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Ancient Warfare

1st 9-weeks
Week 1-2

I. Introduction to Ancient Greek Warfare


a. Hoplites, Phalanx warfare, city-states
b. Aegean Sea, Early Empires, Troy

II. Troy and the Iliad, 1250BC


a. The Olympians
i. Their role in the Iliad
b. Comparison to the movie, Troy

Week 3

III. Rise of Athens and Sparta


a. Spartan society
b. Persian Empire and Invasion
i. Battle of Marathon
ii. Battle of Thermopylae
iii. Battle of Salamis and Plataea

Week 4

IV. Athenian Empire


a. Peloponnesian War
i. Syracuse
ii. Athens’ Long Walls/Pericles
V. Rise of Macedon
a. Philip II
i. Formation of the Macedonian army
ii. Battle of Chaeroneae
b. Alexander
i. Birth, mother, Aristotle
ii. Role at Chaeroneae

Week 5-6

VI. Alexander the Great


a. Character, divinity, and destiny
i. Battle of Granicus
ii. Battle of Issus
iii. Siege of Tyre
iv. Oracle of Siwa
v. Battle of Gaugamela
b. Eastern Campaign
i. Change of character
ii. Battle of Hydapsis
iii. Immortality and decendants

Week 7
VII. Rise of Rome
a. Founding to 3rd century B.C.
i. Sack of Rome, 390 B.C.
b. Roman army organization
i. 8th-6th century B.C.
ii. 6th-1st century B.C.
c. Pyrrhus of Epirus, and the Invasion of Italy
i. Battle of Heraclea
ii. Battle of Ausculum

Week 8

VIII. Rome vs. Carthage: The First Punic War


a. Causes and goals
b. Roman Naval warfare and the Corvus
c. Regulus and the Invasion of Africa
i. Family of Marcus Atilius Regulus
d. Hamilcar Barca, guerilla warfare, and Mount Eryx
e. Battle of Drepana
f. Naval engagement of the Aegates Islands/end of the war

Week 9

Wrap-Up, Review, and Test


Ancient Warfare
2nd 9-weeks

Week 1-3
I. Gallic Invasion from the North
a. Battle of Telamon

II. The Second Punic War


i. Characters
1. Roman: Fabius Maximus, the Scipios, and Cato the Elder
2. Carthaginian: Hamilcar, Hannibal, Mago, and Hasdrubal
ii. The dark days for Rome
1. Battle of the Ticinnus
2. Battle of the Trebbia
3. Battle of Lake Trasimene
4. Battle of Cannae
iii. Archimedes and the Siege of Syracuse
iv. Scipio turns the tide
1. Battle of Ilipa
2. Battle of Zama
Week 4
III. Invasion into Greece
a. Philip V and the Battle of Cynoscephalae

IV. The Third Punic War


a. Cato the Elder and Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus
b. Changes in the Roman army

V. Marian Reforms
a. The Germanic Invasions
i. Battle of Arausio
ii. Battle of Aquae Sextiae

Week 5
VI. Late Republic
a. Spartacan Revolt and Crassus
b. Julius Caesar
i. Rise of Caesar and the First Triumvirate
ii. The Gallic War
1. Battle of Bibracte
Week 6
VII. Caesar, continued
a. The first invasion of Britain
b. End of the Triumvirate
i. Death of Crassus, Battle of Carrhae
ii. Battle of Pharsalus (Caesar and Pompey)
1. Death of Pompey

Week 7
VIII. Octavian
a. Hunting the assasins, Battle of Philipi (w/Antony)
b. Civil War, the Battle of Actium (vs. Antony and Cleopatra)
i. The Chinese legion
IX. Massacre of the Teutoburg Forest

X. Siege of Masada

Week 8

XI. Rebellion in Britain


a. Boudica’s Revolt
b. Battle of Wattling Street

XII. 3rd Century Crisis


a. Battle of the Milvian Bridge
b. Battle of Andrianople

Week 9
Wrap-Up, Review, and Final Exam