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Engineering Standard Electrical

EP 19 00 00 02 SP PROTECTION SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE HIGH VOLTAGE NETWORK


Version 4.0

Issued May 2010

Owner: Approved by:

Chief Engineer Electrical Wilfred Leung Chief Engineer Electrical Authorised by: Wilfred Leung Chief Engineer Electrical

Disclaimer This document was prepared for use on the RailCorp Network only. RailCorp makes no warranties, express or implied, that compliance with the contents of this document shall be sufficient to ensure safe systems or work or operation. It is the document users sole responsibility to ensure that the copy of the document it is viewing is the current version of the document as in use by RailCorp. RailCorp accepts no liability whatsoever in relation to the use of this document by any party, and RailCorp excludes any liability which arises in any manner by the use of this document. Copyright The information in this document is protected by Copyright and no part of this document may be reproduced, altered, stored or transmitted by any person without the prior consent of RailCorp.

Engineering Standard

RailCorp Engineering Standard Electrical Protection System Requirements for the High Voltage Network

EP 19 00 00 02 SP

Document control
Version 4.0 Date June 2007 May 2010 Summary of change Last Technical Review Application of TMA 400 format

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Contents
1 2 Introduction .............................................................................................................................6 Normative References ............................................................................................................6 2.1 International Standards..............................................................................................6 2.2 Australian Standards .................................................................................................6 2.3 RailCorp Documents..................................................................................................6 2.4 Industry Publications..................................................................................................7 Definitions and Abbreviations ...............................................................................................7 General Protection Philosophy .............................................................................................8 4.1 General ......................................................................................................................8 4.2 Protection Settings.....................................................................................................8 4.3 Grading ......................................................................................................................8 Specific Protection Equipment Requirements.....................................................................8 5.1 Protection Equipment Design Principles - All New HV Switchgear...........................8 5.2 Interfacing New Protection Schemes With Existing Equipment ................................9 5.2.1 Multiple Use of Current Transformers ........................................................9 5.2.2 Trip Circuit Supervision ..............................................................................9 5.2.3 Breaker Fail ................................................................................................9 5.2.4 Inter-trip ....................................................................................................10 5.3 Current Transformers (CT) ......................................................................................10 5.3.1 General Requirements .............................................................................10 5.3.2 Additional Requirements for CTs with a Rated Secondary Current of 1 Amp. .....................................................................................10 5.3.3 Multiple Ratio Current Transformers ........................................................11 5.3.4 Protection Current Transformers..............................................................11 5.3.5 Measurement Current Transformers........................................................11 5.3.6 Current Transformer Secondary Wiring ...................................................11 5.4 Voltage Transformers ..............................................................................................12 5.4.1 General Requirements .............................................................................12 5.4.2 Voltage Transformer Secondary Wiring ...................................................12 5.4.3 Voltage Transformer Alarms ....................................................................13 5.4.4 Voltage Transformer Supply to Protection Relays ...................................13 5.5 Auxiliary Supply (DC)...............................................................................................13 5.5.1 General Requirements .............................................................................13 5.5.2 Requirement for Two battery Systems.....................................................13 5.6 Protection Relays.....................................................................................................14 5.7 Close Inhibit .............................................................................................................14 5.8 Protection Alarms ....................................................................................................14 5.9 Inter-Trip Arrangements...........................................................................................14 5.9.1 Preferred Technology...............................................................................14 5.9.2 Fibre Optic Pilots ......................................................................................15 5.9.3 Copper Pilots............................................................................................15 5.10 Integrated Support System......................................................................................15 Specific Equipment Applications ........................................................................................15
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6.1

6.2

6.3

6.4

6.5

6.6

6.7

33kV & 66kV Feeders..............................................................................................15 6.1.1 Standard Protection Schemes .................................................................15 6.1.2 Primary Protection....................................................................................16 6.1.3 Backup protection.....................................................................................16 6.1.4 Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme ....................................................................16 6.1.5 Location of Current Transformers ............................................................16 6.1.6 Metering Requirements ............................................................................16 11kV feeders............................................................................................................17 6.2.1 Standard Protection Schemes .................................................................17 6.2.2 Primary Protection....................................................................................17 6.2.3 Backup protection.....................................................................................17 6.2.4 Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme ....................................................................18 6.2.5 Location of Current Transformers ............................................................18 6.2.6 Metering Requirements ............................................................................18 High Voltage Busbars & Bus-Tie Cables.................................................................18 6.3.1 Primary Protection for Busbars ................................................................18 6.3.2 Primary Protection for Bus-tie Cables ......................................................19 6.3.3 Backup Protection ....................................................................................19 6.3.4 Location of Current Transformers ............................................................19 Rectifier Transformer and Power Cubicle................................................................19 6.4.1 Primary Protection....................................................................................19 6.4.2 Backup Protection ....................................................................................20 6.4.3 Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme ....................................................................20 6.4.4 Protection Interface Requirements...........................................................20 System Transformers ..............................................................................................20 6.5.1 Standard Protection Schemes .................................................................20 6.5.2 Primary Protection....................................................................................20 6.5.3 Backup Protection ....................................................................................20 6.5.4 Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme ....................................................................20 6.5.5 Neutral Leakage .......................................................................................21 6.5.6 Buchholz Relay ........................................................................................21 6.5.7 Location of Current Transformers ............................................................21 11kV/415V Transformers.........................................................................................21 6.6.1 Transformers Supplied from Ring Main Units ..........................................21 6.6.2 Transformers Supplied from SCADA Controlled ACCBs ........................21 6.6.3 Standard Protection Schemes .................................................................21 6.6.4 Primary Protection....................................................................................22 6.6.5 Backup Protection ....................................................................................22 6.6.6 Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme ....................................................................22 Documentation Requirements .................................................................................22 6.7.1 Concept Design Documentation ..............................................................22 6.7.2 Detail Design Documentation...................................................................23 6.7.3 Commissioning Documentation ...............................................................23

Appendix A Protection Relays ..................................................................................................24 Approved Protection Relays....................................................................................................24 Location of Protection Relays .................................................................................................24

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Appendix B Appendix C Appendix D

ACCB Trip Coils - Standard Equipment Connection .........................................26 Two Battery Systems (125V DC) - Standard Protection Equipment Connection .............................................................................................................27 Interfacing With Existing Pilot Wire Schemes....................................................28

Appendix E Current Transformers (33kV & 66kV)...................................................................29 Rectifier Instantaneous Overcurrent & Earth Fault .................................................................29 Overcurrent and Earth Fault ...................................................................................................29 Pilot Wire Schemes.................................................................................................................30 Bus-Zone Schemes & Transformer Differential ......................................................................30 Appendix F Appendix G Appendix H Appendix I Appendix J Appendix K Appendix L Appendix M Appendix N Appendix O Appendix P Current Transformers for 11kV Switchgear ........................................................31 Protection Relay Identification.............................................................................32 Standard Test Block Wiring & Input/Output Relay Configuration ....................33 Voltage and Current Transducers........................................................................46 Pilot Wire Schemes ...............................................................................................47 Auto Re-close on High Voltage Feeders .............................................................48 Protection SCADA Alarms ....................................................................................49 Implementation Of SCADA Alarms & Control ....................................................51 Typical ACCB Auxiliary Supply Arrangement ....................................................52 Protection Relay Labelling Guidelines ................................................................54 Standard Current Transformer Configurations ..................................................57

Appendix Q Protection Non-Compliances Particular to the ECRL Project...........................60 11kV Protection.......................................................................................................................60 33kV Protection.......................................................................................................................60

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Introduction
This document covers the Protection System requirements for the RailCorp High Voltage AC Network for 33kV, 66kV and 132kV system voltages. The scope of this publication does not currently include specific protection scheme requirements for the high voltage AC network at 2kV system voltage. This will be incorporated in a future revision of this specification. This document does not include protection requirements for the 1500V DC system. The Specific Protection Equipment Requirements (Section 5 and associated Appendix) are common requirements for the entire high voltage network. These protection requirements cover general design principles for protection schemes, as well as requirements relating specifically to the protection equipment. They do not include equipment used for detection and measurement of non-electrical protection parameters (such as oil and gas sudden pressure change, fibre optic temperature measurement), other than to specify necessary interface details. The correct design, implementation and management of the overall protection system are critical to the safe and reliable operation of the RailCorp power system. As such, all design processes for the protection system must follow the RailCorp Engineering Design Management Procedures. All new installations, modified and refurbished existing installations must comply with the requirements in this document. High voltage protection systems existing at the date of release of this document are not affected by the requirements of this document.

Normative References
The following documents are either referenced in this standard or can provide further information. The edition is current at the time of publication of this document.

2.1

International Standards
IEEE C.37.2 - 1996 Standard electrical power system device function numbers and contact designations.

2.2

Australian Standards
AS1102-1996 Graphical symbols for diagrams. Switchgear, control gear and protective devices. AS 1675 - 1986 Current Transformers Measurement and Protection AS 2067 - 1984 Switchgear assemblies and ancillary equipment for alternating voltages above 1 kV AS 1243 - 1982 Voltage Transformers for Measurement and Protection

2.3

RailCorp Documents
EP 00 00 00 01 TI RAC Electrical system General Description EP 00 00 00 12 SP Electrical Power Equipment Integrated Support Requirements EP 00 00 00 13 SP Electrical Power Equipment Design Ranges of Ambient Conditions

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EP 00 00 00 15 SP Common requirements for Electrical Power Equipment EP 00 00 00 00 MP Electric Power Technical Maintenance Plan EP 03 02 00 01 SP Controls and Protection for Rectification Equipment EP 99 00 00 02 SP System Commissioning tests EP 01 00 00 01 SP 33kV AC Indoor Switchgear Non-Withdrawable TS 34 10 03 01 SP Design & Installation Tunnel Fire safety New Passenger Railway Tunnels ED0001 P ED0021 P inclusive Engineering Design Management Procedures

2.4

Industry Publications
Network Protection & Automation Guide (AREVA) (previously titled: Protective Relays Application Guide) Alstom/Areva Protection Relay Application Guides

Definitions and Abbreviations


ACCB Alternating current circuit breaker DC Auxiliary Supply Supply for the operation of electronic protection relays, energisation of multi-trip relay coils, energisation of HV ACCB trip and close coils and general control circuit operations. Nominally 125V DC or 48V DC. CT(s) Current Transformer(s) DC Direct Current Dedicated Pilot Cable A communication cable that is used only for the control, indication and pilot wire functions between two substations. The cable is continuous between substations. FAT Factory acceptance test IT Inter-trip Low Voltage Compartment The compartment on the high voltage switchgear where the protection relays, control equipment and wiring is installed. The compartment is usually accessed by a hinged door and does not require any isolation or operation of the switchgear for safe access. MTA Protection relay used for the multi-tripping of ACCBs. This is a automatically reset relay with a hand reset flag. MTM Protection relay used for the multi-tripping of ACCBs. This is a manually reset relay with a hand reset flag. Substation The following are locations within the RailCorp electrical network which are classified as system substations for the purpose of this document. Any location that includes a high voltage circuit breaker. Traction substation High voltage switching station High voltage switchroom (except 2kV)

2kV locations, pole top and other distribution substations that use HV fuses for protection are not classed as system substations.

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RTU Remote Terminal Unit (Interface to SCADA system) SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition system. Supervisory A connection to the Electrical Operating Centre to allow the remote operation of equipment and provision for remote monitoring of status and alarms using a SCADA system.

4
4.1

General Protection Philosophy


General
In designing the protection schemes for RailCorps high voltage network, the following general principles shall be applied: All high voltage faults shall be detected and able to be cleared by two independent sets of protection (primary and backup). Either may be circuit breakers or fuses. The primary and backup protection schemes shall be independent. All HV circuit breakers shall be equipped with dual trip coils. Where primary and backup protection is installed in the same substation, that substation shall have two battery systems. Some substations are exempt from this requirement. This exemption is based on risk exposure considering safety, operational impact, economic and environmental considerations. The thermal limit current of the CTs shall not constrain the rating of associated power system elements. Primary protection shall be implemented using unit schemes wherever practical. The protection schemes shall be designed to eliminate or manage blind spots.

4.2

Protection Settings
The protection shall be set to operate at not more than 2/3 of the minimum phase to phase fault and not more than 2/3 of the minimum earth fault. The overcurrent protection settings shall, as far as practicable, be at least 1.5 times the maximum load current. Fault clearing times shall be minimised.

4.3

Grading
The protection shall be graded to ensure that the fault is cleared by the protection closest to the fault, and the area of interruption is minimised. A 0.3 second grading margin shall be provided for protection in series except that breaker fail timers shall be 0.2 second. Relay settings shall be, as far as practicable, at least 1.5 times the highest downstream setting.

5
5.1

Specific Protection Equipment Requirements


Protection Equipment Switchgear Design Principles All New HV

To ensure the independence and integrity of protection schemes the following principles shall apply:

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Protection current transformers shall be connected to protection equipment only. Approved transducers used for interfacing with the SCADA are to be regarded as protection equipment. Appendix I lists approved transducers. Primary and backup protection schemes shall be implemented using separate relays. Where the primary and backup scheme trip the same HV circuit breaker, the following shall apply: The primary and backup schemes shall use separate trip coils, one trip coil for the primary scheme the second trip coil for the backup scheme. Refer to Appendix B for standard trip coil arrangements and Appendix N for typical HV switchboard arrangements. The backup scheme (protection relay, trip coil control and supply) shall have a separate auxiliary supply. Where two DC auxiliary supplies are required (see Section 5.5) the primary protection scheme is to be supplied by battery A and the backup protection scheme supplied by battery B. SCADA monitored trip circuit supply supervision with local indication shall be provided for all tripping circuits. The auxiliary supply for each bus-zone protection scheme (protection and multitrip relays) shall have its auxiliary supply from a dedicated circuit originating at the distribution board. Fuse protection and monitoring shall be provided with the monitoring relay connected to the SCADA system. Individual protection schemes to be connected to dedicated current transformers.

5.2
5.2.1

Interfacing New Protection Schemes With Existing Equipment


Multiple Use of Current Transformers
It is acceptable to have more than one protection scheme (maximum two schemes) connected to the same set of CTs as long as the following applies: It is not economically feasible to install additional CTs (eg. Circuit breaker would have to be replaced; additional post type CTs would be required.) The protection schemes are not the primary and backup protection for the same equipment. A failure of the CTs will not result in a piece of equipment having no protection due to an existing compromise in the protection system. The output of the current transformers shall be sufficient for the burden of all the connected protection schemes and associated equipment to ensure each scheme operates as required up to the available fault level.

5.2.2

Trip Circuit Supervision


Where a new protection scheme is interfacing with existing switchgear that does not have trip circuit supervision (TCS), TCS shall be implemented either as a function of the protection relay (if available) or installation of a dedicated TCS relay (refer Appendix A).

5.2.3

Breaker Fail
When new protection relays that have breaker fail functionality are installed in an existing substation, the breaker fail detection shall result in the energising of a multi trip relay. The multi-trip relay shall trip all the associated ACCBs on the busbar.

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5.2.4

Inter-trip
If the breaker fail function is associated with a feeder that does not have a dedicated ACCB, then it is acceptable to implement an inter-trip by destabilising the pilot wire schemes of feeders that are a possible source of fault current. When destabilising the pilot wire schemes this must be implemented at the pilot wire relay.

5.3
5.3.1

Current Transformers (CT)


General Requirements
All protection and metering CTs shall comply with AS 1675. The CT shall be easily replaceable and shall be installed with polarity markings assuming supply from the bus in all cases. All secondary leads shall be terminated in individual links in the appropriate compartment where the CT is installed and the earth point formed by using a proprietary cross connection for the links being used. The CTs shall be earthed at one point. This single point earth is to be within the applicable LV compartment. CTs shall be rigidly clamped to prevent movement under short circuit conditions. They shall be provided with rating plates and terminal markings as specified in AS 1675. The rating plates shall be mounted in such a manner that they are visible, and the secondary terminals shall be readily accessible. Duplicate rating plates shall be mounted in the instrument compartment with connection diagram. The majority of existing CTs installed in the RailCorps system have a rated secondary current of 5A. With the installation of GIS switchgear, the reduced space available for CTs has resulted in the necessity to install CTs with a rated secondary current of 1A. CTs shall safely withstand the mechanical and thermal stresses set up by a short circuit equal to the full short circuit rating of the switchgear. CTs shall have a minimum thermal limit current at least 1.5 times rated current unless modified by the RFT for the specific location. See Section 6.1.5 for CT location requirements for 33 & 66kV Feeders. See Section 6.2.5 for CT location requirements for 11kV Feeders. See Section 6.3.4 for CT location requirements for HV Busbars and Bus-Ties. See Section 6.5.7 for CT location requirements for System Transformers.

5.3.2

Additional Requirements for CTs with a Rated Secondary Current of 1 Amp.


If it is proposed to use CTs with a rated secondary current of 1A, then the following issues shall be complied with. Provision of a detailed design solution for the secondary wiring under system fault conditions. This design solution must address the voltage withstand ratings of all connected equipment as the secondary voltages developed are five times larger than if the CTs have the preferred value of 5A. A complete integrated system support analysis of using the non-standard protection equipment must be economically justified. See 5.10 Integrated Support System for details.

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5.3.3

Multiple Ratio Current Transformers


Where multiple ratio CTs are used, the links associated with changing the CT ratio shall be fit for purpose. The CT terminals shall be clearly marked to enable correct changing of the ratio. The associated rating plate shall also be marked with the information to enable correct changing of the ratio.

5.3.4

Protection Current Transformers


Protection CT shall be of a class entirely suitable for the connected equipment so as to give correct operation under all service and fault conditions. The following composite error shall apply: Differential schemes 2.5% Overcurrent & earth fault 10% The rated short-time is 3 seconds. The rated short time current shall have a minimum rating equal to the short time withstand current of the associated switchboard or circuit breaker. Appendix B has a table listing the typical ratio and designation of current transformers, which are preferred for use in the RailCorp electrical network.

5.3.5

Measurement Current Transformers


Measurement CTs shall be of a class entirely suitable for the application as specified in AS 1675. As a general guide the following are typical class of accuracy used in the RailCorp network: 0.5M for general tariff metering such as supplies to shops, workshops etc. 2M for general measurement such as transducers and ammeters. The measurement current transformers shall have the same ratio and thermal current limit as the associated protection CTs on the circuit.

5.3.6

Current Transformer Secondary Wiring


All CT secondary wiring shall be provided with test links at the marshalling strip within the respective low voltage compartment. The test links shall be Weidmuller SAKC10. The wiring shall be connected to the associated protection relay (or meter) via a test block that allows isolation of the relay / metering and short-circuiting of the current transformer secondary. If the relay test blocks are not integral with the relay enclosure, test blocks of the type Areva MMLG01 shall be provided. The test blocks shall be located adjacent to the respective protection relay. The current transformer secondary wiring shall be coloured as detailed below: A : red B : white C : blue Neutral : black

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The wiring shall be a minimum size of 2.5mm2 and have an insulation rating of 0.6/1 kV. Where 2.5mm2 wiring is used it shall have a stranding of 50/0.25mm. All wiring connections to CTs and to protection relays shall be made using double grip ring type pre-insulated crimp lugs. Wiring identification shall be in accordance with AS2067. Refer to EP 00 00 00 15 SP Common Requirements for Electrical Power Equipment, for details of cable identification requirements.

5.4
5.4.1

Voltage Transformers
General Requirements
Voltage transformers shall be provided for all three phases and can either be a 3 phase voltage transformer or 3 single phase voltage transformers. Voltage transformers shall be manufactured and tested in accordance with AS 1243. They shall have a rated primary voltage as specified by the switchgear and have two secondary windings with a voltage factor of 1.9 for 30 seconds as follows: PERFORMANCE CATEGORY A B (residual) RATED VOLTAGE 110 V 110/3 V ACCURACY CLASS 5P 3R RATED BURDEN 8 mS 8 mS

Table 1 - Voltage Transformer Specifications The neutral point of the star connected primary shall be earthed. The neutral point of the star connected secondary winding shall be brought out and connected to suitably insulated terminals located in the LV compartment and earthed. The voltage transformers shall be protected by suitably rated circuit breakers connected in the low voltage circuit as close as possible to the transformer terminals. High voltage fuse protection of VTs is not mandatory and is only required where necessitated by equipment design. The requirement for a residual winding is dependent on the type of protection relays to be used. For maintenance, and for the commissioning of protection relays, it shall be possible to simulate the voltage conditions that would occur during earth faults and the supplier shall explain how this is achieved. A typical way to achieve this is to remove the high-voltage fuse in any one phase and earth that phase of the voltage transformer.

5.4.2

Voltage Transformer Secondary Wiring


The voltage transformer secondary wiring shall be coloured as per the current transformer wiring with the exception of any open delta wiring, which shall be purple. Terminal blocks for VT secondary wiring shall provide 4mm sockets for the connection of test equipment.

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5.4.3

Voltage Transformer Alarms


A three phase, phase failure relay shall be connected to the star connected secondary winding of the voltage transformer. The phase failure relay shall provide a normally closed 'VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER FAIL' alarm contact as well as visual indication. The relay shall detect both under-voltage and negative phase sequence voltage unbalance on the load side of the main circuit breaker.

5.4.4

Voltage Transformer Supply to Protection Relays


The VT supply to protection relays shall be via a dedicated circuit breaker for each protection relay. The circuit breaker shall have a voltage free auxiliary contact which is connected to the SCADA system to give an FEEDER XXX DIRECTIONAL VOLTAGE FAIL' alarm.

5.5
5.5.1

Auxiliary Supply (DC)


General Requirements
The following are general requirements for the arrangement of auxiliary supplies to protection circuits and ACCB control. All ACCBs shall be individually supplied from the 125V DC or 48V DC distribution board(s). The majority of RailCorp locations have an auxiliary supply of 125V DC, other locations have a supply of 48V DC. In each ACCB, distinct control circuits and equipment shall be individually fused. The fuses shall be sized to ensure there is discrimination. The following is a list of typical ACCB circuits and equipment that would be individually protected by fuses. electronic protection relays trip coil circuits close control circuit motor/spring charge circuits alarm & indication circuits DC/DC power supplies (eg. ILIS power supply, transducer supplies)

5.5.2

Requirement for Two battery Systems


To ensure integrity of the RailCorp electrical network is maintained when an auxiliary supply fails, strategic substations are required to have two independent substation battery systems. The criteria determining this requirement are: Connectivity of the substation (4 or more high voltage feeders) within the RailCorp electrical network. Maximum high voltage fault level and the margin to the rated short-time withstand current capacity of the switchgear installed at the substation. Criticality of the substation within the rail system. (eg. Main supply substation for city circle, rail tunnel, rail junction, last traction substation on a radial rail line). Where primary and backup protection is installed in the same substation, that substation shall have two battery systems. Some substations are exempt from this requirement. This exemption is based on risk exposure considering safety, operational impact, economic and environmental considerations.

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Complexity of the protection schemes and any resulting compromises in the protection coordination. The associated main distribution boards of the battery systems are to be capable of being paralleled. Refer to Section 5.1 and Appendix C for specific requirements relating to protection schemes when there are two auxiliary supplies at a substation.

5.6

Protection Relays
All protection relays shall be flush mount and withdrawable. The auxiliary supply to the protection relays shall be 125V DC or 48V DC as determined by the existing substation battery or specified in the Substation design. Appendix A has a table listing the protection relays which are currently approved for use in the RailCorp electrical network. When specifying the type of protection relay to be used consideration must be given to ensure adequate integrated system support including availability of system spares. See 5.3.2 Additional Requirements for CTs with a Rated Secondary Current of 1 Amp. Alternatives to relays specified in Appendix A must be approved by the Chief Engineer, Electrical Systems.

5.7

Close Inhibit
Where a protection operation results in an MTM relay being energised, the MTM relay shall have normally closed contacts in the closing circuit of all the HV ACCBs that were tripped by the MTM. This is to prevent the ACCBs from being closed. This is applicable for all protection schemes. System transformers and 11kV/415V transformers shall have a close inhibit contact in both the primary and secondary ACCB closing circuits where fitted.

5.8

Protection Alarms
Every operation of a protection relay shall result in an individual alarm being sent to the SCADA system and provide a local indication. The alarm shall enable the Electrical System Operators to accurately identify the protection scheme that has operated. If a protection relay has more than one function (eg A and C overcurrent elements), then where practical each function shall have a separate alarm output. Refer to Appendix L for a detailed listing of SCADA alarms.

5.9
5.9.1

Inter-Trip Arrangements
Preferred Technology
Optical fibre pilots are preferred for inter-tripping. Refer to Appendix A for protection relays currently preferred for use in the RailCorp Electrical Network for type of inter-trip relay.

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5.9.2

Fibre Optic Pilots


Where fibre optic pilots are available, the inter-tripping may be achieved utilising pilot wire relays that have inter-tripping as a function of the relay.

5.9.3

Copper Pilots
Where inter-trip arrangements are required for a feeder, it is preferred the inter-trip scheme is implemented using a dedicated pair of pilots for the scheme. If there are no spare pilots in the existing pilot cable, the inter-trip may be achieved by manipulating the feeder pilot wire scheme. A minimum of 15kV isolation shall be provided to avoid transfer of voltages across the pilots. This may be achieved by using an inter-trip relay that provides isolation at either end of the scheme.

5.10

Integrated Support System


An Integrated Support System exists for protection equipment. This current system is based on 5 Amp CTs and protection relays nominated in Appendix A. An economically justified integrated support analysis is required for any proposal to use non preferred schemes, relays or CTs. The analysis shall include relevant requirements of EP 00 00 00 12 SP and take account of the following: Test and support equipment Relay programming software Staff training Spares analysis and procurement Maintenance requirements analysis Operation and maintenance manuals

6
6.1
6.1.1

Specific Equipment Applications


33kV & 66kV Feeders
Standard Protection Schemes
The following schemes shall be provided for the protection of 33kV and 66kV feeders: Primary Protection RailCorp network feeder Pilot wire Bulk Supply Feeder Directional over-current and earth fault (looking towards supply point) and Pilot wire or Distance protection (zone 1, last 20% Zone 2) at the supply end In accordance with the other Network Operators policy

Backup Protection

over-current and earth fault (may be directional if required by system configuration to achieve discrimination) and circuit breaker fail

Table 2 - 33kV & 66kV Feeder Protection Schemes

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6.1.2

Primary Protection
If the pilot circuit is not run via a dedicated pilot cable, an instantaneous over-current and earth fault check relay shall be provided in series with the trip from the pilot wire relay to prevent nuisance tripping of the feeder. All pilot wire schemes shall include pilot circuit supervision. This may be implemented either as a function of the pilot wire relay or using dedicated pilot circuit supervision equipment.

6.1.3

Backup protection
The unit protection on the feeder shall be backed up by an over-current and earth fault scheme. This scheme shall operate via a circuit breaker and current transformers that are not part of the primary scheme.

6.1.4

Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme


The failure of a circuit breaker to open in response to a protection trip command shall be detected and the appropriate upstream circuit breaker(s) tripped. A time delay shall be provided to avoid nuisance tripping. It is preferred that the feeder pilot wire relay provides this function. Where the pilot wire relay does not have this function an overcurrent and earth fault relay (with directional capabilities) shall be provided to implement the breaker fail scheme. A contact from the pilot wire relay shall be connected to the overcurrent and earth fault relay, which will initiate an internal timer (nominally set to 0.2s). If the fault has not been cleared within this time all possible sources of supply shall their ACCBs tripped. All ACCBs on the same busbar section as the failed ACCB shall be tripped via a multi-trip relay. Where the operation of a breaker fail scheme shall cause a Supply Point feeder to be not available, the associated protection relay(s) shall attempt to trip the ACCB via all available trip coils. The trip coils shall be connected to separate output contact/relays of the protection relay.

6.1.5

Location of Current Transformers


It is preferred that the CTs are located on the busbar side of the feeder circuit breakers. However where this is not practicable, the current transformers for feeder protection may be located on the line side of the feeder circuit breaker. In this arrangement an inter-trip shall be provided to trip the feeder circuit breaker at the far end of the feeder whenever the local feeder circuit breaker is tripped. The far end circuit breaker is only required to trip if fault current is flowing through that circuit breaker. Refer to Section 5.9 Inter-Trip Arrangements for further details on inter-tripping. See Appendix J for typical Pilot Wire arrangements.

6.1.6

Metering Requirements
Every feeder shall be provided with an ammeter and all bulk supply feeders shall be provided with kWh metering. Details of the ammeter, metering and their connection are specified in the appropriate switchgear standard.

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The requirements for 33kV indoor switchgear are detailed in EP 01 00 00 01 SP 33kV AC Indoor Switchgear Non-Withdrawable.

6.2
6.2.1

11kV feeders
Standard Protection Schemes
The 11kV network supplies a large variety of installations with varying degrees of operational criticality. These installations range from underground stations, major signal boxes to minor maintenance locations supplied from pole mounted transformers. The criticality of the installation, accessibility of the 11kV feeder and the fault level determines the type of protection to be provided.

6.2.2

Primary Protection
The following list details the requirement for the primary protection to be a pilot wire scheme. 11kV feeders supplying underground railway stations. 11kV feeders supplying major signal boxes 11kV feeders installed in tunnels 11kV feeders supplying installations deemed to be operationally critical 11kV feeders where it is time critical to clear the fault due to high fault levels or bushfire hazards.

All pilot wire schemes shall include pilot circuit supervision. This can be implemented either as a function of the pilot wire relay or using dedicated pilot circuit supervision equipment. Where the primary protection scheme is not required to be a pilot wire scheme, the feeder shall be protected with an over-current and earth fault scheme.

6.2.3

Backup protection
The primary protection on the feeder shall be backed up by an over-current and earth fault scheme. Where the primary protection is a pilot wire scheme, the backup over-current and earth fault scheme can be located on the same circuit breaker panel, however the scheme must operate via a separate protection relay and ACCB trip coil. Where the primary protection is not a pilot wire scheme, the backup over-current and earth fault scheme shall operate via a circuit breaker and current transformers that are not part of the primary scheme. Where the primary protection is an overcurrent and earth fault scheme and is located on a 11kV switchboard supplied directly from a transformer, a neutral leakage relay shall be used as backup protection for earth faults. The transformer primary overcurrent protection may be used to backup feeder overcurrent protection. This is subject to the transformer overcurrent settings being suitable.

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6.2.4

Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme


The failure of a circuit breaker to open in response to a protection trip command shall be detected and all ACCBs on the same busbar section as the failed ACCB shall be tripped via a multi-trip relay. The multi-trip relay used to implement this may be the bus-zone multi-trip relay. If the feeders are protected by a pilot wire scheme then the appropriate upstream circuit breaker(s) shall be tripped. A time delay (0.2s) shall be provided to avoid nuisance tripping. It is preferred that the protection relays provide this function.

6.2.5

Location of Current Transformers


It is preferred that the CTs are located on the busbar side of the feeder circuit breakers. However where this is not practicable, the current transformers for feeder protection can be located on the line side of the feeder circuit breaker. This is subject to RailCorp approval.

6.2.6

Metering Requirements
Every feeder shall be provided with an ammeter and all feeders that are a dedicated supply to commercial premises (eg, train maintenance centres) shall be provided with kWh metering. Details of the ammeter, metering and their connection are specified in the appropriate switchgear standard.

6.3
6.3.1

High Voltage Busbars & Bus-Tie Cables


Primary Protection for Busbars
All 33kV and 66kV indoor switchgear shall have bus zone protection as the primary protection for the busbar. The requirement for 11kV indoor switchgear to have bus zone protection depends whether the location is a: strategic location location with high fault levels location where there is more than one busbar section The traditional high impedance bus-zone protection scheme using CTs is an approved RailCorp scheme. A fault detection scheme that has been type tested and is an integral system within the switchgear may be offered for consideration by RailCorp and if approved will be the preferred scheme. Strategically important outdoor 33kV and 66kV busbars shall also have high impedance bus zone protection as the primary protection. The criteria for this decision will be provided in a later version of this document. Separate schemes shall be provided for each section of the busbar. All ACCBs on the associated bus-section shall be tripped. Close inhibit shall also be implemented, refer to Section 5.7

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The tripping of circuit breakers on an indoor switchboard shall be via a MTM relay. The tripping of circuit breakers on an outdoor busbar shall be via an MTA relay.

6.3.2

Primary Protection for Bus-tie Cables


All bus-tie cables interconnecting 11kV, 33kV and 66kV indoor switchboards shall have high impedance bus zone protection as the primary protection. The scheme shall be arranged to trip the circuit breakers at both ends of the tie cable via a manually reset multi-trip relay. Close inhibit shall also be implemented, refer to Section 5.7

6.3.3

Backup Protection
The backup protection for a busbar shall be upstream over-current and earth fault protection. The backup protection for a bus-tie shall be upstream over-current and earth fault protection except where the switchboard directly interfaces with a Supply Authority. Where the switchboard interfaces with a Supply Authority the bus-tie cables shall have a duplicate high impedance protection scheme as the backup protection. Refer to Appendix A for the type of relay to be used.

6.3.4

Location of Current Transformers


The current transformers for protection of the busbar shall be located on the line side of all circuit breakers. The current transformers for protection of the bus-tie cables shall be located on the busbar side of the tie circuit breaker. Where the current transformers for the feeder, bus-tie, or transformer circuits are not located on the busbar side of the circuit breaker and the bus zone scheme is used to cover the blind spots between the circuit breakers and the CTs, then the bus-zone scheme shall also initiate tripping of the circuit breakers at the far end of the feeder or tie cable, or on the other winding of the transformer.

6.4
6.4.1

Rectifier Transformer and Power Cubicle


Primary Protection
The primary protection for the rectifier transformer and power cubicle shall be provided by an A and C instantaneous overcurrent and instantaneous earth fault relay. If the transformer is cable connected (terminals/bushings are not exposed), the circuit breaker shall be tripped via a MTM relay for earth faults. The overcurrent elements are required to operate when a fault on the +1500V DC busbar (when there is a 400V arc) is detected. A current transducer shall be provided in the B protection circuit. The transducer output shall be connected to the panel ammeter and analogue input to SCADA. See EP 03 02 00 01 SP Controls and Protection for Rectification Equipment, for further detailed information on these requirements.

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6.4.2

Backup Protection
The backup protection scheme for the rectifier transformer and power cubicle shall be provided by a separate protection scheme, which is located in the same substation. The protection relay shall be an A, B and C instantaneous overcurrent and instantaneous earth fault relay. If the transformer is cable connected, the circuit breaker shall be tripped via a MTM relay for earth faults.

6.4.3

Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme


The failure of the circuit breaker to open in response to a protection trip command shall be detected and the associated bus-zone MTM relay shall be energised. A time delay of 0.2 seconds shall be provided to avoid nuisance tripping. It is preferred that the protection relays provide this function

6.4.4

Protection Interface Requirements


Refer to EP 03 02 00 01 SP Controls and Protection for Rectification Equipment, for further detailed information on the protection interface requirements.

6.5
6.5.1

System Transformers
Standard Protection Schemes
All 33kV and 66kV transformers 750MVA or greater in size shall have transformer differential as the primary protection and overcurrent and earth leakage as the backup protection. Oil filled transformers shall be fitted with a buchholz oil & gas relay.

6.5.2

Primary Protection
The transformer differential scheme shall be arranged to trip both the primary and secondary circuit breakers. The tripping of the circuit breakers shall be via a multi-trip relay. If the transformer is cable connected (terminals/bushings not exposed) the multi-trip relay shall be a manually reset relay.

6.5.3

Backup Protection
Overcurrent and earth fault shall be provided as the backup transformer protection. The tripping of the circuit breakers shall be via a multi-trip relay. If the transformer is cable connected (terminals/bushings not exposed) the multi-trip relay shall be a manually reset relay for earth faults and an automatically reset relay for overcurrent faults. Three phase over current protection shall be provided on the high or low voltage side of the transformer as backup protection to the outgoing feeder overcurrent protection.

6.5.4

Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme


The failure of a circuit breaker to open in response to a backup protection trip command shall be detected and the associated bus-zone MTM relay energised. A time delay of 0.2 seconds shall be provided to avoid nuisance tripping.

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The three phase overcurrent protection relay on the same side of the transformer as the scheme being backed up shall provide this function.

6.5.5

Neutral Leakage
Neutral leakage shall be provided as backup protection to feeder earth fault. The scheme shall trip both the primary and secondary circuit breaker of the transformer via an MTA relay.

6.5.6

Buchholz Relay
A buchholz relay shall be provided in the oil line between the conservator and the main tank. Operation of either the oil or gas element of the buchholz relay shall trip both the primary and secondary circuit breakers via a manually reset multi-trip relay. Each element of the buchholz relay shall have voltage free alarm contacts, which are connected to the SCADA system.

6.5.7

Location of Current Transformers


It is preferred that the current transformers for the differential protection are located on the busbar side of both the primary and secondary circuit breakers. Where this is not practicable, it is acceptable that the current transformers for transformer protection be located on the transformer side of the transformer circuit breaker. The current transformer for the neutral leakage protection shall be located on the neutral to earth connection of the transformer.

6.6
6.6.1

11kV/415V Transformers
Transformers Supplied from Ring Main Units
All 11kV distribution transformers (200kVA and above up to 800kVA), that are supplied via an ACCB from a RMU shall be protected by a Merlin Gerin VIP300LL protection relay. An MMLG01 test block shall be fitted adjacent to the relay. Transformers less then 200kVA shall be protected by fuses. The VIP300LL relay can not be used for transformers less then 200kVA as there may be insufficient magnetising current to meet the self powering requirements of the relay.

6.6.2 6.6.3

Transformers Supplied from SCADA Controlled ACCBs Standard Protection Schemes


All 11kV transformers 750kVA or greater in size shall have transformer differential as the primary protection and overcurrent and earth leakage as the backup protection. Oil filled transformers shall be fitted with a buchholz oil & gas relay. For transformers < 750kVA primary protection shall be overcurrent and earth leakage. Transformer differential schemes may be used on smaller transformers where required to ensure that the transformer protection grades over the LV protection.

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6.6.4

Primary Protection
The transformer differential scheme shall be arranged to trip both the primary and secondary circuit breakers. The tripping of the circuit breakers shall be via a multi-trip relay. If the transformer is cable connected (terminals/bushings not exposed) the multi-trip relay shall be a MTM relay.

6.6.5

Backup Protection
Overcurrent and earth fault shall be provided as the backup transformer protection. The backup protection scheme is not required to detect faults on the LV winding of a distribution transformer or the LV cables. The tripping of the circuit breakers shall be via a multi-trip relay. If the transformer is cable connected (terminals/bushings not exposed) the multi-trip relay shall be a MTM relay for earth faults and an MTA relay for overcurrent faults.

6.6.6

Circuit Breaker Fail Scheme


The failure of a circuit breaker to open in response to a backup protection trip command shall be detected and the associated bus-zone MTM relay energised. A time delay of 0.2 seconds shall be provided to avoid nuisance tripping. It is preferred that the protection relays provide this function.

6.7

Documentation Requirements
There are three distinct stages for the submission of documentation related to the protection design and implementation for RailCorp to review. a) b) c) The first stage is the concept design documentation. The second stage is the submission of the detailed design documentation. The third stage is the submission of all testing, commissioning and as-built documentation.

6.7.1

Concept Design Documentation


The following documentation is to be submitted to RailCorp prior to the procurement of any equipment that is required to meet comply with this standard: Approved operating diagrams Fault levels Protection concept design. This document shall include: Diagrams detailing the functionality of the protection schemes Text document outlining in detail the protection schemes. This document shall include such details as: functional description of protection schemes, current transformer details, protection relay types, trip coil, SCADA alarms, analogue details, auxiliary battery details. Calculations (eg. CT knee-point voltage, VT burdens, fault levels) High voltage equipment specifications

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6.7.2

Detail Design Documentation


The following documentation is required to be submitted to RailCorp prior to the approval of equipment manufacture. Schematic diagrams Equipment arrangement / layout drawings Equipment label schedule

6.7.3

Commissioning Documentation
The following commissioning documentation is required to be submitted to RailCorp prior to the energisation of equipment. Equipment FAT test results Primary injection test results Secondary injection test results Protection relay/scheme functionality checklists Protection relay software setting files Protection grading studies Protection instructions Equipment operating and maintenance manuals As-built documentation (drawings, schedules etc) Related test documentation to ensure the safe operation of the equipment (eg. earthing test results)

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Appendix A Protection Relays


Approved Protection Relays
The following tables detail the requirements for protection relays when new switchboards are installed in the RailCorp electrical Network. The tables detail the protection relays which are currently preferred for use in the RailCorp electrical network and when installing a new switchboard in an existing system whether the existing pilot wire relays are required to be replaced. SCHEME EQUIPMENT Supply point feeder RELAY TYPE MHOB04, MiCOM P521/P540, SIEMENS 7SD610 (mandatory if fibre optic available) MBCI02* or MiCOM P521/P541 (mandatory if fibre optic available) KCEG142, MiCOM P127 MCAG33 or MiCOM P124 KCEG142 or MiCOM P127 MCAG39 or MiCOM P122 MiCOM P127 VIP35

Pilot Wire RailCorp feeder

OC, EF, DOC, DEF

Bus-zone Transformer differential Neutral leakage MTA MTM Intertrip TCS Bus Supply

Feeder Rectifier - primary Rectifier - backup Current check System Transformer 11kV Distribution Transformer (refer Section 6.6) Busbar Bus-tie cable SystemTransformer (2 winding) Transformer

48V DC supply 125V DC supply

MCAG34 MCAG34, P127 (when duplicate protection required) KBCH120, MiCOM P632 KCEG142 or MiCOM P127 MVAJ11 (with flag) MVAJ13 (hand reset with flag) GCM05 (15kV isolation) RMS 1TM10 RMS 1X10CAA RMS 1X10EAA

Table 3 - Protection Relays The MBCI02 pilot wire relay is a specific model for use on the RailCorp system. The relay has been modified to produce a lower voltage suitable for the insulation level of communication pilots and is Austel approved.

Location of Protection Relays


The physical location of protection relays will depend on the type of switchgear installed. In general the protection relays and associated test blocks for specific equipment shall be located together on the same panel. This is usually on the low voltage compartment of the switchgear panels themselves (indoor switchgear) or on dedicated protection panels (for outdoor ACCBs or indoor switchgear that does not have the physical space for installing the relays).

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The particular requirements for specific relays and equipment are detailed below: Transformer protection - MTA and MTM relays located on the primary protection panel. 33/11kV transformer neutral leakage relay shall be located on the 11kV switchgear panel. Bus-zone protection relay and associated MTM relay located on the appropriate end panel. Bus cable tie protection relay and associated MTM relay located on either of the associated bus tie ACCB panels. Pilot wire isolation transformers shall be located as close as possible to the termination enclosure of the pilot cable.

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Appendix B ACCB Connection

Trip

Coils

Standard

Equipment

The following table details the ACCB trip coils and associated relays that are connected to each trip coil. This table is based on typical protection schemes used in RailCorp. Protection designs for specific locations must be verified by RailCorp. Refer to 6.1.1 for additional requirements relating to breaker fail schemes and Supply Points. EQUIPMENT Feeder Protection PROTECTION SCHEME Pilot wire Overcurrent & Earth Fault Inter-trip Busbar protection trips via MTM Cable Bus-tie protection trips via MTM Differential trips via MTM or MTA Overcurrent trips via MTA Neutral Leakage trips via MTA Differential trips via MTM or MTA Overcurrent trips via MTA Instantaneous Overcurrent Earth Fault Instantaneous Overcurrent Earth Fault MTM Table 4 - Trip Coils Notes: a) The operation of the bus-zone protection energises an MTM relay, which trips all ACCBs on the section of the busbar. The trip coil number applies to all ACCBs that are tripped. If the differential protection operates via an MTM then the overcurrent protection shall trip via trip coil 2. Refer to 6.4 for requirements of when earth faults are required to energise MTM. When there is duplicate protection on the bus-tie cable the duplicate scheme shall trip the ACCBs via trip coil 2 (via an MTM). If there is no differential protection, then the overcurrent protection shall trip via trip coil 1. TRIP COIL NUMBER 1 2 1 2 1 1 1,2 2 1 1,2 1 1 via MTM 2 2 & 1 via MTM 1 3 2, 5 3 2 NOTES

Bus-zone & BusTie

1 4

System Transformers

11kV/415V Transformers Rectifier Transformers (primary protn) Rectifier Transformers (backup protn) Rectifier Transformer

b) c) d) e)

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Appendix C Two Battery Systems (125V DC) - Standard Protection Equipment Connection
The following table details the battery system that the ACCB trip coils and protection relays should be connected to. This table is based on typical protection schemes used by RailCorp. When there are two battery systems the equipment should be connected across the two battery systems to obtain balanced loads as close as possible. Protection designs for specific locations must be verified by RailCorp. Refer to 5.5.2 for details of the requirement for two battery systems. PRIMARY PROTECTION ONLY ONE TRIP COIL TWO BATTERY SYSTEMS Protection relay supply from one battery Trip coil supply from same battery as relay supply Protection relay supply from one battery Trip coil 1 supply from battery 1 Trip coil 2 supply from battery 2 PRIMARY & BACKUP PROTECTION LOCATED IN SAME SUBSTATION Primary protection relay supply from battery 1 Backup protection relay supply from battery 2 Trip coil supply from battery 1 Primary protection relay supply from battery 1 Backup protection relay supply from battery 2 Trip coil 1 supply from battery 1 Trip coil 2 supply from battery 2

TWO TRIP COILS

Table 5 - Two Battery Systems Connection of Equipment Notes: a) b) When there is only one battery system, the two trip coils must be supplied from separate submains originating from the 125V DC distribution board. Refer to Appendix N for typical arrangement of auxiliary supplies to HV switchboards. This diagram illustrates the principle; however detailed design is required to ensure security of the protection scheme.

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Appendix D Interfacing With Existing Pilot Wire Schemes


The following table details whether the existing pilot wire scheme needs to be upgraded when a new switchboard is to be installed, and is interfacing with an existing pilot wire protection scheme. SCHEME Pilot wire EXISTING EQUIPMENT HO2 HO4 HMB4 MHOB04 MBCI02 MiCOM P521/P541 SCHEME TO BE REPLACED YES NO NO NO NO NO NOTES

2 1,2 1 1

Table 6 - Interfacing With Existing Pilot Wire Schemes Notes: a) If there are fibre optic pilots available between substations or fibre is to be installed, then pilot wire relays that use fibre optic for their communication (MiCOM P521/P541) shall be used. If system spares are to be used to create/interface with an H04 or HMB4 scheme then the RailCorp Protection Engineer shall be consulted to ensure there are adequate spares available. If the number of spares available is at the minimum required number, then the pilot wire scheme shall be replaced.

b)

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Appendix E Current Transformers (33kV & 66kV)


The following tables detail the ratio and designation of current transformers, which are to be used in the RailCorp electrical network for typical schemes on the 66kV & 33kV high voltage system. The current transformer designation details are calculated based on the following parameters: Maximum CT secondary lead (loop) length of 20m with 2.5mm2 size cable for indoor equipment and a lead (loop) length of 150m with 16mm2 size cable for outdoor equipment. CT core knee point flux density of 1.45T System X/R = 5 MICOM P521 relay, refer to general equations for X/R<40 and tIdiff = 0.1s. MBCI relay, refer to general equations, X=1, large X/R, Kt = 20. Overcurrent and earth fault relays, Vk = In*If*(Rrelay+Rct+Rleads), with relay burdens as specified by the manufacturer. Where the equipment to be protected is not in the following tables or the standard parameters above are not applicable then the protection CT requirements must be determined on an individual basis. Typical examples of these scenarios are: Lead lengths > 20m. System transformers with a size or voltage not specified below. Transformers with a different configuration. Feeders with a higher capacity than 500A.

Rectifier Instantaneous Overcurrent & Earth Fault


EQUIPMENT VOLTAGE/ CT RATIO SIZE 5.3, 4.28 & 300/200/5 2.5MVA RELAY TYPE MCAG33 Rectifier Tx 33kV MiCOM P127 MCAG33 Rectifier Tx 66kV 5.3, 4.28, 2.5MVA 150/100/5 MiCOM P127 CT DESIGNATION 10 P100F20 (specified on 200 tap) 10 P50F20 (specified on 200 tap) 10 P100F20 (specified on 100 tap) 10 P50F20 (specified on 100 tap)

Table 7 - Rectifier Protection Relays & CTs

Overcurrent and Earth Fault


CTs for use on overcurrent and earth leakage on feeders have been sized on a fault level of 31.5kA at 33kV and 15.75kA at 66kV. EQUIPMENT 66kV Feeder VOLTAGE/ SIZE SCHEME OC & EF CT RATIO 250/5 RELAY TYPE KCEG142 MiCOM P127 CT DESIGNATION 10P150 10P150

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KCEG142 33kV Feeder OC & EF 500/400 /300/5 MiCOM P127 33/11KV Tx (5MVA ) 33KV OC & EF 150/5 MiCOM P127

10P300 (specified on 300 tap) 10P300 (specified on 300 tap) 10P50F20

Table 8 - Overcurrent and Earth Fault Protection Relays & CTs

Pilot Wire Schemes


CTs for use on pilot wire schemes have been sized on a fault level of 31.5kA at 33kV and 15.75kA at 66kV EQUIPMENT CT RATIO 250/5 66kV Feeder 250/1 RELAY TYPE MBCI02 or MiCOM P521/P541 MBCI02 or MiCOM P521/P541 MBCI02 or MiCOM P521/P541 MBCI02 or MiCOM P521/P541 CT DESIGNATION 0.3PL115R0.3

0.05PL50R0.8

500/400/300/5 33kV Feeder 500/400/300/1

0.3 PL200R0.3 (specified on 300 tap) 0.05 PL80R0.8 (specified on 300 tap)

Table 9 - Pilot Wire Protection Relays & CTs

Bus-Zone Schemes & Transformer Differential


The overall design of a bus-zone scheme is critical to ensure stability for through faults. The requirement for stabilising resistors to ensure stability and for metrosils to limit CT output voltage shall be determined for each individual scheme. Please refer to the AREVA MCAG34 application brochure for methods of calculation and requirements. CTs for use on bus-zone schemes have been sized on a fault level of 31.5kA. EQUIPMENT 33kV Buszone 33/11kV Tx 5MVA, Dyn1 (differential) RELAY TYPE MCAG34 KBCH120 (two winding), MiCOM P632 CT RATIO 1250/5 33kV 150/5 CT DESIGNATION 0.1 PL200R0.4 2.5P50F20

Table 10 - Bus-Zone & Transformer Differential Protection Relays & CTs Notes: a) The P632 relay should be ordered with an extra I/O module. This is required to allow for the transformer and tapchanger alarms.

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Appendix F Current Transformers for 11kV Switchgear


The following current transformer details are typical values only. The CT specification shall be determined for specific individual applications and is subject to RailCorp approval. EQUIPMENT 11kV Feeder 11kV Feeder SCHEME Pilot Wire OC & EF Differential 33/11kV Tx (6.25 MVA ) OC & EF Neutral leakage 11KV/415V Tx (1MVA ) Busbar Bus-tie Cables Differential Buszone Buszone CT RATIO 300/1 300/150/1 450/0.577 450/1 150/1 100/1 600/1 600/1 RELAY TYPE MiCOM P521 MiCOM P127 MiCOM P632 MiCOM P127 MiCOM P127 MiCOM P632 MCAG34 MCAG34 CT DESIGNATION 0.05PL50R1.0 10P50F20 0.02PL100R3.0 10P50F20 10P50F20 0.15L50R0.3 0.03PL120R2.0 0.03PL120R2.0 1 2 2 1 Notes

Notes: a) b) The rated primary current value will depend on the size of the transformer. The rated primary current value will depend on the rating of the busbar.

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Appendix G Protection Relay Identification


Device numbers and functions shall generally be in accordance with IEEE C.37.2. The detailed implementation shall be as set out below. Relay Identifier 50A 50C 50/L 50/T 50/T1 51A 51C 63 64 67 67/L 87/B 87/BT 87/L 87/T MTA MTM SRR TBK1, 2 TCS Description Instantaneous Overcurrent Relay (A phase) Instantaneous Overcurrent Relay (C phase) Instantaneous Overcurrent Relay (A,C & E; feeder) Instantaneous Overcurrent Relay (A,C & E; transformer) Instantaneous Overcurrent Relay Backup (A,C & E; transformer) Inverse Time Overcurrent Relay (A phase) Inverse Time Overcurrent Relay (C phase) Buchholz Relay Instantaneous Earth Fault Relay Directional Overcurrent Relay Directional Overcurrent Relay (feeder) Differential Protective Relay (busbar high impedance) Differential Protective Relay (bus-tie cable high impedance) Differential Protective Relay (feeder - pilot wire scheme) Differential Protective Relay (transformer) Multi Trip Automatic Reset Relay Multi Trip Manual Reset Relay Send Receive Relay Test Block Trip Circuit Supervisory Relay Table 11 - Protection Relay Identification

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Appendix H Standard Test Block Wiring & Input/Output Relay Configuration


The following test block, protection relay input and output configurations are based on the majority of existing configurations in the RailCorp network. The configurations do not determine the requirement for a particular protection function, but detail the test block connections and output or input relay if that function is to be implemented. It is not general practice to connect alarms via the test block or connect spare output relays to the test block. The test block shall be located adjacent to the protection relay it is associated with. It is important that new installations comply with these diagrams as they affect the programming of electronic relays, the testing procedures for periodic maintenance and the production of standard designs. Any deviations from the standard configuration must be approved by the Protection Engineer. PILOT WIRE PROTECTION: MBCI+MCRI Check Relays Relay MMLG01 Incoming Supplies

MBCI RELAY 1-1 contact MBCI RELAY 1-1 contact MCRI check contact MCRI check contact Pilot 1 MBCI (17) Pilot 2 MBCI (18) MBCI&MCRI Aux MBCI&MCRI Aux

Ia (MBCI&MCRI) Ib (MBCI&MCRI) Ic (MBCI&MCRI) Io (MBCI&MCRI)

2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x

1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27

Trip +ve Pilot Wire Trip MBCI inhibit(11) Pilot 1 Pilot 2 + 125V dc Aux - 125V dc Aux

Ia Ib Ic Io

MBCI RELAY OUTPUT RELAYS RELAY 1-1 RELAY 1-2 RELAY 2-1 REALY 2-2 PILOT WIRE TRIP PILOT WIRE TRIP ALARM INTERTRIP SEND SPARE

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MBOH04 RELAY Relay MMLG01 MBOH04 contact (1) MBOH04 contact (2) 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 Trip +ve Pilot Wire Trip Spare Spare Pilot 1 Pilot 2 Spare Spare Incoming Supplies

Pilot 1 MBOH04 Pilot 2 MBOH04

Ia (MBCI&MCRI) Ib (MBCI&MCRI) Ic (MBCI&MCRI) Io (MBCI&MCRI)

Ia Ib Ic Io

P521 RELAY Relay MMLG01 RELAY 1 contact RELAY 1 contact 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 Trip +ve Pilot Wire Trip Spare Spare Spare Spare + 125V dc Aux Supply - 125V dc Aux Supply Trip +ve Breaker FailTrip Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

TERMINAL 33 TERMINAL 34 RELAY 8 contact RELAY 8 contact Ia Ib Ic Io

OUTPUT RELAYS: RELAY 1 RELAY 2 RELAY 3 RELAY 4 RELAY 5 RELAY 6 RELAY 7 RELAY 8 PILOT WIRE TRIP TCS ALARM PILOT WIRE TRIP ALARM COMMS FAIL ALARM SPARE BREAKER FAIL ALARM SPARE BREAKER FAIL TRIP

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INPUT RELAYS: L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 INTERIPT INITIATE TCS INPUT SPARE SPARE SPARE SIEMENS 7SD610 RELAY Relay MMLG01 RELAY BO4 contact RELAY BO4 contact 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 Trip +ve Pilot Wire Trip Spare Spare Trip +ve Intertrip Trip + 125V dc Aux Supply - 125V dc Aux Supply Trip +ve Breaker FailTrip Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

RELAY BO5 contact RELAY BO5 contact TERMINAL F1 TERMINAL F2 RELAY BO3 contact RELAY BO3 contact Ia Ib Ic Io

OUTPUT RELAYS: BO1 BO2 BO3 BO4 BO5 EA ACCB STATUS COMMS FAIL ALARM BREAKER FAIL ALARM PILOT WIRE TRIP INTERTRIP RECEIVE

Note: Output replays BO1, BO2 and BO3 are not voltage free contacts. The +125V DC for the breaker fail trip is also connected to B01& B02 contacts by internal relay wiring.

RECTIFIER OC & EF PROTECTION P127 RELAY Relay MMLG01 RELAY 1 contact RELAY 1 contact RELAY 3 contact RELAY 3 contact 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 Trip +ve Overcurrent Trip Trip +ve Earth Fault Trip Spare Spare + 125V dc Aux Supply - 125V dc Aux Supply Incoming Supplies

TERMINAL 33 TERMINAL 34

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RELAY 8 contact RELAY 8 contact Ia Ib Ic Io

18 20 22 24 26 28

x x x x x x

17 19 21 23 25 27

Trip +ve Breaker FailTrip Ia Ib Ic Io

OUTPUT RELAYS: RELAY 1 OVERCURRENT & EARTH FAULT TRIP RELAY 2 TCS ALARM RELAY 3 EARTH FAULT TRIP RELAY 4 OVERCURRENT ALARM RELAY 5 EARTH FAULT ALARM RELAY 6 BREAKER FAIL ALARM RELAY 7 SPARE RELAY 8 BREAKER FAIL TRIP INPUT RELAYS: INPUT L1 INPUT L2 INPUT L3 INPUT L4 INPUT L5 INPUT L6 INPUT L7

SPARE SPARE SPARE TCS TIMER INITIATE SPARE SPARE

RECTIFIER OC & EF PROTECTION Relay MMLG01 MCAG trip contact MCAG trip contact Spare trip contact Spare trip contact Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Ia Ib Ic Io 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 MVAJ13 Trip +ve MVAJ13 Trip Spare trip contact Spare trip contact Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

RELAY CONTACTS: A contacts: E/F contacts: terminals 1 & 3 : trip 2 & 4 SCADA alarm terminals 5 & 7 : trip 6 & 8 SCADA alarm

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C contacts: Notes: 1.

terminals 9 & 11 : trip 10 & 12 SCADA alarm

A & C phase trip contacts are connected in parallel at the relay terminals.

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33/11kV TRANSFORMER OC & EF PROTECTON P127 RELAY Relay MMLG01 RELAY 7 contact RELAY 7 contact RELAY 3 contact RELAY 3 contact 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 Trip +ve Overcurrent Trip Trip +ve Earth Fault Trip Spare Spare + 125V dc Aux Supply + 125V dc Aux Supply Trip +ve Breaker Fail Trip Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

TERMINAL 33 TERMINAL 34 RELAY 8 contact RELAY 8 contact Ia Ib Ic Io

OUTPUT RELAYS: RELAY 1 RELAY 2 RELAY 3 RELAY 4 RELAY 5 RELAY 6 RELAY 7 RELAY 8 INPUT RELAYS: INPUT L1 INPUT L2 INPUT L3 INPUT L4 INPUT L5 INPUT L6 INPUT L7 SPARE SPARE SPARE TCS SPARE SPARE SPARE NOT AVAILABLE * TCS ALARM EARTH FAULT TRIP OVERCURRENT ALARM EARTH FAULT ALARM BREAKER FAIL ALARM OVERCURRENT TRIP BREAKER FAIL TRIP

* THE BREAKER FAIL FUNCTION OF THE RELAY IS INITIATED INTERNALLY BY RELAY 1. HENCE RELAY 1 IS PROGRAMMED TO BE ENERGISED FOR EITHER AN OVERCURRENT OR EARTH FAULT TRIP. HOWEVER, IT IS NOT CONNECTED EXTERNALLY AS AN OVERCURRENT TRIP IS REQUIRED TO ENERGISE AN MTA RELAY AND THE EARTH FAULT TRIP IS REQUIRED TO ENERGISE AN MTM RELAY.

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11kV DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER OC & EF PROTECTION VIP300LL RELAY Relay MMLG01 TERMINAL 15 TERMINAL 16 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 Trip -ve Trip +ve Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Ic Incoming Supplies

TERMINAL 12 TERMINAL 8 TERMINAL 11 TERMINAL 6 TERMINAL 10 TERMINAL 4

11kV DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER OC & EF PROTECTION VIP300LL RELAY Relay (x4 range 50-200A) MMLG01 TERMINAL 15 TERMINAL 16 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 Trip -ve Trip +ve Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Ia Ia Ib Ib Ic Lc Incoming Supplies

TERMINAL 12 TERMINAL 7 TERMINAL 11 TERMINAL 5 TERMINAL 10 TERMINAL 3

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FEEDER DOC & DEF PROTECTION P127 RELAY Relay MMLG01 RELAY 1 contact RELAY 1 contact Va Vb Vc Vn TERMINAL 33 TERMINAL 34 RELAY 8 contact RELAY 8 contact Ia Ib Ic Io 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 Trip +ve Trip Va Vb Vc Vn + 125V dc Aux Supply - 125V dc Aux Supply Trip +ve Breaker Fail Trip Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

OUTPUT RELAYS: RELAY 1 RELAY 2 RELAY 3 RELAY 4 RELAY 5 RELAY 6 RELAY 7 RELAY 8 INPUT RELAYS: INPUT L1 INPUT L2 INPUT L3 INPUT L4 INPUT L5 INPUT L6 INPUT L7 SPARE SPARE SPARE TCS SPARE SPARE SPARE OVERCURRENT & EARTH FAULT TRIP TCS ALARM SPARE OVERCURRENT ALARM EARTH FAULT ALARM BREAKER FAIL ALARM INTERTRIP SEND (IF REQUIRED) BREAKER FAIL TRIP

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FEEDER DOC & DEF PROTECTION KCEG142 RELAY Relay MMLG01 KCEG142 trip contact KCEG142 trip contact Va Vb Vc Vn KCEG142 Aux KCEG142 Aux KCEG142 ACCB fail trip contact KCEG142 ACCB fail trip contact Ia Ib Ic Io 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 22 24 26 28 x x x x x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 52 Trip +ve 52 Trip Va Vb Vc Vn + 125V dc Aux - 125V dc Aux ACCB/fail trip +ve ACCB/fail multitrip Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

OUTPUT RELAYS: RELAY 0 RELAY 1 RELAY 2 RELAY 3 RELAY 4 RELAY 5 RELAY 6 RELAY 7 SPARE BREAKER FAIL ALARM SPARE OVERCURRENT & EARTH FAULT TRIP OVERCURRENT ALARM EARTH FAULT ALARM SPARE BREAKER FAIL TRIP

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TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION P632/MBCH RELAY Relay MMLG01 P632/MBCH trip contact P632/MBCH trip contact Spare Ia (delta connected C.Ts) Ib (delta connected C.Ts) Ic (delta connected C.Ts) P632/MBCH Aux P632/MBCH Aux Spare Spare Ia Ib Ic Io 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 MVAJ Trip +ve MVAJ Trip Spare Ia Ib Ic + 125V dc Aux - 125V dc Aux Spare Spare Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

OUTPUT RELAYS (P632): K901 K902 K903 K904 K905 K906 K907 K908 TX DIFFERENTIAL TRIP RELAY HEALTHY BREAKER FAIL TRIP TX DIFFERENTIAL TRIP ALARM TX BUCHHOLZ GAS ALARM TX BUCHHOLZ OIL ALARM TAP CHANGER ALARM TCS ALARM K701 K702 K703 K704 K705 K706 K707 K708 TAP CHANGER PRESSURE SWITCH ALARM BREAKER FAIL ALARM TAP CHANGER OIL SURGE ALARM SPARE SPARE SPARE SPARE SPARE

INPUT RELAYS (P632): U901 U902 U903 U904 U701 U702 U703 U704 U705 U706 TAP CHANGER OIL SURGE OPERATION TX BUCHHOLZ OIL SURGE OPERATION TX BUCHHOLZ GAS OPERATION TAP CHANGER ALARM TAPCHANGER PRESSURE SWITCH TCS SPARE SPARE SPARE SPARE

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DIRECTIONAL OC/E FEEDER PROTECTION: RELAY: MCGG52 + METI Relay MMLG01 MCGG trip contact MCGG trip contact Va Vb Vc METI Aux MCGG &METI Aux MCGG Aux Vo1 (open delta voltage) Vo2 (open delta voltage) Ia Ib Ic Io 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 52 Trip +ve 52 Trip Va Vb Vc + 125 V dc Aux - 125 V dc Aux Vo1 Vo2 Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

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FEEDER PROTECTION, OVERCURRENT & EARTH FAULT RELAY: MCGG52/82 Relay MMLG01 MCGG trip contact MCGG trip contact Spare Spare Spare Spare MCGG Aux MCGG Aux Spare Spare Ia Ib Ic Io 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 52 Trip +ve 52 Trip Spare Spare Spare Spare + 125 V dc Aux - 125 V dc Aux Spare Spare Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

BUS TIE / BUS ZONE PROTECTION MCAG34 RELAY Relay MMLG01 MCAG trip contact MCAG trip contact Spare trip contact Spare trip contact Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Ia Ib Ic Io 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 x 22 x 24 x 26 x 28 x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 Trip +ve Trip Spare trip contact Spare trip contact Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Ia Ib Ic Io Incoming Supplies

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RELAY CONTACTS: A contacts: B contacts: C contacts: Notes: 1. A, B &, C phase trip contacts are connected in parallel at the relay terminals. terminals 1 & 3 : trip 2 & 4 SCADA alarm terminals 5 & 7 : trip 6 & 8 SCADA alarm terminals 9 & 11 : trip 10 & 12 SCADA alarm

RECTIFIER LOCAL BACKUP PROTECTION MVTT14 + MCTI39 RELAYS Relay MMLG01 MCTI trip contact MCTI trip contact MCTI current check MCTI current check lLocal bu +ve MVTT start Local bu +ve Local bu -ve MVTT Breaker fail trip contact MVTT Breaker fail trip contact MCTI Ia MCTI Ib MCTI Ic MCTI Io 2 x 4 x 6 x 8 x 10 x 12 x 14 II 16 x 18 x 20 22 24 26 28 x x x x x 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 52 Trip +ve 52 Trip CB/fail trip +ve CAG33 contact CAG33 contact + 125V dc local bu Aux - 125V dc local bu Aux Incoming Supplies

CB/fail multitrip Ia Ib Ic Io

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Appendix I Voltage and Current Transducers


Transducers that are to be used to provide the SCADA system with current and voltage information relating to the high voltage network shall have the following general characteristics: Output of 020mA Mean sensing Self powered The following transducer is approved for connection in the protection current transformer circuit. Areva Istat 300; Type 3CAEA513AA (for CTs with 1A secondaries) Areva Istat 300; Type 3CAEA55GKA (for CTs with 5A secondaries) The following transducer is approved for connection in the voltage transformer circuit. Areva Istat 300; Type 3VAEA5450A, (nominal input range of 0-125V ac to measure a 110V ac voltage transformer output, usually measuring the voltage between A & C).

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Appendix J Pilot Wire Schemes

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Appendix K Auto Re-close on High Voltage Feeders


The RailCorp re-closure policy is as follows: In general, one auto re-close in 5 seconds by SCADA (ie the master station initiates the auto re-close if all the requirements are met). This policy applies to the following: 2kV, 11kV, 33kV 66kV aerial lines 11kV, 33kV 66kV cables, no auto re-close 2kV signalling cables do have auto re-close because of the criticality of maintaining the supply and often the fault blows clear. A feeder that is partially cable and partially aerial line is treated as aerial line. The auto re-close is taken off 33kV and 66kV feeders that traverse areas considered to be a bush fire risk when fire bans are imposed. This is a master station function initiated by the ESO's. Auto re-close is also automatically inhibited for 10 minutes after a close control.

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Appendix L Protection SCADA Alarms


ORIGIN OF ALARM ACCB PROTECTION SCADA ALARMS SCADA ALARM NAME COMMENTS SpringCharged LowGas The number of alarm stages will depend on the ACCB LowGasLockOut being installed. MotorSupply MotorTrouble DirectionProtectionA DirectionProtectionB DirectionProtectionC DirectionRelayFail DirectionalDCSupply PilotWireTripA PilotWireTripB PilotWireTripC BrokenConductorA BrokenConductorB BrokenConductorC PilotWireComms PilotWireRelayFail OverCurrentA OverCurrentB OverCurrentC EarthLeakage InstOverCurrentA InstOverCurrentB InstOverCurrentC Inst_OC/ELtrip OverCurrentRelayFail BreakerFail NeutralLeakageProtection IntertripReceive IntertripSend BusZone1 BusZone2 BusZone3 BusZoneRelayFail DifferentialProtectionA DifferentialProtectionB DifferentialProtectionC DifferentialRelayFail TripCircuitSupervision

PROTECTION RELAY

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ORIGIN OF ALARM TRANSFORMER

PROTECTION SCADA ALARMS SCADA ALARM NAME COMMENTS BuchholzGas BuchholzOil TCBuchholzGas TCBuchholzOil TCFail TCLowLimit These alarms originate from TCHighLimit the transformer tap changer. TCControlSupply TCInProgress TCIncomplete TCRefSupplyAlarm TemperatureAlarm This alarm originates from the temperature indicators on the transformer. There could possibly be several stages. PhaseFailure This alarm originates from a dedicated phase failure relay connected to the output of the VT. This alarm originates from a LV circuit breaker that supplies the voltage to the specific directional protection relay. These alarms originate from the battery charger and the exact alarms available will depend on the battery charger.

VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER

DirectionalAlarm

DCCB Frame Leakage BATTERY CHARGER

DCFrameLeakage BattChargerAC BattUnderVolts BattOverVolts BattConnected

Not all the alarms in the above list will be applicable. When determining the proposed alarms the following factors must be considered: Type of relay Capacity of RTU Function of relay Value adding of the alarm information to the EOC operator and RailCorp Protection Engineer.

In many existing locations some of the protection alarms (eg. TCS) are connected in parallel for each piece of equipment to give one general alarm. This was due to the limitations on the quantity of alarms that could be connected to the RTU at the time of installation.

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Appendix M Implementation Of SCADA Alarms & Control


The SCADA alarms and control to and from equipment can be implemented by hard wiring or using a high level interface such as a serial link. Electronic protection relays can be used to convey the information by using discrete output relays or via serial links. However certain information is critical for system operation and must be independent on the protection relay or communication link to the RTU. The following list details the SCADA alarms and control that are required to be hard wired to the RTU. ACCB control ACCB indication (both open and closed) ACCB DISCONNECTOR/ISOLATOR indication (all positions)* EARTH SWITCH indication (both open and closed)* Tapchanger control Battery Charger alarm Protection relay watchdog alarms Trip Circuit Supervision (TCS), where provided by a dedicated TCS relay. Analogues (current and voltage) Phase failure relay * If all circuit breakers on a switchboard are not fitted with electronic relays having adequate RS485 communications to the RTU

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Appendix N Typical ACCB Auxiliary Supply Arrangement

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Appendix O Protection Relay Labelling Guidelines


The following rules apply to the labelling of protection relays and associated auxiliary relays: Location of Labels: Labels should be located above the relay. If this is not possible, then they should be located directly below the relay. Colour of Labels: All protection relays labels shall have black writing on a yellow background. All auxiliary relays (such as multi-trip relays) shall have black writing on a white background. Format To keep the length of labels to a minimum, abbreviations shall be used for the protection functions. The valid abbreviations are detailed in Table N1. All labels are to be in CAPITALS (except for abbreviations such as Tx & kV). The description of equipment shall be consistent with terminology as used in the AC operating diagrams. This is summarised below: FEEDERS: Feeder ID ; Where Feeder ID is the unique 3 digit identification assigned to each high voltage feeder. TRANSFORMERS: Unit ID + voltage ratio + Tx ; Where Unit ID is the identification given where there are multiple transformers (eg. No.1, No.2 etc). voltage ratio is the voltage ratio of the transformer usually expressed in kV (eg. 33/11kV, 66/33kV). RECTIFERS: Unit ID + RECTIFIER Where Unit ID is the identification given where there are multiple rectifiers (eg. No.1, No.2 etc). Content: FIRST LINE OF LABEL: The following sequence should be used to construct a label: i) Equipment being Protected/Monitored eg. No.1 RECTIFIER BUS ZONE 792 No.2 33/11kV Tx

ii)

Type of Protection eg. DOC & DE RELAY PW RELAY A DOC RELAY A OC RELAY FL RELAY Tx OC RELAY Tx DIFF RELAY

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iii)

Make of Relay in Brackets. eg. (HMB4), (P521), (HO4) (CDD31), (P127), (CRP7), (P632), (KBCH), (DDT) (CR LE)

iv)

Pointer to Relay (if needed) eg.

EXAMPLES OF LABELS: 798 DOC & DE RELAY (P127) 798 PW RELAY (P521) No.1 RECT IOC & IE RELAY (MCAG33) No.1 RECT IOC & IE BACKUP RELAY (P127) TRIP CCT 1 TCS RELAY (1TM10) No.1 33/11kV TxDIFF RELAY (P632) No.1 33/11kV Tx OC & E RELAY (P127) 1-2 BZT RELAY (MCAG34) 1-2 BZT MTM RELAY (MVAJ13) No.1 33/11kV Tx MTA RELAY (MVAJ11) No.1 SECTION BZ MTM RELAY (MVAJ13) PROTECTION FUNCTION ARC DETECTION BUCHHOLZ BREAKER FAIL BLOCKING RELAY BACKUP BUS ZONE BUS ZONE TIE DIRECTIONAL EARTH FAULT DIRECTIONAL INSTANTANEOUS OVERCURRENT DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT EARTH FAULT DCCB FRAME LEAKAGE AC FRAME LEAKAGE RECTIFIER FRAME LEAKAGE INSTANTANEOUS EARTH LEAKAGE INTELLIGENT GAS INFORMATION SYSTEM INTELLIGENT LIGHT INFORMATION SYSTEM INSTANTANEOUS OVERCURRENT INTERTRIP INSTANTANEOUS & TIME DELAY OVERCURRENT MUTI TRIP RELAY AUTOMATIC RESET MULTI TRIP RELAY MANUAL RESET (HAND) NEUTRAL LEAKAGE OVERCURRENT LOW OIL OVERCURRENT & RESIDUAL EARTH FAULT INVERSE TIME PRESSURE SWITCH PILOT WIRE DC REVERSE CURRENT TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL TRANSFORMER WINDING TEMPERATURE TRIP CIRCUIT SUPERVISION
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ABBREVIATION AD B BF BRly BU BZ BZT DE DIOC DOC E FLDC FL FLR IE IGIS ILIS IOC IT ITOC MTA MTM NL OC LO ORET PS PW RC TxDIFF WT TCS
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PROTECTION FUNCTION TRIP SUPPLY SUPERVISION Table 12 - Protection Function Abbreviations

ABBREVIATION TSS

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Appendix P Standard Current Transformer Configurations

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Appendix Q Protection Non-Compliances Particular to the ECRL Project


This appendix details known design issues relating to the protection schemes and equipment installed in the ECRL project that do not comply with the general requirements of this standard. These arrangements have been accepted for the ECRL project only.

11kV Protection
Bus-zone protection not installed on the 11kV switchboards, (blocking scheme installed in lieu). Pilot wire protection not installed on the 11kV feeders. Multi-trip relays not used. Dual trip coils not installed. Test blocks not wired in accordance with standard configuration. Protection relays not programmed with standard configuration.

33kV Protection
Multi-trip relays not used on the 33/11kV transformer protection (pushbutton installed to reset latched P632 output relays). Dual trip coils not installed. Test blocks not wired in accordance with standard configuration. Protection relays not programmed with standard configuration.

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