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JOM KIMIA A1

L O

PART 3

PART 3

WHAT YOU MUST KNOW ABOUT CHEMISTRY PAPER 3


SKOR A1 : THE SCORE

To Score Paper 3 is To Tackle Paper 3


KAMAL ARIFFIN BIN SAAIM SMK DATO BENTARA LUAR BATU PAHAT e-mel : kamal_ariffin2006@yahoo.com website: http://kemhawk.webs.com/

Past SPM Question Scoring


YEAR: 2005 YEAR: 2006
No. 1
No. 2

PART 3

YEAR: 2004

YEAR: 2007
No. 1 No. 2

YEAR: 2003

YEAR: 2008
No. 1 No. 2

CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

Past SPM Question Scoring

PART 3

Scoring SPM Paper 3 2006


Question No. 1 Question No. 2

[Click button to see the question]


CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(a): Dapat mencatat suhu awal, suhu tertinggi dan perubahan suhu dengan tepat.

Contoh jawapan:

Initial temperature
Highest temperature Change in temperature

28 oC
40 oC 12 oC

CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(b): Dapat membina jadual yang mengandungi tiga perkara berikut untuk kedua-dua eksperimen.

Contoh jawapan:
Eksperimen Suhu awal Suhu tertinggi Perubahan suhu

I II
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

28 T1

40 T2

T2 T3
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SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(c): Dapat memberikan hipotesis dengan tepat.

Contoh jawapan: Asid hidroklorik / kuat menghasilkan (haba peneutralan) / (perubahan / kenaikan suhu) yang lebih tinggi / rendah daripada asid etanoik / lemah

Skor 3
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(c): Dapat memberikan hipotesis dengan kurang tepat.

Contoh jawapan: Haba peneutralan asid hidroklorik dengan natrium hidroksida adalah lebih tinggi Daripada haba peneutralan asid etanoik dengan natrium hidroksida

Skor 2
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SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(c): Dapat memberikan idea hipotesis dengan betul.

Contoh jawapan: Kenaikan suhu mempengaruhi nilai haba peneutralan.

Skor 1
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(d): Dapat meramal suhu dengan betul dalam julat [ 12 < 15 ]
oC

CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(e): Dapat menyatakan kegunaan langsung dengan tepat mengapa suhu awal dan suhu tertinggi perlu direkodkan.

Contoh jawapan: Untuk mendapatkan perubahan / kenaikan / perbezaan suhu.

CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(f): Dapat memberikan kaedah memperoleh perubahan dengan betul

Contoh jawapan: Suhu tertinggi suhu awal //

Suhu akhir suhu awal

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SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(g): Dapat menyatakan mana-mana 2 pemerhatian dengan betul

Contoh jawapan: 1. 2. 3. 4. Cawan polistirena menjadi panas Bacaan termometer meningkat Tiada perubahan warna larutan Bau asid etanoik hilang

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SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(h): Dapat memberikan mana-mana 3 pembolehubah yang dimalarkan dengan tepat daripada senarai berikut

Contoh jawapan: 1. 2. 3. 4. Kepekatan (bahan tindak balas) Isipadu (bahan tindak balas) Bekas // cawan polistriena // cawan Suhu persekitaran

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SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(i)(i): Dapat memberikan definisi secara operasi dengan tepat

Contoh jawapan: 1. Haba dibebaskan apabila 1 mol ion H+ bertindak balas dengan 1 mol ion OH- untuk menghasilkan 1 mol air 2. Haba dibebaskan apabila 1 mol air dihasilkan 3. Haba yang dibebaskan per bilangan
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(i)(ii): Dapat menyatakan sebab yang tepat mengapa nilai y lebih tinggi daripada nilai x

Contoh jawapan: 1. Perubahan suhu eksp. II / Y lebih tinggi 2. Eksp. II menggunakan asid kuat, asid etanoik adalah asid lemah 3. HCl / asid hidroklorik adalah asid kuat, adalah asid lemah 4. Perubahan suhu eksp. II lebih tinggi berbanding eksp I
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2006 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(j): Dapat membuat pengelasan ketiga-tiga asid dengan tepat

Contoh jawapan: Nama Asid Asid etanoik Asid hidroklorik Jenis asid Lemah Kuat

Asid metanoik
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

Lemah 17

SPM 2006 Question no. 2


Stretching phases Before Length of vulcanised rubber
45 mm

Length of unvulcanised rubber


45 mm

During

59 mm

60 mm

After

45 mm

50 mm

Plan an experiment to compare one characteristic shown in Diagram 2 for both types of rubber.

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SPM 2006 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


2(a). Tujuan : Dapat memberikan tujuan eksperimen dengan tepat

PART 3

i. Membandingkan/membezakan/mengkaji/ menentukan kekenyalan getah tervulkan dengan getah tak tervulkan

ii. Menentukan sama ada getah tervulkan lebih kenyal daripada getah tak tervulkan
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SPM 2006 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:

PART 3

2(b). Pembolehubah / variable : Dapat menyatakan ketiga-tiga pembolehubah dengan betul Pemb. dimanipulasikan: Getah tervulkan dan getah tak tervulkan // jenis getah Pemb. bergerak balas: Perubahan panjang jalur getah // pemanjangan getah // kekenyalan getah Pemb. Dimalarkan: Panjang / saiz jalur getah // pemberat // beban
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SPM 2006 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


2(c). Hipotesis: Dapat menyatakan ketiga-tiga pembolehubah dengan betul Pemb. dimanipulasikan: Getah tervulkan dan getah tak tervulkan // jenis getah

PART 3

Pemb. bergerak balas: Perubahan panjang jalur getah // pemanjangan getah // kekenyalan getah Pemb. Dimalarkan: Panjang / saiz jalur getah // pemberat // beban
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SPM 2006 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


2(c). Hipotesis: Dapat menyatakan ketiga-tiga pembolehubah dengan betul Pemb. dimanipulasikan: Getah tervulkan dan getah tak tervulkan // jenis getah

PART 3

Pemb. bergerak balas: Perubahan panjang jalur getah // pemanjangan getah // kekenyalan getah Pemb. Dimalarkan: Panjang / saiz jalur getah // pemberat // beban
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SPM 2006 Question no. 2

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


2(d). Bahan dan radas: Dapat menyatakan bahan dan radas yang lengkap Getah tervulkan, getah tak tervulkan Klip Pemberat (10 100)g Kaki retort, Pembaris jalur
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SPM 2006 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:

PART 3

2(e). Prosedur eksperimen: 1. Gantung jalur getah *tervulkan/(tak tervulkan) 2. Ukur panjang asal // ambil bacaan 3. Gantungkan pemberat

4. Ukur panjang getah


5. Tanggalkan pemberat voltmeter reading. 6. Ukur panjang getah 7. Ulang eksperimen menggunakan getah tak tervulkan
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SPM 2006 Question no. 2

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


2(e). Penjadualan data:
Manipulated Variable Jenis getah Panjang asal /cm Responding Variable Panjang semasa pemberat digantung /cm Panjang setelah pemberat ditanggalkan /cm

Getah tervulkan Getah tak tervulkan


CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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Past SPM Question Scoring

PART 3

Scoring SPM Paper 3 2007


Question No. 1 Question No. 2

[Click button to see the question]


CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(a)(i) : Able to read all reading accurately to one decimal point with unit.

Sample answer: Experiment 1 Experiment II Experiment III 28.0 oC 29.0 oC 27.0 oC 36.0 oC 25.0 oC 32.0 oC

Experiment IV
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

30.0 oC

27.0 oC 27

SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(a)(ii) : Able to construct a table that contains the following information.

Sample answer; 1. Heading in the table: Experiment, Initial temperature, Highest/Lowest temperature 2. Transfer all temperature reading from (a)(i) correctly 3. With unit at heading
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


Sample answer: Experiment I/1 II / 2 III / 3 IV / 4
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

Initial temperature /oC 28.0 29.0 27.0 30.0

Highest / Lowest temperature /oC 36.0 25.0 32.0 27.0

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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(a)(iii) : Able to make correct classification for the four experiments.

Sample answer: Exothermic reaction I III Endothermic reaction II IV

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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(b)(i) : Able to give any three things correctly that must be kept constant.

Sample answer: 1. volume of water 2. polystyrene cups 3. thermometers 4. mass of sodium hydroxide 5. reject: amount, quantity 6. size of cups 7. sodium hydroxide and water
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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(b)(ii) :Able to state the hypothesis accurately

Sample answer: 1. The reaction between sodium hydroxide and water is an exothermic / endothermic reaction. 2. The reaction between NaOH and water results in increase/decrease in temperature. 3. When NaOH dissolves/added in water, it increases/decreases in temperature/released heat/absorbed heat
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(c)(i) :Able to state; Dropped/decreased 4 oC // - 4 oC // 29 25 oC Able to state two correct reasons;
Sample answer: 1. Heat/energy is absorbed // Endothermic reaction 2. The energy in product is more than the energy in reactants 3. The heat/energy absorbed during bond breaking is greater than the heat/energy released during the bond making.
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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(c)(ii) : Able to give the operational definition accurately by stating the following three information. - The temperature decreases // The temperature goes down/dropped - Endothermic reaction - Heat/energy absorbed

Sample answer: The decrease in temperature shows that endothermic reaction happens where heat/energy is absorbed from the surroundings
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SPM 2007 Question no. 1 Tips to write a good report:


1(d) : Able to predict the three temperature readings correctly.

PART 3

Sample answer: 1. Sulphuric acid 2. Nitric acid 3. Ethanoic acid 37 oC 32 oC 28 31 oC

CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(e)(i) : Able to state three correct observations.

Sample answer: 1. Final temperature is lower than the initial temperature. // The temperature decreases // Level of mercury decreases // thermometer reading decreases. 2. Bubbles are release // effervescence. 3. The volume of the solution is greater/ increases // level of solution increases/ higher.
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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(e)(ii) : Able to make an accurate inference based on the chemical equations.

Sample answer: (Endothermic reaction)/heat/energy is absorbed) when hydrochloric acid/HCl with sodium hydrogen carbonate/NaHCO3 to produce sodium chloride/NaCl, carbon dioxide/CO2 and water.

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SPM 2007 Question no. 1 Tips to write a good report:

PART 3

1(e)(iii) : Able to sketch the graph of the change of the volume of CO2 gas against time by showing the following three information; 1. The axes are labeled correctly 2. Correct unit 3. Curve on the graph shows the increase of volume

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SPM 2007 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


Sample answer:
Volume of CO2 / cm3

Time / minute
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2007 Question no. 2

PART 3

Identify the factor that influences the differences in the voltage. Plan a laboratory experiment to construct an electrochemical cell to determine one factor that influences the differences in the voltage.
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PART 3

SPM 2007 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


1. Problem statement: Start with Does ..

Does the position of the two metals in Electrochemistry Series affect the voltage?

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PART 3

SPM 2007 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


2. Aim: Find Statement from the question

To determine one factor that influences the differences in the voltage

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PART 3

SPM 2007 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


3. Variables : Always given in the question.

Manipulated variable : Pairs of metals

Responding variables: Voltage


Constant variable : Electrolyte /name

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PART 3

SPM 2007 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


4. Hypothesis : Manipulated + responding + direction

The further the distance of the pair of metals in the Electrochemical Series, the voltage become greater.

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PART 3

SPM 2007 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


5. Materials and apparatus : List all the materials and apparatus that involves,

Aluminium, zinc, copper,

beaker, voltmeter, wires, sand paper, the copper(II) sulphate solution (any suitable),
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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PART 3

Tips:
Name at least three metals below than Ca in ECS If use K, Na, Ca : score1 If use any acid as electrolyte, the molarities is less than 1.0 mol dm-3 If use concentrated/bench/molarity greater than 1.0 moldm-3 : score1

No need to state the volume and the concentration of the electrolyte. If you do make sure it suitable/accurate.
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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PART 3

SPM 2007 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


6. Procedures: use simple sentences, passive or active voice, use keywords, sequence

Key word: pour, dip, connect, record, repeat, stir, heated, observe, measure, add, put into,
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PART 3

Not Suggested Answers:

6. Procedures: use simple sentences, passive or active voice, use keywords, sequence

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PART 3

Suggested Answers:
1. Pour the copper sulphate into a beaker. 2. Clean aluminium and copper with sand paper. 3. Dip aluminium and copper into the solution. 4. Connect it to the voltmeter // complete the circuit. 5. Record the voltmeter reading. 6. Repeat steps 1-5 / experiment by substituting aluminium with zinc / one metal for another.
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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PART 3

SPM 2007 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


7. Tabulation: heading for manipulated and responding variables, Responding Manipulated units, Variable
Variable

Pairs of metal

Voltage (V)
HOME

Aluminium and copper


Zinc and copper
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

Max: Score 2

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Past SPM Question Scoring

PART 3

Scoring SPM Paper 3 2008


Question No. 1 Question No. 2

[Click button to see the question]


CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 3

Tips to write a good report:


1(a) : Able to state the relationship correctly between the manipulated variable and the responding variable.

Sample answer:
Acid coagulated latex while alkali does not coagulate the latex.

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SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 4

Tips to write a good report:


1(b) : Able to state the time taken in Set I and Set II accurately with correct unit.

Sample answer:
Set I : 5 minutes // 300 second // 0.03 hours Set II: 360 minutes // 21600 seconds // 6 hours
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SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 4

Tips to write a good report:


1(c) : Able to construct a table to record the time taken for Set I and Set III of experiment that contains: 1. Correct titles 2. Readings and units

Sample answer:
Set I III
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

Time taken /minutes 5 360 Or

Set

Time taken

I
III

5 minutes
6 hours

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SPM 2008 Question no. 1 Tips to write a good report:


1(d): Able to state all correct observations, one from each set.

PART 4

Sample answer: Set I : 1. 2. Set II: 1. 2. 3. Set III: 1. 2.


CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

Latex coagulates A solid lump is formed Latex does not coagulate No change Liquid Latex coagulates Solid lump is formed

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SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 4

Tips to write a good report:


1(e): Able to state the correct operational definition for coagulation of latex correctly.

Sample answer: Latex becomes solid when acid is added //

Latex becomes solid when exposed to air

CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 4

Tips to write a good report:


1(f): Able to state all three variables correctly

Sample answer: Manipulated variable: Ethanoic acid / Acid , Ammonia solution / Alkali Responding Variable: Coagulate/Does not coagulate// Time taken for coagulation Constant Variable: Volume of latex/acid/(ammonia solution)/alkali//latex// temperature 57

CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 4

Tips to write a good report:


1(g)(i) : Able to state the observation correctly

Sample answer:

Latex coagulate //
Latex becomes white // Latex is solidified

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SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 4

Tips to write a good report:


1(g)(ii) : Able to give both explanations correctly

Sample answer:
1. Ammonia is neutralized // OH- ions reacted with H+ ions 2. Acid / H+ ions neutralized (negative charged) / (protein membrane)

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SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 4

Tips to write a good report:


1(h) : Able to explain the following aspects correctly
1. The presence of bacteria 2. Bacteria produce acid

Sample answer:

Bacteria produce acid / H+ ions.

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SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 4

Tips to write a good report:


1(i)(i) :Able to compare correctly by referring to (time frame) / concentration of H+ ions

Sample answer: The concentrations /number/amount/quantity of H+ ions in Set I is higher // [vice versa]

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SPM 2008 Question no. 1

PART 4

Tips to write a good report:


1(i)(ii) :Able to classify all the four substances correctly

Sample answer:
Can coagulate latex Cannot coagulate latex

Nitric acid Methanoic acid

Potassium hydroxide Sodium hydroxide

Total marks: 33
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

Home
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SPM 2008 Question no. 2


Statement 1 Lithium, Li, moves slowly at random on the surface of the water with a little fizzing. The water then turns red litmus paper to blue

PART 3

Statement 2 Sodium, Na, moves rapidly at random on the surface of the water with a hissing sound. The water then turns red litmus paper to blue.
Statement 3 Potassium, K, moves very rapidly at random on the surface of the water. It ignites with a lilac flame with a pop and a hissing sound. The water then turns red litmus paper to blue.

Plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the reactivity of lithium, sodium and potassium with water.

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PART 3

SPM 2008 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


a. Aim: Find from the question
Plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the reactivity of lithium, sodium and potassium with water.

Sample answer: To investigate the reactivity of Group 1 elements/lithium, sodium and potassium with water
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PART 3

SPM 2008 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


b. Variables : Always given in the question.
Plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the reactivity of lithium, sodium and potassium with water.

Sample answer: Manipulated Variable: Elements of Group 1 Responding Variable : Reactivity Constant Variable
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

: Temperature / size of alkali metal

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PART 3

SPM 2008 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


c. Hypothesis: Relationship between the manipulated variable and the responding variable with direction.
Sample answer: (The lower/higher position of metal in) / (going down/up) Group 1, the more reactive is the metal in reaction with water.
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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PART 3

SPM 2008 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


d. List of substances and apparatus: Complete list of substances and apparatus.
Sample answer: Substances: Lithium, sodium, potassium, water Apparatus : Water trough/basin/pale/tray/tank, knife, forceps, filter paper,

CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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PART 3

SPM 2008 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


e. Procedure : List all the steps correctly
Sample answer: 1. Fill the water trough with water 2. Cut piece of lithium using a knife and forceps 3. Dry the lithium using filter paper 4. Place the lithium on the surface of water 5. Record all the changes / observation 6. Repeat (step 1 to 5) / experiment using sodium and potassium
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PART 3

SPM 2008 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


e. Procedure : List all the steps correctly
Sample answer: 1. Fill the water trough with water 2. Cut piece of lithium using a knife and forceps 3. Dry the lithium using filter paper 4. Place the lithium on the surface of water 5. Record all the changes / observation 6. Repeat (step 1 to 5) / experiment using sodium and potassium
CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 4541/3

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PART 3

SPM 2008 Question no. 2 Tips to write a good report:


e. Tabulation of data: Tabulate the data with the following aspects 1. Correct titles 2. Complete list of elements Responding
Sample answer:
Variable

Manipulated Variable Max: Score 2

Element Lithium Sodium Potassium

Observation/Reactivity
HOME

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MASTERING PAPER 3 : THE SCORE

Know to SCORE, sure to MASTER Paper 3

PART 3

PART 3

MASTERING PAPER 3 : THE SCORE

END OF PART 3

Thank You
KAMAL ARIFFIN BIN SAAIM SMK DATO BENTARA LUAR BATU PAHAT mel : kamal_ariffin2006@yahoo.com website: http://kemhawk.webs.com/ e-

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