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Vector Paper 2

1 Given that
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
7
5
AB ,
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
3
2
OB and
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
5
k
CD , find
(a) the coordinates of A, (Ans : (3, 4) ) [2 marks]
(b) the unit vector in the direction OA , (Ans : j i
5
4
5
3
) [2 marks]
(c) the value of k, if CD is parallel to AB . (Ans :
7
25
) [2 marks]
[2003, No.6]

2 The diagram shows triangle OAB. The straight line AP intersects the straight line OQ at R. It is given that OP =
3
1
OB, AQ =
4
1
AB,

=
~
6 x , and

OA

=
~
2 y .


(a) Express in terms of
~
x and / or
~
y
(i)

AP , (Ans : 2
~
y + 6
~
x )
(ii)

OQ. (Ans :
2
3
~
y +
2
9
~
x ) [4 marks]
(b) (i) Given that

AR = h

AP , state

AR in terms of h,
~
x and
~
y . (Ans : h (2
~
y + 6
~
x )
(ii) Given that

RQ = k

OQ, state

RQ in terms of k,
~
x and
~
y . (Ans : k (
2
3
~
y +
2
9
~
x ) [2 marks]
(c) Using

AR and

RQ from (b), find the value of h and of k. (Ans : h =


2
1
, k =
3
1
) [4 marks]
[2004, No.8]

3 In the diagram, ABCD is a quadrilateral. AED and EFC are straight lines.


It is given that

AB = 20
~
x ,

AE = 8
~
y ,

DC = 25
~
x 24
~
y , AE =
4
1
AD and EF =
5
3
EC.
(a) Express in term of
~
x and
~
y :
(i)

BD , (Ans : 20
~
x + 32
~
y )
(i)

EC , (Ans : 25
~
x ) [3 marks]
(b) Show that the points B, F and D are collinear. [3 marks]
(c) If |
~
x | = 2, and |
~
y | = 3, find |

BD |. (Ans : = 104) [2 marks]
[2005, No.6]

OP

A
O
R
P B
Q

D
E
A
B
C
F

4 The diagram shows a trapezium ABCD.





It is given that

AB = 2
~
y ,

AD = 6
~
x ,

AE =
3
2

AD and

BC =
6
5

AD
(a) Express

AC in term of
~
x and
~
y . (Ans : 5
~
x + 2
~
y ) [2 marks]
(b) Point F lies inside the trapezium ABCD such that 2

EF = m

AB , m is a constant.
(i) Express

AF in term of m,
~
x and
~
y . (Ans : 4
~
x + m
~
y )
(ii) Hence, if the point A, F and C are collinear, find the value of m. (Ans : =
5
8
) [5 marks]
[2006, No.5]


5 The diagram shows triangle AOB. The point P lies on OA and the point Q lies on AB. The straight line BP
intersects the straight line OQ at the point S.



It is given that OA : OP = 4 : 1, AB : AQ = 2 : 1,

OA = 8 x and

OB = 6 y .
(a) Express in terms of x and / or y .
(i)

BP , (Ans : 2 x 6 y )
(ii)

OQ. (Ans : 4 x + 3 y ) [3 marks]


(b) Using

OS = h

OQ and

BS = k

BP , where h and k are constants, find the value of h and of k.


(Ans : h =
5
2
, k =
5
4
) [5 marks]
(c) Given that x = 2 units, y = 3 and ZAOB = 90, find

AB . (Ans : 580 ) [2 marks]
[2007, No.8]


C
B
F
A E D


B

Q

A
O

P

S