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Group members

NAME
1. MUHAMMAD REDZWAN B. MOHAMAD RAFFE
2. MUHAMMAD ASYRAF SALAHUDDIN B. MAZLAN 3. MUHAMMAD AIMAN B. ABDUL KARIM 4. NORMANISMA BINTI ABDUL AZIZ 5. NADIA BINTI SENIN 6. NOR ASHIKIN BT HAMDAN

MATRIC NO
2007105579
2007105529 2007105457 2007105463 2007105609 2007105501

WHY WE CHOOSE RUMAH KEDAH?

KEDAHS TRADITIONAL HOUSE


Malay traditional house in Kedah Darul Aman State have their own unique characteristic and can be seen at its roof design construction and its beautiful structure design.

Its space design is easy, and its floor plan arrangement can be divide into some primary space like rumah ibu, lepau, anjung.

BUILDING DESIGN
The traditional house of Kedah has long and pitch tebar layar or long gable The Kedah traditional house commonly have areas like anjung, lepau, rumah ibu,and a room.

lepau and rumah ibu is functioning to separate the area between owner and guests.
Lepau, the extended living area is used when there is ceremony like wedding

ELEMENT DESIGN

ROOF
The most common house form is bumbung panjang . This type of roof gives good shading for the house and as the protection from solar radiation. It also as the gutter for rain and to prevent the rain from dropped onto the wall or into the building.

VERANDAH
Balcony is the element resulting from extension of lepau. Level of anjung is built low than lepau to avoid the stairs from being too high from the ground level. Anjung also can be use as the rest area for the family and the place to chat between friends in the evening.

LEPAU
This area is used to attend the guests and built lower than rumah ibu .This area also can show whether the owner is rich or poor by the decoration of this area. Its decorating with beautiful and decorative engraving that is very suitable with its function as the area to attend guests.

RUMAH IBU [main house]

Function of rumah ibu is as the centre of the house where it connected others area in the house like lepau.

Column
Column is one from the main structure. One of the column is called tiang seri situated in the middle where the ceremony to built the house is taken. A line of 4 columns at the front of rumah ibu make lepau one of the most unique area in house of Kedah.

FLOOR
Malay Kedahs house has two types of floors which are common floor and seldom floor. Common floor is used for almost area of the house to support live load and dead load refers to the uses of the area. Lantai jarang (seldom floor) can be found in bedroom at rumah ibu used if there is any emergency, diseased, or death. Each of these planks will be closely arranged to avoid the interval between the planks

WALL
Most of Kedah house used plaiting bamboo or papan cantik as their walls. To maintain it original traditional value we also has apply papan cantik at our chalet .

DOOR
The main door ( 2 door leaf) is from anjung to lepau. There also a door (1 door leaf) which connect rumah ibu to bedroom and a door (1 door leaf) which connect rumah ibu to bath room.

WINDOW

Traditional Kedah house only have one type of window. This type of window known as tingkap labuh. This window can be found at lepau and rumah ibu area and consists of 3 segments. These segments are formed from inflated plank panels. This window also built together with jerejak to avoid anyone from falling down onto the ground, especially children. Jerejak also have the function which allows air to flow into the house area and cool the house

STAIRCASE
The main stair is situated at the front of the house that is stair at the front door to the lepau. This stair was built with joint method. The total numbers of stairs must be in odd numbers because peoples believe it is symbol of luck for the house owner. In the Islam, we are practice to start the step with the right step, so if the stairs is odd in numbers, people who start with the right step will end also on the right step.

HIGH FLOOR AREA


Usually, floor design for a Malay traditional house was built higher than the ground level. With the higher floor area than the ground, the air that moves under the floor can cool the floor. Furthermore, it can prevent the house from water entrance during flood, attack of the wild animal and protecting the house from the thieves. This show, safety characteristics is the main factors besides providing comfortable in the house.

CHALET PROPOSED DESIGN


Area for 1 room SpaceFloor BedRoom Bathroom Verandah Area(mm) 1700X1200 1500X1200 1200x1500

Area for 2 rooms SpaceFloor Room (2 units) Bathroom (1 units) Verandah Living hall Area(mm) 1900x1650 1400x1200 1200X4100 3000x4500

MATERIAL AND FINISHES USED


Element Foundation Material concrete Finishes Paint Types of opening -

Front door

Timber frame solid door


timber Timber timber Timber Timber concrete Timber

syelek and varnish

Composite casement
Composit casement fixed -

Bathroom door Front window Bathroom window Wall Floor Bathroom floor Stairs

cement screed/varnish Syelek syelek and varnish Syelek and varnish Tiles syelek and varnish

Roof

Nypah

Nypah

SIZE
FOOTING: 200 X 200 (mm) COLUMN: 150 X 150 (mm) BEAM:150 x 75(mm) ROOF TRUSSES:100 x 100(mm)

DETAIL AT CONNECTION

Footing to column

Column to beam

Column to roof beam

Roof trusses

METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION

1) The site is cleared and the footings and the structural components are laid in their respective positions.

2) The tiang seri is erected using a pulley and with the help of other villagers. It is then braced with wooden supports.

3) Other columns are erected and are braced by the floor joists, crossbars and wooden supports.

4) A temporary floor is made to facilitate the erection of the roof

5) The alang panjang (girts) and the alang pendek (tie-girts) are erected.

6) The tunjuk langit (king posts) are erected and are braced by crossbars.

7) The tulang bumbung (roof ridge) is erected,supported by the king posts. The alang panjang of the serambi and the alang muda is also put up.

8) The roof structure is erected. The kasau jantan (principle rafters) supports the kasau lintang (purlins) which in turn support the kasau attap (common rafters).

9) The roofing material made from nypah is sewn onto a wooden spine. It is sewn overlapping each other onto the kasau attap (common rafters). The floor boards and the tebar layer are also laid.

CONCLUSION
Our proposed traditional house has its own special characteristics and is the most suitable this chalet project.it is because:
Only use mortise and tennon as method of connection Combine system (precast + in-situ) Jerejak to avoid anyone from falling down to the ground Tingkap labuh for a better ventilation Use less of expensive material

Thank you