Anda di halaman 1dari 26

BALLISTIC MISSILES

EMBATTLED BY
PAVITHRA.R SHILPA JEMMIMA ALFRED.J VANDHANA SELVI.S

SPATER

THEME
BASICS OF BALLISTIC MISSILES AND VARIOUS TECHNOLOGIES BEING USED I N INDIA AND INTERNATIONAL COUNTRIES

SPATER

BALLISTIC MISSILE BASICS

POWERED BY ROCKETS INITIALLY

FOLLOWS A UNPOWERED,FREE FALLIING, SUB-ORBITAL FLIGHT PATH.

EXPLOSIVE PAYLOAD

CAN BE LAUNCHED FROM FIXED SITES OR MOBILE LAUNCHERS

SPATER

CLASSIFICATION
BALLISTIC MISSILES
TACTICAL

THEATRE

INERMEDIATE

INTERCONTINENTAL

SUB-MARINE
SPATER

THE MAJOR TECHNOLOGIES/MECHANISM USED IN MISSILES


Propulsion system
Guidance system Aerodynamic features to

include airframe, wings and fins Terminal guidance in case of precision guided weapons Warhead
SPATER

COMPONENTS
SOLID TO LIQUID FUELED OR COMBINATION OF LIQUID AND SOLID INERTIAL GUIDANCE, CELESTIAL, TERMINAL ALUMINIUM OR COMPOSITES RE-ENTRY VEHICLES

WARHEADS

LIQUID HYDROGEN,HYDRAZINE

LIQUID OXYGEN
SPATER

OPERATION
POWERED FLIGHT PORTION:

Gain Acceleration- Thrust.


FREE FLIGHT PORTION

About 20-30 M Free flight portion occurs Outside Of Atmosphere

Time Of Flight- Dispension Of Penetration Aids ,countermeasures, Warheads.


RE-ENTRY PHASE

Re-entry Into Atmosphereexceptional Energy In Free Fall; Time Lasts Only 1-2 Min

SPATER

INDIAN BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAM


o it is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered Ballistic missile

defense system to protect India from missile attacks.


o It is a two tiered system

o Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) missile


o Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Missile o India became the fourth country to have successfully developed an Antiballistic missile system o India and Israel jointly developed the Long Range Tracking Radar (LRTR) o India was interested in acquiring the Arrow-II Missile System

SPATER

WHAT IS ARROW-II MISSILE SYSTEM?

Jointly funded and produced by Israel and the United States It has a dual mode seeker with a passive infrared seeker for the tracking of tactical BM The Elta Green Pine early warning and fire control radar for the Arrow system Diagram shows the stages of missile interception by the Arrow ATBM System battery has four or eight launch trailers, each with six launch tubes and missiles, a Launch Control Centre, a communications centre, a fire control centre and the units of a mobile Green Pine radar system.

SPATER

INDIAN BALLISTIC MISSILES


Agni-II: MRBM Prithvi I: SRBM Prithvi II: SRBM Prithvi III: MRBM Agni I: SRBM Agni II: MRBM Agni III: IRBM (Agni III (A), Agni III (B), Agni III (3C), Agni III (SLBM) ) Agni V: ICBM (under development) Sagarika: SLBM Shaurya: MRBM (Quasi-ballistic missile) Dhanush: ShipLBM Ballistic missile submarine Arihant class - Under-going Trials.

SPATER

AGNI V
DRDO UPGRADED VERSION AGNI III IS AGNI V.

FIRST FLIGHT EXPECTED IN 2010-2011.

HIT NORTHERN CITIES OF CHINA.

60% SIMILAR TO AGNI III.

OVERCOMES DISADVANTAGES OF AGNI III.

AGNI III

AGNI V
SPATER

SPECIFICATIONS OF AGNI III AND AGNI V


Agni III
Engine 2-stage Engine

Agni V
3-stage

Operational range 3500-5500 km

Operational range above 5500 km Ring laser gyroscope and

Technology used Ring Laser Gyro- INS (Inertial Technology used Navigation System), optionally augmented by GPS accelerometers. terminal guidance with possible radar scene correlation.

Launch

8x8 Telar and rail mobile

8 x 8 Tetra TELAR, Rail Mobile Launcher launcher. Launch (canisterised missile package).

SPATER

ADVANCEMENTS IN TECHNOLOGY

GUIDANCE SYSTEM- RING LASER GYROSCOPE AND ACCELEROMETERS.

LAUNCHING SYSTEM- CANISTER LAUNCHER.

WARHEADS- MIRVS

SPATER

RING LASER GYRO AND ACCELEROMETERS


USES INTERFERENCE OF LASER LIGHT.

TO DETECT ORIENTATION AND SPIN.

USED TO SENSE THE ROLL,PITCH AND YAW MOVEMENTS OF MISSILE.

PRINCIPLE- SAGNAC EFFECT.

RED ,BLUE AND GREY DOTS- COUNTER PROPAGATING SIGNALS, AND RESONATORS FOR SIGNALS.

VELOCITY IS SAME.

SPATER

WORKING OF GYRO
INPUT SPLIT IN TWO BEAM. OPPOSITE DIRECTION. RECOMBINED SENT TO OUTPUT DETECTOR.

ABSENCE OF ROTATION-PATH LENGTH SAME. O/P CONSTRUCTIVE INTERFERENCE OF TWO BEAMS.

ROTATES-DIFFERENCE IN PATH LENGTH. RESUITING- DESTRUCTIVE INTERFERENCE.

SPATER

There are no Low total cost of ownership

ADVANTAGES OF RLGS

There are no moving parts.

Simple design-generally less than 20 component parts.

Very rugged.

Wide dynamic range.

Output is inherently digital and ttl compatible.

Fast update rate less than 50ms to measure a rotation of 0.5degree/hour.

Long reliable lifetime (30,000 hours).

Low total cost of ownership.

SPATER

CANISTER LAUNCHER

USED BY INDIA FIRST IN BRAHMOS ,SECOND IN SHOURYA.

NOW IN AGNI V.

AGNI III IS NON-CANISTERISED FACES DIFFICULT IN TRANSPORT.

USED- STORAGE,TRANSPORTATION,HANDLING AND LAUNCH OF MISSILES.

HIGHLY MOBILE MINIMIZE ENEMY THREAT.

SPATER

COMPONENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS

LONG COMPOSITE CYLINDRICAL TUBE-METALLIC DOME-BOTTOM.

SHORT METALLIC CYLINDER- FRONT.

CRITICAL AREA- LEAK PROOF JOINT BETWEEN METAL, COMPOSITES.

JOINT EXPERIENCE LARGE DIRECT STRESS AND STREE DUE TO STIFFNESS MIS-MATCH BETWEEN MATERIALS.

RADIAL JOINT- NO THICKNESS LIMITATIONS,

AXIAL JOINT MIN THICKNESS SHELL-ACCOMMODATE AXIAL FASTENER.

SPATER

COMPOSITE CYLINDER LAYER:

INNER MOST LAYER-THERMAL PROTECTION LAYER.

SECOND LAYER-LEAK PROOF LAYER.

THIRD LAYER-STRUCTURAL LAYER.

FOURTH LAYER-FIRE PROTECTION LAYER-LOW STRENGTH PROPERTIES.

FIRST AND SECOND- NO CONTRIBUTION IN STRENGTH.

DESIGNING:

LAUNCH LOAD EMERGENCY DIVE LOAD TRANSPORTATION AND HANDLING LOAD.


SPATER

APPLICATION OF STATED TECHNOLOGY IN AGNI V


CANISTER

WAR AGAINST SWEDEN(HYPOTHETICAL)- AGNI V STATIONED NEAR BANGLORE-UNABLE STRIKING STOCKHOLM.

MOVING BY ROAD TO AMRISTAR- BRING STOCKHOLM IN RANGE. MIRVS MULTIPLE WARHEAD- MANEUVER- SEND OUT DECOYS CONFUSE ENEMY ANTI MISSILE DEFENSE.
SPATER

MULTIPLE INDEPENDENT RE-ENTRY VEHICLES


COLLECTION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONSSINGLE ICBMS.

SRIKE SEVERAL TARGETS.

FIXED AT FRONT OF MISSILE.

SPATER

MODE OF OPERATION
ROCKET MOTOR PUSHES BUS-FREELY FALLING SUB-ORBITAL FLIGHT PATH.

AFT BOOST PHASE- SMALL ON-BOARD ROCKET MOTOR AND IGS.

TAKES UP-BALLISTIC TRAJECTORY DELIEVERS WARHEADS AND REPEAT PROCESS.

SPATER

TECHNOLOGY FOR THE FUTURE


AIRBORNE LASER

TECHNOLOGY

Modified Boeing 747-400 F

SPATER

AIRBORNE TACTICAL LASER AIRCRAFT


o The shootdown took place February 11 off the

central coast of California. o a low-energy laser (the Track Illuminator) to track it. o a second low-energy laser (the Beacon Illuminator) to assess and adjust for atmospheric disturbance. o powerhouse of the system, the megawatt-class High Energy Laser--Boeing calls it "the most powerful mobile laser device in the world"--which fires through a telescope located in the nose of the aircraft.
SPATER

AIRBORNE LASER ZAPS IN-FLIGHT MISSILE

SPATER

CONCLUSION

INDIAN DEFENSE GROWTH ICBMS- MADE COUNTRIES AFRAID OF US.(ESPECIALLY CHINA)

BUILDING MISSILE TO OPPOSE.


INDIA NOT EAGER- USE THIS SORT MISSILE DESTROY OTHER COUNTRIES. ONLY TO FENCE US FROM THOUGHT OF ATTACKING US. JAI HIND!
SPATER