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THE IMPORTANT OF TOPONYM IN THE MIDDLE OF MAPS AND IMAGERY IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT

Prepared by:

A. P. Perdana , E. Hendrayana, and W. E. Santoso


NATIONAL MAPPING AGENCY August 2012
ICA and TC IV/8 Maps, Imagery and Crowd Sourcing for Disaster Management

OUTLINE
1. 2. 3. 4. Introduction Data and Method Result and Discussion Conclusion

ICA and TC IV/8 Maps, Imagery and Crowd Sourcing for Disaster Management

Background
Recently maps and imagery is part of our life and the development of information and technology has brought new perspective in understanding our environment through the use of geospatial information.

Now people can easily access and get geospatial information in form of maps or imagery.
1ST question when disaster happens is where place names (name + location)

1. INTRODUCTION

Disaster in Indonesia
Tsunami in Aceh and Nias 2004 was the greatest event of tsunami that hundreds thousands of people died and also cause environmental damage. Earthquake disaster in Yogyakarta and Central Java 2006 caused many people died. Eruption of Merapi Volcano happened in 2008, earthquake in West Sumatra Province year 2009. Then in the year of 2010, flash floods occurred in Wasior, earthquake and tsunami in Mentawai also the eruption of Merapi Volcano in Central Java and Yogyakarta.
(BNPB, 2011a; BNPB, 2011b; Kardono et.al., 2009)

1. INTRODUCTION

Geographical Names for Disaster


Based on several disaster evidences in Indonesia, peoples are always looking for geographical names as the first key to enter relevant information. Disasters need geospatial information that consistence and accurate, especially one of the important things is geographical names (Perdana et.al, 2011a; Perdana et.al, 2011b).

1. INTRODUCTION

Toponym in the middle of Maps and Imagery


Accurate information and data of geographical names should be achieved and realizing the national gazetteer so there is a similarity of geographical names in Indonesia (Presidential
Decree Number 112 Year 2006: National Team for Geographical Names Standardization).

The accurate and consistent writing in geographical names play important roles in the maps and imagery. This paper describes the important of geographical names (toponym) in the middle of maps and imagery for disaster management applications based on the current condition and future need in Indonesia facing disaster.

1. INTRODUCTION

Research Purpose
building the same understanding on the need of accurate and consistent geographical names as part of basic geospatial information for supporting disaster management

1. INTRODUCTION

Study Area

1. INTRODUCTION

Preparation and Data Acquisition


This research start with literature study that consist of previous study, government laws, overview of existing disaster maps and geospatial information related to disaster. Maps and imagery to be compared was accessed from internet and also directly from the institution. Topographic base map and gazetteer data were acquired from Center for Topographic Base Mapping-BAKOSURTANAL as the key on how toponym should be processed into gazetteer to provide geospatial data for supporting disaster management.

2. DATA AND METHOD

Analysis
Based on comparison analysis from crowded sources of maps and images which use toponym or gazetteer as part of them. The purpose of the analysis is to reveal the need of accurate and consistent of toponym.

2. DATA AND METHOD

Result and Discussion


Several maps, imagery and website related disaster management using crowd source for place names. Toponymic geodatabase in BIG prepared as National Gazetteers to be verified and validated by National Team for Geographical Names Standardization. Case study has been conducted to understand the need of National Gazetteer. The development of Ina-GeoNames in Ina-SDI as Indonesia Geoportal is the key of an accurate and consistence toponym also part of one map, one gate, one solution for disaster management, sustainable development, etc.
3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

Websites related Disaster

Need an accurate and consistence toponym

3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

Disaster Maps

3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

Preparation

Methodology
The Use of Toponym in Disaster Management - Mt. Semeru, East Java, INDONESIA
KRB Map, Fieldwork, etc

Digital Topographic Base Map or Rupabumi Indonesia

Editing and Reposition Geographical Names

Adding Elevation Value for Geographical Names Text

Coordinate Transformation Conversion into GIS format Spatial Analysis and Data Join Integration into Geographical Names Database

Book of Gazetteer or Gazetteer Web

Spatial Database
.dbf or geodatabase

GIS format Shapefile (*.shp)

Source: A.P. Perdana et.al., 2011

3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

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Toponymic Geodatabase in Seamless Geo-spatial Database

Desa Cijulang, Kecamatan Cijulang, Kabupaten Ciamis, Provinsi Jawa Barat

3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

Case Study: The Use of Toponym in Disaster Management - Mt. Semeru, East Java, INDONESIA

Gazetteers: Indexes of spatial identifiers; Can be used to achieve interoperability


Source: A.P. Perdana et.al., 2011

3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

SDI UPDATE: INA-GEOPORTAL


ONE MAP, ONE GATE, ONE SOLUTION
http://maps.ina-sdi.or.id :

MAIN FUNCTIONS:
SEARCH & DISCOVER INTEGRATE SHARE DATA AND APPS

PRODUCE THE MAPS


PUBLISH MAPS ACCESS VIA MOBILE DEVICE

EMPOWER CITIZENS TO USE ACCOUNTABLE GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION

Source: A. Karsidi, 2012

3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

INDONESIA UPDATE: INA-GEOPORTAL


EXAMPLE IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT

FACILITATING ALL LEVEL OF DECISION MAKINGS TO COLLABORATE FOR DISASTER RESPONSES WITH ACCURATE AND ACCOUNTABLE GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION

Source: A. Karsidi, 2012

3. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

Concluding Remarks
Toponym or Geographical names as part of basic geospatial information according to Act Number 4 of Geospatial Information have an important role in disaster management. Verification and validation of GeoNames should be done in order to build national gazetteers then to be use as InaGeoNames. FUTURE WORKS: The development of Indonesian GeoNames as part of basic geospatial information in Ina-SDI and The development of gazetteer framework for one map, one gate, one solution.

4. CONCLUSION

Thank You
Terima Kasih