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1. Find the dlat and dep made good if a vessel steams 248 T for 1,936 nm. A. dlat 725.

2 S; dep. 1,795.1 B. dlat 725.2 S; dep. 1,695.1 C. dlat 725.2 S; dep. 1,695.1 D. dlat 700.9 S; dep. 1,695.1

1. Solution: Find Dlat and Dep. Sin Co. = Dep / Dist. Dep. = Sin Co. x Dist. Dep. = Sin 248 x 1936 Dep = 1,795.0 nm Cos. Co. = Dlat / Dist. Dlat = Cos Co. x Dist Dlat = Cos 248 x 1936 Dlat = 725.2 nm Dist inv. PR Co. Dlat inv. x y Dep 248 = 725.23 1795 1936

2. A vessel steams 026 T. for 435 nm. What was the dlat and departure? A. dlat 391.0 N; dep. 180.7 B. dlat 380.9 N; dep. 190.7 C. dlat 391.0 N; dep. 190.7 D. dlat 700.9 S; dep. 190.7

2. Solution: Find Dlat and Dep. P R ( Polar to Rectangular ) Dist. Inv. PR Course Dlat inv. x-y Dep
435 026 = 390.97 190.69

3. A vessel steams 215 T for 341 nm. Find dlat and departure made good. A. dlat 279.3 S; dep. 196.6 B. dlat 279.3 S; dep. 195.6 C. dlat 297.3 S; dep. 195.6 D. dlat 279.3 N; dep. 195

3. Solution: Find Dlat and Dep. P R (Polar to Rectangular ) Dist inv. P R Co. Dlat inv. X Y Dep 341 215 = 279.33 S 195.58

4. A vessel makes a dlat of 289.4 N. and a departure of 203.2 nm. Find the course and distance? A. Course 324 55.5; Dist. 353.6 B. Course 324 55.5; Dist. 300.0 C. Course 324 55.5; Dist. 380.1 D. Course 324 55.5; Dist. 343.0

4. Solution: Find Co. and Dist. Tan co. = Dep / Dlat Tan co. = 203.2 / 289.4 inv. Tan Co. = 35.07 - 360 = 324 55 Sin Co. = Dep / Dist. Dist. = Dep / Sin. Co. Dist = 203.2 / Sin 35.07 Dist = 353.65 nm R P ( Rectangular to Polar ) Dist R P Dep Dist inv x y Co.
289.4 203.2 = 353.6 35.07

5. A vessel steers a course of 146 T from lat 35 10 N. to lat 8 46 N. How far did she steam? A. 1,900.0 nm B. 1,910.7 nm C. 2,000.0 nm D. 1,850.0 nm

5. Solution: Find Dist. Lat fr. = 35 10 N Lat in = 08 46 N ( - ) Dlat = 26 24 S x 60 Dlat = 1584 S Cos.Co = Dlat / Dist Dist = Dlat / Cos Co. Dist = 1584 / Cos 146/ 34 Dist = 1910.65 nm

6. In what latitudes will a departure of 300 nm correspond to a dlong of 6 40? A. 46 24 N or S B. 39 00 N or S C. 41 24.6 N or S D. 43 23 N or S

6. Solution: Find Latitude Dlo = Dep / Cos Lat. 6 40 Cos Lat. = Dep / Dlo x 60 Cos Lat = 300 / 400 DLO = 400 Lat = 0.75 inv. Cos Lat = 41 24.6 N or S

7. On a certain parallel the distance between two meridians is 250 nm while the dlong between the meridians is 12 30. What is the latitude? A. 70 31.9 N or S B. 71 31.9 N or S C. 70 00.0 N or S D. 69 31.8 N or S

7. Solution: Find Latitude Dlo = 12 30 x 60 Dlo = 750 Cos Lat. = Dist / Dlo Cos Lat = 250 / 750 Lat = 0.333 inv. Cos Lat = 70 31.8 N / S

8. In latitude 50 10 N. the departure between two meridians is 360 nm. What is the dlong.? A. 9 00 E or W B. 8 33 E or W C. 8 00 E or W D. 9 22 E or W

8. Solution: Find Dlo Dlo = Dep / Cos Lat. Dlo = 360 / Cos 50 10 Dlo = 562.011 / 60 Dlo = 9 22 E or W

9. A vessel steams on a course of 090 T from A in lat 23 30 N, long 59 10 E to B in lat 23 30 N, long 65 30 E. How far did she steam? A. 350.5 nm B. 349.5 nm C. 348.5 nm D. 378.6 nm

10. Solution: Find Distance Long 1 = 59 10 E Long 2 = 65 30 E ( - ) Dlo = 06 20 x 60 Dlo = 380 Dist = Dlo x Cos Lat. Dist = 380 x Cos 23 30 Dist = 349 nm

10. From Lat X N. a vessel steams 000 T 50 nm, and then 090 T 100 nm. If the difference of longitude is 185. Find the Lat of X? A. 50 00 00 N B. 50 49.5 N C. 56 00 00 N D. 56 26.75 N

Solution: Find Latitude X 100 dlo 090


50 000

Cos Lat. = Dist / Dlo 100 / 185 Cos Lat = 57 16.8 N ( - ) 50 Lat X = 56 26.8 N

11. From lat 44 15 N, long 10 20 W. a vessel steamed 270 T for 550 nm, and then 180 T for 753 nm. Find her final position. A. Lat. 31 42 N., Long 20 07.8 W B. Lat. 30 42 N., Long 20 07.8 W C. Lat. 30 42 N., Long. 23 07.8 W D. Lat. 31 42 N., Long 23 07.8 W

11. Solution: Find Final Position Dlat = 753 / 60 Dlat = 12 33 S Lat 1 = 44 15 N ( - ) Lat 2 = 31 42 N Dlo = Dist. / Cos Lat Dlo = 550 / Cos 44 15 Dlo = 767.83 / 60 Dlo = 12 47.8 W Long1 = 10 20.0 W ( + ) Long2 = 23 07.8 W

12. On a certain parallel, the distance between two meridians is 150 nm. On the Equator, the distance between the same two meridians is 235 nm. What is the latitude of the parallel? A. 50 00.1 N or S B. 48 00.1 N or S C. 49 00.1 N or S D. 50 20.1 N or S

12. Solution: Find Latitude of Parallel Cos Lat = Dist / Dlo Cos Lat = 150 / 235 Lat = 0.638297 inv. Cos Lat = 50 20.1 N / S

13. The distance between two meridians in lat. 48 12 N is 250 nm. What is the angle at the pole? A. 7 15.1 B. 6 15.1 C. 5 15.1 D. 6 50.0

13. Solution: Find Dlo / Angle at the Pole Cos Lat = Dist / Dlo Dlo = 250 / Cos 48 12 Dlo = 375.075 / 60 Dlo = 6 15.1

14. A vessel steams 47nm along the parallel of Y N from long 15 35 W to the meridian of 27 20 W. What is the latitude of Y? A. 46 11.3 N B. 49 11.3 N C. 48 11.3 N D. 47 11.3 N

14. Solution: Find Latitude Long 1 = 15 35 W Long 2 = 27 30 W ( - ) Dlo = 11 45 W x 60 Dlo = 705 Cos Lat. = Dist. / Dlo Cos Lat. = 470 / 705 Lat = 0.66666 inv. Cos Lat Y = 48 11.3 N

15. From lat 39 00 N, 33 00 W a vessel steamed 270 T at 10 knots for 3 days 8 hours. In what D.R. position did she arrive? A. Lat 38 00 N, Long 48 20.4 W B. Lat 40 00 N, Long 50 19.4 W C. Lat 39 00 N, Long 50 19.4 W D. Lat 39 00 N, Long 48 20.4 W

15. Solution: Find D. R. position of Arrival Dist. = Speed x Time = 10 kts. X 80 hours Dist = 800 nm Dlo = Dist. / Cos Lat. = 800 / Cos 39 Dlo = 1029.407 / 60 Dlo = 17 09 W Long1 = 33 00 W ( + ) Long2 = 50 09.4 W

16. The distance between two meridians is 427 nm in lat 50 20 N. What is the angle at the pole? A. 12 58.1 B. 10 41.7 C. 10 00.0 D. 11 08.9

16. Solution: Find Dlo or Angle at the Pole Dlo = Dist. / Cos Lat Dlo = 427 / Cos 50 20 Dlo = 668.94 / 60 Dlo = 11 08.9

17. Two ships on the parallel of 17 S are 55 nm apart. What would be their distance apart if they were on the parallel of 40 N? A. 42.08 nm B. 44.06 nm C. 45.01 nm D. 40.07 nm

17. Solution: Distance at 40 N Parallel Dlo = Dist / Cos Lat Dlo = 55 / Cos 17 Dlo = 57.51 Dist. = Dlo x Cos Lat Dist. = 57.5 x Cos 40 Dist. = 44.047 nm

18. Two ports, A and B are in the Northern Hemisphere. On the parallel of Port A, the distance between their meridians is 250 nm, on the parallel of Port B it is 350 nm, and on the Equator it is 400 nm. What are the latitudes of the ports? A. A 50 19.1 N; B 26 57 N B. A 53 20.0 N; B 28 57.3 N C. A 51 19.1 N; B 28 57.3 N D. A 50 19.1 N; B 28 57.3 N

18. Solution: Find Lat. A & B Cos Lat A = Dist. / Dlo = 250 / 400 = 0.625 inv. Cos Lat A = 51 19.1 N Cos Lat B = Dist. / Dlo = 350 / 400 = 0.875 inv. Cos Lat B = 28 57.3 N

19. A vessel in latitude 48 30 N, steams 270 T. at 10 knots for 24 hours. By how much is the longitude changed? A. Dlo 6 08.7 B. Dlo 6 00.0 C. Dlo 6 02.2 D. Dlo 7 00.1

19. Solution: Find Dlo D = S x T = 10 x 24 D = 240 nm Dlo = Dist. / Cos Lat = 240 / Cos 48 30 = 362.19 / 60 Dlo = 06 02.2

20. In lat. 50 20 N. a vessel steams from long 15 46 W to long 31 18 W. What distance was made good? A. 554.5 nm B. 600.0 nm C. 594.9 nm D. 601.2 nm

20. Solution: Find Dist. Made Good Long 1 = 15 46 W Long 2 = 31 18 W ( - ) Dlo = 15 32 W x 60 Dlo = 932 Dist = Dlo x Cos Lat. Dist = 932 x Cos 50 20 Dist = 594.9 nm

21. A ship steams 090 T for 200 nm in lat 49 10 N. By how much will her clocks have to be advanced? A. 19m 06s B. 21m 44s C. 20m 23s D. 24m 00s

21. Solution: Find Time Clock Advance Dlo = Dist. / Cos Lat Dlo = 200 / Cos 49 10 Dlo = 305.87 / 60 Dlo = 5 05.9 E 1 = 4 minutes 5 05.9 x 4 Time = 00h 20m 23s

22. The distance between two meridians in the Northern Hemisphere is 240 nm. At the equator it is 400 nm., and in the Southern Hemisphere it is 360 nm. What is the dlat between the two parallels? A. Dlat 78 58.3 B. Dlat 69 44.4 C. Dlat 77 30.6 D. Dlat 75 15.3

22. Solution: Find Dlat Cos Lat1 = Dist. / Dlo = 240 / 400 Lat 1 = 53 07.8 N

Cos Lat 2 = Dist / Dlo = 360 / 400 Lat 2 = 25 50.5 S Lat 1 = 53 07.8 N ( + ) Dlat = 78 58.3 S

23. In what latitude is the departure in nm be equal to five-sevenths of the Dlo. in minutes? A. Lat. 43 44 N or S B. Lat. 44 25 N or S C. Lat 41 33 N or S D. Lat 40 40 N or S

23. Solution: Find Latitude Cos Lat = Dep / Dlo = 5/7 = 0.71428 inv. Cos Lat. = 44 24.9 N / S

24. Two vessels 200 nm. apart on the same parallel are sailing on course 180 T to the parallel of 20 N, where their dlong is found to be 5 10. How far did each steam? A. 1,789.3 nm B. 1,800.0 nm C. 1,825.0 nm D. 1,625.0 nm

24. Solution: Find Distance Cos Lat = Dist. / Dlo = 200 / 310 DLO = 5 10 Lat = 49 49.3 N x 60 DLO = 310 Lat 1 = 49 49.3 N Lat 2 = 20 00.0 N Dlat = 29 49.3 x 60 Dist. = 1789.3 nm

25. Your vessel receives a distress call from a vessel reporting her position as lat 35 01.0 S, long 18 51.0 W. Your position is lat 35 01.0 S, long 21 42.0 W. Determine the true course and distance from your vessel in distress by parallel sailing. A. 090 T, 140.0 nm B. 090 T, 189.2 nm C. 270 T, 140.0 nm D. 270 T, 189.2 nm

25. Solution: Find T/Co. and Distance Long 1 = 18 51 W Long 2 = 21 42 W ( - ) Dlo = 2 51 W x 60 Dlo = 171 Dist. = Dlo x Cos Lat. = 171 x Cos 35 01 Dist = 140 nm Course = 090

26. A vessel in latitude 55 12 N. steamed on a course 270 T and made a dlong. of 21 36.6. If the time taken was 3 days 2 hours, find the vessels speed.? A. 10 knots B. 11 knots C. 12 knots D. 14 knots

26. Solution: Find Speed Dlo = 21 36.6 x 60 Dlo = 1296 Dist. = Dlo x Cos Lat. Dist = 1296 x Cos 55 12 Dist = 740 nm Speed = Dist. / Time Speed = 740 nm / 74 Hrs. Speed = 10 Knots

27. Two ships A and B, which are 40 miles apart on the Equator, steamed due North to the 20th parallel. What is the distance between them in this latitude? A. 37.6 miles B. 38.2 miles C. 36.0 miles D. 39.2 miles

20TH PARALLEL
DISTANCE = ?

DISTANCES 40 NM VSL A

EQUATOR

VSL B

27. Solution: Find Distance Dist. = Dlo x Cos Lat. = 40 x Cos 20 Dist. = 37.6 nm

28. Two vessels, A and B, are on the parallel of 49 50 N, A steering 090 T and B 270. At noon Local Apparent Time by Bs clock they were 349 nm apart, when their clocks were set to the apparent time of their respective meridians. At 10:15 p.m. by Bs clock they collide. What was the time by As clock, neither having been altered since noon? A. 21 h 38 m 56 s B. 21 h 59 m 00 s C. 22 h 00 m 00 s D. 22 h 00 m 00 s

28. Solution: Find Time of Vessel A

Dist 349 nm at 12 noon


VSL A Co. 090

Lat 49 50 N

VSL B Co. 270

At 1015 Hrs at Vsl. B time both vessel collide Find: Time of Vsl. A during collision ?

28. Solution: Dlo = Dist / Cos Lat. = 349 / Cos 49 50 Dlo = 541.07 / 60 Dlo = 09 01 ( Convert to Time ) x 4 Longitude in Time = 00h 36m 04s Time of Collision = 22h 15m 00s ( - ) Time of Vessel A = 21h 38m 56s

29. On certain parallel, a vessel must steam one nm to alter her longitude by two minutes. What is the latitude of the parallel? A. Lat 60 N or S B. Lat 64 N or S C. Lat 55 N or S D. Lat 61 N or S

29. Solution: Find Latitude Cos Lat. = Dist. / Dlo = 1/2 = 0.5 inv Cos Lat = 60 N / S

30. A vessel sails due West from Greenwich at noon of 1st January 2003, and makes a departure of 216 miles in 24 hours. Assuming it is possible for this vessel to circumnavigate the world along the parallel of Lat 60 N., find the time and date she would regain the meridian of Greenwich. A. Noon, Feb. 20, 2003 B. Midnight, Feb. 20,2003 C. Noon, Feb.19,2003 D. Midnight, Feb.19,2003

30. Solution: Find ETA Speed = Dist. / Time = 216 / 24 Speed = 9 Knots Dlo = 360 x 60 Dlo = 21,600 Dist = Dlo x Cos 60 = 21,600 x Cos 60 Dist = 10,800 nm

30. Solution: Steaming Time = Dist. / Speed = 10,800 nm / 9 knots Steaming Time = 50d 00h 00m Departure Time = 01d 12h 00m ( + ) 51d 12h 00m ( - ) 31 ( Jan. ) E.T.A. = 20 Feb. 1200h 2003