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OAA000003 NGN Protocol Overview

ISSUE 2.0

Fixed Network Curriculum Development Section

Objective

After this session, you will learn:

Concepts of SoftX3000 interfaces

and protocols

Classification of SoftX3000 protocols Roles of SoftX3000 protocols and

signaling

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References
Product Manual Technical Manual Signaling and

Protocols - Overview

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Interfaces and Protocols SoftX3000 Signaling System SoftX3000 Signaling Classification SoftX3000 Signaling Bearing

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Interface and Protocol

An interface is the connection point between two adjacent network entities, and a protocol specifies the principles to be followed for information interchanging over such connection points (interfaces) Different protocols are usually used on different interfaces and maybe on the same interface as well.

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SoftX3000 Interfaces and Protocols


MRS

MML/SNMP

MGCP

SCP

APP Server

FTP/FTAM

NMS

SIP
SIP H.323 SIP

BC

Service Layer

Control Layer

H.323

SS7

SoftX3000

SoftSwitch

PSTN
SIGTRAN MGCP/SIP/H.323

SG

H.248

EPhone

Other Network

TMG AMG IAD

Access Layer 6

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Corresponding Relations between SoftX3000 Interfaces and Protocols


Interface SoftX3000-SG SoftX3000-TMG SoftX3000-AMG SoftX3000-IAD SoftX3000-MRS SoftX3000-Terminal SoftX3000-SoftSwitch SoftX3000-PSTN/ISDN SoftX3000-SIP SoftX3000-H.323 SoftX3000-NMS SoftX3000-BC Application Protocols SIGTRAN H.248 MGCPH.248 MGCPH.248 MGCP MGCP SIP H.323 SIP SS7 SIP H.323 MML or SNMP FTP or FTAM Signaling Transmission Protocols M3UA/M2UA/SCTP/IP UDP/IPSCTP/IPTCP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IPTCP/IP UDP/IP MTP UDP/IP UDP/IPTCP/IP TCP/IP

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SoftX3000 Protocol System


SS7 H.248 INAP H.248 MGCP MGCP SIP SIP H.323 H.323 OSI layer 7

I S U P

TCAP SCCP

5 MTP3 M2UA MTP2 SCTP IP IP MTP1 MAC MAC MAC MAC MAC IP IP IP 3 M3UA TCP UDP SCTP UDP UDP UDP TCP 4

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1

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Interfaces and Protocols SoftX3000 Signaling System SoftX3000 Signaling Classification SoftX3000 Signaling Bearing

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SS7 Signaling
T U P I S U P SCCP

INAP TCAP
User part MTP

MTP3
M2UA

M3UA

MTP2 MTP1

SCTP IP MAC
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SIP Protocol

Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is an application-layer control protocol that can establish, modify and terminate multimedia sessions or calls. It is the core protocol of IETF multimedia data and control architecture. It can be easily expanded, conveniently achieved, and suitable to implement Internet-based multimedia conference systems.

SIP
User Part MTP

UDP IP MAC

The NGN Soft-Switch system interconnects with other Soft-Switch systems and SIP domain devices via SIP signaling, achieving the call control functions between them.

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H.323 Protocol

H.323 is a communication control protocol put forward by ITU. It provides multimedia communications services over Packet Based Networks (PBNs). Call control is one of the major parts of H.323 and can be used to establish point-to-point media conference and multipoint media conference. H.323 defines entities such as H.323 Gateways, Gatekeepers, Multipoint Controllers, Multipoint Processors and Multipoint Control Units. H.323 Gateways are between Switched Circuit Network (SCN) and packet switched network. Gatekeepers provide access control and address translation services. Multipoint Controllers (MCs) provide the multipoint control function for the multiparty conference. Multipoint Processors (MPs) enables mixing of multipoint media streams. H.323 itself is a protocol set, including such protocols as RAS, Q.931 and H.245. RAS is transmitted on UDP, Q.931 is transmitted on TCP and H.245 is transmitted on UDP.

H.323
Q.931 RAS/H.245

UP
MTP

TCP UDP
IP

MAC

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MGCP and H.248

Media Gateway Control Protocol is a master/slave equipment control protocol that provides signaling and call control for Media Gateways and Voice over IP (VoIP) terminal devices (the Media Gateway Controller

controlling the Media Gateway). The protocol is a combination of simple


gateway control protocols and IP equipment control specifications.

H.248/Megaco is a successor to MGCP and will finally replace it, while their protocol concepts are thoroughly different. With the development of

NGN, the media control protocols between the MGC and the MG will be
unified to H.248 gradually.

SoftX3000 Soft-Switch System acts as a MGC in the distributed gateway model and controls various Media Gateways (such as Access Gateways, Trunking Gateways, Media Resource Servers, etc.) via MGCP/H.248.

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MGCP and H.248

MGCP

H.248
UP MTP

UDP IP MAC

SCTP/TCP

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Interfaces and Protocols SoftX3000 Signaling System SoftX3000 Signaling Classification SoftX3000 Signaling Bearing

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SoftX3000 Signaling Classification

Signaling transport protocol Signaling transport layer protocol


provides SoftX3000 with signaling transport services. One application protocol of SoftX3000 can usually use multiple transport protocols. For example, H.248 can use SCTP/TCP/UDP.

Bearer control protocol is a kind of master/slave protocol used for


Media Gateway Controller (MGC) to control Media Gateways (MGs), such as Access Gateways, Trunk Gateways and Residential Gateways from external call elements like a Call Agent (SoftX3000).

Call control protocol A protocol used to control call setup,


connection and termination. The call control protocols used in SoftX3000 are ISUP of SS7, SIP and H.323. In a VoIP domain, SIP and H.323 serve for call control in multimedia conference. ISUP is the call control protocol used for the switched circuit network.

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Signaling Transmission Protocols

IP, TCP, UDP.

SCTP: Stream control transport protocol


M2UA - - User adaptation layer protocol of SS7 MTP2. M3UA - - User adaptation layer protocol of SS7 MTP3.

MTP (Message Transport Protocol) - - SS7 network


protocol of TDM.

SCCP - -Providing INAP with signaling transmission

service

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Bearer Control Protocols

Bearer control protocol is used to control media

gateways.

MGCP and H.248 protocols

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Call Control Protocols

ISUP and INAP -- Switched circuit network control

protocols.

H.323 and SIP - -Call control protocols in packet switched network

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Attention

Bearer control protocols are non-peer-to-peer protocols, used between MGC and MG only, while call control protocols are peer-to-peer protocols, used between MGC and MGC, that is, namely, inter-office signaling.

MGCP and H.248 protocols accomplish the bearer

control functions in the communication between TMG


and MGC, and the call control protocol above them is ISUP. In communication between AG and MGC, ISUP has the call control functions (for example, identification of hanging on, hanging off, etc.) in addition to the bearer control functions.
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Interfaces and Protocols SoftX3000 Signaling System SoftX3000 Signaling Classification SoftX3000 Signaling Bearing

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SoftX3000 Signaling Bearer Hardware Path

FE
BFII BFII

SIP

IFMI IFM

BSGI MSGI

H.323

FCCU

SIGTRAN

FE BFII BFII

MGCP

IFMI IFM

BSGI BSGI

H.248

FCCU
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Question/issue

What protocols does SoftX3000 adopt? In what occasions are these protocols used?

Write the path of MGCP.

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Answer1
Interface
SoftX3000-SG SoftX3000-TMG SoftX3000-AMG SoftX3000-IAD SoftX3000-MRS SoftX3000-Ephone SoftX3000-SoftSwitch SoftX3000-PSTN/ISDN SoftX3000-SIP entity SoftX3000-NMS SoftX3000-BC

Application Protocols
SIGTRAN H.248 MGCPH.248 MGCPH.248 MGCP MGCP SIP SIP SS7 SIP MML or SNMP FTP or FTAM

Signaling Transport Protocols


M2UA/SCTP/IP UDP/IPSCTP/IPTCP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP UDP/IP MTP UDP/IP -

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Answer 2

FEBFIIIFMIBSGIMGCP

processing

module on FCCU

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Summary

SoftX3000 uses the following protocols: SIGTRAN, MGCP, H.248, H.323, SIP and ISUP.

SIGTRAN protocol group is used when SoftX3000 is

interconnected with PSTN, over which the ISUP protocol


is borne. MGCP and H.248 protocols are used for interconnection with various MGs. H.323 and SIP protocols are used for interconnection among SoftSwitch devices, and meanwhile, H.323 can also be used for interworking with H.323 media terminal, while SIP can be used for interworking with SIP terminal.

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