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# Phy12SL: SHM and Waves Problem Set 1

1. The displacement of a particle executing SHM is given by y = 5.0 cos (2t), where y is in millimeters and t is in seconds. Calculate: a. the initial displacement of the particle. b. the displacement at t = 1.2 s. c. the time at which the displacement rst becomes -2.0 mm. d. the displacement when the velocity of the particle is 6.0 mm s-1. 2. a. Write down an equation for the displacement of a particle undergoing SHM with an amplitude equal to 8.0 cm and a frequency of 14 Hz, assuming that at t = 0 the displacement is 8.0 cm and the particle is at rest. b. Find the displacement, velocity and acceleration of this particle at a time of 0.025 s. 3. The graph below shows the variation with time t of the velocity v of a particle executing SHM.

a. Using the graph, estimate the area between the curve and the time axis from 0.10 s to 0.30 s. b. State what this area represents. c. Hence write down an equation giving the displacement of the particle as a function of time. 4. The graph below shows the variation with time t of the displacement x of a particle executing SHM.

Draw a graph to show the variation with displacement x of the acceleration a of the particle (put numbers on the axes).

## Phy12SL: SHM and Waves Problem Set 1

5. The graph below shows the variation with displacement x of the acceleration a of a body of mass 0.150 kg.

a. Use the graph to explain why the motion of the body is in SHM. Determine the following: b. the period of the motion. c. the maximum velocity of the body during the oscillation. d. the maximum net force exerted on the body. e. the total energy of the body. 6. A passenger on a cruise ship in rough seas stands on a set of weighing scales. The reading R of the scales (in kilograms) as a function of time is shown below. Use the graph to determine:

a. the mass of the passenger. b. the amplitude of the waves in the sea. 7. A body of mass 2.0 kg is connected to two springs, each of spring constant k = 120 N m-1. a. When springs are connected as in Figure (a), calculate the period of the oscillations of this mass when it is displaced from its equilibrium position and then released. b. When the springs are connected as in Figure (b), would the period change?

## Phy12SL: SHM and Waves Problem Set 1

8. A string has a length of 20.0 m and is kept at a tension of 50.0 N. Its mass is 400.0 g. A transverse wave of frequency 15.0 Hz travels on this string. a. What is its wavelength? b. If the same wave is created on the same kind of string (same mass per unit length and same tension) but of double the length, what will be the wavelength of the wave be? 9. A stone is dropped on a still pond at t = 0. The wave reaches a leaf oating on the pond a distance of 3.00 m away. The leaf then begins to oscillate according to the graph shown below. a. Find the speed of the water waves. b. Find the period and frequency of the wave. c. Find the wavelength and amplitude of the wave.

10. The gure below shows the same wave at two different times. The wave travels to the right and second diagram represents the wave 0.2 s after the time illustrated in the top diagram. For this wave, determine: a. the amplitude b. the wavelength c. the speed d. the frequency e. Can the graph be used to determine whether the wave is transverse or longitudinal?

11. The gure below is a picture of a longitudinal wave traveling towards the right taken at a specic time. The density of the lines is proportional to the density in the medium the wave travels through. a. Draw this wave a very small interval of time later. b. Indicate on the diagram the wavelength of this wave.

## Phy12SL: SHM and Waves Problem Set 1

12. Two waves are simultaneously generated on a string as shown below. Draw the actual shape of the string.

13. A ray of light is incident on a rectangular block of glass of index of refraction 1.450 at an angle of 40, as shown below. If the thickness of the block is 4.00 cm, nd the amount d by which the ray is deviated.

14. A ray of light enters glass from air at an angle of incidence equal to 45, as shown below. Draw the path of this ray assuming that the glass has an index of refraction equal to 1.420 and the plastic has an index of refraction of 1.350.

15. Two audio loudspeakers are connected to the same audio oscillator. An observer walks along the straight line joining the speakers. At a point M halfway between the speakers he hears a loud sound. By the time he gets to a point P a distance of 2.00 m from M he hears no sound at all. Explain how this is possible. Find the largest possible wavelength of sound emitted by the loudspeakers.

## Phy12SL: SHM and Waves Problem Set 1

16. A radio station R, emits radio waves of wavelength 1600 m which reach a house, H, directly and after reecting from a mountain, M, behind the house. If the reception at the house is very poor, what is the shortest possible distance between the house and the mountain?