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SIGLES et ABREVIATIONS

Rseaux et Tlcommunications
2RP 3RD 3RP ADSL AES AI n5 AMRF/T ANSI API ARP ARQ ASCII ASN-1 ASP ATM B2B B2C BASIC BBS BERT/BLERT BIND BIOS CATV CCETT CCIR CCITT CDMA CEPT CGI CNET CNIL COBOL CORBA CRC CSMA/CD CT2/CAI CTI DAEMON DCE DCOM DCS DECT DES DHCP DIN DLL DNS DSA DTE DTMF DVD EBCDIC ECMA EDGE : Rseau Radiolectrique Priv. : Rseau Radiolectrique Rserv aux Donnes. : Rseau Radiolectrique Ressources Partages. : Asymmetrical bit rate Digital Subscriber Line. : Advanced Encryption Standard (cryptage, pour remplacer DES) : Alphabet International n5 (= ASCII). : Accs Multiple Rpartition en Frquence /dans le Temps (=FDMA/TDMA). : American National Standard Institute. : Application Programming Interface (accs aux fonctions dun programme) : Adress Resolution Protocol (rseaux IP). : Automatic Repeat reQuest. : American Standard Code for Information Interchange. : Abstract Syntax Notation (couche 7 OSI). : Application Service Provider (location en ligne dapplication) : Asynchronous Transfer Mode. : Business to Business (commerce entre entreprises). : Business to Consumer (commerce dentreprise particulier). : Beginner's All purpose Symbolic Instruction Code. : Bulletin Board System (serveurs de fichiers et dinfos via RTC). : Bit Error Rate Transfer / BLoc Error Rate Transfer. : Berkeley Internet Name Daemon/Domain. (logiciel serveur nom DNS) : Basic Input/Output System. : Community Antenna TeleVision (cble rseau TV). : Centre Commun d'Etude de Tldiffusion et de Tlcommunications. : Comit Consultatif International des Radiocommunications (=UIT-R). : Comit Consultatif International Tlgraphique et Tlphonique (=UIT-T). : Code Division Multiple Access (mobiles). : Confrence Europenne des Postes et Tlcommunications. : Common Gateway Interface (internet). : Centre National d'Etudes des Tlcommunications. : Commission Nationale de lInformatique et des Liberts. : COmmon Business Oriented Language. : Common Object Request Broker Architecture (protocole dobjets distribus). : Cyclic Redundancy Check. (Contrle de Redondance Cyclique). : Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Detection. : Cordless Telephone 2d generation / Common Air Interface. : Couplage Tlphone Informatique / Computer Telephony Integration. : Disk And Execution MONitor (tche UNIX). : Data Circuit Equipment (id ETCD, Modem). : Distributed Component Object Model (origine Microsoft). : Digital Cellular System (mobiles). : Digital Enhanced Cordless Telephone (mobiles). : Data Encryption Standard (cryptage). : Dynamic Host Core Protocol (config IP auto). : Deutsche Institut fur Normung. : Dynamic Link Library (windows). : Domain Name System/Service (Internet). : Distributed System Architecture. (rseau Bull) : Data Terminal Equipment (id ETTD ). : Dual Tone Multi-Frequency (telephone). : Digital Versatile Disk (format CR-ROM). : Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (BCD tendu). : European Computer Manufacturer Association. : Enhanced Data GSM Environnement (mobiles).

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EDI EIA EJD EPON ERMES ERP ETCD ETSI ETTD FAI FAQ FAT FCS FDDI FDMA FSK FORTRAN FTAM FTP GIF GIMP GPRS GSM GUI HDB (3) HDLC HPIB/GPIB HTML HTTP ICANN IDE IDS IEEE IETF IMAP INRIA IP IPX/SPX IRLE ISDN ISP ISO IUT-T JPEG LAN LAP B LDAP LLC MAC MAN MAP MAU MIB MIC /DA MIME MMS MNP x MSSP MTBF

: Echange de Documents Informatis / Electronic Data Interchange. : Electrical Industries Association (normes RSxxx). : Enterprise Java Beans (distribution dobjets java). : Ethernet over Passive Optical Network. : European Radio Messaging System (mobiles). : Enterprise Resource Planning (Progiciel de gestion intgr). : Equipement Terminal de Circuit de Donnes (id DCE ). : European Telecommunications Standard Institute. : Equipement Terminal de Traitement de Donnes (id DTE). : Fournisseur dAccs Internet (id ISP). : Frequently Asked Questions / Foire Aux Questions (rponses aux questions courantes). : File Allocation Table (format disque) : Frame Check Sequence. : Fiber Distributed Data Interface. : Frequency Division Multiple Access (id AMRF). : Frequency Shift Keying (modulation). : FORmula TRANslator. : File Transfer Access and Management. : File Transfer Protocol. : Graphics Interchange Format (format image compresse). : GNU Image Manupulator Program. : Generalized Packed Radio System (paquets 115kbps sur GSM). : Global System for Mobile communications. : Graphical User Interface. : High Density Bipolary code (codage bande de base). : High level Data Link Control (communication). : Hewlett Packard Interface Bus / General Purpose.. : Hyper Text Markup Language (internet). : Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (internet). : Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (Internet). : Integrated Device Electronics (disques PC) : Intrusion Detection System (scurit). : Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. : Internet Engineering Task Force (normes internet). : Interactive Mail Access Protocol (internet). : Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et Automatisme. : Internet Protocol. : Internet Packet eXchange / Sequenced Packet eXchange (Novell). : Interconnexion des Rseaux Locaux dEntreprise. : Integrated Service Digital Network (id RNIS). : Internet Service Provider (id FAI : fournisseur daccs Internet) : International Standards Organisation. : International Union of Telecommunications - Telecommunications sector. : Join Photographic Expert Group. : Local Area Network. : Link Access Protocol (B type). : Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (annuaires). : Logical Link Control (802.2). : Media Access Control (niveau 2 LAN). : Metropolitan Area Network. : Manufacturing Automation Protocol. : Multistation Access Unit (rseau Token Ring). : Management Information Base (base info quipement pour SNMP). : Modulation par Impulsion et Codage / Diffrentielle Adaptative. : Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension (donnes multimdia par mail). : Multimedia Messages Services (mobiles). : Microcom Network Protocol (modems). : Managed Security Service Providers. : Mean Time Between (Before) Failures.

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MP3 MPEG NAT NBS NDIS NETBIOS NFS NIC NNTP NRZ NT/ NTFS NTIC NTP OCR ODI OEM OSI PABX PAD PCM PCMCIA PCN PDA PDF PDU PERL PGP PHP PING PIRE PKI PMR PNG POTS POP(3) PPP PSTN PTS QOS RADIUS RAID RFC RIP RIPE RISC RLAN RNIS RSA RTC(P) RTC SAN SANS SCSI SDH SDLC SESAME SGBD SLIC SLIP

: MPEG1/2 - Audio layer 3. : Moving (Motion) Picture Experts Group. : Network Address Translation, translation dadresse IP (RFC 1631). : National Bureau of Standards (USA). : Network Driver Interface Specification. : NETwork Basic Input Output System (IBM). : Network File System (partage de fichiers - UNIX). : Network Information Center (centre charg des noms DNS). : Network News Transfer Protocol (protocole pour les forums RFC977). : No Return to Zero (Non Retour Zro). : New Technology / NT File System (Microsoft). : Nouvelles Technologies de lInformation et de la Communication. : Network Time Protocol (RFC 1305). : Optical Characters Recognition. : Open Data-link Interface. : Original Equipment Manufacturer. : Open System Interconnection (modle X200). : Private Automatic Branch eXchange (autocommutateur priv). : Packet Assembler Desassembler. : Pulse Coded Modulation. (id MIC ). : Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (interface PC portable). : Personal Communication Network (mobiles). : Personal Digital Assistant. : Portable Document Format (format Adobe). : Protocol Data Unit (modle en couche). : Practical Extraction Report Language (langage pour procdures sur serveur). : Pretty Good Privacy (Protocole de cryptographie double cl). : Personal Home Page (scripts). : Packet INternet Groper. : Puissance Isotrope Rayonne Equivalente (satellite). : Public Key Infrastructure (chiffrement). : Professional Mobile Radiocommunication (id 2RP) : Portable Network Graphic, Format dimages (RFC 2083). : Plain Ordinary/Old Telephone Service (service tlphonique de base). : Post Office Protocol (internet). : Point to Point Protocol (internet). : Public Switched Telephone Network (id RTCP). : Point de Transfert Smaphore (RNIS). : Quality Of Service : Remote Access Dial In User Server (authentification dun abonn). : Redundancy Array of Inexpensive/Independent Disk (archivage). : Request For Comment (normes Internet). : Routing Information Protocol. : Rseaux IP Europens (organisme charg des adresses IP et noms pour lEurope). : Reduced Instruction Set Code/Computer. : Radio Local Area Network. : Rseau Numrique Intgration de Services (id Numris). : Rivest Shamir and Adleman (algorithme de cryptage). : Rseau Tlphonique Commut (Public). : Real Time Clock (PC). : Storage Area Network . : System Administration, Networking & Security. : Small Computer System Interface. : Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (oprateurs tlcom). : Synchronous Data Link Control. : Systme Electronique de Saisie et d'Aiguillages de MEssages. : Systme de Gestion de Base de Donnes. : Subscriber Loop Interface Circuit (interface boucle abonn). : Serial Line Internet Protocol (obsolte).

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SMB SMS SMTP SNA SNMP SOAP SOHO SONET SPAM SPOOL SQL SSL SSII STMx TACACS TCO TCP/IP TDMA TETRA TIFF TNA/TNR TWAIN UCSD UDP UIT-T UMTS URL USB UTF-8 VGA VOIP VPN VRML VSAT WAN WAP W-CDMA WEP WDM WINS WLAN WML WSDL WWW WYSIWYG XML XNS

: Server Message Block (standard de partage fichiers Dos/win/os2/netware..). : Short Message Service (mobiles GSM) : Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (Internet). : Systems Network Architecture (rseau IBM). : Simple Network Management Protocol. : Simple Object Access Protocol . : Small Office and Home Office. : Synchronous Optical NETwork (equ SDH). : Shoulder of Pork and hAM (jambon en conserve), email publicitaire de masse. : Simultaneous Peripheral Operation On Line (mise en file dattente). : Structured Query Language. : Secure Socket Layer (protocole de scurit sur HTML). : Socit de Service et dIngnierie en Informatique. : Synchronous Transmission Module (trames sur SDH). : Terminal Access Controller Access Control System (authentification). : Total Cost Ownership (Cot Total de Possession). : Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. : Time Division Multiple Access (= AMRT). : TErrestrial Trunked RAdio (mobiles) : Tagged Image File Format (image CAO/DAO). : Terminaison Numrique dAbonn/Rseau. : Technology Without Any Important Name (protocole scanner et app. Photo) : University of California San Diego. : User Datagram Protocol (internet). : Union Internationale des Tlcommunications - secteur des Tlcommunications. : Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (384kbps.. pour mobiles). : Uniform Resource Locator (internet). : Universal Serial Bus (priphriques PC). : Universal Transformation Format 8 bits (conversion dUnicode en 8 bits) : Video Graphic Adapter. : Voice Over IP : Virtual Private Network. (Via tunnel sur rseaux publics). : Virtual Reality Modeling Language (3D). : Very Small Aperture Terminal (rseau satellite). : Wide Area Network. : Wireless Application Protocol (portables Internet). : Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (mobiles). : Wireless Equivalent Privacy (cryptage Ethernet sans-fil) : Wavelength Division Multiplexing (fibre optique). : Windows Internet Name Service (Microsoft). : Wireless Local Area Network (sans fil, id RLAN) : Wireless Markup Language (langage pour WAP). : Web Services Description Language. : World Wide Web (internet). : What You See Is What You Get. : eXtensible Markup Language (Web). : Xerox Network System.

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