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AS 22811993

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Australian Standard
Flexible cellular polyurethane for seat cushioning and bedding
[Defence Title allocated by Codification and Standardisation Authority: SYNTHETIC (FOAM) RUBBER FOR CUSHIONING, BEDDING AND OTHER APPLICATIONS NATO Supply Classification 9320]

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee PL/36, Flexible Polyurethane. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 26 August 1993 and published on 15 November 1993.

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The following interests are represented on Committee PL/36: Australian Assembly of Fire Authorities Australian Federation of Consumer Organizations Australian Furniture Research & Development Institute CSIRO, Division of Building, Construction and Engineering Furniture Retailers Council of Australia The Plastics Industry Association

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australi an Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editi ons as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest editi on, and any amendments thereto. Full detail s of all Australi an Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australi a Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine The Australian Standard, which subscribing members receive, and which gives detail s of new publi cati ons, new edit ions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggesti ons for improvements to Australi an Standards, addressed to the head off ice of Standards Australi a, are welcomed. Noti fi cati on of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 91176.

AS 22811993

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Australian Standard
Flexible cellular polyurethane for seat cushioning and bedding

First published as AS K165 1967. Revised and redesignated AS 2281 1979. Second edition 1993. Incorporating: Amdt 11994

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 8558 7

AS 2281 1993

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee on Flexible Polyurethane, under the direction of the Multitechnics Standards Policy Board, to supersede AS 22811979. It sets out specifications for the physical properties and dimensions of flexible, load-bearing, cellular polyurethane. This revision provides five material classifications which replace the three classifications and associated subgrades of the previous edition. A new nominal hardness grading is also provided. Fire-retarded polyurethane is not covered by this Standard as agreement could not be reached on the appropriate fire-retardancy test procedures. Recommendations on the grade and thickness of cellular polyurethane for various applications are also given in Appendix A. This Appendix is intended to serve as a guideline only and not in any way to limit the possible combinations of different grades that are available.
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The term informative has been used in this Standard to define the application of the appendix to which it applies. An informative appendix is only for information and guidance.

CONTENTS
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Page 3 3 3 4 5 5 5 5 5 5

SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CLASSIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REPAIR OF FINISHED PRODUCTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SURFACE CONDITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TOLERANCES ON DIMENSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MARKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

APPENDICES A GUIDE TO APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 B COMPARISON OF IFD 40% HARDNESS RANGES AND GRADES ACCORDING TO SUPERSEDED AS 22811979 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 C FIRE BEHAVIOUR OF FLEXIBLE CELLULAR POLYURETHANES . . . . . . . . 11

Copyri ght

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA

Users of Standards are reminded that copyri ght subsists in all Standards Australi a publi cati ons and soft ware. Except where the Copyri ght Act all ows and except where provided for below no publi cati ons or software produced by Standards Austr alia may be reproduced, stored in a retr ieval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means without prior permission in writ ing from Standards Australi a. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropri ate royalty payment. Requests for permission and informati on on commercial soft ware royalti es should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a. Standards Austr alia will permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard wit hout payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia. Standards Austr alia wil l also permit the inclusion of it s copyright materi al in computer software programs for no royalt y payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that materi al used is fr om the curr ent edit ion of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied. The use of materi al in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be vari ed by Standards Austr alia at any ti me.

AS 22811993

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Australian Standard Flexible cellular polyurethane for seat cushioning and bedding
1 SCOPE This Standard sets out requirements for flexible load-bearing cellular polyurethane, manufactured in block, flat or profiled sheet and strip form, in moulded and fabricated shapes, and as reconstituted material, for use in seat cushioning, bedding and similar applications.
NOTES: 1
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Appendix A provides a guide to the grade and thickness of cellular polyurethane foam that may be used for various applications. Appendix B provides a comparison of the nominal hardness of foams specified in this Standard and the previous edition. Appendix C provides discussion on the fire behaviour of flexible cellular polyurethanes.

2 3

2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS The following documents are referred to in this Standard: AS 2282 2282.2 2282.3 2282.6 2282.7 2282.8 2282.9 2282.10 2282.11 2282.12 2282.15 2282.16 3744 3744.1 3744.2 Methods for testing flexible cellular polyurethane Method 2: Measurement of dimensions of test specimens Method 3: Determination of apparent density of flexible cellular polyurethane Method 6: Determination of tensile strength and elongation at break Method 7: Determination of tear resistance Method 8: Deflection tests of force deflection Method 9: Determination of compression set Method 10: Accelerated ageing tests for flexible cellular polyurethane Method 11: Determination of resilience Method 12: Determination of compression fatigue Method 15: Determination of smoke release Method 16: Determination of ash content FurnitureAssessment of the ignitability of upholstered furniture Part 1: Ignition sourceSmouldering cigarette Part 2: Ignition sourceMatch-flame equivalent

3 DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Standard, the following definitions apply. 3.1 Accelerated ageinglaboratory procedures for measuring changes in properties due to the application of heat or humidity, or both. In such tests, the long-term degradation effects of oxidation and hydrolysis are simulated. 3.2 Apparent densitythe mass per unit volume of cellular material in air, at a stated temperature and relative humidity. 3.3 Compression setthe percentage difference between the initial thickness of a test piece of cellular material, and final thickness after compression for a given time and a nominated recovery time, as determined by AS 2282.9. 3.4 Elongationthe change in gauge length of a test piece at the time of a break, expressed as a percentage of the original gauge length, when tested in accordance with AS 2282.6.

COPYRIGHT

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AS 2281-1993, Flexible cellular polyurethane for seat cushioning and bedding


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