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ACI 318-02 Pier A.B.

Units

ACI 318-02 Pier A.B. Design

Supporting Calculations General
The calculations contained in this worksheet are supporting calculations for the "Steel Column Pier Anchor Bolt and Base Plate Design" procedure.

Case 1
This example will use a W4 column and a 10"x10"x5/8" thk. Baseplate. The anchor bolts are 3/4" dia., A36 Galvanized Bolts with 5x(dia.) edge distance. d0 := 0.75 in c1 := 4.5 in Ase := 0.33 in fut := 60 ksi
2

Materials
fc := 4 ksi fy := 60 ksi
I:\WRK090\215\PRACTICE\Mehmet Shortcuts\Pier and Baseplate\Stl Col Pier AB BPl Des.mcd

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 2 of 22

Shear Design
Av := 9in 6.75in Av0 := 4.5 in 4.5 in y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 y 7 := 1.4 l := 8 d0 l = 0.50 ft
1.5 2

Av = 60.75 in

2 2

4.5 6.75

in

Vb = 5.547 kips Vcb = 4.66 kips fV cb = 3.26 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 3.30 kips, do not use "B" ties.

Tension Anchorage
fNs := 0.75 A se fut A's := fNs 0.9 fy
2

fNs = 14.85 kips A's = 0.275 in for #5 bars, therefore, use #5 bars
2

As := 0.31 in Ncb := 1 +

13.5 15

1.5 0.9 fy 2 As

>

2 fNs = 29.70 kips

Case 2
This example will use a W6 column and a 12"x12" Baseplate. The anchor bolts are 1" dia., A36 Galvanized Bolts with 5x(dia.) edge distance. d0 := 1.00 in c1 := 4.5 in Ase := 0.61 in fut := 60 ksi
2

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 3 of 22

Materials
fc := 4 ksi fy := 60 ksi

Shear Design
Av := 9in 6.75in Av0 := 4.5 in 4.5 in y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 y 7 := 1.4 l := 8 d0 l = 8.00 in
1.5 2

Av = 60.75 in

2 2

4.5 6.75

in

2 2

= 0.11 in

per leg, use#4 ties

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 3.78 kips, do not use "B" ties.

Tension Anchorage
fNs := 0.75 A se fut A's := fNs 0.9 fy
2

fNs = 27.45 kips A's = 0.51 in for #5 bars, therefore, use #5 bars
2

< 3*0.31

As := 0.31 in Ncb := 2 +

13.5 15

2 0.9 fy 2 As

>

fNs = 27.45 kips

Case 3

This example will use a W8x31 column and a 15"x15"x3/4" thk. Baseplate. The anchor bolts are 1" dia., A36 Galvanized Bolts with 4x(dia.) edge distance. d0 := 1.00 in c1 := 5.5 in c3 := 11 in Bpl := 15 in Bcol := 8.2 in thk := 0.75 in kcol := 0.688 in Ase := 0.61 in c2 := 5.5 in
2

fut := 60 ksi

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 5 of 22

Materials
fc := 4 ksi fy := 60 ksi

P := 35 kips M1 := 40 ft kips V := 6 kips (Loads per 9.2)

M2 = 347.00 kips in Tensbolt = 18.26 kips Vbolt = 1.50 kips

Shear Design
Av := c 3 1.5c 1 Av0 := 4.5 c1
2

Av = 90.75 in

2 2

Av0 = 136.13 in

y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 y 7 := 1.4 l := 8 d0

c2 1.5c1

y 6 = 0.90

l = 0.67 ft
0.2

l Vb := 7 d0

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 8.655 kips

Vcb :=

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 7.27 kips fV cb = 5.09 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 6 of 22

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 Provide Reinforcement Asv := fVs 0.9 fy Asv = 0.21 in Asv 2
2 2

Vs = 21.96 kips fV s = 11.42 kips > fVcb = 5.09 kips

= 0.106 in

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 5.09 kips, do not use "B" ties.

per leg, use 2-#4 shear ties one layer only

Tension Anchorage
fNs := 0.75 A se fut A's := fNs 0.9 fy
2

fNs = 27.45 kips A's = 0.51 in for #5 bars, therefore, use 3-#5 bars
2

< 3*0.31

As := 0.31 in

Ncb := ( 8) 0.9 fy As

>

2 fNs = 54.90 kips

Baseplate
Mp := Tensbolt 2 in 1.7 tpl := Mp 4 fy Bpl Mp = 62.09 kips in tpl = 0.53 in Therefore, use 3/4" thk. Baseplate

Welding
L := Bcol + B col - 2 k col W := 2 18.26 14.88 1.5 0.928 L = 15.02 in W = 1.76 Use 1/4" weld min. for 3/4" thk. Baseplate

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 7 of 22

Standard Steel Column Pier Anchor Bolt Design per ACI 318-02 for W8 Column Case 4
Criteria:
W8 column, fc=4,000 psi, fy=60 ksi, Anchor bolts are A36, Fut=60ksi

How to use the Standard:

1- See Table-1 for base plate size and the anchor bolt hole location 2- Design anchor bolt size, base plate thickness and welding based on factored load 3- Determine shear per bolt. If shear per bolt is less than 5.34 kips, do not use "B" ties. 4- Use 12-#5 vertical bars and 25" bolt embedment. 5- If pier height is less than 5'-9" do not use cross ties. d0 := 1.00 in c1 := 3.5 in c3 := 7 in Bpl := 15 in Bcol := 8.2 in thk := 0.75 in kcol := 0.688 in Ase := 0.61 in c2 := 3.5 in
2

fut := 60 ksi

Materials
fc := 4 ksi fy := 60 ksi

Shear Design
Av := c 3 1.5c 1 Av0 := 4.5 c1
2

Av = 36.75 in

2 2

Av0 = 55.125 in

y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 y 7 := 1.4 l := 8 d0

c2 1.5c1

y 6 = 0.90

l = 0.67 ft
0.2

l Vb := 7 d0
Vcb :=

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 4.394 kips

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 3.69 kips fV cb = 2.58 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 8 of 22

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 Provide Reinforcement Asv := fVs 0.9 fy Asv = 0.21 in Asv 2
2 2

= 0.106 in

per leg, use 2-#4 shear ties one layer only

Case 5
This example will use a W10 column and a 17"x17" Baseplate. The anchor bolts are 1 1/4" dia., A36 Galvanized Bolts with 4x(dia.) edge distance. d0 := 1.25 in c1 := 5.5 in c3 := 11 in Bpl := 17 in Ase := 0.97 in c2 := 5.5 in
2

fut := 60 ksi

Materials
fc := 4 ksi fy := 60 ksi

Shear Design
Av := c 3 1.5c 1 Av0 := 4.5 c1
2

Av = 90.75 in

2 2

Av0 = 136.13 in

y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 y 7 := 1.4 l := 8 d0

c2 1.5c1

y 6 = 0.90

l = 10.00 in
0.2

l Vb := 7 d0
Vcb :=

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 9.677 kips

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 8.13 kips fV cb = 5.69 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 9 of 22

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 Provide Reinforcement Asv := fVs 0.9 fy Asv = 0.34 in Asv 2
2 2

= 0.168 in

per leg, use 2-#4 shear ties one layer only

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 5.74 kips, do not use "B" ties.

Tension Anchorage
fNs := 0.75 A se fut A's := fNs 0.9 fy fNs = 43.65 kips A's = 0.81 in
2

< 3*0.31

As := 0.31 in

for #5 bars, therefore, use 3-#5 bars

Ncb := ( 8) 0.9 fy As Development Length ldevel := 15 in Embedment lembed := 2 in + ldevel + 4.3 in 1.5

>

2 fNs = 87.30 kips

lembed = 23.45 in

Case 6
This example will use a W12 column and a 19"x19" Baseplate. The anchor bolts are 1 1/2" dia., A36 Galvanized Bolts with 4x(dia.) edge distance. d0 := 1.50 in c1 := 6.5 in c3 := 12 in Bpl := 19 in Ase := 1.41 in c2 := 6.5 in
2

fut := 60 ksi

Materials
fc := 4 ksi fy := 60 ksi

P := 35 kips M1 := 40 ft kips V := 6 kips (Loads per 9.2)

M2 = 347.00 kips in Tensbolt = 18.26 kips Vbolt = 1.50 kips

Shear Design
Av := c 3 1.5c 1 Av0 := 4.5 c1
2

Av = 117.00 in

2 2

Av0 = 190.13 in

c2 1.5c1

y 6 = 0.90

l = 12.00 in

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 11 of 22

l Vb := 7 d0
Vcb :=

0.2

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 13.620 kips

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 10.56 kips fV cb = 7.39 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 Vs = 50.76 kips fV s = 26.40 kips > fVcb = 7.39 kips

Tensbolt Vbolt + = 0.48 fNs fVs

Provide Reinforcement Asv := fVs 0.9 fy Asv = 0.49 in Asv 2 Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 7.5 kips, do not use "B" ties.
2 2

= 0.244 in

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 12 of 22

Tension Design
fNs := 0.75 A se fut Assume 3 pier reinforcement anchor at each bolt A's := fNs 0.9 fy
2

A's = 1.18 in

A's 3

= 0.392 in

As := 0.44 in

OK

1/20/2003 By M. Tan Sheet No. 13 of 22

Case 7
This example will use a W14 column and a 22"x22" Baseplate. The anchor bolts are 2" dia., A36 Galvanized Bolts with 4x(dia.) edge distance. d0 := 2.00 in c1 := 8.0 in c3 := 16 in Bpl := 22 in Ase := 2.49 in c2 := 8.0 in
2

fut := 60 ksi

Materials
fc := 4 ksi fy := 60 ksi

Shear Design
Av := c 3 1.5c 1 Av0 := 4.5 c1
2

Av = 192.00 in

2 2

Av0 = 288.00 in

y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 y 7 := 1.4 l := 8 d0

c2 1.5c1

y 6 = 0.90

l = 16.00 in
0.2

l Vb := 7 d0

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 21.473 kips

Vcb :=

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

2 2

= 0.432 in

per leg, use 2-#4 shear ties

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 12.67 kips, do not use "B" ties.

Tension Design
fNs := 0.75 A se fut Assume 3-#8 pier reinforcement anchor at each bolt As := 0.79 in A's := fNs 0.9 fy
2

fNs = 112.05 kips

A's = 2.08 in

< 3 A s = 2.37 in

OK

Pier Moment Capacities

W6, Pier 16x16
As := 0.31 in B := 16 in T := 3 A s 0.9 fy a := T B fc 0.85
2

fc = 4.00 ksi

M := d -

a 2

M = 54.57 ft kip

W6, Pier 18x18

As := 0.31 in B := 18 in T := 4 A s 0.9 fy a := T B fc 0.85
2

fc = 4.00 ksi

M := d -

a 2

M = 83.44 ft kip

W8, Pier 22x22

As := 0.31 in B := 22 in T := 4 A s 0.9 fy a := T B fc 0.85
2

fy = 60.00 ksi d := 19.5 in T = 66.96 kips a = 0.90 in

fc = 4.00 ksi

M := d -

a 2

M = 106.31 ft kip

W10, Pier 24x24

As := 0.44 in B := 24 in T := 5 A s 0.9 fy a := T B fc 0.85
2

fy = 60.00 ksi d := 21.5 in T = 118.80 kips a = 1.46 in

fc = 4.00 ksi

M := d -

a 2

M = 205.64 ft kip

W12, Pier 28x28

As := 0.44 in B := 28 in T := 5 A s 0.9 fy a := T B fc 0.85
2

fy = 60.00 ksi d := 25.5 in T = 118.80 kips a = 1.25 in

fc = 4.00 ksi

M := d -

a 2

M = 246.27 ft kip

W14, Pier 34x34

As := 0.79 in B := 34 in T := 5 A s 0.9 fy a := T B fc 0.85
2

fy = 60.00 ksi d := 31.5 in T = 213.30 kips a = 1.85 in

fc = 4.00 ksi

M := d -

a 2

M = 543.51 ft kip

Pier Design for 3 ksi Concrete

fc := 3 ksi fy := 60 ksi A36 Bolts, Fut := 60 ksi

W4, Pier 16"x16"

d0 := 0.75 in Av := 9in 6.75in y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 l := 8 d0 Ase := 0.33 in
2

c1 := 4.5 in
2

fut := 60 ksi
2

Av = 60.75 in

Av0 := 4.5 in 4.5 in y 7 := 1.4

Av0 = 91.13 in

4.5 6.75
l = 6.00 in

y 6 = 0.90

l Vb := 7 d0
Vcb :=

0.2

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 4.804 kips

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 4.04 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

fV cb = 2.82 kips

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 Vs = 11.88 kips fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 fV s = 6.18 kips > fVcb = 2.82 kips

2

Asv 2

= 0.06 in

per leg, use 1-#4 tie per bolt

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 2.84 kips, do not use ties Bolt Tension fNs := 0.75 A se fut Bolt Embedment 4.25 in + 17 in + 2 in = 23.25 in Use 24" embedment fNs = 14.85 kips A's := fNs 0.9 fy A's = 0.28 in
2

W6, Pier 18"x18"

d0 := 1.00 in Av := 9in 6.75in y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 l := 8 d0 Ase := 0.61 in
2

c1 := 4.5 in
2

fut := 60 ksi
2

Av = 60.75 in

Av0 := 4.5 c1 y 7 := 1.4

Av0 = 91.13 in

4.5 6.75
l = 8.00 in

y 6 = 0.90

l Vb := 7 d0
Vcb :=

0.2

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 5.547 kips

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 4.66 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

fV cb = 3.26 kips

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 Vs = 21.96 kips fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 fV s = 11.42 kips > fVcb = 3.26 kips

2

Asv 2

= 0.11 in

per leg, use 1-#4 tie

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 3.3 kips, do not use ties Bolt Tension fNs := 0.75 A se fut Bolt Embedment 4.5 in + 17 in + 2 in = 23.50 in Use 24" embedment fNs = 27.45 kips A's := fNs 0.9 fy A's = 0.51 in
2

W8, Pier 22"x22"

d0 := 1.00 in Av := ( 11 in) 1.5 c 1 y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 l := 8 d0 Ase := 0.61 in
2

c1 := 5.5 in
2

fut := 60 ksi
2

Av = 90.75 in y 6 = 0.90

Av0 := 4.5 c1 y 7 := 1.4

Av0 = 136.13 in

5.5 8.25
l = 8.00 in

l Vb := 7 d0
Vcb :=

0.2

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 7.496 kips

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 6.30 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

fV cb = 4.41 kips

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 Vs = 21.96 kips fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 fV s = 11.42 kips > fVcb = 4.41 kips

2

Asv 2

= 0.11 in

per leg, use 1-#4 tie

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 4.48 kips, do not use ties Bolt Tension fNs := 0.75 A se fut Bolt Embedment 7.5 in + 17 in + 2 in = 26.50 in fNs = 27.45 kips A's := fNs 0.9 fy A's = 0.51 in
2

W10, Pier 24"x24"

d0 := 1.25 in Av := ( 11 in) 1.5 c 1 y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 l := 8 d0 Ase := 0.97 in
2

c1 := 5.5 in
2

fut := 60 ksi
2

Av = 90.75 in y 6 = 0.90

Av0 := 4.5 c1 y 7 := 1.4

Av0 = 136.13 in

5.5 8.25

l = 10.00 in
0.2

l Vb := 7 d0
Vcb :=

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 8.381 kips

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 7.04 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

fV cb = 4.93 kips

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 Vs = 34.92 kips fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 fV s = 18.16 kips > fVcb = 4.93 kips

2

Asv 2

= 0.17 in

per leg, use 1-#4 tie

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 4.97 kips, do not use ties Bolt Tension fNs := 0.75 A se fut Bolt Embedment 6.375 in + 17 in + 2 in = 25.375 in fNs = 43.65 kips A's := fNs 0.9 fy A's = 0.81 in
2

< 3 0.31 in

) = 0.93 in2

W12, Pier 28"x28"

d0 := 1.5 in Av := ( 12 in) 1.5 c 1 y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 l := 8 d0 Ase := 1.41 in
2

c1 := 6.5 in
2

fut := 60 ksi
2

Av = 117.00 in y 6 = 0.90

Av0 := 4.5 c1 y 7 := 1.4

Av0 = 190.13 in

6.5 9.75

l = 12.00 in
0.2

l Vb := 7 d0
Vcb :=

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 11.795 kips

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 9.15 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

fV cb = 6.40 kips

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 Vs = 50.76 kips fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 fV s = 26.40 kips

2

Asv 2

= 0.24 in

per leg, use 2-#4 ties

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 6.44 kips, do not use ties Bolt Tension fNs := 0.75 A se fut Bolt Embedment 7.5 in + 20 in + 2 in = 29.50 in fNs = 63.45 kips A's := fNs 0.9 fy A's = 1.18 in
2

< 3 0.44 in

) = 1.32 in2

W14, Pier 34"x34"

d0 := 2.0 in Av := ( 16 in) 1.5 c 1 y 6 := 0.7 + 0.3 l := 8 d0 Ase := 2.49 in
2

c1 := 8 in
2

fut := 60 ksi
2

Av = 192.00 in y 6 = 0.90

Av0 := 4.5 c1 y 7 := 1.4

Av0 = 288.00 in

8 12

l = 16.00 in
0.2

l Vb := 7 d0
Vcb :=

c1 d0 in fc psi in

1.5

in

Vb = 18.596 kips

Av y 6 y 7 Vb Av0

Vcb = 15.62 kips

fV cb := 0.7 V cb

fV cb = 10.93 kips

Bolt Strength Vs := Ase fut 0.6 Vs = 89.64 kips fV s := Vs 0.8 0.65 fV s = 46.61 kips

2

Asv 2

= 0.43 in

per leg, use 2-#4 ties

Note: If the shear force per bolt is less than 11.0 kips, do not use ties Bolt Tension fNs := 0.75 A se fut Bolt Embedment 12 in + 33 in + 2 in = 47.00 in fNs = 112.05 kips A's := fNs 0.9 fy A's = 2.08 in
2

< 3 0.79 in

) = 2.37 in2