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THE PLANET VENUS

Sydney Frayne Briana Alberghine

APPEARANCE OF VENUS

History of Venus Venus is the Roman Goddess of Love and Beauty. In Greek Mythology, she is also known as Aphrodite. This is the sign for Venus.

BASIC FACTS OF VENUS


Venus was first discovered by a caveman who mistook it for a star. Ancient Greeks also wanted to learn more about Venus as a star Venus is the second planet from the Sun Venus is nearly the same size as Earth 12,102 km in diameter(12,756 km for Earth)

82% the mass of Earth


Similar density, 5.3 g/cm 3 (5.5 g/cm3 for Earth) Venus takes 223 days to orbit the Sun Venus takes 2,243 days to rotate on it axis and it rotates the opposite direction of Earth

EARTHS SISTER

Venus is sometimes called Earths twin or sister because the planets are so much alike. They are almost the same size and they both have relatively young surfaces. They also are similar in chemical and density compositions.

PROPERTIES OF VENUS
- The -surface gravity of 8.87m/s2 - Magnetic field protects it from the solar wind - The surface temperature is 462 degrees Celsius - Atmosphere is 96% Carbon dioxide - Diameter is covered in volcanoes and the remnants of volcanoes(60% of surface) - It is surrounded by white sulfuric acid clouds - Rocky surface/mountain ranges

LAYERS OF VENUS
Crust-the Venusian crust is comparably thin, extending a depth of 30 miles. The surface is remarkably flat, with on 10% of the planet having a relief. The thin crust is one of the reasons why Venus was geographically active in the recent past. Mantel-below the crust is a rocky mantel, again solid, extending almost from the surface to a depth of about 2,000 miles Core-large metal core, probably composed of the metal nickel and iron, which takes up about half of its radius. The planet has a weak magnetic field, so its core could possibly be solid.

VOLCANOES
Venus is a planet with wide-scale volcanic activity

In the lowland plains, lava renews the surface and erases craters
The are many volcanoes associated with surface hot spots

The largest volcano on Venus is Sif Mons

3 km high, 500 km across


Caldera is 40 km across

These volcanoes result from magma reaching the


surface

Pressure under the surface can cause bulges called


coronae

TEMPERATURE OF VENUS
Venus is very hot. It can heat up to over 867 degrees F. The cause is the thick yellow clouds (formed from a poison called Sulfuric Acid) all around the planet. It is called the greenhouse effect. The clouds trap the heat, causing the planet to get hotter and stay hot.

Visitations to Venus

More than 20 spacecraft's have visited Venus. The very first one was Mariner 2, which visited Venus in 1962. Some of the other spacecraft's include Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, and Magellan.

THE MAGELLAN MISSION TO VENUS


The Magellan mission to Venus was launched May 4, 1989 and arrived at Venus on August 10, 1990 Magellan used a high resolution radar to map the surface of Venus through the opaque clouds Magellan worked for 4 years and mapped 98% of the surface of Venus

MAPPING SURFACE OF VENUS


The Magellan data can be processed into 3-D views of the surface of Venus

False color picture of Venus constructed from radar images from the Magellan space craft

3-D view of three impact crater on the surface of Venus

GRAVITATIONAL FORCE
If a 150 pound person went on Venus. They would weigh 132 pounds.

VENUSS ATMOSPHERE
The atmosphere of Venus causes a very high surface temperature and gives the surface a perpetual red twilight The weather at the surface is hot, dry, calm The pressure at the surface is 90 times the Earths atmospheric pressure Carbon Dioxide 96% Nitrogen 3.2 Other .8%

VENUS: LOCATION & ORBIT


This close proximity to the Sun accounts for the average surface temperature on Venus of 482 degrees Celsius. It takes 0.62 Earth years, or 225 Earth days, to complete one revolutionary period and 243 Earth days to complete a rotational period. This makes a Venus day longer than a Venus year! At an orbital inclination of 3.39 degrees and an eccentricity of 0.0068, the planet's orbit about the Sun is almost perfectly circular.

PHASES OF VENUS

TIME ON VENUS
One day on Venus would be 243 Earth days. One year on Venus would be 224 Earth days. That means that a day is longer than a year on Venus.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
spaceodyssey.dmns.org/media/12607/venus.ppt

www.uen.org/.../downloadFile.cgi?file...venus.ppt...venus.ppt
www.powershow.com/.../The_Planet_Venus_powerpoint_ppt_... www.oocities.org/shivabhava333/VENUS.ppt http://library.thinkquest.org/C005921/Venus/venuLocOrb.htm

Garlick, Mark A. Astronomy: A Visual Guide Richmond Hill, Ont: Firefly, 2004. Print.