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Migration into and within the EU

Learning Objectives:

To know what push and pull factors are and that they can have positive and negative impacts To understand economic movements to and within the EU and the impacts of these movements

Movements of people within the EU.

The EU allows and promotes the free movement of people and goods within its 27 member states. Migration is affected by: Proximity to others. Strength of economy. Availability of jobs. As changes occur to the later two, migration patterns also change. 2008 economic crash!!!

Movements within the EU

Look at the map and data plot the proportional symbols onto the base map of the EU. Which country dominates?

Movement within the EU

UK received 600,000 Eastern European migrants between 2004 and 2006. 447,000 of these were polish. Many came simply because they could earn more money doing the same types of unskilled work as they were doing at home.

Overall the UK has benefitted

Most pay tax This boosted our workforce (dependency ratio) but also put pressure on schools and hospitals. Some however work in informal jobs for cash.. Many have now returned to Poland as opportunities there have improved

Migration from outside the EU

Europe receives over 2 million immigrants a year. Immigration accounts for more change to European population structure than birth and death rates!! 8.6% of Europes population were born outside of Europe

Into the EU
Many are skilled people 1 in 3 doctors in Britain were trained in a foreign country Europe needs migrant workers because of its falling birth rate and ageing population.

Movement of people into the EU

Where they choose to go depends largely upon: Proximity. History. Economy.

People migrate for many reasons:
Economic migrants = people who move for financial reasons usually for work. Often dont stay for long Asylum Seeker = these are people who have been forced from their home country or region and are seeking refuge, often this is due to war or political unrest.

Illegal Immigrants = These are people who enter a country illegally without visas or documentation.

Refugee = a refugee is a person who is forced from where they live and cannot return. They often seek asylum in other countries.

Refugee movements
Depend largely on current political situations Recently European armed forces have been heavily involved in Iraq and Afghanistan. Many refugees arriving in the EU are from these countries. They will return home was peace is reestablished

Read through pages 191 -193 of Nelson Thornes and complete Activities

Population Revision
Fold your A3 piece of paper in half On the front cover write a list of all the key words associated with Population Change (and any meanings you are unsure of) Mind Map all the case studies
China, Kerala, EU migration, UK (France) Ageing pop, Niger.

If you finish come and get an exam q to answer!