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DIVORCED OR BROKEN FAMILIES

Team members: M Tanbhir Ahmed Fahim Mahmood Sameen Ahsan Nusrat Jahan Md. Saifur Rahman 081 883 030 083 737 530 103 0758 020 112 0664 030 113 0760 630

Introduction
What is a broken family? A broken family is one where the parents (mother and father) of a child or children have split up and no longer share a single family home also known as a broken home.

Psychological and emotional effects on children as they have two parents. Health, behavioral, learning and emotional problems They dont learn how to love and receive love. More common in Western Countries than Asia

STATISTICS
Rank Countries
#1 #2 United States: Russia

Amount
4.95 per 1,000 people 3.36 per 1,000 people 3.08 per 1,000 people 2.81 per 1,000 people 2.63 per 1,000 people

# 3 United Kingdom #4 Denmark

# 5 New Zealand

# 6 Australia # 7 Canada Bangladesh

2.52 per 1,000 people 2.46 per 1,000 people

Family Structure- Traditional concepts


selection Arranged by groups Arranged by family
Marriage Mate

Types Endogamy Of Spouses Polygamy

No.

Family Structure- Traditional concepts (contd.)

Residence Pattern Patrilocal

Control Body Patriarchal

Types of family Joint family

Family Structure- As an today


A big transition has took place in our social life. Especially for the last two decades, we have seen a tremendous change in our social structure that not only brought positive changes but also some changes that are concerning.

The modern day concept of family structure

Mate selection Own Choice Marriage Types Exogamy No. Of Spouses Monogamy

The modern day concept of family structure (contd.)


Residence Pattern Patrilocal Neolocal, & even Matrilocal

Control Body Patriarchal, Matrilocal & also Egalitarian

The modern day concept of family structure (contd.)


Types of family Nuclear Family Dual-career Family Living Together & Also, single parent family

CAUSES
(worldwide context)
Peoples account of divorces/se can be focused primarily on variations of : Gender Socioeconomic Status Duration of marriage Age at marriage

GENDER

Duration of marriage / Age at marriage

Socioeconomic Status

Causes (in context of Bangladesh)

Grooms education and Socioeconomic Status odds of marriage increases if brides


come from households of fewer assets.

Dowry inability of the brides family to pay the


dowry.

Age at Marriage grooms age at marriage


inversely related to rate of divorce

Causes (continued)

Fertility Rate having no children increases the odds of divorce. Violence/ Physical Abuse taking out
frustration on the wife; leads to fleeing from the household.

Polygyny less stable relationships than


monogamous marriages.

The Effects of Parental Divorce


1.Issue and Application 2.Divorce & Trust 3.Inter-Parental Conflict 4.Divorce During Adolescence

Issue and Application

Past research has shown that parental divorce creates difficulty for children in their own intimate relationships when they reach adulthood To what extent is this true and what can be done to help couples with concerns about their own marital stability?

Divorce & Trust

Past research has found parental divorce related to general lack of trust in intimate relationships Need for commitment and attachment may lead to unhealthily dependent relationships Secure attachment cannot exist without trust Effects of divorce on trust not significant if secure attachment to at least one adult in childhood

Inter-Parental Conflict

Adults who report high level of conflict in parents marriages also report lower levels of satisfaction with own intimate relationships

Bring maladaptive conflict resolution styles to own relationships

Divorce During Adolescence

Children whose parents divorced during their adolescence reported more stress, anxiety, depression, fewer social interactions, and lower self concept than those in intact families Teenagers may rely more on outside sources for emotional support

Marriage Counseling Steps


Couples counseling should focus on tackling problems as a team, not on the couple as individuals View problems as separate from the relationship Focus on strengths of each person and how strengths can contribute to solving the problem; emphasize intimacy, trust and teamwork
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Set common goals/ remove individual blame Realize that the problem is solvable Come up with a solution Make mutual commitment to long term change Enact the solution behavior; solve the problem Maintain the behavior; backtrack if necessary Address how to solve problems in the future

PREP (Preventative Relationship Enhancement Program)

Works with both secular and religious groups Equal success with both lay and clergy leaders Basic premise: harmful interaction patterns that threaten the security of the spousal relationship can be changed (criticism) Makes people aware of these patterns and how they can avoid and conquer marital problems before they head for divorce Couples who participated in PREP reported fewer negative interactions and more positive interactions than those in other secular marriage counseling programs

Conclusions

Parental divorce does not necessarily mean divorce is inevitable for children High quality attachment to adult figure is correlated with better outcome of divorce for children Trust is correlated with secure attachment Inter-parental conflict is significant to psychological adjustment but may be lessened by social influences outside the home There is a tendency to form families like those we were raised in; children of divorce tend to marry each other; promote maladaptive behaviors

Conclusions

Awareness

Communication; discussion Pre-marital or marital counseling

Religious organizations can be better prepared to help couples with problems Support those considering divorce in religious communities

No shame in asking for help Early intervention might cut down on number of divorces