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Presented by:Kapil mohan goel LL.M 3 rd sem Subharti Law College
Presented by:Kapil mohan goel
LL.M 3 rd sem
Subharti Law College

CONTENTS

  • INTRODUCTION.

  • TYPES OF DRUGS USED AMONG ADOLESCENTS

  • CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE

  • EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE

  • DRUG ADDICTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL PROGRAMS

  • MATERIALS USED IN PROMOTING DRUG PREVENTION

  • AIM OF THE DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMS

  • HOW TO PREVENT DRUG ADDICTION

  • INSTRUCTIONS FOR TREATMENT

  • CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION

  • DRUG ADDICTION means that a person needs a drug to function nomally,it’s the compulsive use of substane,despite its negative or dangerous effects.

  • DRUG AWARENESS units to be setup in all states by the federal state and local government not to treat people as criminals, but to help solve there socio-psychological problem.

TYPES OF DRUGS USED AMONG

ADOLESCENTS

  • STIMULANTS e.g:Caffeine, found in tea, coffee and chocolate.

  • HALLUCINOGENS e.g: Cannabis,LSD(Lysergic acid diethylamide)

  • NARCOTICS e.g: heroin, codeine, opium

  • SEDATIVES e.g: valium, alcohol,promotazine, chloroform.

  • TRANQUILIZERS e.g: Librium, Valium

CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE

  • Experimental curiosity.

  • Peer group influence and pleasure .

  • Lack of parental supervision.

  • Personality problems due to socio-economic conditions.

  • The need for energy to work for long hours.

  • Availability of drugs.

  • The need to prevent occurrence of withdrawl symptoms.

EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE

  • ALCOHOL RELATED PROBLEMS

    • 1. PHYSICAL PROBLEMS e.g

liver

cirrhosis,

pancreatic,

peptic ulcer, disorder.

tuberculosis, hypertension, neurological

  • 2. MENTAL RETARDATION.

  • 3. PSYCHATRIC e.g pathological drunkenness, suicidal behaviour .

  • 4. Socially-broken homes, increased crime rate, sexual offences, homicide and sexually transmitted diseases.

contd… ..

Contd……

  • Tobacco: Causes stimulation of heart and narrowing of blood vessels, producing hypertension, headache, loss of appetite, nausea and delayed growth of the fetus. It also aggravates or causes sinusitis, bronchitis, cancer, strokes, and heart attack.

  • Stimulants: Lethargy, irritability, exaggerated self confidence, damage nose linings, sleeplessness, and psychiatric complications.

  • Inhalants: Causes anemia, damage kidney and stomach bleeding.

  • Narcotics: Causes poor perception, constipation, cough, suppression, vomiting, drowsiness and sleep, unconsciousness and death.

DRUG ADDICTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL PROGRAMS

  • LIFE SKILLS TRAINING PROGRAM.

  • PROJECT STAR(Students Taught Awareness and Resistance) is a complete drug abuse intervention program.

  • PROJECT FAMILY encourage and influence parental participation in programs that are family orientated, and prepare for future drug-free years.

MATERIALS USED IN PROMOTING DRUG PREVENTION

  • Employers

  • Health care professionals.

  • Parents.

  • Teachers.

AIM OF THE DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMS

  • The core focus of these classes is to teach children to refuse to accept peer pressures, to develop self-esteem and confidence, to handle anxiety, and to understand the consequences of making bad choices.

  • Resistance to drug advertisement, prevention, and role model development.

  • Coping with social pressure and modeling.

  • Create positive change within the family unit.

HOW TO PREVENT DRUG ADDICTION

Create a supportive and stable home environment for the adolescent child. Studies show that children are
Create a supportive and stable home environment for the adolescent child.
Studies show that children are much more likely to have a substance abuse problem if
there is divorce or violence in their home life.
Talk to your children and make them feel comfortable enough to confide in you.
Open lines of communication are essential in helping to prevent substance abuse
because the abuse most likely is the result of another issue in your child's life. If the
child feels he can talk to you, it may alleviate some of the pressure in his life.
Be a parent first and a friend second. Too many times parents want to be friends
with their children and create a permissive environment that lacks proper boundaries.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR TREATMENT

  • If you do suspect your child is abusing drugs, seek the advice of a mental health professional. Try to locate the problem Find whether it is a family issue, problems at school or problems with socialization, and help resolve the issue.

  • Encourage your child to socialize with a different group of people than He/she is currently hanging out with. You could try getting them involved in a new activity that would involve new friends. Do not criticize her current friends, as he/she will be personally offended.

CONCLUSION

 DRUG ABUSE among adolescents is a problem that is causing serious concern to both individuals
DRUG ABUSE among adolescents is a problem that is
causing serious concern to both individuals and
governments all over the world.
Many of them engaged in drug abuse out of frustation,
poverty,lack of parental supervision , peer influence and
pleasure.
However, with effective counselling programme, the
problems can be tackled.