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CHEMISTRY

1. Question: The temperature at which mercury starts to freeze is -35C. What is the temperature, in degrees Fahrenheit, at which a mercury thermometer can not be used? a. -63 F b. -35 F c. -31 F d. -5.4 F 2. Question: A piece of stone weighs 0.05 pounds. When if is submerged in a graduated cylinder containing 50 mL of H2O, the level rose to 60 mL. What is the density of the stone in g/mL? a. 2.27 b. 2.72 c. 7.22 d. 7.27 3. Question: A swimming pool 25m wide, 100m long, and 3m deep is filled with water up to a height of 2m. How many kilograms of water have been placed inside the pool? (The density of water is 1000 kg/m3.) a. 5 million b. 7.5 million c. 10 million d. 12.5 million 4. Question: Which of the following not an example of a compound? a. sugar b. salt c. ash d. water 5. Question:

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If two pure substances have different melting points, then a. the two substances will surely have different densities b. the two samples are certainly different pure substances c. the two substances are certain to have identical chemical formulas d. the two substances are certain to be compounds and not elements 6. Question: Which of the following is a compound? a. water b. wine c. soil d. mercury 7. Question: Which of the following processes is an example of a chemical change? a. evaporation of sea water to form salt b. melting of an ice cube c. filtering of paper pulp from a liquid slurry using a sieve tray d. rusting of iron 8. Question: We know that air is a homogeneous mixture and not a compound because a. it has no definite shape b. it has no definite volume c. it ca be compressed d. its composition can vary 9. Question: What do you call a substance that is composed of two or more elements bonded chemically? a. an isotope b. an element c. a compound

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d. a mixture

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14. Question: Which of the following materials cannot be subjected to carbon dating to determine its age?

10. Question: Which of the following examples is a physical change? a. crystallization of sugar from sugar can juice b. fermenting of ethanol to form wine c. burning of a piece of candle d. clotting of blood 11. Question: Which of the following substances cannot be further decomposed by ordinary chemical means? a. water b. sugar c. air d. silver 12. Question: Which of the following not a manifestation of a chemical change? a. reaction of a compound and an element to form a new compound and an element b. breaking down of compound into elements c. combining of atoms of elements to form a molecule d. separation of the molecules in a mixture 13. Question: What do you call a nuclear reaction resulting from the interaction of two nuclei to form a bigger nucleus and an accompanying release of energy? a. nuclear fission b. alpha emission c. nuclear fusion d. natural radioactive decay

a. a trunk of wood b. a sword c. a smear of blood on a piece of cloth d. an ancient Egyptian scroll 15. Question: What law states that the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to its absolute temperature at constant volume? a. Charles Law b. Gay-Lussacs Law c. Boyles Law d. Daltons Law 16. Question: To what conditions does a gas behave like an ideal gas? a. low temperature and low pressure b. low temperature and high pressure c. high temperature and low pressure d. high temperature and high pressure 17. Question: What law states that the pressure of gas is inversely proportional to its volume at constant temperature? a. Charles Law b. Gay-Lussacs Law c. Boyles Law d. Daltons Law 18. Question: Which gas diffuses faster? a. CH4 b. O2

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c. CO d. He

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Which of the following is an endothermic process? a. melting of ice b. burning of paper c. neutralization of a strong acid and a strong base d. violent reaction of sodium metal with water

19. Question: Which of the following best describes heat? a. the capacity to do work b. forces times distance c. sum of thermal and chemical energy d. an energy transfer due to a temperature difference 20. Question: What happens to water when it begins to vaporize? a. it increases in temperature b. it decreases in temperature c. no change in temperature d. no change in thermal energy 21. Question: Burning of gasoline initially requires heat before it burns spontaneously. Which of the following does not give a good explanation of this phenomenon? a. the initial heat rises the enthalpy of the reactant b. the initial heat lowers the activation of energy of the reactants c. the enthalpy of the reactants is lower that the enthalpy of the products d. the enthalpy of the product is lower than the enthalpy of the reactant. 22. Question:

23. Question: Which of the following events is heat exchange involved? a. when there is a phase change b. when there is a chemical reaction c. when the gas expands adiabatically d. when there is difference in temperature 24. Question: Who first predicted the wave-particle dual property of electrons? a. Hund b. Heisenberg c. De Broglie d. Schrdinger 25. Question: Who postulated the wave equation that describes the properties of electrons in an atom? a. Bohr b. Heisenberg c. Pauli d. Schrdinger 26. Question: Atoms of nonmetals generally reacts with atoms of metals by a. gaining electrons to form ionic compounds b. gaining electrons to form covalent compounds

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c. sharing electrons to form ionic compounds d. sharing electrons to form covalent compounds

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a. it exists in a closed system at varying temperature b. it exist in an open system c. it exists between a liquid and its vapor in a closed system at uniform temperature. d. it may exist between a solid and a liquid. 31. Question: According to the Bronsted-Lowry theory, an acid is

27. Question: The addition of a nonvolatile solute to a solvent will cause a. the vapor pressure of the solvent to increase b. the vapor pressure of the solvent to decrease c. the vapor pressure of the solvent to remain unchanged d. none of these 28. Question: Which of the following factors does not affect the rate of reaction? a. the number of products formed b. the nature of reactants c. temperature d. concentration of reactants 29. Question: Which of the following statements about the catalyst is not true? a. they may slow down the reaction b. they may speed up the reaction c. they are present in living substances d. the may become new substances after the reaction 30. Question: Which of the following statements about equilibrium is TRUE?

a. a proton donor b. a proton acceptor c. a proton donor and a proton acceptor d. neither a proton donor nor a proton acceptor 32. Question: Which is not true of bases? a. they always contain OH- ions b. they neutralize acid c. the pH of their solution is greater than 7 d. they react with H3O+ ions 33. Question: Organic chemistry is the chemistry of compounds containing the element a. hydrogen b. carbon c. oxygen d. nitrogen 34. Question: What is the mass in grams of 1 liter of carbon monoxide (CO) at standard temperature and pressure (STP)? Note: The molecular weight (MW) of CO is 28 g/mole, and at STP, 1 mole of any gas occupies a volume of 22.4 liters. a. 1.20 b. 1.35

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c. 1.45 d. 1.25 35. Question: Two-thirds of the atom in a molecule of water is hydrogen. What percentage weight of a water molecule if the weight of two hydrogen atoms? The atomic weight of hydrogen is 1.008 g/mol and oxygen is 16.00 g/mole. a. 19.12 b. 11.19 c. 19.11 d. 12.19 36. Question: How many protons (P) and neutrons are there in the nucleus are present in a Pb nucleus of atomic mass of 206? a. P = 92, N = 156 b. P = 85, N = 160 c. P = 82, N = 124 d. P = 90, N = 150 37. Question: A 0.064 kg. of octane vapor (MW = 114) is mixed with 0.91 kg of air (MW =29.0) in the manifold of an engine. The total pressure in the manifold is 86.1 kPa, and a temperature is 290 K. Assume octane behaves ideally. What is the partial pressure of the air in the mixture in kPa? a. 46.8 b. 48.6 c. 84.6 d. 64.8 38. Question: Hydrogen peroxide solution for hair bleaching is usually prepared mixing 5 grams of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), Molecular weight = 34

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g/mole) per 100 ml of solution. What is the molarity of this solution? a. 1.0 M b. 1.5 M c. 1.95 M d. 1.8 M 39. Question: A cylinder contains oxygen at a pressure of 10 atm and a temperature of 300K. The volume of the cylinder is 10 liters. What is the mass of oxygen in grams? Molecular weight (MW) of oxygen is 32 g/mole? a. 125 b. 130 c. 135 d. 120 40. Question: The molecular diameter of CO is 3.19x10-8 at 300K and pressure of 100 mmHg. What is the mean free path of the gas in cm? a. 6.86 x 10-3 b. 6.86 x 10-5 c. 2.86 x 10-4 d. 6.86 x 10-9 41. Question: How many moles are there in one atom? a. 3.6 x 10-23 b. 1.66 x 10-24 c. 2.86 x 10-4 d. 6.86 x 10-9 42. Question: When 0.5g of liquid is completely evaporated and collected in liter manometer, the pressure is 0.25 atm and the temperature is 27C. Assume ideal gas behavior, find the

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molecular weight if the gas constant is 0.0821L.atm/mole.K. a. 49.2 g/mole b. 12.3 g/mole c. 2.2 g/mole d. 64.0 g/mole 43. Question: If the atomic weight of magnesium is 24.3 g/mol, calculate how many magnesium atoms does 5g represent? a. 1.24 x 10 atoms b. 1.76 x 1023 atoms c. 3.44 x 1023 atoms d. 2.76 x 1023 atoms
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c. 20 g d. 12 g 47. Question: What is the molecular weight of calcium hydroxide or Ca(OH)2? a. 74 b. 67 c. 80 d. 44 48. Question: How many molecules are there in 25 g of hydrogen Chloride, HCl? a. 4.12 x 1023 molecules b. 4.32 x 1023 molecules c. 5.34 x 1023 molecules d. 3.45 x 1023 molecules

44. Question: How many moles of iron does 25 g of Fe represent? Note: the atomic weight of iron (Fe) is 55.8 g/mol. a. 0.356 mol b. 0.564 mol c. 0.448 mol d. 0.247 mol 45. Question: How many oxygen atoms are present in 2.00 moles of oxygen molecules considering that is a diatomic? a. 2.40 x 1024 atoms b. 3.43 x 1025 atoms c. 5.67 x 1026 atoms d. 1.34 x 1024 atoms 46. Question: If the atomic mass of copper (Cu) if 63.5 g/mol, compute how many grams does 0.252 mole of copper (Cu) has? a. 16 g b. 18 g

49. Question: What is the percentage composition of a sodium in the sodium chloride compound? a. 60.7% b. 34.6% c. 39.3% d. 50.7% 50. Question: What is the composition of oxygen of potassium sulfate, K2SO4? a. 53.2% b. 36.7% c. 50.4% d. 43.4% 51. Question: A 1.63 g of zinc when heated in air combined with 0.40 g of oxygen to form oxide of zinc. What is the percentage composition of Zn in the compound formed? a. 80.3% b. 76.5%

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c. 19.7% d. 53.4% 52. Question: Calculate how many moles of ammonia can be produced from 8 mol of hydrogen reacting with nitrogen? a. 4.53 mol NH3 b. 7.76 mol NH3 c. 5.33 mol NH3 d. 4.57 mol NH3 53. Question: How many molecules of water can be produced by reacting 0.010 mol of oxygen with hydrogen? a. 1.20 x 1022 molecules b. 1.32 x 1022 molecules c. 2.34 x 1022 molecules d. 4.15 x 1022 molecules 54. Question: If 2 liters of gas measured at STP weigh 3.23 g, what is the molecular weight of the gas? a. 36.2 g/mol b. 42.3 g/mol c. 24.7 g/mol d. 19.4 g/mol 55. Question: An ethyl ether 691 L weighs 1.65 g measured at 40C and 630 torr. Compute the molecular weight of ethyl ether. a. 34.5 g/mol b. 43.5 g/mol c. 73.9 g/mol d. 67.5 g/mol 56. Question: Calculate the specific gravity of Cl2 at STP. Note: the molecular weight of Cl2 is 71 g/mol. a. 3.45

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b. 1.23 c. 2.46 d. 1.76 57. Question: Compute the volume of oxygen at STP that can be formed from a 0.75 mole of potassium chlorate (KClO3). a. 18.6 liters b. 16.8 liters c. 25.2 liters d. 23.2 liters 58. Question: What pressure will be exerted by a 0.50 mol of gas in a 7 L container at 23C? a. 1.74 atm b. 2.05 atm c. 3.04 atm d. 1.32 atm 59. Question: Compute how many moles of oxygen has are in a 70 L tank at 25C if the pressure is 2000 psi? a. 389.3 mol b. 453.4 mol c. 145.7 mol d. 247.4 mol 60. Question: What is the molality of the solution that contains 65 g of sucrose (C12H22O11) dissolved in 300 g of water? a. 0.89 mole/kg b. 0.78 mole/kg c. 0.54 mole/kg d. 0.63 mole/kg 61. Question: Calculate the number of moles of an ideal gas sample at 0.6 atmosphere and 87C occupies 0.450 liter.

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a. 0.0091 mole b. 0.0087 mole c. 0.0076 mole d. 0.0056 mole 62. Question: One gram of hydrogen gas (H2) is combined with 10 g of helium (He) gas and confined at 20C and 5 atmospheres. What is the combined volume in liters? a. 14.4 liters b. 17.5 liters c. 16.4 liters d. 12.7 liters

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What is the atomic weight of calcium if 2.25 g of pure calcium metal are converted to 3.13 g of pure CaO? a. 49.8 g/mol b. 54.3 g/mol c. 23.7 g/mol d. 40.9 g/mol 66. Question: What is the equivalent weight of Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4). a. 49 b. 98 c. 23 d. 100 67. Question: If 60 g of H2SO4 is dissolved in water to make a 1.5 L solution, find its normality N? a. 0.813 equiv/L b. 0.576 equiv/L c. 0.871 equiv/L d. 0.765 equiv/L

63. Question: What is the molarity of the solution if 150 g of KCl is dissolved in water to make 800 mL solution? a. 2.51 moles/L b. 2.25 moles/L c. 2.87 moles/L d. 1.53 moles/L 64. Question: Compute how many grams of KCl must be dissolved in water so that it can produce a 400 L of 0.6 M (molarity) solution? a. 17.904 g b. 14.281 g c. 11.541 g d. 12.653 g 65. Question:

68. Question: What is the equivalent weight of Mg(OH)2? a. 23 g/mol b. 29 g/mol c. 58 g/mol d. 20 g/mol 69. Question: How many grams of H3PO4 are confined in 700 mL container if its normality is 0.5? a. 11.45 g b. 12.34 g c. 10.56 g d. 9.35 g 70. Question:

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Which of the following is the simplest balanced equation of the given reaction? Na2CO3 + HCl NaCl + H2O + CO2 a. Na2CO3 + 2HCl 2NaCl + H2O + CO2 b. Na2CO3 + 2HCl NaCl + 2H2O + CO2 c. 2Na2CO3 + HCl 2NaCl + H2O + CO2 d. 2Na2CO3 + HCl NaCl + H2O + 2CO2 71. Question: If the molecular formula of water is H2O, then what is its molecular mass? a. 18 amu b. 19 amu c. 20 amu d. 1 amu

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b. 3P + HNO3 + H2O NO + 3H3PO4 c. 3P + 5HNO3 + 2H2O 5NO + 3H3PO4 d. 3P + HNO3 + 2H2O 2NO + 3H3PO4 74. Question: What type of bond results in form the sharing of electrons by two atoms? a. atomic bond b. covalent bond c. metallic bond d. ionic bond 75. Question: Which of the following statements regarding organic substances is FALSE? a. Organic substances generally dissolve in high concentration acids b. All organic matter contains carbon c. Organic matter is generally stable at very high temperatures d. Organic substances generally do not dissolve in water

72. Question: What is the molecular weight of barium chloride dehydrate BaCl22(H2O)? a. 234.4 amu b. 244.3 amu c. 270.5 amu d. 298.5 amu 73. Question: Which of the following is the simplest balanced equation of the given Oxidation-Reduction Equation? P + HNO3 + H2O NO + H3PO4 a. 2P + HNO3 + H2O NO + 2H3PO4

76. Question: What do you call a substance that dissociates in solutions to produce positive and negative ions? a. base b. acid c. electrolyte d. solute 77. Question: During a complete or partial neutralization of acids, what is the ionic compound formed? a. salt

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b. sugar c. potassium d. sulfur 78. Question: Which of the following is most likely to prove that a substance is inorganic? a. the substance evaporates in room temperature and pressure b. the substance is heated together with copper oxide and the resulting gases are found to have no effect on limestone c. analysis shows that the substance contains hydrogen d. the substance floats in water 79. Question: Which of the following are found in the nucleus of an atom? a. electrons and protons b. electrons and neutrons c. protons and neutrons d. electrons, protons and neutrons

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a. electron b. proton c. neutron d. ion 82. Question: Which of the following is the simplest type of reaction where two elements of compounds combine directly to form a compound? a. directly combination or synthesis b. decomposition or analysis c. single displacement d. double displacement 83. Question: What do you call the bonding that occurs in inert gases and other elements with full shells, primarily due to attraction between dipole structures? a. ionic b. metallic c. covalent d. van de waals 84. Question: If the heat of a solution is negative, heat is given off when the solute dissolves in the solvent. What type of reaction is this? a. exothermic b. ideal c. endothermic d. efflorescent 85. Question: What do you call materials that do not conduct electric current? a. conductor b. insulator c. semi-conductor d. intrinsic material 86. Question:

80. Question: Which of the following elements and compounds is unstable in its pure form? a. Helium (He) b. Neon (Ne) c. Carbon dioxide (CO2) d. Sodium (Na) 81. Question: What refers to the negatively charge component of an atom?

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What element is known as the lightest metal? a. aluminum b. manganese c. Magnesium d. Lithium 87. Question: Which of the following is energy removal being applied? a. evaporation of water b. changing water to steam c. changing water to ice d. all of these 88. Question: Halogens fall under what group in the periodic table? a. group VIA b. group VA c. group IVA d. group VIIA 89. Question: Which of the following is added to the drinking water distribution system for disinfection? a. Soda ash b. Chlorine c. Lime d. Iodine

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Is the attraction between like molecules. a. absorption b. diffusion c. adhesion d. cohesion 92. Question: What do you call a substance that cannot be decomposed any further by a chemical reaction? a. ion b. element c. molecule d. atom 93. Question: One of the following is the standard pressure and temperature. Which one? a. 0C and one atmosphere pressure b. 0C and zero pressure c. 0F and one atmosphere d. 32F and zero pressure 94. Question: Which of the following is the strongest type of bonds? a. Van de Waals b. Metallic c. Covalent d. Ionic 95. Question: Sublimation is a direct change from:

90. Question: What refers to the number of gram equivalent weights of solute per liter of solution? a. molarity (M) b. normality c. molality (m) d. formality 91. Question:

a. solid to liquid phase b. solid to gaseous phase c. liquid to gaseous phase d. gaseous phase to liquid phase 96. Question: What do you call hydrocarbons containing carbon to carbon double bonds?

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a. Alkanes b. Alkenes c. Alkynes d. None of these 97. Question: How are materials containing atoms with less than 4-valence electrons classified? a. an insulator b. a semi-conductor c. a conductor d. a compound 98. Question: Which of the following has the characteristics of both metals and non-metals? a. conductors b. insulators c. metalloids d. meteors 99. Question: Which are oxidizing and reducing agents in the following reactions? 2CCl4 + K2CrO4 2Cl2CO + CrO2Cl2 + 2 KCl a. there are no oxidizing and reducing agents in this reaction b. oxidizing agent: chromium; reducing agent: chlorine c. oxidizing agent: chlorine; reducing agent: carbon d. oxidizing agent: oxygen; reducing agent: chlorine

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101. Question: What type of bonding in which electrostatic attraction is predominant? a. Ionic bonding b. Metallic bonding c. Covalent bonding d. Van der Waals bonding 102. Question: What term refers to the passage of an electric current trough an electrolyte caused by an external voltage source? a. electrolysis b. electromechanical action c. electrolyte d. piezoelectric effect 103. Question: When all of the atoms of a molecule are the same, the substance is called _____. a. a compound b. a chemical c. an element d. an ion 104. Question: Which of the following refers to the measure of the amount of negative ions in the water? a. acidity b. alkalinity c. turbidity d. molarity

100. Question: How are elements numbered 58 to 71 in the periodic table called? a. Lanthanons b. Actinons c. Earth metals d. Noble gas

105. Question: What device produces electrical current by way of an oxidationreduction reaction? a. generator b. galvanic cell

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c. metallic friction d. all of these 106. Question: What is the maximum number of electrons that can be accommodated in the valence shell of an atom? a. 6 b. 8 c. 10 d. 12 107. Question: Reactions generally proceed faster at high temperatures because of which of the following? a. the molecules are less energetic b. the molecules collide more frequently c. the activation energy is less d. the molecules collide more frequently and the activation energy is less 108. Question: Which component of an atom has no electric charge? a. proton b. neutron c. coulomb d. electron

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of the container. What is this process called? a. precipitation b. hydration c. dehydration d. saturation 110. Question: What is formed when acids will react with active metals? a. sulfur b. oxygen c. hydrogen d. chloride 111. Question: How much is the pH content of an acid? a. between 4 and 6 b. between 2 and 7 c. between 1 and 5 d. between 0 and 7 112. Question: The condition of a liquid electrolyte is measured in terms of its: a. specific gravity b. acid content c. voltage output d. current value 113. Question: What is a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a chemical change? a. ingredients b. reactants c. solvent d. catalyst

109. Question: Adding more solute to an already saturated solution will cause the excess solute to settle to the bottom

114. Question: How are elements numbered 90 to 103 in the periodic table called?

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a. alkali b. actinons c. earth metals d. transition elements 115. Question: What is defined as a value equal to the number of gram moles of solute per 1000 grams of solvent? a. Molality (m) b. Normality c. Molarity (M) d. Formality 116. Question: Which of the following is NOT a part of an atom? a. electron b. proton c. neutron d. coulomb 117. Question: An element maybe defines as a substance, all atoms of which have the same: a. number of neutrons b. radioactivity c. atomic weight d. atomic number 118. Question: How does all B families and group VII in the periodic table named? a. light metals b. rare earth metals c. non-metals d. transition metals

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The device which measures the acid content of the cell is called _____. a. acid meter b. hydrometer c. hygrometer d. pyrometer 120. Question: The vertical columns in the periodic table are called: a. Groups b. Sections c. Batches d. Families 121. Question: What term is used to refer to a negatively charged ion? a. Anion b. Cathode c. Anode d. Cation 122. Question: In a copper atom, the valence ring contains: a. no electrons b. one electrons c. two electrons d. four electrons 123. Question: The elements along the dark line in the periodic table are referred to as _____. a. Light metals b. Metalloids c. Non-metals d. Heavy metals 124. Question: What do you call an atom that loses some of its electron or accepts extra electrons from another atom?

119. Question:

a. Intrinsic

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b. Mole c. Neutron d. Ion 125. Question: A _____ is a cell designed to produce electric current and can be recharged. a. Secondary cell b. electrolytic cell c. chemical cell d. battery 126. Question: Which of the following groups in the periodic table the most strongly electronegative elements? a. Group IV b. Group V c. Group VIIA d. Group VIA 127. Question: Which of the following statement is FALSE? a. In general, as reaction products are formed, they react with each other and reform reactants. b. At equilibrium, the net reaction rate is zero. c. The differential rate is the mathematical expression that shows how the rate of reaction depends on volume. d. The net rate at which a reaction proceeds from left to right is equal to the forward rate minus the reverse rate. 128. Question: What is the smallest part of matter? a. molecule b. element c. particle d. atom

129. Question: The opposite of alkali a. acid b. fluid c. substance d. none of these 130. Question: What type of reaction has two compounds as reactants and two compounds as products? a. Direct combination or synthesis b. Decomposition or synthesis c. Single displacement d. Double displacement 131. Question: If the heat of a solution is positive, heat is absorbed when the solute dissolves in the solvent. What type of reaction is this? a. Exothermic b. Ideal c. Endothermic d. Efflorescent 132. Question: The amount of electricity a battery can produce is controlled by a. the thickness of the plate b. the plate surface area c. the strength of the acid d. the discharge load 133. Question: What do you call the electrons in the last orbit or shell of an atom? a. Bound electrons b. Free electrons c. Valence electrons d. External electrons 134. Question:

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Which one is the positively charged ion? a. anion b. cathode c. anode d. cation 135. Question: It is the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom a. Molecular number b. Proton number c. Mass number d. Atomic number 136. Question: What do you call the elements in the first two groups in the periodic table? a. Light metals b. Noble gas c. Non-metals d. Heavy metals 137. Question: Which one refers to the number of gram-moles of solute per liter of solution? a. Molality (m) b. Normality c. Molarity (M) d. Formality 138. Question: What type of bonding is electrostatic attraction most predominant? a. Ionic b. Metallic c. Covalent d. Van der Waals 139. Question: When the charge of an atom becomes unbalanced, the charge atom is called _____.

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a. an ion b. a neutron c. a proton d. an electron 140. Question: Which of the following type of reactions in which bonds within a compound are disrupted by heat or other energy to produce simpler compounds or elements? a. direct combination or synthesis b. decomposition or analysis c. single displacement d. double displacement 141. Question: What do you call hydrocarbons containing carbon to carbon triple bonds? a. alkanes b. alkenes c. alkynes d. non of these 142. Question: If an atom contains more than four valence electrons, the material is classified as _____. a. insulator b. semi-conductor c. conductor d. any of these 143. Question: Which of the following refers to a measure of the quantity of an element or compound? a. Oxidation number b. Atomic number c. Avogadros number d. Mole 144. Question:

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The electrolyte is a solution of water and _____. a. sulfuric acid b. uric acid c. nitric acid d. formic acid 145. Question: Acids will turn blue litmus paper to what color? a. gray b. yellow c. violet d. red 146. Question: How much is the pH content of a base? a. between 6 and 10 b. between 2 and 7 c. between 7 and 14 d. between 10 and 16 147. Question: Applying a greater pressure causes pure solvent to leave the solution. What is the name of this process? a. cavitation b. calcination c. purification d. reverse osmosis 148. Question: A deuteron is a. a neutron plus two protons b. a nucleus containing a neutron and a proton c. an electron with a positive change d. a helium nucleus 149. Question: Which of the following groups in the periodic table the most weakly electronegative elements?

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a. Group IIA b. Group IA c. Group IIIA d. Group IVA

150. Question: What type of bonding that occurs in metals when metal atoms lose electrons and the metallic ions are attracted to a sea of delocalized electrons? a. ionic bonding b. metallic bonding c. covalent bonding d. van der waals bonding 151. Question: Which of the following elements is NOT radioactive? a. Plutonium b. Californium c. Uranium d. Cobalt 152. Question: Which of the following refers to a nucleic acid that stores genetic information? a. Cellulose b. Codon c. DNA d. Buffer 153. Question: During chemical reactions, bonds between atoms are broken and new bonds are usually formed. What do you call the starting substances? a. Products b. Reactants c. Catalyst

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d. Ingredients 154. Question: What do you call solutions having the same osmotic pressure? a. Isotonic solutions b. Monohydroxic solutions c. Dihydroxic solutions d. Toxic solutions 155. Question: What is the term used to describe hydrocarbons containing single covalent bonds between carbon atoms? a. alkanes b. alkenes c. alkynes d. allotrope 156. Question: The smallest whole unit of an element like Uranium is: a. molecule b. atom c. ion d. electron 157. Question: What refers to the formation and collapse of minute bubbles of vapor in liquid which caused by a combination of reduced pressure and increased velocity in the fluid? a. cavitation b. stress corrosion c. fatigue corrosion d. precipitation 158. Question: The elements in Group 0 in the periodic table is called_____. a. light metals b. rare earth metals c. noble gas

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d. heavy metals

159. Question: A pair of electrical conductors of dissimilar materials so joined as to produce a thermal emf when the junctions are of different temperatures. a. potentiometer b. piezoelectric c. thermocouple d. solar heating 160. Question: Bases will turn red litmus paper to what color? a. blue b. yellow c. violet d. green 161. Question: Which of the following refers to the diffusion of a solvent into a stronger solution in an attempt to equalize the two concentrations? a. purification b. electrolysis c. osmosis d. hydrolysis 162. Question: The formula for Dinitrogen Pentoxide is: a. N2O5

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b. (NO)5 c. NO d. none of these 163. Question: Which of the following will occur if a substance is oxidized? a. it absorbs energy b. it loses electrons c. it becomes more negative d. it gives off heat

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168. Question: At the same, pressure and temperature, equal volumes of all gasses contain equal number of molecules. This is known as a. Boyles Law b. Faradays Law c. Avogadros Law d. Charles Law

164. Question: What type of reaction has one element and one compound as reactants? a. direct combination or synthesis b. decomposition of analysis c. single displacement d. double displacement 165. Question: Which of the following is the atomic number of silicon? a. 32 b. 24 c. 14 d. 28 166. Question: Dielectric is another name for _____. a. a conductor b. an element c. an insulator d. a capacitor 167. Question: Which of the following refers to the change from gaseous to liquid phase? a. condensation b. vaporization c. sublimation d. ionization

169. Question: The galvanic cell is not dependent of which factor? a. temperature b. pressure c. volume d. chemical substance 170. Question: Which of the following refers to the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atm? a. atomic weight b. atomic mass c. atomic constant d. atomic number 171. Question: One of the following statements is wrong. Which one is it? a. Electron is an elementary quantity of negative electricity b. proton is an elementary quantity of positive electricity c. an atom is composed of a central nucleus and orbital electrons d. the mass of an electron is heavier than that of a proton 172. Question:

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During a chemical reactions, bonds between atoms are broken and new bonds are usually formed. The ending substance is called _____. a. products b. reactants c. catalyst d. ingredients 173. Question: What is the smallest subdivision of an element of compound that can exist in a natural state? a. atom b. molecule c. ion d. element 174. Question: The sharing of one or more electron pairs between nuclei. It usually occurs when the electronegativity difference between bonding species is less than 1.5 a. Bridge Bonding b. Ionic Bonding c. Covalent Bonding d. Valence Bonding 175. Question: The name of this group is the chalcogen (oxygen) family. a. Group IIA b. Group IVA c. Group VIA d. Group VIIIA 176. Question: The amount of energy to change 1 g of liquid to gas at its boiling point. a. enthalpy of formation b. enthalpy of fusion c. enthalpy of reaction d. enthalpy of vaporization

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177. Question: The fragmentation of a crystal along a characteristic crystallographic direction, caused by lines of weakness in constituent atomic groups. a. cleavage b. fracture c. luster d. streak

178. Question: A bond formed by the sideways overlap of two parallel p orbitals. a. Peptide Bond b. Pi Bond c. Saturated Bond d. Delta Bond 179. Question: This indicator turns into colorless if the substance is acidic. a. Phenolphthalein b. Methyl orange c. Litmus paper d. Bromthymol blue 180. Question: A chemical structure with definite formula for which there exists one or more distinct structures with the same formula. a. Isomer b. Radical c. Group d. Colloid 181. Question:

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A substance that can be decomposed into 2 or more simpler substances by ordinary chemical means. a. Element b. Mixture c. Compound d. Solution 182. Question: A theory which treats bonding as an over lapping of ligand orbitals with those of the central atom. a. Ligand Field Theory b. Crystal Fields Theory c. Chelate Effect d. Molecular Orbital Theory

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a. alkenes b. alkanes c. cycloalkanes d. alkynes 187. Question: The process of producing ions from neutral species. a. Fractional Distillation b. Hydration c. Recombination d. Ionization 188. Question: A chemical bond with sausage roll shape formed by the sideways overlap of two d orbitals. a. Peptide Bond b. Pi Bond c. Saturated Bond d. Delta Bond 189. Question: Multidentate ligands have equal probability of forming a coordination bond as do monodentate ions. a. Ligand Field Theory b. Paulings Rule c. Chelate Effect d. Molecular Orbital Theory 190 Question: It has no definite composition whose members are composed of two or more substances, each retaining its own identifying properties. a. Homogeneous Mixture b. Heterogeneous Mixture c. Aqueous Mixture d. Ingeneous Mixture 191. Question: A chemical compound having one or more unpaired electrons which is capable of bonding with another compound.

183. Question: Known as fools gold. a. Quartz b. Cinnabar c. Feldspar d. Pyrite 184. Question: It is the hardest substance known a. Wad b. Graphite c. Diamond d. Adamantium 185. Question: The splitting of water to form hydrogen and oxygen a. reduction b. electrolysis c. oxidation d. hydrolysis 186. Question: Which is not an open chain hydrocarbon classification?

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a. Labile b. Resonance Hybrid c. Free Radical d. Isodemic Crystal 192. Question: The mineral name for common table salt a. Halite b. Cassierite c. Aragonite d. Calcite 193. Question: Any process that involves the loss of electrons. a. Reduction b. Exsolution c. Oxidation d. Hydrolysis

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b. atomic weight c. mole d. ion 197. Question: A reaction in which an unstable reaction intermediate is found a. Coupled Substitution b. Free Radical Reaction c. Polar Reaction d. Concentrated Reaction 198. Question: A reaction for which the difference between enthalpies of formation between products and reactants is positive. a. Intrathermic b. Exothermic c. Endothermic d. Isothermic

194. Question: Elements normally found in combination with iron and nickel. a. Noble Metals b. Promethium c. Tritium d. Siderophile 195. Question: Any substances that changes the rate of a reaction without being used up. a. Catalyst b. Enzyme c. Reactor d. Stimulus 196. Question: A/An ____ of chemical substances is, by definition, the number in grams corresponding to the atomic or molecular mass. a. atiomic mass

199. Question: The ______ is the heat released of absorbed in a chemical reaction at constant pressure when simple substances combine into a more complex substance. a. enthalpy of formation b. enthalpy of fusion c. enthalpy of reaction d. enthalpy of vaporization 200. Question: Characteristic based upon the reaction of a substance with other materials. a. Chemical Property b. Colligative Property c. Nuclear Property d. Physical Property 201. Question:

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A symmetrical intergrowth of two or more crystals of the same substance. a. Twin b. Isomer c. Epitaxis d. Habit 202. Question: A compound which is gaseous at ambient temperature and pressure and which is easily melted. a. Volatile b. Soluble c. Liquidus d. Solidus 203 Question: The energy required to form gaseous monatomic species. a. Bond Energy b. Dissociation Energy c. Activation Energy d. Light Energy 204. Question: The amount of energy released as on mole of a given substance is burned in the presence of oxygen. a. Nuclear Energy b. Enthalpy of Reaction c. Trans Effect d. Heat of Combustion 205. Question: The most diamagnetic naturally occurring material. a. Iron b. Gallium c. Bismuth d. Silicon 206. Question: Any Process that involves the gain of electrons.

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a. Reduction b. Exsolution c. Oxidation d. Hydrolysis 207. Question: The change of the thermodynamic state function enthalpy due to a chemical reaction. a. enthalpy of formation b. enthalpy of fusion c. enthalpy of reaction d. enthalpy of vaporization 208. Question: A concept invented by Linus Pauling to measure the tendency for atoms to form ionic instead of covalent bonds. a. Electromagnetism b. Electropositivity c. Electronegativity d. Electrodynamism

209. Question: A substance whose particles are strongly attracted to each other (e.g., gelatin) a. Colligative b. Hydrophilic c. Hydrophobic d. Cohesive 210. Question: The most common form of calcium carbonate. a. Halite b. Cassierite c. Aragonite d. Calcite 211. Question:

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The substance that undergoes phase change in the process of dissolving a. Radical b. Isomer c. Solvent d. Solute 212. Question: A process in which water molecules are attracted to and form weak bonds with the solute species. a. Hydration b. Oxidation c. Combustion d. Reduction 213. Question: The dissociation of a chemical species resulting from its absorption of a photon. a. Photosynthesis b. Photolithography c. Photosensitization d. Photodissociation

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216. Question: Which bond strength is weak? a. Macromolecular covalent bonds b. Ionic bonds c, Hydrogen bonds d. Van der Waals forces 217. Question: Occurs with the bonding electron pair remaining intact. a. Coupled Substitution b. Free Radical Reaction c. Polar Reaction d. Concentrated Reaction 218. Question: A mixture composed of a suspended and a mobile phase. a. Isomer b. Radical c. Suspension d. Colloid

214. Question: _____ is the mineral name for lead sulfide (PbS). It is the most important ore of lead. a. Saltpeter b. Gypsum c. Galena d. Silicate 215. Question: A substance that does not undergo chemical reactions is said to be _____. a. inert b. labile c. alkaline d. amorphous

219. Question: A/An _____ is a biological catalyst. a. Amino acids b. Genes c. DNA d. Enzyme 220. Question: The first covalent bond formed between two nuclei is always a _____. They are formed when two s orbitals, one s and one p orbital, two p orbitals, or two d orbitals overlap. a. Peptide Bond b. Pi Bond c. Sigma Bond

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d. Bridge Bond 221. Question: The process by which solutions are decomposed into their components by using differences in their boiling points. a. Fractional Distillation b. Filtration c. Recombination d. Ionization 222. Question: Filtration through a semi-permeable membrane used to separate colloids. a. Dialysis b. Hydrolysis c. Electrolysis d. Chromatography 223. Question: In orbitals of identical energy, electrons remain unpaired if possible in order to minimize electronelectron repulsion. a. Spin Multiplicity Rule b. Selection Rules c. Hunds Rule d. Paulings Rules 224. Question: Elements with the same outermost shell are said to belong to the same _____. a. spin b. period c. valence d. slot 225. Question: An alkyl sulfate alkali. a. Detergent b. Acetone c. Ethylene

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d. Oil 226. Question: The process whereby an excited species transfers its energy to another excited species which subsequently undergoes a reaction a. Photosynthesis b. Photolithography c. Photosensitization d. Photodissociation 227. Question: _____ is the study of hydrocarbon compounds, i.e. substances consisting of the elements hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen. a. Inorganic Chemistry b. Organic Chemistry c. Quantum Chemistry d. Biochemistry 228. Question: _____ displays all chemical elements systematically in order of increasing atomic number. a. Phase Diagram b. Polarization Spectrum c. Periodic Table d. Elements Archive

229. Question: A substance composed of a single type of atom a. Atom b. Compound c. Solution d. Colloid 230. Question: A group of elements which are gaseous at room temperature and pressure, and called so because they rarely bond with other elements.

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a. Tetratomic Elements b. Noble Gases c. Alkali d. Lanthanide 231. Question: An element which is not found naturally on Earth. It has been found in the star HR465 in Andromeda. a. Adamantium b. Promethuim c. Tritium d. Adolinium 232. Question: A form of elemental carbon which, because of its sheet structure, is an excellent lubricant. a. graphite b. Carbon c. Soot d. Coal 233. Question: Which is not one of the periodic properties? a. electronegativity b. electron affinity c. radioactive decay coefficient d. atomic radius

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a. Halide b. Lanthanide c. Alkalide d. Sulfide 236. Question: A reaction for which the difference between enthalpies of information between products and reactants is negative. a. Intrathermic b. Exothermic c. Endothermic d. Isothermic 237. Question: The quantity of energy released as one mole of bonds are produced between atoms. a. Bond Energy b. Light Energy c. Activation Energy d. Atomization Energy 238. Question: An ion with negative charge a. Cation b. Anion c. Muon d. Neutrino

234. Question: The reflection of light beam passing through a colloid which identifies the presence of suspended particles. a. Tyndall Effect b. Brownian Movement c. Raoults Law d. Trans Effect 235. Question: An ionic compound containing a halogen.

239. Question: _____ is a measure of the acidity of alkalinity of a substance. a. HP b. dB c. pH d. Pro-V 240. Question: Two-phase mixture composed of a dispersed and continuous phase.

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a. Isomer b. Radical c. Suspension d. Colloid 241. Question: A solvent for atoms. a. Flux b. Water c. Inert Gases d. Kryptonite 242. Question: A class of matter with definite properties whose members are composed of two or more substances, each retaining its own identifying properties. a. Homogeneous Mixture b. Heterogeneous Mixture c. Solid Solution d. Ingeneous Matter 243. Question: A crystal for which all bonds have the same electrostatic valency. a. Labile b. Resonance Hybrid c. Free Radical d. Isodemic Crystal 244. Question: The ______ is a system of reference materials against whose hardness a sample is compared. a. Richter scale b. Mohs hardness scale c. Cavendish balance d. Brinell hardness model 245. Question: Magma with most of the gas component escaped. a. Lava b. Cinder

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c. Sulphur d. Coal 246. Question: Minerals having high melting temperatures. a. Endogenic b. andesitic c. Granitic d. Basaltic 247. Question: _____ minerals are those having low melting temperatures. a. Endogenic b. Andesitic c. Granitic d. Basaltic 248. Question: The transfer of one or more electrons from a metal to a nonmetal. Electron transfer usually occurs when the electronegativity difference between bonding species is 1.5 or more. a. Bridge Bonding b. Ionic Bonding c. Covalent Bonding d. Valence Bonding

249. Question: The non-random overgrowth of two compositionally different crystalline substances. a. Twin b. Isomer c. Epitaxis d. Habit

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250. Question: The angles between equivalent faces of crystals of the same substance, measured at the same temperature, are constant. a. Bravais Law b. Hall Effect c. Tyndall Effect d. Steno Law 251. Question: The chemical element having the greatest binding energy per nucleon. a. Iron b. Gallium c. Bismuth d. Platinum 252. Question: Any type of reaction that involves the pairing of unpairing of electrons. a. Coupled Substitution b. Free Radical Reaction c. Polar Reaction d. Concentrated Reaction 253. Question: It is the form of oxygen consisting of three bound oxygen atoms. a. Halogen b. Halide c. Oxide d. Ozone 254. Question: A group of elements with similar properties in which the outer-most electron shell is a partially filled f sublevel. a. Tetratomic Elements b. Noble Gases c. Alkali d. Lanthanide

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255. Question: A substance whose particles are only weakly attracted to each other (e.g., water) a. Colligative b. Hydrophilic c. Hydrophobic d. Refractory 256. Question: A class of homogeneous matter which has a definite composition by weight. a. compound b. mixture c. element d. substance 257. Question: In the periodic table, Group IA is for the: a. Halogens b. Light metals c. Alkaline metals d. Alkali metals 258. Question: A covalent bond formed through a condensation reaction that involves removal of a water molecule. a. Peptide Bond b. Pi Bond c. Sigma Bond d. Bridge Bond

259. Question: Which group is the nitrogen family? a. Group VA b. Group IVA c. Group IIIA d. Group IIA

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260. Question: Litmus paper turns into _____ is the substance is basic. a. colorless b. yellow c. red d. blue 261. Question: A property which depends only on the number of particles present, and not their chemical composition. a. Chemical Property b. Colligative Property c. Nuclear Property d. Physical Property 262. Question: The amount of energy to change 1g of solid to liquid at its melting point. a. enthalpy of formation b. enthalpy of fusion c. enthalpy of reaction d. enthalpy of evaporation 263. Question: The process whereby an initially homogeneous solid solution separates into two (or more) distinct crystalline minerals without the addition or removal of materials to or from the system. a. Reduction b. Exsolution c. Oxidation d. Hydrolysis

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c. Fission d. Reduction 265. Question: An ion with positive charge. a. Cation b. Anion c. Muon d. Neutrino 266. Question: A cell which uses the flow of electrons from a spontaneous chemical reaction to do outside work. a. Daniel Cell b. Gravity Cell c. Concentration Cell d. Galvanic Cell 267. Question: The anion OH-. a. Hydride b. Oxide c. Hydroxide d. Nitrate 268. Question: A measure of the tendency of a gas to escape or expand. a. Compressibility b. Fugacity c. Vaporizability d. Solubility

264. Question: The separation of component particles from the bulk or mass. a. Dissociation b. Atomization

269. Question: An ionic theory which is an offshoot of electrostatic theory. It ignores all covalent bonding effects.

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a. Ligand Field Theory b. Crystal Fields Theory c. Chelate Effect d. Molecular Orbital Theory 270. Question: A purple form of quartz whose color arises from Fe+4. a. Amethyst b. Ruby c. Topaz d. Peridot 271. Question: A/An _____ is a hydrocarbon consisting only of single carboncarbon bonds a. Alkyne b. Alkene c. Alkane d. Amide 272. Question: A large polypeptide of the kind found in living organisms. a. Amino Acid b. Protein c. Minerals d. Fatty Acid 273. Question: It is the code in which almost all genetic information is encoded. a. Transfer RNA b. Ribosomal RNA c. Ribonucleic Acid d. Deoxyribonucleic Acid 274. Question: A sample of glass is a supercooled liquid rather than a true solid because it has _____. a. a definite volume b. no definite volume

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c. a crystalline structure d. no crystalline structure 275. Question: Two immiscible liquids, when shaken together, may form a _______. a. solution b. sediment c. hydrated solution d. colloidal dispersion 276. Question: Which of the following is not a pure substance? a. water b. milk c. hydrogen d. oxygen 277. Question: Which of the following is not an isotope of hydrogen? a. hydrogen b. deuterium c. tritium d. uranium 278. Question: Which of the following is formed by the transfer of electrons from one atom to another? a. allotrope b. ion c. isotope d. molecule 279. Question: The modern periodic table is based on atomic _______. a. number b. radius c. charge d. mass

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280. Question: The gram molecular mass for H2SO4 is ______ grams. a. 7 b. 64 c. 98 d. 196 281. Question: The rate of chemical reaction can be increased by _______. a. increasing the surface area of the reactants b. decreasing the reaction temperature c. decreasing the concentration of the reactants d. removing the catalyst 282. Question: Which of the following is not a characteristic of a base? a. has a bitter taste b. feels smooth and slippery c. turns litmus from red to blue d. typically reacts vigorously with metals 283. Question: Oxidation involves reactions in which ______. a. a substance gains one or more electrons b. a substance loses one or more electrons c. oxygen has been removed from the reactants d. oxygen is gained by the reactants 284. Question: A bleach may work if it ______. a. adds hydrogen ions to the stain b. removes electrons during oxidation c. adds electrons to reduce coloration

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d. moves electrons between energy levels 285. Question: An organic compound ______. a. contains carbon b. can be produced synthetically c. both a and b are correct d. neither a nor b is correct 286. Question: Which of the following can be used to bombard atoms? a. protons b. neutrons c. electrons d. all three 287. Question: An atom of which of the following elements has the greatest ability to attract electrons? a. silicon b. bromine c. sulfur d. nitrogen 288. Question: Given the same conditions of temperature, which nobel gas will diffuse most rapidly? a. Kr b. He c. Ne d. Ar 289. Question: When most fuels burn, the products include carbon dioxide and ______, a. hydrogen b. hydrocarbons c. water d. hydroxide

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290. Question: Which type of reaction is occurring when a metal undergoes corrosion? a. neutralization b. polymerization c. saponification d. oxidation-reduction 291. Question: Which part of the Periodic Table contains elements with the strongest metallic properties? a. upper left b. lower left c. upper right d. lower right 292. Question: What is the most abundant element in terms of the number of atoms? a. Hydrogen b. Helium c. Oxygen d. Nitrogen 293. Question: Which noble gas has the smallest atomic number? a. Argon b. Krypton c. Neon d. Helium 294. Question: What is the empirical formula of a compound that contains 85% Ag and 15% F by mass? a. Ag2F b. AgF2 c. Ag2F2 d. AgF

295. Question: A gas has a pressure of 300 torr, a temperature of 400 K, and a volume of 50.0 milliliters. What volume will the gas have at a pressure of 150 torr and a temperature of 200 K? a. 25.0 mL b. 50.0 mL c. 75 mL d. 100 mL 296. Question: How many atoms are present in the formula KAl(SO4)2? a. 6 b. 8 c. 10 d. 12 297. Question: How many liters of gas would 1.5 moles occupy at STP? a. 15.0 b. 4.5 c. 33.6 d. 44.6 298. Question: If an element has an atomic number of 11, it will combine most readily with an element that has an atomic number of _____. a. 16 b. 17 c. 18 d. 19 299. Question: Which of the following statements is true? a. chlorine changes in color b. chlorine changes in density c. chlorine changes into liquid

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d. chlorine reacts explosively to form sodium chloride 300. Question: Which of the following is a compound? a. milk b. gold c. table salt d. ink 301. Question: Golds atomic number is 79. How many neutrons are there in 197 Au? a. 79 b. 118 c. 197 d. 276 302. Question: Which of the following is an element? a. H2O b. O3 c. CO2 d. C2H4 303. Question: Which of the following is the empirical formula for glucose, a substance known as blood sugar, whose molecular formula is C6H12O6? a. CH2O b. CHO c. C2H4O d. CHO6 304. Question: Which of the following is the name of the compound K2SO4? a. potassium sulfate b. sulphuric oxide c. potassium oxide d. silver nitrate

305. Question: Which of the following balances this equation: Na(s) + H2O(l) NaOH(aq) + H2(g)? a. Na(s) + 2H2O(l) NaOH(aq) + H2(g) b. 2Na(s) + 2H2O(l) 2NaOH(aq) + H2(g) c. Na(s) + 2H2O(l) NaOH(aq) + H2(g) d. Na(s) + 2H2O(l) NaOH(aq) + H2(g) 306. Question: What is the formula weight of C12H22O11(sucrose)? The atomic weights of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen are 12.0 amu, 1.0 amu and 16.0 amu, respectively. a. 29.0 amu b. 47.0 amu c. 76.0 amu d. 342.0 amu 307. Question: What is the mass of 1 mol of glucose, C6H12O6? The atomic weights of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen are 12.0 amu, 1.0 amu and 16.0 amu, respectively. a. 180.0 amu b. 360.0 amu c. 53.0 amu d. 90.0 amu 308. Question: A 1M solution contains 20 grams of solute in 500 milliliters of solution. What is the mass of 1 mole of the solute?

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a. 10 g b. 20 g c. 40 g d. 80 g

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313. Question: Which of the following will happen if a gas in an enclosed container is heated? a. pressure increases b. temperature decreases c. volume increases d. volume decreases 314. Question: How can a bigger crystals of table salt be commercially produced? a. slow solar evaporation b. fast solar heating c. boiling in a cauldron d. heating over a sand bath 315. Question: The natural fragrance of plants is attributed to the presence of ______. a. alkanes b. esters c. alcohols d. acetone 316. Question: A solution is made containing 6.9 g of NaHCO3 per 100 g of water. What is the weight percentage of solute in this solution? a. 93.5% b. 89.7% c. 6.5% d. 10.3% 317. Question: In terms of total mass, carbon monoxide (CO) is the most abundant of all pollutant gases. The most serious source of carbon monoxide poisoning comes from ______. a. cigarette smoking b. smoke from factories c. smoke from vehicles d. smoke from forest fires

309. Question: What is the kinetic energy in calories of a 6.0 kg object moving at a speed of 5.0 m/s? a. 30 cal b. 18 cal c. 1.2 cal d. 0.16 cal 310. Question: What is the formula for a compound formed between aluminum and oxygen? (The atomic number of aluminum is 13 while that of oxygen is 8). a. Al2O3 b. Al3O5 c. AlO2 d. Al3O4 311. Question: What is the volume of exactly 1 mol of gas at 0C (273.15 K) and exactly 1 atm pressure? a. 27.31 L b. 31.32 L c. 22.41 L d. 17.42 L 312. Question: Which of the following substances is most likely to exist as a gas at room temperature and normal atmospheric pressures? a. P4O10 b. Cl2 c. AgCl d. I2

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318. Question: Which of the following is not a non conventional source of biogas? a. animal manure b. petroleum c. ipil-ipil d. cassava 319. Question: When mercury is placed in a small test tube, a convex surface may be seen. This shows that ______. a. cohesive force is stronger than adhesive force b. cohesive force is weaker than adhesive force c. cohesive and adhesive forces are the same d. cohesive force is stronger at the bottom 320. Question: Which is a statement of quantitative description? a. one bottle holds more liquid than the other b. the color of one liquid is darker than the other c. the liquid in one bottle is more cloudy than the other d. the liquid in one bottle is 5 mL more than that in the other 321. Question: The mass number of an element is 16 and its atomic number is 8. How many neutrons does it have? a. 16 b. 8 c. 24 d. 48 322. Question:

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What kind of substance turns blue litmus paper into red and is classified as a proton donor? a. a salt b. an acid c. a base d. a metal 323. Question: LPG or liquefied petroleum gas is a mixture of C3H8 and C4H10. This mixture is ______ and ______. a. propane, butane b. ethane, methane c. propane, methane d. propane, butane 324. Question: Which unit is used to express the amount of energy absorbed or released during a chemical reaction? a. calorie b. torr c. degree d. kilogram 325. Question: A compound with an empirical formula of CH2 has a molecular mass of 70. What is the molecular formula? a. C2H4 b. C4H8 c. CH2 d. C5H10 326. Question: Which are the products of a fermentation reaction? a. a soap and a glycerol b. an alcohol and carbon dioxide c. an ester and water d. a salt and water 327. Question:

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The number of calories per gram required to melt ice at its melting point is called ______. a. sublimation b. heat of fusion c. vapor pressure d. heat of vaporization

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Toward which corner of the Periodic Table is located the elements that have the most pronounced nonmetallic properties? a. upper right b. lower right c. upper left d. lower left 332. Question: Which process occurs when dry ice is changed into carbon dioxide? a. crystallization b. sublimation c. condensation d. solidification 333. Question: What is the number of an atom which contains 25 electrons, 25 protons, and 29 neutrons? a. 50 amu b. 342.0 amu c. 25 amu d. 54 amu 334. Question: Which electron dot formula represents a nonpolar molecules? H a. H:C:Cl: H H b. H:N: H H c. H:C:H H H d. H:Cl:C H 335. Question: How many moles of water are contained on 0.250 mole of CuSO4 5H2O?

328. Question: A liquid has one phase, is colorless and odorless and boils at a temperature range of 110-120C. This liquid is called _____. a. solution b. colloid c. substance d. heterogenous mixture 329. Question: A white solid that melts sharply was observed to yield a colorless liquid and a black solid when burned. Which term best describes the solid? a. element b. mixture c. substance d. compound 330. Question: The forces of attraction that exist between nonpolar molecules are called ____. a. ionic b. van der Waals c. electrovalent d. atomic 331. Question:

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a. 62.5 b. 0.5 c. 1.25 d. 75 336. Question: What is the mass of 3.0 x 1023 atoms of neon? a. 10 g b. 7 g c. 30 g d. 5 g

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When the pressure exerted on a confined gas at constant temperature is doubled, the volume of the gas is _____. a. constant b. halved c. tripled d. quartered 341. Question: The number of electrons in a neutral atom of every element is always equal to the atoms _______. a. number of nucleons b. number of neutrons c. number of positrons d. number of protons

337. Question: When a battery is in use, stored chemical energy is first changed to ______ energy. a. light b. electrical c. mechanical d. nuclear 338. Question: In the reaction Zn(s) + Cu2+(aq) + Cu(s), the reducing agent is ______. a. Zn(s) b. Cu(s) c. Cu2+(aq) d. Cu2+ 339. Question: Which compound contains both covalent bonds and ionic bonds? a. HCl(g) b. N2O5(g) c. NaCl(s) d. NaNO3(s) 340. Question:

342. Question: Which is a product of the hydrolysis of an animal by a strong base? a. gasoline b. water c. kerosene d. soap 343. Question: The atom of carbon-14 contains _______. a. 6 protons, 8 neutrons, and 8 electrons b. 6 protons, 8 neutrons, and 6 electrons c. 6 protons, 6 neutrons, and 8 electrons d. 8 protons, 6 neutrons, and 6 electrons 344. Question: Which formula represents a binary compound? a. O2 b. Ne

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c. 2C2H5OH d. C3H8 345. Question: Which temperature represents absolute zero? a. 0C b. 273K c. 0 K d. 273C 346. Question: When a salt dissolves in water, the water molecules are attracted by dissolved salt particles. This attraction is called _______. a. atom-atom b. molecule-ion c. molecule-molecule d. atom-molecule 347. Question: An example of a heterogeneous mixture is ______. a. stainless steel b. soil c. sugar d. carbon monoxide 348. Question: Water will boil at temperature of 40C when the pressure on its surface is ______. a. 25.5 torr b. 40 torr c. 55.3 torr d. 760 torr 349. Question: How are elements classified? a. metals, non-metals and metalloids b. homogeneous or heterogeneous c. suspension, colloid, solution d. gases, solids or liquids

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350. Question: Compounds are mostly classified as a. homogeneous and heterogeneous b. acids and bases c. gases, liquids and solids d. metals and nonmetals 351. Question: What is the property of metals that allow them to be rolled without breaking? a. ductility b. malleability c. luster d. elasticity 352. Question: What is the property of metals that reflect the light that strikes their surfaces, making them appear shiny?

a. malleability b. ductility c. luster d. plasticity 353. Question: An acid can react with a base to produce a _____. a. hydrogen gas b. salt c. oxide d. hydroxide 354. Question: Compounds that contain halogens are called _____. a. amines b. halides c. ethers d. aldehydes 355. Question:

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The organic compounds that contains oxygen but not in the carbonyl group are called ___. a. alcohols and ethers b. amines and amides c. halides d. aldehydes 356. Question: Which of the following is NOT a property of metals? a. metals are neither malleable nor ductile b. metals have high thermal conductivity c. metals have high electrical conductivity d. metals have more luster

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Which of the following is NOT a property of bases? a. feel slippery on the skin b. turn litmus paper to blue c. taste bitter d. dissolve metals producing various salts and hydrogen gas 360. Question: What organic compounds contain the hydroxyl as the functional group and are considered derivatives of water? a. alcohols b. ethers c. aldehydes d. ketones 361. Question: What organic compounds contain nitrogen? a. halides b. amines and amides c. alcohols d. ethers

357. Question: What are elements that have properties intermediate between metals and nonmetals? a. gases b. solids c. liquids d. metalloids 358. Question: Which of the following is NOT a property of acids? a. taste sour b. feel slippery on the skin c. turn litmus paper to red d. dissolve metals producing various salts and hydrogen gas 359. Question:

362. Question: What organic compounds in which two hydrocarbon groups that can be aliphatic or aromatic are attached to one oxygen atom? a. amines b. alcohols c. ethers d. halides 363. Question: Vinegar is a solution of water and what acid? a. Phosphoric acid b. Sulfuric acid c. Nitric acid d. Acetic acid

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364. Question: What acid is added to carbonated drinks to produce a tart test? a. Citric acid b. Phosphoric acid c. Sulfuric acid d. Nitric acid 365. Question: Table salt or sodium chloride may be formed by the reaction of: a. Hydrochloric acid and sodium bicarbonate b. Sodium and chlorine c. Hydrochloric acid and Sodium carbonate d. Hydrochloric acid and sodium Hydroxide 366. Question: The masses of elements in a pure compound are always in the same proportion. This statement is known as _______. a. Law of multiple proportion b. Law of definite proportion c. The periodic table d. Daltons atomic theory 367. Question: How does Joseph John Thomson call his model of the atom? a. Orbital model b. Planetary model c. Radioactive model d. Plum-pudding model 368. Question: The discovery of radioactivity further confirms the existence of subatomic particles. Who discovered radioactivity? a. Henri Becquerel b. Marie Curie c. Pierre Curie d. Niels Bohr

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369. Question: Atoms of the same element which have different masses are called _______. a. molecules b. ions c. nuclides d. isotopes 370. Question: What is an atom of specific isotope called? a. Nuclide b. Ion c. Molecule d. Fermion 371. Question: The number of _____ in an atom defines what element the atom is a. neutrons b. electrons c. protons d. protons and electrons 372. Question: The number of _____ in an atom defines the isotopes of an element. a. neutrons b. protons c. electrons d. protons and neutrons 373. Question: What is the identity number of an atom? a. Atomic number b. Mass number c. Atomic mass d. Atomic weight 374. Question: When the elements are arranged in the order of increasing atomic

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number, elements with similar properties appear at periodic intervals. This statement is known as ______. a. Law of multiple proportion b. Law of definite proportion c. The periodic law d. Daltons atomic theory 375. Question: Who are the two chemists credited for the discovery of the periodic law? a. Julius Lothar Meyer and Demitri Ivanovich Mendeleev b. Humphrey Davy and Henri Becquerel c. Henri Becquerel and Ernest Rutherford d. Ernest Rutherford and Julius Lothar Meyer 376. Question: The elements with similar properties are placed in columns of the periodic table . This columns are commonly called ______. a. Periods b. Transitions c. Groups d. Groups or families 377. Question: What are the rows in the periodic table called? a. periods b. transitions c. groups d. families 378. Question: Elements in Group 1A in the periodic table are ______. a. Boron group b. Alkali earth metals c. Alkali metals

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d. Carbon group 379. Question: Elements in Group IIA in the periodic table are _______. a. Halogens b. Alkaline earth metals c. Alkali metals d. Nitrogen group 380. Question: The boron group is what group in the periodic table? a. Group IIIA b. Group IVA c. Group VA d. Group VIA 381. Question: What group in the periodic table is the carbon group? a. Group IIIA b. Group IVA c. Group VA d. Group VIA 382. Question: What is the second most abundant element in the human body? a. Carbon b. Hydrogen c. Oxygen d. Nitrogen 383. Question: Which of the following is not a metalloid? a. Antimony b. Boron c. Magnesium d. Silicon 384. Question:

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Caustic soda is used making soap, textiles and paper. What is another term for caustic soda? a. Sodium benzoate b. Sodium hydroxide c. Potassium chlorate d. Cesium bromide 385. Question: What is used for the manufacture of explosives and fireworks? a. Magnesium hydroxide b. Potassium chlorate c. Potassium perchlorate d. Cesium bromide 386. Question: All alkaline metals will tarnish in air except ______. a. Magnesium b. Barium c. Radium d. Beryllium 387. Question: What alkali metal is usually used for x-ray apparatus because of its ability to allow x-rays to pass through with minimum absorption? a. Magnesium b. Radium c. Beryllium d. Barium

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389. Question: What element is used as electric power source for pacemakers and artificial hearts? a. Promethium b. Neodymium c. Uranium d. Plutonium 390. Question: What element is commonly used in making lasers? a. Chromium b. Neodymium c. Promethium d. Terbium 391. Question: What is regarded as the most unique element in the periodic table? a. Hydrogen b. Oxygen c. Carbon d. Uranium 392. Question: What is the most abundant element in the atmosphere? a. Oxygen b. Nitrogen c. Helium d. Inert gases 393. Question: What is the only gas in Group VIA in the periodic table? a. Hydrogen b. Helium c. Oxygen d. Nitrogen 394. Question: What is the second most abundant element in the atmosphere?

388. Question: What element is used as a coating for iron to make galvanized iron a corrosion-resistant material? a. Magnesium b. Titanium c. Zinc d. Chromium

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a. Hydrogen b. Helium c. Oxygen d. Nitrogen 395. Question: What element is used in advertising signs? a. Neon b. Helium c. Sodium d. Xenon 396. Question: What principle stress about fundamental limitation that, for a particular as small as the electron, one cannot know exactly where it is and at the same time know its energy or how it is moving? a. Aufbau principle b. Uncertainty principle c. Pauli exclusion principle d. Kinetic molecular theory 397. Question: Who discovered the uncertainty principle? a. Werner Karl Heisenberg b. Louie de Broglie c. Albert Einstein d. John Newlands

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a. Aufbau principle b. Uncertainty principle c. Pauli exclusion principle d. Kinetic molecular theory 399. Question: What principle states that no two electrons in the same atom can have the same set of quantum numbers? a. Aufbau principle b. Uncertainty principle c. Pauli exclusion Principle d. Kinetic molecular theory 400. Question: What describes how the electrons and distributed among the orbitals? a. Electronegativity of the element b. Electron configuration of an atom c. Energy state of the atom d. Pauli exclusion principle 401. Question: The _____ of the atom describes the atom as having a nucleus at the center around which electrons move? a. spin number b. quantum mechanical model c. quantum number d. azimuthal number 402. Question: What are the main energy level where the valence electrons belong called? a. valence shells b. azimuthal shells c. spin shells d. quantum shells 403. Question: The size of the atom is dependent on _______. a. The size of the nucleus

398. Question: What principle states that the electrons fill the orbitals, one at a time, starting with the lowest energy orbital then proceeding to the one with higher energy?

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b. the region of space occupied by its electrons c. the number of protons and neutrons d. all of the choices above 404. Question: What happens to the atomic size of the elements in a group when you go from top to bottom of the group? a. it remains the same b. it increases c. it decreases d. it becomes zero 405. Question: The ionization energy is ______ to the atomic size of atom. a. directly proportional b. inversely proportional c. equal to d. not related 406. Question: What alkaline earth metal has the smallest atomic number? a. Beryllium b. Magnesium c. Calcium d. Barium 407. Question: The process of gaining or losing an electron results in the formation of a charged atom or molecule called ______. a. ion b. cation c. anion d. crystal

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Aside from liquid, gas and solid, there are two other states of matter. What are they? a. Plasma and Quark b. Quartz and Plasma c. Quartz and Quasar d. Plasma and Bose-Einstein condensate 409. Question: Who first identified the plasma in 1879? a. William Crookes b. Irving Langmuir c. Albert Einstein d. Eric Cornell 410. Question: Who coined the term plasma in 1928? a. William Crookes b. Irving Langmuir c. Albert Einstein d. Eric Cornell 411. Question: What is made of gas atoms that have been cooled to near absolute zero at which temperature the atoms slow down, combine and forma a single entity known called a superatom? a. Ionized gas b. Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) c. Plasma d. Quark 412. Question: The fifth state of matter, the BEC (Bose-Einstein condensate) was first created in what year? a. 1992 b. 1993 c. 1994 d. 1995

408. Question:

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413. Question: The elements of groups IA, IIA, IIIA, IVA, VA, VIA, VIIA and VIIIA are called main group elements or ______. a. transitions b. representatives c. inner transitions d. metals or nonmetals 414. Question: For the representative elements, the number of valence electrons is the same as the ______. a. number of electrons b. number of neutrons c. the rightmost digit of the group number of element d. number of electrons less the number of neutrons 415. Question: For transition elements, the number of valence electrons is the same as ______. a. the group number b. the rightmost digit of the group number of the element c. the number of electrons less the number of neutrons d. the number of electrons less the number of protons 416. Question: What is a high-energy, electrically charged gas produced by heating the gas until the electrons in the outer orbitals of the atoms separate, leaving the atoms with a positive charge? a. Quartz b. Quark c. BEC d. Plasma

417. Question: Water has the biggest density when it is in what state? a. Liquid b. Gas c. Solid d. Vapor 418. Question: What is the temperature of water in solid state at 1 atm? a. 4C b. 25C c. 0C d. 5C 419. Question: The density of water is the largest in what temperature? a. 2C b. 1C c. 3C d. 4C 420. Question: What element has a very high melting point and ideal for filaments of light bulbs? a. Barium b. Aluminum c. Tungsten d. Titanium 421. Question: Metals can be drawn into wires. This illustrates what property of metals? a. Malleability b. Ductility c. Rigidity d. Plasticity 422. Question: Steel is the widely used construction material because of its high tensile

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strength. It is combination of what elements? a. Iron and carbon b. Iron and aluminum c. Lead and carbon d. Lead and aluminum 423. Question: What refers to the electrostatic attraction that holds together the oppositely charged ions, the cations and anions, in the solid compound? a. Electronic bond b. Metallic bond c. Covalent bond d. Ionic bond 424. Question: What states that atoms tend to gain, lose or share electrons until they are surrounded by eight valence electrons? a. Figure of 8 rule b. Octet rule c. Ionic rule d. Lewis rule 425. Question: What indicates the number of valence electrons in the atom represented by dots scattered on four sides of the atomic symbol? a. Electron dot structure b. Lewis structure c. Crystalline structure d. Electrons dot structure or Lewis structure 426. Question: What is the distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms called? a. bond length b. molecular length c. atomic distance d. atomic radius

427. Question: The overall shape of a molecule is described by which two properties? a. bond distance and bond size b. bond distance and bond angle c. bond radius and bond angle d. bond angle and bond size 428. Question: What is an angle made by the lines joining the nuclei of the atoms in the molecule? a. atomic angle b. bond angle c. molecular angle d. ionic angle 429. Question: The best arrangement of a given number of shared and unshared electrons is the one that minimizes the repulsion among them. This is known as ______. a. valence bond theory b. electron group theory c. molecular polarity theory d. valence-shell electron-pair repulsion theory 430. Question: A covalent bond is formed by the overlap of atomic orbitals. This statement is the basic idea of which theory? a. Valence bond theory b. Energy group theory c. Molecular polarity theory d. Valence-shell electron-pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory 431. Question:

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The Chalcogens are elements in what group in the periodic table? a. Group VA b. Group VIA c. Group VIIA d. Group IVA 432. Question: Halogens belong to what group in the periodic table? a. Group IVA b. Group VA c. Group VIA d. Group VIIA 433. Question: The elements, germanium and silicon, which are commonly used for semiconductors belongs to what group of elements? a. Boron group b. Carbon group c. Nitrogen group d. Halogens 434. Question: What group in the periodic table are the noble gases? a. Group 0 b. Group VIIIA c. Group VIIA d. Group 0 or VIIIA 435. Question: Which of the following is not a noble gas? a. Argon b. Xenon c. Radon d. Antimony 436. Question: What refers to the ability of an atom in a molecule to attract shared electrons?

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a. electronegativity b. electron affinity c. ionization energy d. periodic number

437. Question: What type of bond occurs when the difference in electronegativity is greater than or equal to 2? a. ionic b. non-polar covalent c. polar covalent d. either non-polar covalent or polar covalent 438. Question: Non polar covalent bond occurs if the difference in electronegativity ranges from a. 0.00 to 0.40 b. 0.50 to 1.90 c. 1.90 to 2.00 d. 2.00 and up 439. Question: When can we say that a molecule is polar? a. when the centers of positive and negative charge do not coincide b. when the centers of positive and negative charge coincide c. when there is no positive nor negative charge d. when there is only one charge, either negative or positive 440. Question: What is the sum of the masses of the atoms in the molecule of the substance called? a. atomic mass b. molecular mass c. formula mass d. atomic weight

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441. Question: What refers to the number of atoms in exactly 12 grams of carbon-12? a. Avogadros number b. mole c. molar mass d. amu 442. Question: Which one is the Avogadros number? a. 6.20 x 1023 b. 6.02 x 1023 c. 6.32 x 1023 d. 6.22 x 1023 443. Question: What is defined as the amount of substance that contains 6.02 x 1023 particles of that substance? a. mole b. molar mass c. avogadros number d. amu 444. Question: What refers to the mass in grams of one mole of a substance? a. molar mass b. molecular mass c. atomic mass d. atomic weight 445. Question: What is the unit of molar mass? a. amu b. mole c. grams d. grams per mole 446. Question: The total pressure of a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of each of the gases in the

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mixture. This statement is known as ______. a. Daltons law of partial pressure b. Gay-Lussac law c. Boyles law d. Charles law

447. Question: The dry air is composed of how many percent nitrogen? a. 73.1% b. 74.4% c. 76.1% d. 78.1% 448. Question: The dry air is composed of how many percent oxygen? a. 20.9% b. 21.2% c. 22.1% d. 23.7% 449. Question: How much carbon dioxide is present in dry air? a. 0.003% b. 0.03% c. 0.3% d. 3% 450. Question: What is the mixing of gases due to molecular motion called? a. diffusion b. effusion c. fission d. fusion 451. Question: What refers to the passage of molecules of a gas from one

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container to another through a tiny opening between the containers? a. diffusion b. Effusion c. fusion d. fission 452. Question: The rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molar mass. Who discovered this? a. Gilbert Lewis b. John Tyndall c. Robert Brown d. Thomas Graham 453. Question: What law states that the rate of effusion of a gas, which is the amount of gas that moves through the hole in a given amount of time, is inversely proportional to the square root its molar mass? a. Henrys law b. Grahams law of effusion c. Hunds law d. Lewis theory 454. Question: What is a poisonous gas generated mostly by motor vehicles? a. carbon monoxide b. carbon dioxide c. hydroxide d. nitric acid 455. Question: Who revised the atomic theory by replacing the hard, indestructible spheres imagined by John Dalton and proposed the rain bread model of the atom? a. Pierre Curie

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b. Robert Andrews Milikan c. Joseph John Thomson d. Ernest Rutherford 456. Question: What is considered as one of the pollutants responsible for smog and acid rain? a. sulfur dioxide b. nitrogen dioxide c. carbon dioxide d. hydroxide 457. Question: What refers to the forces of attraction that exist between molecules in a compound? a. interaction forces b. dispersion forces c. intermolecular forces d. induction forces 458. Question: All are basic types of Van der waals forces except a. Dipole-dipole interaction b. London dispersion forces c. Heat bonding d. Hydrogen bonding 459. Question: The three types of intermolecular forces exist in neutral molecules are collectively known as van der waals forces. This is named after ____ a. Diderik van der Waals b. Derick van der Waals c. Doe van der Waals d. Eric van der Waals 460. Question: a dipole has how many electrically charged poles? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3

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d. 4 461. Question: Compounds containing hydrogen and other element are known as _______. a. hydroxides b. hydrides c. hydros d. hydrates

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b. Sublimation c. Condensation d. Deposition 466. Question: What is the process of changing solid state to gas state? a. Vaporization b. Deposition c. Sublimation d. Condensation

462. Question: What is a special kind of dipoledipole interaction formed when a hydrogen atom bounded to a highly electronegative atom is attracted to the lone pair of a nearby electronegative atom? a. Hydride bond b. Hydro bond c. Hydrogen bond d. Hydrate bond 463. Question: What is the process of changing gas state to liquid state? a. Sublimation b. Condensation c. Deposition d. Vaporization 464. Question: What is the process of changing liquid state to solid state? a. Melting b. Freezing c. Sublimation d. Condensation 465. Question: What is the process of changing liquid state to gas state? a. Vaporization

467. Question: What is the process of changing gas state to solid state? a. Deposition b. Vaporization c. Condensation d. Sublimation 468. Question: What is the process of changing from solid state to liquid state? a. Freezing b. Melting c. Condensation d. Vaporization 469. Question: What refers to the amount of heat absorbed by one mole of a substance to change from solid to liquid? a. molar heat of vaporization b. molar heat of solidification c. molar heat of fission d. molar heat of fusion 470. Question: What refers to the amount of heat required by one mole of a substance to change liquid to gas? a. molar heat of vaporization

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b. molar heat of solidification c. molar heat of condensation d. molar heat of fusion 471. Question: Liquid that vaporizes easily are called ____ liquids. a. volatile b. non-volatile c. surfactant d. hydrophilic

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a. Paracetamol b. Acid c. Ethanol d. Starch 476. Question: What is the term generally used to described the combination of solute molecules or ions with solvent molecules? a. Solubility b. Solvation c. Saturation d. Transformation

472. Question: What is the component of the solution in which the solute is dissolved? a. solvent b. catalyst c. reactant d. medium 473. Question: Bronze is a solid solution of copper and tin. Which of the following is true? a. Tin is the solvent b. Copper is the solute c. Copper is the solvent d. The solution is called aqueous solution 474. Question: When the solvent of the solution is water, it is a/an ______ solution. a. wet b. liquid c. aqueous d. fluid 475. Question: What is the most common solvent in medicines?

477. Question: What is the term used to describe the maximum amount of solute that a given solvent can dissolve to give a stable solution at a given temperature? a. Solubility b. Solvation c. Saturation d. Transformation 478. Question: What refers to the temperature above which a gas cannot be liquefied by an increase in pressure? a. Absolute temperature b. Absolute zero c. Critical temperature d. Maximum temperature 479. Question: What is a homogeneous mixture made of particles that exist as individual molecules or ions? a. solution b. solute c. solvent d. colloid

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480. Question: What is the component of the solution that is dissolved? a. solvent b. solute c. catalyst d. colloid 481. Question: When the maximum amount of solute is dissolved in the given solvent at a stated temperature, the solution formed is ________. a. unsaturated b. saturated c. supersaturated d. undersaturated 482. Question: When the solution contains less solute particles than the maximum amount the solvent can dissolve at that temperature, the solution is _______. a. unsaturated b. saturated c. supersaturated d. undersaturated 483. Question: When the solution contains more solute particles than the solvent can normally hold, the solution is _____. a. unsaturated b. saturated c. supersaturated d. undersaturated 484. Question: What is the most common solution on earth? a. air b. seawater c. blood d. freshwater

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485. Question: Solutions composed of two or more metals are called _______. a. saturated solutions b. supersaturated solutions c. unsaturated solutions d. alloys 486. Question: The solubility of a substance in another substance is affected by the following factors except _____. a. nature of solute and solvent b. pressure c. volume d. temperature

487. Question: Liquids that do not mix are said to be _______. a. miscible b. immiscible c. soluble d. nonsoluble 488. Question: Water and alcohol are both liquids that can be mixed in any proportion. They are said to be ____. a. miscible b. immiscible c. soluble d. nonsoluble 489. Question: How will an increase in temperature in solids affect solubility? a. it will cause a decrease in solubility b. it will not affect solubility at all c. it will slightly affect solubility d. it will cause an increase in solubility

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490. Question: How will an increase in temperature of gases dissolving in liquids affect solubility? a. it will cause a decrease in solubility b. it will not affect solubility at all c. it will slightly affect solubility d. it will cause an increase in solubility 491. Question: How does pressure affects the solubility of gases in liquids? a. it decreases solubility b. it does not affect solubility at all c. it slightly affects solubility d. it increases solubility 492. Question: How does pressure affects the solubility in liquids or of liquids in another liquid? a. it decreases solubility b. it does not affect solubility at all c. it slightly affects solubility d. it increases solubility 493. Question: The solubility of gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of the gas above the solution. This is known as ______. a. Hunds law b. Pascals law c. Henrys law d. Daltons law 494. Question: What is the common unit is used to indicate the mass of a particle? a. Atomic mass unit (amu) b. Charge unit c. Coulomb d. Gram

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495. Question: What is the unit for the charge of a particle? a. Coulomb b. charge unit c. atomic mass unit d. Lepton 496. Question: The protons and neutrons are not considered as fundamental particles because they consist of smaller particles called? a. bosons b. quarks c. leptons d. fermions

497. Question: What refers to the measure of how fast a substance dissolves? a. rate of solubility b. rate of agitation c. rate of dissolution d. rate of solution 498. Question: How can a rate of dissolution be increased? a. reduce particle size b. agitation c. application of heat d. all of the above 499. Question: ______ means there is only a little amount of solute dissolved in a solution. a. concentrated b. dilute c. saturated d. unsaturated

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500. Question: ______ means there is a large amount of solute dissolved in the solution. a. concentrated b. dilute c. saturated d. unsaturated 501. Question: What is the ratio of the number of moles of solute to the volume of the solution in liters? a. molarity b. molality c. formality d. mole fraction

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a. vaporizing b. boiling c. condensing d. sublimation 505. Question: What is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the prevailing atmospheric pressure? a. boiling point b. triple point c. saturation point d. critical point 506. Question: What is the temperature at which liquid and solids are in equilibrium? a. Boiling point b. Resting point c. Freezing point d. Critical point

502. Question: What is the ratio of the number of moles of solute per kilogram of solvent? a. molality b. molality c. formality d. mole fraction 503. Question: What is the process of making a solution less concentrated as in the addition of more solvent? a. concentration b. dilution c. saturation d. colligation 504. Question: What is the process of changing the liquid to gas that is usually accompanied by the production of bubbles of vapor in the liquid?

507. Question: What refers to the decrease in the freezing point of a pure liquid when another substance is dissolved in the liquid? a. Freezing point compression b. Freezing point extension c. Freezing point depression d. Freezing point dilution 508. Question: If two solutions have the same concentration of solute, they are ______. a. hypertonic b. hypotonic c. isotonic d. photonic 509. Question: If one or two solutions has a higher concentration of solute particles than

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the other, the one with the higher concentration is described as _______. a. hypertonic b. hypotonic c. isotonic d. photonic 510. Question: What is in some aerosol products that can cause harm to the atmosphere? a. smog b. Chloroflurocarbons (CFC) c. emulsifying agent d. hydrocarbons 511. Question: What are colloidal dispersions of gas bubbles in liquids or solids? a. emulsions b. aerosols c. foams d. sols 512. Question: What is a colloidal dispersion of a liquid in either a liquid or a solid? a. emulsions b. gels c. foams d. sols 513. Question: What is a solid dispersed in either a solid or liquid? a. emulsions b. gels c. foams d. sols 514. Question: What is defined as a substance which, upon dissolution in or reacting with water causes an increase in the

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concentration of the solvent anion, OH? a. Lewis acid b. Lewis base c. Arrhenius base d. Arrhenius acid 515. Question: What is the dissolution constant of water at 25C? a. 1.8 x 10-15 b. 1.8 x 10-16 c. 1.8 x 10-17 d. 1.8 x 10-18 516. Question: What theory states that an acid is any substance that donates a proton to another substance, and a base is any substance that can accept a proton from any other substance? a. Arrhenius theory b. Bronsted-Lowry theory c. Lewis theory d. pH concept 517. Question: What is a colloidal system in which the dispersed phase consists of fibrous, interwoven particles called fibrils which exert a marked effect on the physical properties of the dispersing medium? a. emulsions b. gels c. foams d. sols 518. Question: Most cosmetics and ointments and creams used in medicines are _____. a. emulsions b. gels c. foams

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d. sols 519. Question: The substance usually used in cleaning toilets bowls and tiles is muriatic acid. What is another term for muriatic acid? a. Nitric acid b. Sulfuric acid c. Hydrochloric acid d. Phosphoric acid 520. Question: Upon dissociation in water, acids yield hydrogen ions while gases yield hydroxide ions. What is this statement commonly called? a. Arrhenius theory b. pH concept c. Bronsted-Lowry theory d. Le Chateliers principle 521. Question: What is defined as the substance which, upon reaction with water, causes an increase in the concentration of the solvent cation, H3 O + ? a. Lewis acid b. Lewis base c. Arrhenius base d. Arrhenius acid 522. Question: What theory states that an acid is a substance that can accept a lone pair from another molecule, and a base is a substance that has a lone pair of electrons? a. Arrhenius theory b. Bronsted-Lowry theory c. Lewis theory d. pH concept 523. Question:

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An acid described as an electron pair acceptor is the ______ acid. a. Arrhenius b. Pure c. Lewis d. Bronsted-Lowry 524. Question: The Bronsted-Lowry acid is: a. a proton donor b. a proton acceptor c. an electron pair acceptor d. an electron pair donor 525. Question: Acids consist of three elements, hydrogen and two nonmetals are called _______. a. triacids b. ternary acids c. oxyacids d. organic acids

526. Question: If one of two nonmetals of a ternary acid is oxygen, the acid is called _______. a. oxide b. oxyacid c. oxide acid d. acidic oxide 527. Question: Which of thee following is the formula of sulfuric acid? a. H2SO4 b. H2SO3 c. H4SO2

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d. HNO2 528. Question: Which of the following is the formula of nitric acid? a. HNO4 b. H2SO3 c. H4SO2 d. HNO3 529. Question: What acid is usually used in vinegars? a. Sulfuric acid b. Acetic acid c. Nitric acid d. Carbonic acid 530. Question: What acid is used in glass itching? a. Acetylsalicylic acid b. Hydroflouric acid c. Phosphoric acid d. Hydrochloric acid 531. Question: What acid is usually present in some fruits? a. citric acid b. Carbonic acid c. Organic acid d. Nitric acid 532. Question: What acid is used in carbonated drinks? a. Carbonic acid b. Hydroflouric acid c. Nitric acid d. Citric acid 533. Question:

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What acid usually used to reduce pain and inflammation such as aspirin and other pain relievers? a. Carbonic acid b. Acetylsalicylic acid c. Nitric acid d. Phosphoric acid 534. Question: The Bronsted-Lowry base is a. a proton donor b. a proton acceptor c. an electron pair acceptor d. an electron pair donor 535. Question: According to Gilbert Lewis, an acidbase reaction as the sharing of an electron pair will form what type of bond? a. coordinate ionic bond b. coordinate covalent bond c. coordinate metallic bond d. coordinate bond 536. Question: What is the type of covalent bond in which the shared electrons are donated by one, not both, of the atoms involved? a. synchronous covalent bond b. coordinate covalent bond c. asynchronous covalent bond d. translating covalent bond 537. Question: What is the term used for the product of a Lewis acid-base reaction? a. oxyacids b. binary acids c. acibas d. adduct 538. Question:

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Acids composed of only two elements, hydrogen and non metal, are called ______. a. binary acids b. ternary acids c. oxyacids d. organic acids 539. Question: What is added to hydrochloride to form hydrochloric acid? a. oxygen b. sulfur c. water d. carbon 540. Question: What acid is usually used in the manufacturer of fertilizers? a. Carbonic acid b. Acetylsalicylic acid c. Sulfuric acid d. Phosphoric acid 541. Question: What acid is used in the manufacture of explosives? a. Carbonic acid b. Acetylsalicylic acid c. Nitric acid d. Phosphoric acid 542. Question: What acid is used in the batteries of cars or automobiles? a. Carbonic acid b. Acetylsalicylic acid c. Sulfuric acid d. Phosphoric acid 543. Question: Bases are compounds consisting of a. metal and oxide ion b. nonmetal and oxide ion

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c. metal and hydroxide ion d. nonmetal and hydroxide ion 544. Question: Which base is used to remove carbon dioxide from air? a. Lithium hydroxide b. Sodium hydroxide c. Aluminum hydroxide d. Magnesium hydroxide 545. Question: Which two substances have the same pH, which is 6.5? a. Saliva and milk b. Orange juice and tomato juice c. Vinegar and calamansi juice d. Urine and apple juice 546. Question: Which is the most acidic? a. vinegar b. calamansi juice c. carbonated drink d. orange juice 547. Question: Which is the best description of strong acids? a. They dissociate or ionize completely in water b. They dont dissociate or ionize completely in water c. They are normally found in vinegars d. They are the acids that do not contain hydrogen 548. Question: Which is the best description of weak acids? a. They dissociate or ionize completely in water b. They do not dissociate or ionize completely in water

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c. They are normally found in hydrogen chloride form d. They are the acids that not found in vinegars 549. Question: What is a measure of the H3O+ concentration of solution? a. pH b. pOH c. Indicator d. OH550. Question: What is the measure of the OHconcentration of a solution? a. pH b. pOH c. Indicator d. OH551. Question: What is the pH of neutral solution? a. 5 b. 6 c. 7 d. 8 552. Question: What is the pH of pure water? a. 6.1 b. 6.5 c. 7 d. 7.4 553. Question: What refers to the reaction between an acid and a base forming salt and water? a. Neutralization b. Titration c. Hydrolysis d. Buffer 554. Question:

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What is the process of measuring the concentration of an acid or base in one solution by adding a base or acid solution of known concentration until the acid or base in the solution of unknown concentration is fully neutralized? a. Neutralization b. Titration c. Hydrolysis d. Buffer 555. Question: What group in the periodic table is the nitrogen group? a. Group VA b. Group VIA c. Group VIIA d. Group IVA 556. Question: What is the atomic number of oxygen? a. 6 b. 7 c. 8 d. 9 557. Question: What is the atomic number of germanium? a. 14 b. 32 c. 18 d. 23

558. Question: What is the most abundant element in the human body?

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a. Hydrogen b. Helium c. Oxygen d. Nitrogen 559. Question: What refers to the point at which the added base or acid solution in titration is enough to fully neutralize the acid or base? a. Neutral point b. Titrant point c. Central point d. Equivalence point 560. Question: Which of the following is the most basic? a. pH 8 b. pH 9 c. pH 11 d. pH 13 561. Question: What is a substance that changes at a certain pH range? a. Litmus paper b. Indicator c. Balancer d. Lichen 562. Question: What base is used as an antacid with no dosage restriction? a. Magnesium hydroxide b. Sodium hydroxide c. Aluminum hydroxide d. Lithium hydroxide 563. Question: What refers to the reaction between the ions of a salt and the ions of water? a. salt titration b. salt buffering

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c. salt neutralization d. salt hydrolysis 564. Question: Magnesium hydroxide is a base used as antacid if consumed in small amounts and laxative if consumed in large dosage. What is common term for magnesium hydroxide? a. Skim of Magnesia b. Oil of Magnesia c. Cream of Magnesia d. Milk of Magnesia 565. Question: What is the most convenient way of expressing hydronium ion concentration? a. Hydrometer reading b. pH scale c. Alkalinity d. Basicity 566. Question: Who proposed the pH scale in 1909? a. Albert Einstein b. J. Willard Gibbs c. Henri Hess d. Soren Sorensen 567. Question: What does the symbol pH stands for? a. the power of the hydroxide compound b. the power of hydroxide ion c. the power of hydrogen ions d. The power of hydrogen

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568. Question: What is a solution consisting of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or of a weak base and its conjugate acid? a. seawater b. salt c. buffer d. aqueous solution 569. Question: What is the most common chemical reaction, which is the reaction of materials with oxygen accompanied by the giving off of energy in the form of heat? a. combustion b. exothermic reaction c. endothermic reaction d. kinetic reaction 570. Question: What is the area of chemistry that concerns with the rate at which chemical reactions occur? a. Chemical collision theory b. Chemical dynamics c. Chemical kinematics d. Chemical kinetics 571. Question: What is the minimum amount of energy need for a chemical reaction to occur called? a. initial energy b. activation energy c. ignition energy d. catalystic energy 572. Question: If the energy is released as the reaction occurs, it is a ____ reaction. a. instantaneous b. spontaneous c. exothermic d. endothermic

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573. Question: If the energy is absorbed as the reaction occurs, it is a ____ reaction. a. instantaneous b. spontaneous c. exothermic d. endothermic 574. Question: Most heterogeneous catalysts are a. liquids b. solids c. gases d. plasma 575. Question: What quantity is use to determine how far from equilibrium the chemical reaction is? a. Reaction index b. Chemical quotient c. Equilibrium quotient d. Reaction quotient 576. Question: What states that if a change in conditions is imposed on a system at equilibrium, the equilibrium position will shift in the direction that tends to reduce the effects of that change? a. Hess principle b. Catalyst effect c. Haber process principle d. Le Chateliers principle

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d. Oxygenization

577. Question: What is a substance that, when added to a reaction mixture, increases the rate of the reaction but is itself unchanged after the reaction is done? a. Hydroxide ions b. Accelerators c. Catalysts d. Neutral substance 578. Question: What is a substance that slows down a chemical reaction? a. Inhibitors b. Retardant c. Catalyst d. Decelerators 579. Question: What type of catalyst exists in the same phase as the reactants in a reaction mixture? a. Homogeneous catalyst b. Heterogeneous catalyst c. Pure catalyst d. Composite catalyst 580. Question: What type of catalyst exists in separate phase as the reactants in the reaction mixture? a. Homogeneous catalyst b. Heterogeneous catalyst c. Pure catalyst d. Composite catalyst 581. Question: What refers to the reaction of oxygen with an element or compound? It is also the loss of electron. a. Reduction b. Oxidation c. Oxygenation

582. Question: The gain of electrons by a substance is known as _____. a. oxidation b. covalent process c. reduction d. ionic process 583. Question: What represents the charge that the atom would have if the electrons in each bond belonged entirely to the more electronegative atom? a. oxidation number b. atomic number c. atomic weight d. electron affinity 584. Question: A reduced substance is what type of agent? a. oxidizing agent b. redox agent c. reducing agent d. nonredox agent 585. Question: The oxidized substance is what type of agent? a. oxidizing agent b. redox agent c. reducing agent d. nonredox agent 586. Question: What reaction does not involve any change in oxidation number? a. redox reaction b. nonredox reaction c. reducing reaction d. oxidizing reaction

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c. coke d. diamond

587. Question: What is an apparatus that uses a spontaneous redox reaction to generate electricity? a. voltaic cell b. fuel cell c. lead cell d. nickel cadmium cell 588. Question: What is a branch of chemistry which is the study of carbon-containing molecules known as organic compounds? a. Organic Chemistry b. Inorganic chemistry c. Stoichemistry d. Biochemistry 589. Question: It is a crystalline form of carbon. a. diamond b. graphite c. fullerenes d. all of the above 590. Question: What crystalline carbon is soft, black, slippery solid that possess metallic luster and conduct electricity? a. charcoal b. graphite c. diamond d. coke 591. Question: What is formed when hydrocarbons such as methane are heated in the presence of very little oxygen? a. carbon black b. charcoal

592. Question: Based on the type of bond existing between two carbon atoms, how do hydrocarbons classified? a. Saturated and unsaturated b. Pure and unpure c. Organic and inorganic d. Natural and artificial 593. Question: What hydrocarbons contain only single bond? a. alkane b. alkyne c. alkene d. benzene 594. Question: When a hydrocarbon consists of carbon links that form a long, straight or branched chain, it is classified as ____ type. a. cyclic b. chain c. pole d. linear 595. Question: When hydrocarbon consists of carbon links that form a ring, it is classified as ____ type. a. cyclic b. chain c. pole d. linear 596. Question: The aromatic hydrocarbons contain the structural unit called _____. a. alkyne b. benzene

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c. alkene d. alkane

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d. methyl 602. Question: What is the simplest alkene, which is a plant hormone that plays important role in the seed germination and

597. Question: What is a six-carbon ring with three alternating double bonds, or closely related rings or rings of similar nature where nitrogen replaces carbon in one or more ring positions? a. alkyne b. benzene c. alkene d. alkane 598. Question: What is another term for Alkanes? a. olefins b. acetylene c. paraffins d. methyl 599. Question: What is the simplest alkane which is a major component of nature gas? a. methane b. octance c. olefin d. acetylene 600. Question: What are hydrocarbons that contain one or more double bonds? a. alkyne b. benzene c. alkene d. alkane 601. Question: What is another term for alkenes? a. olefins b. acetylene c. paraffins

ripening of fruits? a. anthracene b. propyl c. ethyne d. ethene 603. Question: What are hydrocarbons that contain one or more triple bonds? a. alkyne b. benzene c. alkene d. alkane 604. Question: What is the simplest alkyne which is highly reactive molecule? a. ethene b. acetylene or ethyne c. propyl d. alkyl 605. Question: The compounds, benzene, naphthalene and anthracene are example of what hydrocarbon? a. aliphatic hydrocarbons b. aromatic hydrocarbons c. alkenes d. alkynes 606. Question: What aromatic hydrocarbon is used as a component of mothballs? a. benzene b. naphthalene c. anthracene d. methyl

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What is formed when a carboxylic acid and an alcohol react, with water as a bi-product? a. amine b. ester c. polymer d. teflon

607. Question: In 1956, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) devised a systematic way of naming organic compounds. What is this called? a. System Nomenclature b. System of Identification c. System of Verification d. System of Unification 608. Question: In naming of hydrocarbons, what refers to a side chain that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane? a. alkyl group b. alken group c. methyl group d. alkyn group 609. Question: It is usually used as a refrigerant? a. ketone b. muscone c. propyl ether d. dimethyl ether 610. Question: What are compounds with the same molecular formula but with different structural formula? a. aldehydes b. amines c. isomers d. esters 611. Question:

612. Question: What common carboxylic acid is found in yogurt? a. lactic acid b. citric acid c. tartaric acid d. lauric acid 613. Question: What carboxylic acid is found in grapes? a. Lactic acid b. Citric acid c. Tartaric acid d. Lauric acid 614. Question: What carboxylic acid is found in coconut oil? a. Lactic acid b. Citric acid c. Tartaric acid d. Lauric acid 615. Question: What do you call the distinct pattern in space which the atoms of metals arranged themselves when they combine to produce a substance of recognizable size? a. space-lattice b. crystal c. grain d. unit cell 616. Question:

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When a solid has a crystalline structure, the atoms arranged in repeating structures called ____. a. lattice b. unit cell c. crystal d. domain

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621. Question: Reduction in an electrochemical cell always takes place where? a. at the anode b. at the cathode c. at the electrode d. at both cathode and anode

617. Question: What refers to a crystal imperfection characterized by regions of severe atomic misfit where atoms are not properly surrounded by neighbor atoms? a. Discrystallization b. Dislocation c. Slip step d. Dispersion 618. Question: In electrochemistry, oxidation is a loss of _____. a. ion b. electron c. proton d. anode 619. Question: What is the process of putting back the loss electrons to convert the ions back to a metal? a. Oxidation b. Corrosion c. Reduction d. Ionization 620. Question: Oxidation in an electrochemical call always takes place where? a. at the anode b. at the cathode c. at the electron d. at both cathode and anode

622. Question: What is equal to the fraction of the isotope in a naturally occurring sample of the element? a. The chemical atomic weight of the isotope b. The relative abundance of the isotope c. The electronegativity of the isotope d. The quantum number of the isotope 623. Question: what refers to salts of weak bases dissolving in water to form acidic solution? a. Hydrolysis b. Neutralization c. Bufferization d. Titration 624. Question: Which of the following elements has the highest atomic number? a. Titanium b. Plutonium c. Uranium d. Radium 625. Question: All are properties of gaseous state except one. Which one?

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a. may be expanded or may be compressed b. have low densities c. indefinite shape d. mixed uniformly when soluble in one another

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c. molecular reaction d. Additional reaction 630. Question: Oxygen comprises what percent in mass in the earths crust? a. 50.5 b. 49.5 c. 48.5 d. 47.5 631. Question: What percent of the human body is carbon?

626. Question: All are properties of liquid state except one. Which one? a. Do not expand nor compress to any degree b. usually flow readily c. indefinite shape d. Do not mixed by diffusion 627. Question: What type of hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring? a. aromatic hydrocarbon b. aliphatic hydrocarbon c. simple hydrocarbon d. carbon hydrocarbon 628. Question: What is an organic compound that contains the hydroxyl group? a. base b. acid c. alcohol d. wine 629. Question: What is a reaction in which one molecule adds to another? a. partial reaction b. monomolecular reaction

a. 22% b. 20% c. 18% d. 16% 632. Question: What refers to how closely individual measurements agree with each other? a. accuracy b. precision c. relative precision d. relative accuracy 633. Question: What is the physical appearance of sodium? a. silver metal b. yellowish gas c. white crystal c. reddish gas 634. Question: What is the general term that refers to an allowed energy state for an electron in the atom? a. quantum orbital level b. quantum energy level c. orbital d. quantum theory

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635. Question: Who performed an experiment in 1887 that yielded the charge-tomass ratio of the electrons? a. Niels Bohr b. Ernest Rutherford c. J. J. Thomson d. Max Planck 636. Question: What is an alloy of mercury with another metal or metals? a. Amalgram b. Amine c. Allotrope d. Alkynes 637. Question: A compound that contains at least one animo group and at least one carboxyl group is called _____. a. allotrope b. animo acid c. alkenes d. alkynes 638. Question: A molecular orbit that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed is called _____. a. main molecular orbital b. partial molecular orbital c. bonding molecular orbital d. antibonding molecular orbit 639. Question: What type of carbon is produced when wood is heated intensely in the absence of air? It is used to remove undesirable odors from air. a. carbon black b. charcoal c. coke d. diamond

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640. Question: What carbon is produced when coal is strongly heated in the absence of air? a. carbon black b. charcoal c. coke d. diamond 641. Question: What type of carbon is used in the manufacture of car tires? a. carbon black b. charcoal c. coke d. diamond 642. Question: The organic compounds are related to each other by a common feature involving a certain arrangement of atoms called _______. a. hydrocarbons b. chain c. functional groups d. alkanes 643. Question: What is the simplest and most commonly encountered class of organic compounds? a. carbides b. oxides c. carbon oxides d. hydrocarbons 644. Question: A molecular orbit that is lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed is called ____. a. main molecular orbital b. partial molecular orbital c. bonding molecular orbit d. antibonding molecular orbital

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645. Question: An ion containing a central metal cation bonded to one or more molecules or ions is called ____. a. compound ion b. complex ion c. simplex ion d. buffer ion 646. Question: Which one is a factor that affects the rate of chemical reactions? a. Temperature b. Concentration and surface area of reactants c. Presence of a catalyst d. all of the above 647. Question: What refers to the state at which the rates of the forward and backward reactions are equal? a. Chemical equilibrium b. Reversible equilibrium c. Reaction equilibrium d. Haber equilibrium 648. Question: What is the study of heat formed or required by the chemical reaction? a. Stoichemistry b. Thermochemistry c. Thermodynamics d. Enthalpy 649. Question: Who proposed the quantum theory in 1900? a. J.J. Thompson b. Neils Bohr c. Max Planck d. Ernest Rutherford 650. Question:

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Compounds containing CN ion are called _____. a. cyanides b. cycloalkanes c. carbides d. carboxylic acids 651. Question: A molecule that does not possess a dipole moment is called ____. a. polar molecule b. nonpolar molecule c. nonelectrolytic molecule d. electrolytic molecule 652. Question: What is the ratio of the equilibrium concentration of the products to the equilibrium concentrations of the reactants with each species concentration raised to the corresponding stoichiometric coefficient found in the balanced reaction? a. Equilibrium constant b. Equilibrium concentration c. Chemical equilibrium d. Reaction quotient 653. Question: What term is used as a qualitative description of the extent of a chemical reaction? a. Equilibrium position b. Chemical equilibrium c. Equilibrium d. Reaction equilibrium 654. Question: What is the physical appearance of chlorine? a. silver metal b. white crystal c. yellowish gas d. white metal

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655. Question: What is the physical appearance of sodium chloride? a. silver metal b. white crystal c. yellowish gas d. white metal 656. Question: What refers to a substance that when dissolved in water, gives a solution that is not electrically conducting? a. nonpolar b. electrolyte c. nonelectrolyte d. polar

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b. polymer c. nucleotide d. oxoacid 660. Question: How are mixtures classified? a. Elements and Compounds b. Metals, Nonmetals or Metalloids c. Homogenous or Heterogeneous d. suspension, colloids and solutions 661. Question: The mixture of soil and water is an example of what classification of a mixture? a. homogenous b. suspension c. colloid d. solution

657. Question: What refers to a chemical formula that shows how atoms are bonded to one another in a molecule? a. Molecular formula b. Structural formula c. Standard formula d. Bonding formula 658. Question: What refers to ions that are not involved in the overall reaction? a. Guest ions b. Special ions c. Spectator ions d. Extra ions 659. Question: A compound distinguished by a high molar mass, ranging into thousands and millions of grams, and made up of many repeating cells is called a. electrolyte

662. Question: A very fine particle of soil when mixed to water will form a cloudy mixture. How is the mixture classified? a. colloid b. suspension c. solution d. compound 663. Question: The particles of sugar dispersed in water are so small that a clear homogeneous mixture results. What is this homogeneous mixture called? a. colloid b. compound c. suspension d. solution 664. Question:

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If one of the two solutions has a higher concentration of solute particles than the other, the one with the lower concentration is described as ______. a. hypertonic b. hypotonic c. isotonic d. photonic 665. Question: The movement of solvent particles through a semi-permeable membrane from the region of lower solute concentration to the region of higher solute concentration is called _______. a. osmosis b. hymolysis c. crenation d. dialysis

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a. John Dalton b. Humphrey Davy c. Henri Becquerel d. Ernest Rutherford 669. Question: What is the ratio of the number of moles of one component of a solution to the total number of moles of all the components? a. molarity b. molality c. formality d. mole fraction

666. Question: What are suspensions of liquid or solid particles in a gas called? a. emulsions b. aerosols c. foams d. sols 667. Question: What is the atomic number of carbon? a. 6 b. 7 c. 8 d. 10 668. Question: Who formulated the atomic theory?

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