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# KALKULATOR DAN KOMPUTER DALAM BILIK DARJAH

MINGGU 5

## Adakah Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran dalam bilik darjah turut berubah?

Has technology arrived in the classroom? Should we allow technology into the classroom?
SMART DEVICES THE COMPUTER

TECH

CALCULATORS

## Pertimbangkan senario berikut

You will deposit RM1000.00 every month into a fixed deposit account for up to 12 months. The bank is offering the following rates:

2.0% p.a for a fixed period of 1 month 2.2% p.a.for a fixed period of 3 months 2.3% p.a. for a fixed period of 6 months 2.5% p.a. for a fixed period of 12 months Use pencil & paper Use mental calculation

## How did you arrive at your finding? Which is more efficient?

Using pencil & paper? Using algorithm? Using calculator? Using a computer?

## Apakah peranan kalkulator ?

Walaupun kalkulator telah lama digunapakai di sekolah, beberapa mitos terus wujud

Mitos:
1.

2.

Penggunaan kalkulator tidak memerlukan pemikiran Penggunaan kalkulator menjadikan pencapaian matematik pelajar semakin merosot.

Mitos:
3.

4.

Pengiraan dengan kalkulator sentiasa lebih cepat. Kalkulator berguna hanya untuk pengiraan

1. 2. 3.

4.
5.

## How are calculators used effectively in the classroom?

Have students decide on reasonableness of calculator answers before they do the calculation Use questions & discussion to help students think actively about the processes used to arrive at answers Mix in problems that are easier to solve by hand or that become complicated on the calculator so that students will use the calculator discriminately

Example

The difference memorizing 5 x 5 = 25 and hitting 5 + on the keypad five times? Connections between addition & multiplication Underlying patterns of multiplication can be seen in the process

Komputer?

Komputer boleh digunakan dalam pelbagai cara di dalam kelas matematik Guru boleh menggunakan komputer dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran

Pelajar boleh menjalankan siasatan lanjutan idea-idea matematik yang memerlukan kemahiran berfikir tinggi dan logik.

Komputer?

hands-on dalam penyelesaian masalah Membantu pelajar memahami proses dan pertimbangan yang merupakan ciri utama penyelesaikan masalah matematik. teknologi komputer di dalam bilik darjah meningkatkan praktikal dan minat muridmurid.

## Multiple Uses of Computers in the Classroom

CHARTS DIAGRAMS

PERFORM CALCS

TEACHER DEMOS

THE COMPUTER

ACCESS INFO

IND WORK

GROUP WORK

Common Messages

Appropriate use of calculators/technology is encouraged. The existence of calculators/technology does not diminish the need for computational fluency. Calculators/technology can support increased understanding of mathematics. Calculators/technology can support effective teaching. Calculators/technology are commonly used in the workplace, therefore students should learn to use these tools to solve problems. Teachers are responsible for appropriate and effective use of calculators/technology.

What are the pros and cons of allowing students to use calculators only after they have proven their ability to compute with pencil and paper? How can calculators be used to help students develop a broader view of mathematics problem solving? Can students be taught estimation techniques that will help them recognize whether computer or calculator results are reasonable? If so, how? How can computers be used to help students develop the mathematical reasoning and problem-solving concepts required in the real world? How can computers be used in mathematics programs to simulate problem-solving situations and applications?

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