Anda di halaman 1dari 44

# a li'n'rfrage pow \$o*ins ihrough ros *dion or lhe waveguide:

:l*(;)'4 jir
-.a^(*\'.
thc In odr io ca10la& rifrlr!.r

(:')".

rh:0):rlr:/):

## '/9(r=0)= r,Ho ' . r : ( )= o )

/ \
-' \a _/

00r30)
ro 3r

- = J:(J 0) rlr:o:"r:lJ:o)

-/ a t^.nl |
\' /

## Thetotalpo{{ 10\$is rhcndoublc

(1 P, : 'tP.(:)t.- +rtr/?)t,=q. o
rPJ:.t _ l;, J:. r', J, {;ft

0 r3r)

lF.irl,-

= f j r , : r , = o r 'Jt: l , = 0 r , 1 r , , / r

=;[.(+)]',^.

{cH,

4:2 2ellh), r:

r 021.n)

( s u b d i r u r o nE q s 0 1 3 3 ) a n d ( 13 4 ) i n E qt 0 t 3 2 ) y i e l d s f t0 0

P , r ) : f+ ; + | ; J l3;R ='+;li,lH;r.
Thc lan cxprcsiotr is the ftsurr oI re.osniziic rhrr

## p=Jr/. = ,.r/ -lil l,

I i * n l i s E q s(.1 0 l 7 e ) a n d1 0 1 3 5 ) i n q l l 0 l l 2 ) , ! c o b r a i n ( E

R,[ + pr/,[?/t]

tuJt=lljl :1

al l

\IJTfr

I (f)t

Eq'n'ion{10 13?) resis a mihs omprimrd depddem.of (,j8,, oi rh. nlio (/Jr. ft rendsto inlinity *hen / is dos ro the .uior rrequency, d(russ towd " nininuh s/ jnqas' andlncrcls6aeln neadily lunherinaea\$s lor For r Eivfl suidc*idrh 4 ihc r!.nuarlondcrcNsas, incEaes. However Ir.qDncyol rhc,cn higbcFordcr modslEr1 (orrM,,l rirh rheconsquence rha mode(!h. nnge oI lEquenci6 over vhich TEi is rh only po\$ibh propaeating mode)hrd ued. Theusua.onpronhc h !o .boo.clhc ralio6/ain rhcn.ishhoF | If {efollo! rsimilrproedurcrhatledro {10 I3?), Eq theartnudDnconsant ,

'

: n , t t r ' r+ ! h t )

w b J t- u 1 l \ ) o z + ) h ] J

h Fig. l0 14rc plot.d thes\$phsof(r.h!,, \$d (!.)rr,, tora iandardair ffned wR 16 mhngular copp.rwayeguide d = 22e(cn)and t: r02(.n). Fron wirh (cHz) and(I)j, = r6 r0(cHz).I hecun\$ sho{ Eq.(r0 l3e)*e rind(tJ, ! = 6.55 rhfl rh. a(.nu,rion .onian! incEa ttuency rpprmch* th. curotrfrcquhcy. ri 'hc opsnrioe noee t/ > /J borh.ufl* mrionoi\$an!oIrhc-rE1o modsis ev*ynh{e lower than ihar oI rheTM,, mode.Thsc &ds hrvc dircd rclcun.e in lhe choie oI openlins ndds and ftqueocks

A TE!! wivc d lo(GHz)prcpagrtsin a 6ns d.=1.57x I0r (s/n) -rctansular Naveguide {ith inner dinensions 1.5(cm) .= md ,= 06hf).*hhhismbd*irhporyerhyren.--,:2.25,/,: r.loshncdnr:4 x r0-' (cJ Ddcninc (a)rhr Dbasconsa,r.(b)(hcsuidclavdensrh, rhephase vebcny, (d) tbe {rve inpedance, rhe dten (E (f)rbc!&nu!!ioi oisantdu. ro losii thceuldc*aik.

'=;=''5;10;=

'6-="".-'

## P=;J lil =;-r6i' os"

;= -#=o;=00' 63 r'

## I rhe phse Ebcny is, from Eq ' ,t1 0]h'

.11lr,n

!'iE

v|"EE
r obrained Eq.(10 173) rron iGHz) can bc dcrmincd IDm

'(H',,)
a. = l!:oi " ::r ,r: o"r,r opi.r
= 0.7r (dB/o).

ilrt'

t) I]re.renuation consl! duerolos itr tb. suid. volts ir loutrd w. haYqIron Eq. (e 26b),

## *,' q R.lr rr.,, nl _0050r.' r.]j,'o.l"t,.l _ ooo. oo.,

4bJt ttuh' . :5r ' 0006 0.?45
= 0.526 (dB/m). :

Ju* as io th. cd. ol rnnsnission |tnci n is desimbte haveinpdane narch ror ro wav. propasarionin w.vcguids in order ro achieve naximun poKr imnsler md to rcdue ldl powerlo\$ dre to a high {.ddios-*ave raijo, Th.rt a a nrF ro r_ todue shunr susepbt s ar appropirr poinb along I Naveguide. Thescshunr rNephnfts oncn kke rh. rom of a rhio mcraldiaphragm *itb an f. suchasrhoc rhe ddn. md nasrdic [.lds mustsaiisrylho addnio.al boudd y mndnios otr .beneh qu'fc tfr\e qs.su.deo riooar bo,n&.] , onJniotu rr '!c p,e..n.. ors I h ghr.ord{rodei dnd r!r Ea srsrion i! iril) mo(onpH,K. Ho*(E'. rb. qsesu.dc,,,.,, j d{igned .o rhar only rhe doninm! modecan propacalc.The hishcrordd nod6 se.h.n a d &e lomti,ed n.ar rheiis. Ab \$.tyricar dcrcF ninarion of rheef.dik shunrsusprada of d iris would nc*snaie rhe sotutiotr

T
I
F t 1

1'

dis.usjdn we ofa dim.uhekctomqndics prcble'n. \illoild onlya qualnrlivL r0 lra rorrhe nisAin Figs.1015(a)and r5lbl Flg l0 l5(r)ismadeollhin.oidudingdhphngdsclendrerrom Thenkln onena(o{ salltorheorhtr. Asslci ii Fie,l0 l?(al,rhcd(thseldl'nsofthe rcros (henaF inactuss*diotr 9e Lnihe ].dltcti.n, eoine donina TEjo mode lhc rromb rod mlv beerpstd io havc dimcision ro* dincnsionRedu.inedis lomlly con\$q kndv, llcld rs {ell asthenorcd d etic energy .fler oI rcEasins t hh An is rheequiv cn! shtr su\$eptancc \$rrtd ro be caprcitivc. rmroximat ex .aprcirive suspt.ns n prsion rorihe Dormrlia! lkl'\l " iD-. -1L "I " 1 ' ' l : ; l l , zrr," rron Eq.(10 5?lrnd lr is tlE luidc waYdcnsrh sh.c vLo isrhercdprodLor s in Eq ll0 19)Assehar indiq.d bcror.rheadualsitud,on nuch morc eiv.n lofrpli. ed, o*ns ro .hc Frc\$ne hov rha'4is nornricdvrroponioi'lto (br:01. Th. aplrorim e fornulain Eq (10 r3c)is a(umre to *iihin 57 h rhe norm, thcconddi"e Thsnisii Fig 10 15(b)prvid\$rddi.jonal.uii.ntpathsrhrough ml'gndi.ljdd h rtir h rhe in lrusinPicwlonsitudinal diaphGgms ther diEcrion, Henft theequival\$( rhc enrsy Lo.rlly. ins opening incEasins \$oftd matrseric aM Ai \$prcsion ror rlt ro shunr su\${rl,nc is expeded bc inducriyc approximd. mmalned mdudircsc.cphnc or rhe'ns js

'=ff=-;-'
(;)

rhrt ! Anoth* rypcordkcominuity providusshht su\$pranc is r.ondud'ng pon proldiig i o the*avesuidcon brod rsc.,asin Fis l0 16(r)Ifrh.pos a ar opaciiiw whcnI b(oms ar apprccidrlc indtrdiv.efrect frrclioD t,.onsidmblecurenrqnlod alongrhepon,ciusi4ai of Slilllonesd{illresult lns.n\$eocunwhen/islnth.n.ighborhoodolllF)6

in an indudivc suscprdne. rn pncrical usaserhe p.i usuarry raks rbc rom of a mdrr src{, r! shown Fis r0 r6(b). ii Th. scrc{ couldbe iosded in, stn .ur m Thc ftnln slndo\$ nor appreciibly disrtrrb rhencLd and srew * h a varhhre l..i bc r!!cn in lhc {aycsuidc, rhc sridios u*d ror hiing flid mdchiig I civei road ro rhc ravLcuidc This is a rch.ique simibrro rhesingle nub narchms schene discusrd strb(dion9 72 in r Measurmcnbor wG-10s.bmd{rveguide(,= 7.2tcm,r: a 3.40.m) fenins a hom antcnm sho{ r shndins-waecrarlo (SWR)ol 2.00ar rhe 3 (c1.r4 op.nring rn4srcn and rheexisieneof a maxmumeledic netda! t2 (cm) llon rhen{k oI rbehom Findlhc localion the dineosio rd indddivc lns n(6sary to achEver pnrst march.Asme rhc waycsuidsto be soiurimwnh a= 721, t0 r(m)rndr=ra0:t0 r o . l h e d o n i n a n ! T E , o r oid s s r ( n ) . l h c. u r o i r q u e n c y

I=;

## =_,,, M::m, , ._!:

Thc gujds *.veleng(h is, ton Eq. (10 39),

ro"ru,r

t - --!::
o'\'jr

=
,rxr

T hus, rhcndsuEd maximu'n rhedkrri. ficrdis !( a disranel2lt3 9 = 0.36rr! oI liom ih. neck rh. hori. Ai rhri I or L:;.:1, Thc.oGpoidiis.nodalizsd ondudre is

,,=i=s
of ringlc.nob n dchins discusedin Subsdion 9 ?.2. (\$ ch,{ lid proecdasldllows Fis 10-17): L Enier0r : ol0 oi an Snilh admnhnc chanN rd ipoinrormximm ekcric

cost!.lioi

or snirh tuilui

.hiir iEnnph 10 r 1t

I Dra* a lr {ide edrcnd a! O wirh rodius0?r, intMting tvo point, P, Md l':. Rerd

ih. I = I circleo!

d P?: rr = I -i0.70. (positive) susphne PoinrPr is nor u*tol ro usb{aus ir Equnes! capacirive l- Dn* a sFishr line rron O throughPl to poinr Pl on thc penmde. Reld 0 343 ro*ad lord" salc a. Pt rhis is(0363 03a3f! = 716(cm) onihe_{avchnsth fton !h. n.ck ot the hom .nd is wh.e ro inductivciris of a normatizd sus*p' dn.. 0 70 shouldbe plac.d. ,1.Usios Eq (rO 190). ddeminc thc dnhnce d or the rcquit'd indudrveiis we

o70= =oil;.--1.
lrom *hich we find I = 472 (.n)

## 10-5 ambr waweltdet

Eledbmareric wtss on al\$ ;rcpagd. indd. round meralpip6 It rhis sciion we ll \$udy vavc b.havioB in circult vav.suids netal pip6 hrvi.g a unirom vnh circularcro\$ \$crion rod 611ed a dieletic nediun. Tbc b\$ic cquatios to b lllisfied by tmehrmonic d(tic and masndic 0cld a. rlioi insid.3 Naresuidc Eqs (10 3)md intnsiiiB in rhcchargrlE dieFdnc (10 a). which arc rpeatd b.lor:

Y r E+ k , ! : 0

v ' H+ [ ' H = o
td s !' 19. qr.Lude s 'h a u or .. r,ld' no* tc iol rn. in rhe ;-d ncdion, n h .xred ieni to dcconpot ihe thRdimcnsiond

## trdd !r inb 'wo prrb: !i ror 'l rudinar,{onponc simitany, borh

.dtmcnsionat rxnsvese con poicn I wc I troady kno\rrromSub\$dion10 2I rhd TEM *rycs lmnor qisr in sucha wrldsuidc wnhour rniincronducror Thepropagaring{avcsdn bcdNiisd inrorwo groups, rs ir fdsnguhr wry*uidcs: transv*\$ nrsndic irM) eid ran\$crc cl4ric lrE). of 4=.:?,.. whcto r.osarkhsrre homogenm\$ Hdmhotrzissquaron

or,e.=rr:? i', {herc s9 safticsexrcrly eme homoseieous rhe Hctmholrzt cquiionrequned sboE or.: A l r h o u s h E t r .1 c 6 ) r s i m i l a r i n r o m l o E q2 ( 1 0 h e n s o t u l i o i s . n q u i r c 00 .4Lr dlllercnr. {irl considrt sorulior we rhe olBq.(10196)in rolowing rh. sobsrclion.

'l ':
I r\ 1t/

tra'

## TosorveEq00 rc?),{cappty!h.mdhodotsprnrionof vanabhsbyasumins

*heE R(r) rnd o(4) ffe ftridioDs only olrand o. rcspdilely subsi{uling solurion

(10 r93)in 00 r97J dividing rheproducr Eq ind by R(r)ou,l{c obr.in , / t dnlr)l = R t ) b t , t ' * "''_ nld,rt-

N.{ rhc hlt j,l olEq. (10 199) r rundioi orr only,,nd lhc righrsider a is Iurcrion or,, oiry ForEq (10 t99)ro holdlor all values 3nd 4. bolh sidcs orr r. lcl thiscon\$rnt(*pan!on coNan0 bc rr. wc canseparar Eq.(r0 i99)inrot*o odiiaiy difcrcnlial cqurrions:

-,# t '*'' =o

;'jt'

,::)

t ; - ; t , tht t4udin. isknown\$ adrrs M! Eoulrj.nl10 201) 'Asolurion.rEq.ll0 b. obraredby as\$aineRt) to bea pord kies 201) can ln r {irh unkno{n.odncient,

^(f)= I ."0r)",

i10 hr)

th. s,blnddnc it do thc cqu ion,and equaiins sum of thc cocmciensof each r l.dious The p.{d or r ro zeF Thc rdurl {ork is

= R(i) c,r^irir.
*hcr C, is rn a\$itnrycoi\$ait, rnd

## '' , J , , ,= F t f(' rr/"' ^L- tG,tr*

k .rtted th. saet ludis oI t^t lrt *,rd or,rh .rder wirh an gurci' ,t (r0 onlyror rtr.a'alEaA,/,, whEhis tud rortr\$ dor EqurlioD 20q holds imerc\$, rs we shall \$ lati rJr) v plotedin Fig r0 13 sevdalthinss ronh ioring Fnn,J,(0): 0 rorall r exept aE {hen i = 0, for lhc zerorhordei. rii0) = l. sdond. r,({) rc allcorhs fundions
rN.w MiL{h d. rA?I rd{br /q !r 1

r \

4 = 0

4 =

tu aro levelar prosrcsiveryshoderrniensh. rxblc r0 I tish the dcnolcs rhcprhlro orr,(r): r,(r,p):0 tn lhL n d l s u b \$ d i o n w e * l h t r d t h a r r h . v d u e sro fd c r r m i n e r h e . i g e n v d n s o r T M 4 nodes circuk *aveguide. eigeivrlm orTE mod6.on rheorh* hand, li, The de p.nd on thc ^ros of th6dflirrrive orBsrl ftri.rions lhc 6sr kind rh n, on oI rheerus dfi, uhichmakc J:I;) = 0 {s* subsdion 10 j3) rhc values rhe or in\$ eyemr {, aft rabulared Trbic r0 l. rn so hi {c ravc obtainedonly one solurion B6d ruidion of rhe flsr kind, r,ltu) Ior rhe Besd\ djilcrcnriri cquarion 201). Bu Bssdl cqua'ion a is 00 \$cond.od* equrtionirhere shotrld rro lin\$ny iodepended iois tor ca.h bc solur hourdbc .norhersolurion rharis no. tiicary dependeir J,(tr. sucha sorurion on e*i\ts tl n.nttqt 8lgettuniior ofth! exondkhd or Nemlnr fw,tuD ,nd is burlty dended by NJ/irl As r be.oms vry hr\$ a1lJ,(a) r

N-t/,)

trr)r"i,, Gos

r ,(,r).

## rbc ehdll soluiionorEq. 201).ai'h.n bclri.rcnrs (10

i( robr ddcmined tom boundrry .oidnioi! prorrnry A dndicrive otBs\$trundion or rheHoid kindof a1l ordeBis rhrr rheybeomclnlinite lhen rherrgun in r cncuhrvsv.culd...ur rcglon oIinrrc\$ includsrhe4is *hoE r=o since rninJinilcfieldisaphysicrlinposibllny. solurion {hg n(r)in Er. (10 ?06)dnnoi contaiir N,04 Gm.rhisneais tharrhcco.[ici{nir/mos bezrc rordl ' T hu!

){

Ior wa{-modc poblens insidea cncular{akguid*hcrc is no nen ro beconrtrmd rn rhe\$trdyor orcul* urctrid\$ tha. to[o{s, rhepftcediicshonstrhmary or Bs*fs dirlc(dill cquaiion Bssl rundions rnd should rujllccThe re\$ or rhis | lspccb lor conprerenes. mry bc skippcdif Ir lhc naknxl on dielftticjod *av.suid6 ii Subscdion 6.r kro beonined. l0 li.a.c ths Esion ol inrer\$ oIr probhmln cylindricrlcoordi.ars doa nor indud. rhc 4is whurc = 0 isuchrs rheprobhmora olrirlyiyesuide {iih rn r innermndudor), rheradiat sotuiion R(r)nEq.00 206)msl.onskrorborh r,trr) q\$d 4 !s 'd bsdd*nined fromboundary rn'r rJr4 'cn\ rod thecoeffidenrs condnions. Ftr4hcmoqtfa problem noi inlalv. rbccnrnc ranse 4 (such do\$ 2, ot 6 rheproblem wede\$shrpcd orr warcsuidcl con\$anr in Eq (r0 200) rhe , will by, wc rnr rhssol ion orrheBs*t\ dit

## ln sone trrlc problcms is conEnienr deflne ir ro lindr .ohbinaiions ihe of

whef 4rr rnd d') arc fl0ed sdr.r/u.rt^ or \$c ns! and srcondkind, rcsp{ lvely.wher rheelgumc l'Iis yuryhlge,rheasynproric eipre\$iotu r'lirand tor

"h"

Thc\$ dprcsions{ith inrsinaryerpoi. idcoLmcienh drcasine rnd rmp|nud* pka in *idena rh. w\$c .h.Bdq of rheHankelruncrionsTh.y re u\$fu I in prcL (r' whcn rir k neg.rive =jil t{o orhr rbdioN l"(0 and x,((l rnd /tir. rcsperilcly, deined m

= r,rra jr,''r+t.'t.t
,;.1",.'1!" --*, 'I lid dq h Eqljo r\$] 'ls o +d] rclhd 6}sc

;lh:T,,":l"'l fti

ft ettal noqn d B6st lr"dirns oI rhc fim and scond kinit !r!F rr rsymp loricexpr6sloN obrain.d: lrgc drgonei6thelollowins l 1

/Jir),

Jr_

x,
!r ftissn rhar laree,,K"(i4show \$ch or erens.dmwrve It is u*rul h surlacr{aE problcms asdieledn} isric lom \$ r soruror hc.[oift olthc lppropriaE and on depends lhe rvpeot thc nrcblem on lor ihc B;sslt dirci;ndrl equarion

rudiusdlrconsd\or rmdd prDcen' FisuF r0 19sho{sr.tcul *rrcguLdeof F;dmoundrhe:ilis fhcedo\$ddlclcdicoediufr isrsunedroh!Y.connrutive partndcb < rnd r. For TM srw! d. = 0 w. {nie *h.a E:(r,d,)e(hfi.s Eq ilo rc6) rhe solu(ioi h wriien in rbc rorm oI Eq.

aic udOl/,lisrhesolurionorEqilo 200)si.e ill ficld.omponent pcdodt {ith ' | "eo'[rda' 'be'oron o_ q '10!" r "6u '\$D. ,ojtDe-iul loer l'l'rbr'u*or'h - " j , . ,- " r , . * 'ro rbd duircmsntorEriodicirv wedemand banintgci asitrdiotd pnvioudv' onlv " .h** js imnmtrial n changes thc lo.ariororihc widh*"i" d--,,,,

## rcrerne { = 0 anere. cunomarily, Brirct:{a d) ror TM modcs {s ar

rhc 'm\$etr onpdrrrs Ei a r; mn bround llom m rdaprdDn Eq or (10 ?9).orbccro\$ieloml pol mddinris (Prcblem 261 P.l0 . r 1 , , "- , l l r-/, ! 19

\r

I,r_,P-.trr
rhenbeobuin.d by uing Eq (10 12) ',b4inEr (r0213),

a \ ^

':,

^ 1 r ' , m .! "

## t" !", ",tn ,,P

r,
. t i. -.

-t1,',.,r.,,i^"n,
i !.--.

r.t.rl''o

.r: = 0.

t,0 ,t

vhcrcr bas bch nplacd byrt 4is (rr),lnd 'hd.ocmci.m d.Fids o c, Theeig.rvalusoI TM mods (he admisihl.v u6 oI r) ae dctdincd lon rheboundary condltion rh!t.: mu

Therearc ffiritly manyrros 6t J,(r), thefi6r sereftl of *hich harc b*n tabu1a1.n Hcne (hc in Trble l0 2. The ctrbrnequency siwn by El. (10 35)!s bcloru. is eigenvrlu. thc TM,, hodc rhar.orcsponds tb. fiisr ho (\' :2405) oI Ior !o

,'/"_

T r . p h : t r . o r ' s n n s n J r h ! s . ' d e\$ r r t r n g r ' L . r o o ef o ' n oL o r F q s .r 0 r r . (r Fd 'berM!, mode = 0I4.4. andHi rc rhe onry nonzro6ctd componenb

in Fis 10 20 Aordingro Eq.(r0 224), vanes r'l eirh rasr;ir4, *htrh eqmts -J,(rr. rhtrslhc dcnsi9or themasi..l. idd lios jncftsasrrcb, = v r! r = a. Noc thar in rcclansulir {rveguides rh. fi6r .nd sond rumbef of rhe mode indei denoE rhe numbtr ol h.lf-*rve 6eld wri ions in rh. r- and }dnedioisj . B! @i\eanon thej^t Nn6et at the hate id* Iat .m t vatesids at*ays p.tvdx the nhbet o! hdtt-||@a jad widrionst ,re d.lte.ri,h, aid rhecond numb* rcprcscnrrhc numbd or half wv. 6eld vaiarions in rhc r.diEdron. Hen.c lhc kansven. lierd pa!4n of rhe TMor node,o a circular \$vceuidcis analosou! rh. TM 11mod.iinsead thcTM01 ro of nodq *hich dos nor exis.)in a r

## H,n.\$a= \\oE 1', H

lho homoseneous Hernholk\ cqu ion

liH! + h'H! : 0 Analogousry TM c\$q {c arire soturionA ro rhe rhe t: = qr,(/') cosi4. (TEmodet

From I': {e find 'hc rinsvene magne'i. 6ctdomporenrs ril md dl by (10 5l), rnd v. find rhsekdnc fieldconp.ie srE:md rl by apptyiig Eq.

,\jf,r4{,\

## (o insddirion tt: in Eq.(1022e), w. hrle rorrE mod6.

H!- +c;t"(h't*",a.
H:=];rqr"o/snno.

## ai:tffcs"rn'i""a -" ei=# c;t;a,t ,0,

lor is Thestunedbound.q ondirian TE wrvcs rh.rrhc ,Y:mN wish | = ai rh!! ii

rhe 6B' sqdxl zros oI 4(r) m lkted in rable l0 l. tuon whrch!c s to rhk \$allc\$ x; is xlj = 1.341. cotcsponds rheMarrer eil.nnar'd

rhat rie

orortteq&&r

=lrra -\$ 11;..,

6a

H{e|h.fE|frod.fu|ledoni is which lo{er rh\$ (/Jo", EveninEq (10 223). nat md? h o cncrtor pauldite. rn ^i *-nftd .i(ulll Mveguidcorndius a, th. cutor{rkleDgd,rorthc donlmm node is

## = lr.t", : oje3l r.ar" (-)

ilo zaq {nb Eq (10 16a)ror ! rccbngular lield lin6 ror rlF TE,, modr in r wavesuidcA skdch or the ekdn. aid mssneric wallof a The dcnullion.onsanr duero 1o\$s i', rheimpedcctl!.onductins cncuhr sdvcsuid. canbe calculd.rl by rouowingthe s.nc procedre usd in Sub' Howerr, inlcgnlsol Bes*l\ fundions {avcguide sdion 10 4 I for r mtansular would bc iirolve4 rnd we shall nor punue thn rsped ludhtr itr rhn book. Summ

i o . , \ r h : .r e " l r n u d : o o c o i . k n r . o r ' t u o m l s n l r . d c p . o p d L a h ^ r , n d s rlrb. rnd 'd, -gukr ui.esu'dr tur m.on N'rbk d'\nrio1. "r v, .ncdm ordd or naciirude A poinr oI specialinrercs lor circutft walcgoid\$ is rhar !h. !!nuhon m^rad or TElp wavos decra*s noiorooicalty virh frcquency rh. ahsn@ oI r nin'muh poior in d. - / cui6. No orhereaks in cncuk or rcdao

(CHrsisnalnro bctrosmntd insidc honow.ir.utar a rhe insidcdimdd or rhc pip. suchrh!. ns lowe\$ coror (b) signar ftequcnq. rf rhertpc is 10opmr ar l5 (cHz),

## thc doninant nade in i dcular wavcguide nditrs o of

--rhis to biequkd to 0.30 10= 3 (cHz). is : Hen@ rqun.d instdc rho diander or thepipeis ?z= 2 ! i0.037e/3) 0.022 or z2 t.m). = im), b) cu.of nequ.ncies Myesuide ror nodcsin a ho os .tsutir DiDe inid ndius or a = o0r| (m)rhar to*r rhan (GH4aq rrom rrc 15 rshb; rb r a.d to 2. u.h!,, = 3 (cH?.). 'r\e.-3.{l 3.t-:':)-r0r5 rcH,,

## 10-6 oletecttic wareguu*

!Lo4Nayquids \nh \$ndudirs \!!lts wc noe rho\ thardjdsricrt!b5 androds FisuE 10 22 rho*s r longirudimlcmsscrionola diekctri.slrb {rr'elude orrhi.rn(\.1 r\jn icilyrc(hlidf rhjrrI)IobLcmqirhrod!p.ndm*onrhc h G Lo\$h\$ aid lhxr {a\$ e spac lo./J we a\$umerharrbedledric ropr\$rc ]rrb! +rdncdlon Thc bchlllor of-rM lnd

## For ranryu5cm4ndic rrlcs. r. =0 sinccrhcn is.o r-dcpmdcnqEq.(r0 'jl)

',11" ','ur,,,=o
solurions Ett.1102ar)N\$ be .oisidtredii borl' tl oI rqiois, nndrhcynun bc mrlchcd rhcrroundrns. d our rltnurtjon llosk\$ dElcdnc)i'hat wea\$umc is.

t=ilt
r h e s o l u ' i o r o r E q . i iz a l ) i n ' b e d i e l e d r . s h b m x y c o n r r i n b o ' l ' r s n e 0 E l l = r , ! n r , r + , , ! u \r , 1 .

I <

1i;
.

l>2,

\$qulions (r0 245)md(10 24?)ar calkddn .a,'/ rglori,'r becrusihysho* rhe noolnsr dependen*or the phar on\$il I ot o ined the valus of {, and ii nor have{e round relado\$hiFamong anplnuddE,, r'". C,. rnd q. In theronoving, the rhc !c *ill considrlhc odd .nd crcnTM mod6splntly. t) odd rM nad6 For odd rM modes, I:(, is de\$riben by a sinerunction(ha! = 0 plidc. Thc only o\$tr ncld.onponenh, is anrisymmetdc rcsprci10ihe r vith ttoir)andtt:ir), lrc obrajndrron Eqs 00 ,3)ftd 00 ,51respedivdy. i) ri rhe dnbdrc rcgion, ) < d/rl r, sink,j!. 1ro,431 4(,:

rl(':

fE.-,rr

Hrt=f E.

* *, ,:r,r=,f,(,"",f)"
a,r: ('''tf)"'-'L

.1,,:f"*;I Ero=i1('."t"Y)"'""-'''',

{bcn c, in Eq (10 ?atu)h\$ bftn st b eqMl Io sin(tlp, valueor 4(r') in Eq (10 243)ar thc uppr inlofae, j = l/2. In th. lo{s fn.-sprce rcgion,,< d/2

,i0:

"' ; i r , ., : - 1 .
lE.,',gtc''-, lio,\$)
whichii

Hllrl=r'"'1

\rlrrt c, ir Eq.(10 2a6b) bd s' ro cqur 4\$(k,dl), hrs rbeurueorEl, r Eq.10 :13)d l h . l o v f t i i t ' G ] = d l 2 ' frcmEqs (10 ls0) and110l5rlbc t

## fur! gilcn rl'guhr frcqudicyofcxo(arjon n. su rc, .cqun6 'ha rl(l/2).omptrtd

=-1'"lr/

t o ur v ' o a * t a
jlnd

Eqs l10 21s)rnd ilo rll Bl addrsdispsion FLatnD\ I + r"r: ol/F! rorq)

,:1.,:i/r",,r,r-r,'l''
0 E q u d i o n s ( r2 J r ) 3 n d ( 11 5 9 ) o n b . c o m b i i c d l . c i v e r t r e x p F s i o n i n N h i c h 0

## t.,r,." r,.,r rl' =1r,

^T

qd ioi, Eq iio 260),crnnor sol d b! gicn o lnd livm ulues ofr,/,{,rnd d oflhc di.lccbi. rElyncally Bd rorr orEq 110260)Qnr1:Pl.ftd fus r, slrb.botbrheLdrandth. ighr sidcs ilc thc llLucso|r,lol odd TM modcs, o| I nnit nmbd, LMicatins rhcr!arcoDly aine iun rhat whEbthcrc onlyr rc b{ ofloslbh mods Ttu is in con sibk i', wrvegrid\${ h cdiJd:ng wrlLs E: wc'oa rrofrtq (10 r43),ha, = 0 rorr = 0. Hdnc r r&.cdy condtrd qith thdr'=0 plrne*rhout aflect.8 pl!fu fray beiitiodu.,ed ro.oincidc ins rlt erNi',elialdslr lbllo* rhd thcc rlongr dGlcdi+n,h wrtgdde or ll/2 br nJDoidiigrM iDdesnLppoded r didcdn. shh orr rhicknss thd is rhe "/atr rtlddre ofdiehdic lookinedosn llom abore thc5urtuft on

:.- r
\dt..an b! \trrtrtd 6t d1

## ai induclre iexctance. rhus { 7v r!'tt!

b) Ea, r,r, ,DlA. For evenrM nod.q 890) js decribed by a .osine fuicrion rhrt issymfericwi(h Esp.crro rhe)=0 pranc

a
rhc orh* nomD field compone q .9 and r:, borhinside3nd oursid hc diddn. shbcro beobtained exedy rhcsne manner in rhecascolodd r as (s* rM modcs IroblemP.10 rr). Ii{crd or &. (t0,r5L rhechrsdcn\$r al3tion bdwcsntL and i nor b.cones

=-.a-,Y ru*"r"-"+
whi.hcrn beu*d in conjunclon enh Eq.(10 259)!o ddenine rheran\$c6c yawnumb{ l, andrherrn\$c6c a&nualionconsanr Thckve\$l solu0dns a. con*poodto ihe svdd even TM mod6 !h!r can.xisrin the dichdri. slab wsvesuidc lhlckn*s d. ol musq in \$n ss a .onducrins plane.a,,or b. of hc {holc tield \$roduft and00 24r)ir h @sy!o sLe lhai de phas mmh ,l. or liesbds*i the rnrinsi.phisscondrorot rherft. spam. ,hdoI rhednbdi., r,: o,t,l,i lhd n,

& =,.r;,

"d

,"F,"'.t..'FA.
A. l lpprcrch.s urue oroJ,";;, Eq.(r0 2r7)jndjBb rh d approachs rhe a,o halhc *avs areno lonsd bouid ro thc dah Th. lmnins tequenciesmder rh( .ondilioi arc c l.d rhec!r,tty'?9,,rdl of rhe

, r ( h c , n .d * s ,d F o r r o , r 0 s

inrioi iib Eqs00.r57)md00 261) wnhrer ro zcn yiclds rollo*ins rhc rcla tions TM nod6. Arcurofr: lor

"[i-,..,

*nr"

*e./affi)-o
'Lr[a-kt!=(, 1rtr,

"r"d!G;:ie=r,

t"

""tJM

## ft is sn ihiL =0 ror , = 1. .tr pnqsak oto"s t tidarnalab

As the teqmicy or a eim TM Mve increassbyondrhecod*pondi.g cutofl te quency, increr\$s rhe*aveclinss a and moE iish|y .o rheslxt

:'

## =,v. ,rr90,) sii r"r + r..os r"Jl

r< dp) 'he**\$ nBr demys

r,l<;,

(r026?)

## rhcrc 4 h\$ bccn dcfincd Eq.(10 ,45).Ii rhcte{pa@ rcsiois(r > d/2and in

c.?"0 4r, l>;, (r0 263a)

l'9(,=1
lc,c*a".

r<

i,

00 263b)

vhefu is denrtd Eq.00 ,4?) ii *aveqweconsider oddandeven nods spantly. B*ids tij(/), theonly the rE (r0 olhn ficld comp.ncib tib) and ai. t9(l),!hi.h.!n bcobraii.rr Eqs. 50) fton

## D h rbcdichdicrcsio,,rl<4: = H9(.!) ,'t, sio,ll ,r:(r) = : ir".os [,r

0o re) 00-10)

r:"r- 1",r..".,.,
it In iheupp*fte spac region,,>d/2:

*,, H,o,-(,'."hT)".

## '",r,t: ((,"" uS" -'.

*, ,:",=-Y('.,''y)".

4'2:

lrh=

r \ , /

l't.ilfrFilr

## -.' 44r,^,,"t4. .",,,= a \ , /

A rlllon bdleo t, and d mn b. obained 6y etturrins Eqs 00 ,r)sd (r0 274), /=dp.rhoq al

"a:*&""f

re-"a*r toaa

{hich is scn ro bcclo\$ly analosous rhechriodciisic .quarion,E,r (t0 257tr ro for odd rM mod*. Equa.ions(t0-25e) aod 00 273)can b conbin.d in thc mmid otEq.(10 260) 6ndl/ gnphidlly.Froml,,csn beround to frcmEq. Fron a posnionof lookios doM fron abo{, th. surtace impdanc of rhc

## z.:rla: "nt", O" *o"ott" *-or*

r3

tTEmden,

,* e a rE su{ae *h. an

rE' TE nd* For c{n TE mods, riroo k dsribcd by rha. rymneldc trper ro rhe.! 0 plane. = f *ith
('0 r0) l! <dp olher noEno nerdconp!'cnc, ,ri and ,9, bdh insid. md oubiderhe di el.dric slabcoi bc obhined in rhesamcfunifi a Ior odd TE modes Pbtr (w hm P.l0-3t. Ihe chea.Gdsic r.larion ber*.en ,t a.d d is .10\$ly analosous ro th3rrorcvcnTM modes givd in Eq.(ll) 263): as T hc H!\t): H.c.s k,y,

## =-,&*'? ru*" "**o

It is 4y to 3e lhat ihe exprcsions far rhc curof nequ.ncieseivh jn Eqs. 00 264)and 00 265)4pry aho !o rE nod* L*e ib. lowdr,ordd (, = l) rM modc .h. lomlod* odd TE nod. hasno .urofl frequ4q. Irl. charmrri\$i. r. hrions ror all .hc propqdins nod.s alons a di.ledric{lab ,.vesuide or I thicknBs

1"=i

t,d\vffi

r.:i

ltirFffi;

r.:r,
r".:h

t)td.FE
,kJ@

l] A dielecticilab *4v.suide wirh coonituriE parmdeB rr = r. and r= 2.500 situatd i! lEe space. is Ddemine the nininun thictne\$ oI !h. shb sorh a TM or TE wrve ot !h. evenlype rt a lnqucncy 20CHz mly propasae solurion Thc low6t TM \$d TE w,

T d.rti;;:iA
t4!

,. ro.ro,vtrr

## =6i2, r0rLm)ar6 (nml. r2

& (r) obt n m apploximar erpftssionlor rhed.yins Er ol rh. r 3 kry rhii diereric-d8b u*eedda {b) Find .h. rineaveEsr po** per unit slab *idrh tftnsmiitd ong lhc guidc.(c) Whdt i3 u'. timnvtrlcc povd rFnsnnrd s) rhe donimrt rM mre r rh. odd node havinga zro fltotrrrquency /-=0 lor ' = l, ind.pendctrtol rhe dab thickngs T\$lc l0-4). wirh r slabtnat F.e

ll h
6 b

## r,J 2.rnd Eq (/0 zlrj b(on4

,=+k11
u\irs i q 'r0 ?i! to i 0 c:

so2e)

=-l Ml]

o.{/,!r' /odir Np/m), 0o 23r) 2:: I n E q . ( 1 02 3 3 ) i r h \$ b e n a s n m c d r h d d l / 2 < d l r ! . t) The llne rvengcPoymins v{rof in rhe +:-dirdion in rh. derdn. rhb n

## &,-: l-"4.rr==4r: f"...".r(,rJ,

=ff ":[,.r1,'"r,'o],.,i-r,
L,=--h.t Nt lro r1a) l=olt"." ( r or ! 1 b ) Poynrins vedorh rheransvos di@rioois catculared ton ?,. = ta{'.E. x ,,H ).
r0 b I qe ff ' 4 'ne flo@io,. or ro fd Hl4r o0. o n

r'om s,b\r..io

## sdisJd bou de,\ o' d'r(

\$...rn c! n .one p!v!:." r.,sn r.om h. onepl , ) h e r{ d , . .r . . d , n s a r o n 3 t 0 . .r t-,or srd on con id..rhed-r 3 d p h n e { s v e i n r t e . r b i r h r p e m n 'j . d . , , . . , n ,d e n r o b . , q , - . } o n r , e t o v r . t

boMdary nr at atrgleol incideie r, srerk rhln rhecnliol lisk Fee &. 3 133)

oe*n r wve ir will hc lohlly Efl{rcd lo*rrd rheupporboundarvM otovcr, u eva in th3t n aihu.ted erponentia0v th' tatr_ exiss alonsille inhr.e ft : dn4!ion) Tne Ef,{Ed {ave rion rhelo{tr boMdarv Esc diffiiioo oubidc oI rhe bouod!4. \$ill b inciden(oi lh. upper bdundrry at rhe \$ns onsle ol incidenc r' > d. aod -rhis prces 'ilt codrinueso thlr th.ft {ill b wo will be simila y rohlly rlleled ooe st oI nuhidv Enrclcd waves: s! soins rrcm the upttr boundarvloelrd the to{.rd thc upperbound' l"*- b"-d;.r. "'d rh. dhc. *r I'.m rhelotd bouDdarv thar thecondhiotr ihc Po aiv Under mh serof Endcd mv6 forns a siisk Milom planeNave Wc rhenhavei{o in_ '!c i o t n ' ? n f tp t h n r l h k - r i , r e' n f o ' m o l , n ' r . ' e s \$ i g n ' o d --o r.. o.ppr "s"*" 1 .krtnxr'.p1{ eouinm's" bo'h *.ac n"r r r r I b o ' n d s- a e F n oo n h e s r g e o t n c ' d r ' r d ' i n ( r 0 d e F ' m n hr h c ,l 'elld on\ An fr .ho\$ r-d r5c rduned p*d F-r" - " ;"."..d'r.* b4{ronvstvel '4B'on\ ;d".nJ i' \eue.dinp tr 'o- hts'.r'-x bv bouncidgvlvs dueto rooi intrnal can and boundarycondnions be ioieryrcbd so lar our rftnrioo hasben diEctd lowd rhe *aYc b.hrvior in dicletic plJ 'o round otleln td *des idl In tu' 3 o n sq r - L o r , d- h; - b. ^.d." ru6,-' r?n'mi.ono hsNa' w*esuids a( or gEar im_ a^, nu.* rld t m.pri""t "*"edides optiQl fibd o omnunh,,onoconrol }\H b.ru* o ' '. -.@" ;1"-*.,''. ,he, ob.-rcnr,,on ,ndlr4e.b"-dr'drh o,opfl B I rv dlo srrlnjnd! dn rhc uk oI scr and ndibl. A \$udv or ctcular dielcdric wsvesuids nffidhts qlindn.al coordind6 !h leadto Bo\$lt diflercnti.l cqunion and 86\$l lundions. node .poJoreonl. irr. ' d, . mrD.i".d bj,R r," or 'ndepn,r"r I e " ,h. n.i,, , . . .' ".' on d, scpmrioi inb rM rnd \$sle coordinac d. wh.n rh. fieldsaE dcDhdd ". r' r\r r,o, - re he\ -r1r or borh rimod., tr' o ronqoo' Jore,.o.r 'onodin\{rulrno svtndlldr dc\o zlkn,"rdE'd"t r-"nd lr ' ror rM synmdrical nodes a rcund -*idd !h" circularly ^, " ,l.Dt;.dq in di.ldric rcd ofsdiN d andrcmittility q, situoled air Thc hnsvers disldbtr' ,9. .r ion of thc arial component ekdnc field imensirv, in .he dielecdc rod (r < a) iqnom Etr.i10 2 !3) by sring r = 0.

## rhe mrGponding rl'li iq lron

ouride ihedicicdric drefiddsm quned ro beelhson( n,! us, q{ruasc rod, ciponenhally Jisranft. sppropiak choice 19. is ,(o(!rt,rhe modtiod {nh Ar ror B c* r r u n . i a , l i . e . o 1 0' d o I hrsc aGlmentrts P ri m Eq (t0 :rt we {n(

11= ro,(!(rl

.>a,

i' - tt' - ki = lt' .D|lttro, md r! r r mrshd rhc orspondincH3,h ,." iE.-..., rh. ndd ompdntrs 4 md fli m cljrttpt = DoKoltr)
'; .at,r" Do& d

## Loi ror.Klreih qmmfldc TM mods

4(',,)

;,r,,(1,1i")'

{here andrrtu da&d rbroush (r0 237) tlo 2c0): Eqs i and ,r+a=drlo(r o).
E,rudions(r0 293)rnd(102e1)crnbssotvedrort rnd t cirhe aveb*i lound, curoflrrcqucnos orhn ihe atrd prdp*ts orrhecojr.spondingcircularlysynncrial TM modes bsddemin.d .!n Ir the above .xrnDLc discused Ne oily rhc .nalysis proftdu( for cncutady symnctiolTM mods in rn unchdhomo8eneou op.jcat hbe. rn pncri.c.omfrdcianyrvdhbrcopricdhbeBaf mtity otr{o rypes \$eFiidcx 6beBrharcons! olaftntrl honog.neousdiclecrriccoresnd \$ ouhsherrhors m&nat hrying a hrtr rardYc irdex and gmded geieous p'ojlk. Dsrriled rcfrrdive iDder sudies rhc\$ !yp* do nor ral inlo rhe oI

## R"snatos 10-7 canity

MHz to 3 cH4 andhiah* rb' pointd d rharar UHF (30o we havsprcv:otrdy "Rdm I' oa're u Nfl'..i'.rnrr ..r kd b;- "i nrc en'..rcrr v'' drennon, ;" *arina wrElengih b..ofre eiicient r ialor and will inc et wiih orhtr cncuirs wn. cn.uitsGndro hrver higheflechve mnventidnd and sy\$.rs. Funhemorc, mdiaiion.nd\$r rsulr olskinetrd lo* borhb(au\$ ofenergy rhroueh rcsislaia UHF nd hishr rt'lkmnq wc look b a md} To rrovide r rdson i orcuil !1 . ' . : ,, . i . ] r c o m p l , 'y . u r o u n o e d un-r reoLecn dnos \e |iEh 0 q dlrr l'c'o' onds -. 'l ed.aua n ,ic,'n

r h b r h r d \ t o e ob t d o n o - t r1 \$ . T h r , n a a .- . , h a \ ' t r F 5 . r 0 2 4 r - u . e s'n.c bor'Tv 'nd r\4 " d rr rods 'nr cq "" rr;.d*.M ranculdrrcsomrorioo. Ho{.vtr rhed6igndtion of TM andTE nodesin a rcsonaror *" *. t* r .hooc \ or l or : asth. dnEdonof propaga :' ,,ir -iq* t--* ngitudinal didrion For crunph,a TE nodc h o d "r h * p ( r ' o I e J . , i ! r h * p r d ' o ' T . . . ) . o L do e ' r M

'1-'
'<{-

, " " l : . ? : .f l

## " l . : : " , 4 - * " : . . o. , . t \ c . . , . a r ?

S]..'-".llTi l"l'--' l
II;r,Mo{.

## l:'^'i' rl":' '," "'.'''d" h noi,udndl vdn.i on ro. a {B,e rrr.t.ns,n

! : - o , - q L o rN J r . . t d "1" -i,"" b'L 1.,o,, d. .0. rrd.r.edinra.,i0 :. . . r f . r m e n n p r r - d e i* i

## tnee\o,sr- 'o '

rh. ,.,,

?rl ..u,.,.ordrdins*srcorle

.oaid1rherr,'..-.omp(
j ' 1 9 l. ) p . f d h3','l

## :"jl_tij-'j11{ * d ' h e . . o e p f n . . n e r ur'q' l

ne .Rtr d3 d d'aidio, s1h T d r ^ ! ) i o d H . . . . _ ' * h . c ho o trN' 'a.1 d..ddrg b tGtr. \\e ,0 ,r4 rto l, r r . r r h e f i . t do m ; o n c n . b , i v _ r m o d a

,""'(Tr''(Tr*(?)

* (+, (1: ,:(?)(11,",' r,'(?, (T)'" "+ "'(r')* (f' * (?, j:(T)"*(i r,-(Trr(?,
"-(TI.(fI

## *(rr''(Tr"' *(T)e," (+)

n Ii is cl\$r tbat the iotsen n, 4 md p dmot !h. nurbd or half'wav. vanabons th. :,J,, rnd ?.diEction, Esp.divoly. FromEq.(10 lrB)we obiainrheralovi.s expression theEsonmt rr.quency ror

## tt;;i '\r/ -\7/ l;j . tnf J; Jt;/

(r.(il'.(r'
incrcas6 as Equllion(r0 30r)suts theobviotrs lhd thecomnt rrcqmn.y tlct rhe ordtr or r hode b{om* hishff TE.,, ModG For TE ,, nod\$ (4 ! 0) the phasorerpEsions Ior thE*mdinF (10 153) waE fieldmmponeotcan he wriftn tom Eqs. .nd (10 159) through (10 162)we rbllow sme lasas thos v. u.d rarrM.,, modsi namdy, the 0) the tcnsv*s (rangentirl)ekctic field componeosmu\$ vanishai : = 0 and ? = 4 panialdif*cn rlarion and(2) lictor r indicaEs ncgaliv. the a wirhrrpcd !o :. Thc 6re!rulc roquis a sln (prl) ra.ror ln 8,1x.! , md t/r, ). ,), d *ell s in rr:(! ). ,! .nd thc sond rtrl. indiots a @sl?rl) hdor in '',1r, l, , md I'/(], r,,4 md the rd,cmmt or I by (rul). fhnq

## 4.",):4*(Tr*(Tr,-(?, *(?') *(:, "., ',:#(f)". t."(T,

"'r,,a:,(i)(7),"*(T')*(?r*
i= (? aa.,, -ff (,r)r",,.(tr*(T,).'
,

## :.;(?X?)'""". (f, (?r,-(Tr* 4,.,,,

The valueoI [' hasb@nsycn ii Eq.( | 0 ]001 fte exprcsior lor EsonantlF{uencn /.q, maiis th. \$r. s rhd obtaiD.dror rM"", mod* in Eq. (10 30r). DitrcM! mods hdmg rhesme r6md! lrequency .altd r'csrre,z ,od4 ThusTM*, arc if andT E ,r rodd m dways degenerare noft oI rhe nod? indi@sn 4io The modewith rhe lowe\$ rsonani tftttuencyfor a sivenct y si. h rclertd to s rhe lrrirarr md. h.. ExanDlel0-15) (10 Exaninarion ofrhe 6elddprc\$ions.Ers {10 295)rhroush 299),lorTM nod* in a ayiry nvclls rh{ the loneirud,ml and tanven elelri. freld.onpo-

ncn6rEin timeph3svl.h oncanorh* rnd in dm. qlodiolur*nh rhenagn.lic fidd .omponenb.Hene rhe rind! rmnsmii.d in rny dn@dooare zero,as rheyshoutdbe in r tosres crvny. This is in .onr.d to rherield expf\$iois Eqr {10 t32)and{r0 l]4)rhioush00-lr7) for TM mod6 in x {lycguide, whererhehnse4c d@ric rieldcompon.nb&c in rime phase{irh thc tansrsc magneric 6dd compon.nsi sulritrs in a rim}ov*acc po** fiov in the dtetion oI {.ye proprsdioo. The \$re.onrdios phas rclationshipsb.t*cn elstic and mlgndic lidd componenb TE rods in a cayiry Ior (Eqs r0 302rkough t0 :106) rhos in a {rvesuide(Eqs t0 t53 rcsomror and rhrcush 162)ar aho in didcoe r0 A pdi.ullr node b a evity rcsonator(or a waEsuide)nay b e,.ir.d rom . oariar rjne by me\$s ot a smallprobeor toop \$rim h Fis l0 241a) probc a h sho*d thrt k rhe tip ot ihe lnntr .dnducror ol a couial cabtc.nd prornds into dic ncld is a maximumfar lhc d6iEd mod.. Th. prob. i! in lact, m ,nten.a rhar .ourhs clodronagneric eneGyin.o rh. Eso naro. Arrb,rivdx a Qviiy rcsonaror b.rcjlsdrhrcush inrodudionof nay ih. . snall loop ar r pla@whre rhenagoernnux orrhe d6ncd modetinkinsrhe 24(b)iluir.rs such amngemem cour\$,rhe rn of sourcefie,rucn.yrofr lhe oaxirl line mu\$ be rhc ,!frc.s rhe Esonanrlltxucdcy otrhed6irednode in rh. caviry. As an .xampk, ror th. TE, oj modcin in a x , x I rdssutar oyiry, thereaE o'Jy rhre nonaro lidd compon.nr:

(:.).'(; r.

## ')*(;, , 1 ' "",, (: '(:,

(:r"

Thk nod. fq bc crcir.d by a prob. insncd in rhe enrr fsion of rhe rop or borom fa@vhft rr n ndifur, 6 shorn io Fig. t0 24{a), by a roopro cotrptc or a maximun 1r, plaen insiderhe rmd or b.ck fae, as shownin Fis. lo-24{b)..rh. bst locdion or ;r probc or I loop is dded by lho idpedanc nfthhg i.qde renk oI lhc mioo*av. cir.uirdf whichrhercsanaror pd. h. A cofrmonly usd ndhod tor coopling eneqyrrom! {avesuid.ro,.aviry Esonator,srhcinrodudion hol. ornk aranspproprift tooriooin rhecrviry ofa wall.Th. lield r rhe wav.suidcd rheholemu\$ hrlc a ompooent rharh rrvoftblc in ercirine rhe dc!ftd moden rhe Eson4or. r. Dctmine rhedoninan!nod6 md rhenrrequd.ics rnan in ft .n rcdangur\$ crvi.y rcsomrorror (a)d > r > d, tb) a > d > 4 aid (c)o - b = 4 whcn a, b, and d re rhedjn6sio6 in rher ,J!. and:.diftcrions, ffiperiv.ty.

SDlfii Wnh lhe :-nis cho*d as rhorctcnne dkdion olprdDagalion": Fns. fof rM*? nodes,&s 00 ,t rhrooeh00 ,c9 sho* rhd mith n id , mi be rrEqmodes,Eqs.(10r02)throushl0 306) i showthd eirhtrD d i (bd nd both' md i) on be Zrc. brt ihd p nnd be zero.Thus rhe nod* of lhe loRc\$ ords6 arc M rnd rE modes siven Eq.(10 r0l). n by frcquhcyis

## d) For a > b > d: Thc lov*r con!

,

! =;./-

"11 I
r ii

l r on 1 )
andTEr!, n rh. donim mode. (imdy, -rM,,o.rEo|, and c) For 4 = b = d,a[ rhc or r|t be61-od( modes TE,!r)hdvcrhcsme6dd patdns Tnercsoi\$r

r0-?.2 aualnY rAmR o. Gurr modeprftrn. In any pndical ovi an rE! Ina qtalit! Jud,

## Tim..*-:gecnagr ,ruuJ d a 6onJd frcqueocy

w=w.+w^

0 01 4 )

lstic and masndic 6clds, !h. rim+rvense powerdissipared the e'viry, thenlhc cidlJ in

## dnslpabd oncpsnod r,dtvid.d by trcquency, Eq.(10 3ll).anbcsri&n in is and

o=fl ,'**-*,,.
In ddcminins d,e q or a caviiy ar s rcson r trcqu.n.y, ir is cNonuy m rsme rhar ihe lo\$ is smanenoushro i[o{ rhe tr\$ ot rhe lietd p4cms wnhou ro\$. weN'rrno! findiheq ofm / x, \ d csviqlor theTEr0,modrihar|Esrh@ mnzro licldmmpmen\$sivm r Ers (r0 307),00r\$tlnd(10 r09). Therime

v = +t E , . r ,
. o . i d t r : . . ,r " r , n
=

.r,,"6rrr"\,r,1,1,..,.,,.
I . d A6d / 'di

## havs used/,' : (r/a)? rrom E r. { 10 300).rhe rorat lin+averase no rcd

^'(:r.,,r(;rld./,"
=ry
.,)';

';rrt{#""r(;.)

(;)

*.ro(I ",{}(t,(t.(r(u
f,",

## Sub(nuiion olr!, rrcmEq.00 r E nEq (0 }6)pro\e5 ltrr r rre ?rr,,/

n = : w " = r t r ,= r - , 6 d { :
. \ ,

+ I /I

## 4 " "= r p , , R , - i ) H , , R " ,

whtru t', dciors lhc masii.ude of rh. bncmrial conp.nenr or rhe nasndic n.ld n the : = d (back)vall is the sane asrhrt in the ii : = 0lfrcnr)wdl. Sinibnx rhcpovn loss rher:4(.ft) sdl h rh. smc s rhd ii rhcr = 0 (nght)vrlljsndihc posd los in 'he)= t (uppd)wdln th. eme A tlEr i. rheI = 0 (lo*er)Nall we have

## =".{f a.r, ay.lj.l,"a.r, =orp4a' .lj =orpa

"P{+(:.1).,(:.)}
U s i nE q s( 1 03 1 9 ) a n d ( 1 0 1 ) iE q . ( 1 0l 5 ) , * e o b r a i n c 32 n r

## r J,l ',"'^"r I; 1;i;'.',','t

s-,
wheE/,0, hasb*n eivm ii Eq.00 313) '6 (l) whd should b. rhe siz or a ho[o{ cubic ovity madeot copp{ in oder lor ir to hrve a dominxnt rc\$nmr tequencyof l0 iGHz)-,(b) Find ihe 0 ar (ha! ft{rucicy.

, ) F o r r . u b i . . r v n y , ,t:: r F r c

.fr"
,/t ro"
qvny rduc.s ro b) The.rp(*ion oI0 in Eq (r0 322) ! cubic for c r c ,=

## For.oppei d = 5.30 10'6/nI s. hsle x

\ 3

^- ,

wnh d'aroL highin .ompansot Esonrloris thusextemely Thc q or r cavity circurs. ln prrdiq !h. prctdine vrlm is sone' taimble frcn lumpsdL C rusomm led.onn{rioN andsu rce nrcguhrirics {hat lowo{ing ro los*s throush

In abanntrrmilaro thscdn\$rn sular {aveguidc,a cn.uhr cylindncalrcsonalormn be fomed hy pla.ine con duding {rlk a! borhendsoI a cylindricalvrv.cdde For simplicitv,hr trsconsider ormdius rt drofl\$ rh rher n no rari._ a rhcTMo,nodein r cncuk *avcguide rton in the : dicrion Thc endsor rhe *av.8ujd. rr shonedby ond uctingprries -rb!ri.ldcomponenb rtadkhn*r(<2a)rpan,Ioming!citdarcylindricalflYi.v iosidclhccrlnyaf,nonEqs.(10 213)rnd(10r2a)by \$dns | = 0 aM Eallrns

a".,"(r")=."r"(1qr,
4.404:,,+',(Tl
J,\rl)hss btrn u*d. rhc detic rnd nasMic field panermfo heTMo,orode rhecncul cavityin in bolhtnnsv.* t4)and00 rr5lisainrhd 10 25.NoGrDh Eqs.(10

ri'(i(@:)"))
'--'--:--:z " ' l
T

r"-+1ji /,;,;")\",

i" aft theelecdcand nagndi. fields i' iimequado(uc resuhins no po{d los In adual,ry aviry lalh do hrle rhe rsj{an.d rhen will bep.** los in theRd|| lDd thc.r!iq q r Dor'nhnit. ro rollo* rbesameproadurc\lhrr cdculrb rlt crviry9, *L applyEq (10 311)snd nsulir rcsona.or {illr\$me rl'ar Wc Ndin rhcpr.cdine sub*dionror thereda rs a .hc fidd imcisni.slnsid. lowlo\$ crvityrcmiin.pprorifrdelyrdesame tbo\$ Leruslind rbe9 olaci\$hr.yjnd Eqs.il0 l2a)aidl10 r25). TMr,0modc Thc nddcomponeibhrk beensivenin

:*,-,f,;(#)'"
=* ," [",,1,.*,]
hy Theav{asc po{d los pd unitara is Eiven El. ilo 120)HcrcH,: r', md n rheld crd rr@s.nd bifom Lonetrudiml ol(hcciliid .al {alk w. hrle \$ re.drcnh J. on theinsidc

ii"

## ' ,,=it,,l' *', - '-," tt

=o,f =,,r.l: ra. r r"ora.r, l; .,,r,
= r1:! k + dpieao:1
in Eqs rnd1ro r27) Eq (10 rlsl*e obhin subnirulins r10 126)

: ff {'i;";(rf")' t r'o',;'*'r}
t: (^t),','l'r'r' ,''","^0",.

pro.,=![,r,".(,

## " *":"'"^''' +)'''1""

vhcto R" = !kIJ; is ro becaicurared rhercsommtuq!.icy ror lhc TM01omode, sr vhichx, rromEqs.ilo 227)andilo 223),

A hollo .n.ular . vlindri.al w .ryily nonar or is to beconnrned ol copp{ such Iharirsl.ngrhI equls iis dilmcrr 2a.(d)Ddermine rnd d lor s a (b) aonanr ft.qucn.y l0 (cHz) ai rherMo,. mode. FindtheQ orrh..ayiry ar oI

## r) FmmEq.00 t9)wc harc

d = r 1 5x r 0 _ , ( m ) =r . i 5 ( c m ) .

!t!

## Frod Eq.(10 r13)*c obirin

- / v = 1r.61; \ to-/
in ofrhjs cnhpb *nh rho* obrain.d Bonalorof aconFlrablcstctharrso' naGsrr rhe sane lrequencY.

r ?

We \$c thai ih.* iwo ovities hrye apEoximatly the samevolumq but the toirl sudac are or the rcdan8ular@vily G about 3.22 larcd. Tbc larsd \$rfae rFa le s to a hish* poeer los snd a lo*tr P rh. q of th. cnol\$ dvjty n rpp6xindery 3.r% hi\$*

## n.r0-i0 whr ar ?i94,rro4 orI b.u

o Fd I Fop,sdhs rEM vr9 b) For a pmp3\$tiq rM srre? o Fo! ! prcPasrig rE lM! R.lo 15 wh.' is 'h. lsdmsrt. ora p Ero 16 cd orc rr iron { @ I das p,op.e'iis n.i. rrcn ns @ / disgtum R'loIswhdnnadbyan?'!r,mo,': nodeo|,sA|].|pldevs.gudd

r0\$alsdois vl!.rh3rh r (d) prolleLc i ! prd d-nh& cnll 2 (mlr Erphh drM!,rM,. rM. (n > i). rid rE, nod6 r !

## odcu ! rNbrcdu vaquide rG), >b.

oviljrcsomlolo|djn.isiois.xbx/!olTE-|nod.sr

o, be hth(q

rold by

## "r r"= -|1'r,r. tt r"virr,

..1",p, r,a.1

|r'',a.*".r., ",r.r
b dd giwo hEq.lro r)

, prordc uor6t .ircte dbsftff rerdiis !!/l {d l'lk rcnus tt r pbr 6 uiivd*r crupB or r!p. t/t, dd ,r, Ers //I. o had !,ri. ,r!. ,*, and ,Jr r / = r.rt P.r0-3 sGrb dto tdbconsora s hdssG,rlror TMj,rMl, aodrMj moes. t bP r d (h. sErirre Frundt h) *hdho rhe sme .rrra !ppr' ro rE nod4

## ,.=5mx10,(s/n) spu.d 6yx5kn)\$d tosy di.rdlrirE,= 1x,, = I,o= r0 Dls/m).rnran

t, 11.) L. , nd,ro d r.rMnoe.t r Pro e ReFr Probrn p.10 3 6rta).hertrr nodc{d ib) rhertrr hodc r) itrd de frc{u{cy lh Eos or rh! ebtr rqBrcy /.) d !hj!h rhc drrudioi b) obRi! 6c 6mra for 'hn miinrn - r) cnorar ifih niitnun 4 6' 'her .opp.i and sPaed 5 (m) ip,n u lir Psij^@nlHer{.w44udemtdeol''dPdcdlycoddiigii|i[!Fulpiqg I tn) aFi ii !n op6* r ! nsNiq r0lcts, Fhd rhen.rinun !i!r.ds4se

4 rMlj ood. byai *r\$6n dFis r0 1r1r). q rEji nods by !n qrm oi of r'ts 10 rr1d.

ror \$c \$dae 4 ddiE iEd!6ioN t) *dch mcsu iadria\$onr|tqi dinsd{ ! 6=r!o(@t shd nod! ryF a v!*gr idc h!5 dinfllooi 4 : 7 21 (cn)

t) r= Iol.n)

t) i=5(mJ

\$c ldotr frcqN@s

## (h b@r d rhc cdod

Mir.a|dTM!(r)

t a - : 1 , r i d l b )i r ! = ,

P.0 r7 A^ arrird 4 x r(r< x <:r) (cH, i ihedonhair no otsErrr r) ciE s rrpi.n d.siai lor rh. dlnhsios ! hd b

* s d a r r , t r , i , , ! [ d z f t . f o r! , 5 ( @ t x i 5 k n ) rcda4r( !{ccudc oPfu4 r ? r (GE, .) lfrh. \rqrideis hollo*, r) tr thc w!rcglidc \$ ftd vrh a ddrdrd mdrm lha@rrud by E,: 1 /, = r dincEd6 4 = x20 kn) !d 6 = r10(@)opco\$s ia rqrcrcy r (cH, h mc donDd mod!.Findti)I. (b)i. lcr4. iDd idr' Fws of | (kwr r' i0 (aH, k b bedurud , u {.m! i dc oppe *aksuid. r (in)loigand ha igsdd o = ,25 (o) andr= r mkn) Fud r) 'he dtrudion coa'ad de b @Ddrcbrbs\$, i) rh. mlinur aLs or dE dcdr e P.r0-i0 An ie4. o tc nuinun_!!ru. d Lh.\$drc tu d) sc bbranou de,osc polq d ro(cuz)*da3e @*s tlFr sn h. tmD(d dc i=rr(w1,6= 1i0(@) d 6crEro Pro , turftic d. !r[E or l//i] r

nhinun obbrahh 1. u a , (cnl x 1(m) gu&! A1'hd tuq*mtl P.0 t3 DqicEq.lr0 133l,lh.Ioffi a tor rhea({mrior m ebr'h!rMlr nodc Ddqhicrhr*rueoiulL)

## uariomii sinpr ncdi4 E,iry trq.(ro 19l fof

ldd[mil''ei.i]tlNgfp]ato r) JorrM! noe bi an *ENbn dFi& r0 :0,,!d c) Ddffmiie ft qbfl rrcqumid br r Pro ,3 sk.h ir c, !) rftvr4 dignft 6! r

de i r,rrd Pirrraioin

r) vndhe aoDrcenrc qpre\$6! of ,! ror rM ndd, b) eric ihe aeemeiift qpre\$ioi of r! ior rE noder 0 Erpkii hov thc osmYatu6 or 'h. rc

P.n r Fidd.sorurrotudEq.00 ,60) i, bydorii3 trqs00 rrland(r0-2J3) 6, n'h d/P EnN r//, br, = r lcDr r,= r25 iri.)r = rm (Msz), atrd lnd lb)/ : s0 (MH4 DdemineI rid q fd Eq.00 26r)wid aD youmidud.abod6.

, : . , ;;.-

## ":=r,l_,;J ,h*r"=,,F;-d t"=.re. .* 5l.') -d d hrr_-.'it"r,i

d rheadrc roranoP.oriia lrcqr.i.v or 1I (Msz) i d. d.b.* "dr* i^,htaF,*d Ddie Eq (t0 23r) rovqrft'sFc rcgiois uiiire diLdncshb Gr,stl dr rhickmsa dd s

!) whd sre thc prcpasris nddtr ad rhn de td. b) obhi 'he Dhns qprcsioN b! 'he snaF ofti'

'dihFn'!Fnog'ro'

d'i,.

",a."-

. r| " " h ,

lor 'hsc no&s osh! 4virv Eedror {irh dinssiois 3 (nl x 6 (cn) x 5 Gm),dtrd rh. iBt rvd* low rrh brus ldk-q /o, d = I t x r0r ls/n) b) obftii rhedumGrisric lqclioi \$o b) Fiid ,he 0 snd rlE tin.Nde ftsomd tqu.io. dshrs t. 'o rx 0 I lA/n)

r) rhc rsoian' fEqwd4 oI rhedoni\$fi h) ri" @, "-d d.a,'. -d * "i 'h" t..*..e Nsnig sq ro be0 1(Aln)

ndq

"i '"^a".4,-".
b) obrfi o qprcsior b' q * . rurcnor oI 4/b udq 'ht Nboe oidihs

r) 4hnlRi. irs0 ror rlr 16,0, nod. iI irsdimrnsiotrs =/= rlb = r6 GmI arer t) ddsni!. hov neh, should ii.msed ii oidd io mr.0 20x hti.r e P.r0-4 Deow atr qPlsion br 'tu a .) wnc 'h. sornrroesior tor 6!

olol'ucharc\$mtorhsioYihFs'|0.2''h & mno* cds lai md ,h. iidldm !) 'hc lpPtunmrk Gdnd n quhq, b) ihe apprcim.e Boi.ir wrd{sri

;f*"

Lrn_ l
i-'r

r--r I rn L+_f