguration
The operating mode of the wireless card is Station Mode (becoming a client of other wirelessaccesspoints)bydefault.IfyouwanttoswitchtoAPmode,pleaserightclickRalink utilityicon,andselectSwitchtoAPMode.

AfteryouselectSwitchtoAPMode,theRalinkutilityiconwillbechangedto:

If you want to switch the wireless card back to station mode (become a client of other wirelessaccesspoints),clickSwitchtoStationMode.

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AconfigurationwindowwillappearafteryouswitchtheoperationmodetoAP,whichasks youtoassignanexistingnetworkcardwithinternetconnection

AfteryouclickOK,youllseethebasicconfigurationmenuoftheAPfunction.

SSID:PleaseinputtheSSID(thenameusedtoidentifythiswirelessaccesspoint)here.Upto 32numericalcharacterscanbeacceptedhere,exceptingspace. Channel: Please select the wireless channel you wish to use. The number of channels availableherewillvarydependsonthesettingofCountryRegionCode. WirelessMode:Selecttheoperationmodeoftheaccesspointhere. UseMacAddress:ClickthisbuttontousetheMACaddressofthewirelesscardasSSID.A prefixAPwillbeaddedautomatically

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SecuritySetting:Setthesecurityoptions(wirelessdataencryption).Pleaserefertochapter 42SecuritySettingsfordetails. Country Region Code: Please select the country code of the country or region you live. Availableoptionsare07,whichwillaffecttheavailablewirelesschannelsyoucanuse: 0:FCC(US,Canada,andothercountriesuses FCCradiocommunicationstandards) 1:ETSI(Europe) 2:SPAIN 3:FRANCE 4:MKK 5:MKKI(TELEC) 6:ISERAL(Channel3to9) 7:ISERAL(Channel5to13)

Pleasenotethatonlychangethecountrycodeifyouareindifferentcountry.Forexample: whenoperatingthisproductinUS,onlychannels1~11canbeoperated.Selectionofother channelsisnotpermittedunderFCCregulations. Noforwardingamongwirelessclients:Checkthisboxandwirelessclientswillnotbeableto sharedatawitheachother. HideSSID:CheckthisboxandtheSSIDwillnotbebroadcastedtothepublic.Yourwireless clients must know the exact SSID to be able to connect to your computer. This option is usefultoenhancesecuritylevel. AllowBW40MHz:CheckthisboxtoallowBW40MHzcapability. Beacon(ms):Youcandefinethetimeintervalthatabeaconsignalshouldbesend.Default valueis100.Donotmodifythisvalueunlessyouknowwhatwillbeaffected. TX Power: You can select the wireless output power here. Please select a proper output powersettingaccordingtoyouractualneeds. You maynotneed100%ofoutputpower if otherwirelessclientsarenotfarfromyou. Idle Time: Select the idle time for the wireless access point. Default value is 300. Do not modifythisvalueunlessyouknowwhatwillbeaffected. Tosavechanges,clickApplybutton.OryoucanclickDefaulttoresetallvaluestofactory defaultvalue.

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4.2SecuritySettings

AuthenticationType:Pleaseselectawirelessauthenticationtypeyouwishtouse.Available options are Open, Shared, WPAPSK, WPA2PSK, and WPAPSK / WPA2PSK. If you wanttodisablewirelessdataencryption,youmustselectOpen. EncryptionType:Pleaseselectanencryptionmode.Theavailableoptionsinthissettingitem willvarydependingontheauthenticationtypeyouselect.IfyouselectNotUse,datawill notbeencryptedandpeoplewithsomenetworkingknowledgewillbeabletoreadthedata youtransferwithpropertool. WPAPresharedKey:PleaseinputtheWPApresharedkeyhere.Onlyclientswiththesame presharedkeyyouinputtedherewillbeabletoconnecttoyourcomputer.Thissettingis onlyavailablewhenyouselectoneofWPAencryptions GroupRekeyInterval:Youcanspecifythetimeintervaltoreissuethekeytoyourwireless clientshere.Youcanclickthebutton10secondsorKpacketstochangetheunitoftime interval. (every 10 seconds or a thousand data packets times the value you specified in GroupRekeyIntervalfield). Wep Key:Pleaseinput theWEPencryption key herewhenyou selectWEP asencryption type.Thereare2typesofWEPkey:Hex(number 0to9,andASCIIcharactersAtoF)and ASCII(allalphanumerical charactersplussymbols). Pleaseselectthetypeof WEPkeyfirst, andtheninputtheWEPkeyaccordingtothetypeofWEPkeyyouselected.Ifyouwantto use WEP 64 bits encryption, please input 10 characters if you select HEX, or input 5 charactersifyouselectASCII.IfyouwanttouseWEP128bitsencryption,pleaseinput26 charactersifyouselectHEX,orinput13charactersifyouselectASCII.128bitsencryption

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issaferthen64bits,butthedatatransferspeedwillbeslightlyreduced. ShowPassword:CheckthisboxandtheWPApresharedkeyorWEPkeyyouinputtedwill beshown,butnotreplacedbyasterisk(*). Whenyoufinishwithsettingandwant tosavechanges, clickOKbutton,orclickCancel buttontodiscardallchangesyoumade.

4.3AccessControl
Ifyourenotgoingtoopenyourcomputerandwirelessresourcestothepublic,youcanuse MACaddressfilteringfunctiontoenforceyouraccesscontrolpolicy,soonlywirelessclients with MAC address you defined by this function can be connected to your software access point

AccessPolicy:Selectthepolicytypeofyouraccessrule. Disable:Allowanywirelessclientwithproperauthenticationsettingstoconnecttothis accesspoint. AllowAll:OnlyallowwirelessclientswithMACaddresslistedheretoconnecttothis accesspoint. RejectAll:RejectwirelessclientswithMACaddresslistedheretobeconnectedtothis accesspoint.

MACaddress:InputtheMACaddressofthewirelessclientyouwishtoalloworrejecthere.

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Nocolon(:)orhyphen()required. Add:AddtheMACaddressyouinputtedinMACaddressfieldtothelist Delete:PleaseselectaMACaddressfromthelist,thenclickDeletebuttontoremoveit. RemoveAll:DeleteallMACaddressesinthelist

4.4MACTable
Ifyouwanttoseethelistofallwirelessclientsconnectedtothisaccesspoint,pleaseselect MacTabletabfromtheutility

MACAddress:DisplaystheMACaddressofthiswirelessclient. AID:Theserialnumberofthiswirelessconnection. PowerSavingMode:Displaysthecapabilityofpowersavingfunctionofthiswirelessclient. Status: Displays additional information of this wireless Connection, like current wireless operatingmodeanddatatransferrate.

4.5EventLog
Thissoftwareaccesspointwilllogallwirelessrelatedactivitiesasalog.ClickEventLogtab, andtheeventlogwillbedisplayed.

YoucanclickCleartoremoveallentriesinthelog.

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4.6Statistics
Ifyouwanttoknowdetailedinformationabouthowyoursoftwareaccesspointworks,click Statisticstab,andtheeventlogwillbedisplayed.ClickRESETCOUNTERSbuttontoreset allcounterstozero.

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4.7About
The About tab provides you the information about version number of the configuration utility,driver,andotherimportantinformationaboutyourwirelessaccesspoint.

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