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(A): Tell us about your trip. (Ceritakan kepada kami tentang perjalanan Anda!

) (B): It was the most horrible five days of my life. First, we missed our flight; then we had to wait four hours for our luggage. The food on the plane was terrible, and there was no shower in the hotel. (Perjalanan itu adalah lima hari paling mengerikan dalam hidupku. Pertama, kami ketinggalan pesawat; kemudian kami harus menunggu empat jam untuk barang-barang kami. Makanan di atas pesawat sangat mengerikan, dan tidak ada shower di hotel.) (A): What happened to your ankle? (Ada apa dengan kakimu?) (B): Well, my best friend and I went skiing over the weekend. I wanted to try something exciting, so I took the most difficult trail. I hit a bump and fell. Then I slid 500 meters before I could stop. (Ini karena saya dan teman dekatku pergi main ski di akhir pekan. Saya ingin mencoba sesuatu yang menyenangkan, jadi saya mengambil jalan yang paling sulit. Saya menabrak gundukan dan terjatuh. Kemudian saya terguling 500 meter sebelum terhenti.). (A): What did you do last summer? (Kamu bikin apa musim panas kemarin?) (B): We went scuba diving in Malaysia. It was my first time, so I learned a lot. We took a boat out to a tiny island, found the perfect spot, and swam for hours among the fishes. (Kami pergi menyelam di Malaysia. Ini yang pertama kali, jadi saya belajar banyak. Kami naik perahu menuju ke sebuah pulau kecil, setelah menemukan tempat yang pas, kami berenang selama berjam-jam di kelilingi ikan-ikan.).

COMMENTING

Thats interesting. I think that Interesting point. I would add Hmmm. I hadnt thought of that before. Pertanyaan-pertanyaan juga bisa menjadi sebuah cara untuk memasukkan ide-ide baru kedalam sebuah percakapan: What do you think about . . . Have you considered . . . What about . . . Terkadang pendekatan yang lebih langsung lebih cocok: Can I add something here? (Do you) mind if I interject something here?
REQUESTING

Kita sering tidak dapat melakukan sesuatu sendiri, olehnya kita memerlukan bantuan orang lain. Dalam meminta bantuan orang lain tentu kita harus sopan. Nah, bagaimana melakukannya dalam bahasa Inggris? Berikut beberapa frase dan ungkapan untuk meminta tolong/bantuan dalam bahasa Inggris. (Kata kerja imperatif sederhana): Help me. Please + verb (lebih sopan): Please help me. Can you? - Can you help me? Will you? - Will you helpme? Could you (please)? Could you help me? Would you (please)? Would you please help me? Would you mind (V+ing)? Would you mind helping me? Could you possibly? Could you possibly help me out here? (Sangat sopan) Would you be so kind as to? Would you be so kind as to help me (with this)? Peranapan dalam percakapan. (Silakan klik tombol play untuk mendengarkan audio)

(A) Give me a paper towel. (Beri saya tissue) (B) Here you are. (Ini tissuenya) (A) Please mail this letter for me. (Tolong kirimkan surat ini untukku) (B) Okay. Ill stop by the post office on my way home. (Baiklah, saya akan berhenti di kantor pos saat pulang rumah). (A) Would you please turn down that music? (Bisakah kamu menguragi volume musik itu?) (B) Sorry. Is it bothering you. (Maaf, apakah kamu terganggu?) (A) Will you type my term paper for me? (Maukah kamu mengetikkan makalahku?) (B) Sure. When do you need it? (Tentu. Kapan kamu membutuhkannya?) (A) Would you give me a ride home? (Bolehkah saya menumpang pulang?) (B) Sorry. Im not going in that direction. (Maaf saya tidak lewat jalur itu). Pada kebanyakan situasi, ketika Anda meminta seseorang untuk melakukan sesuatu untuk Anda, penting untuk menggunakan frase pengantar supaya memperhalus permintaan tersebut. Contoh:

Lend me your book (terkesan terlalu kasar) Excuse me, could you lend my your book? (lebih sopan) Help me fix my computer. (kedengaran agak memaksa) Sorry to bother you. Im having trouble with my car. Would you mind helping me for a minute? (ini lebih baik).

Accepting and refusing politely may depend on what you are asked. For example: Would you like some cake? Yes, please. Sure. Thanks Okay. Thank you No, thank you I'd better not. No, but thanks for offering.

Would you like to go see a movie? Okay. Sounds good. Sure. I'd love to. Yeah. Good idea No, I'd rather not. I'm sorry, but I can't. No, but thanks for inviting me.

How about some more pie? All right. Thanks Looks good. Thanks Don't mind if I do. No, thanks. I'm really full. Thanks anyway. Looks delicious, but I'll have to pass.

How about going skiing this weekend? Great. What time? Sounds like fun. All right. When and where? Sorry. I'm busy this weekend. I don't think I can. How about some other time?

Narrative Communication is defined as communication in which how individuals communicate to one another in the form of telling about events in a macro or micro way to explain some an opinion. Biologically our species is termed as Homo sapiens; however, sociologically we are considered to be homo narans meaning story telling people. We create our worlds that we live in by telling and listening to stories or narratives. Unconsciously we send and receive narratives every day. It does not matter who the person is. It could be some person that is sitting next to us at any given time. It's a misconception that people believe that we only share stories with friends, according to narrative theory (Baxter, 241). It does not have to be a friend we can see a stranger on the bus. When that person tells us about their day, and what has gone

wrong to what is good, they are telling us how they want us to see them. They are telling us their story. Narrative communication is part of interpersonal communication.
Contents
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1 What is communication narrative? 2 Personal 3 Professional 4 Why study communication narrative? 5 Purpose 6 See also 7 References

What is communication narrative?


Narrative essentially a story or an account of an event or a series of events as told by an individual. Narratives can be extensive or small. Per Kellas, People build and communicate their relationships, cultures, and identities, in part through the stories they tell (Baxter, 241) One may ask, why not call it story telling theory, instead of narrative theory? Most communication scholars view this as the story being retold in a micro fashion which does not have extensive details. While the term narrative encompasses a macro aspect than juststory telling. For example, a story is generally describing or recounting a noteworthy event in someones life. Whereas a narrative for example is not just the event but could describe multiple events to a whole sequence of someone in more detail than just telling one single story about the person. There are two types of narratives that create the biggest impact in our lives. First there is personal narrative, second there are professional narratives.

Personal
This concept explains that most of the narratives we use come from our personal experiences. When a friend or family member tells us about their day, and what has gone wrong to what is good, they are telling us how they want us to see them. As homonarians they are telling us their story. History shows us that all cultures use some

kind of narrative to form stories and dances to tell about their tribesand cultures. Same as family stories that are passed down from generation to generation.

Professional
This facet of narrative states that professionalism at the work place provides many outlets to produce narratives that express who we are (Alder & Rodmen, 2009 ). In the professional world we are exposed to many different cultures that shape how we share are narratives. This includes higher education and any organization we belong to.

Why study communication narrative?


Why study or try to learn Narrative theory? There are many reasons why one would want to study narrative theory. One may want to understand how we as individuals see ourselves in this world, and we do this by telling our story as we see it. Another reason to learn or study narrative theories could be to learn how others see the stories or narratives from that person's point of view such to give themempathy or respect when needed or to weave it into their own lives by using Intertextualization creating a relationship with the person giving the narrative. Part of interpersonal communication Communication narrative is used when a person is telling the story the other is the person listening to the story. The first person or the story teller is one that will try to get their point across to the listener by telling them about a series of events that lead up to an event or events. During this period the narrator will give account that may or may not pertain to the outcome or event. The second person of the person that is listening to the story or narrative has the opportunity of asking questions. During this time the listener can uses their knowledge to make up their mind if the story being told is true or false. The listener may in turn interrupt or wait till the end of the first persons narrative and start their own narrative to where the groups change places. Conclusion

Purpose
The purpose of this study was to explore and comprehend the meaning of narrative theory. First, a brief history about the theory then about the core concepts. Storytelling has come along way from its origination. From the first caveman that put paintings on the walls of caves to tribal dances, and campfire stories to the present day Facebook and Twitter. How we give are narratives is like are society its

continually changing from advancements in technology. Do not get confuse narrative communication with narratology. narratology is part of a literary theory not communication.

See also

interpersonal communication Narrative paradigm Problematic integration theory

References

Knobloch, L. K. (2008) Engaging Theories in Interpersonal Communication Multiple Perspectives. ( Leslie. A. Baxer, & Dawn O. Braithwaite Ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. [1] Griffin, E. (2010). Communication a first look at communication theory. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill [2] Alder, R, & Rodmen G.(2009) Understanding Human Communication. Oxford, NY: Oxford [3]