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HEMPEL

DFT-RULES
WHY:
How to control that specification is met? How many measurements should be taken? How to decide after having taken the measurements? What is max. DFT? VERY RELEVANT QUESTIONS

R 17a

The customer buys a certain dry film thickness according to the specification. Ideally he should not get less. In practice we know that a job is never perfect, but on the other hand insufficiencies should not be too large neither in quantity (Area) nor in quality (DFT). Here decision rules come in e.g. the so-called "80-20", "90-10" or similar rules.

HOW DO THEY WORK?

"80 - 20"
Quality (DFT)
dft must not be less than 80% of the specified

Quantity (Readings)
A maximum of 20% of the readings may be below specified dft.

Many other combinations of figures for the rule can be used and the sum does not necessarily have to be 100. When employed, the usual figures for various segments and areas are: "80-20" "90-10" Shipbuilding including tank coatings with Resistance Guides. Offshore and Onshore constructions. Containers.

The Rules are good for general surfaces, - but it is always recommendable to check areas difficult to paint e.g. rear sides of bulb-profiles etc. separately.

HOW MANY MEASUREMENTS TO TAKE?


The accuracy of making the correct decision is invariably linked to taking a certain amount of readings at random. Guidelines to how many readings to take are indicated on page R17b.

HOW TO DECIDE:
Example by the "80-20"-Rule: 80-: No reading may be below 80% of that specified without repair being undertaken. -20: Not more than 20% of the measurements may be in the range from 80 - 100% of that specified without repair being undertaken.

INSPR17a ed2

VALIDITY SUBJECT TO CONFIRMATION

/02/03 EMi

HEMPEL
DFT-RULES R 17b
HOW MANY MEASUREMENTS TO TAKE? Several international as well as local standards are now paying interest to statistical methods, when checking dft. Today both ISO and SSPC has issued standards. Below is quoted the sampling plan described in ISO 19840. For details please refer to the standard. Area/length of inspection area m or m up to 1 above 1 to 3 above 3 to 10 above 10 to 30 above 30 to 100 above 100* Minimum number of measurements Maximum number of measurements allowed to be repeated

5 1 10 2 15 3 20 4 30 6 20% of the minimum add 10 for every additional 100 m or number of measurements 100 m or part thereof Area above 1000 m or m should be divided into smaller areas

Please further refer to the standards acceptance and rejection criteria. as well as the standards special correction values for steel surface roughness. Containers Checking container-dft is very important because of the general low dft specified for these and the intense manufacturing procedures. Therefore very frequent checks, many measurements and the use of the "90 - 10" Rule are necessary. A different measurement procedure - taking full advantage of modern electronic equipment - is used as a part of an integrated reporting system. Chemically Resistant Tank Coatings Also here correct dry film thickness is very important. 1 reading pr every 2 sqm is recommended. Other important standards SSPC-PA 2 should be noted. When specified, please refer to the standards specific text for procedures and decision rules.
INSPR17b, ed4 VALIDITY SUBJECT TO CONFIRMATION 17/05/05 EMi