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Proctored Mock CAT 8


MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
Proctored Mock CAT 8
Answers and Explanations
1 d 2 b 3 b 4 c 5 a 6 a 7 a 8 d 9 c 10 c
11 d 12 b 13 a 14 d 15 c 16 c 17 b 18 c 19 c 20 c
21 a 22 b 23 d 24 d 25 a 26 d 27 d 28 d 29 b 30 b
31 d 32 b 33 b 34 c 35 a 36 b 37 d 38 d 39 c 40 b
41 c 42 a 43 c 44 b 45 c 46 a 47 b 48 b 49 a 50 b
51 a 52 d 53 b 54 a 55 a 56 d 57 a 58 a 59 d 60 c
Page 2
Proctored Mock CAT 8
MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
1. d 1800 = 2
3
3
2
5
2
The factors that end with 5 will have 0, 1, or 2 as the
power of 3 and 1 or 2 as the power of 5. So the sum
of these factors will be (3
0
+ 3
1
+ 3
2
).(5
1
+ 5
2
) = 390.
2. b
80
40 40
80 2R
R R
(2R)
2
= (80 2R)
2
+ 40
2
4R
2
= 6400 + 4R
2
320R + 1600
320R = 8000
R = 25 m
Area of two semicircular cloth pieces = 2
1
2

2
R

2
(25)
625 sq m
So the area (in sq m) of the cloth left = 3200 625
3. b The least value of the expression | x 2 | + | x + 3 | +
| x 5 | + | x 8 | is 14.
This is valid as long as x takes any value from x = 2 to
x = 5. Since we have to find only integer values of x
there will be 4 such values.
If x takes any other integer value, the value of the
expression would either be 16 or more than 16. E.g. If
x = 1 or 6, the value of the expression becomes 16.
4. c Since he earns Rs 1200 as compound interest for the
1st year and Rs 2880 as compound interest for 2
years, he earns Rs 480 extra in the 2nd year, which is
the interest on the interest of the 1st year.
i.e.
1200 R 1
480
100

R = 40%
Let P be the amount that he deposited in Parajaya
Bank.
So
P 40 1
1200
100

P = Rs 3000
Let A be the amount that he deposited in Lena Bank.
So
A 20 1
3000 A
100

+
1
3000 A A
5
+
6
A 3000
5

A = Rs 2500
5. a HCF of 108, 120 and 72 = 12
HCF of 108, 120 and 96 = 12
HCF of 108, 72 and 96 = 12
HCF of 120, 72 and 96 = 24
Clearly the three courses must be B, C and D and
number of rooms must be
120 72 96
+ + + 1
24 24 24
(where
all the students of course A sit).
= 5 + 3 + 4 + 1 = 13
6. a It is clear that a cannot be zero.
There are two cases:-
Case 1: If none of the two digits b and c is zero. The
three digits from the remaining 9 digits can be chosen
in
9
C
3
ways and can be put in strictly increasing or
decreasing order (2 ways).
Case 2: If one of the digits b and c is zero. It can be
observed that only c can take the value zero. The
remaining two digits a and b can be chosen in
9
C
2
ways and they have to be put only in strictly decreasing
order (So they are not to be permuted).
So the answer is 2
9
C
3
+
9
C
2
.
7. a
P Q
R S





M
a
b
(0, 0) (a, 0)
(a + bcos , bsin )
(bcos , bsin )
Let us assume P as the origin and Q as a point on the
x-axis (see the figure).
Also, let PQ = a and PS = b.
If SPQ then co-ordinates for


+
P (0,0)
Q (a,0)
S (bcos , bsin )
R (a bcos , bsin )
Let the co-ordinates of the point of intersection of the
diagonals of PQRS be M (x, y). It is known that SQ
bisects PR at M (as PQRS is a parallelogram).
Hence
a bcos bsin
M , (x, y)
2 2
+ _


,
Page 3
Proctored Mock CAT 8
MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
a bcos 2x a
x cos
2 b
+

...(i)
bsin 2y
y sin
2 b


...(ii)
From (i) and (ii):
2 2
2 2
2x a 2y
cos + sin 1
b b
_ _
+

, ,
( )
2 2
2 a b
x y 0
2 2
_ _
+

, ,
The equation given above is that of a circle with centre
a
,0
2
_

,
and radius
b
.
2
8. d Let V and SA be the volume and the surface area of
the spheres.

Y
X
V 27
V 1

3
Y
3
X
4
R
27
3
4
1
R
3

Y
X
R 3
R 1

2
Y
2
X
4 R 9
1
4 R

Y
X
SA 9
SA 1
Hence, the surface area of X is 88.89% lower than
the surface area of Y.
9. c Let ABCD be the quadrilateral and AB = 6 cm and
BC = 8 cm.
It should be noticed that two such cyclic quadilaterals
ABCD are possible where AB = 6 cm and BC = 8 cm.
To understand this draw a chord of length 8 cm (BC)
in the circle with radius 5 cm. Now AB can be drawn
either on the major arc BC or on the minor arc BC. But
since the question asks for maximum possible area
will consider the first case where ABC forms a right
angled triangle and the hypotenuse is 10 cm (the
diameter of the circumcircle of ABCD).
Area of triangle
8
ABC = 6 = 24
2
sq cm
The maximum possible area of triangle ACD
10
= 5 = 25 sq cm
2
(when the triangle becomes
isosceles).
The maximum possible total area = 49 sq cm
10. c The Co-ordinates of:
a
D ,0
2
_


,
a b
E ,
2 2
_


,
Slope of the line passing through A and D:
( ) b 0 2b
a a
0
2


,
Slope of the line passing through B and E:
b
0
b 2
a a
0
2
_


,
As the two lines need to be perpendicular:
2b b
1
a a
_ _


, ,
a 2b or 2b
11. d It is given that the number of games played was the
maximum possible. Let there be n players from
Dakistan and m players from Pagladesh.

n m
3 3
C 455 and C 120
n(n 1) (n 2) = 2730 and m(m 1) (m 2) = 720
n = 15 and m = 10
The number of games involving at least one player
each from Dakistan and Pagladesh
n m m n
2 1 2 1
C C C C +
15 10 10 15
2 1 2 1
C C C C +
= 1050 + 675 = 1725
12. b The sum of all the coefficients of the polynomial can
be obtained by putting x = 1 in the polynomial.
The required sum comes out to be
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
6 2 3 3 2 3
1 3 2 1 2 3 + +
= 9 8 108 = 107
13. a Sum of the first j natural numbers
j(j 1)
.
2
+

Average of the first j natural numbers


j 1
.
2
+

So the average is either an integer or half of an inte-


ger.
The final average is
1
21 .
3
So the numbers that are left
must be divisible by 3.
Page 4
Proctored Mock CAT 8
MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
When we erase two consecutive integers the average
of the remaining numbers would either increase or
decrease depending upon the numbers erased. The
maximum change in the average can be +1 or 1.
So the initial average should have been one of 20.5,
21, 21.5 or 22. As this is the average of the first n
consecutive numbers, n would be one of 40, 41, 42 or
43. Since only 41 2 = 39 is divisible by 3, there were
41 numbers initially and the initial average was 21.
So if the two numbers that are removed are 21 K
and 21 ( K + 1), the increase of
1 (2K + 1)
= .
3 39
K = 6
So the two numbers that are removed are 14 and 15.
Their product is 210.
14. d If we multiply and divide the series by 20! we get:
1
20!
_

,
(
20
C
1
+
20
C
3
+
20
C
5
+ ..
20
C
19
)
19
2
=
20!
(By putting x = 1 in the expansion of (1 + x)
20
)
Hence, a + b = 19 + 20 = 39.
15. c The total number of ways of putting the letters into the
envelopes is 501!.
The number of ways of selecting the 4 letters which
go into the incorrect envelopes is
501
4
C .
The number of ways for n letters and n envelopes
such that each goes into the wrong envelope is
n
1 1 1 1
n! 1 ...... ( 1) .
1! 2! 3! n!
1
+ + +
1
]
The number of ways for 4 letters and 4 envelopes
such that each goes into the wrong envelope
=
1 1 1 1
4! 1 12 4 1 9
1! 2! 3! 4!
1
+ + +
1
]
Hence, the answer is

501
4
9 C
501!
.
16. c Let they meet at point C which is between A (Home)
and B (School). Shantanu must have travelled for 13
minutes to reach C. Hence, distance AC
6 13
= 13 km = km
60 10
Also, Alok travelled AB at a speed of 8 kmph and
13
AB
10
at a speed of 5 kmph in a total of 19.5
minutes. Hence,
_

,
60 13 60
AB + AB = 19.5
8 10 5

9
AB = k m
5
17. b 180 = 2
2
x 3
2
x 5.
The maximum number of elements in the set can be 5
only. One of the sets is {4, 6, 9, 10, 15}.
18. c Multiplying the LHS and the RHS of the given equations
a
3
b
3
c
3
d
3
= a b c d
( )
2 2 2 2
a b c d a b c d 1 0
This is possible only if the product of a, b, c and d is
1, 0 or 1. So either (a, b, c, d) are all 1 or all 0 or all
1. Also, if two of them are 1 and the other two are
1, the given condition still holds true. Since these are
ordered sets, this can be done in 6 ways. Hence, the
answer is 9.
19. c If P + Q + R is 9 i.e. odd, then either all of P, Q, R are odd
or two of them are even and one is odd. Since we
already have 4 odd digits as V, W, X, Y, all three of P,
Q and R cannot be odd.
If V, W, X, Y are consecutive odd digits, the odd digit
among P, Q and R can be 1 only. So the sum of the
remaining two digits among P, Q and R is 8 which is
possible as 0 + 8 only (because S, T and U are
consecutive even digits).
Hence, P = 8, Q = 1, R = 0, S = 6, T = 4, U = 2, V = 9,
W = 7, X = 5 and Y = 3. So the required answer is
0 + 6 + 4 = 10.
20. c
A
C
B
E
D
(Z)
3 m
3 m
3 m
(X)
(Y) F
By the time ant X reaches B, ant Y reaches D and ant
Z reaches E (See the figure).
BD = 3 m and DC = 4 3 = 1 m.
Also, EC = Distance covered by ant Z = 3 m.
As triangle EFC and triangle ABC are similar:
AB 9
EF = EC = m.
AC 5
_

,
Also,
BC 12
FC = EC = m.
AC 5
_

,
So,
7
FD = FC DC = m.
5

2 2
81 + 49 130 26
ED = [(EF) + (FD) ] = = = m
25 25 5
1 1
1 1
] ]
Page 5
Proctored Mock CAT 8
MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
21. a AWG and corresponding CSI when T2 is mixed with
T1, T3, T4 and T5:
T2 and T1:
+

45 24 90 8
56.25
32
So CSI = 70
T2 and T3:
+

45 24 70 16
55.00
40
So CSI = 70
T2 and T4:
45 24 65 32
56.43
56
+
So CSI = 70
T2 and T5:
+

45 24 85 20
63.18
44
So CSI = 80
22. b SPR for T1, T2 and T3 = 12.17
SPR for T2, T3 and T4 = 14.44
SPR for T3, T4 and T5 = 16.06
SPR for T1, T4 and T5 = 17.27
Only one of the four mixtures i.e. T2, T3 and T4 has
SPR between 13 and 15. Also, it can be easily seen
from the tables that CSI of that mixture would definitely
be at least 70 as AWG would be much more than 50.
23. d The table gives data about the average weight per
chocolate for each of the boxes. However, this is not
sufficient to calculate the average weight if only 4
chocolates are picked from T1 and 3 are picked from
T2. The average weight of this mixture would depend
upon the actual weights of the chocolates that have
been picked. Hence, the CSI of the mixture cannot be
determined.
24. d 1 2 3 4 5
Xavi(X) Iniesta(I) Villa(V) Torres(T) Casillas(C)
After they shift, the required sum will be minimum
possible i.e. 6 in case of these four arrangements:
1 2 3 4 5
I X C V T
I X T C V
I V X C T
V X I C T
So the number of friends sitting between Xavi and
Iniesta is either 0 or 1.
25. a Let: Abhas (A) Golu (G) Nagendra (N) Puneet (P)
Saral (S) Vikas (V)
Abhas must have won his match as he is ranked 1.
Also, exactly one out of Golu and Nagendra lost his
match.
One of the following pairs must be true:
(i) A G
(ii) A N
(iii) G N
The following combinations are possible:
From (i)
Case I. A G, P V and N S
From (ii)
Case II. A N, G P and S V
Case III. A N, G S and P V
From (iii)
Case IV. G N, A P and S V
Case V. G N, A S and P V
From Statement A:
Only Case I follows. So the question can be answered
using A alone.
From Statement B:
Only Case V follows. So the question can be an-
swered using B alone.
Page 6
Proctored Mock CAT 8
MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
For questions 26 to 29:
The total number of matches played were
7
C
2
= 21.
Hence, the number of matches played on each day must be 7.
The number of matches won by each of the seven players is distinct. So they must be distinct integers from 0 to 6.
From the information given in the question the following table can be made:

A B C D E F G
A W
Tue
W
Wed
L
Wed

B W
Tue
W
Tue
W
Tue
W
Wed
W
Wed

C L
Tue
L
Wed
W
Tue
W
Mon
L
Wed

D L
Tue
W
Wed
W
Wed
W
Mon

E L
Tue
L
Tue
L
Tue
L
Wed
W
Mon

F L
Wed
L
Wed
L
Mon
L
Mon
L
Mon
L
Mon

Read in
this
direction
-------->
(L = Lost,
W = Won)
G W
Wed
L
Wed
W
Wed
W
Mon


The first piece of information F lost to C, D, E and G on Monday has been highlighted.
Further,
(i) G won two matches on Tuesday. The table clearly indicates these two matches must be the ones against D and E as only
those two cells are left blank for G.
(ii) The three matches played by A against B, C and D must have all taken place on Monday only as the information is given only
about 4 matches for Monday. Also, C must have lost to A as it is given that C did not win more than 1 match on Monday. B must
have won against A on Monday as each of the other six players has lost at least 1 game (see the table).
Once the above has been concluded we can see that the number of matches won by G, F, E, B and C must be 5, 0, 1, 6 and 2
respectively. However, we cannot determine the winner of the game between A and D as both the possibilities satisfy all the
given conditions.
So the final table would look like this:

A B C D E F G
Total
Matches
Won
A L
Mon
W
Mon
? W
Tue
W
Wed
L
Wed
3 or 4
B W
Mon
W
Tue
W
Tue
W
Tue
W
Wed
W
Wed
6
C L
Mon
L
Tue
L
Wed
W
Tue
W
Mon
L
Wed
2
D ? L
Tue
W
Wed
W
Wed
W
Mon
L
Tue
4 or 3
E L
Tue
L
Tue
L
Tue
L
Wed
W
Mon
L
Tue
1
F L
Wed
L
Wed
L
Mon
L
Mon
L
Mon
L
Mon
0
Read in
this
direction
-------->
(L = Lost,
W = Won)
G W
Wed
L
Wed
W
Wed
W
Tue
W
Tue
W
Mon
5

Page 7
Proctored Mock CAT 8
MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
26. d B won the highest number of matches i.e. 6.
27. d The player who won two or more matches on Monday
can be either A or D.
28. d On Tuesday and Wednesday combined, B won 5 while
D won 2 matches. So the answer will be 5 + 2 = 7.
29. b The maximum number of matches won by a single
player on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday was 2, 3
(for B) and 2 respectively. So, the answer must be 1
as it was only Tuesday when a player won more than
2 matches.
For questions 30 to 32:
In the speed-time graph:
Distance = Area under the curve
Distance covered in the first 10 seconds
1
28 5 28 5 210 metres
2
+
Hence, the distance covered between t = 10 and t = 15 seconds
= 320 210 = 110 m
Let the speed at t = 15 seconds = V
15
Distance
28 V
5 110
2
+


15
V 16m/ s
Let the speed at t = 20, 25, 30 secs be V
20
, V
25
, V
30
.
From the bar chart:
Distance traveled between t = 15 seconds and t = 20 seconds
= 60 m.
( ) ( )
15 20 20
V V 5 16 V 5
2 2
+ +

V
20
= 8 m/s
Similarly,
( )
20 25
V V 5
80
2
+

25
V 24m/ s
25 30
V V
5 70
2
+ _


,
V
30
= 4 m/s
The complete speedtime graph for first 30 seconds can be
given as:
4
8
16
24
28
O 5 10 15 20 25 30
A B
C
D
E
F
30. b
31. d
32. b The distance travelled between t = 8 seconds and
t = 10 seconds = 28 (10 8) = 56 m
The distance travelled between t = 10 seconds and
t = 15 seconds = 110 m (calculated earlier)
The distance travelled between t = 15 seconds and
t = 20 seconds = 60 m (given in bar graph)
The distance travelled between t = 20 secs and t = 24
secs:
8
D
D`
P
E
P` E`
20 24 25
24
We need to find the area of DD'P'P
PP' = ( )
4
24 8 8 20.8m
5
+
Area DDP'P =
( ) 4 8 20.8
57.6m
2
+

Average speed =
56 110 60 57.6
17.725m/ s
24 8
+ + +

Page 8
Proctored Mock CAT 8
MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
For questions 33 and 34:
33. b If C is the number of total packets consumed, the total
wastage = 15000 C
As per the question,
1
15000 C C
5

C 12500
Wastage in Tootanagar = 2700 2500 = 200 packets
Hence, the required percentage
200
100 8%
2500

34. c If the total consumption is C packets
Wastage in Chintapur
7
5700 C
20

Consumption of packets in Tootanagar
1
C
5

So
7 3
5700 C C
20 5

C 6000
Wastage in Kohramabad = 6600 2700 = 3900
Wastage in Tootanagar = 2700 1200 = 1500
So the ratio = 3900 : 1500 = 13 : 5
35. a A linear function can be strictly increasing or strictly
decreasing or constant.
From the data given in Statement A:
If f(1) f(2) and f(3) f(2) , the linear function has to
be a constant function where the coefficient of x is 0.
So f(x) is a constant function. If f(0) = 5, f(x) = 5.
From the data given in Statement B:
We can only say that it is an increasing linear function.
But the value of f(5) cannot be determined.
For question 36 to 38:
Let the number assigned to A, B, C, D and E be a, b, c, d and e
respectively.
Let the numbers called by Smith be C1, C2, C3, C4.C7 in the
order of the calls made.
C1 and C2:
C1 + C2 = 30 (given)
Out of 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6: 3 numbers (b, d and e) divide C1 and 4
numbers (b, c, d and e) divide C2.
Neither C1 nor C2 can be divisible by 5 as otherwise the above
Statement wont be true (check for the values 5 and 25 and
10 and 20).
Hence, a = 5.
c,d and e must be 3, 4 and 6 (not necessarily in that order).
b = 2 (given)
So C1 and C2 must be multiples of 6 and 12 respectively.
Simple observation tells that C1 must be 18 (divisible by 2, 3
and 6) and C2 must be 12 (divisible by 2, 3, 4 and 6).
Hence, c = 4.
C1, C2 and C5 are divisible by both d and e.
Hence, d, e = 3, 6 (not necessarily in that order).
Now, C3 + C4 + C5 + C6 + C7 = 100 30 = 70
Four of the above five are greater than 10. Hence, none of the
five can be greater than 30. .(conclusion 1)
C3:
C3 can be 5, 35, 55 etc.
But from conclusion 1, C3 must be 5 only.
C4:
C4 is definitely a prime number greater than 10.
C5:
C5 is a multiple of 2, 3, 4 and 6 i.e. 12, 24, 36 etc. From
conclusion 1 and the fact that C2 = 12:
C5 = 24
C6:
C6 can only be 10.
C7:
C7 must be a prime (greater than 6) multiple of 2.
C7 can be 14, 22 etc.
Now, C1 + C2 + C3 + C4 + C5 + C6 + C7 = 100
18 + 12 + 5 + C4 + 24 + 10 + C7 = 100
C4 + C7 = 31
Only possible values for C4 and C7 are 17 and 14.
Page 9
Proctored Mock CAT 8
MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
36. b
37. d
38. d 45 = 3
2
.5 (using prime factorisation)
Hence, A (as a = 5) will definitely raise his hand. One
person out of D and E has the number 3 assigned to
him. So it cannot be determined exactly who will raise
his hand along with A.
39. c From statement A:
We can say that
p q
N a b (where a and b are prime),
with which we cannot conclude anything about the
perfect square factors of N as p and q are unknown.
From statement B:
N has 9 distinct composite factors. The statement is
insufficient as we dont know how many prime factors
does N have.
Combining the statements A and B:
N is of form:
p q
N a b and has nine distinct composite
factors.
So total factors of N = Prime factors + Composite
factors + 1 = 2 + 9 + 1 = 12.
But N cannot be uniquely expressed as p, q can have
multiple sets of values.
So the question cannot be answered even after
combining the two statements.
40. b Let the three teams be T1, T2 and T3
E, F and G must be in different teams. Lets assume
that they are in T1, T2 and T3 respectively.
As A and G are in the same team, A must be in T3.
As B and C are in the same team so they can be either
in T1 or T2. If B and C are in T1 then D must be in T2
and vice-versa.
D is always in a 2-member team (either T1 or T2).
Also, A and G will always form a 2-member team T3.
So A, D and G are always in a team with exactly 2
members.
41. c All the other options are supported by the passage.
Option (a) can be inferred from the lines Books require
a certain quiet, a solitude that is all the more valuable
for the way it can be achieved in public. Option (b) is
supported by the lines I was always under the
impression that books served a dual purpose: not
only do they offer a world to enter, but also they offer
an affordable means of escape from the world were
in. Option (d) can also be inferred from The place of
stillness that you have to go to to write, but also to
read seriously, is the point where you can actually
make responsible decisions, where you can actually
engage productively with an otherwise scary and
unmanageable world.
42. a The author discusses this instance to highlight the
fact that he/she does not consider the mode of delivery
to be important. Refer to the lines The problem here
is not with the e-book. Im in favour of any mode of
literature delivery. Option (b) is incorrect. The author
does mention e-books but that is not the central point
he/she is trying to make through this example. Options
(c) and (d) are also mentioned, but again that is not
what the author wants to highlight through this example.
43. c The author starts the discussion by mentioning e-books
and how they contrast with the traditional modes of
reading. However the central idea is what exactly
characterizes the process of reading. And the author
then goes on to describe several different aspects of
reading, e.g. the way it provides an escape, or the
way it gives us a place of stillness. Option (d) can be
considered, but the focus of the author is not on why
reading is important, rather he/she is more intent on
describing the process of reading and the benefits of
the same.
44. b The answer can be inferred from the lines The
constant barrage of information Mr Franzen
describes makes the insularity of a good book all the
more valuable, like an antidote.
45. c Statement C has to be the opening sentence as it
provides the background to the rest of the discussion.
There is also a link between statements A and D.
46. a Statements E and C form a mandatory pair and have to
come together. But the deciding factor here is the
mandatory pair of (D-A). Both statements talk about
continuity. the policy landscape looks mostly the
way it did over the last few decades in D and
Were still a closely divided nation in A.
47. b The correct usage should have been close in on. It
means To advance on a target so as to block escape.
48. b The authors tone is sarcastic throughout the passage.
Refer to lines the Great Canadian Anti-Salt Crusade
or How thoughtful!
49. a Refer to the lines towards the end of the passage
Worry, worry, worry. Since Woodward, Bernstein and
Watergate journalism schools have taught students
their job is not to be interesting, entertaining and
possibly even amusing but rather, in their role as a
sub-genre of social worker, to get to the bottom of
crises and conspiracies.
50. b The author pokes fun at this rather than supporting it.
Refer to the lines How thoughtful! From cradle to
grave via campsite, your government and its attendant
broadcast corporation are working tirelessly for you.
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MBA
Test Prep
51. a Throughout the passage the author describes the
tendency of the media to portray issues as crises.
Therefore option (a) is the best title. Options (b) and
(c) do not convey the ideas in the passage as in the
authors opinion the news stories in the passage are
not about real or important issues. Option (d) is beyond
the scope of the passage.
52. d According to the passage IT systems are not replacing
high-skilled or low-skilled workers but only those
whose jobs are routine driven and thus can be easily
mechanised. Refer to the lines Computers do not
directly compete with the abstract, analytical tasks
that many high-skilled workers do, but aid their
productivity by speeding up the more routine bits of
their jobs. But they do directly affect the need for
people like assembly-line workers or those doing
certain clerical tasks, whose jobs can be reduced to
a set of instructions which a machine can easily follow
(and which can consequently be mechanised). At the
other end of the employment spectrum, as the example
of the towel-folding robot neatly demonstrates, low-
skilled jobs may not require much education but they
are very hard to mechanise.
53. b Refer to the lines, The authors also find that once the
role of technology is accounted for, openness to trade
has no effect on the extent of polarisation. However,
the adoption of IT might itself be a function of
globalisation.
54. a IT systems are not replacing high-skilled or low-skilled
workers but only those whose jobs are routine driven
and thus can be easily mechanised.
55. a Refer to the lines The pattern was similar in countries
with very different levels of unionisation, prevalence
of collective bargaining and welfare systems.
Therefore level of unionisation is not a factor that
affects job polarisation.
56. d Option (a) is incorrect as it traces the history of the
idea. Option (b) is incorrect as it brings in the ideas of
universe, intellect and immaterial entity of which there
are no references in the paragraph. Option (c) again
brings in a new perspective (Aristotle) so it is not
appropriate. Option (d) is the correct answer as it
carries forward the contrast between the mind and
the body.
57. a Option (a) is correct as it logically takes forward the
idea of the change in phraseology used at the Oscars.
Option (b) is eliminated as it focuses on the officials
responsible for making the change and not the change
itself. Option (c) is irrelevant as the decision for the
producers has no reference in the paragraph. Option
(d) talks about the earlier format the Oscar goes to
and hence is inappropriate.
58. a The paragraph discusses societys outrage towards
terror attacks. Option (a) is a logical conclusion to the
argument .The paragraph is general in nature. Hence
option (b) and (c) can be eliminated as they talk about
retaliation. Option (d) can be eliminated as it describes
a positive fallout of terror attacks which is contradictory
to tone of the passage.
59. d Statement A has a subject verb agreement error. It
should be one of Britains best known artists.
Statement D is incorrect. The entire paragraph is in the
past tense therefore statement D should also be in the
same tense as it continues the same idea.
60. c Statement C is incorrect as it the preposition up is
incorrectly used with raised. Statement D has a subject
verb agreement error the quip... ... seems to have
some truth.