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Internet Service Providers

Outline: What is an ISP? Working of an ISP ISP Policy ISP Business Accessing ISPs Future of ISPs

What is an ISP?
An ISP is a company

that supplies Internet Connectivity to home and business Customers

What is an ISP?
ISPs are places that hold big computers (servers)
These serves hold critical information about

location of different computers around the globe. Smooth functioning of ISPs depend on efforts from individuals, governments and corporations.

Basic Terms Related to ISPs

IP Adress
Modem Dial Up

Broadband Dedicated Lines

Detailed Working
For connection to the internet one needs a

modem and an ISP connection. Step by Step Functioning: Login to your ISP. Obtaining dynamic IP address from ISP. Type name of URL on address bar. ISP searches for address of server that holds the requested address. Transfer of requested webpage through arrays of dedicated lines and routers.

ISP Policy
Categories of ISPs: Category 'A' Category 'B' Category 'C Period of Validity of the Licence Financial conditions: License Fee Bank Guarantee (FBG & PBG) Tariff

ISP Business
Major ISPs In India: VSNL Satyam Infoway BSNL MTNL Bharti Airtel

List of ISPs having all-India License in India

BSNL Sify VSNL Reliance Data Infosys HCL Infinet Bharti Infotel CMC Siti Cable Network Guj Info Petro RPG Infotech Gateway Systems (India) Hughes Escorts Communications ERNET India Jumpp India Tata Internet Services In2Cable (India) Essel Shyam Communications World Phone Internet Services Astro India Networks RailTel Corporation L&T Finance Tata Power Broadband Reliance Engineering Associates

Primus Telecommunications India

GTL Primenet Global Pacific Internet India Swiftmail Communications Spectra Net Comsat Max

BG Broad India
Trak Online Net India Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Harthway Cable

Estel Communication
Reach Network India Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers Corporation

Bharti Aquanet
i2i Enterprise HCL Comnet Systems and Services

How to become an ISP?

Steps to take: Category Entry Fee & Processing Fee Bank guarantees Provide Service
Pros and Cons of ISP Business

Accessing ISPs
Consumers can access their ISPs through different means such as: Dial-up connection Broadband technologies GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) & 3G (Third Generation mobile telecommunication) services for mobile access

Dial-up Connection
Dial-up access is a form of Internet access via

telephone line. The client uses a modem connected to a computer and a telephone line to dial into an ISP's node to establish a modem to modem link, which is then routed to the internet. Dial-up connection is the slowest internet connection, it is 17-53 times slower than broadband connection. It is not possible to make or receive phone calls when connected to the Internet.

Broadband Technologies
Broadband technology refers to the means by which access can be made faster with greater bandwidth. There are several such technologies, of which the main types are : Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Cable Modems Other means

Limitations of cable infrastructure

High-bandwidth Internet access over existing

phone wiring Most commonly used means of broadband technology It modulates binary data into sonic frequencies above 20 kHz This enables user to make or receive calls when connected to Internet without interference Speeds upto 6 mbps can be delivered

Cable Modems
High speed Internet access over cable modems

Uses the Hybrid Fiber Coax (HFC) or the all-

coaxial infrastructure of the local cable provider Speeds range from 500kbps to 30mbps This bandwidth satisfies the current scale requirement though it is expected to face scalability issues in future

Other Broadband Technologies

These include: Passive Optical Networks (PON) Wireless LAN and LMDS (Local Multipoint Distribution Service) Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Other connection means include connection via satellite, electric power lines etc.

The Future of ISPs?

Depends on competitive forces

Increasing demand
ISPs will become increasingly important as more

information is communicated by the Internet Increasing research in ISP sciences An interesting new development is the introduction of new domain names. Instead of the traditional .com, .org and .net there is now .biz and .info.

Thank You!
Presented by: Devanjan Roy Dhruv Phadke Nilay Saraf