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1. Explain the factors that determine an individuals personality.

Personality: The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others. Or Relatively stable pattern of behaviors and consistent internal states that explain a person's behavioral tendencies

Most often described in terms of measurable traits that a person exhibits, such as shy, aggressive, submissive, lazy, ambitious, loyal and timid

2. Describe the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator personality framework. Was developed from Carl Jung's psychological theory by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother Katharine Cook Briggs. Is the most widely used personality-assessment instrument in the world Is a 100-question personality test. Extroverted vs. Introverted E-I Do you prefer to focus on the outer world or on your own inner world?

Sensing vs. Intuitive S- N

Do you prefer to focus on the basic information you take in o r do you prefer to interpret and add meaning?

Thinking vs. Feeling T-F

When making decisions, do you prefer to first look at logic and consistency or first look at the people and special circumstances?

Judging vs. Perceiving J-P

In dealing with the outside world, do you prefer to get things decided or do you prefer to stay open to new information and options?

Classifications combined into 16 personality types often shown in what is called a type table.









3. Identify the key traits in the Big Five personality model. Conscientiousness: Careful, dependable Agreeableness: Courteous, caring Neuroticism: anxious, hostile Openness to experience: sensitive, flexible Extroversion: outgoing, talkative

4. Explain how the major personality attributes predict behavior at work. Core self-evaluation Self-esteem a persons view of themselves Locus of control degree to which you believe you have control of your own fate Machiavellianism degree to which a person is pragmatic, maintains emotional distance and believes that the ends can justify the means

Narcissism degree of sense of self-importance and arrogance Self-monitoring adjust their behavior to external, situational factors Risk taking willingness to take chances Type A Personality excessive competitiveness and sense of time urgency Proactive personality identify opportunities, show initiative, take action and persevere

5. Contrast terminal and instrumental values. Values: Represent basic, enduring convictions that "a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or endstate of existence." Terminal values - refers to desirable end-states of existence Goals that a person would like to achieve during his or her lifetime Instrumental values - refers to preferable modes of behavior, or means of achieving the terminal values

6. List the dominant values in todays workforce. 7. Identify Hofstedes five value dimensions of national culture.