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1

3 4 D =
Write the matrix D if 8
10
3
4

8 10.
(b) Using matrices, calculate the value of x
and y that satisfy the following matrix
equation:
(a)

1 1 410 4 1 0
Given that
=
,
m2 n 2 1 0 1
find the value of m and n.
(b) Using matrices, calculate the value of x
and y that satisfy the following matrix
equation:
(a)

10 4 x = 6
2 1y 5

3 4 x = 4
8 10y 8
6
2

2 1
It is given that matrix A = 1
.
4
(a) Find the inverse matrix of A.
(b) Write the following simultaneous linear
equations as matrix equation:

Given that P =

1 0
PQ = 0 1.
(a) Find the values of x and y.
(b) Using matrices, calculate the value of x
and y that satisfy the following matrix
equation:

2x y = 10
x + 4y = 7

5 1 x = 1
3 2y 4

Hence, using matrix method, calculate


the value of x and y.
7
3

It is given that S =

3 1
and T =
10 1
n 1
1 0.
m10
such
that
ST
=
0 1
3
(a) Find the values of m and n.
(b) Write the following simultaneous linear
equations as matrix equation:

x + 5y = 5
3x 7y = 1
Hence, using matrix method, calculate
the value of x and y.
8

9
Given that 1
9
1

a
5
9

is the inverse

5 4
1 1, find the value of a.
(b) Write the following simultaneous linear
equations as matrix equation:
matrix of

It is given that the inverse matrix of


2 2 is 110 2.
8 10 p q 2
(a) Find the value of p and q.
(b) Write the following simultaneous linear
equations as matrix equation:
2x + 2y = 4
8x 10y = 10

5x 4y = 9
xy=9
Hence, using matrix method, calculate
the value of x and y.

1 5
X=
3 7

(a) Find the matrix X.


(b) Write the following simultaneous linear
equations as matrix equation:

Hence, using matrix method, calculate


the value of x and y.
(a)

X is a 2 2 matrix such that

2 0.
0 2

3x + y = 4
10x y = 6

1 2 1
5 1
, Q = x
3 2
y 5 and

Hence, using matrix method, calculate


the value of x and y.
9

It is given that X =

10 6
and Y =
5 2

2 6
1 0
such that XY = 0 1.
q

5
(a) Find the values of p and q.
(b) Write the following simultaneous linear
equations as matrix equation:

1
4 1
2(4) (1)(1)1 2
1 4 1
=
9 1 2
1
1
(4)
(1)
9
9
= 1
1
(1)
9
9 (2)
4 1
9 9
= 1 2
9 9
=

10x 6y = 8
5x + 2y = 10
Hence, using matrix method, calculate
the value of x and y.
10

Given that P =

6 2, Q = 1 n 2 and
m5 6
5 3

1
PQ = 0

0
1.
(a) Find the values of m and n.
(b) Using matrices, calculate the value of x
and y that satisfy the following matrix
equation:

Answer:
(a) D is an identity matrix.
3 4 1 0 = 3 4
8 100 1 8 10
1 0
D = 0 1
(b) 3 4 x 4
8 10y = 8
x = 1 10 44
y 2 8 3 8
x = 1 10(4) + 4(8)
y 2 8(4) + 3(8)
x = 1 72
y 2 56
1
(72)
x = 2
y
1
2 (56)
x = 36
y 28
x = 36, y = 28

(a) A1

(b) 2 1x 10
1 4 y = 7
x = 1 4 110
y 9 1 2 7
x = 1 4(10) + 1(7)
y 9 1(10) + 2(7)
x = 1 47
y 9 4
1
(47)
x
= 9
y
1
9 (4)
47

9
x
=
y
4
9
47
4
x = , y =
9
9

6 2x = 2
5 3y 3

(a) S1

1
1 1
3(1) 1(10)10 3
1 1 1
= 7
10 3
T = S1
n 1 1 1 1
m10
=
3 7 10 3
1
m = , n = 1
7
=

(b) 3 1 x 4
10 1y = 6
x = 1 1 14
y 7 10 3 6
x = 1 1(4) + (1)(6)
y 7 10(4) + 3(6)

x = 1 2
y 7 22

1
(2)
x
= 7
y
1
7 (22)
2
7
x =
y
22
7
2
22
x = , y =
7
7

(a)

9
1
9
1

1
1 4 =
5(1) (4)(1)1 5

9 a
1 59
9
1
1
1
9 (1) 9 (4) 9 a
1
= 1 59
1
9 (1) 9 (5) 9
1 4
1
9 9 9 a
1 5 = 1 59
9 9 9

a
5
9

(b) 10 4 x 6
2 1y = 5
x = 1 1 4 6
y 2 2 105
x = 1 1(6) + (4)(5)
y 2 2(6) + (10)(5)
x = 1 26
y 2 62
1
(26)
x
= 2
y
1
(62)
2
x = 13
y 31
x = 13, y = 31

1 1 4
9 1 5 =

4
a=9
(b) 5 4x 9
1 1y = 9
x = 1 1 4 9
y 9 1 59
x = 1 1(9) + 4(9)
y 9 1(9) + (5)(9)
x = 1 27
y 9 54
1
(27)
x = 9
y
1
(54)
9
x = 3
y 6
x = 3, y = 6

(a) 1 1 4
m2 n
1
1 4
=
10(1) 4(2)2 10
1 1 4
=2
2 10
m = 2, n = 10

(a) P1

1
2 1
5(2) 1(3)3 5
1 2 1
=7
3 5
Q = P1
12 1 1 2 1
x y 5 = 7 3 5
x = 7, y = 3
=

(b) 5 1 x 1
3 2y = 4
x = 1 2 11
y 7 3 54
x = 1 2(1) + (1)(4)
y 7 3(1) + (5)(4)
x = 1 6
y 7 23
1
(6)
x
= 7
y
1
7 (23)

7
x =
y 23
7


x = 4
y 7
4

6
23
x = 7 , y = 7

15
7
x = 4 , y = 4

(a)

15

Inverse matrix of

1 5
3 7
1
7 5
=
1(7) 5(3) 3 1
1 7 5
= 8
3 1
7 5
8 8
= 3 1
8 8
7 5
8 8
1
5

1 0
3 7 3 1 = 0 1
8 8
7
5
(2) (2)
8
8
2 0
1 5
= 0 2
3 7 3
1
8 (2) 8 (2)

(b) 2 2 x 4
8 10y = 10
x = 1 10 24
y 4 8 210
x = 1 10(4) + (2)(10)
y 4 8(4) + (2)(10)
x = 1 20
y 4 12
1
(20)
x = 4
y
1
4 (12)
x = 5
y 3
x = 5, y = 3

0
2

(b) 1 5 x 5
3 7y = 1
x = 1 7 55
y 8 3 1 1
x = 1 7(5) + (5)(1)
y 8 3(5) + 1(1)
x = 1 30
y 8 14
1
(30)
x = 8
y
1
8 (14)


1 5 4 4 = 2
3 7 3 1 0
4 4
7 5
4 4
X=3 1
4 4

(a) 1 10 2 110 2
4 8 2 = p q 2
p = 4, q = 8

(a) X1
1
2 6
10(2) (6)(5)5 10
1 2 6
=
10 5 10
Y = X1
2 6 1 2 6
p
=
5 q 10 5 10
1
p = 10 , q = 10
=

(b) 10 6x 8
5 2 y = 10
x = 1 2 6 8
y 10 5 1010
x = 1 2(8) + 6(10)
y 10 5(8) + (10)(10)
x = 1 76
y 10 140

(76)
x = 10

y 1
(140)
10

38
x = 5
y
14
38
x = 5 , y = 14

10

(a) P1

1
3 2
6(3) (2)(5) 5 6
1 3 2
= 8
5 6
Q = P1
1 n 2 1 3 2
m5 6 = 8 5 6
m = 8, n = 3
=

(b) 6 2x 2
5 3y = 3
x = 1 3 2 2
y 8 5 63
x = 1 3(2) + 2(3)
y 8 5(2) + (6)(3)
x = 1 0
y 8 8
1
(0)
x
= 8
y
1
8 (8)
x = 0
y 1
x = 0, y = 1