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Life Sciences 1

Dr. Patricia Halpin


Office 413 Botany Halpin@ucla.edu OH: TBA

Botany

Teaching Assistants
TAs- contact info on class website (CCLE) Gustavo Alarcon Jonathan Chang Tina Marcroft Brendan Sullivan Ryo Okubo Kathryn Peiman Maggie Simon Tyler Watson http://lslab.lscore.ucla.edu/LAB/LS1.php Section info

Enrollment
Attend either lecture
you are responsible for material missed because of differences in lecture pace

Changes must be done through ursa Questions about enrollment should be directed to LS Core Office, LS 2305 Please, if you are dropping, do it soon. Students trying to add the course will appreciate it! Keep TAs notified about section changes

Textbook
Text (required, new or used)
Biological Science, Freeman, 4th edition, Vol 2 3rd edition OK- you are responsible for differences! Must have access to textbook website (masteringbiology.com) (Required) Text bundle from bookstore includes access to publisher website Can also buy e-text only or web access only

Textbook Website & Reading Quiz


www.masteringbiology.com
Course id number: MBHALPIN54595 Need individual access code enter uid when registering -no text, dashes or letters Register for 4th edition On that weeks reading, i.e. Week 2s in Week 2 Weeks 2-10, 10 pts each, lowest dropped Quizzes available 7:00 AM Tues to 11:00 AM Wed Timed, one attempt Take as individual Practice = no points, for review and practice

Reading Quiz- on textbook website

Lecture Participation
Require either cell phone with texting function or wifi enabled device Purchase subscription to TopHatMonocle.com ($20)
Register with uid and cell phone number (if texting) After purchasing subscription
go to www.tophatmonocle.com/e928154 and enroll in class Class password: LS1S12 You must enroll in class on THM website to receive credit

Lecture Participation
Start using on Friday, 4/6 69 clicker points possible, maximum (3 pts/lecture)
Can miss 4 lectures and still receive full credit

In class
Texting method: must use phone number registered on site for credit Wifi method:
Login to campus network Go to class website at tophatmonocle

UCLA CLass Website


CCLE/Moodle Website
http://www.lsic.ucla.edu/ classes/spring12/ Problems: click on login questions (e.g. if you are not yet officially enrolled) Temporary Access: go to LS2127 for help Be sure you have ucla.edu email account and that it is not full

Bruincast of lecture
www.bruincast.ucla.edu Contact bruincasthelp@ucla.edu for help

Exams
2 Evening Midterms, 180 pts each
Friday, April 27, 4-5:50 Friday, May 18, 4-4:50

Final, 285 pts


Wednesday, June 16, 6:30-9:30 PM 180 pts last portion of class, 105 on whole class (roughly)

No make-up exams or alternate times.


NO EXCEPTIONS Medical emergencies must be documented with core office

Late students may only take exam if no one else has completed exam or left. Multiple choice plus short answer

Labs (Demonstrations)
Mandatory
Drop lowest at end (i.e. you may miss one)
If you miss a lab for illness, that is the one dropped

Written assignments (12 pts) + in lab group work (2 pts) Overall participation 12 pts

Labs and or Lab Material will be posted on class website by Friday


Read before lab

Must attend assigned section


If you have to attend a different section, notify your TA & get permission from TA of section you would like to attend You will lose points for the week, but will be able to get material

Lab Quiz
On UCLA (CCLE/Moodle) website (Not Textbook!)
Tech problems: Help link on site Other: Jonathan Chang (TA) jonathan.chang@ucla.edu

Based on material for upcoming week Begin week 2 10 pts each, drop lowest score Available 10:00 AM Sunday until 7:00 AM Tuesday
Timed, one attempt Take as individual Computer problems not an excuse, take early enough so we can address problems Do not go back during quiz to previous questions

LS1: Topics
Evolution Diversity of Life Ecology & Behavior

This Week
Life Cells & Cell Theory Hypotheses & predictions What is a theory? What is science? Experiments Development of evolutionary theory

Life on Earth
Began at least 3.4 billion years ago 1.5 million living (extant) species described
Small fraction of total Living total is fraction of species that have ever existed

Found in almost every habitat

Life: What Is It?


No simple answer Two important attributes
Reproduction
Traits are passed from one generation to the next Asexual or sexual

Metabolism
Using molecules from the environment for maintenance and growth

Cell: Basic Unit of Life


All organisms composed of cells Highly organized compartment Bounded by plasma membrane Chemical reactions of life take place within cells Cells reproduce by dividing

Pasteur Experiment

Freeman, Fig 1.2

Cell Theory
Cell Theory
All organisms composed of cells Cells arise from pre-existing cells

What is a theory, anyway?

Theories, Hypotheses, & Laws


Hypothesis
Proposed explanation of specific phenomena & observations

Theory
Framework for understanding a broad set of phenomena & observations Open to revision as new hypotheses are tested & new observations made

Law
No such thing anymore- archaic term in science Theory with good public relations

Example: Newtons Laws of Motion


Newtons Laws explain observations of motion at a large scale But!
Newtons Laws dont explain motion at quantum level or at near light speeds Law is a theory that explains observations and is open to revision

Note: Newton was not wrong, theories will always be revised and extended

Science
Is a method for understanding natural world Starts with observations and uses logic to create hypotheses Tests hypotheses using experiments and/or observations Creates theories that fit observations and experimental results Theories subject to revision in light of new evidence

Science does NOT


Address phenomena that are not observable or measurable Dictate moral values (although it can inform moral decisions)

Testing Hypotheses
Observations or experiments Elements of successful tests
Replication
Accounts for variation in observations and results Note: this is replication within experiment

Controls
Differ in factor of interest Check for factors other than the one of experimental interest that might affect outcome

Example: Why Are Chilies Hot?


Observations
Chilies contain capsaicin Capsaicin causes burning sensation in humans Many fruits (not just chilies) use animals as seed dispersers
Seeds pass through gut uneaten Deposited with feces (fertilizer)

Animals may also be seed predators

Why Are Chilies Hot?


Question: Does Capsaicin deter seed predators but not seed dispersers? Null Hypothesis
Seed dispersers (thrashers) and seed predators (mice) respond in the same way to capsaicin

Alternative Hypothesis
Capsaicin deters seed predators (mice) but not seed dispersers (thrashers)

Hot Chilies: Experiment

Hot Chilies: Experiment

Bioskills 2: Reading Graphs Bioskills 5: Statistical tests and Error Bars