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AIR CONDITIONING

TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN TINGKAT XII SEMESTER 6


KOMPETENSI KEJURUAN

SK-KD 19TH

DIAGRAM ALUR PENCAPAIAN KOMPETENSI

OUTLINE OF CAR AIR CONDITIONER

MAIN PARTS IN ENGINE COMPARTMENT

MAIN PARTS IN PASSENGER COMPARTMENT

SD0008

CONTROL PANEL

TYPES OF CAR AIR CONDITIONER

FRONT AIR CONDITIONER

REAR AIR CONDITIONER (COOLER)

Overhead Dual Air Conditioner

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CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO CONTROL SYSTEMS

A. Manual Air Conditioner

B. Automatic Air Conditioner

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PRINCIPLE OF COOLING

Menguap

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EVAPORATION AND ABSURPTION OF HEAT

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THE CHANGE OF SHAPE

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PRINCIPLE OF AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT

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PRINCIPLE OF AIR CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT

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A/C MOBIL PRINCIPLE


EKSPANSI & PENGUAPAN
50 oC 15 kg/cm2

PENGEMBUNAN REFRIGERANT

0 oC 2,1 kg/cm2

80 oC 15 kg/cm2

Expansion Valve

Comp. Panas 0 oC 2,1 kg/cm2 50 oC 15 kg/cm2

Panas

Compressor

Condenser Receiver

BAGAIMANA MENGEMBUNKAN GAS R 134a MENJADI CAIRAN

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REFRIGERATION CYCLE

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AC CYCLE

High-Temperature/High-Pressure Gas

High-Temperature/High-Pressure Vapor

Low-Temperature/Low-Pressure Liquid

Low-Temperature/Low-Pressure Gas

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REFRIGERANT CHARACTERISTICS

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FUNDAMENTAL OF HEATING

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FUNDAMENTAL OF HEATING

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FUNDAMENTAL OF HEATING

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CAR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

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OUTLET AIRFLOW CONTROL

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FRESH/RECIRCULATED AIR INTAKE CONTROL

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FRESH/RECIRCULATED AIR INTAKE CONTROL

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PURIFICATION

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HUMIDITY CONTROL

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OUTLET AIR TEMPERATURE CONTROL


Air Mix System

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OUTLET AIR TEMPERATURE CONTROL


Reheat System

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AIR OUTLET CONTROL

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DAMPER TYPES

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DAMPER TYPES

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COMPRESSOR

Responsible for pumping refrigerant through the air conditioning system and increasing the pressure of incoming refrigerant gases. Located under the hood. Belt driven. Problems with inadequate lubrication inside the compressor are the cause of excessive wear, contamination and the spread of particles throughout the A/C system.
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COMPRESSOR

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CRANKSHAFT TYPE COMPRESSOR

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CRANKSHAFT TYPE COMPRESSOR

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SWASH PLATE TYPE COMPRESSOR

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VARIABLE CAPACITY COMPRESSOR

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WOBBLE TYPE COMPRESSOR

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WOBLE PLATE TYPE COMPRESSOR

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SCROLL TYPE COMPRESSOR

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SCROLL TYPE COMPRESSOR


Operation Principle

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THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR

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THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR

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SLIDING VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR

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SLIDING VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR

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THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR

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THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR


Variable Operation

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VARIABLE CAPACITY COMPRESSOR

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EXTERNAL VARIABLE CAPACITY CONTROL

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MAGNETIC CLUTCH
Tertarik
Gaya tarik Switch Besi (I) Battery Besi (II)

Electromagnet

Pressure plate Clutch rotor Stator coil

Pulley

Stator

Clutch stator

Clutch pulley
CLUTCH TIPE P
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MANIFOLD

Connects the suction and discharge lines to the compressor. Metal particles adhering to the internal walls are evidence of system-wide contamination.

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CONDENSER

Heat exchanger responsible for changing refrigerant from a high-pressure gas state to a high-pressure liquid state through principles of condensation. Located in front of radiator. The small passages inside the condenser are very susceptible to clogging from the particles that enter under high pressure.
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CONDENSER

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CONDENSER TYPE

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CONDENSER TYPE

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SUB-COOL CONDENSER

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SUB-COOL CONDENSER

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SUB-COOL CONDENSER

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SUB-COOL CONDENSER

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CONDENSER COOLING

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LIQUID LINE

Moves the high-pressure liquid through the system. Particles frequently cling to the interior walls and catch other particles as they flow through.

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ORIFICE TUBE

Responsible for regulating refrigerant flow to the evaporator and changing refrigerant pressure from high to low. Located under the hood.

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ACCUMULATOR

Responsible for storing excess refrigerant not utilized by evaporator, filtering contaminants out of refrigerant and removing any moisture that is in system. Located under the hood. Due to the concentrations of particles that are trapped here, the accumulator frequently requires replacement.
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RECEIVER / DRYER
UNTUK HFC 134a UNTUK CFC 12

In
Receiver Tube

Sight Glass Out

Desiccant dirubah Zeolite Silicagel

Dryer Desiccant

Melt Bolt (dihilangkan)

Bolt

Filter

Melt Metal (Timah spesial)

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SIGHT GLASS

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EXPANSION VALVE

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EXPANSION VALVE (TIPE ZFC)

TIPE INTERNAL EQUALIZING


Diaphragm Capilary tube

TIPE EXTERNAL EQUALIZING


Diaphragm Capilary tube

Tekanan Spring

Equalizer pipe Equalizer circuit Tekanan Spring

Valve Refrigerant inlet Pipa evaporator Refrigerant inlet Pipa evaporator

Daerah uap jenuh Daerah uap jenuh Daerah panas lanjut (L)

Daerah uap jenuh

Daerah panas lanjut (L)

Pf = Tekanan gas didalam sensing bulb. Ps = Gaya spring Pe = Tekanan didalam evaporator 70

Cairan Gas

CA41-25

REFRIGERANT VOLUME ADJUSTING

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BOX TYPE EXPANSION VALVE

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EXPANSION VALVE

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EVAPORATOR

http://www.azmobileair.com/

Responsible for changing state of refrigerant from low-pressure liquid to low-pressure gas through principles of evaporation. Located in the passenger compartment. In all but the most serious instances of system contamination, the evaporator is the one major component that does not need replacement. Any particles that reach the evaporator tend to flow through.
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EVAPORATOR

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EVAPORATOR

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PIPING

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BLOWER

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CA41-38

BLOWER CONTROL

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EVAPORATOR SENSOR

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EVAPORATOR SENSOR

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EVAPORATOR PRESSURE REGULATOR ( EPR )

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EVAPORATOR PRESSURE REGULATOR (EPR) (UNTUK CFC 12)

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CA41-28

EVAPORATOR PRESSURE REGULATOR ( EPR )

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PRESSURE SWITCH

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PRESSURE SWITCH DUAL PRESSURE SWITCH


Expansion valve Condenser
ON

Evaporator

Receiver

2.0 kg/cm2

32 kg/cm2

ON Compressor Pressure Diaphragma OFF


2.3 26

OFF

Kontak point

OFF

Terminal Terminal

Spring
CA41-30

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TRIPLE PRESSURE SWITCH

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Bibliography: www.azmobileair.com Denso Motor

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Thanks very much to God and DENSO


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